keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CIMT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782650/predicting-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-using-carotid-ultrasound-parameters-a-nomogram-from-a-large-real-world-clinical-data
#1
Na Wu, Xinghua Chen, Mingyang Li, Xiaolong Qu, Yueli Li, Weijia Xie, Long Wu, Ying Xiang, Yafei Li, Li Zhong
BACKGROUND: Carotid ultrasound is a non-invasive tool for risk assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). There is no consensus on which carotid ultrasound parameter constitutes the best measurement of atherosclerosis. We investigated which model of carotid ultrasound parameters and clinical risk factors (CRF) have the highest predictive value for CAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 2431 consecutive patients who have suspected CAD and underwent coronary angiography and carotid ultrasound with measurements of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), total number of plaques and areas of different types of plaques classified by echogenicity...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778925/deep-learning-strategy-for-accurate-carotid-intima-media-thickness-measurement-an-ultrasound-study-on-japanese-diabetic-cohort
#2
Mainak Biswas, Venkatanareshbabu Kuppili, Tadashi Araki, Damodar Reddy Edla, Elisa Cuadrado Godia, Luca Saba, Harman S Suri, Tomaž Omerzu, John R Laird, Narendra N Khanna, Andrew Nicolaides, Jasjit S Suri
MOTIVATION: The carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is an important biomarker for cardiovascular diseases and stroke monitoring. This study presents an intelligence-based, novel, robust, and clinically-strong strategy that uses a combination of deep-learning (DL) and machine-learning (ML) paradigms. METHODOLOGY: A two-stage DL-based system (a class of AtheroEdge™ systems) was proposed for cIMT measurements. Stage I consisted of a convolution layer-based encoder for feature extraction and a fully convolutional network-based decoder for image segmentation...
May 12, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777240/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-women-with-excessive-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-and-in-their-offspring-at-age-5-6-years
#3
Gemma Carreras-Badosa, Cristina Armero-Bujaldón, Laia Solé-Amat, Anna Prats-Puig, Ferran Díaz-Roldán, Pilar Soriano-Rodriguez, Francis de Zegher, Lourdes Ibañez, Judit Bassols, Abel López-Bermejo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). In pregnant women excessive weight gain and 25(OH)D deficiency are common complications and both could have deleterious consequences on their children. We aimed to study the relationship between serum 25(OH)D and CVD risk factors in pregnant women and in their offspring at school age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fasting serum 25(OH)D and its bioavailable fraction were quantified in 310 healthy pregnant women [with adequate (n = 113), insufficient (n = 113) and excessive (n = 84) weight gain]...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774463/early-cardiovascular-manifestations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-study
#4
Vasiliki Karava, Cherine Benzouid, Julien Hogan, Claire Dossier, André Pierre Denjean, Georges Deschênes
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the cardiovascular manifestations in children with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and detect their relation with kidney disease and type of gene mutation. METHODS: Twenty-one patients (7 to 19 years old) were included. Cardiovascular evaluation involved blood pressure (BP), indexed left ventricular mass (LVMI), pulse wave velocity (PWV), and carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) measurement. Patients were classified according to percentile reference values of these parameters in healthy children...
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774373/cardiovascular-system-changes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-continued-low-disease-activity
#5
Małgorzata Biskup, Wojciech Biskup, Maria Majdan, Bożena Targońska-Stępniak
Systemic inflammation and disease activity seem to contribute to excessive prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) diseases (CVDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of the study was to assess chosen CV parameters in RA patients who have continuous low disease activity. The study group consisted of 70 RA patients without known CVD and 33 healthy controls, of a comparable age. All RA patients had continued low disease activity (DAS28 ≤ 3.2) from 2 to 7 years. The groups were assessed for: blood pressure, serum amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), electrocardiography (ECG), ejection fraction (EJ) and diastolic dysfunction (E/A ratio) in echocardiography...
May 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773245/validation-of-an-open-source-tool-for-measuring-carotid-lumen-diameter-and-intima-media-thickness
#6
Hugo Luis Manterola, Lucas Lo Vercio, Alejandro Díaz, Mariana Del Fresno, Ignacio Larrabide
In low- and middle-income regions, a relatively large number of deaths occur from cardiovascular disease or stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid lumen diameter (cLD) are strong indicators of cardiovascular event risk and stenosis severity, respectively. The interactive open-source software described here, Cimtool, is based on active contours for measuring these indicators in clinical practice and thus helping in preventive diagnosis and treatment. Cimtool was validated using carotid phantoms and real images obtained using ultrasound...
May 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771268/hiv-disease-is-associated-with-increased-biomarkers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-despite-viral-suppression-on-long-term-antiretroviral-therapy-in-botswana
#7
Mosepele Mosepele, Terence Mohammed, Lucy Mupfumi, Sikhulile Moyo, Kara Bennett, Shahin Lockman, Linda C Hemphill, Virginia A Triant
BACKGROUND: Untreated HIV infection is associated with increased biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction. However, the predictors and degree of endothelial dysfunction among virally suppressed HIV-infected adults on long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART) have not been well studied in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: We enrolled 112 HIV-infected adults with virological suppression on long-term ART and 84 HIV-uninfected controls in Botswana. We measured plasma levels of markers of endothelial injury [soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and E-selectin] and plasma levels of biomarkers of inflammation [interleukin 6 (IL-6)] and monocyte activation (sCD163)...
