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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426922/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-healthy-directions-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-lung-cancer
#1
Amanda C Blok, Traci M Blonquist, Manan M Nayak, Darryl Somayaji, Scott E Crouter, Laura L Hayman, Yolonda L Colson, Raphael Bueno, Karen M Emmons, Mary E Cooley
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this feasibility study of an adapted lifestyle intervention for adults with lung cancer were to: 1) determine rates of enrollment, attrition and completion of five nurse-patient contacts, 2) examine demographic characteristics of those more likely to enroll into the program, 3) determine acceptability of the intervention, and 4) identify patient preferences for the format of supplemental educational intervention materials. METHODS: This study used a single arm, pre-and post-test design...
April 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425894/trends-in-smoking-initiation-in-canada-does-non-inclusion-of-young-adults-in-tobacco-control-strategies-represent-a-missed-opportunity
#2
Thierry Gagné, Gerry Veenstra
OBJECTIVES: Young adults face high prevalence rates for smoking. Recent evidence suggests that many people initiate smoking during young adulthood, but little is currently known about trends in initiation rates for this age group. METHODS: We examined rates of initiation to first cigarette (FC) and daily smoking (DS) during youth (5-17 years) and young adulthood (18-25 years) using nationally representative data from the 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416830/-analysis-on-the-causes-of-unscheduled-suspensions-of-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Y Li, Z J Li, K Zhang, H Tian, Y Q Liu, H Cai, F Li, M W Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and summarize the causes of unscheduled suspension of knee and hip arthroplasty and to provide the method for optimizing the patient's preoperative management and improving the efficiency of medical resources as well as the patient's satisfaction. METHODS: The data for this report was retrospectively collected from September 2013 to August 2014 in our hospital, from cases of knee and hip arthroplasty that were suspended before the scheduled operation time...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411959/implementation-and-outcomes-of-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-effectiveness-of-education
#4
Yea-Yuan Chang, Hsin-Pai Chen, Chia-Wei Lin, Jen-Jen Tang, Ti-Ying Hsu, Yueh-Chun Weng, Yuan-Ming Lee, Wei-Shu Wang, Su-Shun Lo
BACKGROUND: Unnecessary use of antibiotics is a common occurrence in hospitals. Implementation of antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) has been shown to reduce both unnecessary antibiotic use and drug-resistant bacteria. Education is a fundamental component of an ASP. However, the effectiveness of proper uses of antibiotics education has not been clearly analyzed. METHODS: In a 520-bed university hospital located in northeastern Taiwan, a significantly increasing prescription of carbapenems, specifically imipenem and meropenem, was observed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410366/brief-educational-interventions-to-improve-performance-on-novel-quality-metrics-in-ambulatory-settings-in-kenya-a-multi-site-pre-post-effectiveness-trial
#5
Robert Ryan Korom, Stephanie Onguka, Peter Halestrap, Maureen McAlhaney, Mary Adam
BACKGROUND: The quality of primary care delivered in resource-limited settings is low. While some progress has been made using educational interventions, it is not yet clear how to sustainably improve care for common acute illnesses in the outpatient setting. Management of urinary tract infection is particularly important in resource-limited settings, where it is commonly diagnosed and associated with high levels of antimicrobial resistance. We describe an educational programme targeting non-physician health care providers and its effects on various clinical quality metrics for urinary tract infection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399116/maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#6
Suzan L Carmichael, Peiyi Kan, Jeffrey B Gould, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw, Henry C Lee
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between women's prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in their preterm offspring, hypothesizing that obesity-associated inflammation may increase risk. METHODS: We studied infants born in California 2007-2011, using linked data from California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative neonatal intensive care units, hospital discharge, and vital statistics. We included infants with birthweight<1500 grams or gestational age at birth 22-29 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#7
