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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397999/scalp-eeg-ictal-gamma-and-beta-activity-during-infantile-spasms-evidence-of-focality
#1
Hiroki Nariai, Jules Beal, Aristea S Galanopoulou, Wenzhu B Mowrey, Stephan Bickel, Yoshimi Sogawa, Rana Jehle, Shlomo Shinnar, Solomon L Moshé
OBJECTIVE: We investigated temporal and spatial characteristics of ictal gamma and beta activity on scalp EEG during spasms in patients with West syndrome (WS) to evaluate potential focal cortical onset. METHODS: A total of 1,033 spasms from 34 patients with WS of various etiologies were analyzed on video-electroencephalography (EEG) using time-frequency analysis. Ictal gamma (35-90 Hz) and beta (15-30 Hz) activities were correlated with visual symmetry of spasms, objective EMG (electromyography) analysis, and etiology of WS...
April 11, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328131/recessive-mutations-in-slc35a3-cause-early-onset-epileptic-encephalopathy-with-skeletal-defects
#2
Carla Marini, Katia Hardies, Tiziana Pisano, Patrick May, Sarah Weckhuysen, Elena Cellini, Arvid Suls, Davide Mei, Rudi Balling, Peter D Jonghe, Ingo Helbig, Domenico Garozzo, Renzo Guerrini
We describe the clinical and whole genome sequencing (WGS) study of a non-consanguineous Italian family in which two siblings, a boy and a girl, manifesting a severe epileptic encephalopathy (EE) with skeletal abnormalities, carried novel SLC35A3 compound heterozygous mutations. Both siblings exhibited infantile spasms, associated with focal, and tonic vibratory seizures from early infancy. EEG recordings showed a suppression-burst (SB) pattern and multifocal paroxysmal activity in both. In addition both had quadriplegia, acquired microcephaly, and severe intellectual disability...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214088/a-case-of-seropositive-autoimmune-autonomic-ganglionopathy-with-diffuse-esophageal-spasm
#3
Nobutoshi Morimoto, Sakuma Takahashi, Tomoki Inaba, Motonori Takamiya, Yasuhiko Kageyama, Mizuki Morimoto, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Hirotake Nishimura, Shunya Nakane, Koji Abe
Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is an immune-mediated disorder that leads to various autonomic failures associated with anti-ganglionic acetylcholine receptor antibodies (anti-gAChR-Abs). Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) is an uncommon esophageal motility disorder. We herein report the case of a 68-year-old woman with DES as a partial symptom of AAG. She presented with chronic esophageal transit failure, constipation, and numbness of the hands and feet, Adie's pupil, thermal hypoalgesia, and decreased deep tendon reflexes...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164065/localized-tetanus-in-an-adult-patient-case-report
#4
Mohamed Amirali Gulamhussein, Yueyang Li, Abhijit Guha
INTRODUCTION: Tetanus is a severe and potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani. Of all the cases described in literature, generalized tetanus is by far the most common presentation, but it may also present as neonatal tetanus, cephalic tetanus, and localized tetanus, the latter two being much rarer. In this case report, we present the rare form of this disease, i.e., localized tetanus in an adult male with a history of minimal trauma as well as a late, unusual mode of presentation...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132692/a-recurrent-de-novo-variant-in-nacc1-causes-a-syndrome-characterized-by-infantile-epilepsy-cataracts-and-profound-developmental-delay
#5
Kelly Schoch, Linyan Meng, Szabolcs Szelinger, David R Bearden, Asbjorg Stray-Pedersen, Oyvind L Busk, Nicholas Stong, Eriskay Liston, Ronald D Cohn, Fernando Scaglia, Jill A Rosenfeld, Jennifer Tarpinian, Cara M Skraban, Matthew A Deardorff, Jeremy N Friedman, Zeynep Coban Akdemir, Nicole Walley, Mohamad A Mikati, Peter G Kranz, Joan Jasien, Allyn McConkie-Rosell, Marie McDonald, Stephanie Burns Wechsler, Michael Freemark, Sujay Kansagra, Sharon Freedman, Deeksha Bali, Francisca Millan, Sherri Bale, Stanley F Nelson, Hane Lee, Naghmeh Dorrani, David B Goldstein, Rui Xiao, Yaping Yang, Jennifer E Posey, Julian A Martinez-Agosto, James R Lupski, Michael F Wangler, Vandana Shashi
Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has increasingly enabled new pathogenic gene variant identification for undiagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders and provided insights into both gene function and disease biology. Here, we describe seven children with a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by microcephaly, profound developmental delays and/or intellectual disability, cataracts, severe epilepsy including infantile spasms, irritability, failure to thrive, and stereotypic hand movements. Brain imaging in these individuals reveals delay in myelination and cerebral atrophy...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116965/rare-gripping-object-in-electrocution-cadaveric-spasm-at-its-best
#6
Mohit Chauhan, C Behera, Jatin Bodwal, P C Dikshit
Cadaveric spasm causes instantaneous rigor without preceding post-mortem flaccidity. The precise pathophysiological basis of this phenomenon is still unknown. We report a case of accidental electrocution where the deceased was found dead with a metallic water supply pipe of a motor booster pump firmly gripped in his hand. In this report, we review the literature and consider the mechanisms that may cause this phenomenon.
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911020/changes-in-resting-state-connectivity-in-musicians-with-embouchure-dystonia
#7
Bernhard Haslinger, Jonas Noé, Eckart Altenmüller, Valentin Riedl, Claus Zimmer, Tobias Mantel, Christian Dresel
OBJECTIVE: Embouchure dystonia is a highly disabling task-specific dystonia in professional brass musicians leading to spasms of perioral muscles while playing the instrument. As they are asymptomatic at rest, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in these patients can reveal changes in functional connectivity within and between brain networks independent from dystonic symptoms. METHODS: We therefore compared embouchure dystonia patients to healthy musicians with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in combination with independent component analyses...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910134/effectiveness-of-handmade-jacky-like-catheter-as-a-single-multipurpose-catheter-in-transradial-coronary-angiography-a-randomized-comparison-with-conventional-two-catheter-strategy
#8
Ismail Erden, Ebru Golcuk, Serdar Bozyel, Emine Cakcak Erden, Yakup Balaban, Kivanc Yalın, Burak Turan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety and efficacy of specialized hand-modified "Jacky-Like" catheter (JLC) as a single dual-purpose catheter in transradial coronary angiography. METHODS: Patients over 18 years undergoing diagnostic CAG through right radial artery (RRA) were prospectively enrolled. Procedures were performed with a single JLC modified from a left Judkins (JL) 3.5 catheter or by using 2-catheter approach (2C). Procedures with coronary artery bypass grafts or ventricular angiographies were excluded from the study...
February 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759565/intramuscular-neurotrophin-3-normalizes-low-threshold-spinal-reflexes-reduces-spasms-and-improves-mobility-after-bilateral-corticospinal-tract-injury-in-rats
#9
Claudia Kathe, Thomas Haynes Hutson, Stephen Brendan McMahon, Lawrence David Falcon Moon
Brain and spinal injury reduce mobility and often impair sensorimotor processing in the spinal cord leading to spasticity. Here, we establish that complete transection of corticospinal pathways in the pyramids impairs locomotion and leads to increased spasms and excessive mono- and polysynaptic low threshold spinal reflexes in rats. Treatment of affected forelimb muscles with an adeno-associated viral vector (AAV) encoding human Neurotrophin-3 at a clinically-feasible time-point after injury reduced spasticity...
