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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088867/the-political-use-of-psychiatry-a-comparison-between-totalitarian-regimes
#1
Massimiliano Buoli, Aldo Sabino Giannuli
BACKGROUND: After the end of Second World War, the recent experience of the Nazi horrors stimulated a debate about the political use of psychiatry. Over the years, the focus shifted on major dictatorships of the time and especially on Soviet Union. AIMS: This article aims to provide a critical review of the ways in which psychiatry was used by totalitarian regimes of the 20th century. METHODS: We summarized relevant literature about political use of psychiatry in totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, with particular focus on Fascism, Nazism, Argentina dictatorship, Soviet Union and China...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079093/tilikum-dies-us-antibiotic-ban-and-a-nazi-science-probe
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077842/psychoanalysis-and-the-emigration-of-central-and-eastern-european-intellectuals
#3
Ferenc Erős
One of the most important phenomena in the intellectual history of the 20th century was the exodus of the European mind, the emigration of persons, ideas, techniques, and institutions in the vast areas of social, human, and natural sciences, as well as in literature and the visual arts. Among these exiled intellectuals, psychoanalysts formed a special group. This paper examines the major lines of the emigration of psychoanalysts from the countries of issue to the countries of reception. It focuses, in particular on Hungarian analysts and analytic candidates who left their country of birth in two waves, first after the failure of revolutions in 1918/19 for Berlin, and then after 1938, to escape the Nazis...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059721/germany-to-probe-nazi-era-medical-science
#4
Megan Gannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032138/holocaust-exposure-and-subsequent-suicide-risk-a-population-based-study
#5
Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Itzhak Levav, Stephen Z Levine
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the extent of genocide exposure and subsequent suicide risk among Holocaust survivors. METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014). They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006988/the-use-of-spirituality-and-religiosity-in-coping-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
Nazi Nejat, Lisa Whitehead, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: Spirituality and religiosity are reported as important in coping with cancer. Little work has focussed on colorectal cancer and expanding cultural understanding is important in the provision of holistic care through transcultural nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore and compare the use of spirituality and religiosity in coping with colorectal cancer in New Zealand and Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional qualitative approach involving interviews conducted in New Zealand (n=20) and Iran (n=20)...
December 22, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002856/-the-changing-value-of-mother-s-milk-feeding-premature-and-sick-newborns-since-the-late-19th-century
#7
A Sunder-Plaßmann
In the 1960s/early 70s there was a widespread conviction in West Germany that mother's milk was no longer essential even for premature infants given the availability of improved industrial milk products. But today the superiority of human milk is again undisputed, and progress in neonatology has created a growing target group of extremely premature infants who show clear benefits from being fed with human milk, particularly regarding improved outcomes. Currently there is a revival of donor milk banks (FMB)...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968937/the-fate-of-hungarian-jewish-dermatologists-during-the-holocaust-part-2-under-nazi-rule
#8
Julia Bock, Walter H C Burgdorf, Leonard J Hoenig, Lawrence Charles Parish
At least 564,500 Hungarian Jews perished during the Holocaust, including many physicians. Exactly how many Jewish dermatologists were killed is not known. We have identified 62 Hungarian Jewish dermatologists from this period: 19 of these dermatologists died in concentration camps or were shot in Hungary, 3 committed suicide, and 1 died shortly after the Holocaust, exhausted by the War. Fortunately, many Hungarian Jewish dermatologists survived the Holocaust. Some had fled Europe before the Nazi takeover, as was described in Part 1 of this contribution...
November 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906141/green-synthesis-of-zno-nanoparticles-by-olive-olea-europaea
#9
Shahla Hashemi, Zahra Asrar, Shahram Pourseyedi, Nazi Nadernejad
Green synthesis of nanoparticles is superior to physical and chemical methods as it is environment-friendly and cost-effective. The present study was carried out for inducing nanoparticles synthesis by zinc nitrate in the leaves extracts of olive. Further leaves extracts were evaluated for antiradical scavenging activity by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl assay. Morphological and structural properties of the synthesised ZnO nanoparticles have been characterised using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, FTIR, TEM, XRD and dynamic light scattering (DLS) analysis...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876686/encouraging-patient-portal-use-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home-three-stakeholder-perspectives
#10
Gemmae M Fix, Timothy P Hogan, Daniel J Amante, D Keith McInnes, Kim M Nazi, Steven R Simon
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations are increasingly offering patients access to their electronic medical record and the ability to communicate with their providers through Web-based patient portals, thus playing a prominent role within the patient-centered medical home (PCMH). However, despite enthusiasm, adoption remains low. OBJECTIVE: We examined factors in the PCMH context that may affect efforts to improve enrollment in a patient portal. METHODS: Using a sociotechnical approach, we conducted qualitative, semistructured interviews with patients and providers from 3 primary care clinics and with national leaders from across a large integrated health care system...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861831/freud-s-paternity-crises
#11
Edward A Jones
This article reexamines the interpretation of the significance of the Aliquis slip and related materials in terms of a family crisis in 1900 involving Freud, Anna Freud Bernays and their youngest sister Paula. It contends that Ernest Jones and Anna Freud later hid this story from history, largely for family reasons. It supports this contention by drawing on Ernest Jones and Anna Freud's archived letters, Anna Freud Bernays' memoirs, the complete Freud-Fliess letters and other historical sources and compares them to The Origins of Psychoanalysis and to Ernest Jones' biography of Freud...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822147/impact-of-librarians-on-reporting-of-the-literature-searching-component-of-pediatric-systematic-reviews
#12
Deborah Meert, Nazi Torabi, John Costella
OBJECTIVE: A critical element in conducting a systematic review is the identification of studies. To date, very little empirical evidence has been reported on whether the presence of a librarian or information professional can contribute to the quality of the final product. The goal of this study was to compare the reporting rigor of the literature searching component of systematic reviews with and without the help of a librarian. METHOD: Systematic reviews published from 2002 to 2011 in the twenty highest impact factor pediatrics journals were collected from MEDLINE...
