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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#1
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727224/a-mixed-methods-study-to-explore-the-supportive-care-needs-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
K K F Cheng, H L Cheng, W H Wong, C Koh
BACKGROUND: Needs assessment is the essence of quality cancer survivorship care. The aim of this study was to explore the supportive care needs of breast cancer survivors (BCS) in the first five years post-treatment. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was employed. A quantitative study included a Supportive Care Needs Survey, which was completed by 250 BCS to identify the level of their needs for help. The quantitative data informed semi-structured qualitative interviews undertaken with 60 BCS to explore in details their post-treatment needs and experiences...
July 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725205/school-functioning-of-a-particularly-vulnerable-group-children-and-young-people-in-residential-child-care
#3
Carla González-García, Susana Lázaro-Visa, Iriana Santos, Jorge F Del Valle, Amaia Bravo
A large proportion of the children and young people in residential child care in Spain are there as a consequence of abuse and neglect in their birth families. Research has shown that these types of adverse circumstances in childhood are risk factors for emotional and behavioral problems, as well as difficulties in adapting to different contexts. School achievement is related to this and represents one of the most affected areas. Children in residential child care exhibit extremely poor performance and difficulties in school functioning which affects their transition to adulthood and into the labor market...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724510/social-media-engagement-and-hiv-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Bolin Cao, Chuncheng Liu, Maya Durvasula, Weiming Tang, Stephen Pan, Adam J Saffer, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many interventions find that social media engagement with health promotion materials can translate into behavioral changes. However, only a few studies have examined the ways in which specific actions on various social media platforms are correlated with health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between social media use and HIV testing behaviors among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: In July 2016, a Web-based survey was conducted to recruit MSM in 8 Chinese cities through Blued (Blue City Holdings Ltd...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722339/structured-pain-management-reduces-patient-discomfort-after-catheter-ablation-and-rhythm-device-surgery
#5
M Dörschner, A Bollmann, B Dinov, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, A Müssigbrodt, S Kircher, N Dagres, P Sommer, G Hindricks, K Bode
BACKGROUND: The goal was to test the effectiveness of a structured pain management programme after invasive electrophysiological interventions in cardiology including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT) and implantation, or explantation, of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. METHODS: This was a prospective study with a pre-/post-design where a post-intervention group (116 consecutive patients) was compared to a pre-intervention group (102 consecutive patients) after implementation of a structured pain-management programme using the numeric rating scale (NRS 0-10) and classified as moderate-to-severe if NRS > 3...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#6
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710057/images-of-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-on-instagram-identified-by-the-hashtag-swisher-thematic-analysis
#7
Jon-Patrick Allem, Patricia Escobedo, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Little cigar and cigarillo use is becoming more prevalent in the United States and elsewhere, with implications for public health. As little cigar and cigarillo use grows in popularity, big social media data (eg, Instagram, Google Web Search, Twitter) can be used to capture and document the context in which individuals use, and are marketed, these tobacco products. Big social media data may allow people to organically demonstrate how and why they use little cigars and cigarillos, unprimed by a researcher, without instrument bias and at low costs...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696479/a-web-based-game-for-teaching-facial-expressions-to-schizophrenic-patients
#8
Kemal Hakan Gülkesen, Filiz Isleyen, Buket Cinemre, Mehmet Kemal Samur, Semiha Sen Kaya, Nese Zayim
BACKGROUND: Recognizing facial expressions is an important social skill. In some psychological disorders such as schizophrenia, loss of this skill may complicate the patient's daily life. Prior research has shown that information technology may help to develop facial expression recognition skills through educational software and games. OBJECTIVES: To examine if a computer game designed for teaching facial expressions would improve facial expression recognition skills of patients with schizophrenia...
July 12, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695971/transfusion-requirements-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-preexisting-blood-dyscrasia
#9
Martin Roche, Tsun Yee Law, Samuel Rosas, Augustus J Rush, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of studies investigating the incidence of transfusions in various blood dyscrasias after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was: 1) to compare the incidence of transfusion post-TKA in patients with and without blood dyscrasia; 2) to compare the post-TKA transfusion incidence of patients with the various individual blood dyscrasias; and 3) to stratify the findings based on gender and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a Medicare database for patients with preexisting blood dyscrasia was conducted...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#10
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
July 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690700/effects-of-staff-education-and-standardizing-dosing-and-collection-times-on-vancomycin-trough-appropriateness-in-ward-patients
#11
Drayton A Hammond, Lexis N Atkinson, Taylor B James, Jacob T Painter, Katherine Lusardi
BACKGROUND: Many institutions have guidelines for initiation and monitoring, but not timing, of vancomycin. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate vancomycin trough collection appropriateness before and after an initiative to change the dosing and trough collection times in ward patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of ward patients from May 2014-16 who received scheduled intravenous vancomycin was performed. Nurse managers and pharmacists provided staff education...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689733/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-a-single-center-in-mainland-china
#12
Pankaj Kumar Hans, Wei Guan, Shibo Lin, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is at present the most popular bariatric procedure due to its significant weight loss, remission of co-morbidities, and acceptable morbidity. But, there are not many studies showing its long term efficacy and safety in Chinese patients. The aim of this study is to give five results of LSG in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity (Type 2 diabetes mellitus) resolution and possible complications from a single center in mainland China...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677429/-always-persevere-and-innovate
#13
(no author information available yet)
Dave Clarke qualified as a registered nurse in 1992 and a registered sick children's nurse in 1995. Specialising in intensive care, he helped open the children's intensive therapy unit at Leicester Royal Infirmary in 1996 and worked as a senior clinical nurse before moving into education. After working at Cardiff University for 16 years, rising to deputy head of school for education and students, he took up his current post as the first professor of nursing at the University of Leicester.
