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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474440/long-term-effects-of-conservative-treatment-of-milwaukee-brace-on-body-image-and-mental-health-of-patients-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Maciej Głowacki, Adam Okręt
We aimed to provide a complex assessment of adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) after a minimum of 23 years after completed Milwaukee brace treatment. In the present study, a comparison between healthy female and AIS patients' perception of trunk disfigurement, self-image, mental health, pain level and everyday activity was made. Thirty AIS patients with a mean of 27.77 yrs (SD 3.30) after the treatment were included in the study. The control group consisted of 42 females, matching the age profile of the patient group...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473966/beyond-abstinence-changes-in-indices-of-quality-of-life-with-time-in-recovery-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults
#2
John F Kelly, M Claire Greene, Brandon G Bergman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and recovery research typically have focused narrowly on changes in alcohol/drug use (e.g., "percent days abstinent") with little attention on changes in functioning or well-being. Furthermore, little is known about whether and when such changes may occur, and for whom, as people progress in recovery. Greater knowledge would improve understanding of recovery milestones and points of vulnerability and growth. METHODS: National, probability-based, cross-sectional sample of U...
February 23, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473186/being-in-safe-hands-patients-perceptions-of-how-cancer-services-may-support-psychological-well-being
#3
Lynda Appleton, Helen Poole, Christine Wall
AIMS: To explore how cancer services may positively promote and support patients' well-being throughout treatment. Specifically to identify components of care that are important to patients and meet their needs BACKGROUND: Patients commonly experience stress and uncertainty during their cancer journey which can have a negative impact on their psychological health and quality of life. Comparatively, little is known about how patients may experience positive well-being during their treatment experience...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473044/cardiotoxicity-of-anticancer-therapeutics
#4
REVIEW
Jerry Dong, Hong Chen
As cancer therapeutics continues to improve and progress, the adverse side effects associated with anticancer treatments have also attracted more attention and have become extensively explored. Consequently, the importance of posttreatment follow-ups is becoming increasingly relevant to the discussion. Contemporary treatment methods, such as tyrosine kinase inhibitors, anthracycline chemotherapy, and immunotherapy regimens are effective in treating different modalities of cancers; however, these reagents act through interference with DNA replication or prevent DNA repair, causing endothelial dysfunction, generating reactive oxygen species, or eliciting non-specific immune responses...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472851/self-active-relaxation-therapy-sart-and-self-regulation-a-comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-japanese-body-movement-approach
#5
REVIEW
Russell S Kabir, Yutaka Haramaki, Hyeyoung Ki, Hiroyuki Ohno
Relaxation programs are known for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to help people obtain skills to regulate their mental states and promote and maintain health. Self-Active Relaxation Therapy (SART) is a body-oriented approach to psychological rehabilitation that grew out of the suite of movement tasks developed in the Japanese psychotherapy known as Dohsa-hou , or the body movement method. The program for SART is designed to stretch, twist, and release areas of the upper, lower, and whole body through a set of movements which are guided by the practitioner and performed "self-actively" by the client to empower them to learn to recognize points of tension in the body and act on their own to achieve a relaxed state...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471923/integration-of-transcendental-meditation%C3%A2-tm-into-alcohol-use-disorder-aud-treatment
#6
Jan Gryczynski, Robert P Schwartz, Marc J Fishman, Courtney D Nordeck, James Grant, Sanford Nidich, Stuart Rothenberg, Kevin E O'Grady
AIMS: Maladaptive responses to stress are thought to play a role in addiction and relapse. Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a popular meditation technique with promising clinical applications. This study sought to: (a) examine the feasibility of providing TM during AUD treatment; (b) compare outcomes for TM vs. treatment as usual (TAU); and (c) investigate the relationship between TM practice and outcomes. METHODS: Meditation-naïve adults with primary AUD (N = 60; 35% female, 60% white) newly admitted to inpatient treatment were recruited in sequential cohorts (30 receiving TAU and 30 receiving TM training)...
April 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471555/-pregnancy-after-obesity-and-metabolic-surgery-risks-and-complications
#7
Christine Stroh, Tanja Groten, Eckehardt Schleussner, Thomas Manger
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications - such as nutrient deficiencies - are the main risks of metabolic surgery and the resulting malabsorption. Obesity, especially morbid obesity, is associated with a high incidence of female infertility. One important cause of female infertility in obese women is the polycystic ovary syndrome, with 6 - 10%. Metabolic surgery significantly increases the fertility of obese women...
