keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

living donor renal transplantation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058214/older-candidates-for-kidney-transplantation-who-to-refer-and-what-to-expect
#1
REVIEW
Beatrice P Concepcion, Rachel C Forbes, Heidi M Schaefer
The number of older end-stage renal disease patients being referred for kidney transplantation continues to increase. This rise is occurring alongside the continually increasing prevalence of older end-stage renal disease patients. Although older kidney transplant recipients have decreased patient and graft survival compared to younger patients, transplantation in this patient population is pursued due to the survival advantage that it confers over remaining on the deceased donor waiting list. The upper limit of age and the extent of comorbidity and frailty at which transplantation ceases to be advantageous is not known...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058212/complement-related-kidney-diseases-recurrence-after-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Maurizio Salvadori, Elisabetta Bertoni
The recurrence of renal disease after renal transplantation is becoming one of the main causes of graft loss after kidney transplantation. This principally concerns some of the original diseases as the atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), the membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), in particular the MPGN now called C3 glomerulopathy. Both this groups of renal diseases are characterized by congenital (genetic) or acquired (auto-antibodies) modifications of the alternative pathway of complement...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058211/organ-transplantation-and-drug-eluting-stents-perioperative-challenges
#3
REVIEW
Aparna Dalal
Patients listed for organ transplant frequently have severe coronary artery disease (CAD), which may be treated with drug eluting stents (DES). Everolimus and zotarolimus eluting stents are commonly used. Newer generation biolimus and novolimus eluting biodegradable stents are becoming increasingly popular. Patients undergoing transplant surgery soon after the placement of DES are at increased risk of stent thrombosis (ST) in the perioperative period. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor such as clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor is instated post stenting to decrease the incident of ST...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052685/occurrence-of-malignancies-after-kidney-transplantation-in-adults-slovak-multicenter-experience
#4
Z Zilinska, M Sersenova, M Chrastina, J Breza Sr, L Bena, T Baltesova, A Jurcina, R Roland, E Lackova, M Cellar, L Laca, I Dedinska
Malignancies are one of the three major causes of renal recipient´s death with a functioning graft after cardiovascular diseases and infections. Among the variety of risk factors, including conventional and specific to transplant recipients, the duration of immunosuppressive therapy, the intensity of therapy, and the type of immunosuppressive agent all have an impact on development of post-transplant malignancy. The aim of our retrospective study was to document the incidence, the type of malignancies, the patient/graft survival in the group of kidney transplant recipients in Slovak Republic, and to identify the factors which influenced the outcome...
January 5, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052302/rationale-for-the-evaluation-of-renal-functional-reserve-in-living-kidney-donors-and-recipients-a-pilot-study
#5
Alessandra Spinelli, Aashish Sharma, Gianluca Villa, Sara Samoni, Francesco Ramponi, Alessandra Brocca, Alessandra Brendolan, Stefano Chiaramonte, Giuseppe Castellano, Loreto Gesualdo, Claudio Ronco
BACKGROUND: In living kidney transplantation, preoperative donors' renal functional reserve (RFR) may correlate with postoperative residual renal function in both donors and recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the donors' RFR before transplantation and to compare basal and stress renal function before and after transplantation in both donors and recipients. METHODS: Seven pairs of living kidney donors and recipients were considered for this observational study...
January 5, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036114/does-statins-promote-vascular-calcification-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Zhimin Chen, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Paolo Parini, Eva Hurt-Camejo, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Peter Barany, Armand Jaminon, Leon J Schurgers, Olof Heimburger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD), coronary artery calcification (CAC) and inflammation contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins do not improve survival in ESRD patients and their effect on vascular calcification is unclear. We explored associations between CAC, inflammatory biomarkers, statins and mortality in ESRD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 240 ESRD patients (63% males; median age 56 years) from cohorts including 86 recipients of living donor kidney transplant (LD-Rtx), 96 incident dialysis patients and 58 prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients, associations of CAC score (Agatston Units, AUs), interleukin-6 (IL-6) with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumour necrosis factor (TNF), use of statins and all-cause mortality were analysed...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031642/plausible-role-of-acute-hiv-infection-mediated-immune-activation-in-causing-renal-allograft-rejection-a-case-report
#7
Vivek Jayaschandran, Prejith P Rajendran, Mamata Khanal, Prathik Krishnan, Poornima Ramadas, Asha Alex, Lakshmi Nambiar, David A Hirschwerk, Joseph P McGowan, Nicole Ali, Amit Basu, Madhu Bhaskaran, Ernesto P Molmenti
Current research states that AIDS pathogenesis has its roots in a chronic activation of immune system secondary to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-induced proliferation of T cells, B cells, NK cells, and macrophages. Immune activation due to acute HIV infection can be highly detrimental to allograft survival in a renal transplant recipient. In this report, we describe a 32-year-old African-American male patient who underwent a second live donor renal transplant, following which he developed acute allograft rejection coincident with newly acquired HIV seropositivity...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031344/lifetime-risk-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-europe-a-population-based-study-using-data-from-the-era-edta-registry
#8
Jan A J G van den Brand, Maria Pippias, Vianda S Stel, Fergus J Caskey, Frederic Collart, Partik Finne, James Heaf, Jean-Philippe Jais, Reinhard Kramar, Ziad A Massy, Johan De Meester, Jamie P Traynor, Anna Varberg Reisæter, Jack F M Wetzels, Kitty J Jager
BACKGROUND: Upcoming KDIGO guidelines for the evaluation of living kidney donors are expected to move towards a personal risk-based evaluation of potential donors. We present the age and sex-specific lifetime risk of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease in 10 European countries. METHODS: We defined lifetime risk of RRT as the cumulative incidence of RRT up to age 90 years. We obtained RRT incidence rates per million population by 5-year age groups and sex using data from the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) Registry, and used these to estimate the cumulative incidence of RRT, adjusting for competing mortality risk...
