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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#1
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#2
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634630/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-for-non-technical-skills-evaluation-in-robotic-surgery-the-icars-system
#3
Nicholas Raison, Thomas Wood, Oliver Brunckhorst, Takashige Abe, Talisa Ross, Ben Challacombe, Mohammed Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Nicolo Buffi, Henk Van Der Poel, Craig McIlhenny, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Non-technical skills (NTS) are being increasingly recognised as vital for safe surgical practice. Numerous NTS rating systems have been developed to support effective training and assessment. Yet despite the additional challenges posed by robotic surgery, no NTS rating systems have been developed for this unique surgical environment. This study reports the development and validation of the first NTS behavioural rating system for robotic surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive index of all relevant NTS behaviours in robotic surgery was developed through observation of robotic theatre and interviews with robotic surgeons...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633054/men-and-women-with-psychosis-and-the-impact-of-illness-duration-on-sex-differences-the-second-australian-national-survey-of-psychosis
#4
Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Natalie Single, Clare Coleman, Vera A Morgan, Susan M Cotton, Helen J Stain, David J Castle
We aimed to examine and compare sex-differences in people receiving treatment for psychotic illnesses in community settings, based on long or short duration of illness; expecting association between longer illness-duration and worse outcomes in women and men. Clinical, demographic and service-use data from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis were analysed by sex and duration of illness (≤5 years; ≥6 years), using independent t-tests, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVA, and Cramer's V. Of the 1825 participants, 47% had schizophrenia, 17...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617740/academic-productivity-knowledge-and-education-in-plastic-surgery-the-benefit-of-the-clinical-research-fellow
#5
Martin J Carney, Jason M Weissler, Peter F Koltz, John P Fischer, Liza C Wu, Joseph M Serletti
Academic research productivity is limited by strenuous resident and faculty schedules, yet is imperative to the growth and success of our discipline. We report institutional experience with our clinical research fellowship model, providing two positions per year.A critical analysis of research productivity was performed for all trainees, faculty, and research fellows from 2000-2015. All articles in-print were individually collected to identify academic appointment at time of publication for the authors. Academic productivity was determined by number of peer-reviewed publications, podium presentations, and h-index...
June 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616882/bullying-among-18-to-23-year-old-women-in-2013
#6
Natalie Townsend, Jennifer Powers, Deborah Loxton
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of bullying among women aged 18-23 in 2013, and to describe the demographic characteristics, health and risk factors of those who experienced bullying. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis using data from the 1989-95 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health, a nationally representative cohort (n=16,801). RESULTS: More than one-quarter of women (28.4%) indicated they had never been bullied, 53...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615002/effect-of-a-simulation-based-workshop-on-breaking-bad-news-for-anesthesiology-residents-an-intervention-study
#7
Vanda Yazbeck Karam, Hanane Barakat, Marie Aouad, Ilene Harris, Yoon Soo Park, Nazih Youssef, John Jack Boulet, Ara Tekian
BACKGROUND: Breaking bad news (BBN) to patients and their relatives is a complex and stressful task. The ideal structure, training methods and assessment instruments best used to teach and assess BBN for anesthesiology residents remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an education intervention for BBN based on immersive experiences with a high fidelity simulator and role-play with standardized patients (SPs). A secondary purpose is to gather validity evidence to support the use of a GRIEV_ING instrument to assess BBN skills...
June 14, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613953/correlates-of-verbal-learning-and-memory-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Velisa M Johnson, Jacobus Donders
This study examined the role of injury-related variables, socioeconomic disadvantage, and preexisting conditions on verbal learning and memory in a sample of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We also explored the mediating effect of processing speed and working memory. One hundred children aged 7-16 years (M = 13.46, SD = 2.78) completed a neuropsychological assessment between 1-12 months post injury. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted on domains comprising the four-factor model of the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C)...