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397942/flash-glucose-monitoring-system-may-benefit-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-during-fasting-at-ramadan
#8
Abdulmoein E Al-Agha, Shahd E Kafi, Abdullah M Zain Aldeen, Raghdah H Khadwardi
To assess the benefit of using the flash glucose monitoring system (FGMS) in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) during Ramadan fasting. Methods: A prospective pilot study of 51 participants visited the pediatric diabetes clinic at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from between June until and July 2016. The FreeStyle® Libre™ FGMS (Abbott Diabetes Care, Alameda, CA, USA) was used. Hypoglycemia was defined as glucose values of less than 70 mg/dL, while hyperglycemia as glucose values of more than 150 mg/dL for all participants based on our institute's protocol...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392003/increasing-awareness-of-age-related-fertility-and-elective-fertility-preservation-among-medical-students-and-house-staff-a-pre-and-post-intervention-analysis
#9
Erica Anspach Will, Bat-Sheva Maslow, Leah Kaye, John Nulsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess medical students' and house staff's knowledge and personal and professional perceptions of age-related fertility and fertility preservation before and after an educational intervention. DESIGN: Pre-/post intervention survey. SETTING: University-based medical center. PATIENT(S): Medical students and house staff. INTERVENTION(S): An educational session on age-related fertility decline and elective fertility preservation...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376725/improving-feeding-and-growth-of-hiv-positive-children-through-nutrition-training-of-frontline-health-workers-in-tanga-tanzania
#10
Bruno F Sunguya, Linda B Mlunde, David P Urassa, Krishna C Poudel, Omary S Ubuguyu, Namala P Mkopi, Germana H Leyna, Anna T Kessy, Keiko Nanishi, Akira Shibanuma, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: Nutrition training can boost competence of health workers to improve children's feeding practices. In this way, child undernutrition can be ameliorated in general populations. However, evidence is lacking on efficacy of such interventions among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive children. We aimed to examine the efficacy of a nutrition training intervention to improve midlevel providers' (MLPs) nutrition knowledge and feeding practices and the nutrition statuses of HIV-positive children in Tanga, Tanzania...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373643/the-role-of-three-dimensional-printed-models-of-skull-in-anatomy-education-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#11
Shi Chen, Zhouxian Pan, Yanyan Wu, Zhaoqi Gu, Man Li, Ze Liang, Huijuan Zhu, Yong Yao, Wuyang Shui, Zhen Shen, Jun Zhao, Hui Pan
Three-dimensional (3D) printed models represent educational tools of high quality compared with traditional teaching aids. Colored skull models were produced by 3D printing technology. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to compare the learning efficiency of 3D printed skulls with that of cadaveric skulls and atlas. Seventy-nine medical students, who never studied anatomy, were randomized into three groups by drawing lots, using 3D printed skulls, cadaveric skulls, and atlas, respectively, to study the anatomical structures in skull through an introductory lecture and small group discussions...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370947/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-in-adolescents-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-with-depressive-symptoms-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#12
Lauren B Shomaker, Nichole R Kelly, Rachel M Radin, Omni L Cassidy, Lisa M Shank, Sheila M Brady, Andrew P Demidowich, Cara H Olsen, Kong Y Chen, Eric Stice, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Jack A Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with poor insulin sensitivity. We evaluated the long-term effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program for prevention of depression on insulin sensitivity in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) with depressive symptoms. METHODS: One-hundred nineteen adolescent females with overweight/obesity, T2D family history, and mild-to-moderate depressive symptoms were randomized to a 6-week CBT group (n = 61) or 6-week health education (HE) control group (n = 58)...