May 14, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761548/variation-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-with-body-mass-index-in-healthy-adults-of-black-african-descent
#8
Adesola Abiodun Asaleye, Kolawole Thomas Braimoh, Olalekan Ibukun Oyinloye, Christianah Mopelola Asaleye, Adeleye Dorcas Omisore
OBJECTIVES: Studies have shown that common carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) measured by B-mode sonography increases with body mass index (BMI) among subjects with cardiovascular diseases in different populations. However, association of body fat and subclinical atherosclerosis in the absence of these cardiovascular diseases is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between BMI and CIMT in a healthy adult population of black African ancestry. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional prospective study in 300 consecutive apparently healthy subjects aged 18 to 70 years without history of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and renal disease...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761317/high-sodium-intake-and-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-may-be-linked-to-subsequent-increase-in-vascular-damage-in-adults-aged-40-years-and-older-the-korean-multi-rural-communities-cohort-mrcohort
#9
Sukyoung Jung, Mi Kyung Kim, Jinho Shin, Bo Youl Choi, Young-Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Shin, Min-Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Subclinical vascular damage is a chronic intermediate process in cardiovascular disease (CVD) and high sodium (Na) has been regarded as an adverse factor in subclinical vascular health; however, the longitudinal relationship between Na intake and subclinical vascular damage has not been studied. We aimed to evaluate the longitudinal relationship of dietary Na intake and sodium to potassium ratio (Na:K) with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) in healthy adults aged 40 years and older in Korea...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757588/association-of-regulatory-t-cells-with-diabetes-type-1-and-its-renal-and-vascular-complications-based-on-the-expression-of-forkhead-box-protein-p3-foxp3-helios-and-neurophilin-1
#10
Tahereh Khamechian, Behnaz Irandoust, Hanieh Mohammadi, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari
In recent years, it has been recognized that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in maintaining immune tolerance. Moreover, the expression of two markers named Helios and neurophilin-1 (NRP-1) has been highlighted in such cells. Helios, an intracellular transcription marker, largely differentiates twomost operative sub group of Tregs, namely naturally occurring (nTreg) and induced (iTreg) Tregs, and NRP-1 is reckoned as a membranous activity marker of Tregs. We aimed to count peripheral mononuclear cells expressing such markers in a group of type 1 diabetes patients to elucidate the possible role of Tregs in the pathogenesis of such disease and its complications...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752816/relation-between-age-and-carotid-artery-intima-medial-thickness-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Inge C L van den Munckhof, Helen Jones, Maria T E Hopman, Jacqueline de Graaf, Jean Nyakayiru, Bart van Dijk, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Dick H J Thijssen
Carotid artery intima-medial thickness (cIMT) represents a popular measure of atherosclerosis and is predictive of future cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Although older age is associated with a higher cIMT, little is known about whether this increase in cIMT follows a linear relationship with age or it is affected under influence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) or CVD risk factors. We hypothesize that the relationship between cIMT and age is nonlinear and is affected by CVD or risk factors. A systematic review of studies that examined cIMT in the general population and human populations free from CVD/risk factors was undertaken...
May 12, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751286/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-adults-with-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-70-mg-dl-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-and-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#12
Mahmoud Al Rifai, Seth S Martin, John W McEvoy, Khurram Nasir, Ron Blankstein, Joseph Yeboah, Michael Miedema, Steven J Shea, Joseph F Polak, Pamela Ouyang, Roger S Blumenthal, Marcio Bittencourt, Isabela Bensenor, Raul D Santos, Bruce B Duncan, Itamar S Santos, Paulo A Lotufo, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and correlates of subclinical atherosclerosis when low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels are low remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the association of cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis among individuals with untreated LDL-C <70 mg/dL. METHODS: We included participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) cohorts...
April 28, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749246/helicobacter-pylori-can-be-related-to-carotid-intima-media-thickness-epicardial-adipose-tissue-thickness-and-serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-levels
#13
Z Karadag, T Sehitoglu, M C Cure, H Rakici, M A Ayvaz, R Bedir, B Kizilkaya, O Z Şahin, E Cure
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) affects the cardiovascular system. Our aim in this study was to evaluate, whether an infection with HP causes subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: We included 90 patients with dyspeptic symptoms in this study. The patients underwent an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsies were taken. The patients were grouped according to histopathologic examination, as HP infection negative (n = 21), HP infection positive (+) (n = 23), HP infection (++) (n = 22), HP infection (+++), (n = 24)...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745457/subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-starting-contemporary-protease-inhibitors
#14
A González-Cordón, M Doménech, M Camafort, M Martínez-Rebollar, B Torres, M Laguno, J Rojas, M Loncà, J L Blanco, J Mallolas, J M Gatell, E de Lazzari, E Martínez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess changes in and factors associated with anatomical [carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT)] and functional (arterial stiffness) markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease progression in antiretroviral-naïve patients starting triple combination antiretroviral therapy containing contemporary protease inhibitors. METHODS: This was a planned substudy of the ATADAR (Metabolic Effects of Atazanavir/Ritonavir Versus Darunavir/Ritonavir in Combination With Tenofovir/Emtricitabine in naïve HIV-1 Infected Patients) clinical trial (ClinicalTrials...
