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Musculoskeletal injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051166/epidemiology-of-imaging-detected-tendon-abnormalities-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympics
#1
Mohamed Jarraya, Michel D Crema, Lars Engebretsen, Oleg M Teytelboym, Daichi Hayashi, Frank W Roemer, Abdalla Y Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Tendon abnormalities are prevalent among both elite and non-elite athletes. Cross-sectional imaging modalities are used to confirm and evaluate the severity of such lesions. AIM: To describe the demographics, prevalence, anatomical location and characteristics of tendon abnormalities in athletes who participated in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and the Organizing Committee medical staff during the Rio 2016 Summer Olympics...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#2
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038713/coexistence-of-lupus-nephritis-and-sickle-cell-trait-an-electron-microscopic-assessment-of-renal-glomerular-damage-case-report-of-a-rare-association
#3
Yahya Elficki, Atif Rawas, Asseil Ali Bossei, Areej Bdawod, Reem Zabani, Bayan Shams
Because of similarities of the musculoskeletal, central nervous system, and renal manifestations in both diseases, diagnosing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients can be difficult to establish. Although Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) is still considered a benign form of SCD, its impact on kidney injury and other renal manifestations is well recognized in the literature. In this case report, we look at the challenges that develop when diagnosing patients with a concurrence of both diseases and the importance of early recognition and treatment of lupus nephritis in SCT patients...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037443/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-the-cams-knee-data-set
#4
William R Taylor, Pascal Schütz, Georg Bergmann, Renate List, Barbara Postolka, Marco Hitz, Jörn Dymke, Philipp Damm, Georg Duda, Hans Gerber, Verena Schwachmeyer, Seyyed Hamed Hosseini Nasab, Adam Trepczynski, Ines Kutzner
Combined knowledge of the functional kinematics and kinetics of the human body is critical for understanding a wide range of biomechanical processes including musculoskeletal adaptation, injury mechanics, and orthopaedic treatment outcome, but also for validation of musculoskeletal models. Until now, however, no datasets that include internal loading conditions (kinetics), synchronized with advanced kinematic analyses in multiple subjects have been available. Our goal was to provide such datasets and thereby foster a new understanding of how in vivo knee joint movement and contact forces are interlinked - and thereby impact biomechanical interpretation of any new knee replacement design...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036874/development-of-a-device-to-reduce-the-risk-of-injury-in-handling-unstable-loads
#5
Mohamed Zaki Ramadan, Mohammed Alkahtani
BACKGROUND: Manual material handling (MMH) task is the most common cause of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Operators carrying unstable loads were recently shown to be at greater risk of back injury compared to workers carrying stable loads. OBJECTIVE: This study focused on developing a device to minimize trunk muscle activity and cardiovascular demand while handling a 19-liter bottle. METHOD: After evaluating several designs, one was selected to be developed, manufactured and tested through an experimental study...
October 10, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036860/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-south-indian-hand-screen-printing-workers
#6
S Shankar, R Naveen Kumar, P Mohankumar, Srinivasan Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Hand screen-printing (HSP) plays a predominant role in textile industries in developing countries. Workers from HSP industry were mostly affected by musculoskeletal injury due to monotonous, and prolonged work nature and poor workplace environment. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) symptoms and risk factors associated among the HSP industry workers. METHODS: Cochran's sample size for categorical data was used to select 385 HSP workers of 1000 samples from various provinces of Tamil Nadu, INDIA...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#7
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035197/drug-induced-kidney-injury-a-large-case-series-from-the-berlin-case-control-surveillance-study%C3%A2
#8
Antonios Douros, Elisabeth Bronder, Andreas Klimpel, Christiane Erley, Edeltraut Garbe, Reinhold Kreutz
OBJECTIVES: Drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) may affect patients regardless of their baseline kidney function. Therefore, this study evaluated DIKI in patients with or without previous chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potential DIKI cases were ascertained using the network of the Berlin Case-Control Surveillance Study in all 51 Berlin hospitals from April 2010 until December 2011. Via face-to-face interviews and medical chart reviews, information on all previous drug intake, comorbidities, and demographics was gathered...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034065/development-of-an-instrument-evaluating-the-impact-of-surgeon-patient-relationship-in-patients-on-sick-leave
#9
Thierry Dubert, Cedric Girault, Alexandre Kilink, Marc Rozenblat, Yves Lebellec, Anne-Lise Vataire, Myriam Vilasco, Gregory Katz
Background: To date, no specific instruments exist to measure the quality of the patient-surgeon relationship despite its potential to influence clinical and economic outcomes in patients undergoing surgery for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Objective: The objective was to develop and validate an instrument to assess the quality of the patient-surgeon relationship, taking into account the return to work after functional restoration surgery. Methods: The instrument development was based on literature review, cognitive interviews and expert examinations...
