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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799708/acute-and-mid-term-outcomes-of-stent-implantation-for-recurrent-coarctation-of-the-aorta-between-the-norwood-operation-and-fontan-completion-a-multi-center-pediatric-interventional-cardiology-early-career-society-investigation
#1
Osamah Aldoss, Bryan H Goldstein, Saar Danon, Sebastian Goreczny, Robert G Gray, Shyam Sathanandam, Wendy Whiteside, Derek A Williams, Jeffrey D Zampi
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate outcomes of stent implantation (SI) for recurrent coarctation of the aorta (RC) following the Norwood operation. BACKGROUND: RC is common following the Norwood operation. Balloon angioplasty (BA) is standard treatment but may result in unsatisfactory relief of RC. SI may improve RC, but outcome data are limited. METHODS: We performed a multi-center retrospective study of patients who underwent SI for RC between the Norwood operation and Fontan completion...
August 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741863/development-of-quality-metrics-for-ambulatory-pediatric-cardiology-infection-prevention
#2
Jonathan N Johnson, Cindy S Barrett, Wayne H Franklin, Eric M Graham, Nancy J Halnon, Brandy A Hattendorf, Catherine D Krawczeski, James J McGovern, Matthew J O'Connor, Amy H Schultz, Jeffrey M Vinocur, Devyani Chowdhury, Jeffrey B Anderson
INTRODUCTION: In 2012, the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) Adult Congenital and Pediatric Cardiology Council established a program to develop quality metrics to guide ambulatory practices for pediatric cardiology. The council chose five areas on which to focus their efforts; chest pain, Kawasaki Disease, tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries after arterial switch, and infection prevention. Here, we sought to describe the process, evaluation, and results of the Infection Prevention Committee's metric design process...
July 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#3
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699323/intra-procedural-continuous-dialysis-to-facilitate-interventional-catheterization-in-pediatric-patients-with-severe-renal-failure
#4
Angeline D Opina, Athar M Qureshi, Eileen Brewer, Ewa Elenberg, Sarah Swartz, Mini Michael, Henri Justino
BACKGROUND: Interventional catheterization procedures may be needed for patients with severe renal failure who are dependent on dialysis. To avoid the risk of fluid overload and electrolyte derangement during complex procedures in this oliguric/anuric patient population, we performed intra-procedural dialysis, either continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) or continous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of pediatric patients, ages 0-18 years, with dialysis-dependent renal failure who received CRRT or CCPD during catheterization procedures from January 2013 to March 2016...
July 12, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699125/uptake-of-predictive-genetic-testing-and-cardiac-evaluation-for-children-at-risk-for-an-inherited-arrhythmia-or-cardiomyopathy
#5
Susan Christian, Joseph Atallah, Robin Clegg, Michael Giuffre, Cathleen Huculak, Tara Dzwiniel, Jillian Parboosingh, Sherryl Taylor, Martin Somerville
Predictive genetic testing in minors should be considered when clinical intervention is available. Children who carry a pathogenic variant for an inherited arrhythmia or cardiomyopathy require regular cardiac screening and may be prescribed medication and/or be told to modify their physical activity. Medical genetics and pediatric cardiology charts were reviewed to identify factors associated with uptake of genetic testing and cardiac evaluation for children at risk for long QT syndrome, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667405/utilizing-hybrid-techniques-to-maximize-clinical-outcomes-in-congenital-heart-disease
#6
REVIEW
David W Bearl, Gregory A Fleming
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The past couple of decades have brought tremendous advances to the field of pediatric and adult congenital cardiology. Recent collaborations between interventional cardiologists and cardiac surgeons have sparked novel innovative hybrid procedures that provide potentially safer, faster, and less invasive alternatives to the management of many diseases. This paper will review the most recent advances in hybrid interventions in the field of pediatric and adult congenital cardiology...
