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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241240/clinical-practice-informs-secure-messaging-benefits-and-best-practices
#1
Jolie N Haun, Wendy Hathaway, Margeaux Chavez, Nicole Antinori, Brian Vetter, Brian K Miller, Tracey L Martin, Lisa Kendziora, Kim M Nazi, Christine Melillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207433/-from-the-history-of-the-german-society-of-internal-medicine-dgim-part-1-the-dgim-in-the-nazi-era
#2
Ralf Forsbach, Hans-Georg Hofer
51 years after its founding in 1882, the "Congress for Internal Medicine", 1920 renamed "German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM)", fell into heavy water. While during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic the medical care for the individual patient had never been seriously questioned, the proclaimed "Third Reich" brought fundamental changes. The 1164 male and 13 female physicians, who had been organized in the DGIM 1933, had to position themselves in the Nazi dictatorship. The same applied for the society as a whole...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172900/development-of-a-high-yield-expression-and-purification-system-for-platelet-factor-4
#3
Angela Huynh, Donald M Arnold, Jane C Moore, James W Smith, John G Kelton, Ishac Nazy
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse drug reaction characterized by IgG antibodies bound to complexes of platelet factor 4 (PF4) and heparin. The majority of diagnostic tests for HIT rely on an exogenous source of PF4 to identify anti-PF4/heparin antibodies. These include the PF4-dependent enhanced serotonin release assay (PF4-SRA) among others. Using a bacterial expression system, we developed a novel and efficient method of producing recombinant human PF4 (rhPF4) that is biochemically and antigenically similar to platelet-derived human PF4...
November 27, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161068/the-nazi-physicians-as-leaders-in-eugenics-and-euthanasia-lessons-for-today
#4
Michael A Grodin, Erin L Miller, Johnathan I Kelly
This article, in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg, reflects on the Nazi eugenics and "euthanasia" programs and their relevance for today. The Nazi doctors used eugenic ideals to justify sterilizations, child and adult "euthanasia," and, ultimately, genocide. Contemporary euthanasia has experienced a progression from voluntary to nonvoluntary and from passive to active killing. Modern eugenics has included both positive and negative selective activities. The 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial at Nuremberg provides an important opportunity to reflect on the implications of the Nazi eugenics and "euthanasia" programs for contemporary health law, bioethics, and human rights...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161065/from-nuremberg-to-guantanamo-bay-uses-of-physicians-in-the-war-on-terror
#5
Sondra S Crosby, Gilbert Benavidez
Seventy years after the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial, health professionals and lawyers working together after 9/11 played a critical role in designing, justifying, and carrying out the US state-sponsored torture program in the CIA "Black Sites" and US military detention centers, including Abu Ghraib, Bagram, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. We analyze the similarities between the Nazi doctors and health professionals in the War on Terror and address the question of how it happened that health professionals, including doctors, psychologists, physician assistants, and nurses, acted as agents of the state to utilize their medical and healing skills to cause harm and sanitize barbarous acts, similar to (though not on the scale of) how Nazi doctors were used by the Third Reich...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161060/beyond-nazi-war-crimes-experiments-the-voluntary-consent-requirement-of-the-nuremberg-code-at-70
#6
George J Annas
The year 2017 marks both the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Code and the first major revisions of federal research regulations in almost 3 decades. I suggest that the informed consent provisions of the federal research regulations continue to follow the requirements of the Nuremberg Code. However, modifications are needed to the informed consent (and institutional review board) provisions to make the revised federal regulations more effective in promoting a genuine conversation between the researcher and the research subject...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161059/american-doctors-at-the-nuremberg-medical-trial
#7
Evelyne Shuster
Three Hippocratic physicians played critical roles in the prosecution of 23 Nazi doctors charged with murder and torture for conducting lethal medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners. Two of the physicians, Leopold Alexander and Andrew C. Ivy, were Americans, and the other, Werner Leibbrandt, was German. At the 70th anniversary of the Doctors' Trial it is fitting to recall the three's influences and contributions to the formulation of strict research ethics rules, known as the Nuremberg Code. Their contributions help us better understand why they insisted on strict research rules and yet ultimately were unable to apply these rules to their own research...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159768/the-impact-of-dealing-with-the-late-effects-of-national-socialist-terror-on-west-german-psychiatric-care
#8
Felicitas Söhner, Gerhard Baader
Health damages and the late effects of NS trauma were largely ignored in German-speaking countries. This paper describes how dealing with the late effects of Nazi terror influenced post-war psychiatry in West Germany and thus the development of the psychiatric reform. As part of a greater overview study of the impulses and framework conditions of the reform-orientated development of post-war psychiatry in West Germany, this analysis is based on a thorough literary and documentary analysis. The sources show that publications by Helmut Paul and Herberg [81] as well as Baeyer et al...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135293/-from-the-hallervorden-spatz-eponym-to-the-molecular-terminology
#9
Ferenc Garzuly
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: A combination of Niemann-Pick- and Hallervorden-Spatz diseases led to the death of a 17-year-old boy in 1994. Genetic counseling necessitated further investigations in 2017. Meanwhile, the nomenclature of Hallervorden-Spatz disease has been abandoned. The author analyze the reasons for this change. METHOD: Professional activities of Hallervorden and Spatz during and after the Nazi euthanasia program are presented. Also, the scientific efforts that led to the discovery of the genetic background of the disease and ultimately to its new name are highlighted...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081316/conditions-of-life-and-death-of-psychiatric-patients-in-france-during-world-war-ii-euthanasia-or-collateral-casualties
#10
Patrick Lemoine, Stephen M Stahl
Between 1940 and 1944, an estimated 48,588 patients resident in French psychiatric hospitals died of starvation. Standard prisons, while facing similar problems, did not experience the same number of deaths by starvation, partly due to their ability to develop a black market for food and rations. Patients in psychiatric hospitals, on the other hand, were completely at the mercy of their doctors and the personnel in charge. At Hôpital du Vinatier, a psychiatric facility in Lyon, the mortality rate increased sharply from 1940 to 1944...
