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Musculoskeletal injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821502/overweight-and-obese-children-do-not-consult-their-general-practitioner-more-often-than-normal-weight-children-for-musculoskeletal-complaints-during-a-2-year-follow-up
#1
Janneke van Leeuwen, Marienke van Middelkoop, Winifred D Paulis, Herman J Bueving, Patrick J E Bindels, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with self-reported musculoskeletal complaints, injuries and fractures. In the current study, we investigated the association between weight status of children and the frequency and type of musculoskeletal consultations at the general practitioner (GP) during a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: Data from a prospective longitudinal cohort study including children aged 2-18 years presenting in general practices in the Netherlands were used...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817411/effects-of-recent-concussion-and-injury-history-on-instantaneous-relative-risk-of-lower-extremity-injury-in-division-i-collegiate-athletes
#2
Peter C Fino, Lauren N Becker, Nora F Fino, Brett Griesemer, Michael Goforth, Per Gunnar Brolinson
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that concussion increases the risk of lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury. However, it is unclear to how the effect of concussion on LE injury risk may be influenced by previous injuries. This study sought to examine the association between concussion, previous LE injuries, and the risk LE injury to the same previously injured limb (ipsilateral) or the opposite limb (contralateral). METHODS: This retrospective study examined medical records from 110 concussed athletes and 110 matched controls for LE injuries in the 365 days before and after the concussion event...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816869/spine-trauma-what-are-the-current-controversies
#3
Cumhur Oner, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Jens R Chapman, Michael G Fehlings, Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder, Said Sadiqi, James Harrop
Although less common than other musculoskeletal injuries, spinal trauma may lead to significantly more disability and costs. During the last 2 decades there was substantial improvement in our understanding of the basic patterns of spinal fractures leading to more reliable classification and injury severity assessment systems but also rapid developments in surgical techniques. Despite these advancements, there remain unresolved issues concerning the management of these injuries. At this moment there is persistent controversy within the spinal trauma community, which can be grouped under 6 headings...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#4
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814022/estimating-anatomical-wrist-joint-motion-with-a-robotic-exoskeleton
#5
Chad G Rose, Claudia K Kann, Ashish D Deshpande, Marcia K O'Malley
Robotic exoskeletons can provide the high intensity, long duration targeted therapeutic interventions required for regaining motor function lost as a result of neurological injury. Quantitative measurements by exoskeletons have been proposed as measures of rehabilitative outcomes. Exoskeletons, in contrast to end effector designs, have the potential to provide a direct mapping between human and robot joints. This mapping rests on the assumption that anatomical axes and robot axes are aligned well, and that movement within the exoskeleton is negligible...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814015/postoperative-healing-patterns-in-elbow-using-electromyography-towards-the-development-of-a-wearable-mechatronic-elbow-brace
#6
Raneem Haddara, Yue Zhou, Shrikant Chinchalkar, Ana Luisa Trejos
Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the most common cause of severe long-term pain and physical disability. Current postoperative treatment for patients requires them to follow a long-term physiotherapy program customized for each specific case; however, this process can be complex, time-consuming and without the right therapy it may end up being ineffective. A possible solution involves the development of wearable mechatronic elbow braces that use electromyography (EMG) to identify patient intent. However, EMG characteristics change based on the health of the individual and therefore require further investigation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812033/epidemiology-of-injuries-identified-at-the-nfl-scouting-combine-and-their-impact-on-performance-in-the-national-football-league-evaluation-of-2203-athletes-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, William H Rossy, George Sanchez, James M Whalen, Kyle P Lavery, Kevin J McHale, Bryan G Vopat, Joseph J Van Allen, Ramesses A Akamefula, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: At the annual National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine, the medical staff of each NFL franchise performs a comprehensive medical evaluation of all athletes potentially entering the NFL. Currently, little is known regarding the overall epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on NFL performance. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on initial NFL performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810983/evaluation-of-a-novel-field-expedient-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool-in-an-army-basic-training-population
#8
Darren Hearn, Daniel Rhon, Donald Goss, Mark Thelen
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries present a significant challenge to military readiness accounting for over 29% of ambulatory medical visits and 25 million limited duty days across the U.S. Army. Although U.S. Military Health Systems perform periodic general health and deployment assessments, there is no validated tool to determine when a service member is at increased risk of sustaining a musculoskeletal injury. METHOD: 292 U.S. Army basic training recruits completed a novel injury screening test called the Musculoskeletal Readiness Screening Tool (MRST)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809737/acute-liver-failure-due-to-etodolac-a-selective-cycloxygenase-2-cox-2-inhibitor-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-established-by-rucam-based-causality-assessment
#9
Sunil Taneja, Pramod Kumar, Sahaj Rathi, Ajay Duseja, Virendra Singh, Radha Krishan Dhiman, Yogesh Kumar Chawla
Drug induced liver injury is a common cause of acute liver failure (ALF). While most of these cases are due to dose dependent hepatotoxicity with acetaminophen, idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is responsible for about 15% cases of ALF. Antibiotics are the most common cause of idiosyncratic DILI as well as DILI induced ALF. Etodolac is a selective cycloxygenase- 2 (COX -2) inhibitor non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory in musculoskeletal diseases. Severe liver impairment is extremely rare...
August 8, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802421/symptomatic-medial-humeral-epicondylar-fracture-non-union-rare-presentation-of-a-relatively-common-injury
#10
Vidisha S Kulkarni, Nitish Arora, Harshit Gehlot, Sagar Saxena, Sunil G Kulkarni, Supreet Bajwa
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic non-union of medial humeral epicondylar fractures is a limited entity. Some studies recommend surgical excision of the fragment, but the results are controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of a medial epicondyle non-union fragment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in all the patients, who were operated in our hospital between the year 2010 and 2015 for symptomatic medial humeral epicondyle non-union...
