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Saccular aortic aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658876/combined-left-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-and-phrenic-nerve-palsy-a-rare-presentation-of-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#1
Pradosh Kumar Sarangi, Pratisruti Hui, H S Sagar, Dinesh Kumar Kisku, Jayashree Mohanty
Hoarseness of voice due to Vocal Cord Palsy (VCP) resulting from aortic aneurysm is a rare entity. Hoarseness due to left Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN) paralysis caused by identifiable cardiovascular disease has been described as Ortner's syndrome or Cardiovocal syndrome. Very rarely, thoracic aortic aneurysm can cause Phrenic Nerve (PN) palsy causing hemidiaphragm paralysis. But, aortic aneurysm causing both RLN and PN palsy is an extremely rare occasion. Our literature review showed only three cases of combined RLN and PN palsy due to thoracic aortic aneurysm...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639918/midterm-analysis-of-survival-and-cause-of-death-following-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#2
Gerard M Healy, Ciaran E Redmond, Sam Gray, Lucian Iacob, Stephen Sheehan, Joseph F Dowdall, Mary Barry, Colin P Cantwell, David P Brophy
PURPOSE: To assess rates of complications, secondary interventions, survival, and cause of death following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair over a 10-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-institution retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing primary endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) between July 2006 and June 2015. The population constituted 175 patients with 163 fusiform and 12 saccular AAAs. Of these, 149 (85%) were male, with mean age 75...
July 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591059/left-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-ruptured-into-left-ventricle-a-case-report-of-320-multidetector-ct-findings
#3
Kyungsoo Bae, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Hyang-Im Lee, Jeong Yoon Jang, Sung Eun Park, Kyeong Hwa Ryu, Hye Jin Baek, Bo Hwa Choi, Jin Il Moon, Soo Buem Cho
RATIONALE: Ruptured aneurysm originating from the left coronary sinus of Valsalva into the left ventricle (LV) is extremely rare. Imaging features of sinus aneurysm has been commonly reported using echocardiography or angiography. Here, we report multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings of left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm extending into the LV and caused severe aortic regurgitation (AR) in a 44-year-old male with latent infective endocarditis. The role of MDCT in preoperative surgical planning was also emphasized...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516094/combined-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-and-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-arch-aneurysm
#4
Yuanjia Zhu, Eric E Roselli, Jay J Idrees, Samir Kapadia, Lars G Svensson
An 83-year-old male with multiple comorbidities presented with critical aortic stenosis and a saccular aortic arch aneurysm. Through a mini thoracotomy, a balloon expandable transcatheter aortic valve was delivered transapically. A thoracic stent graft was then delivered through the prosthetic valve and deployed in the arch, while a covered stent was deployed in the left common carotid artery. Three-year postoperative computed tomography showed a thrombosed arch aneurysm with decreased size. This case demonstrates the feasibility of using combined transapical transcatheter technologies to treat multicomponent disease in a high-risk patient during a single operation...
October 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461180/giant-symptomatic-aneurysm-secondary-to-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-of-a-main-hepatic-artery-with-aberrant-origin-in-superior-mesenteric-artery
#5
Francisco Javier Peinado Cebria N, Santiago Este Banez Seco, A Ngel Flores-Herrero, Ricardo Montoya Ching, Benito Mendez Feria, Diego Soto Valdés, Maria Pilar Lamarca Mendoza, Antonio Orgaz Pe Rez-Grueso
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary Hemorragic Telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare disease consistent in vascular dysplasias affecting different organs. Liver involvement includes telangiectases, arteriovenous shunting, and ischemic cholangitis, and its prevalence ranges from 8 to 31%. Spontaneous pseudo aneurysms have never been reported associated to HHT. Several variations in the origin of the main hepatic artery (MHA) have been described in large radiological series, and can be found in around 4% of general population...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366302/results-of-the-valor-ii-trial-of-the-medtronic-valiant-thoracic-stent-graft
#6
Mark F Conrad, James Tuchek, Robert Freezor, Joseph Bavaria, Rodney White, Ronald Fairman
BACKGROUND: The 1-year results of endovascular exclusion of degenerative descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (DTA) with the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) have been previously reported. With long-term follow-up now complete, the 5-year results are reported. METHODS: The VALOR II trial (Evaluation of the Clinical Performance of the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft System in the Treatment of Descending Thoracic Aneurysms of Degenerative Etiology in Subjects Who Are Candidates for Endovascular Repair) was a prospective, nonrandomized trial of the Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft system in patients with degenerative DTA...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359490/how-could-these-mini-saccular-aneurysms-of-ascending-aorta-be-classified
#7
Anas Sarraj, Daniel-Edgardo Muñoz, Corazón-Mabel Calle Valda, Emilio Monguio, Guillermo Reyes
The wall of a true aneurysm is composed of all histologic layers of the aorta. A false aneurysm represents a small, contained rupture of aorta followed by bulging of the corresponding area that is usually sustained by a fibrous peel. Aortic dissection is defined as a separation of the lamellae of the aortic wall. Herein, we describe an unusual clinical presentation of aortic dissection in a 37-year-old male patient that presented severe aortic regurgitation and unusual bulges with linear intimal fissures in ascending aorta underwent mechanical aortic valve replacement and interposition of tubular vascular graft in ascending aorta...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255032/clinical-and-imaging-characteristics-of-diffuse-intracranial-dolichoectasia
#8
W Brinjikji, D M Nasr, K D Flemming, A Rouchaud, H J Cloft, G Lanzino, D F Kallmes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Among patients with vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is a subset of patients with disease affecting the anterior circulation as well. We hypothesized that multivessel intracranial dolichoectasia may represent a distinct phenotype from single-territory vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia. The purpose of this study was to characterize clinical characteristics and angiographic features of this proposed distinct phenotype termed "diffuse intracranial dolichoectasia" and compare them with those in patients with isolated vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia...
