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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#1
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604315/exploitation-of-the-vulnerable-in-research-responses-to-lessons-learnt-in-history
#2
Amaboo Dhai
The Nuremberg Trials raised insightful issues on how and why doctors who were trained in the Hippocratic tradition were able to commit such egregious and heinous medical crimes. The vulnerable were considered to be subhuman, of decreased intelligence, of no moral status and lacking human dignity. The reputation of the medical profession had been undermined, professionalism questioned and the doctor-patient relationship damaged as a result of the Nazi medical experiments. The World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki has been hailed as one of the most successful efforts in rescuing medical research from the darkness of the scandals and tragedies in health research...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577075/the-holocaust-of-the-disabled
#3
Massimo Fioranelli, Maria Grazia Roccia, Miriam Rovesti, Francesca Satolli, Paola Petrelli, Torello Lotti
The Holocaust is commonly known as the genocide perpetrated by the Nazi regime which killed six million European Jews. Not many people know, however, that another holocaust took place at the same time: the holocaust of the disabled. As Hitler pursued a strategic vision of a dominant, pure Aryan race, any inferior and weak human being was exterminated. A brief consideration is called for in order to not forget the horrifying events that took place at the beginning of the last century and in order to re-shape our concept of normality...
June 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504788/are-medical-eponyms-really-dying-out-a-study-of-their-usage-in-the-historical-biomedical-literature
#4
P B Thomas
Eponyms are a prominent feature of medical language. Many feel they have had their time and serve only to complicate medical education and conversation. Others argue that eponyms can make unmemorable concepts memorable, can concisely label complex concepts, and promote a valuable interest in medical history. It is frequently assumed that medical eponyms are marching towards extinction. However, this hypothesis has not been adequately tested. The fate of 8,636 eponyms from contemporary and historical registers is presented here...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498461/increased-production-of-human-fibroblast-growth-factor-17-in-escherichia-coli-and-proliferative-activity-in-nih3t3-cells
#5
Meiyu Wu, Na Song, Jiliang Cheng, Yang Zhao, Nazi Chen, Jisheng Ma, Xiaokun Li, Chao Jiang, Haijun Wang
Fibroblast growth factor 17 (FGF17) is a novel member of the FGFs family, which is essential for cell development, tissue repair, tumor growth and invasion. The aim of the current study was to obtain a high expression level of recombinant human FGF17 (rhFGF17), including soluble proteins and inclusion bodies. An optimized rhFGF17 cDNA sequence was cloned into a pET3a vector, then the pET3a‑hFGF17 vector was transformed into BL21(DE3)pLysS Escherichia coli cells. Expression was induced by optimizing the conditions using isopropyl β‑D‑1‑thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and it was confirmed that a 24‑h exposure to 0...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492270/diy-gene-engineering-an-attack-on-darwinism-and-a-probe-into-nazi-science
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474338/the-changing-psychology-of-culture-in-german-speaking-countries-a-google-ngram-study
#7
Nadja Younes, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
This article provides evidence for the long-term affiliation between ecological and cultural changes in German-speaking countries, based on the assumptions derived from social change and human development theory. Based on this theory, the increase in urbanisation, as a measure of ecological change, is associated with significant cultural changes of psychology. Whereas urbanisation is linked to greater individualistic values and materialistic attitudes, rural environments are strongly associated with collectivistic values like allegiance, prevalence of religion, and feelings of belonging and benevolence...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465569/child-survivors-stolen-childhood-scenic-memory-of-the-shoah-in-jewish-child-or-adolescent-survivors-of-nazi-persecution
#8
Kurt Grünberg, Friedrich Markert
Even today, there is inadequate awareness and recognition of Child Survivors whose psychic development was most seriously and lastingly marked and impaired by Nazi persecution. Based on their research the authors describe the delayed psychosocial consequences of the persecution of Child Survivors and postulate a fourth sequence of the traumatic process in old age. The authors discuss their involvement in the Child Survivors Conferences held in Berlin in 2014, and they describe micro-processes in the "scenic memory of the Shoah" related both to trauma transmission itself and to central conflicts in German-Jewish relations in post-Nazi Germany...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444742/the-effect-of-rituximab-on-anti-platelet-autoantibody-levels-in-patients-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#9
