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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926162/retinal-vessel-morphology-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-association-with-systemic-inflammation-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-risk
#1
Panagiota Anyfanti, Areti Triantafyllou, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Nikolaos Koletsos, Georgios Athanasopoulos, Xenophon Zabulis, Vasiliki Galanopoulou, Spyros Aslanidis, Stella Douma
OBJECTIVE: Quantification of retinal vessel morphology has emerged as a marker of cardiovascular health. We examined retinal microvascular diameters in RA, particularly in regard with systemic inflammation, subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Retinal images from RA patients and controls were processed using computerized software, to obtain central retinal arteriolar (CRAE) and venular (CRVE) equivalent and arteriovenous ratio (AVR). Subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and 10-year risk of general cardiovascular disease was calculated...
September 19, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915687/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#2
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910282/characterization-of-intravascular-cellular-activation-in-relationship-to-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#3
Muthuvel Jayachandran, Vesna D Garovic, Michelle M Mielke, Kent R Bailey, Brian D Lahr, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVE: Mechanisms and interactions among intravascular cells contributing to development of subclinical atherosclerosis are poorly understood. In women, both menopausal status and pregnancy history influence progression of atherosclerosis. This study examined activation and interactions among blood elements with subclinical atherosclerosis in menopausal women with known pregnancy histories. METHODS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, was measured using B-mode ultrasound in age- and parity-matched women [40 with and 40 without a history of preeclampsia] 35 years after the index pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904249/relationship-between-serum-uric-acid-and-vascular-function-and-structure-markers-and-gender-difference-in-a-real-world-population-of-china-from-beijing-vascular-disease-patients-evaluation-study-best-study
#4
Huan Liu, Jinbo Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
AIM: The study was done to establish the relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and vascular function and structure parameters including carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV), carotid radial pulse wave velocity (CR-PWV), cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI), ankle brachial index (ABI), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and the gender difference in a real-world population from China. METHODS: A total of 979 subjects were enrolled (aged 60.86±11...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892255/does-cardiovascular-risk-vary-according-to-the-criteria-for-a-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
Sedef Ramoglu, Tevfik Yoldemir, Kemal Atasayan, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
AIM: The risk of cardiovascular disease is higher in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared to healthy individuals. Chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, hyperlipidemia and increased oxidative stress are known to have a role in the formation of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate if cardiovascular risk varied according to different PCOS criteria, using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), which is an important marker of major cardiovascular events in the later stages of life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889188/factors-associated-with-accelerated-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-without-overt-cardiovascular-disease
#6
Alessandro Giollo, Andrea Dalbeni, Giovanni Cioffi, Federica Ognibeni, Davide Gatti, Luca Idolazzi, Giovanni Orsolini, Pietro Minuz, Maurizio Rossini, Cristiano Fava, Ombretta Viapiana
Data on the progression of atherosclerosis in spondyloarthritis (SpA) are scarce, despite a high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of an accelerated subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with SpA. Study participants were 66 patients free of CVD classified according to ASAS criteria. The patients were evaluated at baseline and after 13.5 ± 3.6 months. Ultrasound measurements of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and distensibility coefficient (cDC) were used to assess the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885318/gamma-prime-%C3%AE-fibrinogen-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#7
Pamela J Schreiner, Duke Appiah, Aaron R Folsom
: We assessed if γ' fibrinogen, an isoform of fibrinogen, is independently associated with subclinical atherosclerosis beyond total fibrinogen in black and white men and women participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Fasting γ' fibrinogen was measured in 6847 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities participants, ages 51-70 years, in 1993-1995. Carotid intima-media far wall thickness (CIMT) was measured by B-mode ultrasonography at the common, internal and bifurcation carotids. The association of γ' fibrinogen tertiles with overall and segment-specific mean CIMT was assessed with linear regression, controlling for fibrinogen as well as cardiovascular risk factors, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and D-dimer...
