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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903263/estimating-the-accuracy-of-muscle-response-testing-two-randomised-order-blinded-studies
#1
Anne M Jensen, Richard J Stevens, Amanda J Burls
BACKGROUND: Manual muscle testing (MMT) is a non-invasive assessment tool used by a variety of health care providers to evaluate neuromusculoskeletal integrity, and muscular strength in particular. In one form of MMT called muscle response testing (MRT), muscles are said to be tested, not to evaluate muscular strength, but neural control. One established, but insufficiently validated, application of MRT is to assess a patient's response to semantic stimuli (e.g. spoken lies) during a therapy session...
November 30, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899345/ethics-of-genetic-testing-and-research-in-sport-a-position-statement-from-the-australian-institute-of-sport
#2
Nicole Vlahovich, Peter A Fricker, Matthew A Brown, David Hughes
As Australia's peak high-performance sport agency, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) has developed this position statement to address the implications of recent advances in the field of genetics and the ramifications for the health and well-being of athletes. Genetic testing has proven of value in the practice of clinical medicine. There are, however, currently no scientific grounds for the use of genetic testing for athletic performance improvement, sport selection or talent identification. Athletes and coaches should be discouraged from using direct-to-consumer genetic testing because of its lack of validation and replicability and the lack of involvement of a medical practitioner in the process...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898705/the-role-of-the-amygdala-in-facial-trustworthiness-processing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-fmri-studies
#3
Sara Santos, Inês Almeida, Bárbara Oliveiros, Miguel Castelo-Branco
BACKGROUND: Faces play a key role in signaling social cues such as signals of trustworthiness. Although several studies identify the amygdala as a core brain region in social cognition, quantitative approaches evaluating its role are scarce. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to assess the role of the amygdala in the processing of facial trustworthiness, by analyzing its amplitude BOLD response polarity to untrustworthy versus trustworthy facial signals under fMRI tasks through a Meta-analysis of effect sizes (MA)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898287/international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-position-statement-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#4
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895720/increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-brazilian-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Maria Fernanda Gontijo Sepulveda Fusaro, Jovita Lane Soares Santos Zanini, Ivani Novato Silva
BACKGROUND: Increased carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, is an independent predictor of future cardiovascular events, and has been reported in children with various chronic diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). OBJECTIVES: Evaluate CIMT and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents with DM1. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 118 adolescents, 57 with DM1 and no chronic complications related to the disease, and 61 healthy individuals...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894730/living-with-chronic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Eva Widerström-Noga, Kimberly D Anderson, Salomé Perez, Judith P Hunter, Alberto Martinez-Arizala, James P Adcock, Maydelis Escalona
OBJECTIVE: To identify the relative importance of positive (facilitators) and negative (barriers) contributors to living with chronic pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Mixed-methods: (1) Qualitative: Individual semi-structured, open-ended interviews identifying facilitator/barrier themes; (2) Quantitative: Converting the most common themes into statements and quantifying agreement with these in an online survey to determine relative importance, underlying dimensions and their associations with perceived difficulty in dealing with pain...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893967/does-orthodontic-extraction-treatment-improve-the-angular-position-of-third-molars-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Christos Livas, Konstantina Delli
PURPOSE: To systematically assess the available evidence on the effect of orthodontic extractions on third molar (M3) angulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three databases were searched up to April 25, 2016 to identify orthodontic studies comparing M3 angular changes in patients with and without extraction. Information on methodology, treatment procedures, and outcome was retrieved from each study. Assessment of overall and individual quality of the included studies was performed using validated criteria...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887897/nomenclature-and-diagnosis-of-gluten-related-disorders-a-position-statement-by-the-italian-association-of-hospital-gastroenterologists-and-endoscopists-aigo
#8
REVIEW
Luca Elli, Danilo Villalta, Leda Roncoroni, Donatella Barisani, Stefano Ferrero, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Maria Teresa Bardella, Flavio Valiante, Carolina Tomba, Antonio Carroccio, Massimo Bellini, Marco Soncini, Renato Cannizzaro, Gioacchino Leandro
BACKGROUND: "Gluten-related disorders" is a term that encompasses different diseases induced by the ingestion of gluten-containing food. Because of their incidence the scientific community has been intensively studying them. AIM: To support gastroenterologists with a correct nomenclature and diagnostic approach to gluten-related disorders in adulthood. METHODS: The Italian Association of Hospital Gastroenterologists and Endoscopists (AIGO) commissioned a panel of experts to prepare a position statement clarifying the nomenclature and diagnosis of gluten-related disorders, focusing on those of gastroenterological interest...
