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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143199/cone-beam-ct-in-paediatric-dentistry-dimitra-project-position-statement
#2
REVIEW
Anne Caroline Oenning, Reinhilde Jacobs, Ruben Pauwels, Andreas Stratis, Mihaela Hedesiu, Benjamin Salmon
DIMITRA (dentomaxillofacial paediatric imaging: an investigation towards low-dose radiation induced risks) is a European multicenter and multidisciplinary project focused on optimizing cone-beam CT exposures for children and adolescents. With increasing use of cone-beam CT for dentomaxillofacial diagnostics, concern arises regarding radiation risks associated with this imaging modality, especially for children. Research evidence concerning cone-beam CT indications in children remains limited, while reports mention inconsistent recommendations for dose reduction...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139480/position-paper-the-potential-role-of-optical-biopsy-in-the-study-and-diagnosis-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction
#3
REVIEW
Alex J Thompson, Michael Hughes, Salzitsa Anastasova, Laurie S Conklin, Tudor Thomas, Cadman Leggett, William A Faubion, Thomas J Miller, Peter Delaney, François Lacombe, Sacha Loiseau, Alexander Meining, Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Guillermo J Tearney, Paul Kelly, Guang-Zhong Yang
Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a disease of the small intestine affecting children and adults in low and middle income countries. Arising as a consequence of repeated infections, gut inflammation results in impaired intestinal absorptive and barrier function, leading to poor nutrient uptake and ultimately to stunting and other developmental limitations. Progress towards new biomarkers and interventions for EED is hampered by the practical and ethical difficulties of cross-validation with the gold standard of biopsy and histology...
November 15, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137672/the-primary-health-care-in-the-emirate-of-abu-dhabi-are-they-aligned-with-the-chronic-care-model-elements
#4
Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven emirates in terms of land mass and population. Abu Dhabi emirate has three different geographical regions: the Central Capital District, the Eastern Region, and the Western Region. The health system has been regulated by the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi (HAAD), and has been provided by the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA), since 2007. The UAE has a high population-burden of morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137545/exploring-the-perceived-health-benefits-of-singing-in-a-choir-an-international-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#5
Hilary Moss, Julie Lynch, Jessica O'Donoghue
AIM: This mixed-methods exploratory study investigates the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir from an international sample of choristers. METHOD: An online questionnaire including demographic information, 28 quantitative statements and two qualitative questions relating to the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir was distributed via email and social media over a period of 4 months to a sample of 1,779 choristers. Basic descriptives and comparisons between subgroups of the sample are presented along with thematic analysis of qualitative comments...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136044/-women-and-work-with-a-specific-focus-on-doctors-and-dentists
#6
A van Doorne-Huiskes
The differences between men and women in their participation in the labour force and education are diminishing: in 2015, 71% of all women between the ages of 20 and 65 had a paid job (in comparison with 82% of men) and the Emancipation monitor 2016 reveals that women more often receive higher education than men. In the study of medicine, this expresses itself in the fact that 68% of new students in 2015 were women. As a consequence the number of women doctors is increasing. The numbers for 2013 show that 65% of active dentists are men and 35% women...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128783/differences-in-self-advocacy-among-hard-of-hearing-and-typical-hearing-students
#7
Rinat Michael, Haya Maroon Zidan
BACKGROUND: Self-advocacy is considered a protective factor of psychosocial and academic problems among students with special needs. AIMS: To asses self-advocacy among students with hearing loss and compare it to that of typical hearing students. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: The current study examined 27 hard of hearing (hh) students and 27 typical hearing students, all studying in mainstream classes. They completed the Hope Scale, a self-esteem scale, a self-efficacy scale, and a measure of self-advocacy statements...
November 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128452/correcting-the-literature
#8
Dirk M Elston
We make important therapeutic decisions based on the best available evidence and it is important to correct the literature when results are in question. Appropriate actions may include publication of a correction, links to previously cited data to avoid double counting of outcomes, expressions of concern about study methods or integrity, and retraction of a published article. Corrections should be published as soon as possible, appear in a prominent position on a numbered page in the journal that originally published the article, and include the complete original citation to help ensure that an appropriate reference to the published erratum will be added to the MEDLINE citation...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#9
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122796/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review
#10
Jeffrey Braithwaite, Jessica Herkes, Kristiana Ludlow, Luke Testa, Gina Lamprell
DESIGN AND OBJECTIVES: Every organisation has a unique culture. There is a widely held view that a positive organisational culture is related to positive patient outcomes. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses statement, we systematically reviewed and synthesised the evidence on the extent to which organisational and workplace cultures are associated with patient outcomes. SETTING: A variety of healthcare facilities, including hospitals, general practices, pharmacies, military hospitals, aged care facilities, mental health and other healthcare contexts...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122273/spn-position-statement-the-role-of-pediatric-nurses-in-the-promotion-and-protection-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding
#11
Diane L Spatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121943/managing-intra-eu-mobility-do-who-principles-of-ethical-recruitment-have-relevance
#12
Réka Kovács, Edmond Girasek, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Aszalós, Edit Eke, Károly Ragány, Zoltán Cserháti, Miklós Szócska
BACKGROUND: The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel provides for guidance in health workforce management and cooperation in the international context. This article aims to examine whether the principles of the voluntary WHO Global Code of Practice can be applied to trigger health policy decisions within the EU zone of free movement of persons. METHODS: In the framework of the Joint Action on European Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting project (Grant Agreement: JA EUHWF 20122201 (see healthworkforce...