September 6, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881821/radial-artery-intima-media-thickness-regresses-after-secondary-prevention-interventions-in-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-is-associated-with-cardiac-and-kidney-biomarkers
#8
Damilola D Adingupu, Helena U Westergren, Santosh Dahgam, Ann-Cathrine Jönsson-Rylander, Juuso Blomster, Per Albertsson, Elmir Omerovic, Sara Svedlund, Li-Ming Gan
BACKGROUND: Radial artery intima-media thickness (rIMT) measured by ultra-high-resolution ultrasound is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and predicts outcomes. We performed non-invasive high-resolution ultrasound of the radial artery to investigate vascular changes in subjects presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PURPOSE: In the present work, we aimed to follow rIMT change over time post-acute coronary syndrome as a tool to monitor potential response to intensified medical therapy...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879650/vascular-and-cardiac-function-in-young-adults-with-classical-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
Joanna Wierzbicka-Chmiel, Artur Chmiel, Sławomir Rychlik, Monika Ogrodowczyk-Bobik, Bogdan Marek, Dariusz Kajdaniuk
INTRODUCTION: Patients with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) have increased cardiovascular risk, but the vascular and cardiac function during longitudinal corticoids replacement therapy is not known thoroughly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 19 Caucasian adults with CAH (age 23.7 ± 3.8 years; twelve males) compared to 20 healthy volunteers matched for origin, sex, age, and body mass index (BMI). All of the participants were assessed for flow mediated dilatation of the brachial artery (FMD), intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (cIMT) and common femoral artery (fIMT), standard echocardiography, and global longitudinal left ventricular function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (LSTE)...
September 7, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873842/development-of-a-robotic-system-for-enhancing-children-s-motivation-in-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-cimt
#10
Pavlina Psychouli, Pericles Cheng, Christos Dimopoulos
This paper presents a novel robotic system, which aims to enhance children's motivation through the gamification of the CIMT process. The system offers adjustability of the required movement skills, ensuring children will put increasingly more effort to achieve the rehabilitation goal, while keeping the task fun and engaging.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859681/factors-affecting-affect-cardiovascular-health-in-indonesian-hiv-patients-beginning-art
#11
Birry Karim, Ika Praseya Wijaya, Rizky Rahmaniyah, Ibnu Ariyanto, Shelley Waters, Riwanti Estiasari, Patricia Price
BACKGROUND: We present a small longitudinal study of how demographic factors and persistent burdens of HIV and cytomegalovirus (CMV) influence cardiovascular health in young adults beginning ART in an inner-city clinic in Jakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: ART-naïve HIV patients [n = 67; aged 31 (19 to 48) years] were enrolled in the JakCCANDO Project. Echocardiography and carotid Doppler ultrasonography were performed before ART (V0) and after 3, 6, and 12 months (V3-12)...
August 31, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859603/effects-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-for-lower-limbs-on-measurements-of-functional-mobility-and-postural-balance-in-subjects-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Emília Márcia Gomes de Souza E Silva, Tatiana Souza Ribeiro, Tállyta Camyla Chaves da Silva, Mayara Fabiana Pereira Costa, Fabrícia Azevedo da Costa Cavalcanti, Ana Raquel Rodrigues Lindquist
Abstrato Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is suggested to reduce functional asymmetry between the upper limbs after stroke. However, there are few studies about CIMT for lower limbs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of CIMT for lower limbs on functional mobility and postural balance in subjects with stroke. METHODS: A 40-day follow-up, single-blind randomized controlled trial was performed with 38 subacute stroke patients (mean of 4.5 months post-stroke)...