Donald M Arnold, John R Vrbensky, Nadia Karim, James W Smith, Yang Liu, Nikola Ivetic, John G Kelton, Ishac Nazy
Rituximab is an effective therapy resulting in a platelet count improvement in 60% of patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Rituximab depletes B cells; thus, a reduction in platelet autoantibody levels would be anticipated in patients who achieve a clinical response to this treatment. The objectives of this study were to determine whether rituximab was associated with a reduction in platelet autoantibody levels, and to correlate the loss of autoantibodies with the achievement of a treatment response...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442477/nobel-laureate-a-v-hill-and-the-refugee-scholars-1933-1945
#10
Jack A Rall
A. V. Hill shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his investigation of the energetics of muscular contraction. His scientific work has been well chronicled over many years (Rall JA. Mechanism of Muscular Contraction, 2014). There is the natural tendency to focus solely on an investigator's scientific achievements. But in the case of Hill, it has been said (Katz B. Biogr Mem Fellows R Soc 24: 71-149, 1978) that "it was his devotion to such wider issues, outside the boundaries of his own research, through which he exerted his most important influence on other people's lives and on the course of events...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426734/study-of-deaths-by-suicide-of-homosexual-prisoners-in-nazi-sachsenhausen-concentration-camp
#11
Esther Cuerda-Galindo, Francisco López-Muñoz, Matthis Krischel, Astrid Ley
Living conditions in Nazi concentration camps were harsh and inhumane, leading many prisoners to commit suicide. Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg, Germany) was a concentration camp that operated from 1936 to 1945. More than 200,000 people were detained there under Nazi rule. This study analyzes deaths classified as suicides by inmates in this camp, classified as homosexuals, both according to the surviving Nazi files. This collective was especially repressed by the Nazi authorities. Data was collected from the archives of Sachsenhausen Memorial and the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418558/lectures-on-inhumanity-teaching-medical-ethics-in-german-medical-schools-under-nazism
#12
Florian Bruns, Tessa Chelouche
Nazi medicine and its atrocities have been explored in depth over the past few decades, but scholars have started to examine medical ethics under Nazism only in recent years. Given the medical crimes and immoral conduct of physicians during the Third Reich, it is often assumed that Nazi medical authorities spurned ethics. However, in 1939, Germany introduced mandatory lectures on ethics as part of the medical curriculum. Course catalogs and archival sources show that lectures on ethics were an integral part of the medical curriculum in Germany between 1939 and 1945...
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399103/-k-birnbaum-s-concept-of-psychopathic-personalities
#13
N Yu Pyatnitskiy
K. Birnbaum's concept of psychopathic personalities is analyzed. K. Birnbaum was one of the first psychiatrists who had suggested the differentiation of psychopathic personalities according to the degree of social damage they caused. As personality abnormality classification according to one prominent trait that led to hiding signs of the general psychopathic constitution in clinical description, as the reliance on erroneous genetic theories with idealization of social behavior norms led to the antihuman medical recommendations...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391124/performance-characteristics-of-an-automated-latex-immunoturbidimetric-assay-hemosil-%C3%A2-hit-ab-pf4-h-for-the-diagnosis-of-immune-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#14
Theodore E Warkentin, Jo-Ann I Sheppard, Lori-Ann Linkins, Donald M Arnold, Ishac Nazy
BACKGROUND: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a prothrombotic drug reaction caused by platelet-activating anti-PF4/heparin antibodies. Given time-sensitive treatment considerations, a rapid and accurate laboratory test for HIT antibodies is needed. AIMS: To determine operating characteristics for the HemosIL(®) HIT-Ab(PF4/H), a rapid, on-demand, fully-automated, latex immunoturbidimetric assay (LIA), for diagnosis of HIT. METHODS: We evaluated LIA sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV), negative (LR-) and positive likelihood ratio (LR+), using citrated-plasma from 429 patients (prospective cohort study of 4Ts scoring; HIT, n=31), and from consecutive HIT patients (n=125), using reference standard serotonin-release assay (SRA)...
