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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817874/re-absorbent-products-use-and-symptom-distress-in-women-who-have-urinary-incontinence-and-heart-failure
#1
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#2
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817814/cardiac-computed-tomography-angiographic-findings-as-predictors-of-late-heart-failure-in-an-asymptomatic-diabetic-cohort-an-8-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#3
David A Halon, Jubran Ayman, Ronen Rubinshtein, Barak Zafrir, Mali Azencot, Basil S Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Predictive models for heart failure (HF) in heterogeneous populations have had limited success. We examined cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) predictors of HF or cardiovascular death (HF-CVD) in a prospective study of asymptomatic diabetics undergoing baseline assessment by CTA. METHODS: The subjects (n = 735, aged 55-74 years, 51.2% women) had no clinical history of cardiovascular disease at study entry. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, CTA-defined coronary atherosclerosis, cardiac chamber volumes, and clinical data were collected and late outcome events recorded over 8...
August 18, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817542/safety-of-transesophageal-echocardiography%C3%A2-guided-electrical-cardioversion-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-inadequate-anticoagulation
#4
Joanna Zaprutko, Artur Baszko, Michał Michalak, Karol Kochman, Radosław Szymański, Jan Kłopocki, Anna Nowicka, Rafał Dankowski, Marek Michalski, Piotr Kałmucki, Andrzej Szyszka
INTRODUCTION    Restoring sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)/atrial flutter (AFl) requires adequate oral anticoagulation prior to direct current cardioversion (DCC). Some patients eligible for DCC are not properly anticoagulated. OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for thrombus and spontaneous echo contrast (SEC) in the left atrium (LA) as well as the safety profile of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided DCC in patients with inadequate anticoagulation...
August 9, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817484/levosimendan-in-acute-and-advanced-heart-failure-an-appraisal-of-the-clinical-database-and-evaluation-of-its-therapeutic-applications
#5
J Altenberger, F Gustafsson, V-P Harjola, K Karason, D Kindgen-Milles, M Kivikko, G Malfatto, Z Papp, J Parissis, P Pollesello, G Pölzl, C Tschöpe
The use of inotropes for correcting haemodynamic dysfunction in patients with congestive heart failure has been described over many decades. However, negative or insufficient data have been collected regarding the effects of cardiac glycosides, catecholamines and phosphodiesterase inhibitors on quality of life and survival. More recently, the calcium sensitizer and potassium channel-opener levosimendan has been proposed as a safer inodilator than traditional agents in some heart failure settings, such as Advanced Heart Failure...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817366/trajectory-of-dyspnea-and-respiratory-distress-among-patients-in-the-last-month-of-life
#6
Margaret L Campbell, Jason M Kiernan, John Strandmark, Hossein N Yarandi
BACKGROUND: The trajectory of dyspnea has been reported among patients approaching the end of life. However, patients near death have been dropped from longitudinal studies or excluded altogether because of an inability to self-report; proxy estimates have been reported. It is not known whether dyspnea or respiratory distress remains stable, escalates, or abates as patients reach last days. OBJECTIVE: Determine trajectory of dyspnea (self-reported) and respiratory distress (observed) among patients who were approaching death...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817241/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-heart-failure-risk-in-the-elderly
#7
Catarina Magalhães Porto, Vanessa De Lima Silva, João Soares Brito da Luz, Brivaldo Markman Filho, Vera Magalhães da Silveira
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D deficiency and risk of heart failure in elderly patients of cardiology outpatient clinics. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study with an analytical approach was employed. Clinical data were collected from the elderly from August 2015 to February 2016. The dependent variable was the risk of heart failure; the independent variable was vitamin D deficiency; and intervening factors were age, gender, education, ethnicity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, renal failure, dementia, stroke, dyslipidaemia, depression, smoking, alcoholism, obesity, andropause, and cardiac arrhythmia...
