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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548551/comparison-of-intramuscular-butorphanol-and-buprenorphine-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-in-cats
#1
Rebecca J Bhalla, Toby A Trimble, Elizabeth A Leece, Enzo Vettorato
Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the sedative effect of butorphanol-dexmedetomidine with buprenorphine-dexmedetomidine following intramuscular (IM) administration in cats. Methods Using a prospective, randomised, blinded design, 40 client-owned adult cats were assigned to receive IM dexmedetomidine (10 µg/kg) combined with either butorphanol (0.4 mg/kg) ('BUT' group) or buprenorphine (20 µg/kg) ('BUP' group). Sedation was scored using a previously published multidimensional composite scale before administration (T0) and 5, 10, 15 and 20 mins afterwards (T5, T10, T15 and T20, respectively)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548198/-diabetic-ketoacidosis-with-mild-hyperglycemia-associated-with-the-use-of-canagliflozin-report-of-one-case-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Victoria Novik A, Claudia García B, Daniela Oliva I
Diabetic ketoacidosis with mild hyperglycemia is a major complication of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Although its use is not approved for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, the drug is often prescribed with the hope of optimizing metabolic control. We report a 20 years old female with hypothyroidism and type 1 diabetes consulting for vomiting and abdominal pain. The patient had used canagliflozin during the two previous months. Laboratory showed a blood glucose of 200 mg/dl, a severe metabolic acidosis (pH 7...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546012/-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-control-study-on-comparison-of-tramadol-clonidine-and-dexmedetomidine-for-post-spinal-anesthesia-shivering
#3
Rajagopalan Venkatraman, Krishnamoorthy Karthik, Anand Pushparani, Annadurai Mahalakshmi
INTRODUCTION: Shivering, a common intraoperative problem under spinal anesthesia increases the oxygen consumption considerably and is uncomfortable and distressing to the patient, anesthesiologist as well as surgeon. The present study was designed to explore the effectiveness of tramadol, clonidine and dexmedetomidine in the treatment of post spinal anesthesia shivering and to look for their adverse effects. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double blinded control study was done on 90 patients who developed shivering under spinal anesthesia...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544250/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-intraoperative-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-postanesthetic-vomiting-and-diarrhea-in-dogs-undergoing-general-anesthesia
#4
Carlos Torrente, Isabel Vigueras, Edgar G Manzanilla, Cecilia Villaverde, Laura Fresno, Bibiana Carvajal, Marina Fiñana, Cristina Costa-Farré
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of intraoperative gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and postanesthetic vomiting and diarrhea, and to evaluate risk factors associated with these gastrointestinal disorders (GID) in dogs undergoing general anesthesia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Two hundred thirty-seven client-owned dogs undergoing general inhalant anesthesia for diagnostic or surgical purposes...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543087/death-due-to-complications-of-bowel-obstruction-following-raw-poppy-seed-ingestion
#5
Leah M Schuppener, Robert F Corliss
Eating poppy seeds can cause a positive urine drug screen, but it is unknown whether ingesting large quantities can result in opiate intoxication or toxicity. A 54-year-old woman with intractable vomiting was found unresponsive at home and later pronounced dead. At autopsy, a cast-like large bowel obstruction composed of poppy seeds was identified. Postmortem blood morphine level was < 10 ng/mL. Cause of death was determined to be complications of a bowel obstruction secondary to poppy seed ingestion. Deaths related to eating poppy seeds have not been described in the literature...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543045/colonic-or-ileocecocolic-volvulus-in-13-dogs-2005-2016
#6
Tanja Plavec, Stefan Rupp, Martin Kessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and clinicopathological features of colonic or ileocecocolic volvulus (CV/ICV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Thirteen dogs with surgically confirmed CV/ICV. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, medical history, clinical signs, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and outcome. RESULTS: All cases consisted of large-breed dogs (median weight 37...
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541001/efficacy-of-palonosetron-vs-ramosetron-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Min Soo Kim, Jin Ha Park, Yong Seon Choi, Sang Hun Park, Seokyung Shin
PURPOSE: This study was designed as a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that included the comparison of palonosetron and ramosetron for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CENTRAL, KoreaMed, and Google Scholar databases (PROSPERO protocol number CRD42015026009). Primary outcomes were the incidences of postoperative nausea (PON) and postoperative vomiting (POV) during the first 48 hrs after surgery...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540291/evaluation-of-two-dry-commercial-therapeutic-diets-for-the-management-of-feline-chronic-gastroenteropathy
#8
Sally C Perea, Stanley L Marks, Leighann Daristotle, Patricia E Koochaki, Richard Haydock
Management of feline chronic gastroenteropathies has included intervention with both veterinary therapeutic formulas designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders and those designed with limited novel or hydrolyzed ingredients for management of food-responsive enteropathies and steroid-responsive enteropathies (inflammatory bowel disease). There have been few studies evaluating the use of dietary intervention for the management of feline chronic gastroenteropathy. This prospective, multi-center study evaluated the use of two commercially available feline veterinary therapeutic dry diets designed to manage non-specific gastrointestinal disorders in 28 cats with a history of chronic vomiting and/or diarrhea...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540269/species-dependent-clinical-findings-of-malaria-caused-by-various-plasmodia-in-an-endemic-area-of-kerman-province-southeastern-iran
#9
Mehdi Nateghpour, Ali Hosseininasab, Mehrdad Farrokhnia, Foroughieh Dastouri, Katayun Alidoosti, Dadkhoda Sadequi, Asadollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a big problem of public health in many tropical countries where socioeconomic development is deficient. Four species of plasmodium are capable of infecting human: P. falciparum, P. malaria, P.vivax, P. ovale. Southeastern corner of Iran, including Sistan and Baluchestan, Hormozgan and the tropical part of Kerman Province, are endemic region of malaria. This study aimed to find out clinical findings in malaria caused by various plasmodium species in moderate transmission area of southern Kerman Province...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540188/ingested-foreign-body-causing-duodenal-and-colonic-perforations-in-a-child
#10
Dileep Garg, Aditya Pratap Singh, Sunil Kothari
Most ingested foreign bodies usually pass uneventfully through the gastrointestinal tract. Few may cause complications and require surgical interventions. We report a 1.5-year-old child who ingested hair clip and presented with vomiting and obstruction. At operation, we found duodenal and colonic perforations. Hair clip was removed with repair of perforations.
