Read by QxMD icon Read


Amanda C Garfinkel, Jonathan G Seidman, Christine E Seidman
Sarcomere cardiomyopathies are genetic diseases that perturb contractile function and lead to hypertrophic or dilated myocardial remodeling. Identification of preclinical mutation carriers has yielded insights into the earliest biomechanical defects that link pathogenic variants to cardiac dysfunction. Understanding this early molecular pathophysiology can illuminate modifiable pathways to reduce the emergence of overt cardiomyopathy and curb adverse outcomes. Here, the authors review current understandings of how human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy- and hypertrophic dilated cardiomyopathy-linked mutations disrupt the normal structure and function of the sarcomere...
April 2018: Heart Failure Clinics
Filippo Pieralli, Vieri Vannucchi, Giulia De Marzi, Antonio Mancini, Francesca Bacci, Ombretta Para, Carlo Nozzoli, Marco Falcone
To evaluate the role of performance status evaluated by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score in predicting 30-day mortality in subjects hospitalized for community acquired pneumonia (CAP), this was a prospective study of patients consecutively hospitalized for CAP at a large University Hospital in Italy. Performance status was evaluated using the ECOG score that in a 0-5 point scale indicates progressive functional deterioration. The end-point of the study is the 30-day mortality. Two-hundred-sixteen patients were enrolled, 75...
March 9, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Sean P Cornillie, Benjamin J Bruno, Carol S Lim, Thomas E Cheatham
The oncogenic gene product Bcr-Abl is the principal cause of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and though several therapies exist to curb the aberrant kinase activity of Bcr-Abl through targeting of the Abl kinase domain, these therapies are rendered ineffective by frequent mutations in the corresponding gene. It has been demonstrated that a designed protein known as CCmut3 is able to produce a dominant negative inactivating effect on Bcr-Abl kinase by preferentially oligomerizing with the N-terminal coiled-coil oligomerization domain of Bcr-Abl (Bcr-CC) to effectively reduce the oncogenic potential of Bcr-Abl...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Stephan F Miedl, Jens Blechert, Adrian Meule, Anna Richard, Frank H Wilhelm
Chocolate is the most often craved food in Western societies and many individuals try to resist its temptation due to weight concerns. Suppressing chocolate-related thoughts might, however, lead to paradoxical enhancements of these thoughts and this effect might be more pronounced in individuals with frequent chocolate cravings. In the current study, neural and cognitive correlates of chocolate thought suppression were investigated as a function of trait chocolate craving. Specifically, 20 high and 20 low trait chocolate cravers followed suppression vs...
March 5, 2018: Appetite
Almesh Kadakol, Vajir Malek, Santosh Kumar Goru, Anuradha Pandey, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
OBJECTIVES: Although cardioprotective effects of telmisartan are well explored, its effects on epigenetic alterations associated with type 2 diabetic (T2D) cardiomyopathy remain unmapped. Thus, the present study was designed to evaluate the potential of esculetin and telmisartan combination to reverse histone posttranslational modifications (PTMs) in curbing T2D cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T2D was induced by high-fat diet feeding along with low dose of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg, I...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Xian Wang, Shaolei Ma, Haibo Wu, Xiaofeng Shen, Shiqin Xu, Xirong Guo, Maria L Bolick, Shizheng Wu, Fuzhou Wang
Our previous works disclosed the contributing role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and dopaminergic inhibition by lysine dimethyltransferase G9a/Glp complex in peripheral nerve injury-induced hypersensitivity. We herein propose that the proinflammatory cytokine MIF participates in the regulation of neuropathic hypersensitivity by interacting with and suppressing the descending dopaminergic system. The lumbar spinal cord (L-SC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) are two major locations with significant upregulation of MIF after chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve, and they display time-dependent changes, along with a behavioral trajectory...
February 16, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Lawton R Burns, Mark V Pauly
Policy Points: Policymakers seek to transform the US health care system along two dimensions simultaneously: alternative payment models and new models of provider organization. This transformation is supposed to transfer risk to providers and make them more accountable for health care costs and quality. The transformation in payment and provider organization is neither happening quickly nor shifting risk to providers. The impact on health care cost and quality is also weak or nonexistent. In the longer run, decision makers should be prepared to accept the limits on transformation and carefully consider whether to advocate solutions not yet supported by evidence...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
George Rhoderick, Michael Edwin Kelley, Walter R Miller, James E Norris, Jennifer Carney, Lyn Gameson, Christina Cecelski, Kimberly Harris, Cassie Goodman, Abneesh Srivastava, Joseph T Hodges
There are many gas phase compounds present in the atmosphere that effect and influence the earth's climate. These compounds absorb and emit radiation, a process which is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The major greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. Some halocarbons are also strong greenhouse gases and are linked to stratospheric ozone depletion. Hydrocarbons and monoterpenes are precursors and contributors to atmospheric photochemical processes which leads to the formation of particulates and secondary photo oxidants such as ozone leading to photochemical smog...
March 2, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Yu-Chin Koo, Jung-Su Chang, Yi Chun Chen
Composition claim, nutrition claim and health claim are often found on the commercial complementary food packaging. The introduction of complementary foods (CFs) to infants is a turning point in the development of their eating behavior, and their commercial use for Taiwanese infants is growing. In Taiwan, lots of the advertisements for CFs employed health or nutrition claims to promote the products, but the actual nutritional content of these CFs is not clear. The aim of this study was to compare the food claims of commercial complementary food products with their actual nutrition facts...
