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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929937/extracurricular-physical-activity-programs-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#1
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
PURPOSE: Interscholastic, intramural, and club physical activity (PA) programs can be important contributors to student PA accrual at schools. Few studies have assessed factors related to the provision of these extracurricular PA programs, especially in private schools. METHODS: We used a 16-item questionnaire to assess the associations and influences of selected factors relative to extracurricular PA program policies and practices in 450 private California secondary schools...
September 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926874/-multicenter-epidemiological-investigation-of-hospitalized-elderly-young-and-middle-aged-patients-with-severe-burn
#2
Y Tang, L X Wang, W G Xie, Z A Shen, G H Guo, J J Chen, C M Han, L C Ren, Z G Chu, M F Yin, Y Wang, D X Zhang, Y S Huang, J P Zhang
Objective: To compare and analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized elderly, young and middle-aged patients with severe burn in recent years, so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of elderly patients with severe burn. Methods: Relying on the entry system of epidemiological case data and biological sample of severe burn from multicenter in clinic, medical records of patients with severe burn, aged above 18, hospitalized in 8 burn wards from January 2012 to December 2015 were collected...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#3
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891385/trauma-informed-parenting-classes-delivered-to-rural-kinship-parents-a-pilot-study
#4
Karen J Foli, Stephanie Woodcox, Susan Kersey, Lingsong Zhang, Brooke Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Without an informed approach, kinship parents, often grandparents, may struggle to effectively interact with their children who have experienced trauma. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the overall impact and acceptability of a trauma-informed parenting curriculum delivered to 16 rural-dwelling kinship parents. Nursing faculty partnered with Cooperative Extension Educators to deliver this curriculum, developed by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889083/live-versus-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-uptake-and-post-vaccination-influenza-like-illness-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-us-air-force-members
#5
Julie L Menegay, Xiaohe Xu, T S Sunil, Jason F Okulicz
BACKGROUND: Although clinical data is limited, guidelines recommend avoiding live attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine (LAIV) in HIV-infected persons. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate non-guideline LAIV use and resulting adverse effects in an HIV-infected population. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of influenza vaccination in US Air Force (USAF) members with HIV infection immunized between 2005 and 2015 was performed. Influenza vaccination history after HIV diagnosis was evaluated, including receipt of LAIV or inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV)...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886034/determinants-of-maternal-near-miss-among-women-in-public-hospital-maternity-wards-in-northern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-case-control-study
#6
Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884102/effects-of-preoperative-walking-ability-and-patient-s-surgical-education-on-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Sunil K Dash, Nishit Palo, Geetanjali Arora, Sidharth S Chandel, Mithilesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Prospectively analyze the effect of preoperative walking status and the patient's surgical education on functional outcomes and the three dimensions of quality of life (QoL) (pain, physical function, and mental health) after elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A comparative analysis on the QoL and functional outcomes in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between January 2014 and June 2015. To compare effects of the patient's walking status and knowledge of the surgical procedure on QoL and functional outcomes following TKA by means of SF-36 questionnaire, CES D10, VAS, KSS, KSFS, WOMAC, as well as Friedmann and Wyman scores, 10MWT, and 30-second timed chair test, assessed before the operation and one, three, and six months after the operation...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882121/evaluation-of-a-peer-education-program-on-student-leaders-energy-balance-related-behaviors
#8
B C Foley, V A Shrewsbury, L L Hardy, V M Flood, K Byth, S Shah
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported energy balance-related behavior (EBRB) change for peer leaders delivering health promotion programs to younger students in secondary schools. Our study assessed the impact of the Students As LifeStyle Activists (SALSA) program on SALSA peer leaders' EBRBs, and their intentions regarding these behaviors. METHODS: We used a pre-post study design to assess changes in EBRBs and intentions of Year 10 secondary school students (15-16 year olds) who volunteered to be peer leaders to deliver the SALSA program to Year 8 students (13-14 year olds)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880904/prospective-comparison-of-two-models-of-integrating-early-infant-male-circumcision-with-maternal-child-health-services-in-kenya-the-mtoto-msafi-mbili-study
#9
Robert C Bailey, Fredrick Adera, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Timothy Adipo, Sherry K Nordstrom, Supriya D Mehta, Walter Jaoko, F L Fredrik G Langi, Walter Obiero, Edmon Obat, Fredrick O Otieno, Marisa R Young
As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). To address the lack of evidence regarding introduction of EIMC services in sub-Saharan African settings, we conducted a simultaneous, prospective comparison of two models of EIMC service delivery in Homa Bay County, Kenya. In one division a standard delivery package (SDP) was introduced and included health facility-based provision of EIMC services with community engagement for client referral versus in a different division a standard package plus (SDPplus) that included community-delivered EIMC services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874191/internet-or-dvd-for-distance-learning-to-isolated-rural-health-professionals-what-is-the-best-approach
#10
Lanto Barthelemy Rakototiana, Rajabo, Serge Gottot
BACKGROUND: Distance Learning (DL) is a means to overcome the barriers that prevent health workers access to medical education and training sessions to update their knowledge. The main objective of this study is to compare the knowledge acquisition among practitioners Heads of Health Based Center (HBC) for the management of hypertension in two training modalities, one interactive, via internet (by Visio conferencing and video Conferencing), and other non-interactive, via DVD in the three regions (Miarinarivo, Moramanga and Manjakandriana) of Madagascar...
