keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mitochondrial virus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332314/the-mitochondrial-hinge-protein-uqcrh-is-a-novel-prognostic-factor-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Eun-Ran Park, Sang-Bum Kim, Jee-San Lee, Yang-Hyun Kim, Dong-Hyoung Lee, Eung-Ho Cho, Sun-Hoo Park, Chul Ju Han, Bu-Yeo Kim, Dong Wook Choi, Young Do Yoo, Ami Yu, Jae Won Lee, Ja June Jang, Young Nyun Park, Kyung-Suk Suh, Kee-Ho Lee
Alterations in mitochondrial respiration contribute to the development and progression of cancer via abnormal biogenesis, including generation of reactive oxygen species. Ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase hinge protein (UQCRH) consists of the cytochrome bc1 complex serving respiration in mitochondria. In the present study, we analyzed UQCRH abnormalities in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its association with clinical outcomes of patients. UQCRH expression in HCC was determined via semiquantitative and quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction of 96 surgically resected HCC tissues positive for hepatitis B virus surface antigen...
March 23, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329914/ginsenoside-rg3-restores-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-aberrant-mitochondrial-dynamics-and-inhibits-virus-propagation
#2
Seong-Jun Kim, Jae Young Jang, Eun-Jung Kim, Eun Kyung Cho, Dae Gyun Ahn, Chonsaeng Kim, Han Seul Park, Soung Won Jeong, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Young Seok Kim, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Ji-Hyung Lee, Aleem Siddiqui
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) alters mitochondrial dynamics associated with persistent viral infection and suppression of innate immunity. Mitochondrial dysfunction is also a pathologic feature of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) treatment. Despite the high efficacy of DAAs, their treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C in interferon-sparing regimens occasionally produces undesirable side effects such as fatigue, migraine and other conditions, which may be linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. Here we show that clinically prescribed DAAs, including Sofosbuvir, affect mitochondrial dynamics...
March 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314479/new-insights-into-the-effects-and-mechanism-of-a-classic-traditional-chinese-medicinal-formula-on-influenza-prevention
#3
Huan Chen, Chong Jie, Lu-Ping Tang, He Meng, Xiao-Bo Li, Yan-Bing Li, Le-Xing Chen, Chang Yan, Hiroshi Kurihara, Yi-Fang Li, Rong-Rong He
BACKGROUND: KangBingDu (KBD) is a classic traditional Chinese medicinal formula widely used to treat influenza. However, little information is available from controlled studies regarding the anti-influenza pharmacological activities of KBD and its underlying mechanisms, at least partly due to the lack of appropriate study models. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that KBD might provide a protection against influenza infection by reducing the host's susceptibility to viruses...
April 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295214/negative-regulators-of-the-rig-i-like-receptor-signaling-pathway
#4
REVIEW
Kendra M Quicke, Michael S Diamond, Mehul S Suthar
Upon recognition of specific molecular patterns on microbes, host cells trigger an innate immune response, which culminates in the production of type I interferons (IFNs), pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and restricts pathogen replication and spread within the host. At each stage of this response, there are stimulatory and inhibitory signals that regulate the magnitude, quality, and character of the response. Positive regulation promotes an antiviral state to control and eventually clear infection, whereas negative regulation dampens inflammation and prevents immune-mediated tissue damage...
March 10, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288321/phomopsis-longicolla-rna-virus-1-novel-virus-at-the-edge-of-myco-and-plant-viruses
#5
Lenka Hrabáková, Igor Koloniuk, Karel Petrzik
The complete nucleotide sequence of a new RNA mycovirus in the KY isolate of Phomopsis longicolla Hobbs 1985 and its protoplasts subcultures p5, p9, and ME711 was discovered. The virus, provisionally named Phomopsis longicolla RNA virus 1 (PlRV1), was localized in mitochondria and was determined to have a genome 2822 nucleotides long. A single open reading frame could be translated in silico by both standard and mitochondrial genetic codes into a product featuring conservative domains for an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp)...
