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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-four-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#1
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
We aimed to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) one month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over four years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at one month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#2
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899058/correlates-of-child-father-and-child-mother-attachment-in-the-preschool-years
#3
Jean-François Bureau, Jodi Martin, Kim Yurkowski, Sabrina Schmiedel, Jeffry Quan, Ellen Moss, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Dominique Pallanca
The increase in fathers' involvement in childrearing, particularly beyond infancy, warrants research exploring factors influencing the quality of child-father attachment relationships, and the impact of these relationships on children's social development. The current investigation explored various correlates of preschoolers' child-father attachment security to both parents, including contextual factors (i.e., socioeconomic status, child temperament, parenting stress), parental play sensitivity, and child social adaptation...
November 30, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895198/autism-and-reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-co-occurrence-and-differentiation
#4
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Raman Baweja
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare disorders sharing social difficulties with autism. The DSM-5 and ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases, 10th revsion) state that RAD/DSED should not be diagnosed in children with autism. The purpose of our study is to determine whether children can meet criteria for both autism and RAD/DSED and to identify specific symptoms discriminating the disorders...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894211/parenting-in-infancy-and-self-regulation-in-preschool-an-investigation-of-the-role-of-attachment-history
#5
R S Birmingham, K L Bub, B E Vaughn
Parenting and attachment are critical in the emergence of self-regulation (SR) in preschool. However, most studies use general indexes of parenting quality, failing to explore the unique contributions of sensitivity and home quality to SR. Further, the nature of the interplay between parenting and attachment history is not well understood. Using a sample of 938 children from The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, a series of structural equation models were fit to determine whether sensitivity and home quality concurrently predicted SR at 54 months, and whether attachment mediated or moderated these pathways...
November 29, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#6
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884654/a-narrative-review-of-interventions-addressing-the-parental-fetal-relationship
#7
Nicole Borg Cunen, Julie Jomeen, Rita Borg Xuereb, Angela Poat
BACKGROUND: Expectant parents develop varying degrees of emotional affiliation with the unborn child. Interventions supporting this relationship may be beneficial given its link to maternal health behaviour during pregnancy, as well as the parental-infant bond after birth. AIM: To identify and describe the effects of programmes and strategies that have addressed the parental-fetal relationship. METHOD: English-language primary studies, published between 2005-2015, were identified and their methodological quality was assessed...
November 21, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880620/a-relational-model-for-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-captivity-trauma-a-23-year-longitudinal-study
#8
Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aversive, long-term toll of war captivity and fathers' combat-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on adult offspring's secondary traumatization (ST) has been recently exemplified. However, the study of potential mechanisms of the intergenerational transmission of trauma to offspring is still lacking. This prospective study aimed to assess the role of fathers' PTSD symptoms (PTSS), paternal parenting, and adult offspring's attachment insecurities in adult offspring's PTSS...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878912/maternal-sensitivity-in-mothers-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-is-related-to-experiences-of-maltreatment-and-predictive-of-child-attachment-a-matched-comparison-study
#9
Lene Lindberg, Mari Fransson, Tommie Forslund, Lydia Springer, Pehr Granqvist
BACKGROUND: Scientific knowledge on the quality of caregiving/maternal sensitivity among mothers with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) is limited and subject to many methodological shortcomings, but seems to suggest that these mothers are less sensitive than mothers without intellectual disabilities. METHODS: In this matched-comparison study (N = 48), the present authors observed maternal sensitivity for 20 min in four different laboratory play situations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876747/-a-large-foreign-body-a-pin-in-the-trachea
#10
D M Mustafaev
A foreign body is known to be retained in the human trachea only in very rare cases, e.g. due to its large size preventing the further passage through the glottis into a bronchial tube or because of its specific shape facilitating the attachment of the body to the tracheal walls and clamping between them. In this paper, the author presents a case of the localization of an unusually large foreign body (a pin) in the trachea of a 14 year old child.
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#11
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870988/sensitivity-and-attachment-interventions-in-early-childhood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Gary Mountain, Jane Cahill, Helen Thorpe
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was conducted to determine whether early interventions are effective in improving attachment security and parental sensitivity. Electronic databases were searched 2002-2015 onwards, All RCTs delivered to mothers, fathers or carers, before their child's mean age was 36 months, via 1:1 support, group work or guided self-help were included. The search was restricted to English Language publications. Study Selection, data extraction and quality appraisal were independently undertaken by two authors...
