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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244998/applicability-of-the-national-comprehensive-cancer-network-multinational-association-of-supportive-care-in-cancer-guidelines-for-prevention-and-management-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-southeast-asia-a-consensus-statement
#1
Alexandre Chan, Matin M Abdullah, Wan Zamaniah B Wan Ishak, Annielyn B Ong-Cornel, Antonio H Villalon, Ravindran Kanesvaran
A meeting of regional experts was convened in Manila, Philippines, to develop a resource-stratified chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) management guideline. In patients treated with highly emetogenic chemotherapy in general clinical settings, triple therapy with a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine-3 [5-HT3]) antagonist (preferably palonosetron), dexamethasone, and aprepitant is recommended for acute CINV prevention. In resource-restricted settings, triple therapy is still recommended, although a 5-HT3 antagonist other than palonosetron may be used...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244757/expression-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-under-stress-encountered-during-food-production-and-preservation
#2
REVIEW
Jenny Schelin, Yusak Budi Susilo, Sophia Johler
Staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP) is the most prevalent cause of food-borne intoxications worldwide. Consumption of enterotoxins preformed in food causes violent vomiting and can be fatal in children and the elderly. While being repressed by competing bacteria in most matrices, Staphylococcus aureus benefits from crucial competitive advantages in foods with high osmolarity or low pH. During recent years, the long-standing belief in the feasibility of assessing SFP risk based on colony-forming units of S. aureus present in food products has been disproven...
December 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244212/detection-of-enteric-and-non-enteric-adenoviruses-in-gastroenteritis-patients-bangladesh-2012-2015
#3
Mokibul Hassan Afrad, Tasnuva Avzun, Jahurul Haque, Warda Haque, Mohammad Enayet Hossain, Afm Rajibur Rahman, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Mohammed Ziaur Rahman, Mustafizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are common cause of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide. Limited data exist on HAdVs molecular epidemiology associated with acute gastroenteritis in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE: We describe the genetic diversity and epidemiology of HAdVs among hospitalized diarrhea patients, including HAdV genotypes, clinical symptoms and co-infecting enteric pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Stool samples were collected from ongoing diarrhea surveillance during 2012-2015...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243441/-efficacy-and-safety-of-kuhuang-injection-in-treating-viral-hepatitis%C3%AF-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Jun Zhao, Xing Liao, Hui Zhao, Jing Yang, Wen Zou, Le Wang, Ying-Jie Zhi
To systematically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Kuhuang injection in treating viral hepatitis. Eight electronic databases and clinic trials were searched to collect randomized controlled trials for the effect of Kuhuang injection in the treatment of viral hepatitis. According to the Cochrane Handbook 5.1, two independent reviewers screened out the literatures, extracted data and assessed the quality of thestudies included. RevMan5.3 software was used for the data analysis. A total of 32 articles were included, involving 3 188 patients, including male 1 951 cases (61...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242799/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-after-kyphosis-correction-a-case-report
#5
Surya Prakash Rao Voleti, Jakkepally Sridhar
Introduction: Obstruction of the third part of duodenum by superior mesenteric artery is known as superior mesenteric artery syndrome. Incidence of superior mesenteric artery syndrome following spine deformity correction is 0.5-4.7%. Till now, this syndrome after isolated kyphosis correction with vertebral column resection is rarely reported in literature. Case Report: A 17-year-old male patient with normal body habitus presented with 80° of congenital thoracolumbar kyphosis...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242652/the-effect-of-intravenous-dextrose-administration-for-prevention-of-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Abolfazl Firouzian, Alieh Zamani Kiasari, Gholamali Godazandeh, Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Abbas Alipour, Arman Taheri, Amir Emami Zeydi, Maryam Montazemi
Background and Aims: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and distressing complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intravenous (IV) dextrose administration for the prophylaxis of PONV after LC. Methods: In a double-blind, randomised controlled trial, a total of 150 female patients who were scheduled for elective LC were randomly assigned into two groups (A and B). Thirty minutes before induction of anaesthesia, patients received an infusion of 500 cc lactated Ringer's solution (Group A) and 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's solution (Group B) and over a period of 30 min...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242088/voluntarily-induced-vomiting-a-yoga-technique-to-enhance-pulmonary-functions-in-healthy-humans
#7
Ragavendrasamy Balakrishnan, Ramesh Mavathur Nanjundaiah, Nandi Krishnamurthy Manjunath