March 10, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277148/adverse-effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-liver-hepatocytes-and-endothelium-in-hiv-patients-an-ultrastructural-perspective
#6
Sarah Chwiki, Maria Mercedes Campos, Mary E McLaughlin, David E Kleiner, Joseph A Kovacs, Caryn G Morse, Mones S Abu-Asab
Human immunodeficiency virus and antiretroviral therapy (ART) together can be far more detrimental to liver cells than either of the two unaided. However, ultrastructural aspects of the synergistic effects of HIV and ART have been understudied. In a patient cohort receiving ART, this study characterizes ultrastructurally sinusoidal degeneration, hepatocytic aberrations, mitochondrial dysfunction, accumulation of bulky lipid droplets (steatosis), and occlusion of sinusoidal lumina. Mitochondrial dysfunction causes the accumulation of acetyl-CoA which leads to insulin upregulation and resistance, lipid synthesis, and steatosis...
March 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273895/the-dynamic-interacting-landscape-of-mapl-reveals-essential-functions-for-sumoylation-in-innate-immunity
#7
Karine Doiron, Vanessa Goyon, Etienne Coyaud, Sanjeeva Rajapakse, Brian Raught, Heidi M McBride
Activation of the innate immune response triggered by dsRNA viruses occurs through the assembly of the Mitochondrial Anti-Viral Signaling (MAVS) complex. Upon recognition of viral dsRNA, the cytosolic receptor RIG-I is activated and recruited to MAVS to activate the immune signaling response. We here demonstrate a strict requirement for a mitochondrial anchored protein ligase, MAPL (also called MUL1) in the signaling events that drive the transcriptional activation of antiviral genes downstream of Sendai virus infection, both in vivo and in vitro...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272885/lead-development-of-thiazolylsulfonamides-with-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitory-action
#8
Fabrizio Carta, Alexander Birkmann, Tamara Pfaff, Helmut Buschmann, Wilfried Schwab, Holger Zimmermann, Alfonso Maresca, Claudiu T Supuran
A series of congeners structurally related to pritelivir, N-[5-(aminosulfonyl)-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]-N-methyl-2-[4-(2-pyridinyl)phenyl]acetamide, a helicase-primase inhibitor for the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections, was prepared. The synthesized primary and secondary sulfonamides were investigated as inhibitors of six physiologically and pharmacologically relevant human (h) carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms, the cytosolic enzymes hCA I and II, the mitochondrial ones hCA VA and VB, and the transmembrane, tumor associated hCA IX and XII...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265856/dram-is-involved-in-regulating-nucleoside-analog-induced-neuronal-autophagy-in-a-p53-independent-manner
#9
Ziyun Gao, Junqi Shan, Bishi Wang, Luxin Qiao, Dexi Chen, Yulin Zhang
The widespread use of combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART) has not decreased the prevalence of HIV-1-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND), a type of neurodegenerative disease, even though cART effectively inhibits virus colonization in the central nervous system. Therefore, anti-retroviral agents cannot be fully excluded from the pathogenesis of HAND. Our previous study reported that long-term nucleoside analogue (NA) exposure induced mitochondrial toxicity in the cortical neurons of HAND patients and mice, but the exact mechanism of NA-associated neurotoxicity has remained unclear...
March 6, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264479/phylogenetic-relationships-among-whiteflies-in-the-bemisia-tabaci-gennadius-species-complex-from-major-cassava-growing-areas-in-kenya
#10
Duke M Manani, Elijah M Ateka, Steven R G Nyanjom, Laura M Boykin
Whiteflies, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) are major insect pests that affect many crops such as cassava, tomato, beans, cotton, cucurbits, potato, sweet potato, and ornamental crops. Bemisia tabaci transmits viral diseases, namely cassava mosaic and cassava brown streak diseases, which are the main constraints to cassava production, causing huge losses to many small-scale farmers. The aim of this work was to determine the phylogenetic relationships among Bemisia tabaci species in major cassava growing areas of Kenya...
