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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227723/balance-quality-assessment-as-an-early-indicator-of-physical-frailty-in-older-people
#1
Aly Chkeir, Doha Safieddine, D Bera, M Collart, J L Novella, M Drame, David J Hewson, Jacques Duchene, Aly Chkeir, Doha Safieddine, D Bera, M Collart, J L Novella, M Drame, David J Hewson, Jacques Duchene, J L Novella, David J Hewson, Jacques Duchene, M Collart, Aly Chkeir, D Bera, M Drame, Doha Safieddine
Frailty is an increasingly common geriatric condition that results in an increased risk of adverse health outcomes such as falls. The most widely-used means of detecting frailty is the Fried phenotype, which includes several objective measures such as grip strength and gait velocity. One method of screening for falls is to measure balance, which can be done by a range of techniques including the assessment of the Centre of Pressure (CoP) during a balance assessment. The Balance Quality Tester (BQT) is a device based on a commercial bathroom scale that can evaluate balance quality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227704/comparing-glucose-and-insulin-data-from-the-two-hour-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-in-metabolic-syndrome-subjects-and-marathon-runners
#2
Miguel Altuve, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn, Sara Wong, Miguel Altuve, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn, Sara Wong, Sara Wong, Gilberto Perpinan, Erika Severeyn
Glucose is the main energy source of the body's cells and is essential for normal metabolism. Two pancreatic hormones, insulin and glucagon, are involved in glucose home-ostasis. Alteration in the plasma glucose and insulin concentrations could lead to distinct symptoms and diseases, ranging from mental function impairment to coma and even death. Type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome are typical examples of abnormal glucose metabolism that increase the risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227678/illumination-and-device-independence-for-colorimetric-detection-of-urinary-biomarkers-with-smartphone
#3
Haakon Karisen, Tao Dong, Haakon Karisen, Tao Dong, Tao Dong
Diaper wearing elderly with functional impairments and/or incontinence is at high risk of contracting urinary tract infections. Nurses struggle with collection of urine samples for analysis. Therefore, a smartphone application is under development as a rapid screening device to work in conjunction with a colorimetric diaper assay that collects and tests urine within a diaper. The focus of this work is to make a practical and useful tool that medical personnel (the user) can use for rapid screening on patients in the field, only with a smartphone and assay available...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227382/a-new-approach-for-the-detection-of-architectural-distortions-using-textural-analysis-of-surrounding-tissue
#4
Imad Zyout, Roberto Togneri, Imad Zyout, Roberto Togneri, Roberto Togneri, Imad Zyout
Aiming at improving the performance of computer-aided detection of architectural distortion (AD) in mammograms, this paper investigates whether textural patterns of AD surrounding tissue (ST) have the potential to detect AD signatures. More specifically, for characterizing the presence of AD; we investigated the application of textural analysis for discriminating between AD surrounding tissue and normal breast parenchyma. We evaluated the underlying hypothesis using a dataset of 2544 regions of interest (ROI) obtained from the Digital Database for Screening Mammography (DDSM)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227283/a-method-to-detect-tortuosity-of-vessel-using-non-imaging-ultrasound-approach-in-carotid-structure
#5
Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
Stroke is a leading cause of functional impairments. The typical screening mechanism is to measure localized Peak Systolic Velocity (PSV) and diagnose impending risk associated with stoke by characterizing the PSV values. However, an accurate measurement of PSV using Doppler ultrasound is affected due to the tortuous nature of carotid artery in elder population group as the angle at which acoustic beam strikes the vessel is over or under estimated resulting in improper measure the blood flow velocity. Hence, the proposed approach estimates the degree of tortuosity of the carotid vessel and includes this as calibration parameter to compute an accurate PSV...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226985/the-letter-and-shape-drawing-lsd-test-an-efficient-and-systematised-approach-to-testing-of-visuospatial-function
#6
Michael Tenorio, Olugbenga A Williams, Maeve Leonard, Debbie White, Frank McKenna, Colum P Dunne, David Meagher, Chris Exton, Michael Tenorio, Olugbenga A Williams, Maeve Leonard, Debbie White, Frank McKenna, Colum P Dunne, David Meagher, Chris Exton, Debbie White, Olugbenga A Williams, Colum P Dunne, David Meagher, Michael Tenorio, Frank McKenna, Chris Exton, Maeve Leonard
The automation and systemisation of the next generation of cognitive assessment approaches have the potential to change how clinicians assess and interact with patients. This may be especially pertinent in the case of delirium, as current methods often rely on the subjective opinion of clinicians and specialists, with potential for the condition to be overlooked or misdiagnosed. Currently, one of the most commonly used tests, is the clock-drawing test, which has relatively wide appeal as a cognitive screening instrument due to its clinical utility and psychometric properties...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226684/simplified-computer-aided-detection-scheme-of-microcalcification-clusters-in-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-images
#7
Ji-Wook Jeong, Seung-Hoon Chae, Eun Young Chae, Hak Hee Kim, Young Wook Choi, Sooyeul Lee, Ji-Wook Jeong, Seung-Hoon Chae, Eun Young Chae, Hak Hee Kim, Young Wook Choi, Sooyeul Lee, Sooyeul Lee, Ji-Wook Jeong, Hak Hee Kim, Eun Young Chae, Young Wook Choi, Seung-Hoon Chae
