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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750825/cyclamen-europaeum-extract-for-acute-sinusitis
#1
REVIEW
Anca Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Ankur Barua, Barak Pertzov
BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is a common reason for primary care encounters. It causes significant symptoms including facial pain, congested nose, headache, thick nasal mucus, fever, and cough and often results in time off work or school. Sinusitis treatment focuses on eliminating causative factors and controlling the inflammatory and infectious components. The frozen, dried, natural fluid extract of the Cyclamen europaeum plant delivered intranasally is thought to have beneficial effects in relieving congestion by facilitating nasal drainage, and has an anti-inflammatory effect...
May 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725753/availability-and-feasibility-of-structured-routine-collection-of-comorbidity-data-in-a-colorectal-cancer-multi-disciplinary-team-mdt-setting
#2
A A Abukar, A Ramsanahie, K Martin-Lumbard, E R Herrington, V Winslow, S Wong, S Ahmed, M A Thaha
PURPOSE: Availability of comorbidity assessment at multi-disciplinary team (MDT) discussions is cornerstone in making the MDT process more robust and decisive in optimising treatment and improving quality of survivorship. Comorbidity assessments using tools, such as the ACE-27 questionnaire would aid in optimising the decision-making process at MDTs so that treatment decisions can be made without delay. This study determined the availability of comorbidity data in a CRC MDT and the feasibility of routine comorbidity data collection using the validated ACE-27 questionnaire...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658767/quality-indicators-in-colonoscopy-the-colonoscopy-procedure
#3
Antonio Sánchez Del Río, Shirley Pérez Romero, Julio López-Picazo, Fernando Alberca de Las Parras, Javier Júdez, Joaquín León Molina
The aim of the project this paper is part of was to propose quality and safety procedures and indicators to facilitate quality improvement in digestive endoscopy units. In this second issue, procedures and indicators are suggested regarding colonoscopy. First, a diagram charting the previous and subsequent steps of colonoscopy was designed. A group of experts in health care quality and/or endoscopy, under the auspices of the Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva (SEPD), performed a qualitative review of the literature regarding colonoscopy-related quality indicators...
April 16, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626844/self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-are-unchanged-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
K N Adams, T A Schuman, C S Ebert, W You, M O Tomoum, B A Senior
BACKGROUND: Prior research has established that anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Score (HADS), are strongly correlated with disease-specific quality of life (Rhinosinusitis Disability Index - RSDI) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We hypothesized that anxiety and depression would decrease after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), and furthermore that HADS would predict improvement in RSDI following surgery. METHODOLOGY: The study cohort from 2014 consisted of 99 CRS patients who underwent nasal endoscopy, RSDI, and HADS evaluation...
April 8, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582703/upper-airway-stimulation-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-5-year-outcomes
#5
B Tucker Woodson, Kingman P Strohl, Ryan J Soose, M Boyd Gillespie, Joachim T Maurer, Nico de Vries, Tapan A Padhya, M Safwan Badr, Ho-Sheng Lin, Olivier M Vanderveken, Sam Mickelson, Patrick J Strollo
Objective To present 5-year outcomes from a prospective cohort of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who were treated with upper airway stimulation (UAS) via a unilateral hypoglossal nerve implant. Study Design A multicenter prospective cohort study. Setting Industry-supported multicenter academic and clinical trial. Methods From a cohort of 126 patients, 97 completed protocol, and 71 consented to a voluntary polysomnogram. Those having continuous positive airway pressure failure with moderate to severe OSA, body mass index <32 kg/m2 , and no unfavorable collapse on drug-induced sleep endoscopy were enrolled in a phase 3 trial...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549453/a-modified-nissen-fundoplication-subjective-and-objective-midterm-results
#6
Sabrina Rampado, Edoardo Savarino, Angelica Ganss, Giulia Pozza, Romeo Bardini
PURPOSE: The failure rate of laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is approximately 10-20%. The aim of our prospective study was to investigate whether a modified Nissen fundoplication (MNF) can improve reflux symptoms and prevent surgical treatment failure in the midterm. METHODS: The MNF consisted of (1) suturing the esophagus to the diaphragmatic crura on each side using four non-absorbable stitches, (2) reinforcing clearly weak crura with a tailored Ultrapro mesh, and (3) fixing the upper stitch of the valve to the diaphragm...
March 17, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549437/treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-the-pediatric-patient-an-evidence-based-approach
#7
REVIEW
Mery Munoz-Persy, Alfredo J Lucendo
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a unique form of non-IgE-mediated food allergy characterized by esophageal eosinophilic infiltration that commonly causes dysphagia and food impaction in children and adolescents. Assessing the efficacy of dietary restrictions or drug therapies to achieve clinical and histologic resolution of EoE through randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has resulted in new evidence-based guidelines. Avoiding food triggers is the only therapy targeting the cause of the disease...