February 28, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261380/adverse-effects-of-oral-antiviral-therapy-in-chronic-hepatitis-b
#11
REVIEW
Bircan Kayaaslan, Rahmet Guner
Oral nucleoside/nucleotide analogues (NAs) are currently the backbone of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection treatment. They are generally well-tolerated by patients and safe to use. To date, a significant number of patients have been treated with NAs. Safety data has accumulated over the years. The aim of this article is to review and update the adverse effects of oral NAs. NAs can cause class adverse effects (i.e., myopathy, neuropathy, lactic acidosis) and dissimilar adverse effects. All NAs carry a "Black Box" warning because of the potential risk for mitochondrial dysfunction...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259747/exosome-based-immunomodulation-during-aging-a-nano-perspective-on-inflamm-aging
#12
REVIEW
Francesco Prattichizzo, Luigina Micolucci, Monica Cricca, Sabrina De Carolis, Emanuela Mensà, Antonio Ceriello, Antonio Domenico Procopio, Massimiliano Bonafè, Fabiola Olivieri
Exosomes are nanovesicles formed by inward budding of endosomal membranes. They exert complex immunomodulatory effects on target cells, acting both as antigen-presenting vesicles and as shuttles for packets of information like proteins, coding and non-coding RNA, and nuclear and mitochondrial DNA fragments. Albeit different, all such functions seem to be encompassed in the adaptive mechanism mediating the complex interactions of the organism with a variety of stressors, providing both for defense and for the evolution of symbiotic relationships with others organisms (gut microbiota, bacteria, and viruses)...
March 1, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257038/establishment-of-hk-2-cells-as-a-relevant-model-to-study-tenofovir-induced-cytotoxicity
#13
Rachel A Murphy, Reagan M Stafford, Brooke A Petrasovits, Megann A Boone, Monica A Valentovic
Tenofovir (TFV) is an antiviral drug approved for treating Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis B. TFV is administered orally as the prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) which then is deesterified to the active drug TFV. TFV induces nephrotoxicity characterized by renal failure and Fanconi Syndrome. The mechanism of this toxicity remains unknown due to limited experimental models. This study investigated the cellular mechanism of cytotoxicity using a human renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line (HK-2)...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247913/cellular-proteomic-analysis-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-and-classical-swine-fever-virus-coinfection-in-porcine-kidney-15-cells-using-isobaric-tags-for-relative-and-absolute-quantitation-coupled-lc-ms-ms
#14
Niu Zhou, Chunmei Fan, Song Liu, Jianwei Zhou, Yulan Jin, Xiaojuan Zheng, Qin Wang, Jue Liu, Hanchun Yang, Jinyan Gu, Jiyong Zhou
Viral coinfection or superinfection in host has caused public health concern and huge economic losses of farming industry. The influence of viral coinfection on cellular protein abundance is essential for viral pathogenesis. Based on a coinfection model for porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) developed previously by our laboratory, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-coupled LC-MS/MS proteomic profiling was performed to explore the host cell responses to PCV2-CSFV coinfection...
