keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cinnamaldehyde

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339792/interference-of-age-and-supplementation-of-direct-fed-microbial-and-essential-oil-in-the-activity-of-digestive-enzymes-and-expression-of-genes-related-to-transport-and-digestion-of-carbohydrates-and-proteins-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#1
M F Fernandez-Alarcon, N Trottier, J P Steibel, R Lunedo, D M B Campos, A M Santana, J M Pizauro, R L Furlan, L R Furlan
The objectives of this study were to describe alterations that age and dietary inclusion of direct-fed microbial (DFM) Bacillus subtilis (BS) and a specific essential oil (EO) blend (carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, cineol, and pepper extract) causes in the activity of digestive enzymes (maltase: MALT; aminopeptidase-N: APN; intestinal alkaline phosphate: IAP) and expression patterns of genes related to transport (oligopeptide transporter gene: SLC15A1; Na+-dependent glucose and galactose transporter gene: SLC5A1; Na+-independent glucose, galactose, and fructose transporter gene: SLC2A2; ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting gene: ATP1A1) and digestion (aminopeptidase-N gene: ANPEP; maltase-glucoamylase gene: MGAM; Sucrase-isomaltase gene: SI) of carbohydrates and proteins in the small intestine of broilers...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334192/insecticidal-properties-of-essential-oils-and-some-of-their-constituents-on-the-turkestan-cockroach-blattodea-blattidae
#2
Sudip Gaire, Mary O'Connell, Francisco O Holguin, Anup Amatya, Scott Bundy, Alvaro Romero
The Turkestan cockroach, Blatta lateralis (Walker), has become the most important peridomestic species in urban areas of the Southwestern United States. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of botanical compounds to control this urban pest. We tested the acute toxicity and repellency of six botanical constituents and three essential oils on Turkestan cockroach nymphs. Chemical composition of the essential oils was also determined. Topical and fumigant assays with nymphs showed that thymol was the most toxic essential oil constituent, with a LD50 of 0...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322072/comparison-of-different-methods-for-extraction-of-cinnamomi-ramulus-yield-chemical-composition-and-in-vitro-antiviral-activities
#3
Jing Zhou, Xiurong Yuan, Ling Li, Tong Zhang, Bing Wang
Hydrodistillation (HD), supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and reflux extraction (RE) were applied to obtain Cinnamomi ramulus extracts. The yields, chemical compositions and antiviral activities of the extracts were investigated. Extracts were analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and the antiviral activities were evaluated using cytopathic effect inhibition assay. HD, SFE and RE afforded 0.376, 1.227 and 5.914% yields, respectively. Cinnamaldehyde (CA), SFE and ethanol extracts exhibited antiviral activities against herpes simplex virus type 1...
March 21, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317313/profiling-of-antioxidative-enzyme-expression-induced-by-various-food-components-using-targeted-proteome-analysis
#4
Sven Bartenbacher, Christiane Östreicher, Monika Pischetsrieder
SCOPE: A method was developed for targeted proteome analysis of the expression profile of a set of antioxidative enzymes in rat macrophages and applied to screen the antioxidative potential of several food components/foods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expression profiles of heme oxygenase 1, peroxiredoxin 1, thioredoxin reductase 1, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S transferase P1, and superoxide dismutase 1 were analyzed by nanoLC-MS/MS in selected scheduled reaction monitoring (sSRM) mode monitoring 2-3 peptides per protein and 3 transitions per peptide...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288793/a-novel-zebrafish-based-model-of-nociception
#5
J Christopher Taylor, L Savannah Dewberry, Stacie K Totsch, Lindsey R Yessick, Jennifer J DeBerry, Stephen A Watts, Robert E Sorge
Chronic pain affects the lives of millions yearly, but few new treatments are available. Due to decreasing budgets and increasing costs of preclinical research, alternatives are sought with high translatability and low cost. Here we demonstrate the utility of a zebrafish-based model of nociception to serve as a novel screening tool for analgesic drugs. Zebrafish swimming behavior was measured following administration of various algogens including histamine, cinnamaldehyde, mustard oil, acetic acid and complete Freund's adjuvant...
March 10, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278675/cytotoxicity-of-flavonoids-and-isoflavonoids-from-crotalaria-bracteata
#6
Sukanda Sudanich, Suppachai Tiyaworanant, Chavi Yenjai
A new flavonoid, crotakanda (1), and seven known compounds including a flavonoid, four isoflavonoids, a pterocarpan and a cinnamaldehyde were isolated from the stems and roots of Crotalaria bracteata. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic methods. Compound 2 showed cytotoxicity against MCF-7 with an IC50 value of 79.90 μM whereas 2 and 4 exhibited cytotoxicity against the NCI-H187 cell line with IC50 values of 71.57 and 95.47 μM, respectively.
