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CIMT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211818/comparison-of-the-effects-of-bilateral-and-unilateral-training-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#1
Yejin Lee, Moon Young Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park, Hae Yean Park
BACKGROUND: The differential effects of bilateral and unilateral training on upper extremity (UE) function remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of bilateral and unilateral training on UE function and activities of daily living (ADL) after stroke. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for inclusion by two reviewers after searching the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and KoreaMed...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208908/comparison-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-children-of-patients-with-and-without-premature-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Alagesan Murali, Anith Kumar Mambatta, R R M Ranganathan, R Shanmugasundaram, K Deepalakshmi
INTRODUCTION: Increased Carotid Intima Medial Thickness (CIMT) is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and vascular events like Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and stroke. AIM: This study was designed to identify whether CIMT is increased in the children of parents with premature coronary artery disease and compare it with age and sex matched controls who are children of normal individuals. We also tried to compare and correlate the changes in CIMT if any, among the study group with relation to family history of diabetes and hypertension...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199358/association-between-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-different-subtypes-of-hypertension-in-adult-populations-a-multiethnic-study-in-xinjiang-china
#3
Yun Wu, Fen Liu, Dilare Adi, Yi-Ning Yang, Xiang Xie, Xiao-Mei Li, Xiang Ma, Zhen-Yan Fu, Ying Huang, Bang-Dang Chen, Chun-Fang Shan, Yi-Tong Ma
BACKGROUND: Ethnic differences in non-invasive measurements of carotid atherosclerosis are being increasingly reported, but the association between carotid atherosclerosis and different subtypes of hypertension in adult populations is not fully understood in different ethnicities. We aimed to investigate the association of carotid atherosclerosis with different subtypes of hypertension in different ethnicities in Xinjiang, a northwestern province in China. METHODS: A total of 14,618 participants (5,757 Hans, 4,767 Uygurs, and 4,094 Kazakhs) from 26 villages of seven cities in Xinjiang were randomly selected from the Cardiovascular Risk Survey conducted during 2007 and 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199074/inflammatory-markers-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-as-potential-bridges-linking-bipolar-disorder-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-adolescents
#4
Jessica K Hatch, Gustavo Scola, Omodele Olowoyeye, Jordan E Collins, Ana C Andreazza, Alan Moody, Anthony J Levitt, Bradley H Strauss, Krista L Lanctot, Benjamin I Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory markers are leading biomarkers in BD. We examined whether these biomarkers underlie the link between BD and CVD proxies among adolescents with bipolar spectrum disorders. METHODS: Subjects were 60 adolescents, 13-19 years old (40 with BD and 20 healthy controls [HCs]). Semistructured interviews determined diagnoses based on DSM-IV...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195589/preterm-arteries-in-childhood-dimensions-intima-media-thickness-and-elasticity-of-the-aorta-coronaries-and-carotids-in-6-y-old-children-born-extremely-preterm
#5
Lilly-Ann Mohlkert, Jenny Hallberg, Olof Broberg, Monica Hellström, Cecilia Pegelow Halvorsen, Gunnar Sjöberg, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Petru Liuba, Vineta Fellman, Magnus Domellöf, Mikael Norman
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth increases risk for adult cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that arteries in 6-y-old children born preterm are narrower, with thicker intima-media and stiffer than in peers born at term. METHODS: Children born extremely preterm (EXP, n = 176, birthweights: 348-1,161 g) and at term (CTRL, n = 174, birthweights: 2,430-4,315 g) were included. Using ultrasonography, we determined diameters of the coronaries (CA), common carotid arteries (CCA) and aorta, the carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and the stiffness index of the CCA and aorta...
February 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183353/endothelial-injury-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-crosstalk-between-dimethylarginines-and-systemic-inflammation
#6
Theodoros Dimitroulas, James Hodson, Aamer Sandoo, Jacqueline Smith, George D Kitas
BACKGROUND: Symmetric (SDMA) and asymmetric (ADMA) dimethylarginines have emerged as novel biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in several disease settings associated with atherosclerosis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease characterized by high CVD mortality and morbidity. ADMA and SDMA levels are abnormal in RA patients, but their correlation with assessments of endothelial function and structure remains unknown. We aimed to investigate whether SDMA and ADMA are associated with carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and arterial stiffness as well as non-invasive assessments of in vivo micro- and macrovascular endothelial function in RA patients with high systemic inflammatory load...