March 1, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241311/timing-of-antioxidant-gene-therapy-implications-for-treating-dry-amd
#15
Manas R Biswal, Pingyang Han, Ping Zhu, Zhaoyang Wang, Hong Li, Cristhian J Ildefonso, Alfred S Lewin
Purpose: To investigate whether antioxidant gene therapy protects the structure and function of retina in a murine model of RPE atrophy, and to determine whether antioxidant gene therapy can prevent degeneration once it has begun. Methods: We induced mitochondrial oxidative stress in RPE by conditional deletion of Sod2, the gene for manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD). These mice exhibited localized atrophy of the RPE and overlying photoreceptors. We restored Sod2 to the RPE of one eye using adeno-associated virus (AAV) by subretinal injection at an early (6 weeks) and a late stage (6 months), injecting the other eye with an AAV vector expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241074/arsenite-induced-stress-granule-formation-is-inhibited-by-elevated-levels-of-reduced-glutathione-in-west-nile-virus-infected-cells
#16
Mausumi Basu, Sean C Courtney, Margo A Brinton
Oxidative stress activates the cellular kinase HRI, which then phosphorylates eIF2α, resulting in stalled translation initiation and the formation of stress granules (SGs). SG assembly redirects cellular translation to stress response mRNAs and inhibits cap-dependent viral RNA translation. Flavivirus infections were previously reported to induce oxidative stress in infected cells but flavivirus-infected cells paradoxically develop resistance to arsenite (Ars)-induced SG formation with time after infection...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235685/the-molluscum-contagiosum-virus-protein-mc163-localizes-to-the-mitochondria-and-dampens-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptotic-responses
#17
Jesse Coutu, Melissa R Ryerson, Joachim Bugert, Daniel Brian Nichols
Apoptosis is a powerful host cell defense to prevent viruses from completing replication. Poxviruses have evolved complex means to dampen cellular apoptotic responses. The poxvirus, Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV), encodes numerous host interacting molecules predicted to antagonize immune responses. However, the function of the majority of these MCV products has not been characterized. Here, we show that the MCV MC163 protein localized to the mitochondria via an N-terminal mitochondrial localization sequence and transmembrane domain...
February 21, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228506/low-plasma-zinc-is-associated-with-higher-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-and-faster-liver-fibrosis-development-in-the-miami-adult-studies-in-hiv-cohort
#18
Sabrina S Martinez, Adriana Campa, Yinghui Li, Christina Fleetwood, Tiffanie Stewart, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy, Marianna K Baum
Background: Oxidative stress and reduced antioxidants may be a trigger for liver fibrogenesis. Reducing oxidative stress through higher antioxidant concentration may be a potential antifibrotic target.Objective: We aimed to investigate longitudinally whether plasma zinc, an antioxidant, is related to mitochondrial oxidative stress and the progression of liver fibrosis in the Miami Adult Studies in HIV (MASH) cohort.Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in 487 predominantly African American HIV-monoinfected and HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected adults with a mean ± SD age of 47...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228352/biochemical-changes-of-salivary-gland-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-cells-induced-by-sgi-1776
#19
Xiuxiu Hou, Yunfang Yu, Jianguo Feng, Jiafeng Wang, Chuanming Zheng, Zhiqiang Ling, Minghua Ge, Xin Zhu
Provirus integration site for Moloney murine leukemia virus 1 (Pim-1) has proved to be an oncogene and it is known that to depress Pim-1 activity may be a novel oncological treatment strategy. SGI-1776, a small molecule, is the first clinically tested inhibitor of the Pim kinase family. Here, we aimed to explore the effect of SGI-1776 on salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). Expression of Pim-1 was confirmed in SACC and control tissues by qRT-PCR. After SGI-1776 treatment, the Pim-1 expressions and Pim-1 kinase activity in both SACC-83 and SACC-LM cell lines were measured...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219080/survival-of-tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-requires-exogenous-lipid-uptake-and-metabolism
#20
Youdong Pan, Tian Tian, Chang Ook Park, Serena Y Lofftus, Shenglin Mei, Xing Liu, Chi Luo, John T O'Malley, Ahmed Gehad, Jessica E Teague, Sherrie J Divito, Robert Fuhlbrigge, Pere Puigserver, James G Krueger, Gökhan S Hotamisligil, Rachael A Clark, Thomas S Kupper
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells persist indefinitely in epithelial barrier tissues and protect the host against pathogens. However, the biological pathways that enable the long-term survival of TRM cells are obscure. Here we show that mouse CD8(+) TRM cells generated by viral infection of the skin differentially express high levels of several molecules that mediate lipid uptake and intracellular transport, including fatty-acid-binding proteins 4 and 5 (FABP4 and FABP5). We further show that T-cell-specific deficiency of Fabp4 and Fabp5 (Fabp4/Fabp5) impairs exogenous free fatty acid (FFA) uptake by CD8(+) TRM cells and greatly reduces their long-term survival in vivo, while having no effect on the survival of central memory T (TCM) cells in lymph nodes...
February 20, 2017: Nature
keyword
keyword
71367
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"