June 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606624/-impact-of-education-program-and-clinical-posting-in-psychiatry-on-medical-students-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-disorders
#9
N Simon, H Verdoux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether a medical student education program and clinical posting in psychiatry had an impact on medical students' stigmatizing attitudes towards psychiatry and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medical students from the University of Bordeaux were recruited during their 4-year course at the beginning of the academic education program in psychiatry. Medical students who were concomitantly in a clinical posting in wards of psychiatry or neurology were invited to participate in the study...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605275/exploring-social-work-student-education-the-effect-of-a-harm-reduction-curriculum-on-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-opioid-use-disorders
#10
Anthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, M Taqi Tirmazi, Sapphire Goodman, Tracy Cudjoe
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the degree to which a harm reduction intervention course module impacted MSW students' knowledge and attitudes towards addressing opioid use disorder issues and clients. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, data from 124 MSW students was collected between 2011 and 2015. Students completed a 3 hour-course module that focused on harm reduction (HR) philosophy and interventions specifically for opioid use disorders. Students completed pre and posttest of the Harm Reduction Attitude Scale...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598446/construction-of-multiple-choice-questions-before-and-after-an-educational-intervention
#11
K Tenzin, T Dorji, T Tenzin
INTRODUCTION: Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan, established in 2014, has ushered in a new era in medical education in Bhutan. Multiple Choice Questions are a common means of written assessment in medical education. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted at the Faculty of Postgraduate Medicine, KGUMSB, Thimphu in December 2016. A total of 8 MCQs were prepared by four teaching faculties from different fields who had no prior training on construction of MCQs...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589302/implementation-of-an-institutional-protocol-to-improve-inferior-vena-cava-utilization-and-outcomes
#12
Amihai Rottenstreich, Ariela Arad, Naama Lev Cohain, Allan I Bloom, David Varon, Alexander Klimov, Batia Roth, Yosef Kalish
To evaluate the impact of an institutional protocol on patterns of use and outcomes of inferior vena cava filters (IVCF). Following a multidisciplinary effort, an institutional protocol involving dedicated follow-up of patients receiving IVCF and a physician education program regarding IVCF utilization, was established. We prospectively collected data of patients who received IVCF during 2015-2016, following protocol implementation (POST group). For comparison, we reviewed records of patients who received IVCF during 2009-2014, before implementation of the institutional protocol (PRE group)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568968/effect-of-known-history-of-heart-disease-on-survival-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#13
Magdalene Hm Lee, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Win Wah, Sang Do Shin, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Ghulam Yasin Naroo, Kwanhathai Darin Wong, Ling Tiah, Apichaya Monsomboon, Fahad J Siddiqui, Marcus Eh Ong
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of known heart disease on post-out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival outcomes, and its association with factors influencing survival. METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective study involving an OHCA database from seven Asian countries in 2009-2012. Heart disease was defined as a documented diagnosis of coronary artery disease or congenital heart disease. Patients with non-traumatic arrests for whom resuscitation was attempted and with known medical histories were included...
May 31, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567411/mobile-based-blended-learning-for-capacity-building-of-health-providers-in-rural-afghanistan
#14
Syeda Nateela Tirmizi, Shariq Khoja, Scott Patten, Abdul Wahab Yousafzai, Richard E Scott, Hammad Durrani, Wafa Khoja, Nida Husyin
BACKGROUND: Mobile-based blended learning initiative was launched in November 2014 in Badakshan province of Afghanistan by Tech4Life Enterprises, Aga Khan Health Service, Afghanistan (AKHS, A), and the University of Calgary, Canada. The goal of this initiative was to improve knowledge of health providers related to four major mental health problems, namely depression, psychosis, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and drug abuse. METHODS: This paper presents the results of quasi-experimental study conducted in 4 intervention districts in Badakshan for improvement in the knowledge among health providers about depression...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561263/providing-teachers-with-education-on-epilepsy-increased-their-willingness-to-handle-acute-seizures-in-children-from-1-10-years-of-age
#15
Henriette Karoline Dumeier, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Matthias Karl Bernhard, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Thilo Bertsche, Astrid Bertsche
AIM: In Germany, preschool teachers supervise children up to six years of age and are also responsible for supervising older pupils after school. This study explored the impact of a teaching session on epilepsy for teachers in charge of children from 1-10 years of age. METHODS: We evaluated the benefit of a teaching session offered to all preschool teachers in Leipzig, Germany, in 2014-2015, by asking them to complete the same questionnaire 12-24 months pre-intervention, and 12 months post-intervention...