A computer-aided detection (CADe) algorithm for clustered microcalcifications (MCs) in reconstructed digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images is suggested. The MC-like objects were enhanced by a Hessian-based 3D calcification response function, and a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) enhanced image was also generated to screen the MC clustering seed objects. A connected component segmentation method was used to detect the cluster seed objects, which were considered as potential clustering centers of MCs. Bounding cubes for the accepted clustering seed candidate were generated and the overlapping cubes were combined and examined...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#8
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226300/from-periodontal-mechanoreceptors-to-chewing-motor-control-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Maria Grazia Piancino, Gaetano Isola, Rosangela Cannavale, Giuseppina Cutroneo, Giovanna Vermiglio, Pietro Bracco, Giuseppe Pio Anastasi
PURPOSE: This critical review summarizes the current knowledge of the structural and functional characteristics of periodontal mechanoreceptors, and understands their role in the signal pathways and functional motor control. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Original articles were searched through Pubmed, Cochrane Central database and Embase until january 2016. RESULT: 1466 articles were identified through database searching and screened by reviewing the abstracts...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225378/traumatic-ventricular-septal-defect-in-a-1-year-old-boy-after-accidental-chest-compression-by-an-adult
#10
Huang-Wei Wu, Jen-Hung Chien, Ken-Pen Weng, Chu-Chuan Lin, Bo-Hau Chen, Shih-Ming Huang, Yu-Chi Hung
We report a 1-year-old boy with a delayed diagnosis of traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) related to chest compression. His cardiac function was stable after adequate medical treatment. Spontaneous closure of traumatic VSD occurred to this patient at the age of 4 years. This is a rare case of traumatic VSD associated with accidental chest compression, which is similar to rupture of the ventricular septum after blunt chest trauma. It should be kept in mind that traumatic VSD and concomitant thoracic injuries can develop during chest compression...
February 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225198/adjunctive-steroid-therapy-versus-antibiotics-alone-for-acute-endophthalmitis-after-intraocular-procedure
#11
REVIEW
Carole H Kim, Monica F Chen, Anne L Coleman
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis refers to severe infection within the eye that involves the aqueous humor or vitreous humor, or both, and threatens vision. Most cases of endophthalmitis are exogenous (i.e. due to inoculation of organisms from an outside source), and most exogenous endophthalmitis is acute and occurs after an intraocular procedure. The mainstay of treatment is emergent administration of broad-spectrum intravitreous antibiotics. Due to their anti-inflammatory effects, steroids in conjunction with antibiotics have been proposed to be beneficial in endophthalmitis management...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225197/prediction-on-dielectric-strength-and-boiling-point-of-gaseous-molecules-for-replacement-of-sf6
#12
Xiaojuan Yu, Hua Hou, Baoshan Wang
Developing the environment-friendly insulation gases to replace sulfur hexafluoride (SF6 ) has attracted considerable experimental and theoretical attentions but without success. A computational methodology was presented herein for prediction on dielectric strength and boiling point of arbitrary gaseous molecules in the purpose of molecular design and screening. New structure-activity relationship (SAR) models have been established by combining the density-dependent properties of the electrostatic potential surface, including surface area and the statistical variance of the surface potentials, with the molecular properties including polarizability, electronegativity, and hardness...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225156/presurgical-language-localization-with-visual-naming-associated-ecog-high-gamma-modulation-in-pediatric-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#13
Ravindra Arya, J Adam Wilson, Hisako Fujiwara, Leonid Rozhkov, James L Leach, Anna W Byars, Hansel M Greiner, Jennifer Vannest, Jason Buroker, Griffin Milsap, Brian Ervin, Ali Minai, Paul S Horn, Katherine D Holland, Francesco T Mangano, Nathan E Crone, Douglas F Rose
OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared presurgical language localization with visual naming-associated high-γ modulation (HGM) and conventional electrical cortical stimulation (ECS) in children with intracranial electrodes. METHODS: Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy who were undergoing intracranial monitoring were included if able to name pictures. Electrocorticography (ECoG) signals were recorded during picture naming (overt and covert) and quiet baseline...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225030/chemometric-assisted-quechers-extraction-method-for-post-harvest-pesticide-determination-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#14
Minmin Li, Chao Dai, Fengzhong Wang, Zhiqiang Kong, Yan He, Ya Tao Huang, Bei Fan
An effective analysis method was developed based on a chemometric tool for the simultaneous quantification of five different post-harvest pesticides (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), carbendazim, thiabendazole, iprodione, and prochloraz) in fruits and vegetables. In the modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) method, the factors and responses for optimization of the extraction and cleanup analyses were compared using the Plackett-Burman (P-B) screening design. Furthermore, the significant factors (toluene percentage, hydrochloric acid (HCl) percentage, and graphitized carbon black (GCB) amount) were optimized using a central composite design (CCD) combined with Derringer's desirability function (DF)...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224770/performance-of-an-automated-fluorescence-antinuclear-antibody-image-analyzer