February 22, 2018: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470607/the-relationship-between-patients-personality-traits-and-breast-reconstruction-process
#8
Sandra Faragó-Magrini, Cristina Aubá, Cristina Camargo, Carmen Laspra, Bernardo Hontanilla
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is a part of breast cancer treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of reconstruction over psychological traits and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality changes in patients who underwent reconstructive surgery. METHODS: Thirty-seven women underwent breast reconstruction. These women took the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index before and after the different procedures. The questionnaire analyzes: (a) the satisfaction level with personal relationships before and after surgery, and the level of satisfaction with surgical results and (b) personality index...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469757/delusions-of-parasitosis-a-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-pathway-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
Nicholas Laidler
A large proportion of patients seen in dermatology practices have underlying psychological issues associated with their skin diseases. One of the most flagrant examples of this are patients with delusions of parasitosis. These patients have false fixed beliefs that they are infested by parasites and experience cutaneous sensations of crawling, biting, and stinging associated with their delusions. There is no organic skin disorder and all cutaneous manifestations are self-induced. Rather than a psychiatrist, the dermatologist is often designated by the patient to handle the chief complaint, even though the main disorder is psychogenic...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469633/outpatient-addiction-treatment-for-problematic-alcohol-use-what-makes-patients-who-dropped-out-different-from-those-who-did-not
#10
Vincent Wagner, Didier Acier, Jean-Eric Dietlin
BACKGROUND: A minority of individuals with problematic alcohol use effectively seek help. Moreover, dropouts from care are not uncommon. It remains a major concern for health professionals, as adherence to treatment is significantly associated with better physical and psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this research was to assess what factors could distinguish patients with problematic alcohol use who dropped out from those who did not. METHODS: The sample included 150 patients followed-up in an outpatient treatment center in France for a problematic alcohol use...
February 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468884/borrowing-benefits-group-treatment-with-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques-is-associated-with-simultaneous-reductions-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms
#11
Dawson Church, Dennis House
Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) is an evidence-based treatment for depression and anxiety. The current study sought to elucidate the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and anxiety in a nonclinical population. The sample (N = 81) comprised participants at five 2-day EFT workshops. All groups used an EFT protocol called Borrowing Benefits, in which the group facilitator works with a single client while other participants self-apply EFT. Participants were assessed on 9 specific conditions as well as on the breadth (Positive Symptom Total [PST]) and depth (General Symptom Index [GSI]) of psychological distress...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468566/pediatric-psychologists-collaboration-in-a-national-pediatric-obesity-initiative-a-case-study-in-interprofessional-collaboration
#12
REVIEW
Wendy L Ward, Laura A Shaffer, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa
Health Care reform calls for collaborative team-based care; psychologists must therefore strengthen their competencies for work in interprofessional clinical care settings. Toward that end, a group of psychologists participated with physicians, dieticians, physical activity specialists, nurses, and others in a national interprofessional workgroup focused on pediatric obesity. The interprofessional group was designed to identify areas in need of national advocacy, key assessment and treatment concerns, and gaps in internal policies and procedures in children's hospitals...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468518/cultural-factors-influencing-osteoarthritis-care-in-asian-communities-a-review-of-the-evidence
#13
REVIEW
Thrmiga Sathiyamoorthy, Shabana Amanda Ali, Marita Kloseck
With the prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) increasing internationally, there is a need to study the impact of this disease on culturally diverse populations. Individuals of Asian descent make up more than 60% of the world population, yet comprehensive information on the cultural factors that impact OA care is not available. Scoping review methodology using directed content analysis was employed to identify and analyze existing research on OA care for Asians. A categorization matrix was developed using the six care areas from the OA clinical practice guidelines along with an additional three non-clinical areas (cross-cultural adaptation of clinical tools; psychological well-being; family systems and informal care) identified in an initial scan resulting in a total of nine OA care areas to guide initial coding...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468380/guidelines-examination-of-victims-of-sexual-assault-harmonization-of-forensic-and-medico-legal-examination-of-persons
#14
B Ludes, A Geraut, M Väli, D Cusack, D Ferrara, E Keller, P Mangin, D N Vieira
