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Dystonia and psychiatric morbidity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321988/psychiatric-co-morbidity-is-highly-prevalent-in-idiopathic-cervical-dystonia-and-significantly-influences-health-related-quality-of-life-results-of-a-controlled-study
#1
M Smit, A Kuiper, V Han, V C R Jiawan, G Douma, B van Harten, J M T H Oen, M E Pouwels, H J G Dieks, A L Bartels, M A Tijssen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and factors influencing health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in cervical dystonia (CD) patients, in the context of objective dystonia motor severity. METHODS: We studied 50 CD patients and 50 matched healthy controls. Psychiatric assessment included the MINI-PLUS interview and quantitative questionnaires. Dystonia motor severity (based on video evaluation), pain and disability were determined with the TWSTRS rating scale...
September 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284637/treatment-of-agitation-in-the-acute-psychiatric-setting-an-observational-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-intramuscular-psychotropic-medication
#2
Jeanett Østerby Bauer, Dina Stenborg, Tue Lodahl, Mik Mathias Mønsted
BACKGROUND: Agitation is frequent in the acute psychiatric setting. The observation and treatment of agitation is important to avoid harm to patients or staff, to reduce distress of the patient, and to reduce the risk of coercion, especially physical restraint. AIM: To evaluate the effect of intramuscular treatment with psychotropics on agitation in a non-selected acute psychiatric population. METHODS: The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale Excitement Component (PANSS-EC) was implemented in the acute psychiatric ward at Psychiatric Center Copenhagen to improve assessment and treatment of agitation...
November 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073048/serotonergic-perturbations-in-dystonia-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
M Smit, A L Bartels, M van Faassen, A Kuiper, K E Niezen-Koning, I P Kema, R A Dierckx, T J de Koning, M A Tijssen
Dystonia is a hyperkinetic movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions. Emerging data describe high prevalences of non-motor symptoms, including psychiatric co-morbidity, as part of the phenotype of dystonia. Basal ganglia serotonin and serotonin-dopamine interactions gain attention, as imbalances are known to be involved in extrapyramidal movement and psychiatric disorders. We systematically reviewed the literature for human and animal studies relating to serotonin and its role in dystonia...
June 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26156506/long-term-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-after-pallidal-stimulation-in-primary-and-secondary-dystonia
#4
Sara Meoni, Mateusz Zurowski, Andres M Lozano, Mojgan Hodaie, Yu-Yan Poon, Melanie Fallis, Valerie Voon, Elena Moro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in the diagnosis of Axis I psychiatric disorders in patients with primary and secondary dystonia after deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi). METHODS: Structured Clinical Interviews for the DSM-IV, Axis I psychiatric disorders, were prospectively performed before and after surgery. Diagnoses were made based on DSM-IV criteria. Psychiatric disorders were grouped into 5 categories: mood, anxiety, addiction, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and psychosis...
August 4, 2015: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23474191/functional-mri-study-of-response-inhibition-in-myoclonus-dystonia
#5
Sandra M A van der Salm, Johan N van der Meer, Aart J Nederveen, Dick J Veltman, Anne-Fleur van Rootselaar, Marina A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Myoclonus-dystonia (MD) is a movement disorder characterized by myoclonic jerks, dystonic postures and psychiatric co-morbidity. A mutation in the DYT11 gene underlies half of MD cases. We hypothesize that MD results from a dysfunctional basal ganglia network causing insufficient inhibitory motor control. To test this hypothesis functional MRI (fMRI) was performed using a validated "Go/No go" task, in order to localize blood-oxygen-level dependence (BOLD) effects corresponding to Response Inhibition (RI)...
September 2013: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22933743/psychiatric-disorders-in-rapid-onset-dystonia-parkinsonism
#6
Allison Brashear, Jared F Cook, Deborah F Hill, Alethea Amponsah, Beverly M Snively, Laney Light, Niki Boggs, Cynthia K Suerken, Mark Stacy, Laurie Ozelius, Kathleen J Sweadner, W Vaughn McCall
OBJECTIVE: Rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP) is caused by a variety of missense mutations in the ATP1A3 gene. Psychiatric comorbidity has been reported, although systematic examination of psychiatric disease in individuals with RDP is lacking. This study examines psychiatric morbidity for 23 patients with RDP in 10 families with family member control subjects and in 3 unrelated patients with RDP, totaling 56 individuals. METHODS: Twenty-nine ATP1A3 mutation-positive individuals were examined; 26 exhibited motor symptoms (motor manifesting carrier [MMC]) and 3 did not (nonmotor manifesting carriers [NMC])...
