keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare Law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108993/experience-from-a-multi-country-initiative-to-improve-the-monitoring-of-selected-reproductive-health-indicators-in-africa
#1
Maria Barreix, Özge Tunçalp, Namuunda Mutombo, Ayotunde A Adegboyega, Lale Say
Universal access to sexual and reproductive health remains part of the unfinished business of global development in the Africa. To achieve it, health interventions should be monitored using programmatic indicators. WHO's Strengthening Measurement of Reproductive Health Indicators in Africa initiative, implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, and Zimbabwe, aimed to improve national information systems for routine monitoring of reproductive health indicators. Participating countries developed action plans employing a two-pronged strategy: (1) revising, standardizing, and harmonizing existing information-system reproductive health indicators; and (2) building data-collection capacity through training and supervision at select pilot sites...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099705/prevalence-of-induced-abortions-and-contraceptive-use-among-married-women-in-an-urban-slum-of-delhi-india
#2
Meenakshi Bhilwar, Panna Lal, Nandini Sharma, Preena Bhalla, Ashok Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To document abortion practices and contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in an urban slum of Delhi. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in an urban resettlement colony in the North East District of Delhi between November 2010 and December 2011. Systematic random sampling was used to enroll 200 married women aged 15-49 years from each of the four blocks of the colony. Participants were interviewed and data were entered into a pretested semi-structured questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#3
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094051/competition-policy-for-health-care-provision-in-portugal
#4
Pedro Pita Barros
We review the role of competition among healthcare providers in Portugal, which has a public National Health Service (NHS) at the core of the health system. There is little competition among healthcare providers within the NHS. Competition among NHS primary care providers is hindered by excess demand (many residents in Portugal do not have a designated family doctor). Competition among NHS hospitals has been traditionally limited to cases of maximum guaranteed waiting time for surgery being exceeded. The Portuguese Competition Authority enforces competition law...
December 23, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092219/the-21st-century-cures-act-pharmacoeconomic-boon-or-bane
#5
Roger Lee Mendoza
Barriers to entry in healthcare markets constitute one of the overriding concerns of health economists. The recent enactment of the 21st Century Cures Act in the United States is one landmark legislation that reduces statutory entry barriers to the discovery, development, testing and licensing of drugs and medical devices. However, it brings with it many critical challenges concerning the safety, efficacy and value of drugs and devices, along with novel opportunities for medical innovation and faster treatment of diseases...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068413/social-and-genetic-networks-of-hiv-1-transmission-in-new-york-city
#6
Joel O Wertheim, Sergei L Kosakovsky Pond, Lisa A Forgione, Sanjay R Mehta, Ben Murrell, Sharmila Shah, Davey M Smith, Konrad Scheffler, Lucia V Torian
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections spread across contact networks. Partner elicitation and notification are commonly used public health tools to identify, notify, and offer testing to persons linked in these contact networks. For HIV-1, a rapidly evolving pathogen with low per-contact transmission rates, viral genetic sequences are an additional source of data that can be used to infer or refine transmission networks. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene interviews individuals newly diagnosed with HIV and elicits names of sexual and injection drug using partners...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067919/-significance-and-effect-of-guidelines-1-some-observations-concerning-paradigms-with-respect-to-guidelines
#7
J Craandijk
Clinical guidelines are currently receiving considerable attention. An important goals of guidelines are to improve the quality of care and to increase patient safety. Linguistic, legal and (proto)-professional paradigms differ on the meaning, scope and effectiveness of guidelines. The underlying propositions are very different. Since guidelines lack uniformity, the benefit of guidelines on the quality of care is unclear. In the use of the term guideline there is the implicit assumption that the significance and effect of a guideline remain unchanged in a changed context...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048829/th-d-204-01-the-pursuit-of-radiation-oncology-performance-excellence
#8
E Sternick
: The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Improvement Act was signed into law in 1987 to advance U.S. business competitiveness and economic growth. Administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST, the Act created the Baldrige National Quality Program, now renamed the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program. The comprehensive analytical approaches referred to as the Baldrige Healthcare Criteria, are very well suited for the evaluation and sustainable improvement of radiation oncology management and operations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047960/tu-b-206-02-on-the-algorithmic-approach-to-ethical-conduct
#9
G Sherouse
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047727/th-d-204-00-the-pursuit-of-radiation-oncology-performance-excellence
#10
Edward Sternick
: The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Improvement Act was signed into law in 1987 to advance U.S. business competitiveness and economic growth. Administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST, the Act created the Baldrige National Quality Program, now renamed the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program. The comprehensive analytical approaches referred to as the Baldrige Healthcare Criteria, are very well suited for the evaluation and sustainable improvement of radiation oncology management and operations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047616/su-g-iep1-08-mr-geometric-distortion-dependency-on-imaging-sequence-acquisition-orientation-and-receiver-bandwidth-of-a-dedicated-1-5t-mr-simulator
#11
M Law, J Yuan, O Wong, S Yu
