keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthcare Law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334747/the-family-planning-conundrum-in-afghanistan
#1
Hemat Shafiqullah, Ayako Morita, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino
In Afghanistan, despite the high awareness levels of contraceptive methods, the contraceptive prevalence is low and short birth spacing is common. The aim of this study was to understand the perception about family planning and contraceptive utilization among reproductive-aged married women, their husbands, their mothers-in-law, religious leaders and healthcare providers. Focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted among married women of reproductive age ( n =  482), their husbands ( n =  133), their mothers-in-law ( n =  194), their religious leaders ( n =  16), and healthcare providers ( n =  36) in rural and urban areas in five provinces...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330856/-my-friend-who-bought-it-for-me-she-has-had-an-abortion-before-the-influence-of-ghanaian-women-s-social-networks-in-determining-the-pathway-to-induced-abortion
#2
Sarah D Rominski, Jody R Lori, Emmanuel Sk Morhe
BACKGROUND: Even given the liberal abortion law in Ghana, abortion complications are a large contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This study sought to understand why young women seeking an abortion in a legally enabling environment chose to do this outside the formal healthcare system. METHODS: Women being treated for complications arising from a self-induced abortion as well as for elective abortions at three hospitals in Ghana were interviewed. Community-based focus groups were held with women as well as men, separately...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#3
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301806/the-effects-of-women-s-education-on-maternal-health-evidence-from-peru
#4
Abigail Weitzman
This article examines the causal effect of women's education on maternal health in Peru, a country where maternal mortality has declined by more than 70% in the last two and a half decades. To isolate the effects of education, the author employs an instrumented regression discontinuity that takes advantage of an exogenous source of variation-an amendment to compulsory schooling laws in 1993. The results indicate that extending women's years of schooling reduced the probability of several maternal health complications at last pregnancy/birth, sometimes by as much as 29%...
March 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299970/human-rights-and-correctional-health-policy-a-view-from-europe
#5
Mary Rogan
Purpose Correctional healthcare should promote the protection of human rights. The purpose of this paper is to bring a discussion of human rights into debates on how such policy should be best organized. Design/methodology/approach The paper achieves its aim by providing an analysis of European prison law and policy in the area of prison health, through assessing decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, as well as policies created by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture. Findings The paper describes the position of the European Court of Human Rights on the topics of access to healthcare, ill health and release from prison, mental illness in prison, and the duty to provide rehabilitative programming for those seeking to reduce their level of "risk...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299244/large-scale-health-information-database-and-privacy-protection
#6
Ryuichi Yamamoto
Japan was once progressive in the digitalization of healthcare fields but unfortunately has fallen behind in terms of the secondary use of data for public interest. There has recently been a trend to establish large-scale health databases in the nation, and a conflict between data use for public interest and privacy protection has surfaced as this trend has progressed. Databases for health insurance claims or for specific health checkups and guidance services were created according to the law that aims to ensure healthcare for the elderly; however, there is no mention in the act about using these databases for public interest in general...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281423/an-imaginary-legal-conundrum-a-reply-to-the-response-by-mahomed-n%C3%A3-thling-slabbert-and-pepper
#7
D Jordaan
In their original article on the subject of research using human biological material, Mahomed, Nöthling-Slabbert and Pepper advanced the notion that the law regarding ownership of human biological material is uncertain, and proposed that our country's healthcare policy of altruism be changed to mandatory profit-sharing by research participants. In my critique article, I took issue with the notion that the relevant law is uncertain, and suggested that Mahomed et al. failed to present a convincing argument in support of the proposed policy change from altruism to profit-sharing...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277024/structural-social-support-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hispanic-latino-adults-with-diabetes-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#8
Rosalba Hernandez, Mercedes Carnethon, Aida L Giachello, Frank J Penedo, Donghong Wu, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, Rebeca Espinoza Giacinto, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi, Neil Schneiderman, Yanping Teng, Donglin Zeng, Martha L Daviglus
OBJECTIVE(S): Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have yielded inconsistent findings on the associations of social support networks with cardiovascular health in Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. We examined the cross-sectional associations of structural social support and traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse sample of Hispanic/Latino adults with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This analysis included 2994 adult participants ages 18-74 with diabetes from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL - 2008-2011)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271567/the-welsh-blood-service-70-years-of-continuous-change
#9
REVIEW
G D Poole
The National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS) in England and Wales was established as a single entity in 1946 and operated as such for almost half a century. During those 50 years, the blood service in Wales, as in the rest of the UK, saw many technological and operational changes. The automation of donation testing, the introduction of successive layers of microbiological screening, the creation of the Tissue Typing Laboratory (later renamed the Welsh Transplantation and Immunogenetics Laboratory) and the development of information technology brought - over a relatively long period - highly significant improvements to an organisation that had begun life as an Emergency Medical Service...
