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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809868/-criminal-liability-in-case-of-medical-acts-considered-to-be-incompetent-article-6-of-the-new-italian-law-8-march-2017-n-24
#1
Lorenzo Renzulli
In Italy, Law n. 24 of 8 March 2017, Article 6, introduces in the current criminal code, Article 590 sexies entitled "Medical liability in case of death and personal lesions", which follows article 590 quinquies. The new article states that a healthcare professional who has acted in accordance with guidelines approved by the National Health Institute or, if no such guidelines exist, in accordance with good clinical practices, is not criminally liable in case of death or personal lesions due to actions that could be considered to be incompetent...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#2
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801944/the-emergence-of-second-generation-lethal-injection-protocols-a-brief-history-and-review
#3
Daniel R Malcom, Frank Romanelli
The history of capital punishment in the United States is long and controversial. In many cases, lethal injection has brought medical personnel, ethically and professionally charged with preserving life, into the arena of assisting the state in taking life. Recent US Supreme Court decisions, including Baze v. Rees and Glossip v. Gross, have evaluated and condoned lethal injection protocols. Despite the judicial validation of some midazolam-containing protocols, controversy exists as to the level of unconsciousness provided due to the ceiling effects of the drug...
August 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801052/accompaniment-of-second-trimester-abortions-the-model-of-the-feminist-socorrista-network-of-argentina
#4
Ruth Zurbriggen, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Caitlin Gerdts
OBJECTIVE: Legal restrictions on abortion access impact the safety and timing of abortion. Women affected by these laws face barriers to safe care that often result in abortion being delayed. Second-trimester abortion affects vulnerable groups of women disproportionately, and is often more difficult to access. In Argentina, where abortion is legally restricted except in cases of rape or threat to the health of the woman, the Socorristas en Red, a feminist network, offers a model of accompaniment wherein they provide information and support to women seeking second-trimester abortions...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799324/reviewing-independent-access-to-hiv-testing-counselling-and-treatment-for-adolescents-in-hiv-specific-laws-in-sub-saharan-africa-implications-for-the-hiv-response
#5
Patrick M Eba, HyeYoung Lim
INTRODUCTION: AIDS is a leading cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, legal, policy and social barriers continue to restrict their access to HIV services. In recent years, access to independent HIV testing and treatment for adolescents has gained increased attention. The 2013 WHO Guidance on HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV (WHO Guidance) calls for reviewing legal and regulatory frameworks to facilitate adolescents' access to comprehensive HIV services...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#6
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798264/compliance-with-smoke-free-legislation-and-smoking-behaviour-observational-field-study-from-punjab-india
#7
Sonu Goel, Deepak Sharma, Rakesh Gupta, Vini Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Indian smoke-free legislation requires prohibition of smoking at public places and owners of public places to display 'no smoking' signages. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the compliance of public places with smoke-free legislation and determine the factors associated with active smoking in public places. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional analytic observational quantitative survey conducted by a team of trained field investigators using a structured observational checklist across 6875 public places in Punjab state of India...
August 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780526/voluntary-sterilisation-and-access-to-ivf-in-qu%C3%A3-bec
#8
Katharine Browne
Bill 20, An Act to Enact the Act to promote access to family medicine and specialized medicine services and to amend various legislative provisions relating to assisted procreation, was introduced to reduce costs associated with Québec's healthcare in general and in vitro fertilisation (IVF) in particular. Passed in November 2015, the new law introduces a number of exclusion criteria for access to and funding for IVF treatment. Remarkably, one exclusion criterion-prior voluntary sterilisation-has prompted little critical commentary...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774161/suggestions-on-improvement-of-infectious-disease-law-and-regulations
#9
Mijeong Park
Purpose: The study's perspective is through examining an enactment for the New amendment for legislation, to make proposals for a more rational and concrete basis in the interpretation and application of the Korean legal regime in global infectious disease emergency situations. Methods: The Republic of Korea reported its first laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) on 20 May 2015. Since the first index case, Korean public health authorities enforced many public health measures that were not authorized in the law...
July 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766395/dual-loyalties-everyday-ethical-problems-of-registered-nurses-and-physicians-in-combat-zones
#10
Kristina Lundberg, Sofia Kjellström, Lars Sandman
BACKGROUND: When healthcare personnel take part in military operations in combat zones, they experience ethical problems related to dual loyalties, that is, when they find themselves torn between expectations of doing caring and military tasks, respectively. AIM: This article aims to describe how Swedish healthcare personnel reason concerning everyday ethical problems related to dual loyalties between care and military tasks when undertaking healthcare in combat zones...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763505/impact-of-a-district-wide-health-center-strengthening-intervention-on-healthcare-utilization-in-rural-rwanda-use-of-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#11
Hari S Iyer, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Emmanuel Kamanzi, Peter C Drobac, Felix C Rwabukwisi, Michael R Law, Andrew Muhire, Vincent Rusanganwa, Paulin Basinga
BACKGROUND: Evaluations of health systems strengthening (HSS) interventions using observational data are rarely used for causal inference due to limited data availability. Routinely collected national data allow use of quasi-experimental designs such as interrupted time series (ITS). Rwanda has invested in a robust electronic health management information system (HMIS) that captures monthly healthcare utilization data. We used ITS to evaluate impact of an HSS intervention to improve primary health care facility readiness on health service utilization in two rural districts of Rwanda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752535/nurse-prescribing-in-spain-the-law-and-the-curriculum
#12
Angel Romero-Collado, Marta Raurell-Torreda, Edurne Zabaleta-Del-Olmo, Carolina Rascon-Hernan, Erica Homs-Romero
In this cross-sectional study, we explored course content related to pharmacology and/or healthcare products and supplies in all nursing degree programs in Spain. Changes in nurse-prescribing legislation in Spain require that nurses take a certification course before prescribing over-the-counter products and medications. Using a cross-sectional descriptive study, between July and September 2014, the degree programs of all centers that offer a degree in nursing in Spain were examined, selecting those with course information available online...
