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Kappa Receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779861/hopq-impacts-the-integrin-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-independent-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-by-helicobacter-pylori-in-ceacam-expressing-cells
#1
Michael Hartmut Feige, Olga Sokolova, Anna Pickenhahn, Gunter Maubach, Michael Naumann
Helicobacter pylori infection persists in more than half of the world's population and represents a risk factor for peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Virulent strains of H. pylori carry a cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI), which encodes a type IV secretion system (T4SS) with the capability to inject the effector protein cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) into eukaryotic cells. Colonisation of the gastric epithelium by H. pylori provokes direct activation of the proinflammatory and survival factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB)...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779230/role-of-mu-but-not-delta-or-kappa-opioid-receptors-in-context-induced-reinstatement-of-oxycodone-seeking
#2
Jennifer M Bossert, Jennifer K Hoots, Ida Fredriksson, Sweta Adhikary, Michelle Zhang, Marco Venniro, Yavin Shaham
Relapse to nonmedical use of prescription opioids often occurs after exposure to places previously associated with drug use. Here, we describe a rat model of context-induced reinstatement of oxycodone seeking after repeated cycles of drug self-administration and extinction-induced abstinence. We also determined the role of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors (MOR, DOR, KOR) in this reinstatement. We trained rats to self-administer oxycodone for 6 h/d in Context A; lever pressing was paired with a discrete cue...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775776/the-probable-roles-of-valsartan-in-alleviating-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-following-co-exposure-to-cold-stress-and-fine-particulate-matter
#3
Jiangtao Liu, Lei Guo, Kai Zhang, Quanquan Song, Qiaozhen Wei, Qin Bian, Tingting Liang, Jingping Niu, Bin Luo
Angiotensin II (ANG II) might play an important role in the co-effects of cold stress and fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the roles of valsartan in alleviating COPD following co-exposure to cold stress and PM2.5 . Both the two intervention factors are carried out upon COPD rats with the intervention of valsartan. Blockade of angiotensin receptor by valsartan decreases the levels of malondialdehyde in the normal temperature and tumor necrosis factor-α under cold stress significantly...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772837/conventional-pathology-versus-gene-signatures-for-assessing-luminal-a-and-b-type-breast-cancers-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Julia E C van Steenhoven, Anne Kuijer, Paul J van Diest, Joost M van Gorp, Marieke Straver, Sjoerd G Elias, Jelle Wesseling, Emiel Rutgers, Johanna N H Timmer-Bonte, Peter Nieboer, Tineke J Smilde, Alex Imholz, Charlotte F J M Blanken, Sabine Siesling, Thijs van Dalen
In this study, in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) early stage breast cancer patients who were considered candidates for 70-gene signature (70-GS, "MammaPrint") use, we compared molecular subtyping (MS) based on the previously validated 80-gene signature (80-GS, "BluePrint") versus surrogate pathological subtyping (PS). Between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015, 595 clinical intermediate risk ER+ early stage breast cancer patients were enrolled. Hormone receptor (HR) and HER2 receptor status were determined by conventional pathology using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)...
May 17, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772805/ethyl-acetate-fraction-from-persimmon-diospyros-kaki-ameliorates-cerebral-neuronal-loss-and-cognitive-deficit-via-the-jnk-akt-pathway-in-tmt-induced-mice
#5
Jong Min Kim, Seon Kyeong Park, Jin Yong Kang, Su Bin Park, Seul Ki Yoo, Hye Ju Han, Chul-Woo Kim, Uk Lee, Sea-Hyun Kim, Ho Jin Heo
This study was conducted to assess the antioxidant capacity and protective effect of the ethyl acetate fraction from persimmon ( Diospyros kaki ) (EFDK) on H₂O₂-induced hippocampal HT22 cells and trimethyltin chloride (TMT)-induced Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice. EFDK had high antioxidant activities and neuroprotective effects in HT22 cells. EFDK ameliorated behavioral and memory deficits in Y-maze, passive avoidance and Morris water maze tests. Also, EFDK restored the antioxidant system by regulating malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced gluthathione (GSH), and the cholinergic system by controlling the acetylcholine (ACh) level and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and expression...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772680/the-crosstalk-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-pathways-with-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-complex-mechanisms-relevant-for-cancer-inflammation-and-infection
#6
REVIEW
M Lienhard Schmitz, M Samer Shaban, B Vincent Albert, Anke Gökçen, Michael Kracht
Stressful conditions occuring during cancer, inflammation or infection activate adaptive responses that are controlled by the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells (NF-κB) signaling pathway. These systems can be triggered by chemical compounds but also by cytokines, toll-like receptor ligands, nucleic acids, lipids, bacteria and viruses. Despite representing unique signaling cascades, new data indicate that the UPR and NF-κB pathways converge within the nucleus through ten major transcription factors (TFs), namely activating transcription factor (ATF)4, ATF3, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (CEBP) homologous protein (CHOP), X-box-binding protein (XBP)1, ATF6α and the five NF-κB subunits...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768187/activation-of-kappa-opioid-receptors-in-the-dorsal-raphe-have-sex-dependent-effects-on-social-behavior-in-california-mice
#7
Emily C Wright, Tiffany V Parks, Jonathon O Alexander, Rajesh Supra, Brian C Trainor
Kappa opioid receptor activation has been linked to stress and anxiety behavior, thus leading to kappa antagonists being popularized in research as potential anxiolytics. However, while these findings may hold true in standard models, the neuromodulatory effects of social defeat may change the behavioral outcome of kappa opioid receptor activation. Previous research has shown that social defeat can lead to hyperactivity of serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus, and that inhibition of this increase blocks the social deficits caused by defeat...
