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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438438/-multiple-cephalic-deep-granuloma-annulare-of-children
#1
A Bulinckx, N Cambier, L Wayllace Gaspar, I Théate, P P Roquet-Gravy, D Bessis
BACKGROUND: Deep granuloma annulare is a fairly rare variety of granuloma annulare. It is seen predominantly in children and mainly affects the anterior aspect of the legs and the top of the feet; cephalic presentation is rare. Below, we report three cases of deep granuloma annulare in children presenting solely at the cephalic extremity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Case 1: a six-year-old boy presented 7 cutaneous nodules measuring 1 to 2cm that were flesh-coloured, insensitive to palpation, of hard consistency and deeply attached...
April 21, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#2
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421026/keeping-the-spirits-up-the-effect-of-teachers-and-parents-emotional-support-on-children-s-working-memory-performance
#3
Loren Vandenbroucke, Jantine Spilt, Karine Verschueren, Dieter Baeyens
Working memory, used to temporarily store and mentally manipulate information, is important for children's learning. It is therefore valuable to understand which (contextual) factors promote or hinder working memory performance. Recent research shows positive associations between positive parent-child and teacher-student interactions and working memory performance and development. However, no study has yet experimentally investigated how parents and teachers affect working memory performance. Based on attachment theory, the current study investigated the role of parent and teacher emotional support in promoting working memory performance by buffering the negative effect of social stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420287/associations-between-early-caregiving-and-rural-low-ses-african-american-children-s-representations-of-attachment-relationships
#4
Geoffrey L Brown, Hanna C Gustafsson, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Martha J Cox
Little research has examined the legacy of early maternal care for later attachment representations among low-income and ethnic minority school-aged children. Using data from a sample of 276 rural, low-income, African-American families, this study examined associations between maternal care in infancy and children's representations of attachment figures in middle childhood. Maternal care was coded from 10-min home-based observations at 6, 15, and 24 months of age. Representations of attachment figures were assessed using the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task at 6 years of age...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414546/behavioral-parent-training-in-infancy-what-about-the-parent-infant-relationship
#5
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414511/change-in-attachment-predicts-change-in-emotion-regulation-particularly-among-5-httlpr-short-allele-homozygotes
#6
Kristine Rensvik Viddal, Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen, Jay Belsky, Lars Wichstrøm
In view of the theory that the attachment relationship provides a foundation for the development of emotion regulation, here, we evaluated (a) whether change in attachment security from 4 to 6 years predicts change in emotion regulation from 6 to 8 years and (b) whether 5-HTTLPR moderates this relation in a Norwegian community sample (n = 678, 99.7% Caucasian). Attachment was measured with the Manchester Child Attachment Story Task, and teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist. Attachment security was modestly stable, with children becoming more secure over time...
