keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radiation-oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818305/treatment-of-the-ventral-intermediate-nucleus-for-medically-refractory-tremor-a-cost-analysis-of-stereotactic-radiosurgery-versus-deep-brain-stimulation
#1
Shearwood McClelland, Jerry J Jaboin
INTRODUCTION: Medically refractory tremor treatment has evolved over the past half-century from intraoperative thalamotomy to deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM). Within the past 15years, unilateral radiosurgical VIM thalamotomy has emerged as a comparably efficacious treatment modality. METHODS: An extensive literature search of VIM DBS series was performed; the total cost of VIM DBS was calculated from hospitals geographically representative of the entire United States using current procedural terminology and work relative value unit (RVU) codes...
August 14, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816703/an-electromechanical-patient-positioning-system-for-head-and-neck-radiotherapy
#2
Mark Ostyn, Thomas Dwyer, Matthew Miller, Paden King, Rachel Sacks, Ross Cruikshank, Melvin Rosario, Daniel Martinez, Siyong Kim, Woon-Hong Yeo
In cancer treatment with radiation, accurate patient setup is critical for proper dose delivery. Improper arrangement can lead to disease recurrence, permanent organ damage, or lack of disease control. While current immobilization equipment often helps for patient positioning, manual adjustment is required, involving iterative, time-consuming steps. Here, we present an electromechanical robotic system for improving patient setup in radiotherapy, specifically targeting head and neck cancer. This positioning system offers six degrees of freedom for a variety of applications in radiation oncology...
August 17, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816168/domestic-job-shortage-or-job-maldistribution-a%C3%A2-geographic-analysis-of-the-current-radiation%C3%A2-oncology-job-market
#3
Mudit Chowdhary, Arpit M Chhabra, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Jaymin Jhaveri, Neilayan Sen, Pretesh R Patel, Walter J Curran, Ross A Abrams, Kirtesh R Patel, Gaurav Marwaha
PURPOSE: To examine whether permanent radiation oncologist (RO) employment opportunities vary based on geography. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A database of full-time RO jobs was created by use of American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Career Center website posts between March 28, 2016, and March 31, 2017. Jobs were first classified by region based on US Census Bureau data. Jobs were further categorized as academic or nonacademic depending on the employer. The prevalence of job openings per 10 million population was calculated to account for regional population differences...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816156/erratum-to-ringash-j-fisher-r-peters-l-et%C3%A2-al-effect-of-p16-status-on-the-quality-of-life-experience-during-chemoradiation-for-locally-advanced-oropharyngeal-cancer-a-substudy-of-randomized-trial-trans-tasman-radiation-oncology-group-trog-%C3%A2-02-02-headstart
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814378/mhealth-technologies-for-palliative-care-patients-at-the-interface-of-in-patient-to-outpatient-care-protocol-of-feasibility-study-aiming-to-early-predict-deterioration-of-patient-s-health-status
#5
Gudrun Theile, Vanessa Klaas, Gerhard Tröster, Matthias Guckenberger
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are a particularly vulnerable population and one of the critical phases in patients' trajectories is discharge from specialized in-patient palliative care into outpatient care, where availability of a palliative care infrastructure is highly variable. A relevant number of potentially avoidable readmissions and emergency visits of palliative patients is observed due to rapid exacerbation of symptoms indicating the need for a closer patient monitoring...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808925/recommendations-of-the-spanish-brachytherapy-group-geb-of-spanish-society-of-radiation-oncology-seor-and-the-spanish-society-of-medical-physics-sefm-for-high-dose-rate-hdr-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-brachytherapy
#6
S Rodríguez, M Arenas, C Gutierrez, J Richart, J Perez-Calatayud, F Celada, M Santos, A Rovirosa
Clinical indications of brachytherapy in non-melanoma skin cancers, description of applicators and dosimetry recommendations are described based on the literature review, clinical practice and experience of Spanish Group of Brachytherapy and Spanish Society of Medical Physics reported in the XIV Annual Consensus Meeting on Non Melanoma Skin Cancer Brachytherapy held in Benidorm, Alicante (Spain) on October 21st, 2016. All the recommendations for which consensus was achieved are highlighted in blue. Regular and small surfaces may be treated with Leipzig, Valencia, flap applicators or electronic brachytherapy (EBT)...
