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Florina Ruta, Calin Avram, Septimiu Voidăzan, Claudiu Mărginean, Vladimir Bacârea, Zoltán Ábrám, Kristie Foley, Andrea Fogarasi-Grenczer, Melinda Pénzes, Monica Tarcea
AIM: Smoking before, during and after pregnancy leads to detrimental outcomes on maternal and foetal health and represents an important public health issue. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of smoking before and during pregnancy in a sample of Romanian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among mothers (N=1,278) in three maternity hospitals in Tirgu-Mures, Romania, immediately after childbirth, in 2014. We evaluated the prevsalence of smoking before and during pregnancy and used binary logistic regression to assess the influence of socio-demographics and other health behaviour factors in three groups of women: non-smoking pregnant women, women who continued smoking during pregnancy, and smokers who quit during pregnancy...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Aykan Yucel, Cem Yasar Sanhal, Korkut Daglar, Ozgur Kara, Dilek Uygur, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of oxidative stress (OS) in pregnant women with Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) in the first trimester by evaluating thiol/disulphide homeostasis. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 31 pregnant women with a diagnosis of FMF, between 11(0) and 13(6) weeks of gestation, were compared with 51 healthy pregnant controls at the same gestational weeks. A recently defined method was used to measure plasma native thiol, total thiol and disulphide levels...
November 2016: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Kun Ma, Min Li
High quality of fertility and pregancy is a specific presentation of family planning in this new historic environment. Our country adopted two-child policy from November, 2013. This symbolized an adjustive stage of reproduction policy in 21st century. It is a major adjustment in the development of national population. As a contry of tremendous population, it is very important to have a high- quality fertility and pregancy for the future of the whole nation, which would improve population quality and restrict development of population...
October 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Jane Alsweiler, Tineke J Crawford, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has major short- and long-term implications for both the mother and her baby. GDM is defined as a carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycaemia or any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy from 24 weeks' gestation onwards and which resolves following the birth of the baby. Rates for GDM can be as high as 25% depending on the population and diagnostic criteria used and rates are increasing globally...
April 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Imogen Jackson
Exercise during pregnancy has physical benefits for mother and fetus; however there has been little research into potential emotional benefits. At least 10-15 per cent of mothers suffer from ante- and postnatal depression, which can lead to extreme adverse consequences. This has been linked to self esteem, body image and isolation, amongst other factors. Belly dance has been shown to increase self esteem and body image and to provide a sense of community in non-pregnant women. This study uses phenomenology to explore how pregnant women experience belly dance using semi-structured interviews with two mothers...
May 2015: Practising Midwife
Jigal Haas, Daniel Lantsberg, Noa Feldman, Daphna Manela, Ronit Machtinger, Shir Dar, Jaron Rabinovici, Raoul Orvieto
With the recent trend toward single embryo transfer (ET), cryopreservation of extraneous embryos is becoming increasingly prevalent. Several replacement protocols for frozen-thawed ET (FET) exist, with no advantage of one protocol over the others. All consecutive patients undergoing natural cycle Day-3 FET cycles between May 2012 and March 2015 in our IVF unit were evaluated. While following spontaneous ovulation, all patients received progesterone luteal support. Since June 2014, patients underwent the same aforementioned natural cycle FET cycles, with two additional injections, one of recombinant hCG (250 mcg) and the other of GnRH-agonist (triptorelin 0...
2015: Gynecological Endocrinology
B Coutanceau, J Boujenah, C Poncelet
We report the case of a patient who developed gonococcal chorioamnionitis resulting in stillbirth at 28 + 4 weeks of pregancy. As this infection is rare and potentially serious, questions remain regarding occurrence and screening for Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection.
2015: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
L I Iezzoni, Y Chen, A B J McLain
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of pregnancy and associations with sociodemographic and clinical factors among women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: US National Spinal Cord Injury Database, an SCI registry that interviews participants 1, 5 and then every 5 years post injury. Data include SCI clinical details, functional impairments, participation measures, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
November 2015: Spinal Cord
Hyewon Park, Chang-Myung Oh, Junbeom Park, Hyelim Park, Shanyu Cui, Hyung Suk Kim, Jun Namkung, Sang-kyu Park, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Hail Kim, Boyoung Joung
BACKGROUND: The serotonin receptor type 3 (Htr3) blocker is associated with QT prolongation and torsades de pointes. However, little is known about effects of Htr3 on the heart arrhythmia. METHODS AND RESULTS: An electrophysiological study Involving knock-out (KO) female mice lacking functional Htr3a (Htr3a(-/-)) and their wild-type littermates during non-pregancy (NP) and late pregnancy (LP) was performed. Htr3a mRNA was present in the wild-type, but not in the Htr3a(-/-)mouse hearts...
2015: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
P Rijal
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor is one of the most common procedures in obstetrics. Induction has been found to both increase and decrease the risk of cesarean delivery. Various studies have found different factors in different studies. The purpose of this study is to increase our knowledge of factors that increase risk of cesarean delivery when labour is induced at term. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted from June 2006-July 2007 at an obstetric unit of Eastern Nepal...