February 10, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180952/endothelial-dysfunction-during-long-term-follow-up-in-children-with-stec-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#7
Martin Kreuzer, Laura Sollmann, Stephan Ruben, Maren Leifheit-Nestler, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Lars Pape, Dieter Haffner
BACKGROUND: Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)-associated hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), especially in children. Its long-term outcome with respect to endothelial damage remains largely elusive. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in 26 children who had suffered from STEC-HUS in the past and achieved a complete recovery of renal function (eGFR >90 ml/min/1.73 m(2)). Skin microcirculation after local heating was assessed by laser Doppler fluximetry, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), 24-h ambulatory blood pressure, and angiopoietin (Ang) 1 and 2 serum levels after a median follow-up period of 6...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160451/association-between-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-fasting-blood-glucose-level-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-low-income-adults-in-rural-china
#8
Liu Gao, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Jingxian Ni, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang, Yukun Li
AIMS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is an established predictor of cardiovascular disease and stroke. We aimed to identify the association between CIMT and blood glucose as well as the risk factors associated with increased CIMT in a low-income Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥45 years were recruited. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure CIMT. RESULTS: There were 2643 participants (71...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156155/assessment-of-diastolic-dysfunction-arterial-stiffness-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#9
Güven Barış Cansu, Nusret Yılmaz, Atakan Yanıkoğlu, Sebahat Özdem, Aytül Belgi Yıldırım, Gültekin Süleymanlar, Hasan Ali Altunbaş
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in acromegaly, may be an efficient approach to extending the lifespan of the affected patients. Therefore, it is crucial to determine any cardiovascular diseases in the subclinical period. The study objectives were to determine markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and asses heart structure and functioning. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional single-center study in 53 patients with acromegaly and 22 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals...
February 3, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155612/the-influence-of-dietary-components-on-early-signs-of-atherosclerosis-in-apparently-healthy-young-adult-males-an-observational-study-of-615-subjects
#10
Girolamo Catapano Minotti, Francesca Cortese, Andrea Corsonello, Giovanni Guadalupi, Antonio Paolo D Arcangelo, Saverio Daniele Palumbo, Rita Naio, Ottovio De Clemente, Andrea Aurelio, Simona Carone, Tiziana Gelsumino, Vincenzo Gemignani, Elisabetta Bianchini, Mariangela Vigotti, Francesco Faita, Luciano Greco, Roberto Primerano, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Marco Matteo Ciccone
BACKGROUND: the literature shows that a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables, has positive effects on overall cardiovascular risk, protecting against atherosclerosis. DESIGN: a cross sectional study in a population of apparently healthy young-adult men with the aim of investigating dietary determinants of early atherosclerosis, assessed by measuring carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery. METHODS: 615 males (mean age ± SD: 40...
February 1, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150294/muscle-strength-and-carotid-artery-flow-velocity-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-atherosclerosis-in-adults
#11
Jinkee Park, Hyuntae Park
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has been proposed as a surrogate marker of atherosclerotic disease. In addition, carotid flow velocity (FV) and muscle strength (MS) are reported to be associated with increased CIMT. As there remains insufficient evidence for a complex association of CIMT with FV and MS, the aim of this study was to examine this association in adults. METHODS: A total of 426 adults participated in this study. MS in all subjects was measured by hand grip strength...
February 2, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148544/advanced-glycation-end-products-oxidation-products-and-the-extent-of-atherosclerosis-during-the-va-diabetes-trial-and-follow-up-study
#12
Aramesh Saremi, Scott Howell, Dawn C Schwenke, Gideon Bahn, Paul J Beisswenger, Peter D Reaven
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether plasma levels of advanced glycation end products and oxidation products play a role in the development of atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) over nearly 10 years of the VA Diabetes Trial and Follow-up Study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Baseline plasma levels of methylglyoxal hydroimidazolone, Nε-carboxymethyl lysine, Nε-carboxyethyl lysine (CEL), 3-deoxyglucosone hydroimidazolone and glyoxal hydroimidazolone (G-H1), 2-aminoadipic acid (2-AAA), and methionine sulfoxide were measured in a total of 411 participants, who underwent ultrasound assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and computed tomography scanning of coronary artery calcification (CAC) and abdominal aortic artery calcification (AAC) after an average of 10 years of follow-up...
February 1, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143987/scoring-system-development-and-added-value-of-albuminuria-to-estimate-carotid-intima-media-thickness-cimt-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#13
Indra Wijaya, Em Yunir, Dharmeizar Dharmeizar, Ika Prasetya Wijaya, Siti Setiati
AIM: to develop a scoring system and measure the diagnostic added value of albuminuria to estimate CIMT. METHODS: cross-sectional study was done in Endocrine Outpatient Clinic Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital between March-May 2012 in T2DM patients without history of cerebrocardiovascular event, CKD stage ≥ III, and smoking. Bivariate analysis and multivariate (logistic regression) analysis was done, followed by developing the scoring system. RESULTS: from 71 subjects, there were 67...