#15
In Young Yoo, Jong Won Oh, Hoon Suk Cha, Eun Mi Koh, Eun Suk Kang
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for antinuclear antibody (ANA) screening is the indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assay with human epithelial cells (HEp-2). However, a number of substantial disadvantages of manual IIF assays have highlighted the need for the automation and standardization of fluorescent ANA (FANA) testing. We evaluated the performance of EUROPattern Suite (Euroimmun AG, Germany), an automated FANA image analyzer, with regard to ANA detection and pattern recognition compared with conventional manual interpretation using the fluorescence microscopic IIF assay...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224643/endophytic-phomopsis-sp-colonization-in-oryza-sativa-was-found-to-result-in-plant-growth-promotion-and-piperine-production
#16
Chithra S, Jasim B, Jyothis Mathew, Radhakrishnan E K
Endophytic fungi have been reported to have the acquired ability to synthesize host plant specific medicinal natural products. Many fungi with such properties have been characterized and optimized for the conditions which favor maximal production of desired products. However, the inherent plant colonization property of promising endophytic fungi is least studied. Exploiting the transgenome functioning of these fungi have immense applications to add beneficial features to non-host plants. In the present study, endophytic fungus Phomopsis sp...
February 22, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224630/the-current-status-of-human-laryngeal-transplantation-in-2017-a-state-of-the-field-review
#17
REVIEW
Giri Krishnan, Charles Du, Jonathan M Fishman, Andrew Foreman, David G Lott, Gregory Farwell, Peter Belafsky, Suren Krishnan, Martin A Birchall
OBJECTIVES: Human laryngeal allotransplantation has long been contemplated as a surgical option following laryngectomy, but there is a paucity of information regarding the indications, surgical procedure, and patient outcomes. Our objectives were to identify all human laryngeal allotransplants that have been undertaken and reported in the English literature and to evaluate the success of the procedure. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and Scopus, and the Gray literature...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224622/slc2a3-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-duplication-influence-cognitive-processing-and-population-specific-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Sören Merker, Andreas Reif, Georg C Ziegler, Heike Weber, Ute Mayer, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Annette Conzelmann, Stefan Johansson, Clemens Müller-Reible, Indrajit Nanda, Thomas Haaf, Reinhard Ullmann, Marcel Romanos, Andreas J Fallgatter, Paul Pauli, Tatyana Strekalova, Charline Jansch, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan Haavik, Marta Ribasés, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Jan K Buitelaar, Barbara Franke, Klaus-Peter Lesch
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with profound cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial impairments with persistence across the life cycle. Our initial genome-wide screening approach for copy number variants (CNVs) in ADHD implicated a duplication of SLC2A3, encoding glucose transporter-3 (GLUT3). GLUT3 plays a critical role in cerebral glucose metabolism, providing energy for the activity of neurons, which, in turn, moderates the excitatory-inhibitory balance impacting both brain development and activity-dependent neural plasticity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224328/the-parkinson-s-disease-cognitive-rating-scale-pd-crs-normative-values-from-268-healthy-italian-individuals
#19
Gabriella Santangelo, Giovanna Lagravinese, Valeria Battini, Carlo Chiorri, Mattia Siciliano, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carmine Vitale, Paolo Barone
The Parkinson's Disease-Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS) is a cognitive screening battery that includes subtests to assess cortical and subcortical functions. It is a valid screening tool for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and is recommended for diagnosing PD-MCI-Level I. Until now, no study has provided population-based norms for the Italian population. The aim of the present study was to collect normative values in a sample of Italian healthy subjects. Two hundred and sixty-eight (125 men) participants of different ages (age range 30-79 years) and educational levels (from primary school to university) underwent the PD-CRS...
February 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223808/n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-antibody-could-be-a-cause-of-catatonic-symptoms-in-psychiatric-patients-case-reports-and-methods-for-detection
#20
Ko Tsutsui, Takashi Kanbayashi, Manabu Takaki, Yuki Omori, Yumiko Imai, Seiji Nishino, Keiko Tanaka, Tetsuo Shimizu
The symptoms of catatonia have been reported to be similar to the initial symptoms of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. Subsequently, this autoimmune limbic encephalitis has been noticed by many psychiatrists. For a differential diagnosis of catatonic state, it is important to detect anti-NMDAR encephalitis. This encephalitis is expected to be in remission by early detection and treatment. We should be more cautious about catatonic symptoms of schizophrenia. When a patient is suspected of having encephalitis, we should screen for anti-NMDAR antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid samples using a cell-based assay...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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