April 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#7
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412510/empathy-networks-in-the-parental-brain-and-their-long-term-effects-on-children-s-stress-reactivity-and-behavior-adaptation
#8
Eyal Abraham, Gal Raz, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Parental empathy is a key component of sensitive parenting that supports children's social adaptation throughout life. Consistent with a two dissociable network perspective on empathy, we measured within- and between-network integrity of two empathy-related networks in the parental brain as predictors of children's social outcomes across the first six years of life. We focused on two empathy networks; embodied simulation, which supports parents' capacity to resonate with infant state and emotions and implicates cingulo-insulary structures, and mentalizing, which underpins parents' theory-of-mind and mental attributions via prefrontal-temporo-parietal circuit...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411577/perceived-parental-child-rearing-and-attachment-as-predictors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-symptoms-in-children-the-mediational-role-of-attachment
#9
Paloma Chorot, Rosa M Valiente, Ana M Magaz, Miguel A Santed, Bonifacio Sandin
The present study aimed to examine (a) the relative contribution of perceived parental child-rearing behaviors and attachment on anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (b) the role of attachment as a possible mediator of the association between parental rearing and anxiety and depression. A sample of 1002 children (aged 9-12 years) completed a booklet of self-report questionnaires measuring parental rearing behaviors, attachment towards peers, and DSM anxiety and depressive disorder symptoms. We found that parental aversiveness, parental neglect, and fearful/preoccupied attachment, each accounted for a significant amount of the variance in both anxiety and depressive symptoms...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#10
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401850/mothering-from-the-inside-out-results-of-a-second-randomized-clinical-trial-testing-a-mentalization-based-intervention-for-mothers-in-addiction-treatment
#11
Nancy E Suchman, Cindy L DeCoste, Thomas J McMahon, Rachel Dalton, Linda C Mayes, Jessica Borelli
Mothers with histories of alcohol and drug addiction have shown greater difficulty parenting young children than mothers with no history of substance misuse. This study was the second randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of Mothering From the Inside Out (MIO), a 12-week mentalization-based individual therapy designed to address psychological deficits commonly associated with chronic substance use that also interfere with the capacity to parent young children. Eighty-seven mothers caring for a child between 11 and 60 months of age were randomly assigned to receive 12 sessions of MIO versus 12 sessions of parent education (PE), a psychoeducation active control comparison...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401849/developmental-cascade-effects-of-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depressed-mothers-longitudinal-associations-with-toddler-attachment-temperament-and-maternal-parenting-efficacy
#12
Elizabeth D Handley, Louisa C Michl-Petzing, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti, Sheree L Toth
Using a developmental cascades framework, the current study investigated whether treating maternal depression via interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) may lead to more widespread positive adaptation for offspring and mothers including benefits to toddler attachment and temperament, and maternal parenting self-efficacy. The participants (N = 125 mother-child dyads; mean mother age at baseline = 25.43 years; 54.4% of mothers were African American; mean offspring age at baseline = 13.23 months) were from a randomized controlled trial of IPT for a sample of racially and ethnically diverse, socioeconomically disadvantaged mothers of infants...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401848/attachment-security-mediates-the-longitudinal-association-between-child-parent-psychotherapy-and-peer-relations-for-toddlers-of-depressed-mothers
#13
Danielle J Guild, Sheree L Toth, Elizabeth D Handley, Fred A Rogosch, Dante Cicchetti
Numerous investigations have demonstrated that child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) promotes secure attachment between mothers and offspring. However, the role of postintervention attachment security as it relates to long-term child outcomes has never been evaluated. The present study therefore examined postintervention attachment status as a mediator of the association between CPP for depressed mothers and their offspring and subsequent peer relations among offspring. Depressed mothers and their toddlers were randomized to receive CPP (n = 45) or to a control group (n = 55)...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401847/enhancing-executive-functioning-among-toddlers-in-foster-care-with-an-attachment-based-intervention
#14
Teresa Lind, K Lee Raby, E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Mary Dozier
Young children in foster care often experience adversity, such as maltreatment and lack of stability in early caregiving relationships. As a result, these children are at risk for a range of problems, including deficits in executive functioning. The Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers (ABC-T) intervention was designed to help foster parents behave in ways that promote the development of young children's emerging self-regulatory capabilities. Participants included 173 parent-toddler dyads in three groups: foster families that were randomly assigned to receive either the ABC-T intervention (n = 63) or a control intervention (n = 58), as well as low-risk parent-toddler dyads from intact families (n = 52)...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401845/parent-child-intervention-decreases-stress-and-increases-maternal-brain-activity-and-connectivity-during-own-baby-cry-an-exploratory-study
