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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145557/comparative-analysis-of-the-growth-pattern-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-patients-screened-by-ultrasonography-in-japan-after-a-nuclear-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#1
Sanae Midorikawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Michio Murakami, Hideto Takahashi, Satoru Suzuki, Takashi Matsuzuka, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Shunichi Yamashita, Hitoshi Ohto, Koichi Tanigawa, Kenji Kamiya
Importance: Thyroid cancer generally grows at a very slow rate in adults, and overdiagnosis is a global issue. However, the detection of early-stage thyroid cancer by screening is not well described in young patients. To prevent overdiagnosis, it is essential to understand the natural course of thyroid cancer growth detection by ultrasonography screening in young patients. Objective: To evaluate the natural progression of thyroid cancer in young patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: An observational study evaluated changes in the diameter of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid tumors on 2 occasions...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145477/the-abundance-of-health-associated-bacteria-is-altered-in-pah-polluted-soils-implications-for-health-in-urban-areas
#2
Anirudra Parajuli, Mira Grönroos, Sari Kauppi, Tomasz Płociniczak, Marja I Roslund, Polina Galitskaya, Olli H Laitinen, Heikki Hyöty, Ari Jumpponen, Rauni Strömmer, Martin Romantschuk, Nan Hui, Aki Sinkkonen
Long-term exposure to polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been connected to chronic human health disorders. It is also well-known that i) PAH contamination alters soil bacterial communities, ii) human microbiome is associated with environmental microbiome, and iii) alteration in the abundance of members in several bacterial phyla is associated with adverse or beneficial human health effects. We hypothesized that soil pollution by PAHs altered soil bacterial communities that had known associations with human health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145461/climate-change-mitigation-opportunities-based-on-carbon-footprint-estimates-of-dietary-patterns-in-peru
#3
Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Alessandro Gilardino
Food consumption accounts for an important proportion of the world GHG emissions per capita. Previous studies have delved into the nature of dietary patterns, showing that GHG reductions can be achieved in diets if certain foods are consumed rather than other, more GHG intensive products. For instance, vegetarian and low-meat diets have proved to be less carbon intensive than diets that are based on ruminant meat. These environmental patterns, increasingly analyzed in developed nations, are yet to be assessed in countries liked Peru where food purchase represents a relatively high percentage of the average household expenditure, ranging from 38% to 51% of the same...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145144/pyrethroid-pesticide-residues-in-the-global-environment-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
Wangxin Tang, Di Wang, Jiaqi Wang, Zhengwen Wu, Lingyu Li, Mingli Huang, Shaohui Xu, Dongyun Yan
Pyrethroids are synthetic organic insecticides with low mammalian toxicity that are widely used in both rural and urban areas worldwide. After entering the natural environment, pyrethroids circulate among the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas and enter organisms through food chains, resulting in substantial health risks. This review summarized the available studies on pyrethroid residues since 1986 in different media at the global scale and indicated that pyrethroids have been widely detected in a range of environments (including soils, water, sediments, and indoors) and in organisms...
October 23, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145094/a-mixture-of-five-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-modulates-concentrations-of-bisphenol-a-and-estradiol-in-mice
#5
Tyler Pollock, Rachel E Weaver, Ramtin Ghasemi, Denys deCatanzaro
Most people in developed countries are exposed to multiple endocrine-disrupting synthetic chemicals. We previously showed that a single dose of triclosan, tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), butyl paraben, propyl paraben, or di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate elevated concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) in mice. Here we investigated whether concurrent exposure to lower doses of these five chemicals could modulate concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) or the natural estrogen, 17β-estradiol (E2). CF1 mice were injected subcutaneously with 0...
