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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773308/collaboration-between-hospital-and-community-pharmacists-to-address-drug-related-problems-the-homecome-program
#1
Hendrik T Ensing, Ellen S Koster, Dasha J Dubero, Ad A van Dooren, Marcel L Bouvy
BACKGROUND: Hospital discharge poses a significant threat to the continuity of medication therapy and frequently results in drug-related problems post-discharge. Therefore, establishing continuity of care by realizing optimal collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the collaboration between hospital and community pharmacists on addressing drug-related problems after hospital discharge. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted between November 2013-December 2014 in a general hospital and all affiliated community pharmacies...
May 8, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772082/child-symptoms-parent-behaviors-and-family-strain-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#2
I-Chan Huang, Tara M Brinkman, Larry Mullins, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: How family environment and parental factors affect health status and symptoms in childhood cancer survivors is understudied. We examined the influence of family cohesion, parent distress, and overprotection on child symptom burden and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and family strain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). METHODS: Parents of 213 children treated with chemotherapy-only completed a survey when survivors were at least five-years post-diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764293/can-a-brief-biologically-based-psychoeducational-intervention-reduce-stigma-and-increase-help-seeking-intentions-for-depression-in-young-people-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Kerry A Howard, Kathleen M Griffiths, Rebecca McKetin, Jennifer Ma
There is disagreement in the literature as to whether biological attribution increases or decreases stigma. This study investigated the effect of an online biological intervention on stigma and help-seeking intentions for depression among adolescents. A three-arm, pre-post test, double-blind randomised controlled trial (RCT) was used to compare the effects of a biological and a psychosocial intervention delivered online. Participants comprised secondary school students (N = 327) aged 16-19 years. Outcome measures included anticipated self-stigma for depression (primary), personal stigma, help-seeking intention for depression, and biological and psychosocial attribution...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757085/short-videos-addressing-barriers-to-cooking-with-vegetables-in-young-adults-pilot-testing
#4
Monica Nour, Zilvia G Y Cheng, Jessica Lucy Farrow, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: Digital platforms offer innovative opportunities for nutrition education to motivate young adults to improve eating behaviors and practices. This study aimed to pilot test short educational cooking videos for dissemination through a smartphone designed to address barriers to home cooking and vegetable consumption among young adults. METHOD: Instructional videos (1-3 min) were produced and acceptability and perceived effectiveness for reducing barriers was investigated...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756960/socio-demographic-variables-and-underlying-pathologies-associated-to-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-children-in-a-secondary-tertiary-level-hospital
#5
Nelly Carolina Muñoz Esparza, Edgar Manuel Vasquez-Garibay, Alfredo Larrosa-Haro, Enrique Romero-Velarde
OBJECTIVE: the purpose was to evaluate the nutritional status in hospitalized children according to their socio-demographic variables, underlying pathology and based on hospital length of stay. METHODS: seven-hundred and sixty-three hospitalized patients of the Civil Hospital of Guadalajara Dr. Juan I. Menchaca were included in a cross-sectional study. The following anthropometric indices were taken: weight/length, weight/height, weight/age, length/age, height/age, head circumference/age and BMI/age...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756308/improving-adolescents-periodontal-health-evaluation-of-a-mobile-oral-health-app-associated-with-conventional-educational-methods-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Gisele Marchetti, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Willian Muniz do Nascimento, Geisla Mary Silva Soares, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a decisive period in the construction of new conduits. OBJECTIVE: The influence of an App associated with conventional educational methods in adolescents' oral health. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial including 291 participants (mean age = 16.1 years) in baseline. The study consisted of four phases. Interventions were evaluated through the knowledge score (KS) and oral indexes (OHI-S/GBI). KS was obtained through five affirmations about periodontal diseases applied in different moments (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test)...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752923/video-compared-to-conversational-contraceptive-counseling-during-labor-and-maternity-hospitalization-in-colombia-a-randomized-trial
#7
Alyssa R Hersh, Luisa F Muñoz, Mónica Rincón, Carolina Alvarez, Jorge E Tolosa, Diva J Moreno, Martha Rubio, Juan C Vargas, Francisco Edna, Nelson Taborda, Maureen K Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Assess if video-based contraceptive education could be an efficient adjunct to contraceptive counseling and attain the same contraceptive knowledge acquisition as conversation-based counseling. STUDY DESIGN: This was a multi-center randomized, controlled trial examining contraceptive counseling during labor and maternity hospitalization regarding the options of immediate postpartum contraception. At two urban public hospitals, we randomized participants to a structured conversation with a trained counselor or a 14-min video providing the same information...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747625/e-learning-or-educational-leaflet-does-it-make-a-difference-in-oral-health-promotion-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#8
Susan Al Bardaweel, Mayssoon Dashash
BACKGROUND: The early recognition of technology together with great ability to use computers and smart systems have promoted researchers to investigate the possibilities of utilizing technology for improving health care in children. The aim of this study was to compare between the traditional educational leaflets and E-applications in improving oral health knowledge, oral hygiene and gingival health in schoolchildren of Damascus city, Syria. METHODS: A clustered randomized controlled trial at two public primary schools was performed...