PURPOSE: To investigate the 3D geometric distortion of four potential MR sequences for radiotheraptic applications, and its dependency on sequence-type, acquisition-orientation and receiver-bandwidth from a dedicated 1.5T 700mm-wide bore MR-simulator (Magnetom-Aera, Sienmens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany), using a large customized geometric accuracy phantom. METHODS: This work studied 3D gradient-echo (VIBE) and spin-echo (SPACE) sequences for anatomical imaging; a specific ultra-short-TE sequence (PETRA) potentially for bone imaging and MR-based dosimetry; and a motion-insensitive sequence (BLADE) for dynamic applications like 4D-MRI...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047387/tu-b-206-00-do-the-right-thing
#12
Jeffrey Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046722/tu-b-206-01-navigating-the-black-white-and-gray
#13
J Limmer
PURPOSE: To reacquaint the participant with foundational aspects of educational, healthcare and research ethics as they relate to the Medical Physicist day to day role. METHODS: Presenting recognized best practice guidelines and tenants applied to hypothetical scenarios and medical physics related occupations. RESULTS: The application of recognized standards of ethical behavior result in beneficial outcomes for all involved CONCLUSION: Ethics is multi-faceted in its manifestation application; most facets are applicable to any avenue a medical physicist may pursue in their career...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042065/civil-society-driven-drug-policy-reform-for-health-and-human-welfare-india
#14
Nandini Vallath, Tripti Tandon, Tania Pastrana, Diederik Lohman, S Asra Husain, James Cleary, Ganpati Ramanath, M R Rajagopal
The lack of adequate access to opioids in India as analgesics and for agonist therapies, forces millions to live with severe unalleviated pain, or languish with suffering associated with drug dependence. Although India is a major opium exporter, the excessively prohibitive 1985 narcotics law formulated to control harmful use of drugs, impeded the availability and access to opioids for medical and scientific purposes. Amendment of this law in 2014 established a new national regulatory framework for improved access to essential opioid analgesics...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041774/the-effects-of-expanded-nurse-practitioner-and-physician-assistant-scope-of-practice-on-the-cost-of-medicaid-patient-care
#15
Edward Joseph Timmons
The provision of health care to low-income Americans remains an ongoing policy challenge. In this paper, I examine how important changes to occupational licensing laws for nurse practitioners and physician assistants have affected cost and intensity of health care for Medicaid patients. The results suggest that allowing physician assistants to prescribe controlled substances is associated with a substantial (more than 11%) reduction in the dollar amount of outpatient claims per Medicaid recipient. I find little evidence that expanded scope of practice has affected proxies for care intensity such as total claims and total care days...
December 23, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039957/social-responsibility-and-the-state-s-duty-to-provide-healthcare-an-islamic-ethico-legal-perspective
#16
Aasim I Padela
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights asserts that governments are morally obliged to promote health and to provide access to quality healthcare, essential medicines and adequate nutrition and water to all members of society. According to UNESCO, this obligation is grounded in a moral commitment to promoting fundamental human rights and emerges from the principle of social responsibility. Yet in an era of ethical pluralism and contentions over the universality of human rights conventions, the extent to which the UNESCO Declaration can motivate behaviors and policies rests, at least in part, upon accepting the moral arguments it makes...
December 30, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027674/ethical-decision-making-regarding-infant-viability
#17
Janet Kelly, Emma Welch
BACKGROUND: There are no universally agreed rules of healthcare ethics. Ethical decisions and standards tend to be linked to professional codes of practice when dealing with complex issues. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to explore the ethical complexities on who should decide to give infants born on the borderline of viability lifesaving treatment, parents or the healthcare professionals. METHOD: The paper is a discussion using the principles of ethics, professional codes of practice from the UK, Nursing Midwifery Council and UK legal case law and statute...
January 1, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017813/association-between-state-medical-malpractice-environment-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#18
Christina A Minami, Catherine R Sheils, Emily Pavey, Jeanette W Chung, Jonah J Stulberg, David D Odell, Anthony D Yang, David J Bentrem, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: The U.S. medical malpractice system assumes that the threat of liability should deter negligence but it is unclear whether malpractice environment impacts healthcare quality. We thus sought to explore the association between state malpractice environment and post-operative complication rates. STUDY DESIGN: This observational study included Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries undergoing one of the following surgeries in 2010: colorectal, lung, esophageal, or pancreatic resection, total knee arthroplasty, craniotomy, gastric bypass, abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, coronary artery bypass grafting, or cystectomy...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012866/epidemiological-updates-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-a-chinese-population
#19
Yuk Law, Yiu Che Chan, Stephen W K Cheng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was thought to be uncommon in Asians and routine thromboprophylaxis in the form of anticoagulation for surgical patients was considered to be unnecessary. The current study aims to provide a contemporary epidemiology of venous thromboembolism in a population-based scale. METHODS: Information from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 was retrieved from a centralized computer public healthcare database serving mainly an ethnic Han Chinese population of 7...
December 21, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999223/health-software-a-new-cei-guide-for-software-management-in-medical-environment
#20
Claudia Giacomozzi, Francesco Martelli
INTRODUCTION: The increasing spread of software components in the healthcare context renders explanatory guides relevant and mandatory to interpret laws and standards, and to support safe management of software products in healthcare. METHODOLOGY: In 2012 a working group has been settled for the above purposes at Italian Electrotechnical Committee (CEI), made of experts from Italian National Institute of Health (ISS), representatives of industry, and representatives of the healthcare organizations...
October 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
keyword
keyword
71325
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"