March 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538683/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-pilot-study-of-cannabidiol-rich-botanical-extract-in-the-symptomatic-treatment-of-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Peter M Irving, Tariq Iqbal, Chuka Nwokolo, Sreedhar Subramanian, Stuart Bloom, Neeraj Prasad, Ailsa Hart, Charles Murray, James O Lindsay, Adam Taylor, Rachel Barron, Stephen Wright
Background: Cannabidiol (CBD) exhibits anti-inflammatory properties that could improve disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. This proof-of-concept study assessed efficacy, safety and tolerability of CBD-rich botanical extract in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Methods: Patients aged 18 years or older, with left-sided or extensive UC, Mayo scores of 4-10 (endoscopy scores ≥1), and on stable 5-aminosalicylic acid dosing, were randomized to 10-weeks' CBD-rich botanical extract or placebo capsules...
March 10, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531465/quality-indicators-in-pediatric-colonoscopy-in-a-low-volume-center-implications-for-training
#9
Way-Seah Lee, Chun-Wei Tee, Zhong-Lin Koay, Tat-Seng Wong, Fatimah Zahraq, Hee-Wei Foo, Sik-Yong Ong, Shin-Yee Wong, Ruey-Terng Ng
AIM: To study implications of measuring quality indicators on training and trainees' performance in pediatric colonoscopy in a low-volume training center. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the performance of pediatric colonoscopies in a training center in Malaysia over 5 years (January 2010-December 2015), benchmarked against five quality indicators: appropriateness of indications, bowel preparations, cecum and ileal examination rates, and complications. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guideline for pediatric endoscopy and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition training guidelines were used as benchmarks...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529913/smartphone-assisted-minimally-invasive-neurosurgery
#10
Mauricio Mandel, Carlo Emanuel Petito, Rafael Tutihashi, Wellingson Paiva, Suzana Abramovicz Mandel, Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo
OBJECTIVE Advances in video and fiber optics since the 1990s have led to the development of several commercially available high-definition neuroendoscopes. This technological improvement, however, has been surpassed by the smartphone revolution. With the increasing integration of smartphone technology into medical care, the introduction of these high-quality computerized communication devices with built-in digital cameras offers new possibilities in neuroendoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of smartphone-endoscope integration in performing different types of minimally invasive neurosurgery...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526236/efficacy-and-safety-of-amla-phyllanthus-emblica-l-in-non-erosive-reflux-disease-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Shahnaz Karkon Varnosfaderani, Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Gholamreza Amin, Mahbubeh Bozorgi, Ghazaleh Heydarirad, Esmaeil Nazem, Mohsen Nasiri Toosi, Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints. GERD, caused by the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus, leads to troublesome symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation. It is classified into two types: erosive esophagitis, characterized by visible esophageal mucosa erosion in endoscopy, and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). GERD is a chronic and recurrent disease that impairs the quality of life and imposes socioeconomic and therapeutic burdens to both patients and society...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484554/diagnostic-evaluation-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-using-indocyanine-green-and-infrared-or-fluorescent-imaging-in-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Skubleny, Jerry T Dang, Samuel Skulsky, Noah Switzer, Chunhong Tian, Xinzhe Shi, Christopher de Gara, Daniel W Birch, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) for gastric cancer using infrared visualization of indocyanine green (ICG) is intriguing because it may limit operative morbidity. We are the first to systematically review and perform meta-analysis on the diagnostic utility of ICG and infrared electronic endoscopy (IREE) or near infrared fluorescent imaging (NIFI) for SNNS exclusively in gastric cancer. METHODS: A search of electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library using search terms "gastric/stomach" AND "tumor/carcinoma/cancer/neoplasm/adenocarcinoma/malignancy" AND "indocyanine green" was completed in May 2017...
February 26, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476847/a-randomized-trial-of-single-versus-double-high-level-disinfection-of-duodenoscopes-and-linear-echoendoscopes-using-standard-automated-reprocessing
#13
Rebecca L Bartles, James E Leggett, Shannan Hove, Catherine D Kashork, Lian Wang, Margret Oethinger, Lynda Baxter, Jack J Brandabur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In a pilot study, we demonstrated that current guidelines for duodenoscope and linear echoendoscope (DLE) reprocessing using a single cycle of high-level disinfection (HLD) in an automated reprocessor may be inadequate. In August 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration offered double HLD as a possible response to address this concern. As a result, Providence Health and Services adopted double HLD as standard procedure for DLEs, but no rigorous clinical studies supported this practice...