November 4, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887704/aberrant-modulation-of-brain-activation-by-emotional-valence-during-self-referential-processing-among-patients-with-delusions-of-reference
#9
Todd A Girard, Louis Lakatos, Mahesh Menon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Delusions of reference are thought to reflect abnormally heightened attributions of salience to mundane events or stimuli that lead to convictions that they are personally significant or directed at the observer. Recent findings highlight abnormal recruitment of brain regions associated with self-referential processes among patients with referential delusions. Given the inherent overlap of emotion, incentive salience, and self-relevance, as well as with aberrant thought processes in psychosis, this study investigated the implicit relations between participants' perception of the emotional valence of stimuli on neural correlates of self-referent judgments among schizophrenia-spectrum patients with referential delusions...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886970/surgical-residency-recruitment-opportunities-for-improvement
#10
REVIEW
Amit R T Joshi, Daniel Vargo, Amy Mathis, Jeffrey N Love, Teena Dhir, Paula M Termuhlen
INTRODUCTION: The Association of Program Directors in Surgery convened a panel during Surgical Education Week 2016 to discuss the current state of the general surgery residency application process and to review alternative ways to evaluate the suitability of each applicant to a residency program. METHODS/RESULTS: Over 40,000 applicants registered for the National Resident Matching Program's 2016 Main Residency Match. General Surgery had 2345 applicants for 1241 categorical postgraduate year (PGY)-1 positions, and 1239 of those positions were filled when the matching algorithm was processed...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884494/consensus-conference-on-tips-management-techniques-indications-contraindications
#11
Stefano Fagiuoli, Raffaele Bruno, Wilma Debernardi Venon, Filippo Schepis, Francesco Vizzutti, Pierluigi Toniutto, Marco Senzolo, Paolo Caraceni, Francesco Salerno, Paolo Angeli, Roberto Cioni, Alessandro Vitale, Maurizio Grosso, Andrea De Gasperi, Gennaro D'Amico, Alfredo Marzano
The trans jugular intrahepatic Porto systemic shunt (TIPS) is no longer viewed as a salvage therapy or a bridge to liver transplantation and is currently indicated for a number of conditions related to portal hypertension with positive results in survival. Moreover, the availability of self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered endoprostheses has dramatically improved the long-term patency of TIPS. However, since the last updated International guidelines have been published (year 2009) new evidence have come, which have open the field to new indications and solved areas of uncertainty...
October 29, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884404/exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-thyroid-function-in-pregnant-women-and-children-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiologic-studies
#12
REVIEW
Virginia Ballesteros, Olga Costa, Carmen Iñiguez, Tony Fletcher, Ferran Ballester, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid hormones (THs) are especially important for brain maturation and development during the fetal period and childhood. Several epidemiological studies have assessed the possible association between exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and thyroid outcomes during the early stages of life. We aimed to review this evidence. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review in compliance with the PRISMA Statement (search conducted in PubMed and Embase, as well as in the citations of the selected articles)...
November 21, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882634/attachment-and-couple-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-expressed-emotion-in-women-facing-breast-cancer-and-their-partners-in-the-immediate-post-surgery-period
#13
Nicolas Favez, Sarah Cairo Notari, Tania Antonini, Linda Charvoz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressed emotion (EE) in couples facing breast cancer in the immediate post-surgery period. EE may be predictive of psychological disturbances that hinder both partners' capacities to cope with the stress of the disease. Severity of the disease, attachment tendencies, and couple satisfaction were tested as predictors of EE. DESIGN: The design was cross-sectional. Couples (N = 61) were interviewed 2 weeks after the women's breast surgery...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879358/psychosocial-care-for-people-with-diabetes-a-position-statement-of-the-american-diabetes-association
#14
REVIEW
Deborah Young-Hyman, Mary de Groot, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Jeffrey S Gonzalez, Korey Hood, Mark Peyrot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879353/2016-health-care-education-presidential-address-if-dsme-were-a-pill-would-you-prescribe-it
#15
Margaret A Powers
This address was delivered by Margaret A. Powers, PhD, RD, CDE, President, Health Care & Education, of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), at the ADA's 76th Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, LA, on 11 June 2016. Dr. Powers conducts research and has a clinical practice as a registered dietitian and diabetes educator at the International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet in Minneapolis. Her research focuses on improving diabetes outcomes including factors that affect the clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral aspects of diabetes...
December 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877071/the-sweet-spots-study-a-real-world-interpretation-of-the-2012-american-diabetes-association-position-statement-regarding-individualized-a1c-targets
#16
Nella Bieszk, Michael Grabner, Wenhui Wei, Nicole G Bonine, Judith J Stephenson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate awareness of the 2012 American Diabetes Association (ADA) Position Statement among physicians and assess its effects on patient-centered glycated hemoglobin (A1C) goals in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Summarizing Real-World Individualized TrEatmEnT GoalS and Potential SuppOrT Systems in Type 2 Diabetes (SWEET SPOTS) study used the HealthCore claims database to identify T2D patients, stratified by risk, and their treating physicians to assess primary care physician and endocrinologist awareness of the 2012 ADA Position Statement...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#17
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE:  To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND:  Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874181/ags-position-statement-making-medical-treatment-decisions-for-unbefriended-older-adults
#18
Timothy W Farrell, Eric Widera, Lisa Rosenberg, Craig D Rubin, Aanand D Naik, Ursula Braun, Alexia Torke, Ina Li, Caroline Vitale, Joseph Shega
In this position statement, we define unbefriended older adults as patients who: (1) lack decisional capacity to provide informed consent to the medical treatment at hand; (2) have not executed an advance directive that addresses the medical treatment at hand and lack capacity to do so; and (3) lack family, friends or a legally authorized surrogate to assist in the medical decision-making process. Given the vulnerable nature of this population, clinicians, health care teams, ethics committees and other stakeholders working with unbefriended older adults must be diligent when formulating treatment decisions on their behalf...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873478/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#19
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
The reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents many challenges that often are not adequately addressed in published reporting guidelines. A consensus meeting of experts was organized to develop an extension of the STROBE statement to address observational studies in veterinary medicine with respect to animal health, animal production, animal welfare and food safety outcomes. The consensus meeting was held 11-13 May 2014 in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Seventeen experts from North America, Europe and Australia attended the meeting...
November 22, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872948/glucose-concentrations-of-less-than-3-0%C3%A2-mmol-l-54%C3%A2-mg-dl-should-be-reported-in-clinical-trials-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-american-diabetes-association-and-the-europian-association-for-the-study-of-diabetes
#20
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