#15
James E Swain, S Shaun Ho, Katherine L Rosenblum, Diana Morelen, Carolyn J Dayton, Maria Muzik
Parental responses to their children are crucially influenced by stress. However, brain-based mechanistic understanding of the adverse effects of parenting stress and benefits of therapeutic interventions is lacking. We studied maternal brain responses to salient child signals as a function of Mom Power (MP), an attachment-based parenting intervention established to decrease maternal distress. Twenty-nine mothers underwent two functional magnetic resonance imaging brain scans during a baby-cry task designed to solicit maternal responses to child's or self's distress signals...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401844/signs-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-and-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorder-at-age-12-years-effects-of-institutional-care-history-and-high-quality-foster-care
#16
Kathryn L Humphreys, Charles A Nelson, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah
Two disorders of attachment have been consistently identified in some young children following severe deprivation in early life: reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder. However, less is known about whether signs of these disorders persist into adolescence. We examined signs of reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder at age 12 years in 111 children who were abandoned at or shortly after birth and subsequently randomized to care as usual or to high-quality foster care, as well as in 50 comparison children who were never institutionalized...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401843/circle-of-security-parenting-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-head-start
#17
Jude Cassidy, Bonnie E Brett, Jacquelyn T Gross, Jessica A Stern, David R Martin, Jonathan J Mohr, Susan S Woodhouse
Although evidence shows that attachment insecurity and disorganization increase risk for the development of psychopathology (Fearon, Bakermans-Kranenburg, van IJzendoorn, Lapsley, & Roisman, 2010; Groh, Roisman, van IJzendoorn, Bakermans-Kranenburg, & Fearon, 2012), implementation challenges have precluded dissemination of attachment interventions on the broad scale at which they are needed. The Circle of Security-Parenting Intervention (COS-P; Cooper, Hoffman, & Powell, 2009), designed with broad implementation in mind, addresses this gap by training community service providers to use a manualized, video-based program to help caregivers provide a secure base and a safe haven for their children...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401842/testing-the-limits-extending-attachment-based-intervention-effects-to-infant-cognitive-outcome-and-parental-stress
#18
Karine Dubois-Comtois, Chantal Cyr, George M Tarabulsy, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier, Ellen Moss
Using a sample of 41 infants and toddlers (21 interventions, 20 controls) who were neglected or at serious risk for neglect, this randomized clinical trial examined the efficacy of a parent-child attachment-based video-feedback intervention on parental sensitivity, parental stress, and child mental/psychomotor development. Results showed that following the 8-week intervention, scores for maternal sensitivity and child mental and psychomotor development were higher in the intervention group than in the control group...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401841/positive-valence-bias-and-parent-child-relationship-security-moderate-the-association-between-early-institutional-caregiving-and-internalizing-symptoms
#19
Michelle R Vantieghem, Laurel Gabard-Durnam, Bonnie Goff, Jessica Flannery, Kathryn L Humphreys, Eva H Telzer, Christina Caldera, Jennifer Y Louie, Mor Shapiro, Niall Bolger, Nim Tottenham
Institutional caregiving is associated with significant deviations from species-expected caregiving, altering the normative sequence of attachment formation and placing children at risk for long-term emotional difficulties. However, little is known about factors that can promote resilience following early institutional caregiving. In the current study, we investigated how adaptations in affective processing (i.e., positive valence bias) and family-level protective factors (i.e., secure parent-child relationships) moderate risk for internalizing symptoms in previously institutionalized (PI) youth...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401840/methylation-matters-fk506-binding-protein-51-fkbp5-methylation-moderates-the-associations-of-fkbp5-genotype-and-resistant-attachment-with-stress-regulation
#20
Rosa H Mulder, Jolien Rijlaarsdam, Maartje P C M Luijk, Frank C Verhulst, Janine F Felix, Henning Tiemeier, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H Van Ijzendoorn
The parent-child attachment relationship plays an important role in the development of the infant's stress regulation system. However, genetic and epigenetic factors such as FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5) genotype and DNA methylation have also been associated with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning. In the current study, we examined how parent-child dyadic regulation works in concert with genetic and epigenetic aspects of stress regulation. We study the associations of attachment, extreme maternal insensitivity, FKBP5 single nucleotide polymorphism 1360780, and FKBP5 methylation, with cortisol reactivity to the Strange Situation Procedure in 298 14-month-old infants...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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