February 21, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465248/quality-of-sedation-with-propofol-administered-by-non-anesthetists-in-a-digestive-endoscopy-unit-the-results-of-a-one-year-experience
#14
Cristina López Muñoz, Andrés Sánchez Yagüe, Jose Carlos Canca Sánchez, José Antonio Reinaldo-Lapuerta, Ana Belén Moya Suárez
INTRODUCTION: research has shown that an endoscopist-nurse clinical team can perform sedation with propofol effectively, safely and efficiently. To do so, it is essential to provide specific and appropriate training in the necessary skills. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the quality of the sedation procedure administered by non-anesthetists in a digestive endoscopy unit, one year after its introduction. METHODS: a prospective cohort study was performed in patients given propofol sedation by non-anesthetists...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462601/novel-developments-in-endoscopic-mucosal-imaging
#15
Fons van der Sommen, Wouter L Curvers, Wouter B Nagengast
Endoscopic techniques such as high-definition and optical-chromoendoscopy have had enormous impact on endoscopy practice. Since these techniques allow assessment of most subtle morphological mucosal abnormalities, further improvements in endoscopic practice lay in increasing the detection efficacy of endoscopists. Several new developments could assist in this. First, web based training tools could improve the skills of the endoscopist for enhancing the detection and classification of lesions. Secondly, incorporation of computer aided detection will be the next step to raise endoscopic quality of the captured data...
May 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456410/split-dose-bowel-preparation-improves-adequacy-of-bowel-preparation-and-gastroenterologists-adherence-to-national-colorectal-cancer-screening-and-surveillance-guidelines
#16
Stacy Bartnik Menees, H Myra Kim, Philip Schoenfeld
AIM: To quantify the impact of split-dose regimen on endoscopists' compliance with guideline recommendations for timing of repeat colonoscopy in patients with normal colonoscopy or 1-2 small polyps (< 10 mm). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all endoscopy reports was undertaken in average-risk individuals > 50 years old with a normal screening colonoscopy and 1-2 small polyps. Data were abstracted from two time periods, pre and post-split-dose bowel preparation institution...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447326/prospective-study-on-the-outcome-of-the-sphenoid-drill-out-procedure
#17
T Van Zele, B Pauwels, F Dewaele, P Gevaert, C Bachert
BACKGROUND: Chronic sphenoid sinusitis refractory to both medical therapy and sphenoidotomy requires a more extended intervention based on the principles of salvage surgery. Our aim is to describe the sphenoid drill out technique as a sphenoid salvage intervention and to outline its implications on clinical outcome and quality of life. METHODOLOGY: 12 patients with chronic sphenoiditis undergoing a sphenoid drill out procedure were examined by nasal endoscopy preoperatively and postoperatively for one year...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423552/laparoscopic-management-of-large-hiatal-hernia-mesh-method-with-the-use-of-progrip-mesh-versus-standard-crural-repair
#18
V V Ilyashenko, Viktor V Grubnyk, V V Grubnik
BACKGROUND: Primary repair of large hiatal hernia is associated with a high recurrence rate. The use of mesh can lead to a reduce of recurrence rate. Despite this reduction, the type of mesh used and the placement technique are controversial. In our study, we used a new type of non-absorbable, self-fixating mesh to reinforce the cruroplasty. The aim of the present study was to compare the long-term results of laparoscopic treatment of large hiatal hernia with mesh reinforcement versus simple crura repair...
February 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422797/quality-is-the-key-for-emerging-issues-of-population-based-colonoscopy-screening
#19
REVIEW
Jin Young Yoon, Jae Myung Cha, Yoon Tae Jeen
Colonoscopy is currently regarded as the gold standard and preferred method of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the benefit of colonoscopy screening may be blunted by low participation rates in population-based screening programs. Harmful effects of population-based colonoscopy screening may include complications induced by colonoscopy itself and by sedation, psychosocial distress, potential over-diagnosis, and socioeconomic burden. In addition, harmful effects of colonoscopy may increase with age and comorbidities...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409469/neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-plus-surgery-versus-active-surveillance-for-oesophageal-cancer-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#20
Bo Jan Noordman, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Jurjen J Boonstra, Peter Paul L O Coene, Jan Willem T Dekker, Michael Doukas, Ate van der Gaast, Joos Heisterkamp, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Jean-Pierre E N Pierie, Camiel Rosman, Johanna W van Sandick, Maurice J C van der Sangen, Meindert N Sosef, Manon C W Spaander, Roelf Valkema, Edwin S van der Zaag, Ewout W Steyerberg, J Jan B van Lanschot
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) plus surgery is a standard treatment for locally advanced oesophageal cancer. With this treatment, 29% of patients have a pathologically complete response in the resection specimen. This provides the rationale for investigating an active surveillance approach. The aim of this study is to assess the (cost-)effectiveness of active surveillance vs. standard oesophagectomy after nCRT for oesophageal cancer. METHODS: This is a phase-III multi-centre, stepped-wedge cluster randomised controlled trial...
February 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
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