August 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558846/perioperative-antibiotics-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
Vijay Anand, Angela Bates, Robin Featherstone, Srinivas Murthy
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infections in pediatric cardiac surgery are an ongoing clinical challenge, with rates between 1 and 20%. Perioperative antibiotics remain the standard for prevention of surgical-site infections, but the type of antibiotic and duration of administration remain poorly defined. Current levels of practice variation through informal surveys are very high. Rates of antibiotic-resistant organisms are increasing steadily around the world. METHODS/DESIGN: We will identify all controlled observational studies and randomized controlled trials examining prophylactic antibiotic use in pediatric cardiac surgery...
May 30, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547923/pediatric-heart-disease-simulation-curriculum-educating-the-pediatrician
#8
Tyler H Harris, Mark Adler, Sharon M Unti, Mary E McBride
BACKGROUND: Training guidelines state that pediatricians should be able to diagnose, manage, and triage patients with heart disease. Acutely ill cardiac patients present infrequently and with high acuity, yet residents receive less exposure to acute cardiac conditions than previous generations. Trainees must learn to manage these situations despite this gap. Simulation has been used successfully to train learners to provide acute care. We hypothesized that a simulation-based cardiac curriculum would improve residents' ability to manage cardiac patients...
May 26, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514463/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidity-screening-guidelines
#9
Emily Osier, Audrey S Wang, Megha M Tollefson, Kelly M Cordoro, Stephen R Daniels, Andrew Eichenfield, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, Alexa B Kimball, Mark Lebwohl, Nehal N Mehta, Amy S Paller, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Dennis M Styne, Abby S Van Voorhees, Wynnis L Tom, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Importance: Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory skin condition associated with serious medical comorbidities in adults, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. Because psoriasis begins in childhood in almost one-third of patients, early identification of risk may be critical to minimizing effects on future health. Objective: To develop the first set of guidelines for comorbidity screening for patients with pediatric psoriasis based on current evidence...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469533/effect-of-a-pediatric-prescription-medication-discharge-program-on-reducing-hospital-readmission-rates
#10
Laura A Leathers, Kristy L Brittain, Kelly Crowley
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pediatric prescription medication discharge delivery and counseling program, implemented at an 186-bed children's hospital integrated within a larger academic medical center, and its effectiveness on reducing hospital readmissions. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of existing data in the electronic medical record from patients <21 years of age who were discharged from our institution between September 1, 2014, and November 30, 2014...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436742/training-pediatric-fellows-in-palliative-care-a-pilot-comparison-of-simulation-training-and-didactic-education
#12
Katharine E Brock, Harvey J Cohen, Barbara M Sourkes, Julie J Good, Louis P Halamek
BACKGROUND: Pediatric fellows receive little palliative care (PC) education and have few opportunities to practice communication skills. OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study, we assessed (1) the relative effectiveness of simulation-based versus didactic education, (2) communication skill retention, and (3) effect on PC consultation rates. DESIGN: Thirty-five pediatric fellows in cardiology, critical care, hematology/oncology, and neonatology at two institutions enrolled: 17 in the intervention (simulation-based) group (single institution) and 18 in the control (didactic education) group (second institution)...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#13
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319472/infective-endocarditis-in-children-an-update
#14
Garth Dixon, Georgi Christov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Infective endocarditis in children remains a clinical challenge. Here, we review the impact of the updated 2015 American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology guidelines on management as well as the significance of the new predisposing factors, diagnostic and treatment options, and the impact of the 2007-2008 change in prophylaxis recommendations. RECENT FINDINGS: The new 2015 infective endocarditis guidelines introduced the endocarditis team, added the new imaging modalities of computer tomography and PET-computer tomography into the diagnostic criteria and endorsed the concept of safety of relatively early surgical treatment...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289528/clinical-cardiac-regenerative-studies-in-children
