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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791451/exploring-adverse-parent-child-relationships-from-the-perspective-of-convicted-child-murderers-a-south-african-qualitative-study
#1
Bianca Dekel, Naeemah Abrahams, Michelle Andipatin
Child homicide is the most extreme form of violence against children. Within South Africa, children face the highest risk of homicide by parents/caregivers. It is suggested that prolonged exposure to adverse relationships with one's own parents may be linked to committing child homicide as it may lead to psychological damage and disturb neurological functioning. This paper explores the adverse parent-child relationships of 22 men and women incarcerated for the murder of either a biological child, a stepchild or a child in their care and draws on 49 in-depth interviews with these participants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781529/attachment-based-interventions-for-families-with-young-children
#2
REVIEW
Susan S Woodhouse
Given a large body of research indicating links between child attachment and later mental health outcomes, interventions that promote children's secure attachment to their caregivers have the potential to contribute to prevention of psychopathology and promotion of well-being. A number of attachment-based interventions have been developed to support parents, enhance caregiving quality, and promote children's attachment security with the aim of improving children's mental health. There is now a growing evidence base to support the efficacy of a number of these interventions...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781523/a-case-study-illustrating-the-use-of-an-attachment-video-feedback-intervention-strategy
#3
George M Tarabulsy, Karine Dubois-Comtois, Claire Baudry, Ellen Moss, Annie Roberge, Laura-Emilie Savage, Chantal Cyr, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier
Children from high-risk environments are more likely to experience problems in development. Many difficulties are linked to early experiences in the context of the emerging attachment relationship. Over the past 20 years, our group has collaborated with government agencies to develop and implement an attachment-based video-feedback intervention strategy (AVI) that targets parental sensitivity and attachment. This case study presents the manner in which a young mother and her 6-month-old son experienced AVI...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781522/learning-to-provide-children-with-a-secure-base-and-a-safe-haven-the-circle-of-security-parenting-cos-p-group-intervention
#4
Monica Kim, Susan S Woodhouse, Chenchen Dai
Insecure attachment is linked to a host of negative child outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) is a manualized, video-based, eight unit, group parenting intervention to promote children's attachment security. COS-P was designed to be easily implemented, so as to make attachment interventions more widely available to families. We present the theoretical background of COS-P, research evidence supporting the COS approach, as well as a description of the COS-P intervention protocol...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781521/working-with-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-and-sensitive-discipline-vipp-sd-a-case-study
#5
Femmie Juffer, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD), based on attachment theory and social learning theory, is an intervention aimed at enhancing sensitivity and firm limit setting in parents, and reducing behavior problems in children. The VIPP-SD program has been tested in populations of vulnerable children and parents at risk in twelve randomized controlled trials, and shows significant effects on both positive parenting and child outcomes. Here, we present a case study of an adoptive mother and her two-and-a-half-year-old adopted daughter...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780233/spinal-meningeal-melanocytoma-in-a-5-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Ahmed M Salah El-Din, Hashem M Aboul-Ela, Mohamed F Alsawy, Ahmed Koheil, Ahmed H Ashry
Background: Meningeal melanocytoma is considered a rare lesion arising from leptomeningeal melanocytes. Nearly two thirds of meningeal melanocytomas were reported in the intracranial compartment and the remaining one third in the spine. Spinal melanocytomas can be extradural or intradural, with extradural variant being more common, and the majority of cases have been single reports. Methods: A 5-year-old male presented with a 4-month history of non-radiating low back pain persistent at rest, with otherwise non-remarkable medical history...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#7
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770451/pregnancy-parity-and-periodontal-disease
#8
REVIEW
Emma L Morelli, Jonathan M Broadbent, Jonathan W Leichter, W Murray Thomson
The belief that a woman's dental health is likely to deteriorate through having children remains common and may originate from the old wives' tale "a tooth per child". As recently as 2005, about 1 in 5 US mothers believed this.1 Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between parity (the number of times a women has given birth) and tooth loss,2-5 and parity and periodontal attachment loss,6 but none has determined whether this association is causal. A number of studies have reported greater severity and extent of gingival inflammation during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770150/effect-of-cathodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-a-child-with-involuntary-movement-after-hypoxic-encephalopathy