February 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263000/heterogeneous-one-pot-carbonylation-and-mizoroki-heck-reactions-in-a-parallel-manner-following-the-cleavage-of-cinnamaldehyde-derivatives
#7
Tomohiro Hattori, Shun Ueda, Ryoya Takakura, Yoshinari Sawama, Yasunari Monguchi, Hironao Sajiki
Carbon monoxide (CO) and styrene derivatives, which can be both generated by a palladium on carbon (Pd/C)-catalyzed carbon-carbon (C-C) bond cleavage reaction of cinnamaldehyde derivatives, were effectively utilized in further palladium-catalyzed C-C bond forming reactions in a direct and practical way. CO derived from simple and affordable CO-carriers, such as cinnamaldehyde or terephthalaldehyde, was efficiently employed in the in-situ CO-fixation with various aromatic iodides through a palladium-catalyzed carbonylation followed by an inter- or intramolecular coupling reaction with alcohols to afford the corresponding esters or lactones, respectively...
March 6, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223069/evaluation-of-antibacterial-potential-and-toxicity-of-plant-volatile-compounds-using-new-broth-microdilution-volatilization-method-and-modified-mtt-assay
#8
Marketa Houdkova, Johana Rondevaldova, Ivo Doskocil, Ladislav Kokoska
With aim to develop effective proof-of-concept approach which can be used in a development of new preparations for the inhalation therapy, we designed a new screening method for simple and rapid simultaneous determination of antibacterial potential of plant volatiles in the liquid and the vapour phase at different concentrations. In addition, EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) capmat™ as vapour barrier cover was used as reliable modification of thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay for cytotoxicity testing of volatiles on microtiter plates...
February 20, 2017: Fitoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221905/efficacy-of-plant-derived-antimicrobials-in-controlling-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-virulence-in-vitro
#9
Sangeetha Ananda Baskaran, Anup Kollanoor-Johny, Meera Surendran Nair, Kumar Venkitanarayanan
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a major foodborne pathogen that can cause serious human illness characterized by hemorrhagic diarrhea and kidney failure. The pathology of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157:H7 (EHEC) infection is primarily mediated by verotoxins, which bind to the globotriaosylceramide receptor on host cells. Antibiotics are contraindicated for treating EHEC infection because they lead to increased verotoxin release, thereby increasing the risk of renal failure and death in patients. Thus, alternative strategies are needed for controlling EHEC infections in humans...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219650/dendritic-cells-death-induced-by-contact-sensitizers-is-controlled-by-nrf2-and-depends-on-glutathione-levels
#10
Zeina El Ali, Claudine Deloménie, Jérémie Botton, Marc Pallardy, Saadia Kerdine-Römer
Dendritic cells (DC) are known to play a major role during contact allergy induced by contact sensitizers (CS). Our previous studies showed that Nrf2 was induced in DC and controlled allergic skin inflammation in mice in response to chemicals. In this work, we raised the question of the role of Nrf2 in response to a stress provoked by chemical sensitizers in DC. We used two well-described chemical sensitizers, dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) and cinnamaldehyde (CinA), known to have different chemical reactivity and mechanism of action...
February 20, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215890/effect-of-oral-calcium-administration-on-the-cure-and-reproductive-performance-of-holstein-cows-diagnosed-with-puerperal-metritis
#11
Pablo Pinedo, Juan Velez, Gilberto Solano, Nelson Rodriguez, Julianne Naves, Gustavo M Schuenemann, Carlos Risco
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of oral calcium administration on clinical cure, survival, subsequent presentation of peripartal health disorders, and reproductive performance of Holstein cows diagnosed with puerperal metritis (PM) under certified organic management. A second objective was to evaluate the metabolic status at calving and at the time of PM diagnosis (d 0) in affected and matched healthy cows. Cows diagnosed with PM (n = 200) were assigned randomly to receive 1 of 2 treatments: (1) control received 3...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213163/active-compound-diffusivity-of-particle-size-reduced-s-aromaticum-and-c-cassia-fused-starch-edible-films-and-the-shelf-life-of-mutton-capra-aegagrus-hircus-meat
#12
C Chandra Mohan, K Radha Krishnan, S Babuskin, K Sudharsan, Vajiha Aafrin, U Lalitha Priya, P Mariyajenita, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
In the present study, mathematical models were used to examine the effect of active compound diffusion from edible film (supplemented with S. aromaticum and C. cassia) on the microbial, physical and chemical quality of mutton stored at 4 and 10°C. Cinnamaldehyde and eugenol release from edible film into liquid was found to be 80% and 75% of the equilibrium concentration. Active compound release into meat was 42-51% for cinnamaldehyde and 38-48% for eugenol, in storage temperatures of 4-15°C. Developed mathematical models showed the diffusivity of cinnamaldehyde (0...
