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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656178/generation-of-3-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-1-sca1-patient-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-lines-lumci002-a-b-and-c-and-2-unaffected-sibling-control-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-lines-lumci003-a-and-b
#1
Ronald A M Buijsen, Sarah L Gardiner, Marga J Bouma, Linda M van der Graaf, Merel W Boogaard, Barry A Pepers, Bert Eussen, Annelies de Klein, Christian Freund, Willeke M C van Roon-Mom
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disease caused by a CAG repeat expansion in exon 8 of the ATXN1 gene. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from a SCA1 patient and his non-affected sister by using non-integrating Sendai Viruses (SeV). The resulting hiPSCs are SeVfree, express pluripotency markers, display a normal karyotype, retain the mutation (length of the CAG repeat expansion in the ATXN1 gene) and are able to differentiate into the three germ layers in vitro...
April 5, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656145/sq-house-dust-mite-sublingual-immunotherapy-tablet-subgroup-efficacy-and-local-application-site-reaction-duration
#2
David I Bernstein, Joerg Kleine-Tebbe, Harold S Nelson, Jose A Bardelas, Gordon L Sussman, Susan Lu, Dorte Rehm, Bodil Svanholm Fogh, Hendrik Nolte
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C) is common, necessitating evaluation of SQ house dust mite (HDM) sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)-tablet efficacy in various subgroups. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 12 SQ-HDM efficacy and safety across subgroups, and the onset, duration, and recurrence of local application site reactions. METHODS: Subgroup (age, gender, race, asthma status, and allergen sensitization) efficacy was assessed using pooled data from two previously described trials of daily 12 SQ-HDM vs placebo for AR/C (N=2138)...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652082/association-between-hospital-volume-and-quality-of-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-the-critics-trial
#3
Y H M Claassen, J W van Sandick, H H Hartgrink, J L Dikken, W O De Steur, N C T van Grieken, H Boot, A Cats, A K Trip, E P M Jansen, W M Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg, J P B M Braak, H Putter, M I van Berge Henegouwen, M Verheij, C J H van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the association between hospital volume and quality of gastric cancer surgery are lacking. In the present study, the effect of hospital volume on quality of gastric cancer surgery was evaluated by analysing data from the CRITICS (ChemoRadiotherapy after Induction chemotherapy In Cancer of the Stomach) trial. METHODS: Patients who underwent gastrectomy with curative intent in the Netherlands were selected from the CRITICS trial database...
May 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651980/local-food-systems-food-safety-concerns
#4
Benjamin Chapman, Chris Gunter
Foodborne disease causes an estimated 48 million illnesses and 3,000 deaths annually (Scallan E, et al., Emerg Infect Dis 17:7-15, 2011), with U.S. economic costs estimated at $152 billion to $1.4 trillion annually (Roberts T, Am J Agric Econ 89:1183-1188, 2007; Scharff RL, http://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/reports/0001/01/01/healthrelated-costs-from-foodborne-illness-in-the-united-states, 2010). An increasing number of these illnesses are associated with fresh fruits and vegetables. An analysis of outbreaks from 1990 to 2003 found that 12% of outbreaks and 20% of outbreak-related illnesses were associated with produce (Klein S, Smith DeWaal CS, Center for Science in the Public Interest, https://cspinet...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650363/chemotherapy-versus-chemoradiotherapy-after-surgery-and-preoperative-chemotherapy-for-resectable-gastric-cancer-critics-an-international-open-label-randomised-phase-3-trial
#5
Annemieke Cats, Edwin P M Jansen, Nicole C T van Grieken, Karolina Sikorska, Pehr Lind, Marianne Nordsmark, Elma Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg, Henk Boot, Anouk K Trip, H A Maurits Swellengrebel, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Hein Putter, Johanna W van Sandick, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Henk H Hartgrink, Harm van Tinteren, Cornelis J H van de Velde, Marcel Verheij
BACKGROUND: Both perioperative chemotherapy and postoperative chemoradiotherapy improve survival in patients with resectable gastric cancer from Europe and North America. To our knowledge, these treatment strategies have not been investigated in a head to head comparison. We aimed to compare perioperative chemotherapy with preoperative chemotherapy and postoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with resectable gastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS: In this investigator-initiated, open-label, randomised phase 3 trial, we enrolled patients aged 18 years or older who had stage IB- IVA resectable gastric or gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinoma (as defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer, sixth edition), with a WHO performance status of 0 or 1, and adequate cardiac, bone marrow, liver, and kidney function...