October 19, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651808/comparison-of-antispasmodic-effect-of-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-dracocephalum-kotschyi-boiss-in-rat-uterus-and-ileum
#10
Hassan Sadraei, Gholamreza Asghari, Mahla Alinejad
Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. is a traditional medicine with antispasmodic activities. The objective of this research was to study antispasmodic activities of hydroalcoholic extract of D. kotschyi on rat isolated uterus contractions for comparison with isolated ileum. Hydroalcoholic extract was obtained from aerial part of D. kotschyi using percolation method. A portion of rat ileum or uterus was suspended in Tyrode's solution at 37°C and gassed with O2. Effect of D. kotschyi extract was assessed on ileum or uterus contractions induced by KCl (80 mM), acetylcholine (ACh, 500 nM), electrical field stimulation (EFS) or oxytocin (0...
July 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515204/accommodative-spasm-might-influence-surgical-planning-and-outcomes-in-acute-acquired-distance-esotropia-in-myopia
#11
Michela Fresina, Giuseppe Giannaccare, Piera Versura, Emilio C Campos
INTRODUCTION: Acute acquired distance esotropia (AADE) is a poorly understood moderate-angle strabismus, affecting young adult myopes and determining bothersome diplopia. Symptoms can be intermittent in the early stages, becoming constant in long-lasting disease. Symptomatic therapy includes prism correction, while surgery is the only curative treatment. However, the latter is affected by high rate of symptoms recurrence with the frequent need for reoperation. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that AADE could be caused by the increase of the accommodative demand, often secondary to a myopic overcorrection...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134989/limbus-vertebra-presenting-with-inflammatory-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#12
Serpil Tuna, Tayfun Özdemir, Hande Ece Öz
Limbus vertebra is a condition characterized by marginal interosseous herniation of the nucleus pulposus, and causes non specific symptoms like low back pain, back pain, muscle spasms and radiculopathy. It is frequently confused with vertebral fracture, infection, schmorl nodule or tumour because it has not a spesific symptom. It usually causes mechanical low back pain rather than inflammatory low back pain. We reported a patient presented with inflammatory low back pain and diagnosed with anterior limbus vertebra because it is rare and the patient has atypical clinical presentation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848858/assessment-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-in-women-with-deep-endometriosis
#13
Ana Paula Santos Dos Bispo, Christine Ploger, Alessandra Fernandes Loureiro, Hélio Sato, Alexander Kolpeman, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Eduardo Schor
PURPOSE: To assess function and prevalence of spasms and trigger points of the pelvic floor muscles in women with deep endometriosis. METHODS: One hundred and four (104) patients were assessed. Group 1 (G1) was composed of 52 subjects diagnosed with deep endometriosis proven by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Group 2 (G2) was composed of 52 women with no signs of endometriosis. Subjects from both G1 and G2 were seen at the Division of Pelvic Pain and Endometriosis and at Center for Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, both at Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), respectively...
September 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571885/-the-effect-of-floating-needle-therapy-combined-with-rehabilitation-training-for-the-hand-function-recovery-of-post-stroke-patients
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiangxia Yang, Hong Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the improvement of hand motion function,spasm and self-care ability of daily life for stroke patients treated with floating-needle combined with rehabilitation training. METHODS: Eighty hand spasm patients of post-stroke within one year after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each one. In the two groups, rehabilitation was adopted for eight weeks,once a day,40 min one time. In the observation group, based on the above treatment and according to muscle fascia trigger point, 2~3 points in both the internal and external sides of forearm were treated with floating-needle...
August 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26506940/digital-periarterial-sympathectomy-in-the-management-of-post-traumatic-raynaud-syndrome
#15
Ander Letamendia, Javier López-Román, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Jesús Herreros
OBJECTIVE: Among Basque handball players, the repeated impact of a ball on the palms of their hands hundreds of thousands of times throughout their sporting careers produces Raynaud syndrome. Treating this patient group is complex. Our objective was to assess the efficacy of digital periarterial sympathectomy in this patient group. METHODS: The study included all of the federated amateur and professional Basque handball patients who presented with Raynaud syndrome assessed in the vascular surgery service between January 2005 and December 2012...
