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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641060/effective-preventive-interventions-to-support-parents-of-young-children-illustrations-from-the-video-feedback-intervention-to-promote-positive-parenting-and-sensitive-discipline-vipp-sd
#1
Femmie Juffer, Estelle Struis, Claudia Werner, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
Secure attachment relationships are essential for children's current and later development. From attachment theory and research, it can be derived that sensitive parenting is the key to positive parent-child relationships. Is it possible to design effective interventions to enhance sensitive parenting? In this article, we review elements that are crucial for effective attachment-based interventions, and we proceed with illustrations from the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD)...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632983/a-descriptive-study-of-a-community-based-home-visiting-program-with-preschool-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#2
Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sayma Malik, Julia Wellwood, Karen Johnston, Holly Gammon, Kathy N Andrew, Breann Maxwell, Sally Longstaffe
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional-behavioural outcomes. Research also shows positive effects of attachment-focused interventions in preventing disrupted caregiver-child attachment relationships; however, such interventions have not been specifically adapted for children with FASD. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the implementation, challenges, and results of a community home-based attachment intervention, Circle of Security® (COS), with preschool children affected by PAE/FASD in Manitoba, Canada...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#3
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618321/the-crucial-role-of-the-micro-caregiving-environment-factors-associated-with-attachment-styles-in-alternative-care-in-chile
#4
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis
The distribution of attachment styles has been shown to differ between groups of children living with their parents and children placed in alternative care (AC), defined as residential or foster. However, this is the first study in Latin America to explore possible factors affecting the quality of attachment in children living in both residential and foster care. Two groups of children (N=57) were compared: one group living in Residential Homes (RC) and the other in Foster Care (FC) in Chile. Children's, caregivers' and structural factors (e...
June 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617045/assessing-attachment-in-school-aged-children-do-the-school-age-assessment-of-attachment-and-family-drawings-work-together-as-complementary-tools
#5
Rebecca Carr-Hopkins, Calem De Burca, Felicity A Aldridge
AIMS: Our goal was to identify an assessment package that could improve treatment planning for troubled children and their families. To assess the validity of our tools, we tested the relations among the School-Age Assessment of Attachment, the Family Drawing and children's risk status. We used the Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation to interpret the assessments in the hope of identifying a gradient of risk, and explore whether a new coding method improved the validity of Family Drawings and their utility as a tool to complement the School-Age Assessment of Attachment...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612690/attachment-as-a-predictor-of-non-response-to-cbt-treatment-in-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#6
Monika Walczak, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Sonja Breinholst
Children's and parents' attachment patterns have been linked with the presence of pediatric anxiety disorders. The present study examined the role of attachment in predicting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) treatment outcomes. A total of 69 children aged 7-13 years were assessed using a semi-structured interview, and treated with CBT. Differences between responders and nonresponders with regard to pretreatment characteristics were explored, and the predictive power of factors significantly different between groups was assessed using binominal logistic regression...
June 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609692/childhood-maltreatment-psychopathology-and-well-being-the-mediator-role-of-global-self-esteem-attachment-difficulties-and-substance-use
#7
Hanne K Greger, Arne K Myhre, Christian A Klöckner, Thomas Jozefiak
Childhood maltreatment is known to be associated with a broad variety of psychopathology and deteriorated well-being in adolescent populations. In the present nationwide study, we aimed to explore global self-esteem, attachment difficulties and substance use as possible mediators of these associations in a high-risk adolescent population. We included 400 adolescents (aged 12-20 years) living in residential youth care in Norway (response rate 67%). The participants completed a semistructured psychiatric interview (Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA)), a study-specific questionnaire, a revised version of the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA) and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents (KINDL-R)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609440/protective-mental-health-factors-in-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
Olga Wlodarczyk, Mirjam Schwarze, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Franka Metzner, Silke Pawils
Children of parents with drug and alcohol use disorders often grow up under severe stress and are at greater risk of developing psychological and social problems. However, a substantial proportion of affected children adapt to their distressing life conditions and show positive development in terms of their mental health. These children are described as resilient. One difference between resilient and maladapted children is the presence of protective factors. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the current state of the research concerning protective mental health factors in children of parents with alcohol or drug use disorders (COPAD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#9
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598454/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-rural-residential-sanskrit-school-in-baglung-nepal
#10
B Amatya, N Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Under-nutrition is a condition in which there is inadequate consumption, poor absorption or excessive loss of nutrients. Nepal still faces high chronic as well as acute under-nutrition in children. The following study was conducted a Sanskrit school in rural Baglung to find the prevalence of malnutrition among the children which could reflect the nutritional status of the community. METHODS: Out of 60 students admitted to the school, only 43 were present at the time when we collected our data...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597234/an-automated-approach-to-measuring-child-movement-and-location-in-the-early-childhood-classroom
#11
Dwight W Irvin, Stephen A Crutchfield, Charles R Greenwood, William D Kearns, Jay Buzhardt
Children's movement is an important issue in child development and outcome in early childhood research, intervention, and practice. Digital sensor technologies offer improvements in naturalistic movement measurement and analysis. We conducted validity and feasibility testing of a real-time, indoor mapping and location system (Ubisense, Inc.) within a preschool classroom. Real-time indoor mapping has several implications with respect to efficiently and conveniently: (a) determining the activity areas where children are spending the most and least time per day (e...
