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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#1
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154587/attentional-avoidance-of-emotional-stimuli-in-postpartum-women-with-childhood-history-of-maltreatment-and-difficulties-with-emotion-regulation
#2
Gillian England-Mason, Jennifer Khoury, Leslie Atkinson, Geoffrey B Hall, Andrea Gonzalez
Child abuse and neglect can lead to difficulties regulating responses to threatening and emotional situations. Exposure to childhood maltreatment has been linked to conflicting findings of both attention biases toward and away from threat-related information. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether emotion regulation moderated the association between history of childhood maltreatment and attention bias in a sample of postpartum women. One hundred forty women participated in the study at 7 months postpartum...
November 20, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151556/-an-integrative-review-of-home-care-service-for-pregnant-women-mothers-infants-and-toddlers-in-vulnerable-group
#3
REVIEW
Dasom Kim, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was intended to integrate the evidence of home care service intervention for mothers and children in vulnerable groups through an integrative literature review. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (PubMED), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, DBpia databases. The quality of the articles was assessed by one doctoral researcher and verified by one professor of community health nursing who had participated in the systematic review of literature...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149620/the-dopamine-d4-receptor-gene-birth-weight-maternal-depression-maternal-attention-and-the-prediction-of-disorganized-attachment-at-36-months-of-age-a-prospective-gene%C3%A3-environment-analysis
#4
Justin Graffi, Ellen Moss, Alexia Jolicoeur-Martineau, Gal Moss, Vanessa Lecompte, Katherine Pascuzzo, Vanessa Babineau, Cathryn Gordon-Green, Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Klaus Minde, Roberto Sassi, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Helene Gaudreau, Robert Levitan, Michael J Meaney, Ashley Wazana
BACKGROUND: Efforts to understand the developmental pathways for disorganized attachment reflect the importance of disorganized attachment on the prediction of future psychopathology. The inconsistent findings on the prediction of disorganized attachment from the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene, birth weight, and maternal depression as well as the evidence supporting the contribution of early maternal care, suggest the importance of exploring a gene by environment model. METHODS: Our sample is from the Maternal Adversity, Vulnerability, and Neurodevelopment project; consisting of 655 mother-child dyads...
November 14, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140759/adult-profiles-of-child-sexual-abuse-survivors-attachment-insecurity-sexual-compulsivity-and-sexual-avoidance
#5
Chloe Labadie, Natacha Godbout, Marie-Pier Vaillancourt-Morel, Stéphane Sabourin
The present study examined the possibility of different groups of CSA survivors based on their different patterns of attachment and sexual problems. A sample of 324 CSA survivors and 484 participants who did not report any child maltreatment experiences completed online questionnaires. A cluster analysis on attachment and sexual outcomes revealed that CSA survivors formed two distinct profiles. The first profile included CSA survivors with elevated attachment anxiety and low to moderate scores on attachment avoidance, sexual compulsion, and sexual avoidance...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#6
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130503/association-of-teen-mothers-and-grandmothers-parenting-capacities-with-child-development-a-study-protocol
#7
Damali Wilson, Deborah Gross, Stacy Hodgkinson, Kirby Deater-Deckard
Children born to teen mothers may experience less responsive and supportive parenting and are at heightened risk for a range of social, developmental, and health issues. There is literature to support the positive impact of grandmothers on teen parents and their children. However, what if the teen's mother is also limited in her parenting capacities? How do parenting capacities across these two generations of mothers affect the developing child? In this ongoing study we are examining two important aspects of parenting capacities, attachment quality and executive functioning, in teen mothers (TM) and their biological, co- residing mothers or grandmothers (GM or GGM)...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130379/trauma-complexity-and-child-abuse-a-qualitative-study-of-attachment-narratives-in-adult-refugees-with-ptsd
#8
Karin Riber
The present study aimed to identify trauma types over the life course among adult refugees and to explore their accounts of childhood maltreatment. A sample of 43 Arabic-speaking refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) attending a treatment context in Denmark were interviewed. Using a "Trauma Coding Manual" developed for this study, trauma types were identified in interview transcripts. In both men and women with Iraqi and Palestinian-Lebanese backgrounds, high levels of trauma complexity and high rates of childhood maltreatment were found (63%, n = 27)...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120367/risk-and-resilience-factors-related-to-parental-bereavement-following-the-death-of-a-child-with-a-life-limiting-condition
#9
REVIEW
Tiina Jaaniste, Sandra Coombs, Theresa J Donnelly, Norm Kelk, Danielle Beston
This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on risk and resilience factors impacting on parental bereavement outcomes following the death of a child with a life-limiting condition. Over the past few decades, bereavement research has focussed primarily on a risk-based approach. In light of advances in the literature on resilience, the authors propose a Risk and Resilience Model of Parental Bereavement, thus endeavouring to give more holistic consideration to a range of potential influences on parental bereavement outcomes...