August 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802327/three-dimensional-motion-capture-applied-to-violin-playing-a-study-on-feasibility-and-characterization-of-the-motor-strategy
#11
Andrea Ancillao, Bernardo Savastano, Manuela Galli, Giorgio Albertini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Playing string instruments requires advanced motor skills and a long training that is often spent in uncomfortable postures that may lead to injuries or musculoskeletal disorders. Thus, it is interesting to objectively characterize the motor strategy adopted by the players. In this work, we implemented a method for the quantitative analysis of the motor performance of a violin player. METHODS: The proposed protocol takes advantage of an optoelectronic system and some infra-red reflecting markers in order to track player's motion...
October 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800763/causes-trends-and-severity-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-ghana
#12
Eric Lawer Torgbenu, Emmanuel K Nakua, Henry Kyei, Eric Badu, Maxwell Peprah Opoku
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal [MSK] injuries are common causes of long-term pain and physical disability which affect many people worldwide. The economic and social impacts on the individual, society and national health systems are enormous making a matter of public health concern. Therefore, this study examined the causes and extent of MSK injuries in a referral hospital in Ghana. METHODS: A prospective study design with consecutive sampling method was used to recruit patients admitted at Trauma Unit as well as those receiving orthopaedic reviews at St...
August 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800064/epidemiology-of-musculoskeletal-injury-during-racing-on-new-zealand-racetracks-2005-2011
#13
Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne McIlwraith
The objective of the study was to determine the incidence of veterinary events that resulted in a horse failing to finish a race and identify risk factors for musculoskeletal injury (MSI) during a race. Data were obtained on Thoroughbred flat race starts in New Zealand between 1 August 2005 and 31 July 2011 (six racing seasons). Stipendiary Steward's reports were key-word searched to identify veterinary events that prevented a horse from finishing a race. Race data were used calculate the incidence of veterinary events per 1000 horse starts and Poisson regression was used to investigate risk factors for MSI...
August 11, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#14
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799047/-muscular-injuries-of-athletes-importance-of-ultrasound
#15
REVIEW
A Loizides, H Gruber, S Peer, M Plaikner
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Muscular injuries represent the most common musculoskeletal lesions. Especially in professional athletes an imaging clarification is essential in order to define the exact location of the lesion, the affected muscles, the extent and degree of the injury as well as to define possible concomitant complications. The best possible therapy can be initiated and a necessary rest period for a low risk resumption of sporting activity can be individually specified. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS/METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Due to technical improvements, for example mobile devices and thus increased rapid availability as well as relative cost-effectiveness compared to other modalities, the imaging evaluation of muscle injury would nowadays be unthinkable without ultrasound...
August 10, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796127/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-2-muscular-endurance-and-muscular-strength
#16
Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Peter Lisman, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
This is a systematic review and evaluation of the current evidence on the association between muscular endurance (ME) and/or muscular strength (MS) and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between physical fitness (ME and MS) and MSK-I in military or civilian populations. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795275/effects-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-and-topical-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-on-skeletal-muscle-injury-induced-by-contusion-in-rats-part-2-biochemical-aspects
#17
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Lúcio Frigo, Tereza Cristina Dos Reis Ferreira, Heliodora Leão Casalechi, Simone Teixeira, Patrícia de Almeida, Marcelo Nicolas Muscara, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Andrey Jorge Serra, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
Muscle injuries trigger an inflammatory process, releasing important biochemical markers for tissue regeneration. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the treatment of choice to promote pain relief due to muscle injury. NSAIDs exhibit several adverse effects and their efficacy is questionable. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has been demonstrated to effectively modulate inflammation induced from musculoskeletal disorders and may be used as an alternative to NSAIDs. Here, we assessed and compared the effects of different doses of PBMT and topical NSAIDs on biochemical parameters during an acute inflammatory process triggered by a controlled model of contusion-induced musculoskeletal injury in rats...
August 9, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795006/epidemiology-of-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-young-athletes-in-united-states
#18
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Ai Yamasaki, Kelly Brown
Over the past several decades there has been increased participation in sports by children and adolescents at earlier ages in the United States, as well as more intense participation and specialization in sports at very early ages. This trend has also partly contributed to the patterns of injuries seen in young athletes, and especially in recent years, injuries previously seen in mature athletes are being seen in young athletes. Overall, the vast majority of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries in children and adolescents are due to repetitive overuse and acute macrotrauma is less frequently seen in young athletes...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783444/hip-and-groin-injuries-in-dancers-a-systematic-review
#19
Natasha Trentacosta, Dai Sugimoto, Lyle J Micheli
CONTEXT: Injury data on hip and groin injuries vary, and these injuries are often misrepresented or overlooked for more commonly seen injuries, such as those to the foot and ankle. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic review of the injury rates of hip and groin pathology in dancers and look to establish a better understanding of the occurrence of hip and groin injuries in the dancer population. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using PubMed and CINAHL databases for articles published between 2000 and 2016...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782699/does-curettage-cement-packing-for-treating-giant-cell-tumors-at-the-knee-lead-to-osteoarthritis
#20
A Caubère, S Harrosch, M Fioravanti, G Curvale, A Rochwerger, J C Mattei
INTRODUCTION: Giant cell tumors (GCTs) make up 15% to 20% of bone-related tumors in adults. They are often found around the knee in the metaphysis and epiphysis area, contacting the joint cartilage. The aims of our study were to evaluate the presence of early knee osteoarthritis (OA) in patients with GCTs in the knee area treated by curettage-cement packing, and to evaluate whether replacing subchondral bone with acrylic cement has an effect on the functional outcomes and quality of life...
August 3, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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