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Radiation-oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452871/radiation-oncology-what-s-in-a-name
#1
Trevor J Royce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452837/dramatically-polarized-opinion-on-the-role-of-brachytherapy-boost-in-management-of-high-risk-prostate-cancer-a-survey-of-north-american-genitourinary-expert-radiation-oncologists
#2
Shearwood McClelland, Kiri A Sandler, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Timur Mitin
INTRODUCTION: Three randomized clinical trials have established brachytherapy (BT) boost in combination with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) as superior to definitive EBRT and ADT alone in terms of biochemical control (but not overall survival) at the expense of increased toxicity in men with high-risk (HR) prostate cancer (PCa). The current view regarding these 2 treatment algorithms among North American genitourinary (GU) experts is not known...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452269/progress-in-radiotherapy-for-regional-and-oligometastatic-disease-in-2017
#3
REVIEW
Suresh Senan, Chad G Rusthoven, Ben J Slotman, Shankar Siva
This review highlights key publications and abstracts in the field of radiation oncology for lung cancer in 2017, and attempts to place these in the context of developments for the broader thoracic oncology community.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446317/credentialing-of-radiotherapy-centres-in-australasia-for-trog-09-02-chisel-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-on-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-of-early-stage-lung-cancer
#4
Tomas Kron, Brent Chesson, Nicholas Hardcastle, Melissa Crain, Natalie Clements, Mark Burns, David Ball
OBJECTIVE: A randomised clinical trial comparing Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy (SABR) with conventional radiotherapy for early stage lung cancer has been conducted in Australia and New Zealand under the auspices of the TransTasman Radiation Oncology Group (NCT01014130). We report on the technical credentialing program as prerequisite for centres joining the trial. METHODS: Participating centres were asked to develop treatment plans for two test cases to assess their ability to create plans according to protocol...
February 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445299/choosing-wisely-after-publication-of-level-i-evidence-in-breast-cancer-radiotherapy
#5
Joshua R Niska, Sameer R Keole, Barbara A Pockaj, Michele Y Halyard, Samir H Patel, Donald W Northfelt, Richard J Gray, Nabil Wasif, Carlos E Vargas, William W Wong
Background: Recent trials in early-stage breast cancer support hypofractionated whole-breast radiotherapy (WBRT) as part of breast-conserving therapy (BCT). Evidence also suggests that radiotherapy (RT) omission may be reasonable for some patients over 70 years. Among radiation-delivery techniques, intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) is more expensive than 3-dimensional conformal RT (3DCRT). Based on this evidence, in 2013, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) recommended hypofractionated schedules for women aged ≥50 years with early-stage breast cancer and avoiding routine use of IMRT for WBRT...
2018: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443646/electronic-medical-record-based-radiation-oncology-toxicity-recording-instrument-aids-benchmarking-and-quality-improvement-in-the-clinic
#6
Kevin Albuquerque, Kellie Rodgers, Ann Spangler, Asal Rahimi, DuWayne Willett
PURPOSE: The on-treatment visit (OTV) for radiation oncology is essential for patient management. Radiation toxicities recorded during the OTV may be inconsistent because of the use of free text and the lack of treatment site-specific templates. We developed a radiation oncology toxicity recording instrument (ROTOX) in a health system electronic medical record (EMR). Our aims were to assess improvement in documentation of toxicities and to develop clinic toxicity benchmarks. METHODS: A ROTOX that was based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441697/long-term-outcomes-of-proton-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-in-japan-a-multi-institutional-survey-of-the-japanese-radiation-oncology-study-group
#7
Hiromitsu Iwata, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Masaru Takagi, Tomoaki Okimoto, Sigeyuki Murayama, Tetsuo Akimoto, Hitoshi Wada, Takeshi Arimura, Yoshitaka Sato, Masayuki Araya, Jun-Etsu Mizoe, Masahiko Gosho, Katsumasa Nakamura, Hiroki Shirato, Hideyuki Sakurai
This is the first multi-institutional retrospective survey of the long-term outcomes of proton therapy (PT) for prostate cancer in Japan. This retrospective analysis comprised prostate cancer patients treated with PT at seven centers between January 2008 and December 2011 and was approved by each Institutional Review Board. The NCCN classification was used. Biochemical relapse was based on the Phoenix definition (nadir + 2.0 ng/mL). Toxicities were evaluated with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431573/palliative-care-specialist-series-top-10-tips-palliative-care-clinicians-should-know-about-radiation-oncology
#8