June 8, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591902/-the-need-for-psychosocial-support-of-parents-of-children-in-neonatal-care
#12
Nicole Schäfer, Harald Karutz, Olaf Schenk
Background Advances in neonatal care have reduced mortality but increased morbidity in babies born pre-maturely or after high-risk pregnancies. However, this often increases the burden on the family and the parents in particular. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that demonstrated the importance of psychosocial support for parents of children in neonatal care. Methods A systematic search of Pubmed, Psyndex, CINAHI and medpilot was conducted. Reference lists of the included articles were also searched for relevant publications...
June 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578985/attention-focus-and-self-touch-in-toddlers-the-moderating-effect-of-attachment-security
#13
Sachiyo Ito-Jäger, Amanda R Howard, Karyn B Purvis, David R Cross
The superior self-regulation and attention-regulation abilities of securely attached children have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, the mechanisms that allow securely attached children to exhibit higher levels of attention focus than insecurely attached (anxious-ambivalent and anxious-avoidant) children need to be explored. One possible mechanism that has been hypothesized to play a role in focusing attention is self-touch. Previous research has shown that 10-year-old children exhibit more bilateral self-touch (i...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577603/beyond-reactive-attachment-disorder-how-might-attachment-research-inform-child-psychiatry-practice
#14
REVIEW
Neil W Boris, Kimberly Renk
This article provides an updated review of attachment research with a focus on how comprehensive clinical assessment and intervention informs the care of young children. Child psychiatrists can serve as an important part of care coordination teams working with young children who have histories of early maltreatment and/or disruption in caregiving whether or not the children they are seeing meet criteria for an attachment disorder. Child psychiatrists should be familiar with both comprehensive assessment and the recent attachment-based interventions and appreciate how pharmacotherapy can be a useful adjunctive intervention when intensive therapy alone is ineffective...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573830/the-psychophysiological-effects-of-oxytocin-on-parent-child-interactions-a-literature-review-oxytocin-and-parent-child-interactions
#15
REVIEW
Monika Szymanska, Marie Schneider, Carmela Chateau-Smith, Sylvie Nezelof, Lauriane Vulliez-Coady
Oxytocin (OT), often called the "hormone of love" or "hormone of attachment", plays a fundamental role in the establishment and quality of parent-infant bonding. However, emerging evidence indicates that OT can also produce antisocial behavior. To clarify these effects, we review studies examining the role of endogenous and exogenous OT on several determinants of attachment: parental sensitivity, and bonding or synchrony in parent-child dyads. Contextual and individual factors moderating the effect of intranasal OT (INOT) and its peripheral levels are also reviewed...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560542/the-role-of-attachment-insecurity-in-the-emergence-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-migraine-an-empirical-study
#16
Riccardo Williams, Luigi Leone, Noemi Faedda, Giulia Natalucci, Benedetta Bellini, Elisa Salvi, Paola Verdecchia, Rita Cerutti, Marco Arruda, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognised that there are associations between headache, psychiatric comorbidity and attachment insecurity in both adults and children. The aims of this study were: 1) to compare perceived attachment security and anxiety in children and adolescents with migraine without aura and a healthy control group; 2) to test whether the child's perceived security of attachment to the mother and the father mediated the association between migraine and anxiety. METHODS: One hundred children and adolescents with Migraine without Aura were compared with a control group of 100 children without headache...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556965/attachment-security-and-developmental-patterns-of-growth-in-executive-functioning-during-early-elementary-school
#17
Célia Matte-Gagné, Annie Bernier, Marie-Soleil Sirois, Gabrielle Lalonde, Sarah Hertz
Despite the extensive research demonstrating the importance of child executive functioning (EF) for school adjustment, little longitudinal work has formally examined developmental change in EF during the early school years. Based on a sample of 106 mother-child dyads, the current longitudinal study investigated patterns of growth in child performance on three executive tasks between kindergarten (Mage  = 6 years) and Grade 3 (Mage  = 9 years), and the predictive role of earlier mother-child attachment security in these patterns...
May 29, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554785/mind-mindedness-of-male-and-female-caregivers-in-childcare-and-the-relation-to-sensitivity-and-attachment-an-exploratory-study
#18
Cristina Colonnesi, Marleen van Polanen, Louis W C Tavecchio, Ruben G Fukkink
Mind-mindedness refers to the caregiver's ability to be attuned to the child's mental states. Within the parent-child relationship, mind-mindedness relates to parents' sensitive caregiving, and to children's secure attachment. However, the same relations are still unexplored in out-of-home care settings. We investigated the associations between childcare professionals' mind-mindedness, sensitive responsiveness and respect for autonomy, and child-caregiver attachment security. Moreover, we examined whether these relations are influenced by caregivers' and children's gender...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552100/health-anxiety-and-illness-behaviour-in-children-of-mothers-with-severe-health-anxiety
#19
Mette Viller Thorgaard
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present...
May 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537850/predictors-of-clinical-outcomes-in-sexually-abused-adolescents
#20
Lotem Tocker, Galit Ben-Amitay, Netta Horesh-Reinman, Michal Lask, Paz Toren
This cross-sectional, case control study examines the association between child sexual abuse and interpersonal and intrapersonal outcomes among 54 adolescents, examining specific clinical measures (depression, anxiety, dissociation, and posttraumatic stress disorder, attachment patterns, self-esteem, self-disclosure, and family environment characteristics). The research results point to a correlation between sexual abuse and higher levels of the clinical measures. In addition, a correlation was found between sexual abuse and level of avoidant attachment, self-esteem, and family environment characteristics...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
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