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Prehospital spinal long board

Ming-Wei Lin, Che-Yu Wu, Chih-Long Pan, Zhong Tian, Jyh-Horng Wen, Jet-Chau Wen
For out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, every second is vital for their life. Shortening the prehospital time is a challenge to emergency medical service (EMS) experts. This study focuses on the on-scene time evaluation of the registered nurses (RNs) participating in already existing EMS teams, in order to explore their role and performance in different EMS cases. In total, 1247 cases were separated into trauma and nontrauma cases. The nontrauma cases were subcategorized into OHCA (NT-O), critical (NT-C), and noncritical (NT-NC) cases, whereas the trauma cases were subcategorized into collar-and-spinal board fixation (T-CS), fracture fixation (T-F), and general trauma (T-G) cases...
2017: BioMed Research International
Steven R Weber, Patrick Rauscher, Rebecca P Winsett
OBJECTIVE: The long spinal board is the immobilization standard during prehospital transport. The flat surface of the board increases the pressure placed on both the thoracic kyphosis and the sacrum and increases the risk for pressure ulcers. This study compared patient stability and comfort between a padded litter system used in air medical transport and the long spine board. METHODS: The study was completed at a large 350-bed Magnet Recognized nonteaching hospital...
July 2015: Air Medical Journal
Emily G Kim, Kathleen M Brown, Julie C Leonard, David M Jaffe, Cody S Olsen, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare prehospital spinal immobilization techniques applied to age-based cohorts of children with and without cervical spine injury (CSI) after blunt trauma. METHODS: We compared prehospital spinal immobilization in 3 age-based cohorts of children with blunt trauma-related CSI transported to 1 of 17 participating hospitals. We also compared children younger than 2 years with CSI with those at risk for but without CSI after blunt trauma...
April 2013: Pediatric Emergency Care
David Hostler, Deanna Colburn, S Robert Seitz
OBJECTIVE: Prehospital cervical spinal cord injuries (SCIs) are rare but potentially catastrophic. Although spinal immobilization is resource-intensive, emergency medical services (EMS) personnel commonly immobilize trauma patients to prevent exacerbation of unrecognized SCI during transport. We compared the stabilization properties of a novel rigid, cervical immobilization collar (XCollar) with those of one-piece and two-piece rigid collars commonly used in the prehospital setting. METHODS: This was a prospective laboratory study of healthy adult volunteers to determine total cervical motion in the horizontal, coronal, and sagittal planes in both seated and supine positions...
April 2009: Prehospital Emergency Care
Charles Andrew Peery, Jane Brice, William D White
INTRODUCTION: Prehospital spinal immobilization (PSI) for patients with suspected spinal injury has been the universal standard of practice for emergency medical services (EMS) in the United States since the early 1970s. PSI research has faced numerous methodological difficulties, including an inability to evaluate whether the immobilizations being studied were carried out appropriately. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of spinal immobilization to a long spine board in patients presenting via EMS to an emergency department (ED)...
July 2007: Prehospital Emergency Care
Gianluca Del Rossi, Tim P Heffernan, Marybeth Horodyski, Glenn R Rechtine
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In the prehospital stages of emergency care, cervical collars are (supposedly) used to aid rescuers in maintaining in-line stabilization of the spinal column as patients with potential or actual injuries are shifted onto a spine board to achieve full spinal immobilization. Unfortunately, not a single study has examined the effectiveness of cervical collars to control motion during the execution of spine-board transfer techniques. PURPOSE: To evaluate the controlling effect of three cervical collars during the execution of spine-board transfer techniques...
November 2004: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
D Bauer, R Kowalski
In the prehospital management of trauma, a variety of devices are used for immobilization of the spinal column during extrication and transport. Two of these commonly used immobilizers, the Zee Extrication Device and the long spinal board, use crisscrossing straps over the thorax to affix the patient to the device. Our study was designed to determine if these two devices alter pulmonary function in the healthy, nonsmoking man. We took 15 healthy, nonsmoking male volunteers and tested four pulmonary function parameters: forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), the ratio FEV1:FVC, and forced mid-expiratory flow (FEF 25%-75%)...
September 1988: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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