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Massive Blood Loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319578/safety-and-utility-of-the-drainless-abdominoplasty-in-the-post-bariatric-surgery-patient
#1
Sidhbh Gallagher, Tahereh Soleimani, Christine Wang, Sunil Tholpady, Christopher Jones, William Sando
INTRODUCTION: Surgical drains are used in abdominoplasty patients to combat wound closure disruption by hematoma or seroma formation. Several recent publications have described techniques that allow abdominoplasty to be performed safely without the need for surgical drains. This has not, however, been described in the case of the bariatric patient, who is often considered to be of higher postoperative complication risk. Here, we describe our experience of the drainless abdominoplasty in patients who have undergone massive weight loss (MWL) after a bariatric procedure...
February 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297951/study-of-the-utility-and-problems-of-common-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-for-placenta-previa-with-accreta
#2
Yoshihisa Ono, Yoshihiko Murayama, Sumiko Era, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Tomonori Nagai, Hisato Osada, Yasushi Takai, Kazunori Baba, Satoru Takeda, Hiroyuki Seki
AIMS: We investigated whether common iliac artery balloon occlusion (CIABO) was effective for decreasing blood loss during cesarean hysterectomy (CH) in patients with placenta previa with accreta and was safe for mothers and fetuses. METHODS: Of the 67 patients who underwent CH for placenta previa with accreta at our facility from 1985 to 2014, 57 patients were eligible for the study. The amount of intraoperative bleeding during CH was compared between three groups: surgery without blood flow occlusion (13 patients), internal iliac artery ligation (15 patients) and CIABO (29 patients)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288116/a-study-on-outcome-of-binding-pancreaticogastrostomy-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-prospective-study
#3
Dronacharya Routh, Nishant Pathak, C S Naidu, A K Singh, P P Rao, Priya Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: The type of anastomosis of the pancreas following pancreaticoduodenectomy is often attributed to the reason for pancreatic leak. Results of various randomized trials comparing pancreaticojejunostomy and pancreaticogastrostomy are conflicting one suggesting advantage over the other and vice versa. In this study we intend to critically analyze a novel technique of binding pancreaticogastrostomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to see the outcome of binding pancreaticogastrostomy by evaluating the technical aspects of binding PG and study the incidence of post-operative complications...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275579/-risk-factors-associated-with-massive-drainage-after-posterior-spinal-orthopaedic-surgery-for-adolescent-scoliosis
#4
N Li, R Jia, X P Gu, Z L Ma
Objective: To identify risk factors that influence the massive drainage after posterior spinal orthopaedic surgery for adolescent scoliosis. Methods: A total of 1 461 patients from 11 to 18 years old diagnosed with adolescent scoliosis who underwent first posterior spinal orthopaedic surgery in affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University between November 2010 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized on the basis of massive or normal drainage, with the boundary 30(th) percentile of drainage/estimated blood volume...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243334/effects-of-a-targeted-blood-management-programme-on-allogeneic-blood-transfusion-in-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-surgery
#5
M D Stoneham, S Von Kier, L Harvey, M Murphy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of a dedicated cell salvage practitioner team on blood loss and allogeneic transfusion in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. BACKGROUND: Cell salvage reduces allogeneic transfusion in AAA surgery, but is commonly performed by the anaesthetic nurse. At our hospital, a dedicated patient blood management practitioner is present for all elective open AAA repairs. METHODS/MATERIALS: Data were collected on 171 AAA patients operated on at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford over a 3-year period, looking at the Patient Blood Management processes, including: blood loss, cell salvage, near-patient testing (thrombelastography) and transfusion rates of allogeneic blood products...
December 15, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224263/-strategies-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-bleeding-due-to-vascular-injury-in-thoracoscopic-lung-surgery
#6
J D Mei, Q Pu, L Ma, C W Liu, L X Liu
The technique of thoracoscopic lung surgery has gradually matured. Nowadays, thoracoscope is recommended as the most preferred approach for surgical treatment of early stage non-small cell lung cancer in different guidelines. However, there are still some cases of accidential major bleeding due to vascular injury during thoracoscopic lung surgery. The wall of the hilum vessels is relatively thin. These vessels often involve a great portion of the cardiac output blood flow. Once the injury happened, the emergent condition may be life-threatening due to massive blood loss...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224239/personalized-stepwise-vascular-control-during-complex-hepatectomy-involving-hepatocaval-confluence
#7
Lei Dou, Zong-Ping Yu, Hui-Yuan Yang, Ji Ran, Yi-Fa Chen, Xiao-Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: This study introduces an innovative stepwise vascular control technique to address the high risk of massive bleeding from main hepatic veins and the retro-hepatic inferior vena cava during hepatectomy involving hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: From January 2010 to July 2016, 80 patients underwent stepwise vascular occlusion during complex liver resection involving hepatocaval confluence. Relevant clinical data were collected and compared with those obtained in parallel studies...