September 11, 2012: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22828866/pediatric-indications-for-deep-brain-stimulation
#7
REVIEW
Matthew F DiFrancesco, Casey H Halpern, Howard H Hurtig, Gordon H Baltuch, Gregory G Heuer
PURPOSE: Based on the success of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of adult disorders, it is reasonable to assume that the application of DBS in the pediatric population is an emerging area worthy of study. The purpose of this paper is to outline the current movement disorder indications for DBS in the pediatric population, and to describe areas of investigation, including possible medically refractory psychiatric indications. METHODS: We performed a structured review of the English language literature from 1990 to 2011 related to studies of DBS in pediatrics using Medline and PubMed search results...
October 2012: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22261259/-diagnosis-and-care-of-wilson-disease-with-neurological-revelation
#8
S Wagner, A-S Brunet, M Bost, A Lachaux, E Broussolle, V Des Portes, L Lion-François
Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive disease that produces a copper accumulation in many organs, initially in the liver, progressing to liver cirrhosis, and in the brain, with different neurologic symptoms. Diagnosis is based on clinical, biochemical, and genetic tests. Different treatments based on chelating agents may help reduce the disease's spontaneous morbidity and mortality. We describe three patients who presented Wilson disease before 18 years of age, with initial neurologic symptoms between 1998 and 2010...
March 2012: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21692114/neuropsychological-neuropsychiatric-and-quality-of-life-issues-in-dbs-for-dystonia
#9
REVIEW
Marjan Jahanshahi, Virginie Czernecki, And Mateusz Zurowski
We review the impact of dystonia and its surgical treatment with deep brain stimulation (DBS) on cognitive function, psychiatric morbidity, and health-related quality of life. The current evidence suggests that globus pallidus internus (GPi) DBS does not cause cognitive decline in primary dystonia. However, we recommend general preoperative screening of cognition in patients with dystonia to evaluate baseline cognitive status and monitor for possible postoperative changes. Patients with mild to moderate depression appear to do well postoperatively; however, there are scant data about those with severe depression...
June 2011: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21122978/cross-cultural-influences-on-psychogenic-movement-disorders-a-comparative-review-with-a-brazilian-series-of-83-cases
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Renato P Munhoz, Jorge A Zavala, Nilson Becker, Hélio A G Teive
OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile and presentation of a Brazilian series of psychogenic movement disorders (PMD) patients and to perform a comparative analysis with the previous series published worldwide. METHODS: A total of 83 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PMD were included. All patients were assessed and followed at the Movement Disorders Outpatient clinic from 2000 to 2008. Demographic, clinical, paraclinical, and treatment outcome data were collected using a standardized protocol...
February 2011: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19381771/subthalamic-nucleus-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Roberto Marconi, Andrea Landi, Franco Valzania
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease (PD), with significant advantages in morbidity-mortality and quality of life when compared to lesion techniques such as thalamotomy and/or pallidotomy. The procedure is indicated in patients with severe resting tremor, unresponsive to conventional medical treatment or with motor complications. The most commonly reported complications in the intra- and post-surgical period are aborted procedure, misplaced leads, intracranial haemorrhage, seizures and hardware complications, whereas in the long-term period, cognitive and psychiatric complications can be observed...
December 2008: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19059613/huntington-disease-in-subjects-from-an-israeli-karaite-community-carrying-alleles-of-intermediate-and-expanded-cag-repeats-in-the-htt-gene-huntington-disease-or-phenocopy
#12
Yuval O Herishanu, Ruti Parvari, Yaakov Pollack, Ilan Shelef, Batia Marom, Tiziana Martino, Milena Cannella, Ferdinando Squitieri
We report a cluster of patients from a Karaite Jew community with a movement disorder suggestive of Huntington disease (HD), in some cases associated with repeat lengths below the edge of 36 CAG repeats. The study describes the clinical and genetic features of four patients who were followed over several years. Patients belonged to an inbred family in whom progressive chorea, manifesting predominantly with dystonia and cerebellar features, developed during middle age. Although severe psychiatric symptoms ultimately developed in two of the four patients, cognitive function remained reasonably well preserved in all of them even after several disease years...
February 15, 2009: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19012484/a-stereotactic-near-infrared-probe-for-localization-during-functional-neurosurgical-procedures-further-experience
#13
Cole A Giller, Hanli Liu, Dwight C German, Dheerendra Kashyap, Richard B Dewey
OBJECT: The authors previously developed an optical stereotactic probe employing near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to provide intraoperative localization by distinguishing gray matter from white matter. In the current study they extend and further validate this technology. METHODS: Near-infrared probes were inserted 203 times during 138 procedures for movement disorders. Detailed validation with postoperative imaging was obtained for 121 of these procedures and with microelectrode recording (MER) for 30 procedures...