May 10, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739796/prevalence-of-carotid-plaque-in-a-63-to-65-year-old-norwegian-cohort-from-the-general-population-the-ace-akershus-cardiac-examination-1950-study
#15
Håkon Ihle-Hansen, Thea Vigen, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Ole Morten Rønning, Trygve Berge, Bente Thommessen, Magnus Nakrem Lyngbakken, Eivind Bjørkan Orstad, Steve Enger, Ståle Nygård, Helge Røsjø, Arnljot Tveit
BACKGROUND: New data on extracranial carotid atherosclerosis are needed, as improved ultrasound techniques may detect more atherosclerosis, the definition of plaque has changed over the years, and better cardiovascular risk control in the population may have changed patterns of carotid arterial wall disease and actual prevalence of established cardiovascular disease. We investigated the prevalence of atherosclerotic carotid plaques and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and their relation to cardiovascular risk factors in a middle-aged cohort from the general population...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732047/rehabilitation-of-upper-limb-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-preliminary-comparative-study
#16
Elena Beretta, Ambra Cesareo, Emilia Biffi, Carolyn Schafer, Sara Galbiati, Sandra Strazzer
Acquired brain injuries (ABIs) can lead to a wide range of impairments, including weakness or paralysis on one side of the body known as hemiplegia. In hemiplegic patients, the rehabilitation of the upper limb skills is crucial, because the recovery has an immediate impact on patient quality of life. For this reason, several treatments were developed to flank physical therapy (PT) and improve functional recovery of the upper limbs. Among them, Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) and robot-aided therapy have shown interesting potentialities in the rehabilitation of the hemiplegic upper limb...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731925/serum-apelin-a-new-marker-of-early-atherosclerosis-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Rania N Sabry, Maged A El Wakeel, Ghada M El-Kassas, Ahmed F Amer, Wael H El Batal, Salwa Refat El-Zayat, Mohamed Abou-El-Asrar
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in children that may be complicated by micro or macrovascular complications. Measurement of the carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) allows the early detection of atherosclerotic alterations of blood vessels that may complicate T1DM. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study is a case-control study. Participants were classified into two groups. The first group included 40 children with T1DM and the second group included 30 matched healthy controls...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724162/hepatocyte-growth-factor-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-relation-to-circulating-cd34-positive-cell-levels
#18
Yuji Shimizu, Shimpei Sato, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Mako Nagayoshi, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Keita Inoue, Shoichi Fukui, Hideaki Kondo, Seiko Nakamichi, Yasuhiro Nagata, Takahiro Maeda
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) may act as a possible biochemical index for vascular damage, although evidence for the association between HGF and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is limited. Since both HGF and circulating CD34-positive cells play an important role in endothelial repair, circulating CD34-positive cell levels may influence the association between HGF and CIMT. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 269 elderly Japanese men aged 60-69 years who had undertaken an annual medical checkup from 2014 to 2015...
May 3, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713306/association-between-carotid-artery-function-and-structure-in-the-northern-manhattan-study
#19
David Della-Morte, Hannah Gardener, Chuanhui Dong, Matthew Markert, Digna Cabral, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ralph L Sacco, Tatjana Rundek
Background and purpose: Carotid plaque (CP), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and stiffness (STIFF) are pre-clinical markers of atherosclerosis and predictors of cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We sought to investigate whether STIFF is a significant determinant of cIMT and CP, which may provide an insight into the mechanism by which STIFF adds to the risk of CVD. Methods: We analyzed 876 stroke-free subjects from the Northern Manhattan Study with available ultrasound measures...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712560/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-responses-to-a-type-2-diabetes-care-model-including-nutritional-ketosis-induced-by-sustained-carbohydrate-restriction-at-1-year-an-open-label-non-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Nasir H Bhanpuri, Sarah J Hallberg, Paul T Williams, Amy L McKenzie, Kevin D Ballard, Wayne W Campbell, James P McCarter, Stephen D Phinney, Jeff S Volek
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). We recently reported that glycemic control in patients with T2D can be significantly improved through a continuous care intervention (CCI) including nutritional ketosis. The purpose of this study was to examine CVD risk factors in this cohort. METHODS: We investigated CVD risk factors in patients with T2D who participated in a 1 year open label, non-randomized, controlled study...
May 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
keyword
keyword
71384
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"