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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021128/psychometric-properties-of-patient-facing-ehealth-evaluation-measures-systematic-review-and-analysis
#1
Bonnie J Wakefield, Carolyn L Turvey, Kim M Nazi, John E Holman, Timothy P Hogan, Stephanie L Shimada, Diana R Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Significant resources are being invested into eHealth technology to improve health care. Few resources have focused on evaluating the impact of use on patient outcomes A standardized set of metrics used across health systems and research will enable aggregation of data to inform improved implementation, clinical practice, and ultimately health outcomes associated with use of patient-facing eHealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to conduct a systematic review to (1) identify existing instruments for eHealth research and implementation evaluation from the patient's point of view, (2) characterize measurement components, and (3) assess psychometrics...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019774/anti-tobacco-propaganda-soviet-union-versus-nazi-germany
#2
Alfredo Morabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972356/-in-search-for-the-grave-of-100-poles-executed-on-march-20-1942-in-zgierz-poland-research-by-sigo-network-for-genetic-identification-of-victims
#3
Renata Jacewicz, Andrzej Ossowski, Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Maciej Jędrzejczyk, Adam Prośniak, Katarzyna Bąbol-Pokora, Marta Diepenbroek, Maria Szargut, Grażyna Zielińska, Jarosław Berent
It can be reasonably assumed that remains exhumed in 2012 and 2013 during archaeological explorations conducted in the Lućmierz Forest, an important area on the map of the German Nazi terror in the region of Lodz (Poland), are in fact the remains of a hundred Poles murdered by the Nazis in Zgierz on March 20, 1942. By virtue of a decision of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance's Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation, the verification of this research hypothesis was entrusted to SIGO (Network for Genetic Identification of Victims) Consortium appointed by virtue of an agreement of December 11, 2015...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956074/strengthening-public-health-in-germany-overcoming-the-nazi-legacy-and-bismarck-s-aftermaths
#4
EDITORIAL
Oliver Razum, M Luisa Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#5
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876962/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-primary-immune-deficiencies-in-children
#6
Naila Nazi, Fani Ladomenou
Primary immune deficiencies (PID) in children are a rare but serious group of genetic disorders of the immune system which apart from the host's defenses, can also affect every system of the human body, including the gastrointestinal tract. In their severe form they can lead to increased susceptibility to serious infections during infancy and even death. In the less severe form, they can present later in childhood or adolescence with subtle signs and symptoms. As PID can often mimic gastrointestinal diseases, children presenting with atypical gastrointestinal disease and/or failure to respond to conventional therapy should be evaluated for an underlying primary immune disorder and initiated appropriate treatment...
September 6, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829187/mass-killing-under-the-guise-of-ect-the-darkest-chapter-in-the-history-of-biological-psychiatry
#7
G Gazdag, G S Ungvari, H Czech
Following its inception, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), rapidly spread all over the world, including Nazi Germany. Paradoxically, at the same time, the euthanasia programme was started in Germany: the extermination of people with intellectual disabilities and severe psychiatric disorders. In Lower Austria, Dr Emil Gelny, who had been granted a specialist qualification in psychiatry after three months of clinical training, took control of two psychiatric hospitals, in Gugging and Mauer-Öhling. In 1944, he began systematically killing patients with an ECT machine, something that was not practised anywhere else before or after, and remains unprecedented in the history of convulsive therapy...
August 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822851/-why-are-we-not-doing-more-for-them-genocide-prevention-lessons-from-the-kindertransport
#8
J Angel, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: Genocide remains one of the most widespread forms of preventable mortality and morbidity for children today. Despite the creation of multiple human rights treaties, genocide has not been eliminated and its effects disproportionally impact children. The Kindertransport was a series of rescue efforts that brought thousands of refugee children to the United Kingdom from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. This qualitative study asks what public health professionals can learn from the prevention efforts of the Kindertransport by examining the experiences and reflections of individuals rescued as children...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805127/the-role-of-heroic-doubling-in-ideologically-motivated-state-and-terrorist-violence
#9
Roger Griffin
The psychiatrist Robert Lifton developed his model of 'doubling' to account for the capacity of some human beings to commit atrocities in one compartment of their lives, while continuing to maintain normal social relations in their domestic sphere, a phenomenon which he encountered both in interviews with former Nazi doctors working in concentration camps, and with terrorists belonging to the Japanese Aum Shinrikyo cult. By supplementing this model with a theory of heroization based on existential anthropology and Jung's concept of the Shadow, a composite heuristic explanatory paradigm is formed, 'heroic doubling', which may contribute to the empathetic understanding of acts of extreme violence being carried out by individuals who do not present symptoms of psychiatric disorder and maintain normal existences, yet are prepared to kill and be killed for a cause that confers on their lives a sense of transcendent purpose and sacrality...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791421/erratum-to-autoantibodies-to-desmogleins-1-and-3-in-patients-with-lichen-planus
#10
Vahide Lajevardi, Zahra Halaji, Forugh Ghaedi, Nazi Saljoughi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734270/a-case-study-of-an-unknown-mass-grave-hostages-killed-70-years-ago-by-a-nazi-firing-squad-identified-thanks-to-genetics