February 2009: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18035954/what-the-future-holds-for-deep-brain-stimulation
#14
REVIEW
Alim Louis Benabid
For 20 years, deep brain stimulation (DBS) at high frequency has been developed as a substitute for the classical lesioning methods previously used in stereotactic and functional neurosurgery. This method has proven its efficacy, based on its reversibility and adaptability: two factors that are responsible for low morbidity. The method has been initially developed for and applied to movement disorders in several target areas; such as the thalamus, the pallidum and the subthalamic nucleus. It has now also been extended to other indications, such as epilepsy, dystonias and cluster headache and, more recently, to psychiatric disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, Gilles de la Tourette tics and depression...
November 2007: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17200151/sgce-missense-mutations-that-cause-myoclonus-dystonia-syndrome-impair-epsilon-sarcoglycan-trafficking-to-the-plasma-membrane-modulation-by-ubiquitination-and-torsina
#15
Christopher T Esapa, Adrian Waite, Matthew Locke, Matthew A Benson, Michaela Kraus, R A Jeffrey McIlhinney, Roy V Sillitoe, Philip W Beesley, Derek J Blake
Myoclonus-dystonia syndrome (MDS) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by myoclonic jerks often seen in combination with dystonia and psychiatric co-morbidities and epilepsy. Mutations in the gene encoding epsilon-sarcoglycan (SGCE) have been found in some patients with MDS. SGCE is a maternally imprinted gene with the disease being inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with reduced penetrance upon maternal transmission. In the central nervous system, epsilon-sarcoglycan is widely expressed in neurons of the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, hippocampus, cerebellum and the olfactory bulb...
February 1, 2007: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16791775/psychogenic-movement-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Stephen G Reich
All varieties of movement disorders may be mimicked by a psychogenic disorder, most commonly tremor, dystonia, and myoclonus. Approximately 3% of patients seen in specialty clinics have a psychogenic movement disorder (PMD). The diagnosis of a PMD depends on not just ruling out an organic movement disorder, but moreover, recognizing features from the history and examination that are inconsistent or incongruous with an organic movement disorder. Most PMDs represent a conversion disorder, sometimes as part of a somatoform disorder; less common diagnoses include a factitious disorder or malingering...
July 2006: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16383228/behavioral-and-psychiatric-manifestations-in-dystonia
#17
REVIEW
Marjan Jahanshahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2005: Advances in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16194801/periodic-limb-movements-and-other-movement-disorders-in-sleep-neuropsychiatric-dimensions
#18
REVIEW
Sharon Reutens, Perminder S Sachdev
Movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease and Tourette's syndrome, primarily manifest during wakefulness, intrude into sleep. There are some disorders, however, such as periodic limb movements in sleep, restless legs syndrome, paroxysmal nocturnal dystonia, bruxism, and somnambulism, which occur primarily during sleep. The diagnosis and management of these disorders pose a challenge to neuropsychiatric practice, not only because they may be difficult to distinguish from other neuropsychiatric disorders, but also because psychiatric disorders are often co-morbid with them...
August 2005: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15210487/dyskinesias-and-associated-psychiatric-disorders-following-streptococcal-infections
#19
R C Dale, I Heyman, R A H Surtees, A J Church, G Giovannoni, R Goodman, B G R Neville
BACKGROUND: The classical extrapyramidal movement disorder following beta haemolytic streptococcus (BHS) infection is Sydenham's chorea (SC). Recently, other post-streptococcal movement disorders have been described, including motor tics and dystonia. Associated emotional and behavioural alteration is characteristic. AIMS: To describe experience of post-streptococcal dyskinesias and associated co-morbid psychiatric features presenting to a tertiary referral centre 1999-2002...
July 2004: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12208643/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-among-idiopathic-focal-dystonia-patients-an-epidemiological-and-family-study
#20
Roberto Cavallaro, Giuseppe Galardi, Maria Cristina Cavallini, Marta Henin, Stefano Amodio, Laura Bellodi, Giancarlo Comi
BACKGROUND: A disturbed function of striato-thalamo-cortical circuitry is hypothesized to underlie idiopathic focal dystonia (IFD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), two severe and disabling neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Previous studies on small samples showed either higher obsessionality scores or higher frequency of OCD in dystonic patients than in normal control subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and familial loading of OCD in a population of patients with IFD...
August 15, 2002: Biological Psychiatry
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