Read by QxMD icon Read

Vascular CACNA1C

Thassio R Mesquita, Gaëlle Auguste, Débora Falcón, Gema Ruiz-Hurtado, Rogelio Salazar-Enciso, Jessica Sabourin, Florence Lefebvre, Say Viengchareun, Hussein Kobeissy, Patrick Lechène, Valérie Nicolas, Amaya Fernandez-Celis, Susana Gómez, Sandra Lauton Santos, Eric Morel, Angelica Rueda, Natalia López-Andrés, Ana Maria Gómez, Marc Lombès, Jean-Pierre Benitah
RATIONALE: The MR (mineralocorticoid receptor) antagonists belong to the current therapeutic armamentarium for the management of cardiovascular diseases, but the mechanisms conferring their beneficial effects are poorly understood. Part of the cardiovascular effects of MR is because of the regulation of L-type Cav 1.2 Ca2+ channel expression, which is generated by tissue-specific alternative promoters as a long cardiac or short vascular N-terminal transcripts. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the molecular mechanisms by which aldosterone, through MR, modulates Cav 1...
March 30, 2018: Circulation Research
Fei Wang, Masayo Koide, George C Wellman
Voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) play an essential role in regulating cerebral artery diameter and it is widely appreciated that the L-type VDCC, CaV1.2, encoded by the CACNA1C gene, is a principal Ca(2+) entry pathway in vascular myocytes. However, electrophysiological studies using 10 mM extracellular barium ([Ba(2+)]o) as a charge carrier have shown that ~20% of VDCC currents in cerebral artery myocytes are insensitive to 1,4-dihydropyridine (1,4-DHP) L-type VDDC inhibitors such as nifedipine. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that the concentration of extracellular divalent cations can influence nifedipine inhibition of VDCC currents...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Jingwen Liao, Yanyan Zhang, Fang Ye, Lin Zhang, Yu Chen, Fanxing Zeng, Lijun Shi
Accumulating evidence has shown that epigenetic regulation is involved in hypertension and aging. L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs), the dominant channels in vascular myocytes, greatly contribute to arteriole contraction and blood pressure (BP) control. We investigated the dynamic changes and epigenetic regulation of LTCC in the mesenteric arteries of aging hypertensive rats. LTCC function was evaluated by using microvascular rings and whole-cell patch-clamp in the mesenteric arteries of male Wistar-Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats at established hypertension (3 month old) and an aging stage (16 month old), respectively...
May 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Gerhard P Dahl, Gregory E Conner, Feng Qiu, Junjie Wang, Edward Spindler, Jason A Campagna, H Peter Larsson
UNLABELLED: Clevidipine, a dihydropyridine (DHP) analogue, lowers blood pressure (BP) by inhibiting l-type calcium channels (CaV1.2; gene CACNA1C) predominantly located in vascular smooth muscle (VSM). However, clinical observations suggest that clevidipine acts by a more complex mechanism. Clevidipine more potently reduces pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) than systemic vascular resistance and its spectrum of effects on PVR are not shared by other DHPs. Clevidipine has potent spasmolytic effects in peripheral arteries at doses that are sub-clinical for BP lowering and, in hypertensive acute heart failure, clevidipine, but not other DHPs, provides dyspnea relief, partially independent of BP reduction...
August 2016: EBioMedicine
Abdelhamid Sahraoui, Céline Dewachter, Geoffrey de Medina, Robert Naeije, Souhila Aouichat Bouguerra, Laurence Dewachter
BACKGROUND: Psammomys obesus gerbils are particularly prone to develop diabetes and obesity after brief period of abundant food intake. A hypercaloric high fat diet has been shown to affect cardiac function. Here, we sought to determine whether a short period of high fat feeding might alter myocardial structure and expression of calcium handling proteins in this particular strain of gerbils. METHODS: Twenty Psammomys obesus gerbils were randomly assigned to receive a normal plant diet (controls) or a high fat diet...
2016: PloS One
Nikolai M Soldatov
Cav1.2 calcium channels are the principal proteins involved in electrical, mechanical, and/or signaling functions of the cell. Cav1.2 couples membrane depolarization to the transient increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration that is a trigger for muscle contraction and CREB-dependent transcriptional activation. The CACNA1C gene coding for the Cav1.2 pore-forming α 1C subunit is subject to extensive alternative splicing. This review is the first attempt to follow the association between cell proliferation, Cav1...
2013: ISRN Biochemistry
Katrin Wenzel, Hannelore Haase, Gerd Wallukat, Wolfgang Derer, Sabine Bartel, Volker Homuth, Florian Herse, Norbert Hubner, Herbert Schulz, Marion Janczikowski, Carsten Lindschau, Christoph Schroeder, Stefan Verlohren, Ingo Morano, Dominik N Muller, Friedrich C Luft, Rainer Dietz, Ralf Dechend, Peter Karczewski
BACKGROUND: Agonistic autoantibodies directed at the alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1)-AAB) have been described in patients with hypertension. We implied earlier that alpha(1)-AAB might have a mechanistic role and could represent a therapeutic target. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To pursue the issue, we performed clinical and basic studies. We observed that 41 of 81 patients with refractory hypertension had alpha(1)-AAB; after immunoadsorption blood pressure was significantly reduced in these patients...
2008: PloS One
Xiaoyang Cheng, Jianxi Liu, Maria Asuncion-Chin, Eva Blaskova, John P Bannister, Alejandro M Dopico, Jonathan H Jaggar
Voltage-dependent L-type Ca(2+) (Ca(V)1.2) channels are the principal Ca(2+) entry pathway in arterial myocytes. Ca(V)1.2 channels regulate multiple vascular functions and are implicated in the pathogenesis of human disease, including hypertension. However, the molecular identity of Ca(V)1.2 channels expressed in myocytes of myogenic arteries that regulate vascular pressure and blood flow is unknown. Here, we cloned Ca(V)1.2 subunits from resistance size cerebral arteries and demonstrate that myocytes contain a novel, cysteine rich N terminus that is derived from exon 1 (termed "exon 1c"), which is located within CACNA1C, the Ca(V)1...
October 5, 2007: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"