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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066938/effect-of-gender-and-exercise-on-haematological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-holsteiner-horses
#1
A Andriichuk, H Tkachenko
The objective of this study was to assess the influence of exercise of average intensity in the haematological and biochemical values, as well as acidic resistance of erythrocytes in mares and stallions of Holsteiner breed. A total of seventeen horses of Holstein breed (seven mares and 10 stallions aged 6 years) were used in this study. The blood samples were assessed for haematocrit (HCT) value, haemoglobin concentration (HGB), the amount of red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (PLT), leucogram, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), red cell distribution width (RDW) and platelet distribution width (PDW)...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066936/intestinal-ascariasis-detected-by-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#2
Rintaro Hashimoto, Tomoki Matsuda
A 69-year-old woman with no significant medical history presented with abdominal pain and frequent vomiting. Laboratory investigation revealed microcytic anemia (hemoglobin 10.1 mg/dL, mean corpuscular volume 79 fL). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed small bowel obstruction. Her symptoms were relieved after transnasal ileus tube insertion. The tube was removed four days later. She remained asymptomatic after she resumed eating. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy showed no abnormal findings...
January 9, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062363/governing-roles-for-trib3-pseudokinase-during-stress-erythropoiesis
#3
Arvind Dev, Ruth Asch, Edward Jachimowicz, Nicole Rainville, Ashley Johnson, Emily Greenfest-Allen, Don M Wojchowski
In response to anemia, the heightened production of erythropoietin (EPO) can sharply promote erythroid progenitor cell (EPC) formation. Specific mediators of such EPO- accelerated erythropoiesis, however, are not well understood. Presently, we first report that the expression of Trib3 in adult bone marrow EPCs in vivo is nominal at steady state, but strongly activated upon EPO challenge. In a knockout mouse model, Trib3 disruption modestly decreased steady-state erythrocyte numbers, and increased mean corpuscular volume...
January 3, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059271/lossless-and-lossy-compression-of-quantitative-phase-images-of-red-blood-cells-obtained-by-digital-holographic-imaging
#4
Keyvan Jaferzadeh, Samaneh Gholami, Inkyu Moon
In this paper, we evaluate lossless and lossy compression techniques to compress quantitative phase images of red blood cells (RBCs) obtained by an off-axis digital holographic microscopy (DHM). The RBC phase images are numerically reconstructed from their digital holograms and are stored in 16-bit unsigned integer format. In the case of lossless compression, predictive coding of JPEG lossless (JPEG-LS), JPEG2000, and JP3D are evaluated, and compression ratio (CR) and complexity (compression time) are compared against each other...
December 20, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054922/evaluating-the-use-of-hematological-parameters-in-staging-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#5
Necdet Fatih Yaşar, Mustafa Ufuk Uylas, Mustafa Baspinar, Hakan Sarsilmaz, Ersin Ates, Serdar Erkasap, Adnan Sahin
INTRODUCTION: Recently, it has been shown that hematological parameters may be used as markers of inflammatory response. In this study, the authors aimed to identify the potential roles of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and other hematological markers in the evaluation of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a chronic, recurrent inflammatory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients, diagnosed with HS between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014, were categorized into 3 groups according to the Hurley staging system...
December 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053618/changes-of-hematological-references-depends-on-storage-period-and-temperature-conditions-in-rats-and-dogs
#6
Jung-Min Lee, Jin Seok Kang
Because changes in rat and dog hematological parameters according to storage conditions have been poorly documented, we sought to examine such changes. Blood analysis was performed using two hematology analyzers (ADVIA 2120i and Sysmex XN-V) after storage at room temperature and in cold storage for 5, 24, and 48 h, respectively. Interassay coefficients of variation for hematological parameters analyzed with the ADVIA 2120i and the XN-V showed similar. The levels of hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and platelet (PLT) showed significant variations with time in blood samples of rats and dogs...
