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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092724/the-pediatric-rome-iv-criteria-what-s-new
#1
Ilan J N Koppen, Samuel Nurko, Miguel Saps, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Marc A Benninga
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common in children of all ages and comprise of a wide range of conditions related to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be attributed to structural or biochemical abnormalities. FGIDs are diagnosed according to the symptom-based Rome criteria. Areas covered: In 2016, the revised pediatric Rome IV criteria were published, these revised criteria are discussed in this review article. For the youngest age group (neonates/toddlers), the criteria for infant colic have undergone the most notable revisions...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092257/-chilaiditi-s-sign-and-syndrome-case-report
#2
César Raúl Aguilar-García, Jesús García-Acosta
The interposition of a portion of the colon between the liver and the diaphragm is called Chilaiditi sign and discovered incidentally during radiological study for other reasons and usually asymptomatic presentation. When the discovery is accompanied by clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation called Chilaiditi Syndrome. The Chilaiditi sign is a very rare condition, and the Chilaiditi syndrome is even more, especially if associated with other acute diseases. We report the case of a man of 41 years was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty was diagnosed with radiographic and tomographic images making the differential diagnosis with lung abscess and diaphragmatic hernia...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090157/pharmaceutical-approval-update
#3
Mary Choy
Olaratumab (Lartruvo) for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma; bezlotoxumab (Zinplava) for use with an antibiotic to reduce recurrence of C. difficile infection; and doxylamine succinate/pyridoxine hydrochloride (Bonjesta) for the treatment of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090043/pheochromocytoma-multisystem-crisis-behaving-like-interstitial-pneumonia-an-autopsy-case
#4
Yohta Nomoto, Kiyoshi Kawano, Naoki Fujisawa, Keiko Yoshida, Tomoko Yamashita, Naoki Makita, Hiroaki Takeshita, Kimio Kamimori, Shiro Yanagi, Minoru Yoshiyama
Pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis is a rare and life-threatening disease that is associated with numerous symptoms and which is also difficult to diagnose. We herein report an autopsy case of a 61-year-old man who died due to pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis. The patient complained of vomiting and breathlessness. Computed tomography showed a shadow-like region with a similar appearance to interstitial pneumonia. The patient was diagnosed with takotsubo cardiomyopathy induced by severe lung disease based on the results of echocardiography and coronary angiography...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089637/postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-free-for-all-a-solution-from-propofol
#5
EDITORIAL
Chuen-Chau Chang, Chih-Shung Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089636/influence-of-perioperative-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-complications-after-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Fang Peng, Shijiang Liu, Youli Hu, Min Yu, Jing Chen, Cunming Liu
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a key part of multimodal perioperative analgesia. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of perioperative NSAIDs application on complications after gastrointestinal surgery by using meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature was conducted by searching computerized databases including PubMed, CBM, Springer, Chinese Academic Journals, and China Info since the databases were published until June 2015...
January 12, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089482/efficacy-of-multiple-fraction-conventional-radiation-therapy-for-painful-uncomplicated-bone-metastases-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ronald Chow, Peter Hoskin, Stephanie Chan, Aruz Mesci, Drew Hollenberg, Henry Lam, Carlo DeAngelis, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy is effective for painful uncomplicated bone metastases, with multiple fraction radiation therapy (MFRT) administered frequently. The optimal dose for MFRT to yield maximum pain relief remains unclear. The aim of this systematic review was to determine pain response across MFRT doses. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE(R) <1946 to July Week 3 2016>, Embase Classic & Embase <1947 to 2016Week 30> and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials <June 2016>...
January 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089187/effect-of-periarticular-morphine-injection-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#8
Kentaro Iwakiri, Yoshito Minami, Yoichi Ohta, Akio Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The periarticular multimodal cocktail injection including morphine is currently commonly used to treat postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Despite its analgesic effect, it is frequently reported to cause nausea and vomiting, which are adverse effects of opioids. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of morphine as a component of a multimodal cocktail injection for providing postoperative analgesia and alleviating swelling in patients who underwent TKA...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088956/-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-pacu-for-immediate-postoperative-pain-relief-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#9
F Liu, J Zhang, H K Zhang, Y Q Zhao, P Liang, Y X Zuo
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of the thoracic paravertebral block(TPVB) in the post postanesthesia care unit(PACU) for patients suffered moderate to severe pain after Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery(VATS). Methods: 78 atients who complained moderate to severe pain on arrival to PACU after VATS were randomly assigned into two groups: thoracic paravertebral block treatment group(P group) and sufentanil treatment group(S group). The VAS Pain score at rest and movement, heart rate, blood pressure, and pulse oximetry 1 hour after treatment and duration of patients staying in the PACU after treatment were recorded...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088126/severe-hypoalbuminemia-and-steatohepatitis-leading-to-death-in-a-young-vegetarian-female-8-months-after-mini-gastric-bypass-a-case-report
#10
Mohammad Kermansaravi, Mohammad Reza Abdolhosseini, Ali Kabir, Abdolreza Pazouki
BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminemia is an important complication after Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB) and is more frequent in vegetarians, diabetic nephropathy, and alcoholic and liver disease patients. The patients must be followed in regular intervals and serum albumin must be checked in every visit after MGB. Hypoalbuminemia must be prevented by good protein regimes. CASE SUMMARY: A 29 years old female was admitted 8 month after Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass with malaise, dyspnea, icter, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and edema of extremities from 2 weeks before admission...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087916/-a-case-of-idiopathic-hypertrophic-cranial-pachymeningitis-presenting-as-chronic-subdural-hematoma
