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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823008/neuropathic-pain-s-biopsychosocial-effects
#1
Esra Dogru Huzmeli, Ismet Melek
The aim of our study is to understand neuropathic pain's social, psychological, and biological effects on the patients. All of the patients who were diagnosed with neuropathic pain (NP) by a neurologist were invited to participate in the study. The diagnoses were made based on the patients' history and symptoms and the results of their neurological examinations. Demographic characteristics (age and pain duration), diagnoses, and medical histories of the patients were recorded. Average daily pain intensity was measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822460/-french-society-for-biological-psychiatry-and-neuropsychopharmacology-and-fondation-fondamental-task-force-formal-consensus-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-depression
#2
T Charpeaud, J-B Genty, S Destouches, A Yrondi, S Lancrenon, N Alaïli, F Bellivier, D Bennabi, T Bougerol, V Camus, T D'amato, O Doumy, F Haesebaert, J Holtzmann, C Lançon, M Lefebvre, F Moliere, I Nieto, R Richieri, L Schmitt, F Stephan, G Vaiva, M Walter, M Leboyer, W El-Hage, E Haffen, P-M Llorca, P Courtet, B Aouizerate
Major depression represents among the most frequent psychiatric disorders in the general population with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 16-17%. It is characterized by high levels of comorbidities with other psychiatric conditions or somatic diseases as well as a recurrent or chronic course in 50 to 80% of the cases leading to negative repercussions on the daily functioning, with an impaired quality of life, and to severe direct/indirect costs. Large cohort studies have supported that failure of a first-line antidepressant treatment is observed in more than 60% of patients...
September 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822321/neurostimulation-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-dependence-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine use disorder is a very common condition that represents a substantial public health problem, and no effective pharmacological or psychological therapies have been identified to date. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are therefore needed such as neurostimulation techniques. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of these techniques for the treatment of cocaine dependence. METHODS: The electronic literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta-burst stimulation, deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, magnetic seizure therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, cranial electro-stimulation, and deep brain stimulation in the treatment of cocaine addiction were reviewed...
August 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821939/analgesic-use-in-patients-with-knee-and-or-hip-osteoarthritis-referred-to-an-outpatient-center-a-cross-sectional-study-within-the-amsterdam-osteoarthritis-cohort
#4
Jesper Knoop, Joyce van Tunen, Martin van der Esch, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker, Marike van der Leeden, Willem F Lems
Although analgesics are widely recommended in current guidelines, underuse and inadequate prescription of analgesics seem to result in suboptimal treatment effects in patients with knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed (i) to describe the use of analgesics; and (ii) to determine factors that are related to analgesic use in patients with knee and/or hip OA referred to an outpatient center. A cross-sectional study with data from 656 patients with knee and/or hip OA referred to an outpatient center (Amsterdam Osteoarthritis (AMS-OA) cohort) was conducted...
August 18, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#5
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820273/psychological-distress-health-and-treatment-related-factors-among-individuals-initiating-art-in-oromia-ethiopia
#6
Angela M Parcesepe, Olga Tymejczyk, Robert Remien, Tsigereda Gadisa, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Susie Hoffman, Zenebe Melaku, Batya Elul, Denis Nash
HIV diagnosis may be a source of psychological distress. Late initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment-related beliefs may intensify psychological distress among those recently diagnosed. This analysis describes the prevalence of psychological distress among people living with HIV (PLWH) and examines the association of recent HIV diagnosis, late ART initiation and treatment-related beliefs with psychological distress. The sample includes 1175 PLWH aged 18 or older initiating ART at six HIV clinics in Ethiopia...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820231/interventions-for-treating-persistent-pain-in-survivors-of-torture
#7
REVIEW
Emma Baird, Amanda C de C Williams, Leslie Hearn, Kirstine Amris
BACKGROUND: Persistent (chronic) pain is a frequent complaint in survivors of torture, particularly but not exclusively pain in the musculoskeletal system. Torture survivors may have no access to health care; where they do, they may not be recognised when they present, and the care available often falls short of their needs. There is a tendency in state and non-governmental organisations' services to focus on mental health, with poor understanding of persistent pain, while survivors may have many other legal, welfare, and social problems that take precedence over health care...