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673437/-i-didn-t-want-to-let-it-go-too-far-the-decisions-and-experiences-of-people-who-inject-drugs-who-received-a-liver-disease-assessment-as-part-of-a-liver-health-promotion-campaign-the-liverlife-study
#14
Alison D Marshall, Jason Grebely, Gregory J Dore, Carla Treloar
BACKGROUND: An open cohort study (LiveRLife) evaluating an intervention integrating non-invasive liver disease assessment via transient elastography (TE) among people who inject drugs (PWID) was conducted in New South Wales, Australia. Participant follow-up occurred 2-16 weeks post-enrolment. It is imperative that PWID understand liver assessment results in order to make informed decisions about their health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the decisions and experiences of participants who received a liver disease assessment, including interpretation of TE score and subsequent health behaviours, using a health literacy framework...
June 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660719/a-community-health-worker-delivered-intervention-in-african-american-women-with-type-2-diabetes-a-12-month-randomized-trial
#15
Lesley D Lutes, Doyle M Cummings, Kerry Littlewood, Emily Dinatale, Bertha Hambidge
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW)-delivered lifestyle intervention for African American women with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Participants were randomized to either 16 phone-based lifestyle intervention sessions aimed at making small changes in their diet and activity or 16 educational mailings sent across 12 months. Main outcomes included glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and weight (kg) changes. RESULTS: Two hundred middle-aged (mean = 53 ± 10...
June 29, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657659/current-status-of-cadaver-sources-in-turkey-and-a-wake-up-call-for-turkish-anatomists
#16
İlke Ali Gürses, Osman Coşkun, Adnan Öztürk
Persisting difficulties in body procurement in Turkey led to the acquisition of donated, unclaimed, autopsied, and imported bodies regulated under current legislature. Yet, no study had investigated the extent of the on-going cadaver problem. This study was aimed to outline cadaver sources in anatomy departments and their effectiveness by means of an online survey. Additionally, official websites of each department were investigated regarding any information on body donation. Unclaimed cadavers (84.8%) were the major source for anatomy departments, followed by donated (50%) and imported cadavers (39...
June 28, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649935/evidence-of-sub-optimal-sleep-in-adolescent-middle-eastern-academy-soccer-players-which-is-exacerbated-by-sleep-intermission-proximal-to-dawn
#17
Peter M Fowler, Darren J Paul, Gustavo Tomazoli, Abdulaziz Farooq, Richard Akenhead, Lee Taylor
The purpose was to assess sleep patterns, quantity and quality in adolescent (16.2 ± 1.2 yr) Middle Eastern academy soccer players (n = 20) and the influence of an intermission upon these characteristics. On a 17-day training camp (located one time zone west of home) including three discrete matches, sleep was assessed pre- (PRE) and post-match (POST) via wrist actigraphy. Retrospective actigraphy analysis identified sleep characteristics, including if players experienced a sleep intermission (YES) or not (NO) proximal to dawn, and bedtime (hh:mm), get-up time (hh:mm), time in bed (h), sleep duration (h) and sleep efficiency (%)...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649765/next-creating-an-interdisciplinary-alliance-to-diminish-informational-barriers-for-public-health-nursing
#18
Emily M Johnson, Krista Jones, Patricia Eathington, Carmen Howard, Rebecca Raszewski, Naomi M Twigg
BACKGROUND: Public health nurses (PHNs) are challenged in obtaining opportunities to learn evidence-based practice (EBP). An interdisciplinary alliance was created between health sciences librarians and nurse educators to create a continuing education (CE) opportunity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of CE training for PHNs on the knowledge gained about the EBP process and information resources. METHODS: Ten in-person CE workshops were offered to 69 attendees in rural and urban areas...
June 25, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#19
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#20
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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