#9
Mayumi Nagai, Naofumi Tanaka, Yutaka Oouchida, Shin-Ichi Izumi
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation to the supplementary motor area to inhibit involuntary movements of a child. An 8-year-old boy who developed hypoxic encephalopathy after asphyxia at the age of 2 had difficulty in remaining standing without support because of involuntary movements. He was instructed to remain standing with his plastic ankle-foot orthosis for 10 s at three time points by leaning forward with his forearms on a desk. He received cathodal or sham transcranial direct current stimulation to the supplementary motor area at 1 mA for 10 min...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768675/developing-self-regulation-in-a-dysregulating-world-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-for-a-toddler-in-foster-care
#10
Steven D Imrisek, Katerina Castaño, Kristin Bernard
Toddlers in foster care have typically experienced histories of maltreatment and disruptions in relationships with primary caregivers. As a result, they are at increased risk for developing disorganized attachment and showing emotional, behavioral, and physiological dysregulation. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers in Foster Care (ABC-T) was developed to address the needs of these vulnerable children by supporting foster parents in responding with nurturance to children's distress, following children's lead, and helping children calm when they are becoming overwhelmed or dysregulated...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752663/understanding-the-pathways-between-mothers-childhood-maltreatment-experiences-and-patterns-of-insecure-attachment-with-young-children-via-symptoms-of-depression
#11
Maria Khan, Kimberly Renk
Although research has suggested that mothers who experienced childhood maltreatment tend to exhibit heightened risk for attachment difficulties with their young children, less is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. Thus, this study examined mothers' symptoms of depression as a mediator in the relationship between mothers' childhood maltreatment experiences and patterns of insecure (i.e., anxious, avoidant, and disorganized) mother-young child attachment. Mothers (N = 146) with children aged 1½-to 5-years provided ratings of their childhood maltreatment experiences, attachment with their young children, and symptoms of depression...
May 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749632/the-stability-paradox-why-expansion-of-women-s-education-has-not-delayed-early-union-formation-or-childbearing-in-latin-america
#12
Albert Esteve, Elizabeth Florez-Paredes
Despite substantial improvements in women's education, the age at which Latin American women marry (cohabit) or become mothers for the first time has barely decreased over the past four decades. We refer to this as the "stability paradox." We examine the relationship between years of schooling and transitions to first union or child, analyzing retrospective information from 50 cohorts of women born between 1940 and 1989 in 12 Latin American countries. Absolute and relative measures of schooling are compared...
May 11, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745679/sources-of-perceived-responsiveness-in-family-relationships
#13
William L Cook, Marie Dezangré, Jan De Mol
Perceived responsiveness has become one of the most important constructs in the relationship sciences. It is central to the development of a secure attachment style, the experience of social support, an internal locus of control, and the sense of control in close relationships. Conversely, an unresponsive environment is associated with learned helplessness and depression. Viewed through the lens of the social relations model (SRM), perceived responsiveness in family relationships could have multiple sources: the perceiver; the target or partner; the perceiver-target relationship; and the family group...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743373/five-residues-in-the-apical-loop-of-the-respiratory-syncytial-virus-fusion-protein-f-2-subunit-are-critical-for-its-fusion-activity
#14
Stephanie N Hicks, Supranee Chaiwatpongsakorn, Heather M Costello, Jason S McLellan, William Ray, Mark E Peeples
The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) fusion (F) protein is a trimeric, membrane-anchored glycoprotein capable of mediating both viral-target cell membrane fusion to initiate infection and cell-cell fusion, even in the absence of the attachment glycoprotein. The F protein is initially expressed in a precursor form, whose functional capabilities are activated by proteolysis at two sites between the F1 and F2 subunits. This cleavage results in expression of the metastable and high-energy prefusion conformation...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742531/spontaneous-healing-of-a-bucket-handle-posterior-labral-detachment-after-hip-dislocation-in-a-five-year-old-child-a-case-report
#15
R Carter Clement, Daniel P Carpenter, Anna V Cuomo
CASE: We report the case of a 5-year-old girl who sustained a traumatic hip dislocation and a spontaneous reduction that was complicated by nonconcentric reduction and a large bucket-handle labral detachment. This injury was managed, via an anterior approach, with capsulotomy and reduction of the large interposed labral tear with an attached osteochondral fragment from the posterior aspect of the acetabulum. No additional surgical treatment was employed for the labral tear. CONCLUSION: The patient ultimately demonstrated radiographic healing and an asymptomatic, clinically stable hip...