November 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145053/elucidating-the-urban-levels-sources-and-health-risks-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-pahs-in-pakistan-implications-for-changing-energy-demand
#6
Naima Hamid, Jabir Hussain Syed, Muhammad Junaid, Adeel Mahmood, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Riffat Naseem Malik
Due to the severe fuel crisis in terms of natural gas, a paradigm shift in fuel combustion (diesel, gasoline, and biomass) may increase the atmospheric emissions and associated health risks in Pakistan. Present study was aimed to investigate the concentration of fugitive PAHs in the environment (outdoor and indoor settings), associated probabilistic health risk assessment in the exposed population, and possible linkage between fuel consumption patterns and PAHs emissions in twin cities (Rawalpindi and Islamabad) of Pakistan...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145006/a-cross-disciplinary-evaluation-of-evidence-for-multipollutant-effects-on-cardiovascular-disease
#7
REVIEW
Thomas J Luben, Barbara J Buckley, Molini M Patel, Tina Stevens, Evan Coffman, Kristen M Rappazzo, Elizabeth O Owens, Erin P Hines, Danielle Moore, Kyle Painter, Ryan Jones, Laura Datko-Williams, Adrien A Wilkie, Meagan Madden, Jennifer Richmond-Bryant
BACKGROUND: The current single-pollutant approach to regulating ambient air pollutants is effective at protecting public health, but efficiencies may be gained by addressing issues in a multipollutant context since multiple pollutants often have common sources and individuals are exposed to more than one pollutant at a time. OBJECTIVE: We performed a cross-disciplinary review of the effects of multipollutant exposures on cardiovascular effects. METHODS: A broad literature search for references including at least two criteria air pollutants (particulate matter [PM], ozone [O3], oxides of nitrogen, sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide) was conducted...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144421/paralytic-shellfish-toxins-and-cyanotoxins-in-the-mediterranean-new-data-from-sardinia-and-sicily-italy
#8
Antonella Lugliè, Maria Grazia Giacobbe, Elena Riccardi, Milena Bruno, Silvia Pigozzi, Maria Antonietta Mariani, Cecilia Teodora Satta, Daniela Stacca, Anna Maria Bazzoni, Tiziana Caddeo, Pasqualina Farina, Bachisio Mario Padedda, Silvia Pulina, Nicola Sechi, Anna Milandri
Harmful algal blooms represent a severe issue worldwide. They affect ecosystem functions and related services and goods, with consequences on human health and socio-economic activities. This study reports new data on paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) from Sardinia and Sicily (Italy), the largest Mediterranean islands where toxic events, mainly caused by Alexandrium species (Dinophyceae), have been ascertained in mussel farms since the 2000s. The toxicity of the A. minutum, A. tamarense and A. pacificum strains, established from the isolation of vegetative cells and resting cysts, was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
November 16, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143899/headache-in-resource-limited-settings
#9
REVIEW
Yohannes W Woldeamanuel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the unmet need of headache burden and management in resource-limited settings. It provides a general overview of the nuances and peculiarities of headache disorders in resource-limited settings. The review delivers perspectives and explanations for the emerging burden of both primary and secondary headache disorders. Important discussion on demographic and epidemiologic transition pertinent to low-resource settings is included. A critical analysis of headache disorders is made within the context of growing burden non-communicable disorders in low-resource countries...
November 16, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143668/women-s-empowerment-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-facilities-in-lucknow-india-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Emily Treleaven, Nirmala Murthy, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has found widespread reports of women experiencing abuse, neglect, discrimination, and poor interpersonal care during childbirth around the globe. Empowerment may be a protective mechanism for women against facility mistreatment during childbirth. The majority of previous research on mistreatment during childbirth has been qualitative in nature. METHODS: In this analysis, we use quantitative data from 392 women who recently gave birth in a facility in the slums of Lucknow, India, to explore whether measures of women's empowerment are associated with their experiences of mistreatment at their last childbirth...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143643/subcutaneous-dirofilariosis-dirofilaria-repens-an-infection-spreading-throughout-the-old-world
#11
REVIEW
Claudio Genchi, Laura Kramer
BACKGROUND: Two main Dirofilaria species infect dogs: D. immitis and D. repens. While D. immitis has a worldwide distribution, D. repens is currently found only in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Adult D. repens are located in subcutaneous tissues of natural hosts where they survive for long periods of time. First-stage larvae, microfilariae, circulate in the peripheral bloodstream, where they are taken up by the mosquito intermediate hosts. Infected mosquitoes then transmit infective third-stage (L3) larvae to new hosts through the blood meal...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143621/identification-and-characterization-of-regulatory-network-components-for-anthocyanin-synthesis-in-barley-aleurone
#12
Ksenia V Strygina, Andreas Börner, Elena K Khlestkina
BACKGROUND: Among natural populations, there are different colours of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). The colour of barley grains is directly related to the accumulation of different pigments in the aleurone layer, pericarp and lemma. Blue grain colour is due to the accumulation of anthocyanins in the aleurone layer, which is dependent on the presence of five Blx genes that are not sequenced yet (Blx1, Blx3 and Blx4 genes clustering on chromosome 4HL and Blx2 and Blx5 on 7HL). Due to the health benefits of anthocyanins, blue-grained barley can be considered as a source of dietary food...