May 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389680/-attempting-a-great-integration-paul-martini-and-the-first-post-war-conference-of-the-german-society-for-internal-medicine
#15
Ralf Forsbach, Hans-Georg Hofer
The long established German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM) profoundly incriminated itself through its actions and positions during the National Socialist era. The German clinical physician Paul Martini assumed the part of reorganizing the DGIM prior to its first post-war convention in 1948 in Karlsruhe. Martini, who himself had opposed the Nazi regime, adopted a course of comprehensive integration. He strived to incorporate both physicians who had been persecuted by the Nazi Regime as well as former moderate National Socialists into the DGIM...
April 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385619/medical-students-assessment-of-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-topographical-anatomy-of-man
#16
Demetrius M Coombs, Steven J Peitzman
INTRODUCTION: To date, there has been no study examining the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding Eduard Pernkopf's atlas, particularly during their study of gross anatomy and prior to coursework in medical ethics. We present a discussion of Pernkopf's Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man from the perspective of U.S. medical students, and sought to determine whether medical students view Pernkopf's Topographical Anatomy of Man as a resource of greater accuracy, detail, and potential educational utility as compared to Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy...
April 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377682/body-of-evidence-integrating-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-into-a-librarian-led-medical-humanities-seminar
#17
Keith C Mages, Linda A Lohr
BACKGROUND: Anatomical subjects depicted in Eduard Pernkopf's richly illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen may be victims of the Nazi regime. Special collections librarians in the history of medicine can use this primary resource to initiate dialogs about ethics with medical students. CASE PRESENTATION: Reported here is the authors' use of Pernkopf's Atlas in an interactive medical humanities seminar designed for third-year medical students. Topical articles, illustrations, and interviews introduced students to Pernkopf, his Atlas, and the surrounding controversies...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374706/-eponyms-related-to-nazism-neurosciences
#18
I V Damulin
The author considers eponymous names of CNS diseases related to physicians who had actively cooperated with Nazis during the Second World War. The data on the activity of some specialists in the field of neurosciences whose activity did not correspond to ethical values of the physician and the scientist are presented. The author suggests excluding a number of eponymous terms associated with the names of physicians, former Nazis or those who actively cooperated with Nazis.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369702/the-unique-immunological-features-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia
#19
REVIEW
Phillip Staibano, Donald M Arnold, Dawn M E Bowdish, Ishac Nazy
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a serious drug reaction that leads to a decrease in platelet count and a high risk of thrombosis. HIT patients produce pathogenic immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies that bind to complexes of platelet factor-4 (PF4) and heparin. HIT immune complexes crosslink Fc-receptors resulting in platelet and monocyte activation. These events lead to the release of procoagulant chemokines and tissue factor, which together create an intensely prothrombotic state. HIT represents an atypical immune response because it has features of both T cell-dependent and T cell-independent mechanisms...
April 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325112/potential-of-personal-health-record-portals-in-the-care-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders-provider-perspectives
#20
Jennifer N Hill, Bridget M Smith, Frances M Weaver, Kim M Nazi, Florian P Thomas, Barry Goldstein, Timothy P Hogan
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Although personal health record (PHR) portals are designed for patients, healthcare providers are a key influence in how patients use their features and realize benefits from them. A few studies have examined provider attitudes toward PHR portals, but none have focused on those who care for individuals with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D). We characterize SCI/D provider perspectives of PHR portals, including perceived advantages and disadvantages of PHR portal use in SCI/D care...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
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