October 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141779/direct-targeting-of-macrophages-with-methylglyoxal-bis-guanylhydrazone-decreases-siv-associated-cardiovascular-inflammation-and-pathology
#14
Joshua A Walker, Andrew D Miller, Tricia H Burdo, Michael S McGrath, Kenneth C Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite effective combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) HIV infected individuals develop co-morbidities including cardiovascular disease (CVD), where activated macrophages play a key role. To date, few therapies target activated monocytes and macrophages. METHODS: We evaluated a novel oral form of the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor methylglyoxal-bisguanylhydrazone (MGBG) on cardiovascular inflammation, carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT), and fibrosis in a SIV infection model of AIDS...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137492/subclinical-atherosclerosis-risk-markers-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Ling-Yun Wang, Ya-Nan Zhu, Juan-Juan Cui, Ke-Qin Yin, Shao-Xia Liu, Yong-Hua Gao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Identifying early changes of cardiovascular system before the occurrence of fatal clinical event is critical for the management of COPD. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the associations between COPD and subclinical markers of cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE for studies published before Aug 1st, 2016, on the association between COPD and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), prevalence of carotid plaques, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx)...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134279/carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-its-association-with-conventional-risk-factors-in-low-income-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#16
Bin Liu, Jingxian Ni, Min Shi, Lingling Bai, Changqing Zhan, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Xianjia Ning, Junwei Hao, Jinghua Wang
Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is an established predictor of cardiovascular disease and stroke. However, risk factors associated with CIMT remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to identify factors associated with CIMT in a low-income Chinese population. Stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥45 years were recruited. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to measure CIMT. The mean age of participants (n = 3789) was 59.92 years overall, 61.13 years in men, and 59.07 years in women (P < 0...
January 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133420/high-levels-of-hemoglobin-promote-carotid-adventitial-vasa-vasorum-neoangiogenesis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Maria Vittoria Arcidiacono, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Montserrat Belart, Ana Vilar, Marisa Martín, Lourdes Craver, Àngels Betriu, Dídac Mauricio, José Manuel Valdivielso, Elvira Fernández, Mercè Borràs
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, characterized by traditional and nontraditional risk factors, are prone to develop atheromatosis and thus cardiovascular events and mortality. The angiogenesis of the adventitial vasa vasorum (aVV) surrounding the carotid has been described as the atheromatosis initiator. Therefore, the aim of the study was to (1) evaluate if the carotid aVV in CKD patients increases in comparison to its physiological value of healthy patients; (2) explore which traditional or nontraditional risk factor including inflammation, bone and mineral metabolism, and anemia could be related to the aVV angiogenesis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131044/biglycan-expression-earlier-vascular-damage-and-pro-atherogenic-profile-improvement-after-smoke-cessation-in-young-people
#18
Giuseppe Mandraffino, Caterina Oriana Aragona, Michele Scuruchi, Federica Mamone, Angela D'Ascola, Angela Alibrandi, Maurizio Cinquegrani, Carmela Morace, Lilia Oreto, Carlo Saitta, Enricomaria Mormina, Scipione Carerj, Antonino Saitta, Egidio Imbalzano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Young cigarette smokers may already present with early signs of vascular inflammation and damage; biglycan (BGN) has been shown to play a critical role in the initiation and progression of vascular lesions, also in young smokers. We investigated whether after smoke cessation, monocyte BGN expression is reduced; moreover, we evaluated any improvement of pro-atherogenic profile and arterial stiffness (AS), and their relationship with BGN in abstinent smokers. METHODS: Two-hundred-fifty-one young people who had decided to quit smoking were enrolled; of these, 71 had completed the 12-month observation period maintaining smoking abstinence...
January 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129745/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Dongdong Ren, Juan Wang, Hua Li, Yanyan Li, Zhanzhan Li
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed 803 patients with MetS who underwent carotid ultrasonography examination at Henan Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from October 2014 to September 2015. Demographic data were collected using a questionnaire. An automatic biochemistry analyzer measured RDW...
January 28, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128654/burden-of-carotid-artery-atherosclerosis-in-chinese-adults-implications-for-future-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#20
Robert Clarke, Huaidong Du, Om Kurmi, Sarah Parish, Meng Yang, Matthew Arnold, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Liang Wang, Yuexin Chen, Rudy Meijer, Sam Sansome, John McDonnell, Rory Collins, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
Background Population-based studies of ultrasound measures of carotid atherosclerosis are informative about future risks of cardiovascular disease. Design Cross-sectional studies of carotid artery atherosclerosis in 24,822 Chinese adults from the China Kadoorie Biobank and 2579 Europeans from the UK Biobank. Methods Mean intima-media thickness of the common carotid arteries and presence of carotid artery plaque were examined in the China Kadoorie Biobank study. The carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) findings in Chinese (mean age 59 years) were compared with a European population (mean age 62 years)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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