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Minimal invasive pediatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751968/maintaining-oncologic-integrity-with-minimally-invasive-resection-of-pediatric-embryonal-tumors
#1
Hannah M Phelps, Gregory D Ayers, Josephine M Ndolo, Hannah L Dietrich, Katherine D Watson, Melissa A Hilmes, Harold N Lovvorn
BACKGROUND: Embryonal tumors arise typically in infants and young children and are often massive at presentation. Operative resection is a cornerstone in the multimodal treatment of embryonal tumors but potentially disrupts therapeutic timelines. When used appropriately, minimally invasive surgery can minimize treatment delays. The oncologic integrity and safety attainable with minimally invasive resection of embryonal tumors, however, remains controversial. METHODS: Query of the Vanderbilt Cancer Registry identified all children treated for intracavitary, embryonal tumors during a 15-year period...
May 8, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744478/relative-to-open-surgery-minimally-invasive-renal-and-ureteral-pediatric-surgery-offers-no-improvement-in-30-day-complications-yet-requires-longer-operative-time-data-from-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-pediatrics
#2
Marc Colaco, Austin Hester, William Visser, Alison Rasper, Ryan Terlecki
Purpose: Performance of minimally-invasive surgery (MIS) is increasing relative to open surgery. We sought to compare the contemporary rates of short-term complications of open versus laparoscopic renal and ureteral surgery in pediatric patients. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatrics database was performed of all cases in 2014 identified using CPT procedure codes for nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy (PN), ureteroneocystostomy (UNC), and pyeloplasty, and reviewed for postoperative complications...
May 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723132/endoscopic-cauterization-with-pneumatic-distension-for-piriform-fossa-sinus-tracts
#3
María Elena Carazo Palacios, Carlos Gutiérrez, Ignacio Miró, Georgina Sanchís, Vicente Ibáñez, Juan José Vila
INTRODUCTION: Piriform fossa sinus tracts (PFSTs) are a cause of recurrent neck infections in the pediatric population. Conventional management required open resection, but over the last years minimally invasive approaches have been reported in an attempt to endoscopically obliterate the PFST, using different methods such as electrocautery, laser, trichloroacetic acid, or silver nitrate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of the medical records of 12 children (aged 4 months to 14 years) with PFSTs treated with endoscopic sclerosis with diathermy (ESD) between 2010 and 2016 at a tertiary care children's hospital...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706456/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-up-front-use-of-balloon-catheter-dilation-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
Laura Kathryn House, Andrea F Lewis, Mary G Ashmead
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pediatric sinusitis continues to be a controversial topic. It has been recommended to treat pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with adenoidectomy before proceeding to more invasive techniques. There are concerns regarding side effects of endoscopic sinus surgery in pediatric patients. With the advent of balloon catheter dilation (BCD) as a minimally invasive technique, some authors are recommending up front adenoidectomy with BCD in order to maximize disease resolution while minimizing risk...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685785/validation-of-a-low-cost-do-it-yourself-model-for-neonatal-thoracoscopic-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-repair
#5
Pedro Reino-Pires, Manuel Lopez
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate a low cost, do-it-yourself model for neonatal thoracoscopic congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). DESIGN: Volunteers with varying skills in neonatal minimally invasive surgery tested and evaluated the model simulating a neonatal thoracoscopic CDH repair. The model was built from ordinary materials purchased in a dime store: a small food container, a neoprene band simulating a diaphragm, an inflated balloon simulating a spleen, a tissue chord simulating intestine, and a body wash sponge simulating a collapsed lung...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680873/pediatric-nephrolithiasis-a-systematic-approach-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Giuseppina Marra, Francesca Taroni, Alfredo Berrettini, Emanuele Montanari, Gianantonio Manzoni, Giovanni Montini
Nephrolithiasis is a rare disease in children. For many years children with kidney stones have been managed like "small adults", but there are significant differences between the pediatric and the adult age in clinical presentation, etiology and treatment. Management of this condition in children has some peculiarities with respect to the adult, as it is often the sign of an underlying metabolic abnormality. Some of these metabolic alterations can lead to serious consequences, such as chronic renal failure, if not adequately diagnosed and treated...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676162/endoscopic-management-of-primary-obstructive-megaureter-a-systematic-review
#7
Alexander D Doudt, Chad R Pusateri, Matthew Christman