November 9, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115985/use-of-tuberculin-skin-test-for-assessment-of-immune-recovery-among-previously-malnourished-children-in-ethiopia
#13
Paluku Bahwere, Philip James, Alemseged Abdissa, Yesufe Getu, Yilak Getnet, Kate Sadler, Tsinuel Girma
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of immunity in children recovering from severe acute malnutrition (cases) against those of community controls (controls). RESULTS: At baseline children recovering from severe acute malnutrition had lower, mid upper arm circumference (122 mm for cases and 135 mm for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-height Z-score (- 1.0 for cases and - 0.5 for controls; p < 0.001), weight-for-age Z-score (- 2.8 for cases and - 1.1 for controls; p < 0...
November 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115183/fake-news-portrayals-of-stem-cells-and-stem-cell-research
#14
Alessandro R Marcon, Blake Murdoch, Timothy Caulfield
AIM: This study examines how stem cells and stem cell research are portrayed on websites deemed to be purveyors of distorted and dubious information. METHODS: Content analysis was conducted on 224 articles from 2015 to 2016, compiled by searching with the keywords 'stem cell(s)' on a list of websites flagged for containing either 'fake' or 'junk science' news. RESULTS: Articles contained various exaggerated positive and negative claims about stem cells and stem cell science, health and science related conspiracy theories, and statements promoting fear and mistrust of conventional medicine...
November 8, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112494/proposal-for-the-creation-of-a-national-strategy-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer-a-position-statement-of-seom-seap-and-sefh
#15
Pilar Garrido, Azucena Aldaz, Miguel Ángel Calleja, Enrique De Álava, María Jesús Lamas, Miguel Martín, Xavier Matías-Guiu, José Palacios, Ruth Vera
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational and knowledge-related challenges...
November 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112342/factors-supporting-dentist-leaders-retention-in-leadership
#16
T Tuononen, J Lammintakanen, A L Suominen
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study factors associated with staying in a dentist leadership position. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We used an electronic questionnaire to gather data from 156 current or former Finnish dentist leaders in 2014. Principal component analysis categorized statements regarding time usage and opportunities in managerial work into five main components. Associations between these main component scores and the tendency to stay as a leader were analyzed with logistic regression...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112085/diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-autoimmune-liver-disease-espghan-hepatology-committee-position-statement
#17
Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Diego Vergani, Ulrich Baumann, Piotr Czubkowski, Dominique Debray, Antal Dezsofi, Björn Fischler, Girish Gupte, Loreto Hierro, Giuseppe Indolfi, Jörg Jahnel, Françoise Smets, Henkjan J Verkade, Nedim Hadzic
Paediatric autoimmune liver disease is characterised by inflammatory liver histology, circulating autoantibodies and increased levels of IgG, in the absence of a known etiology. Three conditions have a likely autoimmune pathogenesis: autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC), and de novo AIH after liver transplantation. Two types of paediatric AIH are recognized according to seropositivity for smooth muscle and/or antinuclear antibody (SMA/ANA, AIH-1) or liver kidney microsomal type 1 and/or anti-liver cytosol type 1 antibodies (anti-LKM-1/anti-LC-1; AIH-2)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108772/debates-in-allergy-regarding-the-symposium-on-position-statements-and-therapeutic-guidelines
#18
P Rodríguez Del Río, A Cisteró-Bahima, R van Ree
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107674/children-saving-lives-training-towards-cpr-excellence-levels-in-chest-compression-based-on-age-and-physical-characteristics
#19
Nicolas Mpotos, Peter Iserbyt
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization's endorsement of the "Kids save lives" statement fosters the implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training for school children worldwide. However, not every child achieves and maintains the recommended chest compression depth of 5-6cm. PURPOSE: To investigate the variability in compression depth for three age groups (grade 1: 12-14; grade 2: 14-16; grade 3: 16-18 years) as a function of physical characteristics and to define minimal compression excellence levels for training...
October 28, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107055/native-and-synthetic-scaffolds-for-limbal-epithelial-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
REVIEW
Kim N Nguyen, Samantha Bobba, Alexander Richardson, Mijeong Park, Stephanie L Watson, Denis Wakefield, Nick Di Girolamo
Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) is a complex blinding disease of the cornea, which cannot be treated with conventional corneal transplants. Instead, a stem cell (SC) graft is required to replenish the limbal epithelial stem cell (LESC) reservoir, which is ultimately responsible for regenerating the corneal epithelium. Current therapies utilize limbal tissue biopsies that harbor LESCs as well as tissue culture expanded cells. Typically, this tissue is placed on a scaffold that supports the formation of corneal epithelial cell sheets, which are then transferred to diseased eyes...
October 26, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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