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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805127/the-role-of-heroic-doubling-in-ideologically-motivated-state-and-terrorist-violence
#1
Roger Griffin
The psychiatrist Robert Lifton developed his model of 'doubling' to account for the capacity of some human beings to commit atrocities in one compartment of their lives, while continuing to maintain normal social relations in their domestic sphere, a phenomenon which he encountered both in interviews with former Nazi doctors working in concentration camps, and with terrorists belonging to the Japanese Aum Shinrikyo cult. By supplementing this model with a theory of heroization based on existential anthropology and Jung's concept of the Shadow, a composite heuristic explanatory paradigm is formed, 'heroic doubling', which may contribute to the empathetic understanding of acts of extreme violence being carried out by individuals who do not present symptoms of psychiatric disorder and maintain normal existences, yet are prepared to kill and be killed for a cause that confers on their lives a sense of transcendent purpose and sacrality...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791421/erratum-to-autoantibodies-to-desmogleins-1-and-3-in-patients-with-lichen-planus
#2
Vahide Lajevardi, Zahra Halaji, Forugh Ghaedi, Nazi Saljoughi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734270/a-case-study-of-an-unknown-mass-grave-hostages-killed-70-years-ago-by-a-nazi-firing-squad-identified-thanks-to-genetics
#3
Andrzej Ossowski, Marta Diepenbroek, Marcin Zwolski, Adam Falis, Maria Wróbel, Milena Bykowska-Witowska, Grażyna Zielińska, Maria Szargut, Tomasz Kupiec
Almost 6 million people died in Poland during the Nazi occupation and about 570 thousand during the Soviet occupation. But the end of the war was not the end of the trauma. Historians estimate that at least 30 thousand people were killed during the Stalinist regime in Poland. In 2012 the Institute of National Remembrance started to search for hidden burials of victims of communism. Many exhumations were carried out under the project. One of them took place in Białystok, eastern Poland. According to information gathered by local historians, a detention centre in the heart of city was the place of secret burials of victims of the communist regime...
July 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726831/second-world-war-paris-neurosurgeon-s-map-outwitted-nazis
#4
Pierre Bourdillon, Marc Lévêque, Caroline Apra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725097/surviving-the-holocaust-socio-demographic-differences-among-amsterdam-jews
#5
Peter Tammes
This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to post-war lists of Jewish victims and survivors, the victimisation rate lies between 74.3 and 75.3 %. Differences in survival chances and risk of being killed are examined by using multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses. While male Jews had a reduced risk of death, in the end their survival chances hardly differed from females...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714705/professional-psychology-in-germany-national-socialism-and-the-second-world-war
#6
Wolfgang Schönpflug
Hundreds of positions for psychologists were established after the National Socialists seized power in 1933. It has accordingly been asserted that professional psychology in Germany experienced significant growth during the National Socialist period. An analysis of archival materials and of a recent collection of biographies indicates otherwise, however. German psychology, in fact, declined because of systematic persecution and a surge of emigration, a deficit that subsequent cohorts were barely able to make up until 1945...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691178/cancer-risk-among-holocaust-survivors-in-israel-a-nationwide-study
#7
Siegal Sadetzki, Angela Chetrit, Laurence S Freedman, Nina Hakak, Micha Barchana, Raphael Catane, Mordechai Shani
BACKGROUND: Holocaust survivors during World War II were exposed to various factors that are associated with cancer risk. The objective of this study was to determine whether Holocaust survivors had an increased risk for developing cancer. METHODS: The study population included 152,622 survivors. The main analysis was based on a comparison between individuals who were entitled to compensation for suffering persecution during the war and individuals who were denied such compensation...
July 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679458/the-difference-between-ice-cream-and-nazis-moral-externalization-and-the-evolution-of-human-cooperation
#8
P Kyle Stanford
A range of empirical findings are first used to more precisely characterize our distinctive tendency to objectify or externalize moral demands, and it is then argued that this salient feature of our moral cognition represents a profound puzzle for evolutionary approaches to human moral psychology that existing proposals do not help to resolve. It is then proposed that such externalization facilitated a broader shift to a vastly more cooperative form of social life by establishing and maintaining a connection between the extent to which an agent is herself motivated by a given moral norm and the extent to which she uses conformity to that same norm as a criterion in evaluating candidate partners in social interaction generally...
July 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674915/autoantibodies-to-desmogleins-1-and-3-in-patients-with-lichen-planus
#9
Lajevardi Vahide, Halaji Zahra, Ghaedi Forugh, Saljoughi Nazi
There is controversy about the role of autoantibodies against desmoglein 1 and 3 (Dsg1 and 3) in the pathogenesis of lichen planus (LP); the authors planned this study to determine the presence of circulating levels of these antibodies in patients with different types of oral LP and to compare that with cutaneous LP and healthy controls. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test was performed on serum samples of 24 cases of erosive oral LP, 29 cases of reticular oral LP, 30 cases of cutaneous LP and 30 healthy controls...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674156/the-botulinum-toxin-legend-of-reinhard-heydrich-s-death-the-end-of-himmler-s-brain
#10
Laurent Tatu, Wolfgang Jost, Julien Bogousslavsky
The high-ranking German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was one of the main organizers of the mass murder of Jews during the Second World War. He died on June 4, 1942, in Prague after having been wounded in Operation Anthropoid planned by the British intelligence services. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Heydrich's death has been frequently presented in British, American, and French literature as the consequence of a bacteriologic attack. Botulinum toxin would have been used in the grenades or ammunition. We discuss the botulinum toxin hypothesis using the now declassified British archives of Operation Anthropoid and of the chemical and bacteriologic warfare centers to assess this hypothesis...