December 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052754/the-burden-of-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#7
I-Ting Tsai, Chao-Ping Wang, Yung-Chuan Lu, Wei-Chin Hung, Cheng-Ching Wu, Li-Fen Lu, Fu-Mei Chung, Chia-Chang Hsu, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Teng-Hung Yu
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of cardiovascular disease are at high risk of developing secondary major adverse cardiac events (MACE). This study aimed to identify independent predictors of MACE after hospital admission which could be used to identify of high-risk patients who may benefit from preventive strategies. METHODS: This study included 1,520 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (654 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 866 with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients) who received PCI and/or stenting...
January 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042234/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
REVIEW
Victoria Mücke, Marcus M Mücke, Tim Raine, Dominik Bettenworth
Anemia represents one of the most frequent complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and severely impairs the quality of life of affected patients. The etiology of anemia in IBD patients can be multifactorial, often involving a combination of iron deficiency (ID) and anemia of chronic disease (ACD). Although current guidelines recommend screening for and treatment of anemia in IBD patients, current observational data suggest that it still remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Besides basic laboratory parameters (e...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040062/influences-of-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-haematologic-and-immunologic-changes-in-rainbow-trout-milked-regularly
#9
M E Yonar, K Koprucu
In this study, it was examined the effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acids on the haematocrit (Ht), haemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), total protein (TP) and total immunoglobulin (TI) values, erythrocyte (RBC) and leucocyte (WBC) counts, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), phagocytic index (PI) and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) activity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) milked regularly. For this aim, one control and two experimental diets were prepared as isonitrogenous and isocaloric...
November 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017375/genome-wide-trans-ethnic-meta-analysis-identifies-seven-genetic-loci-influencing-erythrocyte-traits-and-a-role-for-rbpms-in-erythropoiesis
#10
Frank J A van Rooij, Rehan Qayyum, Albert V Smith, Yi Zhou, Stella Trompet, Toshiko Tanaka, Margaux F Keller, Li-Ching Chang, Helena Schmidt, Min-Lee Yang, Ming-Huei Chen, James Hayes, Andrew D Johnson, Lisa R Yanek, Christian Mueller, Leslie Lange, James S Floyd, Mohsen Ghanbari, Alan B Zonderman, J Wouter Jukema, Albert Hofman, Cornelia M van Duijn, Karl C Desch, Yasaman Saba, Ayse B Ozel, Beverly M Snively, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Reinhold Schmidt, Myriam Fornage, Robert J Klein, Caroline S Fox, Koichi Matsuda, Naoyuki Kamatani, Philipp S Wild, David J Stott, Ian Ford, P Eline Slagboom, Jaden Yang, Audrey Y Chu, Amy J Lambert, André G Uitterlinden, Oscar H Franco, Edith Hofer, David Ginsburg, Bella Hu, Brendan Keating, Ursula M Schick, Jennifer A Brody, Jun Z Li, Zhao Chen, Tanja Zeller, Jack M Guralnik, Daniel I Chasman, Luanne L Peters, Michiaki Kubo, Diane M Becker, Jin Li, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Jerome I Rotter, Daniel Levy, Vera Grossmann, Kushang V Patel, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Paul M Ridker, Hua Tang, Lenore J Launer, Kenneth M Rice, Ruifang Li-Gao, Luigi Ferrucci, Michelle K Evans, Avik Choudhuri, Eirini Trompouki, Brian J Abraham, Song Yang, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoichiro Kamatani, Charles Kooperberg, Tamara B Harris, Sun Ha Jee, Josef Coresh, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Dan L Longo, Yuan-Tsong Chen, Janine F Felix, Qiong Yang, Bruce M Psaty, Eric Boerwinkle, Lewis C Becker, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, James G Wilson, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christopher J O'Donnell, Abbas Dehghan, L Adrienne Cupples, Michael A Nalls, Andrew P Morris, Yukinori Okada, Alexander P Reiner, Leonard I Zon, Santhi K Ganesh
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified loci for erythrocyte traits in primarily European ancestry populations. We conducted GWAS meta-analyses of six erythrocyte traits in 71,638 individuals from European, East Asian, and African ancestries using a Bayesian approach to account for heterogeneity in allelic effects and variation in the structure of linkage disequilibrium between ethnicities. We identified seven loci for erythrocyte traits including a locus (RBPMS/GTF2E2) associated with mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular volume...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002519/correlations-between-endothelial-cell-markers-cd31-cd34-and-cd105-in-colorectal-carcinoma