2018: PloS One
Kim Andersson, Miriam Otoo, Marcelo Nolasco
Globally, more than 60% of the human population live without safely managed sanitation services or even lack access to basic sanitation facilities. In addition, most of the wastewater produced in the world is discharged without proper treatment. Integrated approaches are needed to address these issues and curb the resulting adverse impacts on public health and the environment, and associated societal economic losses. The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides an important framework towards more sustainable sanitation development, in terms of both safe sanitation access and wastewater management...
February 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Kathrin Garschall, Thomas Flatt
Here, we provide a brief review of the mechanistic connections between immunity and aging-a fundamental biological relationship that remains poorly understood-by considering two intertwined questions: how does aging affect immunity, and how does immunity affect aging? On the one hand, aging contributes to the deterioration of immune function and predisposes the organism to infections ("immuno-senescence"). On the other hand, excessive activation of the immune system can accelerate degenerative processes, cause inflammation and immunopathology, and thus promote aging ("inflammaging")...
2018: F1000Research
Emma E McGinty, Elizabeth A Stuart, G Caleb Alexander, Colleen L Barry, Mark C Bicket, Lainie Rutkow
BACKGROUND: The U.S. opioid epidemic has been driven by the high volume of opioids prescribed by healthcare providers. U.S. states have recently enacted four types of laws designed to curb high-risk prescribing practices, such as high-dose and long-term opioid prescribing, associated with opioid-related mortality: (1) mandatory Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) enrollment laws, which require prescribers to enroll in their state's PDMP, an electronic database of patients' controlled substance prescriptions, (2) mandatory PDMP query laws, which require prescribers to query the PDMP prior to prescribing an opioid, (3) opioid prescribing cap laws, which limit the dose and/or duration of opioid prescriptions, and (4) pill mill laws, which strictly regulate pain clinics to prevent nonmedical opioid prescribing...
February 26, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
A Sidney Barritt, Ravi Jhaveri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing hepatitis C virus (HCV) cases over the past decade have raised concerns about subsequent increased cases in infants due to mother to child transmission (MTCT). Many are reminded of the early days of HIV and the rationale for using antiretroviral agents during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) that are highly potent, all-oral, short-duration regimens that cure HCV have led many to consider what it would entail to use DAAs for pregnant women...
February 22, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Oluniyi Solomon Ogunola, Olawale Ahmed Onada, Augustine Eyiwunmi Falaye
The increasing demand for and reliance on plastics as an everyday item, and rapid rise in their production and subsequent indiscriminate disposal, rise in human population and industrial growth, have made the material an important environmental concern and focus of interest of many research. Historically, plastic production has increased tremendously to over 250 million tonnes by 2009 with an annual increased rate of 9%. In 2015, the global consumption of plastic materials was reported to be > 300 million tonnes and is expected to surge exponentially...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ming Xiong, Nimisha Shiwalkar, Kavya Reddy, Peter Shin, Alex Bekker
Propofol is a short-acting intravenous anesthetic agent suitable for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia as well as for procedural and intensive care unit sedation. As such it has become an unparalleled anesthetic agent of choice in many institutional and office practices. However, in addition to its idealistic properties as an anesthetic agent, there is accumulating evidence suggesting its potential for abuse. Clinical and experimental evidence has revealed that not only does propofol have the potential to be abused, but also that addiction to propofol shows a high mortality rate...
February 22, 2018: Brain Sciences
Xuyang Shi, Usha Kadiyala, J Scott VanEpps, Siu-Tung Yau
The current culture-based approach for the diagnosis of bloodstreams infection is incommensurate with timely treatment and curbing the prevalence of multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) due to its long time-to-result. Bloodstream infections typically involve extremely low (e.g., <10 colony-forming unit (CFU)/mL) bacterial concentrations that require a labor-intensive process and as much as 72 hours to yield a diagnosis. Here, we demonstrate a culture-free approach to achieve rapid diagnosis of bloodstream infections...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
A M Roth, B Aumaier, M Felsher, S L Welles, A P Donate-Martinez, M Chavis, B Van Der Pol
BACKGROUND: In 2015 approximately 50,000 new HIV infections occurred in the United States, 2,400 of which were attributable to injection drug use in. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has the potential to curb HIV acquisition, however, uptake remains low among persons who inject drugs (PWID). The purpose of the study is to describe PrEP eligibility, willingness to use PrEP, and ability to access PrEP among PWID recruited from a pilot program that paired screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections with mobile syringe exchange program (SEP) services...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Thomas Mund, Hugh R Pelham
The Nedd4 family of HECT domain-containing E3 ligases ubiquitinate many transcription factors and signaling proteins, and their activity is tightly regulated. Normally, intramolecular interactions curb the catalytic activity of the HECT domain, but these can be broken by the binding of PY motifs, found on substrate molecules and adaptors, to the WW domains characteristic of this E3 ligase family. This raises the prospect of substrates automatically activating the ligases, frustrating the purpose of ligase regulation...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Adrienne O'Neil, Anna J Scovelle, Allison J Milner, Anne Kavanagh
The social gradient for cardiovascular disease (CVD) onset and outcomes is well established. The American Heart Association's Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Disease Scientific Statement advocates looking beyond breakthroughs in biological science toward a social determinants approach that focuses on socioeconomic position, race and ethnicity, social support, culture and access to medical care, and residential environments to curb the burden of CVD going forward. Indeed, the benefits of this approach are likely to be far reaching, enhancing the positive effects of advances in CVD related to prevention and treatment while reducing health inequities that contribute to CVD onset and outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"