December 10, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190257/the-trauma-center-is-too-late-major-limb-trauma-without-a-pre-hospital-tourniquet-has-increased-death-from-hemorrhagic-shock
#8
Michelle H Scerbo, John B Holcomb, Ethan Taub, Keith Gates, Joseph D Love, Charles E Wade, Bryan A Cotton
BACKGROUND: To date, no civilian studies have demonstrated that pre-hospital (PH) tourniquets improve survival. We hypothesized that late, trauma center (TC) tourniquet use would increase death from hemorrhagic shock compared to early (PH) placement. METHODS: All patients arriving to a Level 1, urban TC between October 2008 and January 2016 with a tourniquet placed before (T-PH) or after arrival to the TC (T-TC) were evaluated. Cases were assigned the following designations: indicated (absolute indication [vascular injury requiring repair/ligation, operation within 2 hours for extremity injury, or traumatic amputation] or relative indication [major musculoskeletal/soft tissue injury requiring operation 2-8 hours after arrival, documented large blood loss]) or non-indicated...
December 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184859/risk-factors-for-massive-postpartum-bleeding-in-pregnancies-in-which-incomplete-placenta-previa-are-located-on-the-posterior-uterine-wall
#9
Hyun Jung Lee, Young Jai Lee, Eun Hee Ahn, Hyeon Chul Kim, Sang Hee Jung, Sung Woon Chang, Ji Yeon Lee
Objective: To identify factors associated with massive postpartum bleeding in pregnancies complicated by incomplete placenta previa located on the posterior uterine wall. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. We identified 210 healthy singleton pregnancies with incomplete placenta previa located on the posterior uterine wall, who underwent elective or emergency cesarean section after 24 weeks of gestation between January 2006 and April 2016...
November 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161751/the-jellyfish-sign-a-new-sonographic-cervical-marker-to%C3%A2-predict-maternal-morbidity-in-abnormally-invasive-placenta-previa
#10
Emma Bertucci, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Giovanni Grandi, Valentina Fenu, Carlotta Cani, Luciano Mancini, Ema Mataca, Fabio Facchinetti
Purpose To investigate the value of a new cervical sonographic sign, called the jellyfish sign (JS), for predicting the risk of maternal morbidity in cases of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) previa totalis. Materials and Methods Retrospective evaluation of transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) scans performed in all singleton pregnancies with placenta previa totalis. JS, i. e. the absence of the normal linear demarcation between the placenta previa and the cervix, was evaluated by TV scans. The presence/severity of AIP and outcomes of maternal morbidity were related to this sign...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156640/clinical-beneficial-effects-of-using-crystalloid-only-in-recipients-of-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#11
Chia-Jung Huang, Kwok-Wai Cheng, Chao-Long Chen, Shao-Chun Wu, Tsung-Hsiao Shih, Sheng-Chun Yang, Sin-Ei Juang, Ying-En Lee, Chiu-En Huang, Bruno Jawan, Chih-Hsien Wang
OBJECTIVE: Liver transplantation (LT) is a major surgery associated with intraoperative massive fluid shift, which is usually replaced by crystalloid, 5% albumin (colloid) and blood products. We studied 15 patients from 477 consecutive recipients of adult living donor liver transplantation. Each patient received crystalloid only during LT. Whether LT provides any clinical benefit is not clear and must be determined. METHODS AND PATIENTS: The anesthesia records of 477 adult LDLT were reviewed retrospectively...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143329/matsubara-takahashi-cervix-holding-technique-for-massive-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-with-or-without-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#12
Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Hirotada Suzuki, Yosuke Baba, Shigeki Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of the Matsubara-Takahashi cervix-holding technique (MT-holding) for achieving hemostasis for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: The present retrospective observational study included data from deliveries that occurred between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan. Deliveries were included where patients experienced blood loss greater than 2500 mL and MT-holding was used...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127751/-the-benefit-of-new-angiogenesis-bevacizumab-and-aflibercept-inhibitors-for-multiple-angiomatosis-therapy-a%C3%A2-case-report
#13
Dagmar Brančíková, Lenka Ostřížková, Zdeněk Adam, Tomáš Nebeský, Luděk Pour, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
Angiomatosis is a term for multiple, gradually proliferating hemangiomas (angiodysplasia), affecting multiple organs or tissues at the same time. We describe a 12-year course of treatment of a patient with multiple hemangiomas located in the abdomen, retroperitoneum, oesophagus, mediastinum and also in vertebrae. The diagnosis was made in 2005 within probatory laparotomy, at the age of 28 years. The treatment was commenced right after making the diagnosis with interferon α. Due to its adverse effects (fatigue, anorexia), the use of interferon α was limited to the first year, after which the interferon dose was gradually being reduced until it was discontinued completely...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108378/preoperative-risk-factors-for-massive-blood-loss-in-adrenalectomy-for-pheochromocytoma
#14
Hongju Liu, Bin Li, Xuerong Yu, Yuguang Huang