April 9, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650029/the-dose-distribution-in-dominant-intraprostatic-tumour-lesions-defined-by-multiparametric-mri-and-psma-pet-ct-correlates-with-the-outcome-in-patients-treated-with-primary-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#6
Constantinos Zamboglou, Christina Marie Klein, Benedikt Thomann, Thomas Franz Fassbender, Hans C Rischke, Simon Kirste, Karl Henne, Natalja Volegova-Neher, Michael Bock, Mathias Langer, Philipp T Meyer, Dimos Baltas, Anca L Grosu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649236/predictive-value-for-cardiovascular-events-of-common-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-its-rate-of-change-in-individuals-at-high-cardiovascular-risk-results-from-the-prog-imt-collaboration
#7
Matthias W Lorenz, Lu Gao, Kathrin Ziegelbauer, Giuseppe Danilo Norata, Jean Philippe Empana, Irene Schmidtmann, Hung-Ju Lin, Stela McLachlan, Lena Bokemark, Kimmo Ronkainen, Mauro Amato, Ulf Schminke, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Lars Lind, Shuhei Okazaki, Coen D A Stehouwer, Peter Willeit, Joseph F Polak, Helmuth Steinmetz, Dirk Sander, Holger Poppert, Moise Desvarieux, M Arfan Ikram, Stein Harald Johnsen, Daniel Staub, Cesare R Sirtori, Bernhard Iglseder, Oscar Beloqui, Gunnar Engström, Alfonso Friera, Francesco Rozza, Wuxiang Xie, Grace Parraga, Liliana Grigore, Matthieu Plichart, Stefan Blankenberg, Ta-Chen Su, Caroline Schmidt, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Fabrizio Veglia, Henry Völzke, Giel Nijpels, Johann Willeit, Ralph L Sacco, Oscar H Franco, Heiko Uthoff, Bo Hedblad, Carmen Suarez, Raffaele Izzo, Dong Zhao, Thapat Wannarong, Alberico Catapano, Pierre Ducimetiere, Christine Espinola-Klein, Kuo-Liong Chien, Jackie F Price, Göran Bergström, Jussi Kauhanen, Elena Tremoli, Marcus Dörr, Gerald Berenson, Kazuo Kitagawa, Jacqueline M Dekker, Stefan Kiechl, Matthias Sitzer, Horst Bickel, Tatjana Rundek, Albert Hofman, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Samuela Castelnuovo, Manuel F Landecho, Maria Rosvall, Rafael Gabriel, Nicola de Luca, Jing Liu, Damiano Baldassarre, Maryam Kavousi, Eric de Groot, Michiel L Bots, David N Yanez, Simon G Thompson
AIMS: Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) predicts cardiovascular (CVD) events, but the predictive value of CIMT change is debated. We assessed the relation between CIMT change and events in individuals at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 31 cohorts with two CIMT scans (total n = 89070) on average 3.6 years apart and clinical follow-up, subcohorts were drawn: (A) individuals with at least 3 cardiovascular risk factors without previous CVD events, (B) individuals with carotid plaques without previous CVD events, and (C) individuals with previous CVD events...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648889/patient-reported-allergies-do-not-predict-poorer-promis-function-pain-and-depression-scores-following-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#8
Devon C Nixon, Brian M Cusworth, Jeremy J McCormick, Jeffrey E Johnson, Sandra E Klein
BACKGROUND: Identifying preoperative risk factors that may portend poorer operative outcomes remains a topic of current interest. In hip and knee arthroplasty patients, the presence of patient-reported allergies (PRAs) has been associated with worse pain and function after joint replacement. However, these results have not been replicated across studies, including in shoulder arthroplasty cases. The impact of PRAs on foot and ankle outcomes has yet to be studied. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether PRAs influence patient-reported outcome in foot and ankle surgery...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645093/autologous-transplantation-versus-allogeneic-transplantation-in-patients-with-follicular-lymphoma-experiencing-early-treatment-failure
