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Saccular aortic aneurysm

Giacomo Murana, Mariano Cefarelli, Geoffrey Kloppenburg, Wim J Morshuis, Robin H Heijmen
In adult the patent ductus arteriosus is a rare condition associated sometimes with lethal complications. We describe the case of a 44-year-old woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus admitted to our hospital with hoarseness and severe dyspnea. Clinical imaging examinations indicated a saccular aneurysm within a persistent ductus arteriosus with signs of impending rupture. Patient was not considered suitable for transcatheter closure and therefore she underwent open aortic repair. The procedure was uneventful and any significant complications occurred during postoperative course...
October 19, 2016: Future Cardiology
Sang Min Park, Haemin Jeong, Kyung-Soon Hong, Christopher Kim
BACKGROUND: In a patient underwent aortic valve replacement (AVR) due to bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) insufficiency without marked dilation of ascending aorta, the development of delayed-typed aneurysmal complication of ascending aorta has been often reported because the dilated aorta tends to grow insidiously with age. CASE SUMMARY: A 58-year-old man who underwent AVR with mechanical valve due to severe aortic regurgitation secondary to BAV 7 years previously presented with exertional chest discomfort for 1 year...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Koichi Morisaki, Takuya Matsumoto, Yutaka Matsubara, Kentaro Inoue, Yukihiko Aoyagi, Daisuke Matsuda, Shinichi Tanaka, Jun Okadome, Yoshihiko Maehara
We herein report a case of a rare complication of spinal cord ischemia (SCI) following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Computed tomography showed stenosis and calcification of bilateral iliac arteries and a saccular aneurysm of the terminal aorta. Paraplegia occurred soon after balloon angioplasty of iliac arteries and EVAR. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage was not performed because the patient was on dual antiplatelet drugs. The patient was treated with intravenous methylpredonisolone and naloxone; however, this did not improve his paraplegia...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Jahir Richard DE Oliveira, Maurício DE Amorim Aquino, Svetlana Barros, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão Pitta, Adamastor Humberto Pereira
OBJECTIVE: to determine the blood flow pattern changes after endovascular treatment of saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm with triple stent. METHODS: we conducted a hemodynamic study of seven Landrace and Large White pigs with saccular aneurysms of the infrarenal abdominal aorta artificially produced according to the technique described. The animals were subjected to triple stenting for endovascular aneurysm. We evaluated the pattern of blood flow by duplex scan before and after stent implantation...
May 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Han Li, Kexin Lin, Danial Shahmirzadi
This study aims to quantify the effects of geometry and stiffness of aneurysms on the pulse wave velocity (PWV) and propagation in fluid-solid interaction (FSI) simulations of arterial pulsatile flow. Spatiotemporal maps of both the wall displacement and fluid velocity were generated in order to obtain the pulse wave propagation through fluid and solid media, and to examine the interactions between the two waves. The results indicate that the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac and variations in the sac modulus affect the propagation of the pulse waves both qualitatively (eg, patterns of change of forward and reflective waves) and quantitatively (eg, decreasing of PWV within the sac and its increase beyond the sac as the sac stiffness increases)...
2016: Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology
Ioakeim T Giagtzidis, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Thomas E Kalogirou, Christos D Karkos, Konstantinos O Papazoglou
AIM: To describe our experience with the endovascular treatment of focal abdominal aortic pathology with an adequate distal neck length using Endurant (Medtronic) aortic extension cuffs. METHODS: From July 2010 to May 2015, 16 patients (14 male), with a mean age of 73.6 years (range 59-88), were treated for focal abdominal aortic pathology using only Endurant (Medtronic) aortic cuff extensions. The indication for intervention was a saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in 5 patients, a fusiform aortic aneurysm in 6, abdominal aortic dissection in 2, an aortic juxtarenal rupture in one, a large anastomotic pseudoaneurysm of previous bifurcated open repair in one, and a juxtarenal aneurysm above a previous open AAA repair...