May 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765216/dysfunction-of-various-organelles-provokes-multiple-cell-death-after-quantum-dot-exposure
#8
REVIEW
Yan Wang, Meng Tang
Quantum dots (QDs) are different from the materials with the micrometer scale. Owing to the superiority in fluorescence and optical stability, QDs act as possible diagnostic and therapeutic tools for application in biomedical field. However, potential threats of QDs to human health hamper their wide utilization in life sciences. It has been reported that oxidative stress and inflammation are involved in toxicity caused by QDs. Recently, accumulating research unveiled that disturbance of subcellular structures plays a magnificent role in cytotoxicity of QDs...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765014/steroid-receptor-coactivator-interacting-protein-sip-suppresses-myocardial-injury-caused-by-acute-pancreatitis
#9
Xin Chen, Bin Zhu
BACKGROUND Steroid receptor coactivator-interacting protein (SIP) inhibits the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) by interacting with p65. The occurrence of acute pancreatitis (AP) is closely associated with pro-inflammatory response. The present study aimed to investigate the role of SIP on myocardial injury caused by AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rat pancreatic acinar tumor cell line AR42J cells were treated with caerulein to establish AP cell models. The levels of TNF-α, IL-6, cTnI, CK-MB, and LDH1 were detected by ELISA assay...
May 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762844/free-fatty-acids-mediates-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-inflammation-through-toll-like-receptor-4
#10
L Chen, C-X Yu, B Song, W Cai, C Liu, Q-B Guan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) in the free fatty acids (FFAs) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) inflammation and to explore the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HUVECs and HEK293 cell lines were obtained from Shanghai Type Culture Collection. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and flow cytometry (FCM) were performed to examine the cell viability and apoptosis rate of HUVECs induced by FFAs treatments with or without infection of toll-like receptor-4 interference (TLR4i) adenovirus...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760957/simulated-microgravity-induces-a-cellular-regression-of-the-mature-phenotype-in-human-primary-osteoblasts
#11
Magda Gioia, Anna Michaletti, Manuel Scimeca, Mario Marini, Umberto Tarantino, Lello Zolla, Massimo Coletta
Decreased mechanical loading on bones, such as prolonged bed rest and microgravity during space flights, leads to the development of an osteoporotic-like phenotype. Although osteoblast hypo-functionality is reported to be involved in the progression of bone pathological conditions, the cellular mechanisms of this process remain largely unknown. The combined application of mass spectrometry "-omics" and histochemical and ultrastructural approaches have been employed to investigate the effects of the gravitational unloading on human bone-cell biology...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758362/the-anti-epileptic-drugs-valproate-carbamazepine-and-levetiracetam-cause-bone-loss-and-modulate-wnt-inhibitors-in-normal-and-ovariectomised-rats
#12
Bushra Parveen, Ambrish Kumar Tiwari, Moon Jain, Subhashis Pal, Naibedya Chattopadhyay, Manjari Tripathi, Divya Vohora
Secondary osteoporosis is the major concern associated with long term intake of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Women are the vulnerable targets owing to post-menopausal bone loss. In the present work, we evaluated the effect of 10 weeks of treatment with AED therapy (carbamazepine, CBZ, 75 mg/kg; sodium valproate, SVP, 300 mg/kg; levetiracetam, LTM, 150 mg/kg) on bone mineral density and microarchitecture at femoral epiphysis, lumbar vertebrae and proximal tibia of normal and ovariectomised Wistar rats...
May 11, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758174/g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-gper-deficiency-induces-cardiac-remodeling-through-oxidative-stress
#13
Hao Wang, Xuming Sun, Marina S Lin, Carlos M Ferrario, Holly Van Remmen, Leanne Groban
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the unfavorable changes in cardiac function and remodeling that occur after ovarian estrogen loss. Using ovariectomized rat models, we previously reported that the cardioprotective actions of estrogen are mediated by the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). Here, in 9-month-old, female cardiomyocyte-specific GPER knockout (KO) mice vs sex- and age-matched wild-type (WT) mice, we found increased cardiac oxidative stress and oxidant damage, measured as a decreased ratio of reduced glutathione to oxidized glutathione, increased 4-hydroxynonenal and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-DG) staining, and increased expression of oxidative stress-related genes...