August 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807698/-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-version
#7
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Elif Gezginci, Serap Korkmaz, Selcuk Demiral, Murat Beyzadeoglu
CONTEXT: Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version is a simple and non-burdensome tool used to evaluate the self-efficacy of the cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted on 143 cancer patients who received radiotherapy at the Department of Radiation Oncology at a Training and Research Hospital in Turkey...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807235/stereotactic-ablative-radiation-therapy-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-from-oligometastatic-to-localized-disease
#8
REVIEW
Filippo Alongi, Stefano Arcangeli, Luca Triggiani, Rosario Mazzola, Michela Buglione di Monale E Bastia, Sergio Fersino, Anna Baiguini, Barbara Alicja Jereczek-Fossa, Stefano Maria Magrini
Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has historically been considered a radioresistant cancer, and radiotherapy was usually delivered with a palliative goal. Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) allows the delivery of high doses on small treatment volumes in a safe and effective way, thus opening the doors to new applicationsof radiotherapy both in the treatment of the primary and oligometastasic disease. Aim of the current review is to explore the state of art of SABR in the therapeutic approach to RCC.
September 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805047/outcomes-of-post-prostatectomy-radiotherapy-at-a-regional-cancer-centre
#9
Luke Nicholls, Amber Winter, Ashley Harwood, Ashley Plank, Preeti Bagga, Winnie Wong, Eric Khoo
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the efficacy and toxicity of radiation therapy (RT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer at Radiation Oncology Centres, Toowoomba. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 130 consecutive patients with histologically proven prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent post-prostatectomy RT between January 2008 and December 2014 were analysed. Primary endpoint was Biochemical Recurrence (BCR) after RT. BCR was defined by PSA > 0...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802187/radiotherapy-access-in-belgium-how-far-are-we-from-evidence-based-utilisation
#10
Y Lievens, H De Schutter, K Stellamans, M Rosskamp, L Van Eycken
INTRODUCTION: Underutilisation of radiotherapy has been observed worldwide. To evaluate the current situation in Belgium, optimal utilisation proportions (OUPs) adopted from the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy and Oncology - Health Economics in Radiation Oncology (ESTRO-HERO) project were compared to actual utilisation proportions (AUPs) and with radiotherapy advised during the multidisciplinary cancer team (MDT) meetings. In addition, the impact of independent variables was analysed...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796558/treatment-of-nonmetastatic-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-american-urological-association-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-american-society-for-radiation-oncology-society-of-urologic-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-summary
#11
Sam S Chang, Bernard H Bochner, Roger Chou, Robert Dreicer, Ashish M Kamat, Seth P Lerner, Yair Lotan, Joshua J Meeks, Jeff M Michalski, Todd M Morgan, Diane Z Quale, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Anthony L Zietman, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796249/rho-inhibition-by-lovastatin-affects-apoptosis-and-dsb-repair-of-primary-human-lung-cells-in-vitro-and-lung-tissue-in-vivo-following-fractionated-irradiation
#12
Verena Ziegler, Christian Henninger, Ioannis Simiantonakis, Marcel Buchholzer, Mohammad Reza Ahmadian, Wilfried Budach, Gerhard Fritz
Thoracic radiotherapy causes damage of normal lung tissue, which limits the cumulative radiation dose and, hence, confines the anticancer efficacy of radiotherapy and impacts the quality of life of tumor patients. Ras-homologous (Rho) small GTPases regulate multiple stress responses and cell death. Therefore, we investigated whether pharmacological targeting of Rho signaling by the HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitor lovastatin influences ionizing radiation (IR)-induced toxicity in primary human lung fibroblasts, lung epithelial and lung microvascular endothelial cells in vitro and subchronic mouse lung tissue damage following hypo-fractionated irradiation (4x4 Gy)...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795286/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-strategies-for-patients-with-malignant-epidural-spinal-cord-compression
#13
REVIEW
Dilan A Patel, Jian L Campian
Malignant epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) is an oncologic emergency with the potential for devastating consequences for patients if not promptly diagnosed and treated. MESCC is diagnosed by imaging. MRI is by far the most sensitive test, preferably with gadolinium. Once the diagnosis of MESCC is suspected, patients with neurologic deficits should receive prompt administration of dexamethasone with a 10-mg IV loading dose followed by 4 mg every 6 h. Quick taper is recommended once the definitive treatment is established...
August 10, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781797/effect-of-modern-high-quality-prostate-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-on-outcome-evidence-from-a-community-radiation-oncology-program
#14
Johnny Kao, Amanda Zucker, Jonathan Timmins, Shankar Taramangalam, Jeffrey Pettit, Aaron J Woodall, Edward Loizides, Andrew T Wong
Radiation technique for prostate cancer has continuously evolved over the past several decades. The aim of the present study was to describe the effects of implementing modern prostate intensity-modulated radiation therapy (M-IMRT) on dosimetry and outcome. Between January 2010 and April 2012, 48 consecutive patients were treated with conventional prostate IMRT (C-IMRT) to a dose of 81 Gy. Between May 2012 and April 2015, 50 consecutive patients were treated with M-IMRT to the entire prostate to a dose of 75...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776964/a-modified-edmonton-symptom-assessment-scale-for-symptom-clusters-in-radiation-oncology-patients
#15
Peter A S Johnstone, Jae Lee, Jun-Min Zhou, Zhenjun Ma, Diane Portman, Heather Jim, Hsiang-Hsuan Michael Yu
Patient-reported outcomes regarding symptom burden may provide valuable information in addition to physician assessment. Systematic collection of patient-reported outcomes may be an important metric to identify unmet needs and improve quality of patient care. To understand common symptoms of patients seen in radiation oncology clinic, we examined the prospectively collected modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS-r) data to explore symptom clusters. Our clinic established use of a modified Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale in August 2015...
