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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040893/quality-of-online-information-on-breast-cancer-treatment-options
#1
Nadia Arif, Pietro Ghezzi
Offering breast cancer patients treatment choice has become a priority as the involvement of patients in the decision-making process is associated with improved physical and psychological outcomes. As the Internet is increasingly being used by patients as a source of medical information, it is important to evaluate the quality of information relating to breast cancer on the Internet. We analysed 200 websites returned by google.co.uk searching "breast cancer treatment options" in terms of their typology and treatment options described...
October 14, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040889/factors-associated-with-happiness-in-the-elderly-persons-living-in-the-community
#2
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Daiene de Morais, Rebeca Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Sofia Cristina I Pavarini, Marcos Hortes N Chagas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with happiness in a sample of Brazilian older adults. METHODS: A study was conducted with 263 elderly people in the area of coverage of a family health unit located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Subjective Happiness Scale was used to measure happiness, the final score of which determined one of three outcomes: not happy, intermediate, and happy. Disability, sociodemographic characteristics, and psychological, cognitive, and physical factors were considered for the multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040512/fertility-related-knowledge-and-reproductive-goals-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-short-communication
#3
V Lehmann, M C Keim, L Nahata, E L Shultz, J L Klosky, M A Tuinman, C A Gerhardt
STUDY QUESTION: Do young adult survivors of childhood cancer know their fertility status, in the context of their parenthood goals and screening for gonadal functioning? SUMMARY ANSWER: While 80% of survivors (who were without children) wanted children in the future, most did not know their fertility status, and screening for gonadal functioning was underutilized. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Survivors of childhood cancer are at risk for infertility, but fertility counseling and assessment are underutilized...
September 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040351/oxytocin-genotype-moderates-the-impact-of-social-support-on-psychiatric-distress-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#4
Tiffany M Love, James A Cranford, Margit Burmeister, Marcin Wojnar, Robert A Zucker, Kirk J Brower
Aims: The social environment strongly influences individual mental health. Individuals with strong social support systems tend to experience higher levels of well-being, lower levels of psychological distress and exhibit fewer psychiatric symptoms. However, there is a significant degree of individual variability as to the extent to which social support is beneficial to overall mental health. From a neurobiological perspective, it is suggested that the social hormone, oxytocin, may moderate the favorable effects of social interaction...
October 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036939/female-genital-mutilation-reconstruction-a-preliminary-report
#5
Catherine S Chang, David W Low, Ivona Percec
Background: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is internationally recognized as a violation of human rights. Though rarely discussed, FGM is prevalent, affecting hundreds of millions of females worldwide. Objectives: We believe that is important for plastic surgeons to be informed and prepared to address the surgical and emotional needs of these women. We present our experience on treatment of women subjected to FGM. Methods: Three consecutive patients were treated by our clitoral restoration procedure...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036845/sexual-concerns-after-spinal-cord-injury-an-update-on-management
#6
Marcalee Sipski Alexander, Carrie Mlynarczyk Aisen, Sterling Morrison Alexander, Mindy Lipson Aisen
BACKGROUND: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) causes neurological impairment with resultant neurogenic sexual dysfunction which can compound preexisting psychological and medical sexual concerns. Understanding these concerns is important in managing the lifelong needs of persons with SCIs. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the impact of SCI on sexuality along with a framework for treatment of sexual concerns. To briefly review male infertility and its treatments and pregnancy in females after SCI...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036823/prevalence-and-correlates-of-behavioral-disorders-in-old-age-subjects-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#7
Virginia Boccardi, Manuela Conestabile Della Staffa, Marta Baroni, Sara Ercolani, Michele Francesco Croce, Carmelinda Ruggiero, Patrizia Mecocci
BACKGROUND: Presence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is very common in subjects with cognitive impairment, representing an important determinant of disease progression, institutionalization, and worse prognosis. Knowledge of the prevalence and correlates of BPSD in community-living old subjects with cognitive impairment is limited so far, but it is essential for establishing specifically tailored care and cure in such a vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: With this study, we aimed at investigating, in a large sample of old age subjects with cognitive impairment, BPSD prevalence and correlates including the main demographic, clinical, and socio-environmental characteristics...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036361/chronic-pain-and-neuropathy-following-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#8