Kavita V Dharmarajan, Shayna E Rich, Candice A Johnstone, Lauren M Hertan, Randy Wei, Lauren E Colbert, Joshua A Jones, Arif H Kamal, Christopher A Jones
As palliative care (PC) moves upstream in the course of advanced illness, it is critical that PC providers have a broad understanding of curative and palliative treatments for serious diseases. Possessing a working knowledge of radiation therapy (RT), one of the three pillars of cancer care, is crucial to PC providers given RT's role in both the curative and palliative settings. This article provides PC providers with a primer on the vocabulary of RT; the team of people involved in the planning of RT; and common indications, benefits, and side effects of treatment...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429920/impact-of-a-clinical-pathway-tool-on-appropriate-palliative-radiation-therapy-for-bone-metastases
#9
Lisa S Rotenstein, Alexander O Kerman, Joseph Killoran, Tracy A Balboni, Monica S Krishnan, Allison Taylor, Neil E Martin
PURPOSE: Clinical pathways increase compliance with treatment guidelines, improve outcomes, and reduce costs. Guidelines recommend single fraction radiation therapy (SFRT) for palliation of uncomplicated bone metastases, but implementation is variable. We examined the effects of a pathway tool on SFRT rates in an academic radiation oncology practice. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using published literature, clinical guidelines, and expert input, we designed a clinical pathway for bone metastases radiation therapy displayed on a Web-based electronic interface...
December 8, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428232/evaluating-the-effect-of-margin-consensus-guideline-publication-on-operative-patterns-and-financial-impact-of-breast-cancer-surgery
#10
Neal Bhutiani, Megan K Mercer, Katelynn C Bachmann, Samantha R Heidrich, Robert Cg Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Kelly M McMasters, Nicolás Ajkay
BACKGROUND: This study sought to evaluate re-excision rates, patient satisfaction with their breasts, and health care costs before and after publication of 2014 Society of Surgical Oncology - American Society of Radiation Oncology consensus guideline on margins for breast conservation surgery with whole-breast irradiation for stage I-II breast cancer at an academic institution. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with stage I and II invasive carcinoma who underwent partial mastectomy were divided into two groups based on whether they were treated before (PRE) or after (POST) guideline publication in March 2014...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426693/clinical-needs-assessment-for-sexual-health-among-cancer-patients-receiving-pelvic-radiation-implications-for-development-of-a-radiation-oncology-sexual-health-clinic
#11
Jennifer Y Wo, Lorraine C Drapek, Andrzej Niemierko, Brenda Silvia, Bridget N Noé, Andrea L Russo, David T Miyamoto, Theodore S Hong, Jason A Efstathiou, Anthony L Zietman, Don S Dizon
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients treated with pelvic radiation therapy (RT) often experience sexual health-related side effects during and following treatment. A clinical needs assessment was used to evaluate sexual health needs and to determine how needs differed between patients receiving and who had completed RT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A questionnaire was used to evaluate sexual health needs among patients treated with pelvic RT. All answers were rated using a 4-point Likert scale...
November 21, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420985/role-of-prostate-mr-imaging-in-radiation-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Cynthia Ménard, Eric Paulson, Tufve Nyholm, Patrick McLaughlin, Gary Liney, Piet Dirix, Uulke A van der Heide
The use of prostate MR imaging in radiotherapy continues to evolve. This article describes its current application in the selection of treatment regimens, integration in treatment planning or simulation, and assessment of response. An expert consensus statement from the annual MR in RT symposium is presented, as a list of 21 key quality indicators for the practice of MR imaging simulation in prostate cancer. Although imaging requirements generally follow PIRADSv2 guidelines, additional requirements specific to radiotherapy planning are described...
March 2018: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419944/incident-learning-in-radiation-oncology-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Eric C Ford, Suzanne Evans
Incident learning is a key component for maintaining safety and quality in healthcare. Its use is well-established and supported by professional society recommendations, regulations and accreditation, and objective evidence. There is an active interest in incident learning systems (ILS) in radiation oncology, with over forty publications since 2010. This article is intended as a comprehensive topic review of ILS in radiation oncology, including: history and summary of existing literature, nomenclature and categorization schemas, operational aspects of ILS at the institutional level including event handling and root-cause analysis, and national and international ILS for shared learning...