November 9, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114286/intradural-eosinophilic-granuloma-invading-skull-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Kavita Mardi, R C Thakur, Lalita Negi
Eosinophilic granuloma is a localized form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, most commonly involving the skeletal system. Their origin from the dura is rare with only a handful of cases on record. We present one such rare case of an eosinophilic granuloma originating from the dura mater with secondary osseous invasion in an 11-year-old female child who presented with a swelling in the right parietal region. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an enhancing mass with a wide dural attachment with a lytic lesion in the overlying skull...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105563/challenges-related-to-migration-and-child-attachment-a-pilot-study-with-south-asian-immigrant-mother-child-dyads
#11
Vanessa Lecompte, Diana Miconi, Cécile Rousseau
This pilot study examined psychological, social and cultural risk factors for child insecure attachment in a sample of South Asian immigrant families experiencing high migration stress in Montreal, Canada. Thirty-three participants were recruited through a local Health and Social Service organization. Maternal anxiety and depression, social support, and national and religious sense of belonging were assessed. Child attachment behaviors were coded from a 15 min free play period. Results indicated that maternal depressive symptoms were related to lower child attachment security scores...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104853/physiological-and-relational-predictors-of-mother-infant-behavioral-coordination
#12
Sara F Waters, Wendy Berry Mendes
Coordinated social behavior and positive affect shared between parent and child in early life provide a foundation for healthy social and emotional development. We examined physiological (cardiac vagal responses) and relational (attachment security) predictors of dyadic behavioral coordination in a sample of 13-month-old infants and their mothers (N = 64). We tested whether cardiac vagal responses moderated the association between attachment security and behavioral coordination. The main effect of attachment on coordination was moderated by infant cardiac vagal tone (i...
December 2016: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101776/the-effects-of-massage-by-mothers-on-mother-infant-attachment
#13
Mahnaz Shoghi, Soroor Sohrabi, Mahboobe Rasouli
Context • Transferring a newborn to the intensive care unit due to a premature birth is a major obstacle in the establishment of emotional attachment between a mother and her child. Researchers believe that the formation and continuation of such an attachment have a profound effect on the child's mental development and behavior in the coming years of life. Not all studies have agreed, however, that skin contact alone, such as massage provides, can improve attachment. Objective • The aim of this study was to determine the effects on maternal attachment behaviors of infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of massage provided by mothers for their premature neonates...