#9
Sonali M Smith, James Godfrey, Kwang Woo Ahn, Alyssa DiGilio, Sairah Ahmed, Vaibhav Agrawal, Veronika Bachanova, Ulrike Bacher, Asad Bashey, Javier Bolaños-Meade, Mitchell Cairo, Andy Chen, Saurabh Chhabra, Edward Copelan, Parastoo B Dahi, Mahmoud Aljurf, Umar Farooq, Siddhartha Ganguly, Mark Hertzberg, Leona Holmberg, David Inwards, Abraham S Kanate, Reem Karmali, Vaishalee P Kenkre, Mohamed A Kharfan-Dabaja, Andreas Klein, Hillard M Lazarus, Matthew Mei, Alberto Mussetti, Taiga Nishihori, Praveen Ramakrishnan Geethakumari, Ayman Saad, Bipin N Savani, Harry C Schouten, Nirav Shah, Alvaro Urbano-Ispizua, Ravi Vij, Julie Vose, Anna Sureda, Mehdi Hamadani
BACKGROUND: Early treatment failure (ETF) in follicular lymphoma (FL), defined as relapse or progression within 2 years of frontline chemoimmunotherapy, is a newly recognized marker of poor survival and identifies a high-risk group of patients with an expected 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of approximately 50%. Transplantation is an established option for relapsed FL, but its efficacy in this specific ETF FL population has not been previously evaluated. METHODS: This study compared autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT) with either matched sibling donor (MSD) or matched unrelated donor (MUD) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) as the first transplantation approach for patients with ETF FL (age ≥ 18 years) undergoing auto-HCT or allo-HCT between 2002 and 2014...
April 12, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628626/gene-environment-correlations-in-the-cross-generational-transmission-of-parenting-grandparenting-moderates-the-effect-of-child-5-httlpr-genotype-on-mothers-parenting
#10
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Elizabeth P Hayden, Shiva M Singh, Haroon I Sheikh, Katie R Kryski, Daniel N Klein
Evidence suggests that parenting is associated cross-generationally and that children's genes may elicit specific parenting styles (evocative gene-environment correlation). This study examined whether the effect of children's genotype, specifically 5-HTTLPR, on mothers' parenting behaviors was moderated by her own parenting experiences from her mother. Two independent samples of three-year-olds (N = 476 and 405) were genotyped for the serotonin transporter gene, and observational measures of parenting were collected...
November 2017: Social Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628397/enhanced-labile-plasma-iron-and-outcome-in-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-and-myelodysplastic-syndrome-after-allogeneic-haemopoietic-cell-transplantation-allive-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-trial
#11
Martin Wermke, Julia Eckoldt, Katharina S Götze, Stefan A Klein, Gesine Bug, Liesbeth C de Wreede, Michael Kramer, Friedrich Stölzel, Malte von Bonin, Johannes Schetelig, Michael Laniado, Verena Plodeck, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann, Gerhard Ehninger, Martin Bornhäuser, Dominik Wolf, Igor Theurl, Uwe Platzbecker
BACKGROUND: The effect of systemic iron overload on outcomes after allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been a matter of substantial debate. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of both stored (MRI-derived liver iron content) and biologically active iron (enhanced labile plasma iron; eLPI) on post-transplantation outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia or myelodysplastic syndrome undergoing allogenic HCT. METHODS: The prospective, multicentre, observational, ALLogeneic Iron inVEstigators (ALLIVE) trial recruited patients at five centres in Germany...