July 4, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#11
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604315/exploitation-of-the-vulnerable-in-research-responses-to-lessons-learnt-in-history
#12
Amaboo Dhai
The Nuremberg Trials raised insightful issues on how and why doctors who were trained in the Hippocratic tradition were able to commit such egregious and heinous medical crimes. The vulnerable were considered to be subhuman, of decreased intelligence, of no moral status and lacking human dignity. The reputation of the medical profession had been undermined, professionalism questioned and the doctor-patient relationship damaged as a result of the Nazi medical experiments. The World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki has been hailed as one of the most successful efforts in rescuing medical research from the darkness of the scandals and tragedies in health research...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577075/the-holocaust-of-the-disabled
#13
Massimo Fioranelli, Maria Grazia Roccia, Miriam Rovesti, Francesca Satolli, Paola Petrelli, Torello Lotti
The Holocaust is commonly known as the genocide perpetrated by the Nazi regime which killed six million European Jews. Not many people know, however, that another holocaust took place at the same time: the holocaust of the disabled. As Hitler pursued a strategic vision of a dominant, pure Aryan race, any inferior and weak human being was exterminated. A brief consideration is called for in order to not forget the horrifying events that took place at the beginning of the last century and in order to re-shape our concept of normality...
June 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504788/are-medical-eponyms-really-dying-out-a-study-of-their-usage-in-the-historical-biomedical-literature
#14
P B Thomas
Eponyms are a prominent feature of medical language. Many feel they have had their time and serve only to complicate medical education and conversation. Others argue that eponyms can make unmemorable concepts memorable, can concisely label complex concepts, and promote a valuable interest in medical history. It is frequently assumed that medical eponyms are marching towards extinction. However, this hypothesis has not been adequately tested. The fate of 8,636 eponyms from contemporary and historical registers is presented here...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498461/increased-production-of-human-fibroblast-growth-factor-17-in-escherichia-coli-and-proliferative-activity-in-nih3t3-cells
#15
Meiyu Wu, Na Song, Jiliang Cheng, Yang Zhao, Nazi Chen, Jisheng Ma, Xiaokun Li, Chao Jiang, Haijun Wang
Fibroblast growth factor 17 (FGF17) is a novel member of the FGFs family, which is essential for cell development, tissue repair, tumor growth and invasion. The aim of the current study was to obtain a high expression level of recombinant human FGF17 (rhFGF17), including soluble proteins and inclusion bodies. An optimized rhFGF17 cDNA sequence was cloned into a pET3a vector, then the pET3a‑hFGF17 vector was transformed into BL21(DE3)pLysS Escherichia coli cells. Expression was induced by optimizing the conditions using isopropyl β‑D‑1‑thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and it was confirmed that a 24‑h exposure to 0...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492270/diy-gene-engineering-an-attack-on-darwinism-and-a-probe-into-nazi-science
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474338/the-changing-psychology-of-culture-in-german-speaking-countries-a-google-ngram-study
#17
Nadja Younes, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
This article provides evidence for the long-term affiliation between ecological and cultural changes in German-speaking countries, based on the assumptions derived from social change and human development theory. Based on this theory, the increase in urbanisation, as a measure of ecological change, is associated with significant cultural changes of psychology. Whereas urbanisation is linked to greater individualistic values and materialistic attitudes, rural environments are strongly associated with collectivistic values like allegiance, prevalence of religion, and feelings of belonging and benevolence...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465569/child-survivors-stolen-childhood-scenic-memory-of-the-shoah-in-jewish-child-or-adolescent-survivors-of-nazi-persecution
#18
Kurt Grünberg, Friedrich Markert
Even today, there is inadequate awareness and recognition of Child Survivors whose psychic development was most seriously and lastingly marked and impaired by Nazi persecution. Based on their research the authors describe the delayed psychosocial consequences of the persecution of Child Survivors and postulate a fourth sequence of the traumatic process in old age. The authors discuss their involvement in the Child Survivors Conferences held in Berlin in 2014, and they describe micro-processes in the "scenic memory of the Shoah" related both to trauma transmission itself and to central conflicts in German-Jewish relations in post-Nazi Germany...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444742/the-effect-of-rituximab-on-anti-platelet-autoantibody-levels-in-patients-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#19
Donald M Arnold, John R Vrbensky, Nadia Karim, James W Smith, Yang Liu, Nikola Ivetic, John G Kelton, Ishac Nazy
Rituximab is an effective therapy resulting in a platelet count improvement in 60% of patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Rituximab depletes B cells; thus, a reduction in platelet autoantibody levels would be anticipated in patients who achieve a clinical response to this treatment. The objectives of this study were to determine whether rituximab was associated with a reduction in platelet autoantibody levels, and to correlate the loss of autoantibodies with the achievement of a treatment response...
July 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442477/nobel-laureate-a-v-hill-and-the-refugee-scholars-1933-1945
#20
Jack A Rall
A. V. Hill shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his investigation of the energetics of muscular contraction. His scientific work has been well chronicled over many years (Rall JA. Mechanism of Muscular Contraction, 2014). There is the natural tendency to focus solely on an investigator's scientific achievements. But in the case of Hill, it has been said (Katz B. Biogr Mem Fellows R Soc 24: 71-149, 1978) that "it was his devotion to such wider issues, outside the boundaries of his own research, through which he exerted his most important influence on other people's lives and on the course of events...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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