#11
Ionela Cristina Deliu, Carmen Daniela Neagoe, Marinela Beznă, Amelia Valentina Genunche-Dumitrescu, Sebastian Constantin Toma, Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Constantin Daniel Uscatu, Maria Cristina Beznă, Cristian Virgil Lungulescu, Vlad Pădureanu, Dan IonuŢ Gheonea, Tudorel Ciurea, Maria ForŢofoiu
PURPOSE: Colorectal carcinoma is an important cause of mortality worldwide. The fact that tumor growth is dependent on angiogenesis has supported researches for new prognostic parameters and the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Accordingly, we sought to evaluate angiogenesis quantitatively by assessing microvessel density in colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The blood vessels stained with CD31, CD34 and CD105 were counted, and we reported their number per square millimeter in order to obtain microvascular density (MVD)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998390/cut-off-values-of-diagnostic-indices-to-detect-iron-deficiency-in-chinese-breast-fed-infants
#12
Qin Wu, Jie Ren, Li Chen Yang, Jie Liu, Jun Wei, Wei Zhang, Na Li, Yue Jiao Wang, Li Huang Yan, Jian Rong Ma, Xiao Guang Yang
Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide. The commonly used cut-off values for identifying iron deficiency are extrapolated from older children and may not be suitable for infants. Therefore, our study aimed to establish appropriate cut-off values for the evaluation of iron status in Chinese infants. Pregnant women who delivered at ⋝37 gestational weeks with normal iron status were recruited. Later, infants with normal birth weight and who were breastfed in the first 4 months were selected...
November 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993099/propiscin-a-safe-anaesthetic-for-pikeperch-sander-lucioperca-l
#13
Maciej Rożyński, Elżbieta Ziomek, Krystyna Demska-Zakęś, Agata Kowalska, Zdzisław Zakęś
The aim of this work was to determine the impact of etomidate (Propiscin) dose (1 and 2 ml l(-1)) and exposure time (2 and 10 min) on the biochemical and haematological parameters of juvenile pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) [mean body length (Lc) 25.9 cm; body weight (W) 189.9 g] that were reared in a recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Significant changes in the mean values of total protein, globulin, calcium, magnesium, and ammonia were noted in all groups immediately following exposure. The greatest changes in the haematological indicators were observed in groups subjected to 10-min exposure at both doses of the anaesthetic...
December 2016: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951739/phytochemical-antioxidant-and-protective-effect-of-cactus-cladodes-extract-against-lithium-induced-liver-injury-in-rats
#14
Anouar Ben Saad, Brahmi Dalel, Ilhem Rjeibi, Amani Smida, Sana Ncib, Nacim Zouari, Lazhar Zourgui
CONTEXT: Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (Castaceae) (cactus) is used in Tunisian medicine for the treatment of various diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study determines phytochemical composition of cactus cladode extract (CCE). It also investigates antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective potential of CCE against lithium carbonate (Li2CO3)-induced liver injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar male rats were divided into four groups of six each: a control group given distilled water (0...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942549/topical-olive-leaf-extract-improves-healing-of-oral-mucositis-in-golden-hamsters
#15
Najmeh Showraki, Maryam Mardani, Masoumeh Emamghoreishi, Azadeh Andishe-Tadbir, Alireza Aram, Peiman Mehriar, Mahmoud Omidi, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Omid Koohi-Hosseinabadi, Nader Tanideh
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Oral mucositis (OM) is a common side effect of anti-cancer drugs and needs significant attention for its prevention. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the healing effects of olive leaf extract on 5-fluorouracil-induced OM in golden hamster. MATERIALS AND METHOD: OM was induced in 63 male golden hamsters by the combination of 5-fluorouracil injections (days 0, 5 and 10) and the abrasion of the cheek pouch (days 3 and 4)...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941710/could-heterozygous-beta-thalassemia-provide-protection-against-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Mehmet Ali Cikrikcioglu, Muhammed Emin Ozcan, Gulistan Halac, Ilhami Gultepe, Kenan Celik, Yahya Sekin, Elif Ece Eser, Sebnem Burhan, Guven Cetin, Omer Uysal
BACKGROUND Heterozygous beta thalassemia (HBT) has been proposed to increase the risk of developing autoimmune disease. Our aim in this study was to examine the prevalence of HBT among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS HBT frequency was investigated in our MS group (243 patients with MS). Hemoglobin electrophoresis (HE) was carried out if MS patients had a mean corpuscular volume of (MCV) <80 fL and a mean corpuscular hemoglobin level of (MCH) <27 pg/L according to a complete blood count (CBC)...
