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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#1
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067185/effect-of-formal-education-on-vascular-cognitive-impairment-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis-and-study-in-young-stroke-patients
#2
Roy P C Kessels, Willem Sake Eikelboom, Pauline Schaapsmeerders, Noortje A M Maaijwee, Renate M Arntz, Ewoud J van Dijk, Frank-Erik de Leeuw
OBJECTIVES: The extent of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) after stroke varies greatly across individuals, even when the same amount of brain damage is present. Education level is a potentially protective factor explaining these differences, but results on its effects on VCI are inconclusive. METHODS: First, we performed a meta-analysis on formal education and VCI, identifying 21 studies (N=7770). Second, we examined the effect of formal education on VCI in young-stroke patients who were cognitively assessed on average 11...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064517/experiences-of-patients-undergoing-repeated-intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-injections-for-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Jessica Boyle, Meri Vukicevic, Konstandina Koklanis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Gwyneth Rees
Current therapy to slow disease progression in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) entails regular intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, often indefinitely. Little is known about the burden imposed on patients by this repetitive treatment schedule and how this can be best managed. The aim of this study was to explore the psychosocial impact of repeated intravitreal injections on patients with neovascular AMD. Forty patients (16 males, 24 females) with neovascular AMD undergoing anti-VEGF treatment were recruited using purposive sampling from a private ophthalmology practice and public hospital in Melbourne...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#4
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047262/tu-h-campus-iep3-03-validation-of-image-registration-methods-for-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
J Lin, D Fuentes, A Chandler, J Hazle, D Schellingerhout, C MacLellan
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of both commercial and open-source co-registration solutions as applied to intra-subject, multi-sequence, magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain. METHODS: Twenty (20) patients were imaged on clinical 3.0T MR scanners to obtain T2-weighted (T2W), fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR), susceptibility weighted angiography (SWAN), and T1 post-contrast (T1C) image sequences. Fiducial landmark sites (n=15 per sequence, 4 sequences per patient, 1200 total planned for 4 sequences and 20 patients, 1175 total realized) were specified throughout these image volumes to define identical locations across sequences...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018920/delay-between-onset-of-symptoms-and-seeking-physician-intervention-increases-risk-of-diabetic-foot-complications-results-of-a-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#6
Norina A Gavan, Ioan A Veresiu, Etta J Vinik, Aaron I Vinik, Bogdan Florea, Cosmina I Bondor
We present a post hoc analysis of 17,530 questionnaires collected as part of the 2012 screening for neuropathy using Norfolk Quality of Life tool in patients with diabetes in Romania, to assess the impact on foot complications of time between the onset of symptoms of diabetes/its complications and the physician visit. Odds ratios (ORs) for self-reporting neuropathy increased from 1.16 (95% CI: 1.07-1.25) in those who sought medical care in 1-6 months from symptoms of diabetes/its complications onset to 2.27 in those who sought medical care >2 years after symptoms onset...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011333/effect-of-simulation-training-on-the-development-of-nurses-and-nursing-students-critical-thinking-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery, Najmeh Sharifi
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the existing scientific evidence on the effect of simulation on critical thinking in nursing education. DESIGN: A systematic literature review of original research publications. DATA SOURCES: In this systematic review, the papers published in English and Farsi databases of PubMed, Science Direct, ProQuest, ERIC, Google Scholar and Ovid, MagIran and SID, from 1975 to 2015 were reviewed by two independent researchers...
December 20, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008603/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-chair-yoga-on-pain-and-physical-function-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#8
Juyoung Park, Ruth McCaffrey, David Newman, Patricia Liehr, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga, compared to a Health Education program (HEP), on pain and physical function in older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) who could not participate in standing exercise. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial. SETTING: One HUD senior housing facility and one day senior center in south Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 131) were randomly assigned to chair yoga (n = 66) or HEP (n = 65)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998001/knocked-by-the-shuttlecock-twelve-sight-threatening-blunt-eye-injuries-in-australian-badminton-players
#9
Kathy K Jao, Alp Atik, Michael P Jamieson, Mariana P Sheales, Matthew H Lee, Ashley Porter, Athena Roufas, Ivan Goldberg, Ehud Zamir, Andrew White, Simon E Skalicky
BACKGROUND: Non-penetrating ocular injuries from badminton shuttlecocks can result in severe damage and life-long complications. This case series highlights the morbidity of such injuries, particularly in regard to post-traumatic glaucoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of 12 patients with shuttlecock-related blunt eye injuries sustained during badminton play without eye protection. By approaching colleagues through conference presentations and networking, the authors have attempted to gather all known cases of shuttlecock ocular injury managed in tertiary ocular emergency departments or private ophthalmological clinics in Victoria and New South Wales, Australia in 2015...
December 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996331/volumetric-and-morphometric-mri-findings-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
T Hellstrøm, L T Westlye, A Server, M Løvstad, C Brunborg, M J Lund, W Nordhøy, O A Andreassen, N Andelic
OBJECTIVE: This study compared cortical and sub-cortical volumes between patients with complicated (i.e. presence of intracranial abnormality on the day-of-injury CT) and uncomplicated (i.e. absence of intracranial abnormality) mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 4 weeks post-injury. The study hypothesized regionally decreased brain volumes and reduced cortical thickness in patients with complicated MTBIs compared with uncomplicated MTBI. METHODS: This study was part of a larger 2 years cohort study on MTBI...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995017/influence-of-physician-years-on-urological-journal-publication-productivity-among-japanese-urologists
#11
Naoya Niwa, Eiji Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Matsumoto, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya
PURPOSE: To evaluate the urological journal publication productivity of Japanese urologists based on their physician years. METHODS: All original articles written by Japanese urologists and published from Japanese institutions in 6 primary urological journals between 2010 and 2014 were reviewed (N = 529 articles). RESULTS: The median post-graduate years of the first and corresponding authors of all articles were 16 and 21 years, respectively...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943372/imperfect-practice-makes-perfect-error-management-training-improves-transfer-of-learning
#12
Liv Dyre, Ann Tabor, Charlotte Ringsted, Martin G Tolsgaard
CONTEXT: Traditionally, trainees are instructed to practise with as few errors as possible during simulation-based training. However, transfer of learning may improve if trainees are encouraged to commit errors. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of error management instructions compared with error avoidance instructions during simulation-based ultrasound training. METHODS: Medical students (n = 60) with no prior ultrasound experience were randomised to error management training (EMT) (n = 32) or error avoidance training (EAT) (n = 28)...