2017: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031343/musculoskeletal-injuries-and-regenerative-medicine-in-the-elderly-patient
#10
REVIEW
John C Cianca, Prathap Jayaram
Regenerative medicine has gained increasing popularity in its clinical applications, particularly in the field of musculoskeletal medicine. Regenerative medicine, a broad term, can be thought of as a particular medical strategy that strives to rebuild and restore diseased tissue to normal physiologic tissue baseline. Simply put, regenerative strategies augment the body's innate physiology to heal pathologic processes. This article focuses on specific regenerative strategies and the uses of them for common pathologies in the aging adult, including platelet-rich plasma, mesenchymal stem cells, viscosupplementation, and prolotherapy...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031324/thoroughbred-fatality-and-associated-jockey-falls-and-injuries-in-races-in-new-south-wales-and-the-australian-capital-territory-australia-2009-2014
#11
C E Wylie, P McManus, C McDonald, S Jorgensen, P McGreevy
Monitoring racehorse fatality and associated jockey falls provides benchmarks for intervention strategies. The aims of this study were to describe the incidence of and reasons for fatalities in Thoroughbred horses during flat races in the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales (NSW), Australia, and to describe reported jockey falls and injuries associated with racehorse fatalities. A cohort study identified all racehorse fatalities reported through Racing NSW for the 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 racing seasons...
September 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028358/posterior-tibial-translation-measurements-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-improve-diagnostic-sensitivity-for-chronic-posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-and-graft-tears
#12
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Jonathan A Godin, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee is a highly sensitive and specific method for diagnosing acute posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears, with a reported accuracy of 96% to 100%. In chronic and revision settings, these injuries may be missed on MRI because of the apparent continuity of nonfunctional PCL fibers. Posterior tibial translation (PTT) of the medial compartment has been identified as a potential secondary finding of PCL tear on routine MRI. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of PTT on MRI associated with PCL injuries and compare it with the sensitivity of a radiologist's MRI interpretation with preoperative posterior knee stress radiographs as the gold standard...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026520/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-australian-osteopaths-qualitative-analysis-of-effects-on-practitioner-health-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#13
Gopi Anne McLeod, Katerina Annels, Jessica Cohen, Samuel Edwards, Daniel Hodgins, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature that explores the experiences of osteopaths injured while engaging in clinical practice. Evidence from other similar health professions has described the numerous effects of work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMI). Work-related musculoskeletal injury refers to trauma to joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons resulting from injury sustained while undertaking work duties. This research aimed to gain a contextualised understanding of the experiences of osteopaths who have sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury while performing clinical practice...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023274/the-injury-and-illness-profile-of-male-and-female-participants-in-a-94-7-km-cycle-race-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Mia Breedt, Dina C Janse van Rensburg, Lizelle Fletcher, Catharina C Grant, Martin P Schwellnus
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and patterns of injury and illness of male and female participants during a 94.7 km distance cycling event. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Momentum 94.7 Cycle Challenge 2014. PARTICIPANTS: All 23 055 race starters (males = 17 520, females = 5236, not specified = 299). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidence and type of all medical complaints and difference between sexes...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021235/oral-analgesics-utilization-for-children-with-musculoskeletal-injury-ouch-trial-an-rct
#15
Sylvie Le May, Samina Ali, Amy C Plint, Benoit Mâsse, Gina Neto, Marie-Christine Auclair, Amy L Drendel, Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Edith Villeneuve, Stefan Parent, Patrick J McGrath, Grégoire Leclair, Serge Gouin
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a common and painful condition among children that remains poorly treated in the emergency department (ED). We aimed to test the efficacy of a combination of an anti-inflammatory drug with an opioid for pain management of MSK-I in children presenting to the ED. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled children between 6 and 17 years presenting to the ED with an MSK-I and a pain score >29 mm on the visual analog scale (VAS)...