August 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820047/reversal-of-spinal-cord-ischemia-following-endovascular-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-repair-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#8
Emmanuel Urquieta, Joseph Varon, Peter H Lin
BACKGROUND: Neurological adverse events with spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remain one of the most feared complications in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). These patients can develop irreversible paraplegia with lifelong consequences with physical and psychological agony. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein present a patient who developed SCI with bilateral lower leg paraplegia on the third postoperative day following TEVAR. Spinal catheter was inserted for spinal fluid drainage...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819922/therapeutic-alliance-client-need-for-approval-and-perfectionism-as-differential-moderators-of-response-to-ehealth-and-traditionally-delivered-treatments-for-comorbid-depression-and-substance-use-problems
#9
Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Kerrin Palazzi, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
PURPOSE: This study sought to undertake an exploratory analysis of the impact of therapeutic alliance and dysfunctional attitudes (perfectionism and need for approval) on outcomes for participants receiving therapist-delivered and eHealth interventions for comorbid depression and alcohol/cannabis use problems. These factors have been shown in previous research to moderate response to psychological treatment for depression and related disorders. METHOD: Participants (N = 274) with concurrent depression and alcohol/cannabis misuse were randomized to 10 sessions of therapist-delivered cognitive behavior therapy/motivational interviewing (CBT/MI), computer-delivered CBT/MI with brief therapist assistance (SHADE CBT/MI), or supportive counseling (PCT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819814/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ibs-how-useful-how-often-and-how-does-it-work
#10
REVIEW
Christopher D Radziwon, Jeffrey M Lackner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While dietary and medical treatments are beneficial for specific GI symptoms for some IBS patients, they have an unsatisfactory track record for the full range of GI symptoms for more severe patients. A number of psychological interventions have been developed over the past two decades to help patients' self-manage symptoms. This review discusses the last 5 years of research on psychological treatments, with a focus on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and hypnosis...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819790/contemplative-meditation-and-neuroscience-prospects-for-mental-health
#11
Denis Larrivee, Luis Echarte
Numerous studies show that personal spirituality developed through prayer positively influences mental health. Phenomenological and neuroscientific studies of mindfulness, an Eastern meditative prayer form, reveal significant health benefits now yielding important insights useful for guiding treatment of psychological disorders. By contrast, and despite its practice for millennia, Christian meditation is largely unrepresented in studies of clinical efficacy. Resemblances between mindfulness and disciplinary acts in Christian meditation taken from the ancient Greek practice of askesis suggest that Christian meditation will prove similarly beneficial; furthermore, psychological and neuroscientific studies suggest that its retention of a dialogical and transcendent praxis will additionally benefit social and existential psychotherapy...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819570/hcv-integrated-care-a-randomized-trial-to-increase-treatment-initiation-and-svr-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#12
Erik J Groessl, Lin Liu, Marisa Sklar, Samuel B Ho
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Psychiatric or substance use disorders are barriers to successful HCV antiviral treatment. In a randomized, controlled trial (RCT), the effects of HCV Integrated Care (IC) for increasing treatment rates and sustained viral response (SVR) were studied with direct acting antivirals (DAA). METHODS: In 2012-13, VA patients, whose screening was positive for depression, PTSD, or substance use (N = 79), were randomized to IC or Usual Care (UC). IC consisted of brief psychological interventions and case management...
2017: International Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819491/-psychiatric-and-psychological-evaluation-of-tako-tsubo-syndrome-about-a-case
#13
Ghizlane Slimani, Hicham Lakbiri, Fatima Zahra Sekkat
Stress cardiomyopathy or Tako Tsubo cardiomyopathy is a cardiac pathology evoking acute coronary syndrome characterized by electrocardiographic signs, cardiac enzyme elevation and no obstructive coronary lesions. It generally affects postmenopausal women and it usually occurs after periods of intense stress. Disease onset is widely variable, ranging from anginal pain (most common) to cardiogenic shock. Exact pathophysiological mechanism continues to be debated. Various hypotheses have been posited. Abrupt elevation of adrenaline levels appears to be the most credible...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817725/development-of-a-psychological-intervention-for-fatigue-after-stroke
#14
Simiao Wu, Trudie Chalder, Kirstin E Anderson, David Gillespie, Malcolm R Macleod, Gillian E Mead
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is common and distressing, but there is insufficient evidence to recommend any effective treatment for it. Psychological interventions are effective in treating fatigue in other conditions. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the feasibility of a psychological intervention for PSF. METHODS: Based on psychological correlates of PSF and evidence-based psychological interventions for fatigue in other medical conditions, we developed a manualised psychological intervention for PSF, with input from stroke clinicians, psychological therapists, and stroke survivors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#15
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#16
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817185/setting-the-stage-for-universal-financial-distress-screening-in-routine-cancer-care
#17
Nandita Khera, Jimmie C Holland, Joan M Griffin
Financial burden from cancer treatment is increasingly being recognized as a threat to optimal access, quality, and outcomes of cancer care for patients. Although research in the area is moving at a fast pace, multiple questions remain unanswered, such as how to practically integrate the assessment and management of financial burden into routine health care delivery for patients with cancer. Although psychological distress screening for patients undergoing cancer treatment now is commonplace, the authors raise the provocative idea of universal screening for financial distress to identify and assist vulnerable groups of patients...
August 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#18
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815985/sticking-with-it-psychotherapy-outcomes-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-university-counseling-center-setting
#19
Emily Anderberg, Jonathan C Cox, E Shannon Neeley Tass, David M Erekson, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Jared S Warren, Jared Cline, Devin Petersen, Mikle South
Young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience high rates of comorbid mental health concerns in addition to distress arising from the core symptoms of autism. Many adults with ASD seek psychological treatment in outpatient facilities in their communities that are not specifically geared toward individuals with ASD. However, few studies have looked at the effectiveness of standard psychotherapeutic care in adults with ASD. This study aimed to discover how individuals with ASD fare in psychotherapy within a college counseling setting, compared to their neurotypical peers...
August 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815860/anxieties-felt-by-ccss-after-treatment-and-the-need-for-continued-support
#20
Naoko Iwai, Akira Shimada, Atsushi Iwai, Sonoe Yamaguchi, Hirokazu Tsukahara, Megumi Oda
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) and their family members continue to live in fear even after treatment is concluded due to concerns about late effects and recurrences. The consequent long-term psychological burden requires long-term follow-up suited to the anxieties and needs of CCSs, which is why we have conducted the present survey. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey at medical facilities in the Chugoku and Shikoku regions of Japan with CCSs who had survived for at least 5 years following treatment, and their family members...
August 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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