May 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#9
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739358/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-intervention-to-improve-the-wellbeing-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-study-protocol-for-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-their-environments-cope-in-the-australian-context
#10
Lindy Clemson, Kate Laver, Yun-Hee Jeon, Tracy A Comans, Justin Scanlan, Miia Rahja, Jennifer Culph, Lee-Fay Low, Sally Day, Monica Cations, Maria Crotty, Susan Kurrle, Catherine Piersol, Laura N Gitlin
BACKGROUND: There are effective non-pharmacological treatment programs that reduce functional disability and changed behaviours in people with dementia. However, these programs (such as the Care of People with dementia in their Environments (COPE) program) are not widely available. The primary aim of this study is to determine the strategies and processes that enable the COPE program to be implemented into existing dementia care services in Australia. METHODS: This study uses a mixed methods approach to test an implementation strategy...
May 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733345/assessing-the-value-of-a-multimedia-based-aesthetic-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-residency-a-single-center-pilot-study
#11
Joshua A David, William J Rifkin, Pierre B Saadeh, Sammy Sinno
Background: Although global demand for cosmetic surgery continues to rise, plastic surgery residents feel that current models of aesthetic training are inadequate in preparing them for future practice. Digital learning resources offer promising educational possibilities, yet there are no formal studies investigating the integration of these technologies into the aesthetic curriculum. Objectives: Here, we review the current state of aesthetic training for plastic surgery residents and present a pilot study investigating the value of a dedicated multimedia-based aesthetic curriculum at a single, large academic program...
May 4, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724613/perceptions-of-singaporean-patients-living-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#12
Sim Leng Ooi, Betsy Seah, Vivien Xi Wu, Karen Wei Ling Koh, Nana Jiao, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) as a preventive approach for high-risk patients with arrhythmias, little is known about the perceptions of ICD recipients regarding these devices and their impact on quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To explore perceptions towards quality of life, coping strategies, and learning needs of patients living with ICDs in Singapore. METHODS: 16 participants (age ranges 52 to 84 years old) were purposively recruited and interviewed individually for this exploratory qualitative study...
April 30, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721490/impact-of-a-diagonal-intervention-on-uptake-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-by-female-sex-workers-in-mozambique-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#13
Yves Lafort, Faustino Lessitala, Malica Sofia Ismael de Melo, Sally Griffin, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
Background: Female sex workers (FSWs) have high risks for adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes, yet low access to services. Within an implementation research project enhancing uptake of SRH services by FSWs, we piloted a "diagonal" intervention, which combined strengthening of FSW-targeted services (vertical) with making public health facilities more FSW-friendly (horizontal), and tested its effect. Methods: The study applied a convergent parallel mixed-methods design to assess changes in access to SRH services...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718171/improved-management-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-primary-care-using-e-alerts-and-an-educational-outreach-programme
#14
James Tollitt, Emma Flanagan, Sheila McCorkindale, Sam Glynn-Atkins, Lauren Emmett, Denise Darby, James Ritchie, Brandon Bennett, Smeeta Sinha, Dimitrios Poulikakos
Purpose: Acute kidney injury (AKI) detected in primary care is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. AKI electronic alerts (e-alerts) and educational programmes have recently been implemented but their contribution to improve AKI care is unknown. This project aimed to improve response to AKI detected in primary care and used a factorial design to evaluate the impact of the UK National Health Service (NHS) AKI e-alert and AKI educational outreach sessions on time to response to primary care AKI stages 2 and 3 between April and August 2016...