February 8, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413283/effects-of-proton-center-closure-on-pediatric-case-volume-and-resident-education-at-an-academic-cancer-center
#14
James O Galle, David E Long, Tim Lautenschlaeger, Richard C Zellars, Gordon A Watson, Susannah G Ellsworth
PURPOSE: To analyze effects of closure of an academic proton treatment center (PTC) on pediatric case volume, distribution, and resident education. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This was a review of 412 consecutive pediatric (age ≤18 years) cases treated at a single institution from 2012 to 2016. Residents' Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case logs for the same years were also analyzed. Characteristics of the patient population and resident case volumes before and after closure of the PTC are reported...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413279/role-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-guidelines-from-the-international-lymphoma-radiation-oncology-group
#15
REVIEW
Andrea K Ng, Joachim Yahalom, Jayant S Goda, Louis S Constine, Chelsea C Pinnix, Chris R Kelsey, Bradford Hoppe, Masahiko Oguchi, Chang-Ok Suh, Andrew Wirth, Shunan Qi, Andrew Davies, Craig H Moskowitz, Siddhartha Laskar, Yexiong Li, Peter M Mauch, Lena Specht, Timothy Illidge
Approximately 30% to 40% of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) will have either primary refractory disease or relapse after chemotherapy. In transplant-eligible patients, those with disease sensitive to salvage chemotherapy will significantly benefit from high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell transplantation. The rationale for considering radiation therapy (RT) for selected patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL as a part of the salvage program is based on data regarding the patterns of relapse and retrospective series showing improved local control and clinical outcomes for patients who received peritransplant RT...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413278/multicenter-study-of-carbon-ion-radiation-therapy-for-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-subanalysis-of-the-japan-carbon-ion-radiation-oncology-study-group-j-cros-study-1402-hn
#16
Nor Shazrina Sulaiman, Yusuke Demizu, Masashi Koto, Jun-Ichi Saitoh, Hiroaki Suefuji, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tatsuya Ohno, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Tomoaki Okimoto, Takashi Daimon, Kenji Nemoto, Takashi Nakano, Tadashi Kamada
PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyze the treatment outcomes of carbon-ion radiation therapy for adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the head and neck at 4 active carbon-ion facilities in Japan. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 289 patients who underwent carbon-ion radiation therapy for histology-proven ACC of the head and neck at 4 institutions in Japan between November 2003 and December 2014 were included in this study. RESULTS: Median patient age was 58 years (range, 12-83 years)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413271/value-of-elective-radiation-oncology-rotations-how-many-is-too-many
#17
Samuel Jang, Stephen A Rosenberg, Craig Hullet, Kristin A Bradley, Randall J Kimple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413269/development-of-a-radiation-oncology-resident-continuity-clinic-to-improve-clinical-competency-and-patient-compliance
#18
Stella K Yoo, Shelly X Bian, Eugene Lin, Sukhjeet S Batth, Lydia W Ng, Jacob Andrade, Patrick A Williams, Anthony H Pham, Omar M Ragab, Naomi R Schechter, Eric L Chang, Richard L S Jennelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413263/radiation-oncology-in-egypt-a-model-for-africa
#19
EDITORIAL
Mohamed S Zaghloul, Mai K Bishr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408347/relationship-between-citation-based-scholarly-activity-of-united-states-radiation-oncology-residents-and-subsequent-choice-of-academic-versus-private-practice-career
#20
Jan Chrastina, Zdeněk Novák, Tomáš Zeman, Věra Feitová, Dušan Hrabovský, Ivo Říha
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) were previously considered not suitable for neuroendoscopic treatment. New hydrocephalus theories support possible successful neuroendoscopy in such patients. METHODS: This study presents the results of neuroendoscopy in PTH and PHH with a background analysis. From 130 hydrocephalic patients after neuroendoscopic surgeries, 35 cases with PTH (11 patients) or PHH (24 patients - 9 acute, 10 subacute, 5 chronic) were found...
February 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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