Lise Ventzel, Caspar S Madsen, Páll Karlsson, Hatice Tankisi, Baris Isak, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Anders B Jensen, Anni R Jensen, Troels S Jensen, Nanna B Finnerup
Objective: To determine symptoms and characteristics of chronic sensory neuropathy in patients treated with oxaliplatin and docetaxel, including patterns of somatosensory abnormalities, pain descriptors, and psychological functioning. Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Setting: A chronic pain research center. Subjects: Thirty-eight patients with chronic peripheral pain and/or dysesthesia following chemotherapy...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034717/treatment-seeking-for-problematic-pornography-use-among-women
#9
Karol Lewczuk, Joanna Szmyd, Maciej Skorko, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Previous studies examined psychological factors related to treatment seeking for problematic pornography use (PU) among males. In this study, we focused on females who seek treatment for problematic PU and compared them with non-problematic pornography users with regard to variables related to problematic PU. Second, we investigated the relationships between critical constructs related to problematic PU with the path analysis method, emphasizing the predictors for treatment seeking among women...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034363/nocebo-effects-in-clinical-studies-hints-for-pain-therapy
#10
Regine Klinger, Maxie Blasini, Julia Schmitz, Luana Colloca
INTRODUCTION: Nocebo-induced algesic responses occurring within clinical contexts present a challenge for health care practitioners working in the field of pain medicine. OBJECTIVES: Following the recent research on algesic nocebo effects, the scope of this review is to develop ethically acceptable strategies to help avoid, or at least reduce, nocebo responses within clinical settings. METHODS: We reviewed relevant clinical studies that depict how patient-practitioner interactions may contribute to the reduction of nocebo responses...
March 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034255/perioperative-management-of-elderly-patients-with-gastrointestinal-malignancies-the-contribution-of-anesthesia
#11
REVIEW
Rudolf Mörgeli, Kathrin Scholtz, Johannes Kurth, Sascha Treskatsch, Bruno Neuner, Susanne Koch, Lutz Kaufner, Claudia Spies
INTRODUCTION: Elderly patients suffering from gastrointestinal malignancies are particularly prone to perioperative complications. Elderly patients often present with reduced physiological reserves, and comorbidities can limit treatment options and promote complications. Surgeons and anesthesiologists must be aware of strategies required to deal with this vulnerable subgroup. METHODS: We provide a brief review of current and emerging perioperative strategies for the treatment of elderly patients with gastrointestinal malignancies and frequent comorbidities...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034187/electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-xerostomia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
BACKGROUND: Xerostomia leads to caries, infection and overall psychological discomfort. Salivary substitutes and pharmacological agents have been tried only with temporary relief. The use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been contemplated on by various researchers for treatment of xerostomia. We carried out the present review as a systematic compilation and quantitative synthesis of the existing evidence related to the utility of TENS in patients with xerostomia...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034127/socio-demographic-factors-which-significantly-relate-to-the-prediction-of-burns-severity-in-children
#13
Khalid Alnababtah, Salim Khan
BACKGROUND: Burns are considered one of the biggest wounds and the most devastating injuries humans can receive as they have prolonged consequences which are not only physical, but psychological in addition to the cost of treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between socio-demographic factors (SDF) and the incidence and mechanisms of burn injuries in children. The objectives were to identify the multiple and various factors responsible for the occurrence of significant burns in children; to explore and investigate the relationship between these factors; to critically analyse SDF on the incidence and mechanisms of burns and to develop a contextual model with a view to informing future health care policy and health promotion programmes...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034102/new-directions-in-hypnosis-research-strategies-for-advancing-the-cognitive-and-clinical-neuroscience-of-hypnosis
#14
Mark P Jensen, Graham A Jamieson, Antoine Lutz, Giuliana Mazzoni, William J McGeown, Enrica L Santarcangelo, Athena Demertzi, Vilfredo De Pascalis, Éva I Bányai, Christian Rominger, Patrik Vuilleumier, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville, Devin B Terhune
This article summarizes key advances in hypnosis research during the past two decades, including (i) clinical research supporting the efficacy of hypnosis for managing a number of clinical symptoms and conditions, (ii) research supporting the role of various divisions in the anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortices in hypnotic responding, and (iii) an emerging finding that high hypnotic suggestibility is associated with atypical brain connectivity profiles. Key recommendations for a research agenda for the next decade include the recommendations that (i) laboratory hypnosis researchers should strongly consider how they assess hypnotic suggestibility in their studies, (ii) inclusion of study participants who score in the middle range of hypnotic suggestibility, and (iii) use of expanding research designs that more clearly delineate the roles of inductions and specific suggestions...