February 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213106/oral-treatment-with-essential-oil-of-hyptis-spicigera-lam-lamiaceae-reduces-acute-pain-and-inflammation-in-mice-potential-interactions-with-transient-receptor-potential-trp-ion-channels
#13
Róli Rodrigues Simões, Igor Dos Santos Coelho, Stella Célio Junqueira, Glauce Regina Pigatto, Marcos José Salvador, Adair Roberto Soares Santos, Felipe Meira de Faria
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Hyptis comprehends almost 400 species widespread in tropical and temperate regions of America. The use of Hyptis spicigera Lam. (Lamiaceae) is reported in traditional medicine due to its gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: The rationale of this study was to investigate the potential use of the essential oil of H. spicigera (EOHs) as analgesic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The antinociceptive effect of EOHs was verified analyzing acute nocifensive behavior of mice induced by chemical noxious stimuli [i...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210736/one-pot-construction-of-sterically-challenging-and-diverse-polyarylphenols-via-transition-metal-free-benzannulation-and-their-potent-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity
#14
Shizuka Mei Bautista Maezono, Tej Narayan Poudel, Yong Rok Lee
This paper reports the novel and efficient one-pot synthesis of highly functionalized polyarylphenols from readily available 1,3-diarylpropan-2-ones and chalcones or cinnamaldehyde derivatives via benzannulation under transition-metal-free and aerobic conditions. This benzannulation proceeds through cascade Michael addition/intramolecular aldol/tautomerization/oxidation. This protocol produces various tetra- and tri-aryl substituted phenols in moderate to good yield. The synthesized compounds exhibited potent antioxidant activities compared to the standard BHT...
February 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203517/changes-of-membrane-fatty-acids-and-proteins-of-shewanella-putrefaciens-treated-with-cinnamon-oil-and-gamma-irradiation
#15
Fei Lyu, Fei Gao, Qianqian Wei, Lin Liu
BACKGROUND: In order to detect the antimicrobial mechanism of combined treatment of cinnamon oil and gamma irradiation (GI), the membrane fatty acids and proteins characteristics of Shewanella putrefaciens (S. putrefaciens) treated with cinnamon oil and GI, and the distribution of cinnamon oil in S. putrefaciens were observed in this study. RESULTS: The membrane lipid profile of S. putrefaciens was notably damaged by treatments of cinnamon oil and the combination of cinnamon oil and GI, with significantly fatty acids decrease in C14:0, C16:0, C16:1, C17:1, C18:1 (p < 0...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166943/cold-adaptive-thermogenesis-following-consumption-of-certain-pungent-spice-principles-a-validation-study
#16
Chaitanya Pandit, K R Anilakumar
Identifying a means to activate or potentiate thermogenic mechanisms through ingestion of dietary compounds have important implications in cold endurance and survival. Although many reports discuss the thermogenic potential of spices, it is surprising that none of the studies verify whether consumption of spices can improve cold endurance. In this study, we have attempted to evaluate if ingestion of certain spices can activate heat-generating mechanisms in the body such that a fall in. core body temperature (CBT) can be delayed or prevented when faced with a cold challenge...
February 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154518/drug-target-identification-and-elucidation-of-natural-inhibitors-for-bordetella-petrii-an-in-silico-study
#17
Surya Narayan Rath, Manisha Ray, Animesh Pattnaik, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan
Environmental microbes like Bordetella petrii has been established as a causative agent for various infectious diseases in human. Again, development of drug resistance in B. petrii challenged to combat against the infection. Identification of potential drug target and proposing a novel lead compound against the pathogen has a great aid and value. In this study, bioinformatics tools and technology have been applied to suggest a potential drug target by screening the proteome information of B. petrii DSM 12804 (accession No...
December 2016: Genomics & Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129937/determination-of-cinnamaldehyde-carvacrol-and-thymol-in-feedstuff-additives-by-pressurized-liquid-extraction-followed-by-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#18
Marta Jiménez-Salcedo, María Teresa Tena
Specific blends of essential oils (BEOs) are promising substitutes for antibiotics to promote livestock performance and to reduce the incidence of intestinal disorders. Microencapsulation of BEOs has shown to improve their stability, bioavailability and to control their release rate once they are added to the feedstuff. The development and validation of a method for determining essential oil components such as carvacrol, thymol and cinnamaldehyde in a microencapsulated material used as feed additive is presented...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114964/antinociceptive-effect-of-methanol-extract-of-dalbergia-sissoo-leaves-in-mice
#19
Md Abdul Mannan, Ambia Khatun, Md Farhad Hossen Khan
BACKGROUND: Dalbergia sissoo DC. (Family: Fabaceae) is a medium to large deciduous tree, is locally called "shishu" in Bangladesh. It is used to treat sore throats, dysentery, syphilis, bronchitis, inflammations, infections, hernia, skin diseases, and gonorrhea. This study evaluated the antinociceptive effect of the methanol extract of D. sissoo leaves (MEDS) in mice. METHODS: The extract was assessed for antinociceptive activity using chemical and heat induced pain models such as hot plate, tail immersion, acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin, glutamate, and cinnamaldehyde test models in mice at the doses of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg (p...
January 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096957/cinnamon-effects-on-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-based-on-its-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Hamid Mollazadeh, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in treatment of MetS's complications. Cinnamomum verum (family Lauraceae) is a medicinal global plant which has been used daily by people all over the world...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
71327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"