May 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540185/mitochondrial-myopathy-dysmorphism-exercise-induced-vomiting-and-tachycardia-the-mutation-m-4831g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a
#11
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540049/outcome-of-misoprostol-and-oxytocin-in-induction-of-labour
#12
Trishna Acharya, Ramesh Devkota, Bimbishar Bhattarai, Radha Acharya
BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is the process of initiating the labour by artificial means from 24 weeks of gestation. The main aim of this study is to find out the maternal and foetal outcomes after induction of labour with misoprostol and oxytocin beyond 37 weeks of gestation. METHODS: This was a hospital-based observational study carried out at Paropakar Maternity and Women's Hospital, Nepal. Misoprostol of 25 µg was inserted in posterior fornix of vagina or oxytocin infusion was started from 2...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538867/preval%C3%A3%C2%AAncia-de-infec%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-por-helicobacter-pylori-em-uma-comunidade-ind%C3%A3-gena-em-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-e-fatores-associados-estudo-transversalprevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-an-indigenous-community-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-and-associated-factors-cross-sectional-study
#13
Juliana Rejane da Silva Roque, Rodrigo Strehl Machado, Douglas Rodrigues, Patrícia Rech, Elisabete Kawakami
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is unevenly distributed among different populations. The aim here was to evaluate the factors associated with Helicobacter pylori infection among children up to five years of age living in a high-risk community. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in an indigenous community of Guarani Mbya ethnicity, Tekoa Ytu and Tekoa Pyau villages, Jaraguá district, city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: 74 children aged 0...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#14
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538608/assessing-dehydration-employing-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-in-children-with-vomiting-and-diarrhea
#15
Stephen B Freedman, David W Johnson, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Angelo Mikrogianakis, Sarah Williamson-Urquhart, Nicholas Monfries, Adam Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Serum bicarbonate reflects dehydration severity in children with gastroenteritis. Previous work in children receiving intravenous rehydration has correlated end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) with serum bicarbonate. We evaluated whether EtCO2 predicts weight change in children with vomiting and/or diarrhea. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. Eligible children were 3 months to 10 years old and presented for emergency department (ED) care because of vomiting and/or diarrhea...
May 23, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538577/in-depth-review-of-symptoms-triggers-and-treatment-of-occipital-migraine-headaches-site-iv
#16
Mona Ascha, David E Kurlander, Abdus Sattar, James Gatherwright, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: This study reports the surgical technique and efficacy of deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches. In addition, it reports the effect of surgical deactivation of occipital-triggered migraine headaches on migraine triggers and associated symptoms other than pain. METHODS: One hundred ninety-five patients undergoing surgery for occipital-triggered migraine headaches performed by a single surgeon, and followed for at least 1 year, were analyzed...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538514/long-term-outcome-of-4-patients-with-transcobalamin-deficiency-caused-by-2-novel-tcn2-mutations
#17
Marwan Nashabat, Gustavo Maegawa, Peter H Nissen, Ebba Nexo, Hussain Al-Shamrani, Mohammed Al-Owain, Majid Alfadhel
Cobalamin (vitamin B12 [Cbl]) is an essential cofactor for many biochemical pathways. Transcobalamin (TC) is required to internalize Cbl into the cells through membrane receptor-mediated endocytosis. Cbl is then processed in the cytoplasm and mitochondria by complementation factors leading to its active metabolites; methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosyl-cobalamin. Deficiency of TC results in an elevation in methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Patients usually present with macrocytic anemia, pancytopenia, failure to thrive, gastrointestinal symptoms, and neurological dysfunction...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538415/network-meta-analysis-of-chinese-herbal-injections-combined-with-the-chemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#18
Dan Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Shi Liu, Xiaomeng Zhang, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study sought to use a network meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) combined with the chemotherapy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding CHIs to treat pancreatic cancer were searched in PubMed, the Cochrane library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), the Wan-Fang Database, the Chinese Scientific Journals Full-text Database (VIP), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed) up to November 2016...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538409/a-case-report-of-pedigree-of-a-homozygous-mutation-of-the-steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-causing-lipoid-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#19
Rong Fu, Lin Lu, Jun Jiang, Min Nie, Xiaojing Wang, Zhaolin Lu
RATIONALE: Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LCAH) is extremely rare, but is the most fatal form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia resulting from mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) gene. LCAH arises from severe defects in the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, the precursor of all steroids. PATIENT CONCERNS: A case was reported that an 11-month-old Chinese girl who presented with a sex development disorder and hyponatremia...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538404/pregabalin-can-decrease-acute-pain-and-morphine-consumption-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Shijie Li, Junqiang Guo, Fangjun Li, Zhijia Yang, Shuai Wang, Changjiang Qin
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin has been used as an adjunct for the management of acute pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for pain management following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: In March 2017, a systematic computer-based search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google databases. Data on patients prepared for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in studies that compared pregabalin versus placebo were retrieved...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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