September 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859922/the-role-of-multiorgan-procurement-for-abdominal-transplant-in-general-surgery-resident-education
#11
Johanna Bayer, Carol-Anne Moulton, Kimberley Monden, Robert M Goldstein, Gregory J McKenna, Giuliano Testa, Richard M Ruiz, Tiffany L Anthony, Nicholas Onaca, Goran B Klintmalm, Peter T W Kim
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of participation of multiorgan procurement (MP) by general surgery (GS) residents on surgical knowledge and skills, a prospective cohort study of GS residents during transplant surgery rotation was performed. METHODS: Before and after participation in MPs, assessment of knowledge was performed by written pre and post tests and surgical skills by modified Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS) score. Thirty-nine residents performed 84 MPs...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839300/sero-surveillance-of-dengue-in-the-city-lahore-pakistan
#12
Ejaz Mahmood Ahmad Qureshi, Amtul Bari Tabinda, Seemal Vehra
OBJECTIVE: To conduct sero-surveillance of dengue cases, and to find out the demographic and socio-economic status of dengue patients. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at the Institute of Public Health, Lahore, Pakistan, from July to December each year in 2011, 2012 and 2013, and comprised patients suspected to have dengue. Blood samples of dengue patients in five randomly selected union councils of the 10 towns of the city were subjected to the dengue test...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837943/low-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-rate-in-chinese-in-beijing-china
#13
Yingjun Xi, Runsen Chen, Fang Yan, Xin Ma, Jeffrey J Rakofsky, Lirong Tang, Hongli Guo, Xiaomei Wu, Xiaoqiang Li, Hong Zhu, Xiaobing Guo, Yang Yang, Peng Li, Xindong Cao, Haiying Li, Zhenbo Li, Ping Wang, Qiuyue Xu, Yilang Tang, Matthew R Broome
OBJECT: There have been significantly fewer community-based, epidemiological studies focusing on PTSD and its socio-demographic correlates among the Chinese than Western populations. METHOD: The multistage household cluster random sampling method was used to select participants from18 districts and counties in Beijing; a total of 16,032 participants were assessed; face-to-face interviews and data collection was conducted using the semi-structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders-Patient Edition (SCID-I/P)...
July 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828931/post-stroke-depression-different-characteristics-based-on-follow-up-stage-and-gender-a-cohort-perspective-study-from-mainland-china
#14
Zixuan Wang, Meifang Zhu, Zhaoping Su, Boyuan Guan, Anxin Wang, Yongjun Wang, Ning Zhang, Chunxue Wang
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a common and important comorbidity in patients after stroke. It negatively impacts stroke survivors' outcomes. Plenty of studies have investigated risk factors for PSD, especially sex differences. However, the results remain inconsistent. In this study, we explored the prevalence and risk factors for PSD both in the acute phase and the chronic phase of stroke, emphasizing on the impact of gender in PSD. METHODS: About 1094 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke were included in the study...
August 22, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819474/expanding-health-insurance-scheme-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria-awareness-as-a-potential-demand-side-tool
#16
David Ayobami Adewole, Saidat Abisola Akanbi, Kayode Omoniyi Osungbade, Segun Bello
INTRODUCTION: The implementation and expansion of a health insurance scheme in the informal sector, particularly in developing countries, is a challenge. With the aid of an innovative Information-Education and Communication model, titled 'Understanding the concept of health insurance: An innovative social marketing tool', an assessment of the awareness and perception of the scheme among market women was carried out. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive survey, carried out among market women in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816536/optimizing-lenvatinib-therapy-in-patients-with-metastatic-radioactive-iodine-resistant-differentiated-thyroid-cancers
#17
Sina Jasim, Nicole M Iniguez-Ariza, Crystal R Hilger, Ashish V Chintakuntlawar, Mabel M Ryder, John C Morris, Keith C Bible
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lenvatinib is approved for use in advanced radioactive iodine resistant differentiated thyroid cancers (RAIR-DTCs); its efficacy is indisputable, but toxicities are great, creating daunting challenges for patients and providers. Few data regarding early adverse events and impact on quality of life (QOL) exist; we sought to add clarity to these issues by analyzing our initial post-approval lenvatinib experience. METHODS: Standardized patient education was implemented, providing detailed instructions and expert provider contacts to facilitate timely reporting of toxicities and guide responsive actions...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790131/a-team-based-online-game-improves-blood-glucose-control-in-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
B Price Kerfoot, David R Gagnon, Graham T McMahon, Jay D Orlander, Katherine E Kurgansky, Paul R Conlin
OBJECTIVE: Rigorous evidence is lacking whether online games can improve patients' longer-term health outcomes. We investigated whether an online team-based game delivering diabetes self-management education (DSME) to patients via e-mail or mobile app can generate longer-term improvements in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients (n = 456) on oral diabetes medications with HbA1c ≥58 mmol/mol were randomly assigned between a DSME game (with a civics booklet) and a civics game (with a DSME booklet)...
August 8, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#19
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776532/etiology-and-outcome-of-moderate-to-massive-hemoptysis-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-of-north-india
#20
Ashish Bhalla, Ashok Kumar Pannu, Vikas Suri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiology of hemoptysis in patients presenting to emergency department of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India. METHOD: Prospectively 110 patients presenting to the emergency department with history of hemoptysis were screened for a period of one and half years. Out of these, 64 patients having true hemoptysis were enrolled in the study. The patients were clinically evaluated with detailed history...
July 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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