August 31, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846471/cimt-2017-anniversary-symposium-report-on-the-15th-cimt-annual-meeting-of-the-association-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#13
Lena M Kranz, Jan D Beck, Christian Grunwitz, Christian Hotz, Mathias Vormehr, Mustafa Diken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844515/relation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-to-cardiovascular-events-in-black-americans-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Todd C Villines, Lucy L Hsu, Chad Blackshear, Cheryl R Nelson, Michael Griswold
Although several prospective studies have reported independent relations between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in primarily non-African-American (AA) cohorts, the utility of CIMT values for the prediction of incident coronary heart disease and stroke events in blacks remain unclear. At the baseline examination (2000 to 2004) of the Jackson Heart Study, AA adults 21 to 94 years of age (mean 54) underwent bilateral far-wall CIMT measurement (mean 0.76 mm)...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840128/calcium-phosphate-product-is-associated-with-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes
#15
Anna Ramírez-Morros, Minerva Granado-Casas, Nuria Alcubierre, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Jordi Real, Esmeralda Castelblanco, Aureli Esquerda, Gonzalo Cao, Esther Rubinat, Marta Hernández, Núria Alonso, Elvira Fernández, Didac Mauricio
AIMS: To assess whether circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD) and mineral metabolism-related factors (serum phosphate, calcium, and parathormone) are associated with subclinical carotid atherosclerosis (SCA), defined as the presence of carotid atherosclerotic plaques (main study outcome), in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) without kidney disease or previous cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We undertook a post hoc analysis of a cross-sectional study in adults with T2DM in whom we evaluated SCA...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831582/asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-symmetric-dimethylarginine-prospectively-relates-to-carotid-wall-thickening-in-black-men-the-sabpa-study
#16
Catharina M C Mels, A E Schutte, H W Huisman, W Smith, R Kruger, J M van Rooyen, E Schwedhelm, D Atzler, R H Böger, N T Malan, L Malan
The relationship of both asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine with carotid wall thickness is inconclusive especially among black populations. We aimed to compare carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and dimethylarginine levels in 75 black and 91 white men at baseline and after a 3-year follow-up, and to investigate associations of percentage change in cIMT with percentage change in dimethylarginine levels (ADMA and SDMA). Plasma levels of ADMA and SDMA were determined with a liquid chromatography mass spectrometry method and B-mode ultrasonography was used to determine the cIMT at baseline and follow-up...
August 22, 2017: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828963/soluble-tweak-may-predict-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-treated-hiv-infection
#17
Sahera Dirajlal-Fargo, Abdus Sattar, Manjusha Kulkarni, Nicholas Funderburg, Grace A McComsey
BACKGROUND: Soluble Tumor Necrosis Factor Weak Inducer of Apoptosis (sTWEAK) has been proposed as a novel biomarker of cardiovascular disease risk. This study compares levels of sTWEAK, sCD163 and the sCD163/sTWEAK ratio in HIV-infected and uninfected patients and their associations with cardiovascular and inflammatory factors. METHODS: The data for our analysis come from 274 HIV-infected adults and 59 controls. HIV participants were on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
August 22, 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826575/apolipoprotein-b-is-associated-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-progression-independent-of-individual-cholesterol-measures-in-a-9-year-prospective-study-of-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-participants
#18
Brian T Steffen, Weihua Guan, Alan T Remaley, James H Stein, Mathew C Tattersall, Joel Kaufman, Michael Y Tsai
BACKGROUND: High blood cholesterol contributes to atherosclerosis, yet reliance on the lipid panel alone may mischaracterize individuals with elevated lipoprotein particle numbers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the article was to determine whether elevated lipoprotein or apolipoprotein measures are associated with carotid atherosclerosis and plaque progression independent of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including standard lipids in a subcohort of 2228 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816229/plasma-expression-level-of-mirna-let-7-is-positively-correlated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension
#19
Y-Q Huang, C Huang, J-Y Chen, J Li, Y-Q Feng
MicroRNAs (miRNA, miR) play vital part in the pathophysiology of arterial remodeling in hypertension patients, and are increasingly becoming novel biomarkers in cardiovascular disease. The study was designed to evaluate the correlation between let-7 expression level and subclinical atherosclerosis in untreated patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. We assessed 240 participants including 60 healthy volunteers with normal carotid intima-media thickness (nCIMT), 60 healthy volunteers with increased CIMT (iCIMT), 60 hypertension patients with nCIMT and 60 hypertension patients with iCIMT...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813891/quantitative-assessment-of-paretic-limb-dexterity-and-interlimb-coordination-during-bilateral-arm-rehabilitation-training
#20
Chang Xu, Siyi Li, Kui Wang, Zengguang Hou, Ningbo Yu
In neuro-rehabilitation after stroke, the conventional constrained induced movement therapy (CIMT) has been well-accepted. Existing bilateral trainings are mostly on mirrored symmetrical motion. However, complementary bilateral movements are dominantly involved in activities of daily living (ADLs), and functional bilateral therapies may bring better skill transfer from trainings to daily life. Neurophysiological evidence is also growing. In this work, we firstly introduce our bilateral arm training system realized with a haptic interface and a motion sensor, as well as the tasks that have been designed to train both the manipulation function of the paretic arm and coordination of bilateral upper limbs...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
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