November 4, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093976/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-child-victim-of-avulsion-of-anterior-teeth-with-orthodontic-mini-implant
#14
Natalice Sousa de Oliveira, Gabriella Lopes de Rezende Barbosa, Lincoln Dias Lanza, Henrique Pretti
The treatment of choice in cases of avulsed permanent teeth is the immediate reimplantation. However, this conduct does not always work favorably, either by failures in the initial approach or by inappropriate interventions. In this sense, the aim of this study is to present an alternative prosthetic rehabilitation with the use of orthodontic mini-implants in the anterior region. This case reports a ten-year-old child with history of avulsion of superior central incisors. The therapeutic approach was planned to promote physiological teeth contacts and acceptable esthetics and phonetics...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092624/intergenerational-transmission-of-trauma-maternal-trauma-related-cognitions-and-toddler-symptoms
#15
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
The purpose of this study was to elucidate possible cognitive mechanisms involved in the intergenerational transmission of trauma from maltreatment-survivor mothers to their toddler/preschool-aged children. This study investigated whether maternal trauma-related cognitions-posttrauma appraisals and disorganized memory for maltreatment-were associated with higher levels of toddler internalizing and externalizing symptoms and more dysfunction in the mother-child relationship. A community sample of mothers with histories of maltreatment and a child between the ages of 2 and 5 years was recruited for a study on maternal attachment, coping, and health ( N = 113)...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083943/assessing-tether-anchor-labeling-and-usability-in-pickup-trucks
#16
Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Laura A Malik, Carol A Flannagan, Jessica S Jermakian
OBJECTIVE: Investigate vehicle factors associated with child restraint tether use and misuse in pickup trucks and evaluate four labeling interventions designed to educate consumers on proper tether use. METHODS: Volunteer testing was performed with 24 subjects and four different pickup trucks. Each subject performed eight child restraint installations among the four pickups using two forward-facing restraints: a Britax Marathon G4.1 and an Evenflo Triumph. Vehicles were selected to represent four different implementations of tether anchors among pickups: plastic loop routers (Chevrolet Silverado), webbing routers (Ram), back wall anchors (Nissan Frontier), and webbing routers plus metal anchors (Toyota Tundra)...
October 30, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083214/breastfeeding-duration-predicts-greater-maternal-sensitivity-over-the-next-decade
#17
Jennifer M Weaver, Thomas J Schofield, Lauren M Papp
The current study represents the first longitudinal investigation of the potential effects of breastfeeding duration on maternal sensitivity over the following decade. This study also examined whether infant attachment security at 24 months would mediate longitudinal relations between breastfeeding duration and changes in maternal sensitivity over time. Using data from 1,272 families from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we found that longer breastfeeding duration (assessed up to age 3) predicted increases in observed maternal sensitivity up to child age 11, after accounting for maternal neuroticism, parenting attitudes, ethnicity, maternal years of education, and presence of a romantic partner...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072476/oxytocin-modulates-charismatic-influence-in-groups
#18
Ilanit Gordon, Yair Berson
Charismatic leaders have had tremendous effects on the fortunes and fates of individuals and societies across the world. Via verbal and nonverbal signaling, such leaders form profound emotional bonds with followers. Despite evidence for its powerful effects, we know very little about what facilitates the charismatic relationship. Here, we argue that the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT), known to be implicated in parent-child attachment, also enhances the effects of charismatic leaders in groups. In a double-blind placebo-controlled study, we administered intranasal OT to participants, led by a confederate trained to exhibit charisma, and monitored participants' responses to the confederate's signaling while leading a group task...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038938/a-secure-base-from-which-to-cooperate-security-child-and-parent-willing-stance-and-adaptive-and-maladaptive-outcomes-in-two-longitudinal-studies
#19
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Grazyna Kochanska
Early secure attachment plays a key role in socialization by inaugurating a long-term mutual positive, collaborative interpersonal orientation within the parent-child dyad. We report findings from Family Study (community mothers, fathers, and children, from age 2 to 12, N = 102, 51 girls) and Play Study (exclusively low-income mothers and children, from age 3.5 to 7, N = 186, 90 girls). We examined links among observed secure attachment at toddler age, child and parent receptive, willing stance to each other, observed in parent-child contexts at early school age, and developmental outcomes...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034733/mothers-personal-and-interpersonal-function-as-potential-mediators-between-maternal-maltreatment-history-and-child-behavior-problems
#20
Jessica Pereira, Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal depressive symptoms, social support, parenting, and adult attachment as mediators explaining the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment and child behavior in offspring. We assessed a community sample of 96 mother-child dyads. At child age 16 months, mothers self-reported maltreatment history, adult attachment, depressive symptoms, and social support, and maternal sensitivity was assessed via 2 hr of direct behavioral observation. Maternal reports of child behavior were collected at 5 years...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
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