April 5, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624409/validation-of-a-host-response-assay-septicyte%C3%A2-lab-for-discriminating-sepsis-from-sirs-in-the-icu
#12
Russell R Miller Iii, Bert K Lopansri, John P Burke, Mitchell Levy, Steven Opal, Richard E Rothman, Franco R D'Alessio, Venkataramana K Sidhaye, Neil R Aggarwal, Robert Balk, Jared A Greenberg, Mark Yoder, Gourang Patel, Emily Gilbert, Majid Afshar, Jorge P Parada, Greg S Martin, Annette M Esper, Jordan A Kempker, Mangala Narasimhan, Adey Tsegaye, Stella Hahn, Paul Mayo, Tom van der Poll, Marcus J Schultz, Brendon P Scicluna, Peter Klein Klouwenberg, Antony Rapisarda, Therese A Seldon, Leo C McHugh, Thomas D Yager, Silvia Cermelli, Dayle Sampson, Victoria Rothwell, Richard Newman, Shruti Bhide, James T Kirk, Krupa Navalkar, Roy F Davis, Roslyn A Brandon, Richard B Brandon
RATIONALE: A molecular test to distinguish between sepsis and systemic inflammation of non-infectious etiology could potentially have clinical utility. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of a molecular host response assay (SeptiCyte™ LAB) designed to distinguish between sepsis and non-infectious systemic inflammation in critically ill adults. METHODS: The study employed a prospective, observational, non-interventional design, and recruited a heterogeneous cohort of adult critical care patients from seven sites in the USA (N=249)...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623683/essential-ocean-variables-for-global-sustained-observations-of-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-changes
#13
Patricia Miloslavich, Nicholas J Bax, Samantha E Simmons, Eduardo Klein, Ward Appeltans, Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Melissa Andersen Garcia, Sonia D Batten, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, David M Checkley, Sanae Chiba, J Emmett Duffy, Daniel C Dunn, Albert Fischer, John Gunn, Raphael Kudela, Francis Marsac, Frank E Muller-Karger, David Obura, Yunne-Jai Shin
Sustained observations of marine biodiversity and ecosystems focused on specific conservation and management problems are needed around the world to effectively mitigate or manage changes resulting from anthropogenic pressures. These observations, while complex and expensive, are required by the international scientific, governance and policy communities to provide baselines against which the effects of human pressures and climate change may be measured and reported, and resources allocated to implement solutions...
April 5, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623302/novel-fully-organic-water-oxidation-electrocatalysts-a-quest-for-simplicity
#14
Yanlin Wu, Volker Klein, Manuela S Killian, Christopher Behling, Sany Chea, Svetlana B Tsogoeva, Julien Bachmann
Despite the growing need for readily available and inexpensive catalysts for the half-reactions involved in water splitting, water oxidation and reduction electrocatalysts are still traditionally based on noble metals. One long-standing challenge has been the development of an oxygen evolution reaction catalyzed by easily available, structurally simple, and purely organic compounds. Herein, we first generalize the performance of the known N -ethyl-flavinium ion to a number of derivatives. Furthermore, we demonstrate an unprecedented application of different pyridinium and related salts as very simple, inexpensive water oxidation organocatalysts consisting of earth-abundant elements (C, H, O, and N) exclusively...