November 14, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#13
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142759/forced-migrants-involved-in-setting-the-agenda-and-designing-research-to-reduce-impacts-of-complex-emergencies-combining-swarm-with-patient-and-public-involvement
#14
Julii Suzanne Brainard, Enana Al Assaf, Judith Omasete, Steve Leach, Charlotte C Hammer, Paul R Hunter
Plain English summary: The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response was asked to undertake research on how to reduce the impact of complex national/international emergencies on public health. How to focus the research and decide on priority topics was challenging, given the nature of complex events. Using a type of structured brain-storming, the researchers identified the ongoing UK, European and international migration crisis as both complex and worthy of deeper research...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141681/patient-influence-in-home-based-reablement-for-older-persons-qualitative-research
#15
Aud Moe, Kari Ingstad, Hildfrid V Brataas
BACKGROUND: Reablement services are rehabilitation for older people living at home, being person-centered in information, mapping and the goal-setting conversation. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about conversation processes and patient influence in formulating the patients' goals. There are two research questions: How do conversation theme, structure and processes appear in interactions aiming to decide goals of home-based reablement rehabilitation for the elderly? How professionals' communication skills do influence on patients' participation in conversation about everyday life and goals of home-based reablement? METHODS: A qualitative field study explored eight cases of naturally occurring conversations between patients and healthcare professionals in a rehabilitation team...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141642/doing-implementation-research-on-health-governance-a-frontline-researcher-s-reflexive-account-of-field-level-challenges-and-their-management
#16
Gupteswar Patel, Surekha Garimella, Kerry Scott, Shinjini Mondal, Asha George, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Implementation Research (IR) in and around health systems comes with unique challenges for researchers including implementation, multi-layer governance, and ethical issues. Partnerships between researchers, implementers, policy makers and community members are central to IR and come with additional challenges. In this paper, we elaborate on the challenges faced by frontline field researchers, drawing from experience with an IR study on Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141192/impact-of-the-cultivation-strategy-on-resveratrol-production-from-glucose-in-engineered-corynebacterium-glutamicum
#17
Adelaide Braga, Joana Oliveira, Rita Silva, Patricia Ferreira, Isabel Rocha, Nicolai Kallscheuer, Jan Marienhagen, Nuno Faria
The health benefits of polyphenols such as stilbenes and flavonoids for humans are increasingly attracting attention. Resveratrol is a well-characterized naturally-occurring stilbene and potent anti-oxidant, which is used as food supplement and cosmetic ingredient. Several microorganisms including Corynebacterium glutamicum were engineered for resveratrol production from glucose. Based on the cultivation of a resveratrol-producing C. glutamicum strain in shake flasks, different strategies for improving production under controlled conditions at bioreactor scale were tested...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141044/high-dimensional-linear-state-space-models-for-dynamic-microbial-interaction-networks
#18
Iris Chen, Yogeshwar D Kelkar, Yu Gu, Jie Zhou, Xing Qiu, Hulin Wu
Medical researchers are increasingly interested in knowing how the complex community of micro-organisms living on human body impacts human health. Key to this is to understand how the microbes interact with each other. Time-course studies on human microbiome indicate that the composition of microbiome changes over short time periods, primarily as a consequence of synergistic and antagonistic interactions of the members of the microbiome with each other and with the environment. Knowledge of the abundance of bacteria-which are the predominant members of the human microbiome-in such time-course studies along with appropriate mathematical models will allow us to identify key dynamic interaction networks within the microbiome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140819/positive-and-negative-impacts-of-a-continuing-professional-development-intervention-on-pharmacist-practice-a-balanced-measure-evaluation
#19
Sukhjinder Sidhu, Sean K Gorman, Richard S Slavik, Tasha Ramsey, Nicole Bruchet, Sarah Murray
INTRODUCTION: Evaluations of behavior change interventions aimed at improving professional practice are increasingly focused on impacts at the practice and patient outcome levels. Many of these evaluations assume that if the intended changes occur, the result represents an improvement. However, given the systemic nature of clinical practice, a change in one area can produce changes in other areas as well, some of which may adversely affect the patient. Balancing measures are used to determine whether unintended consequences of an intervention have been introduced into other areas of the system...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140661/an-international-model-for-antibiotics-regulation
#20
Emilie Aguirre
We face a global antibiotics resistance crisis. Antibiotic drugs are rapidly losing their effectiveness, potentially propelling us toward a post-antibiotic world. The largest use of antibiotics in the world is in food-producing animals. Food producers administer these drugs in routine, low doses—the types of doses that are incidentally the most conducive to breeding antibiotic resistance. In general, individual countries have been too slow to act in regulating misuse and overuse of antibiotics in foodproducing animals...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
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