October 30, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061553/veterans-preferences-for-exchanging-information-using-veterans-affairs-health-information-technologies-focus-group-results-and-modeling-simulations
#11
Jolie N Haun, Margeaux Chavez, Kim Nazi, Nicole Antinori, Christine Melillo, Bridget A Cotner, Wendy Hathaway, Ashley Cook, Nancy Wilck, Abigail Noonan
BACKGROUND: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has multiple health information technology (HIT) resources for veterans to support their health care management. These include a patient portal, VetLink Kiosks, mobile apps, and telehealth services. The veteran patient population has a variety of needs and preferences that can inform current VA HIT redesign efforts to meet consumer needs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe veterans' experiences using the current VA HIT and identify their vision for the future of an integrated VA HIT system...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042345/the-association-of-patient-factors-digital-access-and-online-behavior-on-sustained-patient-portal-use-a-prospective-cohort-of-enrolled-users
#12
Susan S Woods, Christopher W Forsberg, Erin C Schwartz, Kim M Nazi, Judith H Hibbard, Thomas K Houston, Martha Gerrity
BACKGROUND: As electronic health records and computerized workflows expand, there are unprecedented opportunities to digitally connect with patients using secure portals. To realize the value of patient portals, initial reach across populations will need to be demonstrated, as well as sustained usage over time. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to identify patient factors associated with short-term and long-term portal usage after patients registered to access all portal functions...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021128/psychometric-properties-of-patient-facing-ehealth-evaluation-measures-systematic-review-and-analysis
#13
Bonnie J Wakefield, Carolyn L Turvey, Kim M Nazi, John E Holman, Timothy P Hogan, Stephanie L Shimada, Diana R Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Significant resources are being invested into eHealth technology to improve health care. Few resources have focused on evaluating the impact of use on patient outcomes A standardized set of metrics used across health systems and research will enable aggregation of data to inform improved implementation, clinical practice, and ultimately health outcomes associated with use of patient-facing eHealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to conduct a systematic review to (1) identify existing instruments for eHealth research and implementation evaluation from the patient's point of view, (2) characterize measurement components, and (3) assess psychometrics...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019774/anti-tobacco-propaganda-soviet-union-versus-nazi-germany
#14
Alfredo Morabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972356/-in-search-for-the-grave-of-100-poles-executed-on-march-20-1942-in-zgierz-poland-research-by-sigo-network-for-genetic-identification-of-victims
#15
Renata Jacewicz, Andrzej Ossowski, Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Maciej Jędrzejczyk, Adam Prośniak, Katarzyna Bąbol-Pokora, Marta Diepenbroek, Maria Szargut, Grażyna Zielińska, Jarosław Berent
It can be reasonably assumed that remains exhumed in 2012 and 2013 during archaeological explorations conducted in the Lućmierz Forest, an important area on the map of the German Nazi terror in the region of Lodz (Poland), are in fact the remains of a hundred Poles murdered by the Nazis in Zgierz on March 20, 1942. By virtue of a decision of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance's Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation, the verification of this research hypothesis was entrusted to SIGO (Network for Genetic Identification of Victims) Consortium appointed by virtue of an agreement of December 11, 2015...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956074/strengthening-public-health-in-germany-overcoming-the-nazi-legacy-and-bismarck-s-aftermaths
#16
EDITORIAL
Oliver Razum, M Luisa Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#17
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876962/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-primary-immune-deficiencies-in-children
#18
Naila Nazi, Fani Ladomenou
Primary immune deficiencies (PID) in children are a rare but serious group of genetic disorders of the immune system which apart from the host's defenses, can also affect every system of the human body, including the gastrointestinal tract. In their severe form they can lead to increased susceptibility to serious infections during infancy and even death. In the less severe form, they can present later in childhood or adolescence with subtle signs and symptoms. As PID can often mimic gastrointestinal diseases, children presenting with atypical gastrointestinal disease and/or failure to respond to conventional therapy should be evaluated for an underlying primary immune disorder and initiated appropriate treatment...
September 6, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829187/mass-killing-under-the-guise-of-ect-the-darkest-chapter-in-the-history-of-biological-psychiatry
#19
G Gazdag, G S Ungvari, H Czech
Following its inception, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), rapidly spread all over the world, including Nazi Germany. Paradoxically, at the same time, the euthanasia programme was started in Germany: the extermination of people with intellectual disabilities and severe psychiatric disorders. In Lower Austria, Dr Emil Gelny, who had been granted a specialist qualification in psychiatry after three months of clinical training, took control of two psychiatric hospitals, in Gugging and Mauer-Öhling. In 1944, he began systematically killing patients with an ECT machine, something that was not practised anywhere else before or after, and remains unprecedented in the history of convulsive therapy...
August 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822851/-why-are-we-not-doing-more-for-them-genocide-prevention-lessons-from-the-kindertransport
#20
J Angel, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: Genocide remains one of the most widespread forms of preventable mortality and morbidity for children today. Despite the creation of multiple human rights treaties, genocide has not been eliminated and its effects disproportionally impact children. The Kindertransport was a series of rescue efforts that brought thousands of refugee children to the United Kingdom from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. This qualitative study asks what public health professionals can learn from the prevention efforts of the Kindertransport by examining the experiences and reflections of individuals rescued as children...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
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