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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331499/qualitative-reflections-casa-s-trauma-and-attachment-group-tag-program-for-youth-who-have-experienced-early-developmental-trauma
#1
Chandra K Ashton, Anna O'Brien-Langer, Karin Olson, Peter H Silverstone
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrated previously that the Trauma and Attachment Group (TAG) program for youth in middle childhood significantly improved caregiver/child attachment relationships, reduced children's symptoms of attachment trauma, and increased the caregiver's ability for self-reflection. Here we examine the perspectives of both those administering and those taking part in this intensive dyad-based group intervention. METHODS: Utilizing an ethnographic design we collected and analyzed qualitative data obtained through a focus group and interviews with program facilitators, as well as interviews with participating caregivers...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327575/analysis-of-exome-data-for-4293-trios-suggests-gpi-anchor-biogenesis-defects-are-a-rare-cause-of-developmental-disorders
#2
Alistair T Pagnamenta, Yoshiko Murakami, John M Taylor, Consuelo Anzilotti, Malcolm F Howard, Venessa Miller, Diana S Johnson, Shereen Tadros, Sahar Mansour, I Karen Temple, Rachel Firth, Elisabeth Rosser, Rachel E Harrison, Bronwen Kerr, Niko Popitsch, Taroh Kinoshita, Jenny C Taylor, Usha Kini
Over 150 different proteins attach to the plasma membrane using glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors. Mutations in 18 genes that encode components of GPI-anchor biogenesis result in a phenotypic spectrum that includes learning disability, epilepsy, microcephaly, congenital malformations and mild dysmorphic features. To determine the incidence of GPI-anchor defects, we analysed the exome data from 4293 parent-child trios recruited to the Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) study. All probands recruited had a neurodevelopmental disorder...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324848/is-level-of-prematurity-a-risk-plasticity-factor-at-three-years-of-age
#3
Kristin Hadfield, Fearghal O'Brien, Aaron Gerow
Children born preterm have poorer outcomes than children born full-term, but the caregiving environment can ameliorate some of these differences. Recent research has proposed that preterm birth may be a plasticity factor, leading to better outcomes for preterm than full-term infants in higher quality environments. This analysis uses data from two waves of an Irish study of children (at 9 months and 3 years of age, n=11,134 children) and their caregivers (n=11,132 mothers, n=9998 fathers) to investigate differences in how caregiving affects social, cognitive, and motor skills between full-term, late preterm, and very preterm children...
March 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#4
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317119/mind-the-baby-the-role-of-the-nanny-in-infant-observation
#5
Jessica Yakeley
The influence of nannies and other significant caregivers on a child's psychological and emotional development may be profound and if unrecognized may contribute to psychopathology in adulthood. However, the significance of the nanny has been relatively neglected within the psychoanalytic literature. In this paper I will discuss the impact of early caregivers other than the biological mother on the psychic development of the child, and the role of the nanny within the family dynamics as a figure attracting powerful unconscious phantasies and unwanted projections...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297040/repair-of-total-tractional-retinal-detachment-in-norrie-disease-report-of-technique-and-successful-surgical-outcome
#6
Bozho Todorich, Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Antonio Capone
Norrie disease is a rare, but devastating cause of pediatric retinal detachment, universally portending a poor visual prognosis. This paper describes successful surgical management of an infant with total retinal detachment associated with Norrie disease mutation. The infant was a full-term white male who presented with bilateral total funnel retinal detachments (RDs). He underwent genetic testing, which demonstrated single-point mutation 133 G>A transition in exon 2 of the NDP gene. The retinal detachment was managed with translimbal iridectomy, lensectomy, capsulectomy, and vitrectomy...
March 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295978/entrepreneurial-and-parental-love-are-they-the-same
#7
Marja-Liisa Halko, Tom Lahti, Kaisa Hytönen, Iiro P Jääskeläinen
Here we tested the hypothesis that entrepreneurs' emotional experience and brain responses toward their own firm resemble those of parents toward their own children. Using fMRI, we measured the brain activity while male entrepreneurs viewed pictures of their own and of a familiar firm, and while fathers viewed pictures of their own and of a familiar child. The entrepreneurs who self-rated as being very closely attached with their venture showed a similar suppression of activity in the posterior cingulate cortex, temporoparietal junction, and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex as fathers during viewing pictures of their own children versus familiar children...
March 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294294/mother-child-attachment-from-infancy-to-the-preschool-years-predicting-security-and-stability
#8
Elizabeth Meins, Jean-François Bureau, Charles Fernyhough
Relations between maternal mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments), children's age-2 perspective-taking abilities, and attachment security at 44 (n = 165) and 51 (n = 128) months were investigated. Nonattuned comments predicted insecure preschool attachment, via insecure 15-month attachment security (44-month attachment) and poorer age-2 perspective-taking abilities (51-month attachment). With regard to attachment stability, higher perspective-taking abilities distinguished the stable secure groups from (a) the stable insecure groups and (b) children who changed from secure to insecure (at trend level)...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286964/factors-impacting-participation-in-sports-for-children-with-limb-absence-a-qualitative-study
#9
Batoul Sayed Ahmed, Marena Lamy, Debra Cameron, Lisa Artero, Sandra Ramdial, Matthew Leineweber, Jan Andrysek
BACKGROUND: Individuals with limb absence benefit from participating in sports. While barriers and facilitators affecting sport participation are well documented for adults, they have not been explored for children with limb absence. PURPOSE: To identify the perceived factors impacting participation in sports according to children with limb absence and their parents. METHODS: This study uses a descriptive qualitative study design. Nineteen participants, consisting of children and their parents, were recruited from an outpatient hospital clinic for semi-structured interviews...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#10
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277713/relational-antecedents-and-social-implications-of-the-emotion-of-empathy-evidence-from-three-studies
#11
Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
Despite emotion researchers' strong interest in empathy and its implications for prosocial functioning, surprisingly few studies have examined parent-child attachment as a context for early origins of empathy in young children. Consequently, empirical evidence on links among children's attachment, empathy, and prosociality is thin and inconsistent. We examined such links in 2 longitudinal studies of community families (Family Study, N = 101 mothers, fathers, and children, 14 to 80 months; Parent-Child Study, mothers and children, N = 108, 15 to 45 months) and a study of low-income, diverse mothers and toddlers (Play Study, N = 186, 30 months)...