Vomiting is a complex autonomic reflex orchestrated by several neurological centres in the brain. Vagus, the cranial nerve plays a key role in regulation of vomiting. Kunjal Kriya (Voluntarily Induced Vomiting), is a yogic cleansing technique which involves voluntarily inducing vomiting after drinking saline water (5%) on empty stomach. This study was designed with an objective to understand the effect of voluntary induced vomiting (ViV) on pulmonary functions in experienced practitioners and novices and derive its possible therapeutic applications...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241762/eltrombopag-for-advanced-myelodysplastic-syndromes-or-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-and-severe-thrombocytopenia-aspire-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#8
Moshe Mittelman, Uwe Platzbecker, Boris Afanasyev, Sebastian Grosicki, Raymond S M Wong, Achilles Anagnostopoulos, Benjamin Brenner, Claudio Denzlinger, Giuseppe Rossi, Arnon Nagler, Regina Garcia-Delgado, Maria Socorro O Portella, Zewen Zhu, Dominik Selleslag
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a life-threatening complication in patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In this study (ASPIRE), we aimed to assess eltrombopag, an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist, for thrombocytopenia (grade 4) treatment in adult patients with advanced MDS or AML. METHODS: ASPIRE consisted of an open-label, double-blind phase for 8 weeks and a randomised, double-blind phase (parts 1 and 2, reported here) for 12 weeks, and an open-label extension (part 3)...
December 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241659/a-novel-method-for-predicting-kidney-stone-type-using-ensemble-learning
#9
Yassaman Kazemi, Seyed Abolghasem Mirroshandel
The high morbidity rate associated with kidney stone disease, which is a silent killer, is one of the main concerns in healthcare systems all over the world. Advanced data mining techniques such as classification can help in the early prediction of this disease and reduce its incidence and associated costs. The objective of the present study is to derive a model for the early detection of the type of kidney stone and the most influential parameters with the aim of providing a decision-support system. Information was collected from 936 patients with nephrolithiasis at the kidney center of the Razi Hospital in Rasht from 2012 through 2016...
December 11, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241388/hypercalcemia-induced-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-following-calcium-carbonate-ingestion
#10
May S Trezevant, John C Winton, Ashley K Holmes
BACKGROUND: Calcium carbonate is often used to relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in pregnant patients. This report describes a potentially serious complication. CASE: A pregnant female presented at 34 weeks gestation with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Home medications included an unquantifiable amount of calcium carbonate 500 mg due to constant consumption for GERD. Laboratory findings included elevated calcium, amylase, lipase, and triglyceride level...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241077/pectoral-nerve-blocks-to-improve-analgesia-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#11
Neethu M, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Ankur Sharma, Vanlalnghaka Darlong, Jyotsna Punj, Renu Sinha, Preet Mohinder Singh, Nandini Hamshi, Rakesh Garg, Chandralekha Chandralekha, Anurag Srivastava
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound guided combined pectoral nerve blocks I and II in patients scheduled for surgery for breast cancer. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, control trial. SETTING: Operating rooms in a tertiary care hospital of Northern India. PATIENTS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to II adult women, aged 18-70years were enrolled in this study. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomized into two groups (30 patients in each group), PECS (P) group and control (C) group...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240719/pericardial-effusion-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#12
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described. Case presentation: A four-year-old male child suffering for a few months from recurrent abdominal pain sometimes associated with vomiting underwent an abdominal ultrasound scan outside the hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240665/airborne-or-fomite-transmission-for-norovirus-a-case-study-revisited
#13
Shenglan Xiao, Julian W Tang, Yuguo Li
Norovirus infection, a highly prevalent condition associated with a high rate of morbidity, comprises a significant health issue. Although norovirus transmission mainly occurs via the fecal-oral and vomit-oral routes, airborne transmission has been proposed in recent decades. This paper re-examines a previously described norovirus outbreak in a hotel restaurant wherein airborne transmission was originally inferred. Specifically, the original evidence that suggested airborne transmission was re-analyzed by exploring an alternative hypothesis: could this outbreak instead have occurred via fomite transmission? This re-analysis was based on whether fomite transmission could have yielded similar attack rate distribution patterns...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238690/tonsillectomy-comparative-study-of-various-techniques-and-changing-trend
#14
Ravinder Verma, Ravneet Ravinder Verma, Rohan Ravinder Verma