July 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Hirokazu Minamimura, Takumi Ishikawa, Tadahiro Murakami, Shinsuke Kotani
Although there are several mitral valve aneurysm reports, studies on aortic valve aneurysm are extremely rare. This paper describes an uncommon case of a large saccular aortic valve aneurysm associated with infective endocarditis. A 37-year-old man was hospitalized in our hospital with fever and dyspnea. Echocardiography found severe aortic regurgitation and aortic valve aneurysm of the non-coronary cusp going in and out of the left ventricular chamber. Blood cultures grew Streptococcus viridance. Therefore, the patient underwent aortic valve replacement...
July 2, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
K Spanos, A D Giannoukas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
W J Zhang, Y L Yang, M X Xie, X F Wang, Q Lyu, L He, J Wang, L Li, J Zhang, Y Wang, J F Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe image features of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) extending into left ventricle by echocardiography. METHODS: Echocardiographic features of 5 cases of SVA extending into left ventricle and underwent surgery at Union Hospital from July 1995 to September 2015 were reviewed retrospectively and image and surgical findings were compared. A total of 4 patients were diagnosed by conventional and 3D echocardiography before surgery, and 1 patient was diagnosed by conventional echocardiography...
June 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Steven M Jones, Francesco Torella
PURPOSE: To describe a life-threatening complication during endovascular aneurysm repair that was caused by a series of errors. CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old man received a Zenith aortouni-iliac stent-graft for a 61-mm saccular aortic aneurysm. During retrieval of the delivery system, the sheath became dislodged from the common femoral artery. Reintroduction caused the top cap to disengage from the pusher rod because the pin vice had not been tightened as per the instructions for use...
October 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Sacha D Nandlall, Elisa E Konofagou
Purpose To assess whether the stability of murine aortic aneurysms is associated with the homogeneity of pulse wave propagation within the saccular wall. Materials and Methods All animal procedures were approved by the institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Apolipoprotein E and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 knockout mice (n = 26) were infused with angiotensin II by using subcutaneously implanted osmotic pumps, with an additional control mouse used for histologic examination (n = 1). Pulse wave imaging (PWI) was performed just before infusion and 15 days after infusion by using 40-MHz ultrasonography at 8000 frames per second (with electrocardiographic gating)...
June 8, 2016: Radiology
Himanshu J Patel, Michael D Dake, Joseph E Bavaria, Michael J Singh, Mark Filinger, Michael P Fischbein, David M Williams, Jon S Matsumura, Gustavo Oderich
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment for aortic arch aneurysms often requires adjunctive use of hybrid debranching procedures to maintain branch vessel perfusion. This study describes early results with a novel branched arch endograft for total endovascular repair of distal arch aneurysms. METHODS: This US feasibility multicenter clinical trial evaluated 22 patients (mean age, 74.1 ± 10.5 years; 54.5% male) undergoing branched thoracic endovascular aortic repair in Ishimaru zone 2...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Simon De Freitas, Caoilfhionn Connolly, Colm Neary, Sherif Sultan
An aneurysm of the ductus arteriosus is a rare finding, particularly in the adult population. These saccular aneurysms arise at the site of an incompletely obliterated ductus arteriosus along the lesser curvature of the aortic arch. Left untreated, it is associated with a high risk of potentially life-threatening complications including rupture, infection and thromboembolism. As a result, surgical correction is recommended. Previously, options were limited to open repair but as endovascular experience grows, novel techniques afford safer and less invasive alternatives...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
William P Robinson, Manuela Schuksz
Coxiella burnetii, the etiologic agent of Q fever, has been associated with vascular infection and aneurysm formation. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman from Iraq who presented with long-standing malaise as well as vague chest and shoulder discomfort and was found to have a saccular aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta. Serology assays were positive for chronic C burnetii infection. She was treated with successful aneurysm resection and aortic replacement with a rifampin-impregnated Maquet Hemashield (TM) Dacron interposition graft interposition graft in addition to 18 months of doxycycline and hydroxychloroquine...