October 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795453/medical-research-in-stalin-s-gulag
#13
Golfo Alexopoulos
Recently declassified Gulag archives reveal for the first time that the Stalinist leadership established medical research laboratories in the camps. The present work offers an initial reading of the medical research conducted by and on prisoners in Stalin's Gulag. Although Gulag science did not apparently possess the lethal character of Nazi medicine, neither was this work entirely benign. I argue that the highly constrained environment of the Stalinist camps distorted medical science. Scientists were forced to produce work agreeable to their Gulag administrators...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784741/psychopathology-of-children-of-genocide-survivors-a-systematic-review-on-the-impact-of-genocide-on-their-children-s-psychopathology-from-five-countries
#14
Jutta Lindert, Haim Y Knobler, Ichiro Kawachi, Paul A Bain, Moshe Z Abramowitz, Charlotte McKee, Shula Reinharz, Martin McKee
BACKGROUND: The health consequences of genocides on children of survivors are increasingly discussed but conclusions have been conflicting. METHODS: We systematically reviewed studies from five electronic databases (EMBASE, PILOTS, PUBMED, PsycINFO, Web of Science), which used a quantitative study design and included: (i) exposure to the genocides of Armenians in Nazi Germany, Cambodia, Rwanda and Bosnia; (ii) mental health outcomes; (iii) validated instruments; (iv) statistical tests of associations...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773773/how-the-anatomische-gesellschaft-excluded-unwanted-members-after-1945-among-them-eugen-fischer-and-max-clara
#15
Andreas Winkelmann
The Anatomische Gesellschaft, an international Germany-based association of anatomists, was closed down in 1945, after the end of the "Third Reich". It was eventually re-founded in 1949, continuing its tradition from its foundation in 1886, based in large part on the membership prior to 1945. Newly available archival material reveals, however, that at least six members were explicitly prevented from re-joining the society. This includes Max Clara, who was accused of plagiarism and, at least implicitly, of basing his career on Nazi party support...
January 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754896/thrombotic-microangiopathies-a-general-approach-to-diagnosis-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Donald M Arnold, Christopher J Patriquin, Ishac Nazy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744425/german-neurology-and-the-third-reich
#17
Michael Martin, Heiner Fangerau, Axel Karenberg
BACKGROUND: This paper summarizes the current state of research into the role of German neurology during National Socialism (NS) on the basis of extensive secondary literature and key original sources. SUMMARY: As early as 1933, many neurologists and neuroscientists who had been branded as 'non-Aryan' and/or politically persecuted had to leave Germany, were driven to suicide or killed in concentration camps. Two years later, the regulatory merger with the Psychiatrists' Association caused the cautious attempts of the institutionally hampered discipline for autonomy to end in complete failure...
2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726644/the-veteran-initiated-electronic-care-coordination-a-multisite-initiative-to-promote-and-evaluate-consumer-mediated-health-information-exchange
#18
Dawn M Klein, Kassi Pham, Leila Samy, Adam Bluth, Kim M Nazi, Matthew Witry, J Stacey Klutts, Kathleen M Grant, Adi V Gundlapalli, Gary Kochersberger, Laurie Pfeiffer, Sergio Romero, Brian Vetter, Carolyn L Turvey
INTRODUCTION: Information continuity is critical to person-centered care when patients receive care from multiple healthcare systems. Patients can access their electronic health record data through patient portals to facilitate information exchange. This pilot was developed to improve care continuity for rural Veterans by (1) promoting the use of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) patient portal to share health information with non-VA providers, and (2) evaluating the impact of health information sharing at a community appointment...
October 11, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713112/developing-a-health-information-technology-systems-matrix-a-qualitative-participatory-approach
#19
Jolie N Haun, Margeaux Chavez, Kim M Nazi, Nicole Antinori
BACKGROUND: The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has developed various health information technology (HIT) resources to provide accessible veteran-centered health care. Currently, the VA is undergoing a major reorganization of VA HIT to develop a fully integrated system to meet consumer needs. Although extensive system documentation exists for various VA HIT systems, a more centralized and integrated perspective with clear documentation is needed in order to support effective analysis, strategy, planning, and use...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647581/mercy-killing-in-neurology-the-beginnings-of-neurology-on-screen-ii
#20
Eelco F M Wijdicks, Axel Karenberg
The history of Neurocinema includes neuroethics, and this theme was first used in 2 films released in the 1940s in both Germany and the United States. Ich Klage An (I Accuse) is about "terminal" multiple sclerosis in a young woman and the decision to determine one's own fate. The protagonist anticipates becoming "deaf, blind, and idiotic" and asks her husband to administer a toxic drug dose, which he does. The film disturbingly suggests that the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is tantamount to a death sentence...
September 20, 2016: Neurology
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