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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643399/distributed-health-literacy-among-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-portugal-defining-levels-of-awareness-and-support
#1
Liliana Abreu, João Arriscado Nunes, Peter Taylor, Susana Silva
This study embraces a patient-centred and narrative-oriented notion of health literacy, exploring how social networks and personal experiences constitute distributed health literacy (DHL) by mapping out health literacy mediators of each individual and how they enable self-management skills and knowledge of health conditions. Semi-structured interviews with 26 patients with type 2 diabetes were conducted in a Primary Care Center of Porto (Portugal) from October 2014 to December 2015. Data were collected based on McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640683/the-public-health-practitioner-of-the-future
#2
Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson
The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632931/iowa-model-of-evidence-based-practice-revisions-and-validation
#3
Kathleen C Buckwalter, Laura Cullen, Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ann Marie McCarthy, Barbara Rakel, Victoria Steelman, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Sharon Tucker
BACKGROUND: The Iowa Model is a widely used framework for the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP). Changes in health care (e.g., emergence of implementation science, emphasis on patient engagement) prompted the re-evaluation, revision, and validation of the model. METHODS: A systematic multi-step process was used capturing information from the literature and user feedback via an electronic survey and live work groups. The Iowa Model Collaborative critically assessed and synthesized information and recommendations before revising the model...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601323/readability-complexity-and-suitability-analysis-of-online-lymphedema-resources
#4
Bao Ngoc N Tran, Mansher Singh, Bernard T Lee, Rima Rudd, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Over 72% of Americans use online health information to assist in health care decision-making. Previous studies of lymphedema literature have focused only on reading level of patient-oriented materials online. Findings indicate they are too advanced for most patients to comprehend. This, more comprehensive study, expands the previous analysis to include critical elements of health materials beyond readability using assessment tools to report on the complexity and density of data as well as text design, vocabulary, and organization...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601133/assessment-and-management-of-toxidromes-in-the-critical-care-unit
#5
REVIEW
J J Rasimas, Courtney M Sinclair
The most important diagnostic factor in uncovering a toxic etiology for delirium or critical illness is the clinician's openness to the possibility of its existence. Therefore, a consulting psychiatrist, already prepared to perform the detail-oriented work of sorting out behavioral manifestations of disease, can be a vital asset at the bedside if also attuned to the role of purposeful, accidental, and iatrogenic exposures in the intensive care unit. This article summarizes the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of toxidromes relevant to the work of acute psychosomatic medicine...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601130/neurobehavioral-management-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-critical-care-setting-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Earl De Guzman, Andrea Ament
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force. TBI is a major cause of disability and mortality worldwide. Post-traumatic amnesia, or the interval from injury until the patient is oriented and able to form and later recall new memories, is an important index of TBI severity and functional outcome. This article will discuss the updates in the epidemiology, definition and classification, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of common acute neuropsychiatric sequelae of traumatic brain injury that the critical care specialist may encounter...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582994/which-primary-care-model-a-qualitative-analysis-of-ward-based-outreach-teams-in-south-africa
#7
Tessa S Marcus, Jannie Hugo, Champak C Jinabhai
Globally, models of extending universal health coverage through primary care are influenced by country-specific systems of health care and disease management. In 2015 a rapid assessment of the ward-based outreach component of primary care reengineering was commissioned to understand implementation and rollout challenges. AIM: This article aims to describe middle- and lower-level managers' understanding of ward-based outreach teams (WBOTs) and the problems of authority, jurisdiction and practical functioning that arise from the way the model is constructed and has been operationalised...
May 31, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555565/threat-of-shock-increases-excitability-and-connectivity-of-the-intraparietal-sulcus
#8
Nicholas L Balderston, Elizabeth Hale, Abigail Hsiung, Salvatore Torrisi, Tom Holroyd, Frederick W Carver, Richard Coppola, Monique Ernst, Christian Grillon
Anxiety disorders affect approximately 1 in 5 (18%) Americans within a given 1 year period, placing a substantial burden on the national health care system. Therefore, there is a critical need to understand the neural mechanisms mediating anxiety symptoms. We used unbiased, multimodal, data-driven, whole-brain measures of neural activity (magnetoencephalography) and connectivity (fMRI) to identify the regions of the brain that contribute most prominently to sustained anxiety. We report that a single brain region, the intraparietal sulcus (IPS), shows both elevated neural activity and global brain connectivity during threat...
May 30, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554932/the-role-of-academic-health-centres-in-building-equitable-health-systems-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Alexandra Edelman, Judy Taylor, Pavel V Ovseiko, Stephanie M Topp
INTRODUCTION: Academic health centres (AHCs) are complex organisations often defined by their 'tripartite' mission: to achieve high standards of clinical care, undertake clinical and laboratory research and educate health professionals. In the last decade, AHCs have moved away from what was a dominant focus on high impact (clinical) interventions for individuals, towards a more population-oriented paradigm requiring networked institutions and responsiveness to a range of issues including distribution of health outcomes and health determinants...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552003/-i-m-only-dealing-with-the-acute-issues-how-medical-ward-busyness-constrains-care-of-the-dying
#10
Lisa S Chan, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Franco A Carnevale, S Robin Cohen
Acute hospital units are a common location of death. Curative characteristics of the acute medical setting make it difficult to provide adequate palliative care; these characteristics include an orientation to life-prolonging treatment, an emphasis on routine or task-oriented care and a lack of priority on emotional engagement with patients. Indeed, research shows that dying patients in acute medical units often experience unmet needs at the end of life, including uncontrolled symptoms (e.g. pain, breathlessness), inadequate emotional support and poor communication...