May 31, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561193/success-rates-in-a-diabetes-specialist-nurse-led-education-programme-re-setting-the-glucostat
#16
A H Heald, S G Anderson, A Khan, J Stocker, S Davies, K Bliss, M Livingston, P Donnelly
Analysis of National Diabetes Audit data from 2011-2012 of newly diagnosed people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) found low initial success rates in much of the UK at 20% on initial training, while an unusually high success rate of 75% achieving target HbA1C<58 mmol/mol (< 7.5%) was found in Cheshire (England average=40.8%). We present a review of the approach taken by the Cheshire Diabetes team in the 12 months following diagnosis. Between 2012 and 2013, 15 consecutive newly diagnosed people with type 1 DM were followed up for 18 months...
May 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557846/adolescent-motor-vehicle-crash-prevention-through-a-trauma-centered-based-intervention-program
#17
Cathline Layba, Lance Griffin, Daniel Jupiter, Charles Mathers, William Mileski
Traumatic injuries account for millions of emergency room visits and hospital admissions annually. Motor vehicle crashes (MVC) remain a leading cause of mortality between the ages of one to 44. With the popularity of smart devices, drivers are ever more distracted on the road. Programs that educate drivers on safe actions and to raise awareness of the perils of drunk and distracted driving exist, but there is little data that demonstrates a reduction in motor vehicle injury rates. We sought to determine if the implementation of such a program in our community would impact the rates of MVCs...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542636/influence-of-learning-styles-on-the-practical-performance-after-the-four-step-basic-life-support-training-approach-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Hanna Schröder, Alexandra Henke, Lina Stieger, Stefan Beckers, Henning Biermann, Rolf Rossaint, Saša Sopka
BACKGROUND: Learning and training basic life support (BLS)-especially external chest compressions (ECC) within the BLS-algorithm-are essential resuscitation training for laypersons as well as for health care professionals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of learning styles on the performance of BLS and to identify whether all types of learners are sufficiently addressed by Peyton's four-step approach for BLS training. METHODS: A study group of first-year medical students (n = 334) without previous medical knowledge was categorized according to learning styles using the German Lernstilinventar questionnaire based on Kolb's Learning Styles Inventory...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538983/assocation-of-a-surgical-task-during-training-with-team-skill-acquisition-among-surgical-residents-the-missing-piece-in-multidisciplinary-team-training
#19
Jessica L Sparks, Dustin L Crouch, Kathryn Sobba, Douglas Evans, Jing Zhang, James E Johnson, Ian Saunders, John Thomas, Sarah Bodin, Ashley Tonidandel, Jeff Carter, Carl Westcott, R Shayn Martin, Amy Hildreth
Importance: The human patient simulators that are currently used in multidisciplinary operating room team training scenarios cannot simulate surgical tasks because they lack a realistic surgical anatomy. Thus, they eliminate the surgeon's primary task in the operating room. The surgical trainee is presented with a significant barrier when he or she attempts to suspend disbelief and engage in the scenario. Objective: To develop and test a simulation-based operating room team training strategy that challenges the communication abilities and teamwork competencies of surgeons while they are engaged in realistic operative maneuvers...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536092/a-personalized-and-interactive-web-based-health-care-innovation-to-advance-the-quality-of-life-and-care-of-patients-with-heart-failure-acquire-hf-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#20
Susanne S Pedersen, Thomas Schmidt, Søren Jensen Skovbakke, Uffe Kock Wiil, Kenneth Egstrup, Kim G Smolderen, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a progressive, debilitating, and complex disease, and due to an increasing incidence and prevalence, it represents a global health and economic problem. Hence, there is an urgent need to evaluate alternative care modalities to current practice to safeguard a high level of care for this growing population. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine the feasibility of engaging patients to use patient-centered and personalized tools coupled with a Web-based, shared care and interactive platform in order to empower and enable them to live a better life with their disease...
May 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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