March 2, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163181/treatment-of-an-aortic-arch-aneurysm-with-scalloped-and-fenestrated-thoracic-stent-graft-and-left-carotid-to-subclavian-artery-bypass
#9
Cheow Soon Chia, Luke Tay Hsien Tsung, John Wang Chaw Chian, Tze Tec Chong, Kiang Hiong Tay, Edward Choke Tieng Chek
We report a successful treatment of thoracic arch aneurysm using a combination of hybrid approach and a customized stent graft in a frail patient with challenging anatomy and concomitant large retrosternal goiter. The patient is an 82-year-old lady with multiple comorbidities who presented to her general practitioner for anorexia and significant weight loss. She was incidentally found to have a 6.6 cm saccular distal aortic arch aneurysm, a 5.5 cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, and a large goiter adjacent to the left common carotid artery with retrosternal extension...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109377/antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-multiple-giant-saccular-aortic-aneurysms
#10
Ryoji Kinoshita, Tomohiro Mizuno, Tsuyoshi Hachimaru, Keiji Oi, Masafumi Yashima, Eiki Nagaoka, Tatsuki Fujiwara, Hidehito Kuroki, Dai Tasaki, Hirokuni Arai
We describe a very rare case of a 67-year-old man with multiple saccular aortic aneurysms throughout the entire aorta due to antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). The patient underwent staged aortic surgical procedures, including stent-graft insertion for a left iliac artery aneurysm, thoracic endovascular aortic repair for a descending aortic aneurysm, and total replacement of the ascending aorta and aortic arch with the use of high-dose steroids to control inflammation. The histologic findings demonstrated that the damage to the vasa vasorum of the adventitia resulting from AAV caused ischemia of the media, resulting in the formation of saccular aneurysmal changes...
February 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100975/management-of-a-mycotic-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-involving-the-celiac-artery
#11
Ahmet Dolapoglu, Kim I de la Cruz, Joseph S Coselli
A mycotic aneurysm that also involves the visceral arteries is a life-threatening condition. Surgical management typically consists of débridement and in situ repair with a Dacron graft and reimplantation of the involved visceral branches. We report a rare case of a mycotic saccular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm involving the celiac artery, with Streptococcus pneumoniae as the responsible organism. Successful repair of the aneurysm and concomitant revascularization of the celiac artery were achieved.
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097196/chimney-technique-with-nellix-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing-system-in-a-patient-with-single-kidney-and-juxtarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#12
Kaspars Kisis, Janis Savlovskis, Marcis Gedins, Natalija Ezite, Edgars Zellans, Dainis Krievins
We present a saccular asymptomatic juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 70-year-old male with a very short left renal artery supplying the only kidney. The case was successfully treated with the Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing system combined with a chimney technique.
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027791/characterizing-saccular-aortic-arch-aneurysms-from-the-geometry-flow-dynamics-relationship
#13
Kayoko Natsume, Norihiko Shiiya, Yasuo Takehara, Masataka Sugiyama, Hiroshi Satoh, Katsushi Yamashita, Naoki Washiyama
OBJECTIVE: Low wall shear stress (WSS) has been reported to be associated with accelerated atherosclerosis, aneurysm growth, or rupture. We evaluated the geometry of aortic arch aneurysms and their relationship with WSS by using the 4-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging to better characterize the saccular aneurysms. METHODS: We analyzed the geometry in 100 patients using multiplanar reconstruction of computed tomography. We evaluated WSS and vortex flow using 4-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging in 16 of them, which were compared with 8 age-matched control subjects and eight healthy young volunteers...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018511/open-surgery-of-a-descending-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-impending-rupture-with-a-compression-of-left-main-bronchus
#14
Takuya Fujikawa, Shin Yamamoto, Shunichiro Fujioka, Shiro Sasaguri
We describe the successful surgical treatment of an impending rupture of a saccular descending thoracic aortic aneurysm and accompanying compression of the left main bronchus. A 69-year-old man presented with a history of tingling chest pain lasting for a few hours. His left lung cannot be auscultated, and he was rapid progression of dyspnea. Computed tomography (CT) showed a saccular aneurysm compressing the left main bronchus. The patient was treated with conventional open surgery. The compression was immediately released...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982548/syphilitic-aortitis-and-its-complications-in-the-modern-era
#15
Francesco Drago, Giulia Merlo, Alfredo Rebora, Aurora Parodi
INTRODUCTION: Aortitis is a well recognized manifestation of the tertiary stage of syphilis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Although often regarded as an unexpected diagnosis, actually new cases of cardiovascular syphilis continue to be reported. Presumably, Treponema pallidum invades the aortic wall and the inflammatory response progresses towards obliterative endarteritis and necrosis of the muscular and elastic fibers in the aortic media. The consequent weakening of the aortic wall can lead to severe complications, represented by aortic aneurysm, aortic valvular insufficiency, aortic root dilation and coronary ostial stenosis...