2017: Neuroscience of Consciousness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034074/recent-advances-in-managing-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Jaspreet Sandhu, Hin Yu Vincent Tu
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is a common disorder seen in men under the age of 50 and has a considerable negative impact on quality of life; it is a complex and difficult condition to treat, owing to its wide symptomatology. In order to effectively treat this condition, the UPOINT system was developed: it allows clinical profiling of a patient's symptoms into six broad categories (urinary symptoms, psychological dysfunction, organ-specific symptoms, infectious causes, neurologic dysfunction, and tenderness of the pelvic floor muscles) to allow individualized and multimodal therapy...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033988/comparing-the-effect-of-auriculotherapy-and-vitamin-b6-on-the-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome-among-the-students-who-lived-in-the-dorm-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#16
Sharareh Koleini, Mahboubeh Valiani
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a series of physical and psychological symptoms before menstruation which its prevalence around the world has been reported to be 80%. Consumption of vitamin B6 is a common treatment for this syndrome, and this study was conducted to compare the effect of auriculotherapy and vitamin B6 on the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a clinical trial. Eighty-four female students who lived at the university dorm were randomly selected and allocated into two groups of 42...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033985/the-effects-of-acupressure-on-pain-severity-in-female-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Maryam Movahedi, Somayeh Ghafari, Fateme Nazari, Mahboubeh Valiani
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes physical and psychological impacts among nurses. This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupressure on the severity of pain in chronic low back pain in female nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a single-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted among 50 nurses suffering from chronic low back pain. After simple sampling, participants were randomly assigned into acupressure and sham groups using lottery method (25 patients in each group)...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033282/character-strengths-of-individuals-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-individual-resiliency-training
#18
Julia Browne, Sue E Estroff, Kelsey Ludwig, Carrington Merritt, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Kim T Mueser, Jennifer D Gottlieb, David L Penn
Positive psychology interventions that integrate a person's strengths into treatment result in improvements in life satisfaction and well-being. Character strengths classified within six core virtues (wisdom/knowledge, courage, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence) have been the subject of substantial research. Though a number of studies have been conducted in the general population, little is known about the character strengths of individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP). Moreover, positive psychology principles, in particular a focus on personal strengths, have been increasingly integrated into FEP treatment and was a core component of Individual Resiliency Training (IRT), the individual therapy component of NAVIGATE tested in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program...
October 12, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#19
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032844/-family-adherence-in-serious-mental-disorder
#20
Ernesto Martín Padilla, Diana Obando Posada, Pedro Sarmiento Medina
OBJECTIVE: Identify attitudes and behaviors that evidence and characterize family adherence to treatment in patients with severe mental disorder. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive, from an interpretative social approach. LOCATION: Chia, Colombia, with professionals in the psychiatric and geriatric settings. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve professionals in psychiatry, nursing and psychology, with experience in care of patients with serious mental disorder and their families...
October 9, 2017: Atencion Primaria
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