#11
Zhan He, Fang Ding, Jiandong Rong, Yongli Gan
A 26-year-old male presented with a 6-day history of paroxysmal headache which was worsen with nausea and vomiting for 1 day. Head CT on admission revealed left chronic subdural hematoma with midline shift. An emergency Burr hole drainage for hematoma was performed. Headache recurred 6 days later. MRI of the brain revealed a diffuse thickening and a gadolinium-enhancement of the falx, cranial dura mater and tentorium cerebelli on the left side with pia mater involved. Lumber puncture showed increased intracranial pressure and elevated IgG level in cerebrospinal fluid...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087556/ahead-study-an-observational-study-of-the-management-of-anticoagulated-patients-who-suffer-head-injury
#12
Suzanne Mason, Maxine Kuczawski, M Dawn Teare, Matt Stevenson, Steve Goodacre, Shammi Ramlakhan, Francis Morris, Joanne Rothwell
OBJECTIVES: Management of anticoagulated patients after head injury is unclear due to lack of robust evidence. This study aimed to determine the adverse outcome rate in these patients and identify risk factors associated with poor outcome. DESIGN: Multicentre, observational study using routine patient records. SETTING: 33 emergency departments in England and Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: 3566 adults (aged ≥16 years) who had suffered blunt head injury and were currently taking warfarin...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081328/cytomegalovirus-hepatitis-in-49-pediatric-patients-with-normal-immunity
#13
Hasan Tezer, Saliha Kanık Yüksek, Belgin Gülhan, Aslı Nur Özkaya Parlakay, Ceyda Tuna Kırsaçlıoğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis is generally asymptomatic or rarely can lead to severe complications in immunocompetent hosts. This study aims to evaluate CMV hepatitis in immunocompetent young children, which is discussed relatively rarely in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 49 pediatric patients with CMV hepatitis from January 2005 to December 2010 was performed. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 5...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081304/comparison-of-an-ac-taxane-versus-ac-free-regimen-and-paclitaxel-versus-docetaxel-in-patients-with-lymph-node-positive-breast-cancer-final-results-of-the-national-surgical-adjuvant-study-of-breast-cancer-02-trial-a-randomized-comparative-phase-3-study
#14
Toru Watanabe, Masaru Kuranami, Kenichi Inoue, Norikazu Masuda, Kenjiro Aogi, Shinji Ohno, Hiroji Iwata, Hirofumi Mukai, Yukari Uemura, Yasuo Ohashi
BACKGROUND: In postoperative patients with breast cancer, the combination of an anthracycline and cyclophosphamide (AC) followed by a taxane is a standard regimen. In the current study, the authors examined whether AC could be safely omitted, and compared the effectiveness of paclitaxel versus docetaxel. METHODS: Female postoperative patients with axillary lymph node-positive breast cancer were eligible for enrollment in this phase 3, open-label, randomized controlled trial at 84 centers in Japan...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079972/prevalence-of-vomiting-in-dogs-with-pericardial-effusion
#15
Rachel Fahey, Elizabeth Rozanski, April Paul, John E Rush
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is common in dogs. Clinical signs may be vague until cardiac tamponade and associated cardiovascular decompensation develops. Vomiting has previously been identified in some dogs, but the actual prevalence of vomiting in dogs with PE is unknown. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of vomiting associated with PE, and to determine if vomiting is associated with the underlying cause of effusion, presenting plasma lactate concentration, or volume of PE removed...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079963/n%C3%A3-useas-y-v%C3%A3-mitos-durante-el-embarazo-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079819/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-different-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-regimens-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-cervical-cancer-a-network-meta-analysis
#17
Zhan-Zhao Fu, Kun Li, Yong Peng, Yue Zheng, Li-Yan Cao, Yun-Jie Zhang, Yong-Mei Sun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and toxicity of different concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) regimens in the treatment of advanced cervical cancer (CC) by adopting a network meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Cochrane Library from the inception of these databases to September 2016, and all cohort studies (CSs) related to different CCRT regimens in the treatment of CC were included. A network analysis was adopted to compare the combination of direct and indirect evidence, to analyze the odds ratio (OR), and to draw a surface under the cumulative ranking curve of the efficacy and toxicity of different CCRT regimens for CC...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079808/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pediatric-benign-pneumoperitoneum-a-case-report-series-of-9-patients
#18
Shou-Xing Duan, Zong-Bo Sun, Guang-Huan Wang, Jun Zhong, Wen-Hui Ou, Ma-Xian Fu, Fu-Sheng Wang, Shu-Hua Ma, Jian-Hong Li
INTRODUCTION: Benign pneumoperitoneum (BPPT) is defined as asymptomatic free intraabdominal air or as pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis. Symptomatic free air requires surgical anagement, but management of asymptomatic pneumoperitoneum is controversial. In this study, we investigate the diagnosis and treatment of BPPT in children. CLINICAL FINDINGS: The clinical data of 9 pediatric patients with BPPT who were admitted to our hospital from January 2000 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed to summarize the diagnosis and treatment...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079795/pancreatic-groove-cancer
#19
Yuan-Hao Ku, Shih-Chin Chen, Bor-Uei Shyr, Rheun-Chuan Lee, Yi-Ming Shyr, Shin-E Wang
Pancreatic groove cancer is very rare and can be indistinguishable from groove pancreatitis. This study is to clarify the characteristics, clinical features, managements, and survival outcomes of this rare tumor.Brief descriptions were made for each case of pancreatic groove cancer encountered at our institute. Individualized data of pancreatic groove cancer cases described in the literature were extracted and added to our database to expand the study sample size for a more complete analysis.A total of 33 patients with pancreatic groove cancer were included for analysis, including 4 cases from our institute...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079763/the-comparison-of-etomidate-and-propofol-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Limin Ye, Xiangyang Xiao, Liyi Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Etomidate and propofol played an important role in the sedation of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare their efficacy and safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of etomidate versus propofol for the anesthesia of patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy were included...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
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