May 2014: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
V Karamisheva, S Ivanov, D Jordanova, B Marinov, G Dimitrov, A Nachev
AIM: The aim of the study is to establish the safety and efficacy of calcium channel blocker- Nifedipin as tocolytic agents. A wide range of tocolytics have been utilized for the management of preterm labor Calcium channel blockers, namely nifedipine, gained popularity as tocolytics due to the oral route of administration, availability of immediate- and slow-release preparations, the low incidence of maternal adverse effects associated with their use, and the fact that they are inexpensive...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Thomas Skjothaug, Lars Smith, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Vibeke Moe
There is a growing knowledge of the predictors of depressive or anxious feelings during pregnancy among prospective fathers, and the present study investigates how paternal adverse childhood experiences relate to anxious and depressive feelings during pregnancy. Participants were recruited to "The Little in Norway Study (LIN-study)" (2010) at different well-baby clinics in Norway; 976 fathers consented to participate in the study, of which 881 had valid data for adverse childhood experiences. The study reports on the relationship between the Adverse Childhood Experience Scale (ACE Scale; R...
January 2015: Infant Mental Health Journal
Skye McPhie, Helen Skouteris, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Briony Hill, Felice Jacka, Adrienne O'Neil
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the prospective relationships between mental health symptoms (depressive and anxiety symptoms) and body mass index (BMI) in women with and without excessive weight gain during pregnancy. The secondary aim was to examine whether mental health symptoms and BMI were predictive of one another. Two models were tested: the first depicted depressive or anxiety symptoms predicting BMI, and the second model depicted BMI predicting depressive or anxiety symptoms...
January 2015: Midwifery
Funda Yildiz, Nuray Bozkurt, Ahmet Erdem, Mehmet Erdem, Mesut Oktem, Recep Onur Karabacak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between marital violence and distress level among women with a diagnosis of infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, a total of 180 patients were included in the study. Amongst these, pertubation of the uterine cavity was carried out in 79 patients prior to insemination. One patient in the pertubation group was later excluded because insemination could not be performed due to cycle cancellation...
April 2014: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Karina Kirisits, Sylvia Kirchengast
Teenage pregnancies are still listed among the most important public health problems of the 21st century, although low maternal age may be a marker for social rather than biological or medical disadvantage. In the present study 51 pregnant Austrian girls ageing between 13 and 18 years (x = 16.3 yrs; +/- 1.3) who decided to give birth were enrolled. All girls were interviewed based on a structured questionnaire furthermore data from the mother-child pass port were included in the analysis. 28 girls gave birth shortly before the interview took place...
2013: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Aurélie Ambrosi, Sven-Erik Sonesson, Marie Wahren-Herlenius
Autoantibody-associated congenital heart block (CHB) is a passively acquired autoimmune condition associated with maternal anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and primarily affecting electric signal conduction at the atrioventricular node in the fetal heart. CHB occurs in 1-2% of anti-Ro/SSA antibody-positive pregancies and has a recurrence rate of 12-20% in a subsequent pregnancy. Despite the long-recognized association between maternal anti-Ro/SSA autoantibodies and CHB, the molecular mechanisms underlying CHB pathogenesis are not fully understood, but several targets for the maternal autoantibodies in the fetal heart have been suggested...
July 1, 2014: Experimental Cell Research
A Bonnet, Y Chevalier, G Wallon, C Huissoud, F Aubrun
Women who are carriers for hemophilia are usually considered as safe carriers. However, they can present hemorragic symptoms associated with low factor VIII or IX levels. During pregancy, factor VIII increases whereas factor IX does not. The peripartum period is at risk of increased bleeding in these women. Here are presented reports of clinical data concerning two hemophilia carriers with low factor VIII or IX (30-40%) during the peripartum period. They received remifentanil and ketamine for labor pain management because of contraindication of epidural and spinal analgesia...
November 2013: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
József Gábor Joó, Ákos Csaba, Zsanett Szigeti, János Rigó
Cases of spina bifida alone and in association with ventriculomegaly represent important but different malformations according to clinical characteristics. In our study, we analyzed the data on pregancies terminated because of isolated cases (n=307) and ventriculomegaly-associated cases (n=372) of spina bifida. In spina bifida cases in association with hydrocephalus, positive obstetric history was found approximately 1.5 times more frequently than in the isolated ones. The incidence of positive genetic history was nearly two-fold in the latter cases...
July 2013: Pathology, Research and Practice
Stefania De Feo, Attilio Iacovoni, Pompilio Faggiano
Heart diseases are the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The number of patients with congenital heart diseases reaching childbearing age, as well as the proportion of women with acquired conditions, such as ischemic heart disease, becoming pregnant is constantly increasing. All women with known heart disease should have pre-pregnancy counseling, to assess maternal and fetal risk. Women at moderate or high risk should be under the care of a specialist prenatal team with experience in managing women with heart disease during pregnancy...
May 2012: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Lu Zhang, Li Ma, Bing Lin, Dong-hai Wu, Guo-chun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in pregnant patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Twenty-four pregnant patients with SLE treated with HCQ during pregnancy from May, 2006 to February, 2011 were studied retrospectively. All babies were followed up during early infancy for growth development. RESULTS: Of them, 22 patients were treated with HCQ throughout the whole pregnancy with no lupus flare occurred in 21 patients (95...
November 2011: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
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