March 31, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367929/the-necessary-items-for-inclusion-in-a-questionnaire-for-assessing-the-nutrition-knowledge-of-young-japanese-children
#13
Mai Matsumoto, Shinji Ikemoto
It is well known nutrition education for 3- to 5-y-old children is important, and it is necessary to assess their nutrition knowledge before and after nutrition education to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program. This study aimed to determine the necessary questions for inclusion in a questionnaire designed to assess the nutrition knowledge of young Japanese children in order to assess the effectiveness of the Shokuiku nutrition education program. Eighty and 124 children from 9 nursery schools in Japan participated in the intervention and control groups, respectively...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350833/a-fast-and-frugal-algorithm-to-strengthen-diagnosis-and-treatment-decisions-for-catheter-associated-bacteriuria
#14
Aanand D Naik, Felicia Skelton, Amber B Amspoker, Russell A Glasgow, Barbara W Trautner
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for managing catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and asymptomatic bacteria (ASB) are poorly translated into routine care due in part to cognitive diagnostic errors. This study determines if the accuracy for CAUTI and ASB diagnosis and treatment improves after implementation of a fast and frugal algorithm compared with traditional education methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-intervention with contemporaneous comparison site involving inpatient and long term care wards at two regional Veterans Affairs Systems in United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344452/the-effects-of-a-sports-nutrition-education-intervention-on-nutritional-status-sport-nutrition-knowledge-body-composition-and-performance-during-off-season-training-in-ncaa-division-i-baseball-players
#15
Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Andrew Landreth, Stacey Beam, Taylor Jones, Layne Norton, Jason Michael Cholewa
This study investigated the effects of a sport nutrition education intervention (SNEI) on dietary intake, knowledge, body composition, and performance in NCAA Division I baseball players. Resistance trained NCAA Division I baseball players (82.4 ± 8.2 kg; 1.83 ± 0.06 m; 13.7 ± 5 % body fat) participated in the study during 12 weeks of off-season training. Fifteen players volunteered for SNEI while 15 players matched for position served as controls (C) for body composition and performance. The nutrition intervention group (NI) received a 90 min SNEI encompassing energy intake (Kcal), carbohydrate (CHO), protein (PRO), fat, food sources, and hydration...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335690/promoting-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-self-management-a-feasibility-study
#16
Elisabeth Preston, Catherine M Dean, Louise Ada, Rosalyn Stanton, Sandy Brauer, Suzanne Kuys, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Many people with mild disability after stroke are physically inactive despite the risk of recurrent stroke. A self-management program may be one strategy to increase physical activity in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of a self-management program, and determine whether self-management can increase daily physical activity levels and self-efficacy for exercise, decrease cardiovascular risk, and improve walking ability, participation, and quality of life in people with mild disability after stroke...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323240/the-impact-of-continuous-use-of-lumbosacral-orthoses-on-trunk-motor-performance-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Hiroshi Takasaki, Takahiro Miki
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is prescribed by general practitioners for the management of low back pain. It may be speculated that continuous use of an LSO for a prolonged period reduces mechanical loading to the trunk muscle in daily living and results in impairments of the trunk muscle. PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate whether trunk motor performances are impaired by the continuous use of an LSO. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis...
March 18, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322509/teaching-medical-students-about-cost-effectiveness
#18
Mark Iscoe, Robert Lord, John Schulz, David Lee, Danelle Cayea, Amit Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Rising and burdensome health care costs have driven interest in the practice of high-value care (HVC) and have inspired calls for increased HVC training across all levels of medical education, including among undergraduate medical students. CONTEXT: Classroom-based HVC curricula targeted to medical students have not been previously described in the medical literature. INNOVATION: We developed and evaluated a workshop comprising a lecture, a small-group exercise and a group discussion to instruct medical students on interpreting cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA), applying CEA to patient care and discussing the cost of care with patients...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301622/expert-consensus-on-cosmetic-outcomes-after-treatment-of-actinic-keratosis
#19
Brian Berman, Glynis R Ablon, Neal D Bhatia, Roger I Ceilley, David J Goldberg, Mark S Nestor, Susan H Weinkle
<p>Dermatologists treat actinic keratosis (AK) primarily because these lesions have the potential to progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Patients, on the other hand, generally seek treatment to remove the lesions and achieve an improved appearance of their skin following treatment. In selecting a treatment option for AK, dermatologists should consider post-treatment cosmesis, because cosmetic outcomes differ across AK treatments. To obtain expert opinion on the cosmetic sequelae related to chronically photodamaged skin and the treatment of AK, an expert panel meeting among dermatologists was conducted in February 2016...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296510/multidisciplinary-outpatient-treatment-in-patients-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#20
Eirik Vikane, Torgeir Hellstrøm, Cecilie Røe, Erik Bautz-Holter, Jörg Aßmus, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a multidisciplinary outpatient follow-up programme compared to follow-up by a general practitioner for patients being at-risk or sick-listed with persistent post-concussion symptoms two months after a mild traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty-one patients, 16-56 years. METHODS: Multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation with individual contacts and a psycho-educational group intervention at two outpatient rehabilitation clinics compared to follow-up by a general practitioner after the multidisciplinary examination...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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