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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343236/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-the-real-world-the-intensity-survey
#1
Gregory P Cosgrove, Pauline Bianchi, Sherry Danese, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and other interstitial lung diseases (ILD) presents significant clinical challenges. To gain insights regarding the diagnostic experience of patients with ILD and to identify potential barriers to a timely and accurate diagnosis, we developed an online questionnaire and conducted a national survey of adults with a self-reported diagnosis of ILD. METHODS: A pre-specified total of 600 subjects were recruited to participate in a 40-question online survey...
January 17, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343229/the-colombo-twin-and-singleton-follow-up-study-a-population-based-twin-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-sri-lanka
#2
Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M S Zavos, Patricia A Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins and singletons in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Here we present prevalence estimates for metabolic syndrome (metS) and mental disorders from a follow-up (COTASS-2) of the original study (COTASS-1), which was a mental health survey. METHODS: In COTASS-2, participants completed structured interviews, anthropometric measures and provided fasting blood and urine samples...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#3
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#4
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329288/soil-transmitted-helminth-infection-loss-of-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Noel Pabalan, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Michael J Boivin, Amara E Ezeamama
BACKGROUND: Evidence of an adverse influence of soil transmitted helminth (STH) infections on cognitive function and educational loss is equivocal. Prior meta-analyses have focused on randomized controlled trials only and have not sufficiently explored the potential for disparate influence of STH infection by cognitive domain. We re-examine the hypothesis that STH infection is associated with cognitive deficit and educational loss using data from all primary epidemiologic studies published between 1992 and 2016...
January 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319610/the-effectiveness-of-online-pain-resources-for-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-with-subset-meta-analysis-of-educational-intervention-studies
#6
Christina Liossi DPsych, Alessandro Failo PhD, Daniel E Schoth PhD, Glyn Williams Md, Richard Howard Md
Online educational interventions are increasingly developed for health professionals and students, although graduate and undergraduate medical curricular often contain limited information about how to assess and manage pain. This study reviews the literature on the effectiveness of pain-related online educational resources. Studies were identified via a search of Medline, PsychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OpenGrey databases. Search terms included three concept blocks: (i) type of intervention - online education, computer-based, e-learning, web-based, and internet-based; (ii) population - pediatrician, physician, nurse, psychologist, medical; (iii) outcome - pain*...
January 9, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314374/falls-and-delirium-in-an-acute-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review-before-and-after-an-organization-wide-interprofessional-education
#7
Rhonda L Babine, Kristiina E Hyrkäs, Sarah Hallen, Heidi R Wierman, Deborah A Bachand, Joanne L Chapman, Valerie J Fuller
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare identification of delirium, length of stay, and discharge locations in two patient samples of falls, before and after an organization wide interprofessional delirium education and practice change along with implementation of a policy. BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common and severe problem for hospitalized patients, with occurrence ranging from 14-56%, morbidity and mortality from 25-33%. Recent studies report that 73-96% of patients who fell during a hospital stay had symptoms of delirium; however the delirium went undiagnosed and untreated in 75% of the cases...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313300/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-based-on-health-belief-model-and-social-support-on-promoting-skin-cancer-preventive-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-iranian-farmers
#8
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Tayebeh Rakhshani
Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in Iran. Farmers are exposed to the sun's ultraviolet radiation due to their job and are susceptible to skin cancer. The aim of this study is to survey the effect of educational intervention based on health belief model and social support on promoting skin cancer preventive behaviors in farmers of Fasa City, Fars province, Iran. In this quasi-experimental study, 200 farmers (100 in experimental group and 100 in control group) in Fasa City, Fars, Iran, were selected in 2017...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290213/sex-hormone-levels-and-change-in-left-ventricular-structure-among-men-and-post-menopausal-women-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#9
Vinita Subramanya, Di Zhao, Pamela Ouyang, Joao A Lima, Dhananjay Vaidya, Chiadi E Ndumele, David A Bluemke, Sanjiv J Shah, Eliseo Guallar, Chike C Nwabuo, Matthew A Allison, Susan R Heckbert, Wendy S Post, Erin D Michos
OBJECTIVE: Sex hormone (SH) levels may contribute to sex differences in the risk of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We examined the associations of SH levels with left ventricular mass (LVM) and mass (M):volume (V) ratio, which are risk markers for HFpEF. STUDY DESIGN: We studied 1941 post-menopausal women and 2221 men, aged 45-84 years, participating in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Serum SH levels, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ejection fraction (EF) ≥50% had been recorded at baseline (2000-2002)...