August 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816949/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-kcnj12-mutation-as-a-cause-of-familial-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#8
Hai-Xin Yuan, Kai Yan, Dong-Yan Hou, Zhi-Yong Zhang, Hua Wang, Xin Wang, Juan Zhang, Xiao-Rong Xu, Yan-Hong Liang, Wen-Shu Zhao, Lin Xu, Lin Zhang
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular dilation, and is associated with systolic dysfunction and increased action potential duration. Approximately 50% of DCM cases are caused by inherited gene mutations with genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Next generation sequencing may be useful in screening unknown mutations in such cases.A family was identified with DCM, in which the affected family members developed heart failure, arrhythmia, and sudden death. Probands and 4 affected family members underwent whole exome sequencing (WES), bioinformatics methods, and gene annotation to identify potentially causative variants...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816774/practitioner-gender-and-quality-of-care-in-ambulatory-cardiology-practices-a-report-from-the-national-cardiovascular-data-practice-innovation-and-clinical-excellence-pinnacle-registry
#9
Dipti Gupta, Fengming Tang, Frederick A Masoudi, Philip G Jones, Paul S Chan, Stacie L Daugherty
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that female practitioners are more likely to provide guideline-concordant care than male practitioners; however, little is known about the role of practitioner gender in cardiology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to measure the association between practitioner gender and adherence to the cardiovascular performance measures in the American College of Cardiology's ambulatory Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence Registry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816745/restoration-of-normal-sympathetic-neural-function-in-heart-failure-following-baroreflex-activation-therapy-final-43-month-study-report
#10
Raffaella Dell'Oro, Edoardo Gronda, Gino Seravalle, Giuseppe Costantino, Luca Alberti, Barbara Baronio, Tiziana Staine, Emilio Vanoli, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Grassi
BACKGROUND: Baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) exerts in severe heart failure sympathoinhibitory effects, improving clinical variables and reducing hospitalization rate. The current follow-up study was aimed at determining the long-term effects of BAT, assessing whether BAT in heart failure allows to restore physiological levels of sympathetic function. METHODS: Seven patients out of the 11 heart failure patients aged 66.5 ± 3 years (mean ± SEM) in New York Heart Association Class III with left ventricular ejection fraction 40% or less and impaired functional capacity recruited in the study survived at the final follow-up (43...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816096/management-of-severe-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-a-neonate-on-veno-arterial-ecmo-by-the-temporary-clamping-of-the-endotracheal-tube-a-case-report
#11
Vaclab Vobruba, Tomas Grus, Frantisek Mlejnsky, Jan Belohlavek, Jan Hridel, Lukas Lambert
Severe pulmonary hemorrhage in the newborn is an infrequent, but life-threatening, event. A newborn with persistent pulmonary hypertension and a large persistent ductus arteriosus and open foramen ovale presented with hypoxemia and progressive right heart failure shortly after birth, requiring veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Twenty minutes after the initiation of ECMO, the patient developed severe pulmonary hemorrhage refractory to conventional treatment. As a last resort, the endotracheal tube was clamped...
August 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816094/theories-of-health-care-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life-a-meta-ethnography
#12
Kyounghae Kim, Katherine Heinze, Jiayun Xu, Melissa Kurtz, Hyunjeong Park, Megan Foradori, Marie T Nolan
The aim of this meta-ethnography is to appraise the types and uses of theories relative to end-of-life decision making and to develop a conceptual framework to describe end-of-life decision making among patients with advanced cancers, heart failure, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers or providers. We used PubMed, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases to extract English-language articles published between January 2002 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815593/hypothalamic-neurons-out-of-control
#13
Quentin J Pittman
There is now considerable evidence that a number of pathophysiological conditions, including heart failure (HF), lead to excessive secretion into the blood of the neurohypophysial hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815407/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-early-use-of-v2-receptor-antagonists-in-elderly-patients-with-decompensated-heart-failure
#14
Ryuichi Matsukawa, Toru Kubota, Masanori Okabe, Yusuke Yamamoto, Hiroshi Meno
We recently reported that the early initiation of tolvaptan in congestive heart failure shortened the hospital stay and reduced the rate of in-hospital death. However, whether or not these results apply to elderly patients with congestive heart failure is unclear. We performed a sub-analysis of our previous study. Among the 102 patients in that study, we retrospectively analyzed the elderly patients >75 years of age treated with tolvaptan. First, we analyzed the efficacy of early tolvaptan use in these patients...
