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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161275/hiv-prevalence-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-the-sudan-people-s-liberation-army-data-from-south-sudan
#1
Lauren P Courtney, Norman Goco, John Woja, Tonya Farris, Chris Cummiskey, Emily Smith, Lia Makuach, Helen M Chun
OVERVIEW: After two decades of civil war, South Sudan has limited published data on HIV prevalence and behavioral determinants of HIV infection risk. A surge in HIV/AIDS prevalence is a real concern for this new country with limited access to medical or HIV preventive services, and low education and literacy levels. We present findings from the first bio-behavioral surveillance survey conducted within the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1,149 randomly selected soldiers from thirteen SPLA bases was conducted in two phases: July to August 2010 and April to May 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157000/pre-injury-psychosocial-and-demographic-predictors-of-long-term-functional-outcomes-post-tbi
#2
Katharine S Seagly, Rochelle L O'Neil, Robin A Hanks
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pre-injury psychosocial and demographic factors differentially influence long-term functional outcomes post-TBI. SETTING: Urban rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 149 individuals, ages 16-75, who sustained a mild complicated, moderate or severe TBI, were enrolled in a TBI Model System (TBIMS), and had functional outcome data five-15 years post-injury. DESIGN: Archival data were analysed with SPSS-18 using multiple regression to determine amount of variance accounted for in five functional domains...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155824/reducing-the-rate-of-cesarean-delivery-on-maternal-request-through-institutional-and-policy-interventions-in-wenzhou-china
#3
Yushan Yu, Xiangyang Zhang, Caixia Sun, Huijie Zhou, Qi Zhang, Chun Chen
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of institutional and policy interventions on reducing the rate of cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR) in Wenzhou, China. Institutional interventions included health education, painless delivery introduction, and doula care. Additionally, a series of health policies were developed by the Chinese central and local governments to control cesarean section rates, mostly through controlling CDMR rates. We conducted a pre-/post-intervention study using 131,312 deliveries between 2006 and 2014 in three tertiary-level public hospitals in Wenzhou, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145583/association-between-the-severity-of-diabetic-retinopathy-and-falls-in-an-asian-population-with-diabetes-the-singapore-epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-study
#4
Preeti Gupta, Amudha Aravindhan, Alfred T L Gan, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Paul Mitchell, Nicholas Tan, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: The presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) may contribute to the risk of falling in persons with diabetes, but evidence is currently equivocal. Objective: To investigate the associations of diabetes and DR severity with the likelihood of falls in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of participants from 3 ethnic groups (3280 Malay, 3400 Indian, and 3353 Chinese individuals) conducted from 2004 to 2011...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#5
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122148/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-aerobic-exercise-as-an-adjunct-to-ocd-treatment
#6
Ana M Abrantes, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Nicole McLaughlin, Sarah L Garnaat, Maria Mancebo, Deborah Riebe, Julie Desaulniers, Agustin G Yip, Steven Rasmussen, Benjamin D Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of aerobic exercise for decreasing OCD symptom severity, other mental health outcomes, and increasing exercise behaviors and cardiorespiratory fitness among individuals with OCD. METHOD: Fifty-six patients (64% female; mean age=38.8years) with OCD and a Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) score of 16 or greater despite engaging in OCD treatment were randomized to 12-weeks of supervised plus home-based moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (AE; n=28) or to 12-weeks of health education sessions (HE; n=28)...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117858/measuring-improvement-in-knowledge-of-drug-policy-reforms-following-a-police-education-program-in-tijuana-mexico
#7
J Arredondo, S A Strathdee, J Cepeda, D Abramovitz, I Artamonova, E Clairgue, E Bustamante, M L Mittal, T Rocha, A Bañuelos, H O Olivarria, M Morales, G Rangel, C Magis, L Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Mexico's 2009 "narcomenudeo reform" decriminalized small amounts of drugs, shifting some drug law enforcement to the states and mandating drug treatment diversion instead of incarceration. Data from Tijuana suggested limited implementation of this harm reduction-oriented policy. We studied whether a police education program (PEP) improved officers' drug and syringe policy knowledge, and aimed to identify participant characteristics associated with improvement of drug policy knowledge...