Sexual assault is a complex situation with medical, psychological, and legal aspects. Forensic experts play a major role in terms of forensic and gynecological medical examination and evidence collection in order to maintain the chain of custody. Victims should be examined by a specially trained medico-legal examiner in order to avoid multiple examinations in the surroundings that do not meet minimum health standards. The evolution and treatment of sexual assault victims are time-intensive and should optimally be provided by a team that includes a forensic medical doctor...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468336/parenting-a-child-with-phenylketonuria-pku-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-ipa-of-the-experience-of-parents
#15
Katie Carpenter, Anja Wittkowski, Dougal J Hare, Emma Medford, Stewart Rust, Simon A Jones, Debbie M Smith
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder which can cause neurological damage if left untreated. PKU is identified through newborn screening in developed countries, and treatment begins immediately to prevent these severe consequences. When a child is diagnosed, parents must assume immediate responsibility for the management of PKU and prevention of neurological damage. Quantitative studies have identified significant psychosocial stressors for parents, but little is known about how the parents experience this process...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468276/identification-and-assessment-of-frailty-in-older-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-and-myelofibrosis-and-indications-for-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Massimo Breccia, Francesca Palandri, Luigiana Luciano, Giulia Benevolo, Massimiliano Bonifacio, Giovanni Caocci, Fausto Castagnetti, Giuseppe A Palumbo, Alessandra Iurlo, Francesco Landi
The incidence of cancer, including myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), is projected to increase significantly due to the growing proportion of people aged > 65 years. These older individuals are a heterogeneous population in terms of fitness, comorbidity, and psychological reserve. Therefore, age per se does not always provide an accurate indication of condition in patients with cancer. Frailty has been proposed as an alternative measure of vulnerability that might better indicate which patients can tolerate standard cancer treatment and those who may benefit from treatment adjustment...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467992/obesity-an-enemy-of-male-fertility-a-mini-review
#17
REVIEW
Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam
Obesity is a highly prevalent non-communicable disease worldwide and is commonly associated with male infertility. Several etiopathological theories have been mentioned in the literature by which obesity affects spermatogenesis, thus affecting the male fertility potential. Mechanisms for explaining the effect of obesity on male infertility include endocrinopathy, increased aromatization activity, associated erectile dysfunction, psychological and thermal effects, obstructive sleep apnea, increased leptin and oxygen free radicals, and associated inflammatory and obstructive elements of epididymitis...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467351/short-and-long-photoperiods-differentially-exacerbate-corticosterone-induced-physical-and-psychological-symptoms-in-mice
#18
Hiroshi Kawai, Jin Inabe, Takuya Ishibashi, Naomi Kudo, Yoichi Kawashima, Atsushi Mitsumoto
Circadian disruption affects the pathogenesis and development of various diseases. Depression is one of the most common diseases that relate to circadian rhythm. In this study, we analyzed the effects of daily light/dark (LD) conditions on depression and other symptoms, and also analyzed the mixed effects of LD conditions and corticosterone treatment. Male adult C57BL/6 mice were treated with corticosterone in a normal LD cycle of 12 hours light and 12 hours dark (LD12 : 12), short day conditions of 6 hours light and 18 hours dark (LD6 : 18), or long day conditions of 21 hours light and 3 hours dark (LD21 : 3)...
2018: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466675/emerging-drugs-for-alopecia-areata-jak-inhibitors
#19
Matilde Iorizzo, Antonella Tosti
Alopecia Areata is a common form of non-scarring hair loss that usually starts abruptly with a very high psychological impact. Due to the still not completely understood etiopathogenesis, at present there is no treatment that can induce a permanent remission and there is no drug approved for the treatment of this disorder. Areas covered: Leading existing treatment are briefly overviewed and then ongoing research on Janus Kinases Inhibitors is discussed, reviewing trials with oral and topical formulations so as new opportunities for other forms of alopecia, such as cicatricial alopecia...
February 21, 2018: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466609/a-comparison-of-metacognitive-factors-among-patients-with-cancer-and-the-control-group
#20
Hasan Huseyin Mutlu, F Isil Bilican, Hacer Hicran Mutlu, Mahmut Gumus
OBJECTIVE: Research examining the relationship between metacognitions and cancer has only recently begun to emerge. This study attempted to compare the metacognitions of the patients with and without cancer. The effects of stage of cancer, type of cancer, treatment modality (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, operation) on metacognitions were investigated. Patients with cancer were hypothesized to have higher levels of negative metacognitions. METHODS: Participants were patients with cancer (N=279) and patients without cancer (control group, N=212)...
February 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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