December 28, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005001/recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-among-renal-transplant-recipients-risk-factors-and-long-term-outcome
#9
Khaled Abdel Tawab, Osama Gheith, Torki Al Otaibi, Naryanam Nampoory, Hany Mansour, Medhat A Halim, Prasad Nair, Tarek Said, Mohamed Abdelmonem, Ayman El-Sayed, Waleed Awadain
OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract infection is the most common type of bacterial infection in kidney transplant procedures, with adverse effects on graft and patient survival. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors of recurrent urinary tract infection in renal transplant recipients and its impact on patient and graft survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort of 1019 patients who were transplanted between 2000 and 2010 at Hamed Al-Essa Organ Transplant Center in Kuwait, 86% developed at least 1 episode of urinary tract infection, with only 6...
December 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005000/nonsurgically-treated-sigmoid-volvulus-in-a-young-patient-3-days-after-renal-transplant
#10
İsmail Bilgiç, Mehmet Tolga Kafadar, Işılay Nadir, Mukaddes Ayşe Bilgiç, Ali Akçay, Aydın Dalgıç
Sigmoid volvulus is a rare clinical condition in young individuals. It should be accurately diagnosed and treated in a rapid manner. Surgical and nonsurgical conservative methods are used for the treatment of sigmoid volvulus. Patients having no signs of perforation or peritonitis should be primarily treated by colonoscopic detorsion. A delay in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition may cause significant morbidity and mortality in an immunosuppressed patient with newly performed renal transplant and diffuse abdominal pain...
December 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004999/a-follow-up-study-on-the-renal-protective-efficacy-of-telbivudine-for-hepatitis-b-virus-infected-taiwanese-patients-after-living-donor-liver-transplant
#11
Kuo-Hua Lin, Yao-Li Chen, Ping-Yi Lin, Chia-En Hsieh, Chih-Jan Ko, Chia-Cheng Lin, Ying-Zi Ming
OBJECTIVES: Preservation of renal function is an important issue after living donor liver transplant. We aimed to examine the renal protective efficacy of telbivudine in hepatitis B virus-infected patients after living donor liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared 18 patients who received telbivudine 600 mg once per day and 23 patients who received entecavir 1 mg once per day after living donor liver transplant. Clinical data were obtained through chart review and included Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score and pre- and postoperative aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and creatinine levels and estimated glomerular filtration rate...
December 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997071/integrating-apol-1-gene-variants-into-renal-transplantation-considerations-arising-from-the-american-society-of-transplantation-expert-conference
#12
Kenneth A Newell, Richard Formica, John Gill, Jesse Schold, James S Allan, Shandie Covington, Alexander C Wiseman, Anil Chandraker
Thirteen percent of individuals of African Ancestry express two variant copies of the gene encoding Apolipoprotein 1 (APOL-1) that has been associated with an increased risk of ESRD in the general population. Limited studies suggest that the survival of transplanted kidneys from donors expressing two APOL-1 risk alleles is inferior to that of kidneys from donors with zero or one risk allele. In living kidney donation two case reports describe donors expressing two APOL-1 risk alleles who developed ESRD. Given the potential impact of APOL-1 variants on the utility and safety of kidney transplantation and living kidney donation the AST convened a meeting with the goals of summarizing the current state of knowledge with respect to transplantation and APOL-1, identifying knowledge gaps and studies to address these gaps, and considering approaches to integrating APOL-1 into clinical practice...
December 20, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994866/facilitating-access-to-the-renal-transplant-waiting-list-does-not-increase-the-number-of-transplantations-comparative-study-of-two-french-regions
#13
Mathilde Lefort, Cécile Vigneau, Annelen Laurent, Saïd Lebbah, Nolwenn Le Meur, Jean-Philippe Jais, Eric Daugas, Sahar Bayat
BACKGROUND: In France, there are important regional disparities of access to the renal transplant waiting list and transplantation. Our objectives were to compare the characteristics of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of two French regions (Ile-de-France and Bretagne) and to identify determinants of access to the waiting list and subsequent transplantation, with a focus on temporary inactive status (TIS) periods. METHODS: All 18-80-year-old incident patients who started dialysis in Ile-de-France or Bretagne between 2006 and 2009 were included (n = 6160)...