#15
REVIEW
Imre J Pavo, Ina Michel-Behnke
Although the incidence of pediatric heart failure is low, the mortality is relatively high, with severe clinical symptoms requiring repeated hospitalization or intensive care treatment in the surviving patients. Cardiac biopsy specimens have revealed a higher number of resident human cardiac progenitor cells, with greater proliferation and differentiation capacity, in the neonatal period as compared with adults, demonstrating the regeneration potential of the young heart, with rising interest in cardiac regeneration therapy in critically ill pediatric patients...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277918/concordance-of-fetal-echocardiography-in-the-diagnosis-of-congenital-cardiac-disease-utilizing-updated-guidelines
#16
Marijo Aguilera, Kirsten Dummer
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the concordance of prenatally diagnosed congenital cardiac disease with postnatal echocardiography. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who underwent fetal echocardiograms performed by pediatric cardiologists at a single referral center from January to December 2014 were reviewed. Fetal echocardiography exams were performed in accordance with guidelines by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) and the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines (2013 and 2014, respectively)...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271153/low-iron-stores-in-otherwise-healthy-children-affect-electrocardiographic-markers-of-important-cardiac-events
#17
Cem Karadeniz, Rahmi Özdemir, Mustafa Demirol, Nagehan Katipoğlu, Yılmaz Yozgat, Timur Meşe, Nurettin Ünal
Both an excess of iron and iron deficiency (ID) may lead to significant cardiac problems. Parameters that represent ventricular repolarization heterogeneity, like QT dispersion (QTd), corrected QT dispersion (QTcd), the interval between the peak and the end of the T wave (Tp-e), and Tp-e dispersion, have not been evaluated in otherwise healthy children with low iron levels before. Here we assessed the effects of low iron storage on P wave dispersion (PWd), QTd, Tp-e intervals, and Tp-e dispersion in otherwise healthy children...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255743/the-role-and-limitations-of-cochrane-reviews-at-the-bedside-a%C3%A2-systematic-synopsis-of-five-pediatric-subspecialties
#18
Sascha Meyer, Martin Poryo, Sara Khosrawikatoli, Yvonne Goda, Michael Zemlin
BACKGROUND: Cochrane meta-analyses provide the physician at the bedside with the most relevant, up-to-date clinical information. However, implementation of evidence-based medicine (EBM) at the bedside may be difficult for a variety of reasons. The aim of this study was to assess relevant issues and obstacles related to implementing EBM in pediatrics in real life at the bedside/cotside. METHODS: We performed five systematic literature reviews of all published Cochrane reviews in neonatology (1996-2010), pediatric neurology (1996-2010), pediatric gastroenterology (1993-2012), pediatric cardiology (2001-2015), and complementary and alternative medicine (1996-2012; CAM) in children and neonates...
March 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239752/potential-and-limitations-of-cochrane-reviews-in-pediatric-cardiology-a-systematic-analysis
#19
Martin Poryo, Sara Khosrawikatoli, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Sascha Meyer
Evidence-based medicine has contributed substantially to the quality of medical care in pediatric and adult cardiology. However, our impression from the bedside is that a substantial number of Cochrane reviews generate inconclusive data that are of limited clinical benefit. We performed a systematic synopsis of Cochrane reviews published between 2001 and 2015 in the field of pediatric cardiology. Main outcome parameters were the number and percentage of conclusive, partly conclusive, and inconclusive reviews as well as their recommendations and their development over three a priori defined intervals...
April 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225219/educational-intervention-for-improving-the-appropriateness-of-transthoracic-echocardiograms-ordered-by-pediatric-cardiologists
#20
Ritu Sachdeva, Pamela S Douglas, Michael S Kelleman, Courtney E McCracken, Leo Lopez, Kenan W D Stern, Benjamin W Eidem, Oscar J Benavidez, Rory B Weiner, Elizabeth Welch, Robert M Campbell, Wyman W Lai
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of educational intervention (EI) in the Pediatric Appropriate Use of Echocardiography (PAUSE) study to improve appropriateness of transthoracic echocardiograms (TTEs) ordered in pediatric cardiology clinics. DESIGN: Data were prospectively collected after the publication of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) document during 2 phases: the pre-EI phase (1/1/15 to 4/30/15) and the post-EI phase (7/1/15 to 10/30/15)...
May 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
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