August 4, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776310/infrastructure-and-equipment-for-radiation-oncology-in-the-spanish-national-health-system-analysis-of-external-beam-radiotherapy-2015-2020
#16
A Rodríguez, M Algara, D Monge, J López-Torrecilla, F Caballero, R Morera, R Escó, H Pérez-Montero, C Ferrer, P C Lara
PURPOSE: Planning for radiation oncology requires reliable estimates of both demand for radiotherapy and availability of technological resources. This study compares radiotherapy resources in the 17 regions of the decentralised Spanish National Health System (SNHS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Sociedad Española de Oncología Radioterápica (SEOR) performed a cross-sectional survey of all Spanish radiation oncology services (ROS) in 2015. We collected data on SNHS radiotherapy units, recording the year of installation, specific features of linear accelerators (LINACs) and other treatment units, and radiotherapeutic techniques implemented by region...
August 3, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771086/exposure-to-low-dose-x-ray-radiation-alters-bone-progenitor-cells-and-bone-microarchitecture
#17
Florence Lima, Joshua M Swift, Elisabeth S Greene, Matthew R Allen, David A Cunningham, Leslie A Braby, Susan A Bloomfield
Exposure to high-dose ionizing radiation during medical treatment exerts well-documented deleterious effects on bone health, reducing bone density and contributing to bone growth retardation in young patients and spontaneous fracture in postmenopausal women. However, the majority of human radiation exposures occur in a much lower dose range than that used in the radiation oncology clinic. Furthermore, very few studies have examined the effects of low-dose ionizing radiation on bone integrity and results have been inconsistent...
August 3, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770295/inclusion-of-pet-ct-into-planning-of-primary-or-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-of-esophageal-cancer-improves-prognosis
#18
Jan-Christopher Metzger, Daniel Wollschläger, Matthias Miederer, Peter Vaupel, Markus Moehler, Heinz Schmidberger, Arnulf Mayer
BACKGROUND: PET-CT is widely used for both the staging and planning of primary or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. Inclusion of PET-CT information into radiotherapy planning often leads to substantial modifications of the target volume. In the case of detection of distant metastases, it may also result in a switch to a palliative treatment approach. This spares patients from therapy-related toxicities that provide no clinical benefit. However, due to a lack of studies, it is currently unclear whether the advantages of PET-CT also translate into a measurable improvement in patient survival...
August 2, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770294/automated-imrt-planning-in-pinnacle-a%C3%A2-study-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#19
J M A M Kusters, K Bzdusek, P Kumar, P G M van Kollenburg, M C Kunze-Busch, M Wendling, T Dijkema, J H A M Kaanders
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the performance and planning efficacy of the Auto-Planning (AP) module in the clinical version of Pinnacle 9.10 (Philips Radiation Oncology Systems, Fitchburg, WI, USA). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty automated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans were compared with the original manually planned clinical IMRT plans from patients with oropharyngeal cancer. RESULTS: Auto-Planning with IMRT offers similar coverage of the planning target volume as the original manually planned clinical plans, as well as better sparing of the contralateral parotid gland, contralateral submandibular gland, larynx, mandible, and brainstem...
August 2, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766904/technical-note-trog-15-01-spark-trial-multi-institutional-imaging-dose-measurement
#20
Kimberley Legge, Peter B Greer, Paul J Keall, Jeremy T Booth, Sankar Arumugam, Trevor Moodie, Doan T Nguyen, Jarad Martin, Daryl John O'Connor, Joerg Lehmann
PURPOSE: The Trans-Tasman Radiation Oncology Group (TROG) 15.01 Stereotactic Prostate Adaptive Radiotherapy utilizing Kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring (SPARK) trial is a multicenter trial using Kilovoltage Intrafraction Monitoring (KIM) to monitor prostate position during the delivery of prostate radiation therapy. KIM increases the accuracy of prostate radiation therapy treatments and allows for hypofractionation. However, an additional imaging dose is delivered to the patient. A standardized procedure to determine the imaging dose per frame delivered using KIM was developed and applied at four radiation therapy centers on three different types of linear accelerator...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
71318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"