May 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502219/towards-an-ethics-for-telehealth
#11
Carlo Botrugno
Over the last two decades, a public rationale for the implementation of telehealth has emerged at the interplay of specialised literature and political orientations. Despite the lack of consistent findings on the magnitude of its benefits, telehealth is nowadays presented as a worthy solution both for patients and healthcare institutions. Far from denying the potential advantages of telehealth, the main objective of this work is to provide a critical assessment on the spread of the remote services as a vector of positive transformation of contemporary health systems...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502218/recommendations-to-reduce-inequalities-for-lgbt-people-facing-advanced-illness-accesscare-national-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Katherine Bristowe, Matthew Hodson, Bee Wee, Kathryn Almack, Katherine Johnson, Barbara A Daveson, Jonathan Koffman, Linda McEnhill, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans (LGBT) people have higher risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and unmet needs in advanced illness and bereavement. ACCESSCare is the first national study to examine in depth the experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness. AIM: To explore health-care experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness to elicit views regarding sharing identity (sexual orientation/gender history), accessing services, discrimination/exclusion and best-practice examples...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497934/cerebral-autoregulation-monitoring-in-acute-traumatic-brain-injury-what-s-the-evidence
#13
Leanne A Calviello, Joseph Donnelly, Frederick A Zeiler, Eric P Thelin, Peter Smielewski, Marek Czosnyka
Cerebral autoregulation is conceptualized as a vascular self-regulatory mechanism within the brain. Controlled by elusive relationships between various biophysical processes, it functions to protect the brain against potential damages caused by sudden changes in cerebral perfusion pressures and flow. Following events such as traumatic brain injuries (TBI), autoregulation may be compromised, potentially leading to an unfavorable outcome. In spite of its complexity, autoregulation has been able to be quantified non-invasively within the neuro-critical care setting with the aid of transcranial Doppler...
May 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490416/development-and-assessment-of-an-e-learning-course-on-pediatric-cardiology-basics
#14
Ana Cristina Oliveira, Sandra Mattos, Miguel Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Early detection of congenital heart disease is a worldwide problem. This is more critical in developing countries, where shortage of professional specialists and structural health care problems are a constant. E-learning has the potential to improve capacity, by overcoming distance barriers and by its ability to adapt to the reduced time of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop an e-learning pediatric cardiology basics course and evaluate its pedagogical impact and user satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470745/-what-makes-an-excellent-mental-health-doctor-a-response-integrating-the-experiences-and-views-of-service-users-with-critical-reflections-of-psychiatrists
#15
Imani Gunasekara, Sue Patterson, James G Scott
While therapeutic relationships are appropriately recognised as the foundation of mental health service, service users commonly report suboptimal experiences. With shared understanding critical to improvement in practice, we explored service users' experiences and expectations of psychiatrists and consultations, engaging psychiatrists throughout the process. Using an iterative qualitative approach we co-produced a response to the question 'what makes an excellent mental health doctor?' Experiences and expectations of psychiatrists were explored in interviews with 22 service users...
May 3, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464935/provision-of-peer-specialist-services-in-va-patient-aligned-care-teams-protocol-for-testing-a-cluster-randomized-implementation-trial
#16
Matthew Chinman, Karin Daniels, Jeff Smith, Sharon McCarthy, Deborah Medoff, Amanda Peeples, Richard Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Over 1100 Veterans work in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as peer specialists (PSs). PSs are Veterans with formal training who provide support to other Veterans with similar diagnoses, primarily in mental health settings. A White House Executive Action mandated the pilot reassignment of VHA PSs from mental health to 25 primary care Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) in order to broaden the provision of wellness services that can address many chronic illnesses. An evaluation of this initiative was undertaken to assess the impact of outside assistance on the deployment of PS in PACT, as implementation support is often needed to prevent challenges commonly experienced when first deploying PSs in VHA settings...
May 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463077/rationale-and-design-of-the-recording-courses-of-vascular-diseases-registry-reccord-registry
#17
Nasser M Malyar, Jürgen Stausberg, Wulf D Ito, Heinz Kölble, Ralf Langhoff, Holger Lawall, Michael Lichtenberg, Jens Stegemann, Marcus Treitl, Norbert Weiss, Ulrich Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing worldwide. Revascularization procedures constitute a cornerstone of the therapy in PAD, not only in critical limb ischaemia but increasingly also in patients with intermittent claudication. The German Society of Angiology - Society for Vascular Medicine is establishing a nationwide, prospective, multicentre registry to address the lack of contemporary real life data regarding current practice of medical and interventional care in vascular patients and its subsequent long-term outcome...
May 2, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445441/mining-productive-associated-periodic-frequent-patterns-in-body-sensor-data-for-smart-home-care
#18
Walaa N Ismail, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan
The understanding of various health-oriented vital sign data generated from body sensor networks (BSNs) and discovery of the associations between the generated parameters is an important task that may assist and promote important decision making in healthcare. For example, in a smart home scenario where occupants' health status is continuously monitored remotely, it is essential to provide the required assistance when an unusual or critical situation is detected in their vital sign data. In this paper, we present an efficient approach for mining the periodic patterns obtained from BSN data...
April 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#19
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388258/cognitive-continuum-theory-in-interprofessional-healthcare-a-critical-analysis
#20
Michelle Parker-Tomlin, Mark Boschen, Shirley Morrissey, Ian Glendon
Effective clinical decision making is among the most important skills required by healthcare practitioners. Making sound decisions while working collaboratively in interprofessional healthcare teams is essential for modern healthcare planning, successful interventions, and patient care. The cognitive continuum theory (CCT) is a model of human judgement and decision making aimed at orienting decision-making processes. CCT has the potential to improve both individual health practitioner, and interprofessional team understanding about, and communication of, clinical decision-making processes...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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