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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906491/recombinant-newcastle-disease-viruses-with-targets-for-pcr-diagnostics-for-rinderpest-and-peste-des-petits-ruminants
#1
P A van Rijn, J Boonstra, H G P van Gennip
Since February 1st 2011, rinderpest (RP) has been officially declared eradicated worldwide. National authorities have been requested to destroy all their RP related materials. Nonetheless, their national reference laboratories performing real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR diagnostics) need RP positive control samples, since some countries still prefer to maintain diagnostic capability for RP for several reasons. In the future, a similar situation will arise for peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as the ambition has been expressed to eradicate PPR...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793948/canine-distemper-virus-spread-and-transmission-to-na%C3%A3-ve-ferrets-selective-pressure-on-slam-dependent-entry
#2
Bevan Sawatsky, Roberto Cattaneo, Veronika von Messling
Upon infection, morbilliviruses such as measles, rinderpest, and canine distemper virus (CDV) initially target immune cells via the signalling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) before spreading to respiratory epithelia through the adherens junction protein nectin-4. However, the roles of these receptors in transmission from infected to naïve hosts have not yet been formally tested. Towards experimentally addressing this question, we established a model of CDV contact transmission between ferrets. We show here that transmission of wild type CDV sometimes precedes the onset of clinical disease...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652800/full-genome-sequencing-reveals-new-southern-african-territories-genotypes-bringing-us-closer-to-understanding-true-variability-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-africa
#3
Lidia Lasecka-Dykes, Caroline F Wright, Antonello Di Nardo, Grace Logan, Valerie Mioulet, Terry Jackson, Tobias J Tuthill, Nick J Knowles, Donald P King
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes a highly contagious disease of cloven-hooved animals that poses a constant burden on farmers in endemic regions and threatens the livestock industries in disease-free countries. Despite the increased number of publicly available whole genome sequences, FMDV data are biased by the opportunistic nature of sampling. Since whole genomic sequences of Southern African Territories (SAT) are particularly underrepresented, this study sequenced 34 isolates from eastern and southern Africa...
April 13, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550741/recent-advances-in-veterinary-applications-of-structural-vaccinology
#4
REVIEW
Bryan Charleston, Simon P Graham
The deployment of effective veterinary vaccines has had a major impact on improving food security and consequently human health. Effective vaccines were essential for the global eradication of Rinderpest and the control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease in some regions of the world. Effective vaccines also underpin the development of modern intensive food production systems such as poultry and aquaculture. However, for some high consequence diseases there are still significant challenges to develop effective vaccines...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520689/development-and-validation-of-an-epitope-blocking-elisa-using-an-anti-haemagglutinin-monoclonal-antibody-for-specific-detection-of-antibodies-in-sheep-and-goat-sera-directed-against-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus
#5
Sanne Charles Bodjo, Jean-de-Dieu Baziki, Nick Nwankpa, Ethel Chitsungo, Yao Mathurin Koffi, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Mariame Diop, Daniel Gizaw, Idris Badri Adam Tajelser, Mamadou Lelenta, Adama Diallo, Karim Tounkara
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious and economically important disease affecting production of small ruminants (i.e., sheep and goats). Taking into consideration the lessons learnt from the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme (GREP), PPR is now targeted by the international veterinary community as the next animal disease to be eradicated. To support the African continental programme for the control of PPR, the Pan African Veterinary Vaccine Centre of the African Union (AU-PANVAC) is developing diagnostics tools...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173050/measles-vaccination-threat-from-related-veterinary-viruses-and-need-for-continued-vaccination-post-measles-eradication
#6
Sara Louise Cosby, Leanne Weir
Measles virus (MV) is the only human virus within the morbillivirus genus of the Paramyxoviridae. The veterinary members are canine distemper virus (CDV), peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), Rinderpest Virus (RPV) as well as the marine morbilliviruses phocine distemper virus (PDV), dolphin morbillivirus (DMV) and porpoise morbillivirus (PMV). Morbilliviruses have a severe impact on humans and animal species. They confer diseases which have contributed to morbidity and mortality of the population on a global scale...
January 2, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022862/future-research-to-underpin-successful-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-pprv-eradication
#7
REVIEW
Michael D Baron, Bouna Diop, Felix Njeumi, Brian J Willett, Dalan Bailey
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is a significant pathogen of small ruminants and is prevalent in much of Africa, the Near and Middle East and Asia. Despite the availability of an efficacious and cheap live-attenuated vaccine, the virus has continued to spread, with its range stretching from Morocco in the west to China and Mongolia in the east. Some of the world's poorest communities rely on small ruminant farming for subsistence and the continued endemicity of PPRV is a constant threat to their livelihoods...