April 25, 2018: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753717/trim38-regulates-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-through-tab2-degradation-in-osteoclast-and-osteoblast-differentiation
#14
Kabsun Kim, Jung Ha Kim, Inyoung Kim, Semun Seong, Nacksung Kim
The tripartite motif protein 38 (TRIM38), a member of the TRIM family, is involved in various cellular processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and antiviral defense. However, the role of TRIM38 in osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation is not yet known. In this study, we report the involvement of TRIM38 in osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation. Overexpression of TRIM38, in osteoclast precursor cells, attenuated receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclast formation, RANKL-triggered NF-κB activation, and expression of osteoclast marker genes, such as NFATc1, osteoclast-associated receptor (OSCAR), and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP); and down-regulation of TRIM38 expression showed the opposite effects...
May 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753381/denosumab-associated-severe-hypocalcemia-in-a-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
REVIEW
Sohail Abdul Salim, Lakshmi Ramachandran Nair, Litty Thomas, Vishnu Garla, Venkataraman Palabindala, Mohit Agarwal, Tibor Fülöp
Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody directed against the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL). Denosumab has been shown to reduce the risk of skeletal-related events, including spinal cord compression, pathologic fracture and hypercalcemia of malignancy in patients with bone metastases. Hypocalcemia is a known side effect of denosumab, occurring in an estimated 8-14% of the patients. Here, we present an asymptomatic patient with stage-5 chronic kidney disease and severe hypocalcemia who had received denosumab 1 month earlier...
May 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752864/%C3%AE-blockers-interfere-with-cell-homing-receptors-and-regulatory-proteins-in-a-model-of-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#16
Bruna Eibel, Melissa Kristochek, Thiago R Peres, Lucinara D Dias, Daniela R Dartora, Karina R Casali, Renato A K Kalil, Alexandre M Lehnen, Maria Claudia Irigoyen, Melissa M Markoski
AIM: To examine the interference of β-blockers with the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) found in cell homing receptors, C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR-4) and CXCR-7 and regulatory proteins of homing pathways, we administered atenolol, carvedilol, metoprolol and propranolol for 30 days using an orogastric tube to hypertensive rats. METHOD: We collected blood samples before and after treatment and quantified the levels of SDF-1 with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
May 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750914/pro-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-on-immune-and-endothelial-cells
#17
Meng Li, Betty C A M van Esch, Gerry T M Wagenaar, Johan Garssen, Gert Folkerts, Paul A J Henricks
In the gastro-intestinal tract, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) have protective effects on epithelial cells. However, their effects on inflammatory cytokine production by endothelial and immune cells and the recruitment of immune cells and their trans-migration across the endothelial layer remain controversial. Both cell types are associated with the initiation and development of inflammatory diseases, such as atherosclerosis and sepsis. SCFAs modulate immune and inflammatory responses via activation of free fatty acid (FFA) receptors type 2 and 3 (FFA2 and FFA3 receptors), G protein-coupled receptor 109A (GPR109A) and inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs)...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745371/microrna-194-inhibits-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammatory-response-in-nucleus-pulposus-cells-of-the-intervertebral-disc-by-targeting-tnf-receptor-associated-factor-6-traf6
#18
Lili Kong, Mingxiao Sun, Zhaofu Jiang, Liming Li, Bing Lu
BACKGROUND The dramatic increase of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is considered to be a major cause of discogenic low back pain. The current study focused on the regulatory function of microRNA-194 (miR-194) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS LPS was used to treat NP cells to induce inflammatory responses. MiRNA and gene expression were detected by quantitative PCR. Proteins and protein expression levels were detected by Western blot and ELISA kit...
May 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738833/emerging-concepts-in-the-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-clinical-care-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#19
REVIEW
Daria Lizneva, Tony Yuen, Li Sun, Se-Min Kim, Ihor Atabiekov, Lubna Bashir Munshi, Maria New, Mone Zaidi
Bone loss in women accelerates during perimenopause, and continues into old age. To-date, there has been little progress made in stratifying fracture risk in premenopausal and early postmenopausal women. Epidemiologic data suggests that changes in serum FSH could predict decrements in bone mass during peri- and postmenopause. In bone, FSH interacts with immune receptor complexes, increases the expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK), and stimulates osteoclast formation by releasing osteoclastogenic cytokines...
May 5, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737637/chitinase-3-like-protein-1-ameliorates-atherosclerotic-responses-via-ppar%C3%AE-mediated-suppression-of-inflammation-and-er-stress
#20
Tae Woo Jung, Hyung Sub Park, Geum Hee Choi, Daehwan Kim, Ji Hoon Jeong, Taeseung Lee
Chitinase 3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) is a novel biomarker of systemic inflammation. However, the effects of CHI3L1 on the progression of atherosclerosis remain to be explored. In the current study, we found that CHI3L1 induces peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARδ) expression, leading to a dose-dependent increase in oxygen-regulated protein 150 (ORP150) expression. We demonstrated that CHI3L1 suppresses atherosclerotic reactions caused by LPS treatment via a PPARδ-dependent pathway. Treatment of HUVECs and THP-1 cells with CHI3L1 suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNFα and MCP-1...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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