February 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280777/promoting-secure-provider-to-provider-communication-with-electronic-health-record-messaging-an-educational-outreach-study
#10
Kathleen E Walsh, Jessica L Secor, Jon S Matsumura, Margaret L Schwarze, Beth E Potter, Peter Newcomer, Michael K Kim, Christie M Bartels
INTRODUCTION: With increasing electronic health record (EHR) use, providers are talking less with one another. Now, many rely on EHRs, informal emails, or texts, introducing fragmentation and new data security challenges with new communication strategies. We aimed to examine the impact of a physician champion educational outreach intervention to promote electronic provider-to-provider communication in a large academic multispecialty group. METHODS: Physician champions provided educational outreach to 16 academic departments, using 10-minute case-based presentations...
December 22, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247095/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-implementing-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-in-east-london-protocol-for-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#11
Werner Leber, Lee Beresford, Claire Nightingale, Estela Capelas Barbosa, Stephen Morris, Farah El-Shogri, Heather McMullen, Kambiz Boomla, Valerie Delpech, Alison Brown, Jane Hutchinson, Vanessa Apea, Merle Symonds, Samantha Gilliham, Sarah Creighton, Maryam Shahmanesh, Naomi Fulop, Claudia Estcourt, Jane Anderson, Jose Figueroa, Chris Griffiths
INTRODUCTION: HIV remains underdiagnosed. Guidelines recommend routine HIV testing in primary care, but evidence on implementing testing is lacking. In a previous study, the Rapid HIV Assessment 2 (RHIVA2) cluster randomised controlled trial, we showed that providing training and rapid point-of-care HIV testing at general practice registration (RHIVA2 intervention) in Hackney led to cost-effective, increased and earlier diagnosis of HIV. However, interventions effective in a trial context may be less so when implemented in routine practice...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246139/impact-of-a-structured-multicomponent-educational-intervention-program-on-metabolic-control-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Maria do Rosário Pinto, Pedro Miguel Dinis Santos Parreira, Marta Lima Basto, Lisete Dos Santos Mendes Mónico
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders, with a high prevalence of patients with poor metabolic control. Worldwide, evidence highlights the importance of developing and implementing educational interventions that can reduce this burden. The main objective of this study was to analyse the impact of a lifestyle centred intervention on glycaemic control of poorly controlled type 2 diabetic patients, followed in a Community Care Centre. METHODS: A type 2 experimental design was conducted over 6 months, including 122 adults with HbA1c ≥ 7...