November 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973722/screening-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-in-a-population-of-district-khairpur-pakistan
#8
A K Maitlo, J A Ujan, S A Ujjan, M Ruk, B A Memon, A A Mahar, A A Ujjan
Goats are the Pakistan's fastest growing ruminants, and Pakistan is the third largest goat producer in the world after India and China. Goat meat preference is the main reason for its increased demand. In the country, there are 25 goat breeds and two wild relatives such as Mark and Goats. At present, Pakistan has 53.8 million goats, according to the 2006 GOP report, and their population growth rate was more than 3% per year (37, 23, 22, and 18% of the goat population in Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and NWFP, respectively)...
September 28, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947301/analyses-of-nucleotide-codon-and-amino-acids-usages-between-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-and-rinderpest-virus
#9
Xiao-Xia Ma, Qiu-Yan Chang, Peng Ma, Lin-Jie Li, Xiao-Kai Zhou, De-Rong Zhang, Ming-Sheng Li, Xin Cao, Zhong-Ren Ma
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) and rinderpest virus (RPV) are two causative agents of an economically important disease for ruminants (i.e., sheep, cattle and goat). In this study, the nucleotide, codon and amino acid usages for PPRV and RPV have been analyzed by multivariate statistical methods. Relative synonymous codon usage (RSCU) analysis represents that ACG for Thr and GCG for Ala are selected with under-representation in both PPRV and RPV, and AGA for Arg in PPRV and AGG for Arg in RPV are used with over-representation...
December 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707820/isolation-identification-and-retrospective-study-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-from-affected-mithun-bos-frontalis-in-north-eastern-india
#10
B Borah, P Deka, K Sharma, S Baro, A K Hazarika, C Das, G B Garam, P Boro, K Ltu
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals that causes substantial and perpetual economic loss. Apart from the contagious nature of the disease, the FMD virus can establish in a "carrier state" among all cloven-hoofed animals. The Mithun (Bos frontalis), popularly called the "Cattle of Mountain," is found in the geographically isolated, hilly region of north-east India: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram. Despite the geographical inaccessibility, infection by FMD virus has emerged as the single most devastating disease among Mithun after the eradication of rinderpest from this region...
February 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702460/seroprevalence-and-distribution-of-contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-in-ethiopia-update-and-critical-analysis-of-20-years-1996-2016-reports
#11
REVIEW
Nejash Abdela, Nesradin Yune
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), infectious and highly contagious diseases of cattle in Africa, is the only bacterial disease in the OIE list A diseases. This severe respiratory disease of cattle is the second most important transboundary animal disease in Africa after rinderpest. CBPP is caused by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC (small colony bovine biotype) and it is endemic disease in many African countries including Ethiopia. This paper systematically reviews prevalence report at herd and individual animal level for the last 20 years (1996-2016) with main aim of making comprehensive document regarding the seroprevalence and distribution of CBPP in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566253/a-thermostable-presentation-of-the-live-attenuated-peste-des-petits-ruminants-vaccine-in-use-in-africa-and-asia
#12
Jeffrey C Mariner, James Gachanja, Sheltone H Tindih, Philip Toye
The research objective was to develop a thermostable vaccine against peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a morbilliviral disease of small ruminants targeted for eradication that is a major constraint on the livelihoods of the rural poor throughout much of Africa and Asia. Although existing PPR vaccines provide life-long immunity, they require continuous refrigeration. This limits their utility in developing countries. Methods for the lyophilization of a related morbillivirus, rinderpest (RP), resulted in vaccine that could be used in the field for up to 30days without refrigeration which was a major contribution to the global eradication of RP completed in 2011...