December 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992110/kidney-exchange-to-overcome-financial-barriers-to-kidney-transplantation
#14
M A Rees, T B Dunn, C S Kuhr, C L Marsh, J Rogers, S E Rees, A Cicero, L J Reece, A E Roth, O Ekwenna, D E Fumo, K D Krawiec, J E Kopke, S Jain, M Tan, S R Paloyo
Organ shortage is the major limitation to kidney transplantation in the developed world. Conversely, millions of patients in the developing world with end-stage renal disease die because they cannot afford renal replacement therapy-even when willing living kidney donors exist. This juxtaposition between countries with funds but no available kidneys and those with available kidneys but no funds prompts us to propose an exchange program using each nation's unique assets. Our proposal leverages the cost savings achieved through earlier transplantation over dialysis to fund the cost of kidney exchange between developed-world patient-donor pairs with immunological barriers and developing-world patient-donor pairs with financial barriers...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989547/graft-inflow-modulation-in-adult-to-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Roberto I Troisi, Giammauro Berardi, Federico Tomassini, Mauricio Sainz-Barriga
INTRODUCTION: Small-for-size syndrome (SFSS) has an incidence between 0 and 43% in small-for-size graft (SFSG) adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Portal hypertension following reperfusion and the hyperdynamic splanchnic state are reported as the major triggering factors of SFSS. Intra- and postoperative strategies to prevent or to reduce its onset are still under debate. We analyzed graft inflow modulation (GIM) during adult LDLT considering the indications, efficacy of the available techniques, changes in hemodynamics and outcomes...
December 8, 2016: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942230/iga1-dominant-subclass-of-latent-iga-mesangial-deposition-in-donated-kidney
#16
Kazumasa Oka, Kenji Nishimura, Hidefumi Kishikawa, Yasuji Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: In the pathogenesis of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), the IgA1 subclass is more important than the IgA2 subclass. In healthy men, the prevalence of mesangial IgA deposition has been previously investigated. However, it remains unknown whether the presence of urinary abnormalities depends on the subclass of IgA deposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We researched the subclasses of IgA (IgA1 and IgA2) by the direct immunofluorescence (IF) staining method using specimens in which we identified the deposition of IgA through zero-hour renal transplant biopsies from donors without urinary abnormalities...
2016: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942174/follow-up-rates-of-living-kidney-donor-in-japan-a-single-center-study
#17
N Imai, Y Shibagaki, M Yazawa, K Kitajima, R Nakazawa, H Sasaki, T Chikaraishi
Long-term follow-up of kidney donors is needed not only for the individual donor's benefit but also to establish analyzable databases to improve the selection criteria for future donors. We collected data including the date of transplantation, the date of the last follow-up, donor's age, sex, their relationship to the recipient, renal function, proteinuria, and the prevalence of hypertension. Of 124 donors, 52 donors were not being followed up. The mean duration of follow-up was 4.3 ± 3.6 years. Follow-up rates were 83...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938318/incisional-infections-after-renal-transplant-outcome-data-from-238-consecutive-recipients
#18
Demetrios Moris, Spyridon Davakis, Kiriaki Kakavia, John Bokos, Spyridon Vernadakis, Konstantinos Diles, Georgios Sotirchos, Alexandros Barlas, Mina Psychogiou, Georgios Zavos
OBJECTIVES: Surgical incision infections, along with urinary tract infections, are among the most common infective complications after kidney transplant. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the incidence and predisposing factors of surgical incision infection development in renal transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015, there were 238 consecutive kidney transplant procedures performed in our unit. Of these, 146 patients received deceased donor kidney allografts and 92 had transplants from living related donors...
December 12, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934559/recurrent-nephrotic-syndrome-after-renal-transplant-in-children
#19
Bassam Saeed, Huda Mazloum
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent disease occurs in around 30% of children transplanted for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Its precipitating risk factors have rarely been studied in the Middle East. The aim of our study was to determine what characterizes posttransplant recurrence of nephrotic syndrome in Syrian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 12 nephrotic children who received 1 renal allograft at the Kidney Hospital in Damascus from 2002 to 2013...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932168/spindle-cell-lipoma-in-an-end-stage-renal-allograft-case-report
#20
Z Zhao, S Selvarajan, A L S Tiong, T H Lim, L Y Khor
BACKGROUND: Spindle cell lipoma is an uncommon variant of lipoma and usually occurs as a solitary, subcutaneous, and well circumscribed lesion in the posterior neck, shoulders, and back of older men. Primary renal lipomas are rarely reported. Spindle cell lipoma in the kidney has not been previously described in the literature. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old Chinese man suffered graft failure 10 years after living related donor kidney transplantation. During cancer surveillance, he was found to have a mass in the renal allograft, which increased in size and was suspicious for renal cell carcinoma on computerized tomographic scan...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
keyword
keyword
71411
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"