November 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114343/the-canada-guyana-medical-education-partnership-using-videoconferencing-to-supplement-post-graduate-medical-education-among-internal-medicine-trainees
#8
William Stokes, Shannon Ruzycki, Ramdeo Jainarine, Debra Isaac, Joanna Cole
Background: A Guyana-based, internal medicine (IM) post-graduate medical education program was established in 2013. However, lack of formal teaching sessions are barriers to the program's success. Objective: To describe the partnership between the University of Calgary and the University of Guyana's internal medicine residency programs (IMRP). This partnership was created to support the Guyana's IM academic half-day and is characterized by mutually beneficial, resident-led videoconference teaching sessions...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105516/does-a-cycling-program-combined-with-education-and-followed-by-coaching-promote-physical-activity-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Christel Vanroy, Yves Vanlandewijck, Patrick Cras, Steven Truijen, Dirk Vissers, Anke Swinnen, Matthieu Bosmans, Kristien Wouters, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a three month active cycling program followed by coaching on physical activity in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 59; mean age =65.4 ± 10.3) aged ≤80 years with first stroke and able to cycle at 50 revolutions/minute enrolled 3-10 weeks post stroke. Patients were randomly allocated to three month active cycling group (n = 33) or to a control group (n = 26), 3 x 30 minutes training/week...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103193/implementation-of-project-students-are-sun-safe-sass-in-rural-high-schools-along-the-arizona-mexico-border
#10
Lois J Loescher, Sarah Rawdin, Tashina Machain, Gail Emrick, Alice Pasvogel, Denise Spartonos, Riley E Johnson, David Campas
The incidence of skin cancer is raising in Hispanics/Latinos, which is a concern for Hispanics/Latinos living in Arizona, a state with a high amount of ultraviolet radiation exposure. There is a dearth of research on skin cancer prevention education for Hispanic/Latino adolescents in high school. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework, academic and community partners conducted a project to adapt an existing efficacious skin cancer prevention program, Project Students are Sun Safe (SASS) and the current SASS online training model, for dissemination to predominantly Hispanic/Latino students attending high schools in rural southeastern Arizona, located along the Arizona-Mexico border...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101841/the-mediating-role-of-changes-in-harm-beliefs-and-coping-efficacy-in-youth-with-specific-phobias
#11
Thomas H Ollendick, Sarah M Ryan, Nicole N Capriola-Hall, Lena Reuterskiöld, Lars-Göran Öst
Individuals with specific phobias (SPs) often experience catastrophic cognitions and compromised efficacy regarding their ability to cope when in the presence of the phobic object/situation. In the current study, 165 children (7-16 years; 62% male) received either One Session Treatment or Educational Support Therapy for their SP. The children identified their feared belief and rated "how bad" it was, "how likely" it was to occur, and their ability to cope if it did occur. All of these ratings were reduced from pre-treatment to 6-month follow-up, across both treatment conditions...
October 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083017/pulmonary-prevention-program-in-the-proszowice-county-description-and-results
#12
Wojciech Skucha, Filip Mejza, Pawel Nastalek, Zbigniew Doniec
INTRODUCTION: In the Proszowice county, both lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more common in comparison with other regions of Poland. The purpose of this study was to provide a report on a prevention program carried out in the area to reduce the burden of COPD and lung cancer in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The program consisted of the following: active prevention - questionnaire survey offered to every county inhabitant aged at least 40 and chest X-ray and spirometry performed in selected subjects; and passive prevention - covering multiple educational activities promoting healthy lifestyle...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082374/the-effects-of-training-on-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-breast-cancer-and-early-diagnosis-methods-among-women
#13
Meryem Yılmaz, Yazile Sayın, Hatice Öner Cengiz
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female malignancy in the world and Turkey. Its prevalence and mortality are surprisingly increasing at a rapid rate. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of training sessions on women's knowledge of relevant risk factors of BC and screening methods, screening behaviors and health beliefs among of healthy women in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, in order to establish the efficiency of BC training, a semi-empirical single group pre-test & post-test research model was used...