June 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#13
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332655/livestock-vaccination-in-india-an-analysis-of-theory-and-practice-among-multiple-stakeholders
#14
P Rathod, M Chander, Y Bangar
An effective and efficient disease prevention and control strategy is of paramount importance to improve the quality and quantity of livestock production in the Indian context. Although livestock vaccination is considered an emerging innovation of socioeconomic importance in the Indian dairy industry, the rate of adoption and diffusion of vaccination technology is very low at field level. In this context, the authors examined the efforts of the Government of India to protect livestock health and control disease, considered the lessons learnt from rinderpest eradication, looked at field practices and the reality on the ground, and studied the perceptions of multiple stakeholders with regards to the relevance, profitability and sustainability of vaccination...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917972/pastoralism-in-the-drylands-of-latin-america-argentina-chile-mexico-and-peru
#15
J M Grünwaldt, G Castellaro, E R Flores, C R Morales-Nieto, R D Valdez-Cepeda, J C Guevera, E G Grünwaldt
This article discusses various aspects of pastoralism in the Latin American countries with the largest dryland areas. The topics covered include: social, economic and institutional issues; grasslands and their carrying capacity; production systems and productivity rates; competition for forage resources between domestic livestock and wildlife; and the health status of livestock and wildlife. Most grasslands exhibit some degree of degradation. The percentage of offspring reaching weaning age is low: 47-66% of calves and 40-80% of lambs...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878975/multiplex-rt-pcr-and-automated-microarray-for-detection-of-eight-bovine-viruses
#16
O Lung, T Furukawa-Stoffer, K Burton Hughes, J Pasick, D P King, D Hodko
Microarrays can be a useful tool for pathogen detection as it allow for simultaneous interrogation of the presence of a large number of genetic sequences in a sample. However, conventional microarrays require extensive manual handling and multiple pieces of equipment for printing probes, hybridization, washing and signal detection. In this study, a reverse transcription (RT)-PCR with an accompanying novel automated microarray for simultaneous detection of eight viruses that affect cattle [vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), bovine viral diarrhoea virus type 1 and type 2, bovine herpesvirus 1, bluetongue virus, malignant catarrhal fever virus, rinderpest virus (RPV) and parapox viruses] is described...
December 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742221/enhanced-immunosurveillance-for-animal-morbilliviruses-using-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-vsv-pseudotypes
#17
Nicola Logan, William G Dundon, Adama Diallo, Michael D Baron, M James Nyarobi, Sarah Cleaveland, Julius Keyyu, Robert Fyumagwa, Margaret J Hosie, Brian J Willett
The measurement of virus-specific neutralising antibodies represents the "gold-standard" for diagnostic serology. For animal morbilliviruses, such as peste des petits ruminants (PPRV) or rinderpest virus (RPV), live virus-based neutralisation tests require high-level biocontainment to prevent the accidental escape of the infectious agents. In this study, we describe the adaptation of a replication-defective vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVΔG) based pseudotyping system for the measurement of neutralising antibodies against animal morbilliviruses...
November 11, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522587/peste-des-petits-ruminants-diagnosis-and-diagnostic-tools-at-a-glance-perspectives-on-global-control-and-eradication
#18
REVIEW
Ramasamy Santhamani, Rabindra Prasad Singh, Felix Njeumi
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious, economically important viral disease of small ruminants, targeted for global eradication by the year 2030. The recent geographic surge in PPR virus distribution, economic implications, the success of the rinderpest eradication campaign, and ongoing national/regional efforts convinced the FAO and OIE to initiate a global PPR control and eradication strategy. Since its discovery, a series of diagnostic tools have been developed for detecting PPR virus and virus-specific antibodies...
November 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477502/evolutionary-characteristics-of-morbilliviruses-during-serial-passages-in-vitro-gradual-attenuation-of-virus-virulence
#19
REVIEW
Fuxiao Liu, Xiaodong Wu, Lin Li, Yanli Zou, Shan Liu, Zhiliang Wang
The genus Morbillivirus is classified into the family Paramyxoviridae, and is composed of 6 members, namely measles virus (MV), rinderpest virus (RPV), peste-des-petits-ruminants virus (PPRV), canine distemper virus (CDV), phocine distemper virus (PDV) and cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV). The MV, RPV, PPRV and CDV have been successfully attenuated through their serial passages in vitro for the production of live vaccines. It has been demonstrated that the morbilliviral virulence in animals was progressively attenuated with their consecutive passages in vitro...
August 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183645/the-opportunity-to-eradicate-peste-des-petits-ruminants
#20
Jeffrey C Mariner, Bryony A Jones, Karl M Rich, Samuel Thevasagayam, John Anderson, Martyn Jeggo, Yi Cai, Andrew R Peters, Peter L Roeder
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly infectious disease of sheep and goats that is caused by PPR virus, a member of the genus Morbillivirus that includes the viruses that cause rinderpest (RP) in cattle. RP was the first animal disease to be globally eradicated in 2011 and is only the second disease, after smallpox, to have ever been eradicated. PPR is one of the principal constraints to small ruminant production in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. The epidemiology of PPR and RP as well as the technologies available for their diagnosis and control are similar...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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