March 8, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#10
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255026/conscientious-objection-in-healthcare-and-the-duty-to-refer
#11
Christopher Cowley
Although some healthcare professionals have the legal right to conscientiously object to authorise or perform certain lawful medical services, they have an associated duty to provide the patient with enough information to seek out another professional willing to authorise or provide the service (the 'duty to refer'). Does the duty to refer morally undermine the professional's conscientious objection (CO)? I narrow my discussion to the National Health Service in Britain, and the case of a general practitioner (GP) being asked by a pregnant woman to authorise an abortion...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244581/work-related-stress-and-blood-glucose-levels
#12
A Sancini, S Ricci, F Tomei, C Sacco, A Pacchiarotti, N Nardone, P Ricci, A Suppi, D P De Cesare, V Anzelmo, R Giubilati, B Pimpinella, M V Rosati, G Tomei
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate work-related subjective stress in a group of workers on a major Italian company in the field of healthcare through the administration of a valid "questionnaire-tool indicator" (HSE Indicator Tool), and to analyze any correlation between stress levels taken from questionnaire scores and blood glucose values. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a final sample consisting of 241 subjects with different tasks. The HSE questionnaire - made up of 35 items (divided into 7 organizational dimensions) with 5 possible answers - has been distributed to all the subjects in occasion of the health surveillance examinations provided by law...
March 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228974/the-solidarity-and-health-neutrality-of-physicians-in-war-peace
#13
Frederick M Burkle, Timothy Erickson, Johan von Schreeb, Stephanie Kayden, Anthony Redmond, Emily Yy Chan, Francesco Della Corte, Hilarie Cranmer, Yasuhiro Otomo, Kirsten Johnson, Nobhojit Roy
The wars in the Middle East have led to unprecedented threats and attacks on patients, healthcare workers, and purposeful targeting of hospitals and medical facilities. It is crucial that every healthcare provider, both civilian and military, on either side of the conflict become aware of the unique and inherent protections afforded to them under International Humanitarian Law. However, these protections come with obligations. Whereas Governments must guarantee these protections, when violated, medical providers have equal duty and obligations under the Law to ensure that they will neither commit nor assist in these violations nor take part in any act of hostility...
January 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228243/private-health-insurance-in-sweden-fast-track-lanes-and-the-alleged-attempts-to-stop-them
#14
John Lapidus
According to the Health and Medical Services Act (1982:763), those who have the greatest need for healthcare shall be given priority. This is being challenged by the rapid emergence of private health insurance which increases the share of private funding and creates fast-track lanes where some people get faster access to healthcare than others. The Stop Law, implemented by a Social Democratic government in 2006, was generally regarded as a way to put an end to the fast-track lanes in Swedish healthcare. Based on a thorough examination of the law and its legislative history - official reports, propositions, comments on official reports - this article argues that the Stop Law was so full of exceptions and loopholes that it did not threaten the existence of fast-track lanes...
February 19, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198942/normative-analysis-of-the-voice-of-children-in-brazilian-child-protection-legislation
#15
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196811/the-heart-failure-epidemic-a-uk-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Martin R Cowie
Heart failure is appropriately described as an epidemic, with 1-2% of health care expenditure being directed at its management. In England, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued guidance on the best practice for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Echocardiography is key to the diagnosis of the underlying cardiac abnormalities, and access to this (with our without biochemical testing using natriuretic peptides) is key to high-quality and speedy diagnosis...
March 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195533/ethical-concerns-related-to-mandatory-reporting-of-sexual-violence
#17
N Jagadeesh, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Sangeeta Rege
The provision of care for survivors of sexual violence is a medico-legal emergency. However, due to social issues, healthcare providers face several ethical and legal dilemmas when administering care to such survivors at hospitals. Added to these are the compulsions under mandatory reporting laws, which oblige healthcare providers to abide by the ethical commitments of care and treatment, and make it mandatory for them to report cases of sexual violence to the police, failing which they face legal sanctions...
November 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188772/two-year-continuation-of-intrauterine-devices-and%C3%A2-contraceptive-implants-in-a-mixed-payer-setting-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-retrospective-review
#18
Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Lori M Gawron, Amy Law, Lonnie Wen, Richard Lynen
BACKGROUND: As the popularity of long-acting reversible contraception increases, so does the need for accurate data on method continuation in diverse clinical settings. We determined 2-year continuation rates for the levonorgestrel 52-mg intrauterine device, the copper T380A intrauterine device, and the 68-mg etonogestrel contraceptive implant in an academic healthcare system with mixed-payer reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the proportion and characteristics of women who continue intrauterine device and implant use to 2 years and to relate continuation to device type when controlling for patient characteristics...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185517/deprivation-of-liberty-collected-guidance-the-law-society-deprivation-of-liberty-collected-guidance-400pp-%C3%A2-29-95-law-society-publishing-9781784460433-1784460435-formula-see-text
#19
(no author information available yet)
Deprivation of liberty (DoL) is a complicated subject that healthcare professionals may find challenging. Understanding and applying safeguards against DoL can be difficult because regulations and guidance are complex and varied.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174394/-past-present-and-future-of-national-clinical-database
#20
Tadashi Iwanaka
The National Clinical Database of Japan( NCD) was established in April 2010 in the collaboration of 9 surgical subspecialty societies on the platform of the Japan Surgical Society(JSS). Registrations began in 2011, and because NCD is strongly linked to the board certification system by JSS, the ratio of registration of surgical procedures is very high, over than 97%. To date, more than 4,000 facilities have enrolled and over 7 million cases were registered over a 5-year period. The analyses of NCD are compared to the foreign database, such as American College of Surgeon National Surgical Quality Improvement Program in the gastrointestinal (GI) surgical field, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Database in the cardiovascular surgical field, with a goal of creating a standardized surgery database for quality improvement...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
71325
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"