August 16, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814833/markers-of-oxidative-nitrosative-stress-and-inflammation-in-lung-tissue-of-rats-exposed-to-different-intravenous-iron-compounds
#15
Jorge E Toblli, Gabriel Cao, Jorge F Giani, Fernando P Dominici, Margarita Angerosa
Iron deficiency anemia is a frequent complication in clinical conditions such as chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and excessive blood loss. Given the ability of iron to catalyze redox reactions, iron therapy can be associated with oxidative stress. The lung is uniquely susceptible to oxidative stress, and little is known about the effects of intravenous iron treatment in this organ. This study characterized changes in markers of oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammation in the lung of non-iron deficient, non-anemic rats treated with five weekly doses (40 mg iron per kg body weight) of low molecular weight iron dextran (LMWID), iron sucrose (IS), ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), ferumoxytol (FMX), iron isomaltoside 1000 (IIM), or saline (control)...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814738/identification-of-novel-non-secosteroidal-vitamin-d-receptor-agonists-with-potent-cardioprotective-effects-and%C3%A2-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-devoid-of-hypercalcemia
#16
Santosh A Khedkar, Mohammed A Samad, Sangita Choudhury, Ji Yoo Lee, Dongsheng Zhang, Ravi I Thadhani, S Ananth Karumanchi, Alan C Rigby, Peter M Kang
Vitamin D regulates many biological processes, but its clinical utility is limited by its hypercalcemic effect. Using a virtual screening platform to search novel chemical probes that activate the vitamin D signaling, we report discovery of novel non-steroidal small-molecule compounds that activate the vitamin D receptor (VDR), but are devoid of hypercalcemia. A lead compound (known as VDR 4-1) demonstrated potent transcriptional activities in a VDR reporter gene assay, and significantly ameliorated cardiac hypertrophy in cell culture studies and in animal models...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814710/left-univentricular-pacing-by-rate-adaptive-atrioventricular-delay-in-treatment-of-chronic-heart-failure
#17
Lulu Zhao, Ling Zhao, Lijin Pu, Baotong Hua, Yu Wang, Shumin Li, Qing Li, Tao Guo
BACKGROUND Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is efficacious in the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF); however, because it is non-physiological, some patients are unresponsive. The present study used rate-adaptive atrioventricular delay (RAAVD) to track the physiological atrioventricular delay and investigated the effects of left univentricular pacing on CRT. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with CHF fulfilling the indication of CRT Class I were categorized into a left univentricular pacing by RAAVD group and a standard biventricular pacing group...
August 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814664/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-treatment-with-carvedilol-for-heart-failure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Samar Farha, Didem Saygin, Margaret M Park, Hoi I Cheong, Kewal Asosingh, Suzy Aa Comhair, Olivia R Stephens, Emir C Roach, Jacqueline Sharp, Kristin B Highland, Frank P DiFilippo, Donald R Neumann, W H Wilson Tang, Serpil C Erzurum
BACKGROUND: Right-sided heart failure is the leading cause of death in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Similar to left heart failure, sympathetic overactivation and β-adrenoreceptor (βAR) abnormalities are found in PAH. Based on successful therapy of left heart failure with β-blockade, the safety and benefits of the nonselective β-blocker/vasodilator carvedilol were evaluated in PAH. METHODS: PAH Treatment with Carvedilol for Heart Failure (PAHTCH) is a single-center, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial...
August 17, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814587/a-case-of-cardiopulmonary-arrest-due-to-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-in-a-pregnant-woman
#19
Emiko Ejima, Yoshinobu Murasato
We present the case of a young pregnant woman with cardiopulmonary arrest due to acute coronary syndrome. Emergent coronary angiography (CAG) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) showed extensive coronary artery dissection in the left anterior descending artery, which was treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. After managing the heart failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation, a dead fetus was delivered via caesarean section 4 days after admission to the hospital. Follow-up CAG and IVUS at 18 months showed persistent dissection in the non-stented site; hence, another stent was implanted...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814447/acute-myocarditis-secondary-to-cardiac-tuberculosis
#20
Alice Cowley, Laura Dobson, John Kurian, Christopher Saunderson
Isolated myocardial involvement in tuberculosis is exceedingly rare but there are reports it can present with sudden cardiac death, atrioventricular block, ventricular arrhythmias or congestive cardiac failure. We report the case of a 33 year-old male, of South Asian descent, who presented with chest pain, shortness of breath and an abnormal ECG. The patient had no significant past medical history and coronary angiogram showed no evidence of coronary artery disease. Of note the patient had recently been discharged from a local district hospital with an episode of myocarditis...
August 16, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
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