April 28, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714510/does-non-targeted-community-cpr-training-increase-bystander-cpr-frequency
#15
Amy Uber, Richard C Sadler, Todd Chassee, Joshua C Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: Only 37% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) receive bystander Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Kent County, MI. In May 2014, prehospital providers offered one-time, point-of-contact compression-only CPR training to 2,253 passersby at 7 public locations in Grand Rapids, Michigan. To assess the impact of this intervention, we compared bystander CPR frequency and clinical outcomes in regions surrounding training sites before and after the intervention, adjusting for prehospital covariates...
May 1, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708085/weekly-checks-improve-real-time-prehospital-ecg-transmission-in-suspected-stemi
#16
Nicole T D'Arcy, Nichole Bosson, Amy H Kaji, Quang T Bui, William J French, Joseph L Thomas, Yvonne Elizarraraz, Natalia Gonzalez, Jose Garcia, James T Niemann
IntroductionField identification of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and advanced hospital notification decreases first-medical-contact-to-balloon (FMC2B) time. A recent study in this system found that electrocardiogram (ECG) transmission following a STEMI alert was frequently unsuccessful.HypothesisInstituting weekly test ECG transmissions from paramedic units to the hospital would increase successful transmission of ECGs and decrease FMC2B and door-to-balloon (D2B) times. METHODS: This was a natural experiment of consecutive patients with field-identified STEMI transported to a single percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable hospital in a regional STEMI system before and after implementation of scheduled test ECG transmissions...
April 30, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694713/older-and-wiser-changes-in-unprofessional-content-on-urologists-social-media-from-residency-to-practice
#17
Kevin Koo, Max S Bowman, Zita Ficko, E Ann Gormley
OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in the frequency and nature of unprofessional content on urologists' Facebook accounts during the transition from residency to practice. METHODS: Facebook was queried with the names of all 2015 U.S. urology graduates one year after completion of residency. We identified unprofessional and potentially-objectionable content on the public Facebook accounts using a rubric based on professionalism guidelines by the American Urological Association, American Medical Association, and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education...
April 25, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679820/joy-guilt-and-disappointment-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-women-transferred-from-midwifery-led-to-consultant-led-care
#18
Patricia Larkin
BACKGROUND: Irish maternity services are predominantly medicalised and consultant led, therefore women who choose midwifery led care (MLC) do so in the context of limited birth choices. Transfers to consultant led unit (CLU) for consultant led care (CLC) can be unpredictable and can affect women's birth experiences. This study provides an in-depth exploration of women's experiences of transfer fromMLC to CLC during late pregnancy or labour. METHODS: Transfer experiences are explored through qualitative explorative in-depth interviews using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA)...
April 11, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671224/effectiveness-evaluation-of-additional-risk-minimization-measures-for-adolescent-use-of-aripiprazole-in-the-european-union-results-from-a-post-authorization-safety-study
#19
Wally Landsberg, Imad Al-Dakkak, Antonia Coppin-Renz, Uli Geis, Timothy Peters-Strickland, Emiel van Heumen, Mirza Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Two risk minimization (RM) tools-a healthcare professional frequently asked questions (HCP-FAQs) brochure and a patient/caregiver information brochure (PCIB)-were developed for HCPs and for adolescents (aged ≥ 13 years) receiving aripiprazole for bipolar I mania and their caregivers. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effectiveness of these RM tools in improving the awareness and education of HCPs and patients/caregivers. METHOD: The RM tools were distributed to HCPs (identified in agreement with the marketing authorization holder [MAH] and local regulatory authorities), who in turn distributed the PCIBs to patients/caregivers...
April 18, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667466/evaluation-of-a-modified-16-item-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses
#20
Tzu-Chieh Yu, Tanisha Jowsey, Marcus Henning
The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was developed to assess undergraduate readiness for engaging in interprofessional education (IPE). It has become an accepted and commonly used instrument. To determine utility of a modified 16-item RIPLS instrument, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Data used were collected from a pre- and post-intervention study involving 360 New Zealand undergraduate students from one university. Just over half of the participants were enrolled in medicine (51%) while the remainder were in pharmacy (27%) and nursing (22%)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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