December 15, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242140/positive-impacts-of-a-vegetable-cooking-skills-program-among-low-income-parents-and-children
#13
Francine Overcash, Allison Ritter, Traci Mann, Elton Mykerezi, Joseph Redden, Aaron Rendahl, Zata Vickers, Marla Reicks
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a vegetable-focused cooking skills and nutrition program on parent and child psychosocial measures, vegetable liking, variety, and home availability. DESIGN: Baseline and postcourse surveys collected 1-week after the course. SETTING: Low-income communities in Minneapolis-St Paul. PARTICIPANTS: Parent-child dyads (n = 89; one third each Hispanic, African American, and white) with complete pre-post course data; flyer and e-mail recruitment...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233406/common-teaching-activities-and-self-perceived-teaching-proficiency-in-pgy2-residencies
#14
Lisa Smith, Benjamin Kyle Hansen, Emily Heubel
OBJECTIVE: To describe common teaching activities included in post-graduate residencies, identify residents' self-perceived ability to perform the activities, and report characteristics of residents who did not feel post-graduate residency training prepared them for an academic career. METHODS: Residency Directors of PGY-2 ASHP-accredited U.S. residency programs in the July 2013-June 2014 cycle were asked to forward a 16-item online survey to PGY-2 residents. The survey was designed to determine teaching activities from a list of 21 common activities and measure self-perception of skill development...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233395/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-in-home-testing-among-a-regional-sample-of-student-pharmacists
#15
Alvina Tran, Autumn L Stewart, Jordan R Covvey
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists identify the importance of education on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); however, research suggests deficits in knowledge regarding recommendations and testing devices. With proper training, student pharmacists can play an important role in counseling patients on the importance of HIV testing and providing instruction on in-home testing. The objective of the study was to assess student pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of HIV and the use of an in-home, over-the-counter HIV testing device...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221997/what-do-patients-want-to-know-questions-and-concerns-regarding-mammography-expressed-through-social-media
#16
Abbas M Charlie, Yiming Gao, Samantha L Heller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to identify questions and concerns patients have regarding breast cancer screening mammography to establish priorities in patient education and health care communication. METHODS: A content analysis of posted questions (June 2010 to February 2017) containing the keywords mammogram and mammography was conducted on the social media question and answer website Quora (Quora Inc, Mountainview, California). Question topic, responses, and number of views were recorded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204696/patients-perspective-on-bowel-resection-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
Milton Mui, Vinna An, Jane Lovell, Basil D'Souza, Rodney Woods
PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine whether patients are receiving adequate counselling about elective bowel resection and timely surgery for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Patients with IBD who underwent an elective bowel resection in a tertiary referral centre between April 2012 and Dec 2014 were identified from a prospective database. Patients under the age of 16 years were excluded from the study. Patients were contacted over the phone to complete a questionnaire regarding their perspective on their surgery, including the consultations that took place, preparedness and timing of surgery, as well as patient attitude towards bowel resection and satisfaction with post-operative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202985/surgical-resident-involvement-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#18
Christopher E Gross, David Chang, Samuel B Adams, Selene G Parekh, Jordan D Bohnen
BACKGROUND: Surgical resident participation in the operating room is necessary for education and progression toward safe and independent practice. However, the impact of resident involvement on patient outcomes in foot and ankle surgery is unknown. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database (2005-2012) was used to identify common foot and ankle procedures (by Current Procedural Taxonomy (CPT) code) performed by orthopedic surgeons...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202097/targeted-community-based-interventions-improved-malaria-management-competencies-in-rural-ghana
#19
Isabella A Quakyi, George O Adjei, David J Sullivan, Judith K Stephens, Amos Laar, Vivian N Ama Aubyn, Richmond Owusu, Kwame S Sakyi, Nathaniel Coleman, Francis D Krampa, Linda Vanotoo, Julliette Tuakli, Bernard B Bortei, Edward Essuman, Felix Sorvor, Isaac A Boateng, Constance Bart-Plange, Ebenezer A Addison, Peter Winch, Andrew A Adjei
Background: Malaria is one of the most challenging public health concerns in the developing world. To address its impact in endemic regions, several interventions are implemented by stakeholders. The Affordable Medicine Facility-malaria (AMFm) is an example of such interventions. Its activities include communication interventions to enhance the knowledge of caregivers of children under five years, licensed chemical sellers (LCS) and prescribers on malaria management with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT)...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187522/surgical-academic-reach-the-higher-degree-effect-quantified
#20
Chris Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Charlotte Thomas, John Pollitt, Wyn G Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Proof of professional specific academic attainment is embedded within the Joint Committee on Surgical Training 2013 general surgery curriculum, mandating that all higher general surgical trainees (HST) obtain three peer-reviewed publications to qualify for Certification of Completion of Training. Yet, Modernising Medical Careers (MMC) has been associated with a trend away from the gold standard postgraduate credentials of higher degrees by research. This study aimed to evaluate the academic achievements of a post-MMC UK Deanery HST cohort to determine what additional benefits higher degree study might confer...
November 29, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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