May 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Maurício de Amorim Aquino, Svetlana Maria Wanderley de Barros, Aldemar Araújo Castro, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão Pitta, Adamastor Humberto Pereira
OBJECTIVE: To consider modifications in an experimental model of saccular aortic aneurysm, aiming at better reproducibility, to be used in the development of vascular prostheses. METHODS: Experimental study in two phases, developed in the Center of Experimental Surgery and Bioterium (CCEB) of the University of Health Sciences of Alagoas (UNCISAL), with 11 hybrid swine, female, mean weight of 20 ± 5 kg, according to modifications in the Perini technique was performed...
February 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Ram Das Nayak, Mathews Paul, George Jose Valooran, Rosh Varghese
Aneurysms of aortic arch are rare but amenable to endovascular therapy. Arch aneurysm presenting with aorto-esophageal fistula and hematemesis is a feared, but relatively rare complication. The extrapolation of the safety and rapidity of emergent endovascular repair for bleeding arch aneurysms has been infrequently reported. A bovine arch anatomy confers distinct advantages for endovascular therapy often avoiding a preceding debranching surgery. However, its endovascular treatment might be complicated by the nonhealing of fistula and potential risk for mediastinitis...
December 2015: Indian Heart Journal
Daiko Wakita, Yosuke Kurashima, Timothy R Crother, Magali Noval Rivas, Youngho Lee, Shuang Chen, Wen Fury, Yu Bai, Shawn Wagner, Debiao Li, Thomas Lehman, Michael C Fishbein, Hal M Hoffman, Prediman K Shah, Kenichi Shimada, Moshe Arditi
OBJECTIVE: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired cardiac disease in US children. In addition to coronary artery abnormalities and aneurysms, it can be associated with systemic arterial aneurysms. We evaluated the development of systemic arterial dilatation and aneurysms, including abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in the Lactobacillus casei cell-wall extract (LCWE)-induced KD vasculitis mouse model. METHODS AND RESULTS: We discovered that in addition to aortitis, coronary arteritis and myocarditis, the LCWE-induced KD mouse model is also associated with abdominal aorta dilatation and AAA, as well as renal and iliac artery aneurysms...
May 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Paul J Wetstein, Margaret E Clark, Danielle E Cafasso, Scott R Golarz, Farhan S Ayubi, Dwight C Kellicut
Takayasu's arteritis is a large vessel vasculitis that can be a challenging diagnosis to make and has a varied clinical presentation. Management largely depends on affected vessel disease severity and individual patient considerations. The diagnosis must be considered in a young patient with large vessel aneurysms. We present a case of a 30 year-old woman of Pacific Islander descent who presented to the Tripler Army medical Center Vascular Surgery Department in Honolulu, Hawai'i seeking repair of her abdominal aortic and renal artery aneurysms prior to conception...
January 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Ourania Preventza, Joseph S Coselli
Saccular aneurysms of the aortic arch, whether single or multiple, are uncommon. The choice of repair technique is influenced by patients' comorbidities and age. Repairing saccular aneurysms with traditional open techniques can be technically demanding; therefore, endovascular technology and a variety of hybrid approaches have been developed to facilitate such repairs and, potentially, to improve clinical outcomes, especially in high-risk patients. There have been no large, randomized studies to compare the outcomes of these different treatment options in patients with single or multiple saccular aneurysms of the arch...
April 2015: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Alysse Sever, Matthew Rheinboldt
Abdominal aortic aneurysms are commonly encountered during abdominal CT imaging, and size-based parameters for surgical or endovascular repair are well established. Aneurysms greater than 5 cm in diameter are recognized as representing an increased rupture risk and meriting intervention. Increasingly, additional interest has been generated in recognizing imaging features which may herald instability and portend a higher chance for potentially catastrophic rupture. This article will review and illustrate such signs, including hyperattenuation of mural thrombus, rapid expansion, low thrombus to lumen ratio, intimal calcification disruption, posterior mural draping, and saccular outpouching...
April 2016: Emergency Radiology
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