BACKGROUND: The gold standard treatment for primary obstructive megaureter (POM) with declining renal function, worsening obstruction, or recurrent infections is ureteral re-implantation with or without tapering. In infants, open surgery can be technically demanding and associated with significant morbidity. We conducted a systematic review of the literature with special interest in endoscopic management of POM and its outcomes. METHODS: A search was conducted of the MEDLINE/Ovid, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661575/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-resection-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-are-equivalent-to-open-laparotomy
#8
Brian Ezekian, Harold J Leraas, Brian R Englum, Brian F Gilmore, Christopher Reed, Tamara N Fitzgerald, Henry E Rice, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is a common congenital anomaly caused by failure of involution of the omphalomesenteric duct. Enthusiasm for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in children has burgeoned as technologies have advanced, but the outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison to open laparotomy for MD remain poorly defined. We queried a large national database to compare current practice patterns and clinical outcomes between surgical approaches for MD in the pediatric population...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628708/management-of-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-in-adolescent-patients-using-intramedullary-flexible-nails-a-case-series
#9
Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Jennifer J Misenhimer, Ahmed Kotb, Ahmed M Thabet, Amr A Abdelgawad
Introduction: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in adolescent patients. In this study we present our technique and results for treating non-comminuted displaced midshaft clavicle fractures using flexible intra medullary nails. Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data using the electronic medical record was performed. Adolescent patients presenting to a level one pediatric trauma center with acute displaced non comminuted clavicular shaft fractures who were treated with intra medullary flexible nails were included in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616411/benefits-of-retroperitoneoscopic-surgery-in-pediatric-urology
#10
REVIEW
Mariapina Cerulo, M Escolino, F Turrà, A Roberti, A Farina, C Esposito
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to find out the benefits of retroperitoneoscopy for the most common urological diseases in children. RECENT FINDINGS: The emergence of minimally invasive surgery about 20 years ago revolutionized pediatric urology. In this context, laparoscopy and later retroperitoneoscopy were developed and applied to a wide spectrum of urological diseases. Both approaches have since presented benefits and disadvantages that have been documented in various series...
April 3, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602550/minimally-invasive-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-analysis-of-the-nsqip-database-and-the-use-of-thoracoscopy
#11
Oswald Tetteh, Daniel S Rhee, Emily Boss, Samuel M Alaish, Alejandro V Garcia
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) has been widely accepted and has become a viable alternative to the open Ravitch technique. MIRPE has evolved over time with some advocating that a safe repair can be accomplished without direct visualization utilizing thoracoscopy. The MIRPE with and without a thoracoscopic approach has not been previously analyzed from a nationwide database to determine differences in safety and short-term outcomes. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) 2012-2015 database was used in identifying patients that had MIRPE using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and ICD-9CM/ICD-10CM postoperative diagnosis codes...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589456/-laparoscopy-at-the-pediatric-surgery-department-for-a-five-year-period
#12
D Starý, J Tůma, R Doušek, R Macháček, J Škvařil, L Plánka
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy in small children was developed only after the adoption and verification of basic principles in adult patients and is mostly concentrated in specialized facilities due to the possible complications and necessity of follow-up specialized anesthesiological and post-operative care. In the 1990s, the Clinic of Paediatric Surgery, Orthopaedics and Traumatology at University Hospital Brno was one of the first in the Czech Republic to begin operating on children laparoscopically...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516058/use-of-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa-for-pediatric-endoscopic-tympanic-membrane-repair
#13
REVIEW
Razan A Basonbul, Michael S Cohen
Tympanic membrane perforationsoccur frequently in children, and can result in hearing loss, otorrhea, pain, and cholesteatoma. Due to the narrower ear canal in children, a postauricular incision is often needed to access the tympanic membrane for surgical repair. Endoscopic approaches are increasingly being used for tympanic membrane repair, reducing the need for postauricular incisions. As the need for a postauricular incision decreases, the demand for non-autologous grafting material has increased. Acellular porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) has been described in the literature as an alternative to commonly used autologous grafts, and is well suited for use with transcanal endoscopic ear surgery as a minimally invasive approach...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516057/results-of-pediatric-endoscopic-and-endoscopically-assisted-tympanoplasty
#14
Glenn Isaacson, Jonathan A Harounian