Tonsillectomy is a major surgical procedure in terms of volume in the general otolaryngological practice. It is a 3000-year-old surgical operation, referred in Hindu medicine. There has been a conceptual change in the indications and surgical technique in the last 40 years. A comparative study between the various methods of tonsillectomy was done. The study was carried out in the single institutional set up by the same surgeon but using different techniques. The study aimed at comparing the intra-operative factors (blood loss, time taken for surgery), postoperative results (pain, bleeding, dehydration, time taken for complete healing), and other complications like vomiting and hospitalization time between different groups of surgical methods...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238581/a-spicy-status-synthetic-cannabinoid-spice-use-and-new-onset-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Marc-Alain Babi, Christopher P Robinson, Carolina B Maciel
Synthetic cannabinoids refer to a wide variety of chemicals engineered to bind cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and mimic the effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocanabinol. The potential for severe toxicity and limited in vivo data make synthetic cannabinoid intake an important public health and safety concern. Neurologic toxidromes associated with their use include mental status changes, panic attacks, memory distortions, acute psychosis (e.g. paranoia, delusional thoughts), disorganized behavior, and suicidal and homicidal thoughts...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238490/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-among-population-of-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#16
Anwar Matar Alsulobi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Sara Ghazi Eid Alenezi, Razan Ahmed Alanazi, Rawan Hamdan Salem Alenazy, Fryail Aied Lafi Alenzy, Amthal Alturqi Alenzi, Aisha Melfy Al Hazmy, Kholoud Obeid Albathaly, Rehab Jazem Fattal Alruwaili, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Ebtihal Ahmad Ali Alghamdi, Maryam Saeed Alanazi, Najah Owaed Aienzi
Background: During the recent decade, several studies about prevalence of symptom-based GERD have revealed increase of its prevalence. In addition to the highly disturbing typical symptoms, it has a series of known consequences and may affect the quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as their main characteristics and risk factors among the population of Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 302 individuals from population of Arar city from October 01, 2016 to May 30, 2017, using a researcher made questionnaire and checklist...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238167/comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-fentanyl-as-local-anesthetic-adjuvants-in-spinal-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
ShuJun Sun, JiaMei Wang, NaRen Bao, Ying Chen, Jun Wang
Purpose: To compare the effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) and fentanyl as adjuvants to local anesthetics in spinal anesthesia. Methods: Two researchers independently searched the PUBMED, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and CBM for randomized controlled trials comparing the effects of Dex and fentanyl as adjuvants to local anesthetics for intrathecal injection. Results: A total of 639 patients from nine studies were included in this meta-analysis...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238098/mesh-hiatal-reinforcement-in-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-for-neurologically-impaired-children-is-safe-and-feasible
#18
Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Kyoichi Deie, Keisuke Suzuki, Michimasa Fujiogi, Kaori Morita, Tadashi Iwanaka, Hiroo Uchida
Fundoplication is a standard treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in neurologically impaired children. However, it has a high recurrence rate due to wrap herniation and disruption resulting from the failure or enlargement of the esophageal hiatus suture site. In adult patients with GERD, reinforcement of the sutured esophageal hiatus with a mesh significantly reduces the recurrence rate after surgery for esophageal hiatus hernia. In children, there are no big series of fundoplication with mesh reinforcement...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237523/-clinical-analysis-of-15%C3%A2-851-children-at-risk-of-inherited-metabolic-diseases
#19
Shu-Xiang Lin, Jian-Bo Shu, Chao Wang, Rui Pan, Ying-Tao Meng, Chun-Hua Zhang, Bi-Li Zhang, Dan Wang, Yu-Qin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of urine gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in the screening of children at risk of inherited metabolic diseases (IMD), and to identify the disease spectrum of IMD and the clinical characteristics of children with IMD. METHODS: The clinical data of 15 851 children at risk of IMD who underwent urine GC-MS in the Tianjin Children's Hospital between February 2012 and December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: In the 15 851 children, 5 793 (36...
December 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237494/adherence-to-the-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-guidelines-in-namibia-kenya-tanzania-and-uganda-evidence-from-the-national-service-provision-assessment-surveys
#20
Carsten Krüger, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Mohammed Ali
BACKGROUND: Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is regarded as a standard public health approach to lowering child mortality in developing countries. However, little is known about how health workers adhere to the guidelines at the national level in sub-Saharan African countries. METHODS: Data from the Service Provision Assessment surveys of Namibia (NA) (survey year: 2009), Kenya (KE) (2010), Tanzania (TZ) (2006) and Uganda (UG) (2007) were analysed for adherence to the IMCI guidelines by health workers...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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