November 18, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868182/attachment-and-temperament-in-the-early-life-course-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ashley M Groh, Angela J Narayan, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Glenn I Roisman, Brian E Vaughn, R M Pasco Fearon, Marinus H van IJzendoorn
This meta-analytic review examines the association between early attachment (assessed at 1-5 years) and child temperament (assessed at birth-12 years), and compares the strength of this association with recently documented meta-analytic associations between early attachment and social competence, externalizing behavior, and internalizing symptoms. Based on 109 independent samples (N = 11,440) of diverse socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds, temperament was weakly associated with attachment (in)security (d = ...
November 21, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863803/research-domain-criteria-and-the-study-of-trauma-in-children-implications-for-assessment-and-treatment-research
#14
REVIEW
Carla Smith Stover, Brooks Keeshin
By definition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires exposure to a traumatic event. Yet, the DSM diagnostic requirements for children and adolescents for PTSD may fail to capture traumatized youth with significant distress and functional impairment. Many important studies have utilized PTSD diagnosis as a mechanism for grouping individuals for comparative studies examining brain functioning, neuroendocrinology, genetics, attachment, and cognition; however, focusing only on those with the diagnosis of PTSD can miss the spectrum of symptoms and difficulties that impact children who experience trauma and subsequent impairment...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863527/the-role-of-social-position-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-for-life-course-trajectories-of-education-and-work-a-cohort-study
#15
Evelina Landstedt, Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Pekka Virtanen, Ylva B Almquist
BACKGROUND: While a vast amount of studies confirm the social reproduction of class and status from one generation to the next, less is known about the role of health in the child generation for these processes. Research has shown that particularly mental distress in adolescence is important for future life chances. This study aimed to examine the importance of parental socioeconomic position and depressive symptoms in youth for life-course trajectories of education and labour market attachment among men and women...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852170/parental-embodied-mentalizing-how-the-nonverbal-dance-between-parents-and-infants-predicts-children-s-socio-emotional-functioning
#16
Dana Shai, Jay Belsky
Parental mentalizing - the parent's ability to envision the child's mental states (such as desires, thoughts, or wishes) - has been argued to underlie a parent's ability to respond sensitively to their child's emotional needs, and thereby promote advantageous cognitive and socio-emotional development. Mentalizing is typically operationalized in terms of how parents talk to or about their infants. This work extends research on mentalizing by operationalizing parental mentalizing exclusively in terms of nonverbal, bodily based, interactive behavior, namely parental embodied mentalizing(PEM)...
November 16, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847935/empowering-families-with-the-experience-of-mental-illness-a-presentation-of-the-polish-version-of-camille-training-package
#17
REVIEW
Izabela Tabak, Lidia Zabłocka-Żytka, Jan C Czabała
The paper presents the CAMILLE training package prepared in the EU program Empowerment of Children and Adolescents of Mentally Ill Parents through Training of Professionals working with children and adolescents. The training is designed for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, teachers and others working with children and adolescents where a parent experiences mental disorders. The project was realized on 4 stages: (1) pre-analyses (quality and quantity) with professionals, family members and people experiencing mental disorders, in regards to the needs, experiences and expectations in education of professionals working with families of parents with mental illness; (2) development of a new pan-European training program for specialists working with these families; (3) pre-pilot implementation and evaluation of the training; (4) preparing of the final version of the training and pilot implementation in 7 countries participating in the project, also in Poland...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843833/effect-of-mother-infant-pair-s-latch-on-position-on-child-s-health-a-lesson-for-nursing-care
#18
Harshdeep Joshi, Pushpendra Magon, Sunil Raina
BACKGROUND: Effective breastfeeding is a function of the proper positioning of mother and baby and attachment of child to the mother's breast. Positioning of the baby's body is important for good attachment and successful breastfeeding. The study was planned to assess mother-infant pair latch on position and its impact on health status of the child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was community-based cross-sectional study conducted among 1267 children between age group of 0-24 months in the urban and rural field practice areas of the Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832511/communication-about-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-perspective-of-filipino-families
#19
Peter James B Abad, Cora A Anonuevo, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Lorna R Abad, Carmencita D Padilla, Mercy Y Laurino
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), like other genetic conditions, is a relational disease from both the biological and psychosocial perspectives since the diagnosis gives rise to a variety of health, reproductive, and psychosocial implications. It is in these contexts that family communication of genetic information is important to study. Hence, this research aimed to explore genetic information communication in Filipino families affected with CAH. Using a qualitative descriptive design, families with a child affected with CAH were recruited through the CAH parent support group and were interviewed...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806867/practice-parameter-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder
#20
Charles H Zeanah, Tessa Chesher, Neil W Boris
This Practice Parameter is a revision of a previous Parameter addressing reactive attachment disorder that was published in 2005. It reviews the current status of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DESD) with regard to assessment and treatment. Attachment is a central component of social and emotional development in early childhood, and disordered attachment is defined by specific patterns of abnormal social behavior in the context of "insufficient care" or social neglect...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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