#11
Andrzej Ossowski, Marta Diepenbroek, Marcin Zwolski, Adam Falis, Maria Wróbel, Milena Bykowska-Witowska, Grażyna Zielińska, Maria Szargut, Tomasz Kupiec
Almost 6 million people died in Poland during the Nazi occupation and about 570 thousand during the Soviet occupation. But the end of the war was not the end of the trauma. Historians estimate that at least 30 thousand people were killed during the Stalinist regime in Poland. In 2012 the Institute of National Remembrance started to search for hidden burials of victims of communism. Many exhumations were carried out under the project. One of them took place in Białystok, eastern Poland. According to information gathered by local historians, a detention centre in the heart of city was the place of secret burials of victims of the communist regime...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726831/second-world-war-paris-neurosurgeon-s-map-outwitted-nazis
#12
Pierre Bourdillon, Marc Lévêque, Caroline Apra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725097/surviving-the-holocaust-socio-demographic-differences-among-amsterdam-jews
#13
Peter Tammes
This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to post-war lists of Jewish victims and survivors, the victimisation rate lies between 74.3 and 75.3 %. Differences in survival chances and risk of being killed are examined by using multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses. While male Jews had a reduced risk of death, in the end their survival chances hardly differed from females...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714705/professional-psychology-in-germany-national-socialism-and-the-second-world-war
#14
Wolfgang Schönpflug
Hundreds of positions for psychologists were established after the National Socialists seized power in 1933. It has accordingly been asserted that professional psychology in Germany experienced significant growth during the National Socialist period. An analysis of archival materials and of a recent collection of biographies indicates otherwise, however. German psychology, in fact, declined because of systematic persecution and a surge of emigration, a deficit that subsequent cohorts were barely able to make up until 1945...
July 17, 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691178/cancer-risk-among-holocaust-survivors-in-israel-a-nationwide-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Siegal Sadetzki, Angela Chetrit, Laurence S Freedman, Nina Hakak, Micha Barchana, Raphael Catane, Mordechai Shani
BACKGROUND: Holocaust survivors during World War II were exposed to various factors that are associated with cancer risk. The objective of this study was to determine whether Holocaust survivors had an increased risk for developing cancer. METHODS: The study population included 152,622 survivors. The main analysis was based on a comparison between individuals who were entitled to compensation for suffering persecution during the war and individuals who were denied such compensation...
September 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679458/the-difference-between-ice-cream-and-nazis-moral-externalization-and-the-evolution-of-human-cooperation
#16
P Kyle Stanford
A range of empirical findings are first used to more precisely characterize our distinctive tendency to objectify or externalize moral demands, and it is then argued that this salient feature of our moral cognition represents a profound puzzle for evolutionary approaches to human moral psychology that existing proposals do not help to resolve. It is then proposed that such externalization facilitated a broader shift to a vastly more cooperative form of social life by establishing and maintaining a connection between the extent to which an agent is herself motivated by a given moral norm and the extent to which she uses conformity to that same norm as a criterion in evaluating candidate partners in social interaction generally...
July 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674915/autoantibodies-to-desmogleins-1-and-3-in-patients-with-lichen-planus
#17
Lajevardi Vahide, Halaji Zahra, Ghaedi Forugh, Saljoughi Nazi
There is controversy about the role of autoantibodies against desmoglein 1 and 3 (Dsg1 and 3) in the pathogenesis of lichen planus (LP); the authors planned this study to determine the presence of circulating levels of these antibodies in patients with different types of oral LP and to compare that with cutaneous LP and healthy controls. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test was performed on serum samples of 24 cases of erosive oral LP, 29 cases of reticular oral LP, 30 cases of cutaneous LP and 30 healthy controls...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674156/the-botulinum-toxin-legend-of-reinhard-heydrich-s-death-the-end-of-himmler-s-brain
#18
Laurent Tatu, Wolfgang Jost, Julien Bogousslavsky
The high-ranking German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was one of the main organizers of the mass murder of Jews during the Second World War. He died on June 4, 1942, in Prague after having been wounded in Operation Anthropoid planned by the British intelligence services. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Heydrich's death has been frequently presented in British, American, and French literature as the consequence of a bacteriologic attack. Botulinum toxin would have been used in the grenades or ammunition. We discuss the botulinum toxin hypothesis using the now declassified British archives of Operation Anthropoid and of the chemical and bacteriologic warfare centers to assess this hypothesis...
July 4, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#19
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604315/exploitation-of-the-vulnerable-in-research-responses-to-lessons-learnt-in-history
#20
Amaboo Dhai
The Nuremberg Trials raised insightful issues on how and why doctors who were trained in the Hippocratic tradition were able to commit such egregious and heinous medical crimes. The vulnerable were considered to be subhuman, of decreased intelligence, of no moral status and lacking human dignity. The reputation of the medical profession had been undermined, professionalism questioned and the doctor-patient relationship damaged as a result of the Nazi medical experiments. The World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki has been hailed as one of the most successful efforts in rescuing medical research from the darkness of the scandals and tragedies in health research...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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