December 11, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938595/-two-cases-with-generalized-intracranial-calcification-due-to-hereditary-folate-malabsorption-and-literature-review
#17
Y Zhang, Q Wang, D X Li, Y P Liu, J Q Song, M Q Li, Y P Qin, Y L Yang
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical, biochemical and genetic features of two Chinese children with hereditary folate malabsorption. Method: Clinical features, laboratory examinations, treatment and SLC46A1 gene of two cases were studied. Reports on hereditary folate malabsorption utill September of 2016 were searched and the clinical and genetic characteristics of reported cases were summarized. Result: The two patients presented with megaloblastic anemia from their infant period and seizures, psychomotor retardation and regression...
December 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925507/haematopoietic-effects-of-angelica-sinensis-root-cap-polysaccharides-against-lisinopril-induced-anaemia-in-albino-rats
#18
Fryal Younas, Bilal Aslam, Faqir Muhammad, Mashkoor Mohsin, Ahmad Raza, Muhammad Naeem Faisal, Shamshud-Ul- Hassan, Wafa Majeed
CONTEXT: Angelica sinensis L. (Umbelliferae) has medicinal properties. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluates the haematopoietic effects of A. sinensis polysaccharides (ASP) against lisinopril-induced anaemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty healthy adult male albino rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 6). Group I was control group. Group II was treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI, 20 mg/kg/day) to induce anaemia...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916048/-the-impact-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-on-outcome-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-non-anemia-patients
#19
X M Liu, J Z Dong, X H Liu, J P Kang, T Y Luo, Y Guan, T Y Dai, Y Zhang, R Bai, X Du, C S Ma
Objective: Previous studies have revealed that the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was associated with long-term prognosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, they did not exclude patients with anemia. This study, thus, investigated the association between RDW and prognosis in non-anemia patients. Methods: A total of 2 732 patients underwent elective PCI from July 2009 to September 2011 were enrolled in the study. These patients were divided into two groups based on their baseline median RDW levels: low RDW group (RDW<12...
December 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914996/long-term-organic-selenium-supplementation-overcomes-the-trade-off-between-immune-and-antioxidant-systems-in-pacu-piaractus-mesopotamicus
#20
Leonardo Susumu Takahashi, Jaqueline Dalbello Biller-Takahashi, Cleber Fernando Menegasso Mansano, Elisabeth Criscuolo Urbinati, Rodrigo Yukihiro Gimbo, Marcos Vinícius Saita
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for antioxidant defenses in fish because of its role in preventing immunosuppression caused by oxidative stress. In this study it was demonstrated the relation between the oxidative stress and immune status after a long Se supplementation period, as a result of the evaluation of immunological, hematological and antioxidant responses, as well as growth performance of pacu fed diets supplemented with different concentrations of organic selenium (0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.8 mg Se-yeast/kg, but the final analyzed selenium concentrations were 0...
November 30, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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