Objectives: To evaluate the success of pediatric endoscopic and endoscopically assisted transcanal cartilage inlay tympanoplasty. Methods: Retrospective review of single surgeon experience. Results: During a 3 year period, 30 children underwent 31 endoscopic or endoscopically assisted transcanal tympanoplasties by the senior surgeon using tragal cartilage/perichondrial inlay grafts. There were 22 boys and 8 girls, ranging in age from 3.5 to 17 years (median 6 years)...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506847/postoperative-outcomes-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#15
Caitlyn M Costanzo, Charles Vinocur, Loren Berman
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is one of the most common indications for non-elective surgery in the neonatal population. Multiple small prospective trials have shown that postoperative outcomes for laparoscopic versus open pyloromyotomy are equivalent or slightly better with the minimally invasive approach. This study uses a prospective national database to compare postoperative complications and length of stay for infants undergoing laparoscopic versus open pyloromyotomy...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503221/collaborating-with-our-adult-colleagues-a-case-series-of-robotic-surgery-for-suspicious-and-cancerous-lesions-in-children-and-young-adults-performed-in-a-free-standing-children-s-hospital
#16
Briony K Varda, Patricia Cho, Andrew A Wagner, Richard S Lee
BACKGROUND: In adult urologic oncology the use of robotics has become commonplace; in pediatric urology it is rare. Herein, we describe a collaboration between an adult and a pediatric urologist performing robotic surgery for children and young adults with suspicious or cancerous genitourinary (GU) lesions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes in children and young adults undergoing robotic surgery for suspicious or cancerous lesions of the GU tract; to describe our collaborative model between an adult and pediatric surgeon at a free-standing children's hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503220/prospective-multicenter-study-on-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-extravesical-ureteral-reimplantation-ralur-ev-outcomes-and-complications
#17
William R Boysen, Ardavan Akhavan, Joan Ko, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas S Lendvay, Jonathan Huang, Michael Garcia-Roig, Andrew Kirsch, Chester J Koh, Marion Schulte, Paul Noh, M Francesca Monn, Benjamin Whittam, Trudy Kawal, Aseem Shukla, Arun Srinivasan, Mohan S Gundeti
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation (RALUR-EV) is a minimally invasive alternative to open surgery. We have previously reported retrospective outcomes from our study group, and herein provide an updated prospective analysis with a focus on success rate, surgical technique, and complications among surgeons who have overcome the initial learning curve. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of RALUR-EV in children, among experienced surgeons...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479943/current-perspectives-in-robotic-assisted-surgery
#18
Aurélien Binet, Quentin Ballouhey, Yann Chaussy, Guénolée de Lambert, Karim Braïk, Thierry Villemagne, François Becmeur, Laurent Fourcade, Hubert Lardy
From classical surgery to Robotic Assisted Surgery, there is a long way allowed by Minimal Invasive Surgery' improvements. The last three decades have witnessed a prodigious development of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and especially in the field of laparoscopic pediatric surgery but there are several limitations in the use of conventional laparoscopic surgery and Robotic Assisted Surgery was developed to relieve these drawbacks. This new technology enables today the performance of a wide variety of procedures in children with a minimally invasive approach...
February 23, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473813/tubular-approach-to-minimally-invasive-microdiscectomy-for-pediatric-lumbar-disc-herniation
#19
Julio D Montejo, Joaquin Q Camara-Quintana, Daniel Duran, Jeannine M Rockefeller, Sierra B Conine, Alyssa M Blaise, Kristopher T Kahle, Michael L DiLuna
OBJECTIVE Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in the pediatric population is rare and exhibits unique characteristics compared with adult LDH. There are limited data regarding the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) using tubular retractors in pediatric patients with LDH. Here, the outcomes of MIS tubular microdiscectomy for the treatment of pediatric LDH are evaluated. METHODS Twelve consecutive pediatric patients with LDH were treated with MIS tubular microdiscectomy at the authors' institution between July 2011 and October 2015...
May 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451454/efficacy-of-intraoperative-ultrasonography-in-neurosurgical-tumor-resection
#20
Jared F Sweeney, Heather Smith, AmiLyn Taplin, Eric Perloff, Matthew A Adamo
OBJECTIVE Intraoperative ultrasonography (IOUS) is a widely accessible imaging modality that provides real-time surgical guidance with minimal identified risk or additional operative time. A recent study by the authors found a strong correlation between IOUS and postoperative MRI findings when evaluating the extent of tumor resection, suggesting that IOUS might have significant clinical implications. The objective of this study was to expand on results from the previous study in order to provide more evidence on the usage of IOUS in the determination of gross-total resection (GTR) in both adult and pediatric patients with brain tumors...
May 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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