February 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174511/novel-kif7-missense-substitutions-in-two-patients-presenting-with-multiple-malformations-and-features-of-acrocallosal-syndrome
#16
Sanjin Tunovic, Kristin W Barañano, James A Barkovich, Jonathan B Strober, Leila Jamal, Anne M Slavotinek
We present two children who both had two missense mutations in the Kinesin Family Member 7 (KIF7) gene. A seven year old female with severe developmental delays, failure to thrive and growth retardation, infantile spasms, a cardiac vascular ring and right-sided aortic arch, imperforate anus, hydronephrosis with a right renal cyst, syndactyly and abnormal white matter was a compound heterozygote for c.3365C > G, predicting p.(Ser1122Trp) that was maternally inherited and c.2482G > A, predicting p...
November 2015: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26162037/reduction-in-high-frequency-hearing-loss-following-technical-modifications-to-microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm
#17
Parthasarathy Thirumala, Andrew M Frederickson, Jeffrey Balzer, Donald Crammond, Miguel E Habeych, Yue-Fang Chang, Raymond F Sekula
OBJECT: Microvascular decompression is a safe and effective procedure to treat hemifacial spasm, but the operation poses some risk to the patient's hearing. While severe sensorineural hearing loss across all frequencies occurs at a low rate in experienced hands, a recent study suggests that as many as one-half of patients who undergo this procedure may experience ipsilateral high-frequency hearing loss (HFHL), and as many as one-quarter may experience contralateral HFHL. While it has been suggested that drill-related noise may account for this finding, this study was designed to examine the effect of a number of techniques designed to protect the vestibulocochlear nerve from operative manipulation on the incidence of HFHL...
October 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26037425/malignant-hyperthermia-in-a-young-adolescent-a-case-report
#18
Han Toh, Jagdish Menghraj Shahani, Ayesha Jabeen Ali
A 15-year-old girl developed symptoms suggestive of malignant hyperthermia during a laparoscopic appendicectomy for acute appendicitis. The triad of masseter spasm, hypercarbia and hyperthermia within 30 minutes of exposure to triggering factors was present and was treated successfully with dantrolene. She is among a handful of cases known locally. The problems faced in the post-acute phase included the development of thrombophlebitis due to dantrolene use in our patient, as well as paucity of testing centres for malignant hyperthermia both locally and in the region...
September 2014: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26004935/angina-pectoris-in-patients-without-flow-limiting-coronary-artery-disease-cardiac-syndrome-x-a-forest-of-a-variety-of-trees
#19
REVIEW
Giuseppe Cocco, Paul Jerie
Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents an important problem worldwide. At present, more women than men are evaluated for CHD and it has been recognized that the prevalence of this pathology in women is at least the same as in men. We have learned that cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is frequent because worldwide each year millions of people (mostly women) with angina pectoris without flow-limiting epicardial pathology are identified. Data from large myocardial infarction registries suggest a 5% to 25% prevalence of cases without flow-limiting coronary pathology...
2015: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25887990/toxicological-studies-of-stem-bark-extract-from-schefflera-barteri-harms-araliaceae
#20
Serge Secco Atsafack, Jules-Roger Kuiate, Raymond Simplice Mouokeu, Martin Luther Koanga Mogtomo, Alembert Tiabou Tchinda, Tamokou Jean De Dieu, Huguette Magnifouet Nana, Rébecca Madeleine Ebelle Etame, Lucie Biyiti, Rosalie Annie Ngono Ngane
BACKGROUND: The use of herbal medicines as complements or alternatives to orthodox medicines has been on the increase. There has been the erroneous belief that these medicines are free from adverse effects. Schefflera barteri is popularly used in the West region of Cameroon for the treatment of various diseases such as diarrhea, spasm, pneumonia and animals bite. Considering the ethnopharmacological relevance of this plant, this study was designed to investigate the possible toxic effects of the stem bark extract of S...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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