March 9, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277095/sleep-and-attachment-in-early-childhood-a-series-of-meta-analyses
#12
Valérie Simard, Valérie Chevalier, Marie-Michèle Bédard
Empirical findings regarding the association between child attachment and sleep have been inconsistent. The objectives of this series of meta-analyses were to assess the size of the association between child sleep and attachment and to examine whether study methodology (attachment measure, sleep measure) and age moderate this association. Sixteen studies (2783 children aged from 6 to 38 months) were included. Significant associations were found between attachment security and sleep efficiency (r = .18) and attachment resistance and sleep problems (r = ...
February 20, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263829/depression-alters-maternal-extended-amygdala-response-and-functional-connectivity-during-distress-signals-in-attachment-relationship
#13
S Shaun Ho, James E Swain
Maternal attachment-related parenting behaviors require mothers to regulate self-related and child-related distress. Emotion regulation is, in turn, influenced by maternal mood and personal developmental history. In the current study we examined how depressive mood may alter maternal limbic system function and functional connectivity underlying defensive and hedonic motivations. Twenty nine mothers were recruited to undergo a baby-cry task during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. Based on self-reported depression symptoms and clinical interview, the participants were grouped as healthy controls (n=15) and currently depressed (n=14)...
March 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254669/reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-callous-unemotional-traits-and-comorbid-disorders
#14
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Rosanna P Breaux, Raman Baweja
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare, understudied, and controversial disorders. METHODS: Comorbidity in children diagnosed with RAD or DSED was compared with comorbidity in ADHD and autism to determine if RAD/DSED comorbidity differed from that for the two most common disorders in child psychiatric clinics. Samples included 4-17-year-olds, 20 with RAD and/or DSED, 933 with autism, and 895 with ADHD...
February 28, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254197/early-life-adversity-during-the-infant-sensitive-period-for-attachment-programming-of-behavioral-neurobiology-of-threat-processing-and-social-behavior
#15
REVIEW
Maya Opendak, Elizabeth Gould, Regina Sullivan
Animals, including humans, require a highly coordinated and flexible system of social behavior and threat evaluation. However, trauma can disrupt this system, with the amygdala implicated as a mediator of these impairments in behavior. Recent evidence has further highlighted the context of infant trauma as a critical variable in determining its immediate and enduring consequences, with trauma experienced from an attachment figure, such as occurs in cases of caregiver-child maltreatment, as particularly detrimental...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239249/attachment-to-mother-and-father-at-transition-to-middle-childhood
#16
Simona Di Folco, Serena Messina, Giulio Cesare Zavattini, Elia Psouni
The present study investigated concordance between representations of attachment to mother and attachment to father, and convergence between two narrative-based methods addressing these representations in middle childhood: the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task (MCAST) and the Secure Base Script Test (SBST). One hundred and twenty 6-year-old children were assessed by separate administrations of the MCAST for mother and father, respectively, and results showed concordance of representations of attachment to mother and attachment to father at age 6...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236740/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-child-self-regulation-in-eating-the-mediating-role-of-persuasive-controlling-feeding-practices
#17
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Tomo Umemura, Nancy Hazen
The present study examines the hypothesis that adult attachment orientation, specifically anxious attachment, is related to children's diminished ability to self-regulate their food intake, and that this relationship is mediated by parents' persuasive-controlling feeding practices. Two hundred and sixty five mothers and fathers of preschool children completed online questionnaires that included measures of Adult Attachment Orientation, Parental Persuasive-Controlling Feeding Practices, and Child Self-Regulation of Eating...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#18
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228963/a-rare-cause-of-tonsil-mass-in-a-child-lymphoid-polyp
#19
Hongzhao Ji, Seckin O Ulualp, Anita Sengupta
OBJECTIVE: Solitary mass lesions of the palatine tonsils are rare in children. While a tonsillar mass can be concerning for a neoplasm, benign conditions may present with a mass arising from the surface of the palatine tonsils in children. We describe clinical and histopathological characteristics of a lymphoid polyp in a child with unilateral tonsillar mass. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 6-year-old girl presented for evaluation of recurrent acute tonsillitis and a mass on the left palatine tonsil...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217156/extra-axial-giant-falcine-ependymoma-with-ultra-rapid-growth-in-child-uncommon-entity-with-literature-review
#20
Guru Dutta Satyarthee, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar
Ependymoma tends to occur commonly along either on ventricular surfaces of the brain or central canal of the spinal cord. Rarely, ependymoma can develop in the cerebral cortex without attachment to the ventricular structures. However, such occurrence in the purely extra-axial compartment in the falcine region mimicking falcine meningioma is exceedingly rare. The detailed search of primary falcine ependymoma (PEFE) in Medline and PubMed yielded only five isolated case reports. All cases occurred in patient older than 17 years of age; however, our case was a 9-year-old girl...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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