October 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#14
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079413/return-to-the-workforce-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-danish-nationwide-cohort-study
#15
Jawad H Butt, Rasmus Rørth, Kristian Kragholm, Søren L Kristensen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
BACKGROUND: Returning to the workforce after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) holds important socioeconomic consequences not only for patients, but the society as well. Yet data on this issue are limited. We examined return to the workforce and associated factors in patients of working age undergoing CABG. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide administrative registries, we identified 6031 patients of working age (18-60years) undergoing isolated CABG (1998-2011) who were part of the workforce 30days prior to admission and alive at discharge...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075949/understanding-the-perception-of-islamic-medicine-among-the-malaysian-muslim-community
#16
Khadher Ahmad, Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin, Fauzi Deraman, Sedek Ariffin, Mustaffa Abdullah, Monika Munirah Abd Razzak, M Y Zulkifli Mohd Yusoff, Meguellati Achour
This study was conducted to identify and describe the patients' perceptions of Islamic medicine based on gender, age, marital, educational level and working status among the Malaysian Muslim population. A nationwide interviewer-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013. An open-ended questionnaire pertaining to Islamic medicine was used to increase the probability of capturing maximum data. This survey implemented a multistage design, stratified by state, proportionate to the size of the state population and was representative of the Malaysian population...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071569/a-community-based-street-team-tobacco-cessation-intervention-by-and-for-youth-and-young-adults
#17
Anne Saw, Crystal N Steltenpohl, Kimberly Bankston-Lee, Elisa K Tong
Most tobacco users initiate use as youth or young adults. To promote tobacco cessation for this group and encourage non-users' engagement in tobacco control efforts, a community-based organization developed a "Street Team" brief outreach intervention that enlisted youth and young adults to encourage their peers to stop tobacco use through a brief intervention. Street Team members provided education, a Quit Kit, and referrals to cessation resources at a total of 27 community events over a four-year period. Tobacco users (n = 279) completed assessments of tobacco use, quit intention, and quit self-efficacy at baseline...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040811/mobile-emergency-simulation-training-for-rural-health-providers
#18
Douglas Martin, Brent Bekiaris, Gregory Hansen
INTRODUCTION: Mobile emergency simulation offers innovative continuing medical educational support to regions that may lack access to such opportunities. Furthermore, satisfaction is a critical element for active learning. Together, the authors evaluated Canadian rural healthcare providers' satisfaction from high fidelity emergency simulation training using a modified motorhome as a mobile education unit (MEU). METHODS: Over a 5-month period, data was collected during 14 educational sessions in nine different southern Manitoban communities...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037970/early-years-postgraduate-surgical-training-programmes-in-the-uk-are-failing-to-meet-national-quality-standards-an-analysis-from-the-asit-bota-lost-tribe-prospective-cohort-study-of-2-569-surgical-trainees
#19
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess training of Senior House Officer-grade equivalent doctors in postgraduate surgical training or service (SHO-DIPST) in surgical specialties across the United Kingdom (UK), against nationally agreed Joint Committee on Surgical Training Quality Indicators (JCST QIs). Specific recommendations are made, with a view to improving quality of training, workforce retention and recruitment to Higher Surgical Training. METHOD: Prospective, observational, multicentre study conducted by the Association of Surgeons in Training, using the UK National Research Collaborative model...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021714/enhancing-utility-and-understanding-of-evidence-based-practice-through-undergraduate-nurse-education
#20
Joanne Reid, Jordan Briggs, Susan Carlisle, David Scott, Claire Lewis
BACKGROUND: The concept of evidence-based practice is globally relevant in current healthcare climates. However, students and teachers struggle with integrating evidence based practice effectively into a curriculum. This has implications for nurse education and in particular the way in which research is presented and delivered to students. A new undergraduate Evidence Based Practice module (Evidence Based Nursing 1) was developed in a large University within the United Kingdom. It commenced in October 2014 running in year one of a 3 year undergraduate nursing programme...
2017: BMC Nursing
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