December 16, 2016: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908813/coil-embolization-assisted-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-multiple-saccular-descending-aortic-aneurysms-with-insufficient-landing-zone
#16
Akito Imai, Tomomi Nakajima, Masataka Sato, Yasunori Watanabe, Shunichi Kondo, Motoo Osaka, Yuji Hiramatsu
We report a coil embolization-assisted thoracic endovascular aortic repair technique successfully applied to multiple saccular descending aortic aneurysms in a 74-year-old man. Because of the most distal aneurysm being located at the celiac trunk level and the distance between the superior mesenteric artery and the aneurysm being only 10 mm, a coil embolization of the distal saccular aneurysm was performed before stent delivery to secure a sufficient landing zone. Postoperative computed tomography showed an appropriate positioning of the endovascular devices without endoleak...
February 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908804/custom-made-conical-endograft-in-the-treatment-of-saccular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-with-tight-and-calcified-distal-neck-thinking-out-of-the-box
#17
Efstratios Georgakarakos, Christos Argyriou, Nikolaos Schoretsanitis, George S Georgiadis
BACKGROUND: To describe the use of the combination of a conical custom-made TREO(®) (TREO CM) stent graft in the treatment of a saccular abdominal aortic endograft (AAA) with long but tight and calcified distal neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 65-year-female patient was treated for a saccular 5.2 cm AAA with a 3-cm long but calcified and tight (16 mm) distal neck, precluding the safe use of a bifurcated endograft. Because the patient refused an open surgery, a conical TREO CM endograft was manufactured with 20% proximal oversizing, whereas the 3-cm caudal sealing segment demonstrated a conical configuration comprising a 2-cm and 1-cm nitinol-supported zones of 20% and 10% oversizing, respectively, to avoid excessive strain and incomplete expand at the most distal calcified area, leading ultimately to an insidious infolding and consequent type Ib endoleak...
February 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890849/hybrid-treatment-of-a-suprarenal-aortic-aneurysm-with-an-infrarenal-aortobifemoral-surgical-graft-and-a-fenestrated-stent-graft
#18
Sebastian Nagel, Athanasios Katsargyris, Kyriakos Oikonomou, Eric L G Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report a hybrid technique for the treatment of a suprarenal aortic aneurysm (SAA) in a patient with iliac occlusive disease. Initially, an infrarenal aortobifemoral surgical graft was implanted, followed by deployment of a fenestrated bifurcated stent graft at the suprarenal part of the aorta. METHODS: A 69-year-old man presented with a 51-mm saccular suprarenal aortic aneurysm and iliac occlusive disease with intermittent claudication...
February 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815450/results-from-a-nationwide-registry-on-scalloped-thoracic-stent-grafts-for-short-landing-zones
#19
Emma van der Weijde, Olaf J Bakker, Ignace F J Tielliu, Clark J Zeebregts, Robin H Heijmen
PURPOSE: To report the perioperative results and short-term follow-up of patients treated with scalloped thoracic stent-grafts. METHODS: A multicenter registry in the Netherlands captured data on 30 patients (mean age 68 years; 17 men) with thoracic aortic pathology and a short (<20 mm) proximal or distal landing zone who received a custom-made scalloped stent-graft between January 2013 and February 2016. Patients were treated for saccular (n=13) aneurysms, fusiform (n=9) aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms (n=4), or chronic type B dissections (n=4)...
February 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759427/surgical-exclusion-of-a-saccular-aneurysm-within-a-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-an-adult-patient-with-ortner-s-syndrome
#20
Giacomo Murana, Mariano Cefarelli, Geoffrey Kloppenburg, Wim J Morshuis, Robin H Heijmen
In adult the patent ductus arteriosus is a rare condition associated sometimes with lethal complications. We describe the case of a 44-year-old woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus admitted to our hospital with hoarseness and severe dyspnea. Clinical imaging examinations indicated a saccular aneurysm within a persistent ductus arteriosus with signs of impending rupture. Patient was not considered suitable for transcatheter closure and therefore she underwent open aortic repair. The procedure was uneventful and any significant complications occurred during postoperative course...
October 19, 2016: Future Cardiology
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