October 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019817/early-claim-modifiable-factors-associated-with-return-to-work-self-efficacy-among-workers-injured-at-work-are-there-differences-between-psychological-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#16
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate modifiable early-injury factors which are associated with self-efficacy to return-to-work (RTW-SE) and explore whether these factors are different for people with psychological or upper-body musculoskeletal (UB-MSK) injuries. METHODS: The study used a sample of workers with a UB-MSK (N = 244) or psychological (N = 113) injury who were off work. Differences between injury types were investigated across variables related to: (1) communication with RTW stakeholders; and (2) components of the job itself...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019063/statin-prescribing-in-the-elderly-special-considerations
#17
REVIEW
M Leya, N J Stone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our aim was to examine the current evidence behind prescribing statins to individuals over 65 years of age with emphasis on those older than 75. Individuals over 75 years of age may often have multiple comorbidities and take many medications. Additionally, they are often underrepresented in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statins in older populations. While results of RCTs demonstrate the benefit of statin therapy in both primary and secondary prevention patients, clinicians must more carefully consider adverse effects and drug-drug interactions before prescribing statin therapy as well as determining the intensity in older individuals...
October 11, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018544/verbal-augmented-feedback-in-the-rehabilitation-of-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-dysfunctions-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marianne Storberget, Linn Helen J Grødahl, Suzanne Snodgrass, Paulette van Vliet, Nicola Heneghan
BACKGROUND: Verbal augmented feedback (VAF) is commonly used in physiotherapy rehabilitation of individuals with lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction or to induce motor learning for injury prevention. Its effectiveness for acquisition, retention and transfer of learning of new skills in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: First, to investigate the effect of VAF for rehabilitation and prevention of lower extremity musculoskeletal dysfunction. Second, to determine its effect on motor learning and the stages of acquisition, retention and transfer in this population...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016402/disability-and-health-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury-national-prevalence
#19
Claire Jourdan, Philippe Azouvi, François Genêt, Nicolas Selly, Loic Josseran, Alexis Schnitzler
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of traumatic brain injury-related disability and health status in the general population. DESIGN: The French National Survey, conducted in households and institutions, assessed 33,896 adults. Data included sequelae from traumatic brain injury, impairments, current health conditions and uses of health services. Analyses, adjusted for age and gender, compared subjects who declared sequelae from traumatic brain injury (n=479) to the remaining survey population (n=33,287)...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993131/impact-of-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-on-injury-risk-among-active-young-adults-a-study-of-army-trainees
#20
Bruce H Jones, Keith G Hauret, Shamola K Dye, Veronique D Hauschild, Stephen P Rossi, Melissa D Richardson, Karl E Friedl
OBJECTIVES: To determine the combined effects of physical fitness and body composition on risk of training-related musculoskeletal injuries among Army trainees. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Rosters of soldiers entering Army basic combat training (BCT) from 2010 to 2012 were linked with data from multiple sources for age, sex, physical fitness (heights, weights (mass), body mass index (BMI), 2 mile run times, push-ups), and medical injury diagnoses...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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