July 28, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745967/improving-patient-safety-and-healthcare-quality-examples-of-good-practice
#13
John Tingle
John Tingle, Reader in Health Law at Nottingham Trent University, discusses a recent report by the Care Quality Commission that showcases eight NHS trusts that have improved their patient safety and healthcare quality.
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740618/ethical-issues-associated-with-medical-tourism-in-africa
#14
REVIEW
John J O Mogaka, Lucia Mupara, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
Global disparities in medical technologies, laws, economic inequities, and social-cultural differences drive medical tourism (MT), the practice of travelling to consume healthcare that is either too delayed, unavailable, unaffordable or legally proscribed at home. Africa is simultaneously a source and destination for MT. MT however, presents a new and challenging health ethics frontier, being largely unregulated and characterized by policy contradictions, minority discrimination and conflict of interest among role-players...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729130/information-needs-about-palliative-care-and-euthanasia-a-survey-of-patients-in-different-phases-of-their-cancer-trajectory
#15
Kim Beernaert, Chloë Haverbeke, Simon Van Belle, Luc Deliens, Joachim Cohen
OBJECTIVE: We assessed information provision and information needs about illness course, treatments, palliative care and euthanasia in cancer patients. METHODS: Cancer patients consulting a university hospital (N=620) filled out a questionnaire. Their cancer related data were collected through the treating oncologist. This study is performed in Belgium, where "palliative care for all" is a patient's right embedded in the law and euthanasia is possible under certain conditions...
July 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727957/awareness-of-state-legislation-on-naloxone-accessibility-associated-with-willingness-to-prescribe-naloxone
#16
Olihe N Okoro, Karen M Bastianelli, Ya-Feng Wen, Elisabeth F Bilden, Brian K Konowalchuk, Mark E Schneiderhan
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of opioid-related deaths, state naloxone-legislation changes, and negativity prompted investigation of predictive factors associated with willingness to prescribe naloxone to populations at risk of overdose including knowledge of risk factors, assessment of persons at risk, awareness of legislative changes, perceptions of professional responsibility, and confidence around naloxone prescribing and distribution. METHODS: Cross-sectional, web-based, anonymous, voluntary survey to prescribers of two regional healthcare systems serving urban and rural North Dakota, northern Minnesota, and northwestern Wisconsin...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726348/state-insurance-mandates-and-off-label-use-of-chemotherapy
#17
Fabrice Smieliauskas, Hari Sharma, Connor Hurley, Jonas A de Souza, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
Access to cancer drugs used off-label is important to cancer patients but may drive up healthcare costs with little evidence of clinical benefit. We hypothesized that state health insurance mandates for private insurers to provide coverage for off-label use of cancer drugs cause higher rates of off-label use. We used Truven MarketScan data from 1999 to 2007 on utilization of 35 infused chemotherapy drugs in private health plans in the United States, covering the period when eight states implemented off-label coverage laws...
July 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723997/access-to-health-care-as-a-human-right-in-international-policy-critical-reflections-and-contemporary-challenges
#18
Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo, Volnei Garrafa, Thiago Cunha, Fernando Hellmann
Using the United Nations (UN) and its subordinate body, the World Health Organization (WHO), as a frame of reference, this article explores access to healthcare as a human right in international intergovernmental policies. First, we look at how the theme of health is treated within the UN, focusing on the concept of global health. We then discuss the concept of global health from a human rights perspective and go on to outline the debate surrounding universal coverage versus universal access as a human right, addressing some important ethical questions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721637/cost-of-hospitalization-for-firearm-injuries-by-firearm-type-intent-and-payer-in-the-united-states
#19
Corinne Peek-Asa, Brandon Butcher, Joseph E Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711691/effects-of-the-2009-medical-cannabinoid-legalization-policy-on-hospital-use-for-cannabinoid-dependency-and-persistent-vomiting
#20
Mustafa Al-Shammari, Karina Herrera, Xibei Liu, Brandon Gisi, Takashi Yamashita, Kyu-Tae Han, Mohamed Azab, Harmeet Mashiana, Muthena Maklad, Muhammad Talha Farooqui, Ranjit Makar, Ji Won Yoo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In year of 2009, the United States federal Department of Justice issued a memo stating that it would not prosecute users and sellers who complied with the state laws allowing for medical use of marijuana. There are growing concerns about legalization of marijuana use and its related public health effects. We performed an interrupted time series analysis to evaluate these effects. METHODS: We collected a representative sample of hospital discharge data from the healthcare cost and utilization project, from January 1993 through December 2014...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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