December 12, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924368/a-quantitative-readability-analysis-of-patient-education-resources-from-gastroenterology-society-websites
#13
David R Hansberry, Sahil R Patel, Prateek Agarwal, Nitin Agarwal, Elizabeth S John, Ann M John, James C Reynolds
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The lay public frequently access and rely on online information as a source of their medical knowledge. Many medical societies are unaware of national patient education material guidelines and subsequently fail to meet them. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the readability of patient education materials within the medical field of gastroenterology. METHODS: Two hundred fourteen articles pertaining to patient education materials were evaluated with ten well-established readability scales...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916818/is-a-nutrition-education-intervention-associated-with-a-higher-intake-of-fruit-and-vegetables-and-improved-nutritional-knowledge-among-housewives-in-mauritius
#14
Komeela Cannoosamy, Dhandevi Pem, Suress Bhagwant, Rajesh Jeewon
The purpose of the study was to assess the determinants of nutrition behaviors and body mass index and determine the impact of a nutrition education intervention (NEI) among Mauritian housewives. A pretest-posttest design was used assessing Nutrition Knowledge (NK), Nutrition Attitudes, Fruit and Vegetable Intake (FVI), body mass index (BMI). Two hundred Mauritian housewives were recruited. The NEI was in the form of a lecture and lasted for twenty minutes. Statistical tests performed revealed that the mean NK score at baseline was 65...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910180/internal-migration-and-maternal-health-service-utilisation-in-jiangsu-china
#15
Hai Gu, Hua You, Weiqing Ning, Hua Zhou, Jianming Wang, Ying Lu, Jun Sun, Yun Kou, Hengjin Dong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of maternal health care services by internal migrants in view of their migration status. METHODS: Cross-sectional household survey in two cities of Jiangsu Province. Questions elicited data on socioeconomic information and MHC service use (pre-natal examination, post-natal visit, pre-natal health education). Chi-square tests and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with MHC service use...
November 5, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896145/interprofessional-multiple-step-simulation-course-improves-pediatric-resident-and-nursing-staff-management-of-pediatric-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#16
Linnea M Larson-Williams, Amber Q Youngblood, Dawn Taylor Peterson, J Lynn Zinkan, Marjorie L White, Hussein Abdul-Latif, Leen Matalka, Stephen N Epps, Nancy M Tofil
AIM: To investigate the use of a multidisciplinary, longitudinal simulation to educate pediatric residents and nurses on management of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. METHODS: A multidisciplinary, multiple step simulation course was developed by faculty and staff using a modified Delphi method from the Pediatric Simulation Center and pediatric endocrinology department. Effectiveness of the simulation for the residents was measured with a pre- and post-test and a reference group not exposed to simulation...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894295/impact-of-a-web-based-tool-webconsort-to-improve-the-reporting-of-randomised-trials-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Sally Hopewell, Isabelle Boutron, Douglas G Altman, Ginny Barbour, David Moher, Victor Montori, David Schriger, Jonathan Cook, Stephen Gerry, Omar Omar, Peter Dutton, Corran Roberts, Eleni Frangou, Lei Clifton, Virginia Chiocchia, Ines Rombach, Karolina Wartolowska, Philippe Ravaud
BACKGROUND: The CONSORT Statement is an evidence-informed guideline for reporting randomised controlled trials. A number of extensions have been developed that specify additional information to report for more complex trials. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of using a simple web-based tool (WebCONSORT, which incorporates a number of different CONSORT extensions) on the completeness of reporting of randomised trials published in biomedical publications. METHODS: We conducted a parallel group randomised trial...
November 28, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891415/urban-rural-comparison-of-anthropometry-and-menarcheal-status-of-adolescent-school-going-girls-of-jodhpur-rajasthan-india
#18
Shyama Choudhary, Satyendra Khichar, Dhanraj Dabi, Manish Parakh, Pawan K Dara, Poonam Parakh, Suyasha Vyas, Bindu Deopa
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is the formative period of life. Poor adolescent health translates into poor maternal health leading to increased maternal morbidity with inter-generational consequences. AIM: To compare anthropometric, socio-demographic, menstrual and nutritional status of rural and urban adolescent school going girls of Western Rajasthan, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in two rural schools and one urban school of Jodhpur region...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#19
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888213/coach-directed-education-is-associated-with-injury-prevention-behaviour-in-players-an-ecological-cross-sectional-study
#20
James C Brown, Sugnet Gardner-Lubbe, Michael Ian Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Rugby union ('rugby') presents an above-average risk of injury to participants. BokSmart is a South African nationwide intervention that aims to reduce rugby-related injuries in players. This is achieved by educating coaches and referees to improve injury behaviour of players. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess if the receipt of injury-prevention education was associated with player behaviour. METHODS: Junior (n=2279) and senior (n=1642) players, who attended merit-based South African Rugby tournaments (2008-2012), completed an anonymous questionnaire...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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