Background: This retrospective analysis of patients who underwent adrenalectomy for pheochromocytoma aimed to determine preoperative risk factors for intraoperative massive blood loss. Preoperative identification of patients at high-risk of massive blood loss may be helpful in anesthesia management and preoperative preparation. Materials and Methods: The study involved data of 268 patients who had undergone pheochromocytoma surgery at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1, 2013 and October 31, 2016...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107853/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-to-reduce-blood-loss-and-transfusion-on-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-cumulative-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Zhao Dai, Haichen Chu, Shiduan Wang, Yongxin Liang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of tranexamic acid (TA) on off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery. DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Operating room, OPCAB surgery, all surgeries were elective measurements. Searching the following data sources respectively: PubMed/MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and reference lists of identified articles, we performed a meta-analysis of postoperative 24h blood loss, postoperative allogeneic transfusion, re-operation for massive bleeding, postoperative mortality, and postoperative thrombotic complications...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101571/control-of-inferior-vena-cava-injury-during-laparoscopic-surgery-using-a-double-balloon-equipped-central-venous-catheter-proof-of-concept-in-a-live-porcine-model
#16
Yukio Iwashita, Hiroki Uchida, Hiroomi Takayama, Michihiro Ichimanda, Katsuya Taniguchi, Hideki Kiguchi, Tetsumi Sakaguchi, Hajime Fujishima, Kunihiro Saga, Kazuhiro Tada, Takao Hara, Kiminori Watanabe, Teijiro Hirashita, Yuichi Endo, Masayuki Ohta, Masafumi Inomata
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic inferior vena cava (IVC) injury is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication during laparoscopic surgery. This experimental study aimed to assess the hemostatic ability of a new device, double balloon-equipped central venous (DB-CV) catheter, for IVC injury. METHODS: The DB-CV catheter comprises a triple-lumen sphincterotome combined with two dilating balloons having a diameter of 25 mm. The experimental procedures were performed in five pigs...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071418/modified-liver-hanging-maneuver-focusing-on-outflow-control-in-pure-laparoscopic-left-sided-hepatectomy
#17
Ji Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Outflow control during laparoscopic liver resection necessitates the use of technically demanding procedures since the hepatic veins are fragile and vulnerable to damage during parenchymal transection. The liver hanging maneuver reduces venous backflow bleeding during deep parenchymal transection. The present report describes surgical outcomes and a technique to achieve outflow control during application of the modified liver hanging maneuver in patients undergoing laparoscopic left-sided hepatectomy...
October 25, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067758/scoring-model-to-predict-massive-post-partum-bleeding-in-pregnancies-with-placenta-previa-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Ji Yeon Lee, Eun Hee Ahn, Sukho Kang, Myung Jin Moon, Sang Hee Jung, Sung Woon Chang, Hee Young Cho
AIM: We aimed to identify factors associated with massive post-partum bleeding in pregnancies with placenta previa and to establish a scoring model to predict post-partum severe bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in 506 healthy singleton pregnancies with placenta previa from 2006 to 2016. Cases with intraoperative blood loss (≥2000 mL), packed red blood cells transfusion (≥4), uterine artery embolization, or hysterectomy were defined as massive bleeding...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058164/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-hassab-s-procedure-for-esophagogastric-varices-with-portal-hypertension
#19
Takashi Kobayashi, Kohei Miura, Hirosuke Ishikawa, Daiki Soma, Zhengkun Zhang, Takuya Ando, Kizuki Yuza, Yuki Hirose, Tomohiro Katada, Kazuyasu Takizawa, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Hitoshi Kameyama, Toshifumi Wakai
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for patients with portal hypertension is considered to be contraindicated because of the high risk of massive intraoperative hemorrhaging. However, recent reports have shown hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery for devascularization and splenectomy to be a safe and effective method of treating esophagogastric varices with portal hypertension. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of hand-assisted laparoscopic devascularization and splenectomy (HALS Hassab's procedure) for the treatment of esophagogastric varices with portal hypertension...
October 23, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025385/the-impact-of-preoperative-variables-on-intraoperative-blood-loss-and-transfusion-requirements-during-orthotopic-liver-transplant
#20
Mohammad Hossein Eghbal, Kazem Samadi, Mohammad Bagher Khosravi, Mohammad Ali Sahmeddini, Sina Ghaffaripoor, Mohammad Ghorbani, Sakineh Shokrizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant traditionally and potentially is associated with the risk of massive blood loss and transfusion, which can adversely affect transplant outcomes. Many variables influence the amount of bleeding, and these can be categorized as patient related, surgery related, and graft related. We aimed to assess the effects of these variables on the amount of bleeding and transfusion during liver transplant; predicting the risk of massive blood loss can help transplant teams to select and manage patients more effectively...
October 12, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
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