March 31, 2018: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623005/challenges-and-opportunities-for-biological-mass-spectrometry-core-facilities-in-the-developing-world
#15
Liam Bell, Bridget Calder, Reinhard Hiller, Ashwil Klein, Nelson C Soares, Stoyan H Stoychev, Barend C Vorster, David L Tabb
The developing world is seeing rapid growth in the availability of biological mass spectrometry (MS), particularly through core facilities. As proteomics and metabolomics becomes locally feasible for investigators in these nations, application areas associated with high burden in these nations, such as infectious disease, will see greatly increased research output. This article evaluates the rapid growth of MS in South Africa (currently approaching 20 laboratories) as a model for establishing MS core facilities in other nations of the developing world...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622178/ephemeral-effusive-constrictive-pathophysiology
#16
EDITORIAL
Allan L Klein, Paul C Cremer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620465/isolation-and-characterization-of-campylobacter-hepaticus-from-layer-chickens-with-spotty-liver-disease-in-the-united-states
#17
Marissa Gregory, Brianna Klein, Orhan Sahin, George Girgis
Spotty liver disease (SLD) is characterized by multifocal liver lesions, mortality, and drop in egg production. The disease is emerging in Europe and Australia, particularly in free-range and floor-raised layer flocks. Campylobacter hepaticus has been recently identified as the causative agent of SLD. We report the isolation and characterization of C. hepaticus from livers of laying hens affected with SLD in the United States. Two isolates were characterized and found to be highly similar to those described from SLD cases in the United Kingdom and Australia...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616039/mast-cells-are-activated-by-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-vitro-but-dispensable-for-the-host-defense-against-pneumococcal-central-nervous-system-infection-in-vivo
#18
Johanna Fritscher, Daniel Amberger, Susanne Dyckhoff, Jan Philipp Bewersdorf, Ilias Masouris, Stefanie Voelk, Sven Hammerschmidt, Helga Maria Schmetzer, Matthias Klein, Hans-Walter Pfister, Uwe Koedel
Mast cells reside on and near the cerebral vasculature, the predominant site of pneumococcal entry into the central nervous system (CNS). Although mast cells have been reported to be crucial in protecting from systemic bacterial infections, their role in bacterial infections of the CNS remained elusive. Here, we assessed the role of mast cells in pneumococcal infection in vitro and in vivo . In introductory experiments using mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC), we found that (i) BMMC degranulate and release selected cytokines upon exposure to Streptococcus pneumoniae , (ii) the response of BMMC varies between different pneumococcal serotypes and (iii) is dependent on pneumolysin...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615501/crispr-cas9-mediated-gene-disruption-reveals-the-importance-of-zinc-metabolism-for-fitness-of-the-dimorphic-fungal-pathogen-blastomyces-dermatitidis
#19
Gregory C Kujoth, Thomas D Sullivan, Richard Merkhofer, Taek-Jin Lee, Huafeng Wang, Tristan Brandhorst, Marcel Wüthrich, Bruce S Klein
Blastomyces dermatitidis is a human fungal pathogen of the lung that can lead to disseminated disease in healthy and immunocompromised individuals. Genetic analysis of this fungus is hampered by the relative inefficiency of traditional recombination-based gene-targeting approaches. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of applying CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing to Blastomyces , including to simultaneously target multiple genes. We created targeting plasmid vectors expressing Cas9 and either one or two single guide RNAs and introduced these plasmids into Blastomyces via Agrobacterium gene transfer...
April 3, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608613/proteomic-fingerprinting-in-hiv-hcv-co-infection-reveals-serum-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-fibrosis-staging
#20
Makan Golizeh, Carlos E Melendez-Pena, Brian J Ward, Sahar Saeed, Cynthia Santamaria, Brian Conway, Curtis Cooper, Marina B Klein, Momar Ndao
BACKGROUND: Hepatic complications of hepatitis C virus (HCV), including fibrosis and cirrhosis are accelerated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. Although, liver biopsy remains the gold standard for staging HCV-associated liver disease, this test can result in serious complications and is subject to sampling errors. These challenges have prompted a search for non-invasive methods for liver fibrosis staging. To this end, we compared serum proteome profiles at different stages of fibrosis in HIV/HCV co- and HCV mono-infected patients using surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS)...
2018: PloS One
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