May 9, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740805/examining-ecological-constraints-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-attachment-via-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#16
Marije L Verhage, R M Pasco Fearon, Carlo Schuengel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sheri Madigan, Glenn I Roisman, Mirjam Oosterman, Kazuko Y Behrens, Maria S Wong, Sarah Mangelsdorf, Lynn E Priddis, Karl-Heinz Brisch
Parents' attachment representations and child-parent attachment have been shown to be associated, but these associations vary across populations (Verhage et al., 2016). The current study examined whether ecological factors may explain variability in the strength of intergenerational transmission of attachment, using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis. Analyses on 4,396 parent-child dyads (58 studies, child age 11-96 months) revealed a combined effect size of r = .29. IPD meta-analyses revealed that effect sizes for the transmission of autonomous-secure representations to secure attachments were weaker under risk conditions and weaker in adolescent parent-child dyads, whereas transmission was stronger for older children...
May 9, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736633/efficacy-of-an-attachment-based-intervention-model-on-health-indices-in-children-with-chronic-disease-and-their-mothers
#17
Fateme Dehghani-Arani, Mohammad Ali Besharat, Victoria A Fitton, Asghar Aghamohammadi
Studies have shown significant relationship between health conditions and attachment. This study aimed to examine an attachment-based intervention model named mother-child-disease triangle (MCDT) on health indices in children with chronic disease and their mothers. This randomized trial study included 22 volunteer children aged 12-18 years undergoing medical treatment for a chronic disease and their mothers. After evaluation by 28-form General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), inventory of parent and peer attachment (IPPA), 28-form Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ-28) and Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ), the mother-child dyads were paired on the basis of IPPA scores...
May 7, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717504/resources-for-nurturing-childcare-practices-in-urban-and-rural-settings-findings-from-the-colombia-2010-demographic-and-health-survey
#18
H B Urke, M B Mittelmark, D A Amugsi, D J Matanda
BACKGROUND: The health and development potential of young children is dependent on nurturing care (NC) provided by primary caregivers. NC encompasses attention to nutrition; symptom management; early learning, attachment, and socialization; and security and safety. Despite the importance of NC to child health and development, the measurement and study of NC are neglected. This has become a point of major concern in the public health field in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Colombia where many families are hard pressed for childcare resources...
May 1, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716463/-attachment-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-primary-school-children-with-adhd
#19
Sebastian Franke, Rüdiger Kißgen
Attachment and Externalizing Behavior Problems in Primary School Children with ADHD When examining children with ADHD, attachment research does not usually differentiate between the different clinical pictures within the disorder. This study examines attachment and ADHD in children who display a simple or unspecified form of ADHD, in order to be able to draw specific conclusions about this particular group. Attachment, ADHD symptoms as well as externalizing behavior problems were assessed from 93 children aged five to nine years, 48 of whom had an ADHD diagnosis...
May 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713504/user-assessments-and-the-use-of-information-from-momconnect-a-mobile-phone-text-based-information-service-by-pregnant-women-and-new-mothers-in-south-africa
#20
REVIEW
Donald Skinner, Peter Delobelle, Michele Pappin, Desiree Pieterse, Tonya Marianne Esterhuizen, Peter Barron, Lilian Dudley
MomConnect was designed to provide crucial health information to mothers during pregnancy and in the early years of child rearing in South Africa. The design drew on the success of the Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action's programme in South Africa, as well as a growing list of mobile health (mHealth) interventions implemented internationally. Services such as MomConnect are dependent on user acceptability as all engagements are voluntary, meaning that tools have to be easy to use and useful to be successful...
2018: BMJ Global Health
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