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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931789/metabolic-syndrome-over-4-years-before-the-onset-of-cardiovascular-disease%C3%A3-nested-case-control-study
#1
Huanhuan Hu, Tohru Nakagawa, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Akiko Nanri, Maki Konishi, Hiroko Okazaki, Keisuke Kuwahara, Ai Hori, Chihiro Nishiura, Ikuko Kashino, Teppei Imai, Akiko Nishihara, Shamima Akter, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Naoko Sasaki, Takayuki Ogasawara, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Taizo Murakami, Makiko Shimizu, Masafumi Eguchi, Takeshi Kochi, Satsue Nagahama, Kentaro Tomita, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Tomofumi Sone, Seitaro Dohi
BACKGROUND: We investigated the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with duration of metabolic syndrome (MetS) for the past 4 years before the CVD event.Methods and Results:We performed a nested case-control study within the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. A total of 139 registered cases of CVD and 561 self-reported cases of CVD were identified and matched individually on age, sex, and worksite with 695 and 2,803 controls, respectively. MetS was defined by the Joint Interim Statement definition...
September 21, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929454/antihypertensive-therapies-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#2
REVIEW
Elsayed Z Soliman, Ronald J Prineas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is widely accepted that successful lowering of blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension leads to regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). However, whether differences exist among pharmacological BP-lowering therapies is debated. In this report, we discuss these differences in light of recent literature and the position of extant practice guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies comparing the effects of antihypertensive classes on LVH regression reached different conclusions, but the overall direction which is reflected in current society guidelines is that successful lowering of BP is more important than selection of an individual antihypertensive class...
September 19, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927341/perceived-need-of-and-interest-in-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-three-sexual-health-clinics-in-london-uk
#3
Lauren Bull, Pavle Dimitrijevic, Sophie Beverley, Alex Scarborough, Sundhiya Mandalia, Olamide Dosekun, Tristan Barber, Iain Reeves, Sheena McCormack, Michael Rayment
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven efficacy in reducing the risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM), but has not yet been commissioned in the UK. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived need and benefit (or experience of) PrEP among HIV-negative MSM attending sexual health clinics. HIV-negative MSM attending three sexual health centres in London, UK were opportunistically invited to complete a questionnaire. Data collected comprised demographic data and sexual and drug use behaviours as well as questions regarding perceptions of risk and need for PrEP...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927291/differentially-conserved-transcriptomic-response-to-adversity-related-to-self-rated-health-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#4
Pia Riestra, Samson Y Gebreab, Yongmei Liu, Ana V Diez Roux, Rumana R Khan, Amadou Gaye, Ruihua Xu, S K Davis
Self-rated health (SRH) is considered a strong indicator of well-being and clinical health status and has been linked to inflammatory markers. The objective of this work was to examine how self-rated physical health (SRPH) and mental health (SRMH) influence the immune system through the regulation of a stress-related gene expression profile known as the 'conserved transcriptional response to adversity' (CTRA), which involves the up-regulation of pro-inflammatory genes and down-regulation of genes involved in type I interferon (IFN) response and antibody synthesis...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926174/position-statement-by-the-pelvic-floor-society-on-behalf-of-the-association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-and-ireland-on-the-use-of-mesh-in-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-vmr
#5
M A Mercer-Jones, S R Brown, C H Knowles, A B Williams
The following position statement forms part of a response to the current concerns regarding use of mesh to perform rectal prolapse surgery. It highlights the actions being pursued by The Pelvic Floor Society (TPFS) regarding clinical governance in relation to ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924055/what-does-expert-opinion-in-guidelines-mean-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#6
Oscar J Ponce, Neri Alvarez-Villalobos, Raj Shah, Khaled Mohammed, Rebecca L Morgan, Shahnaz Sultan, Yngve Falck-Ytter, Larry J Prokop, Philipp Dahm, Reem A Mustafa, Mohammad H Murad
Guidelines often use the term expert opinion (EO) to qualify recommendations. We sought to identify the rationale and evidence type in EO recommendations. We searched multiple databases and websites for contemporary guidelines published in the last decade that used the term EO. We identified 1106 references, of which 69 guidelines were included (2390 recommendations, of which 907 were qualified as EO). A rationale for using EO designation was not provided in most (91%) recommendations. The most commonly cited evidence type was extrapolated from studies that did not answer guideline question (40% from randomised trials, 38% from observational studies and 2% from case reports or series)...
September 18, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#7
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905856/position-paper-revised-2017-international-consensus-on-testing-of-ancas-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-and-microscopic-polyangiitis
#8
REVIEW
Xavier Bossuyt, Jan-Willem Cohen Tervaert, Yoshihiro Arimura, Daniel Blockmans, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez, Loïc Guillevin, Bernhard Hellmich, David Jayne, J Charles Jennette, Cees G M Kallenberg, Sergey Moiseev, Pavel Novikov, Antonella Radice, Judith Anne Savige, Renato Alberto Sinico, Ulrich Specks, Pieter van Paassen, Ming-Hui Zhao, Niels Rasmussen, Jan Damoiseaux, Elena Csernok
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) are valuable laboratory markers used for the diagnosis of well-defined types of small-vessel vasculitis, including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). According to the 1999 international consensus on ANCA testing, indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) should be used to screen for ANCAs, and samples containing ANCAs should then be tested by immunoassays for proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCAs and myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCAs. The distinction between PR3-ANCAs and MPO-ANCAs has important clinical and pathogenic implications...
September 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905724/position-statement-functionally-appropriate-nonhuman-primate-environments-as-an-alternative-to-the-term-ethologically-appropriate-environments
#9
Mollie A Bloomsmith, John Hasenau, Rudolf P Bohm
The American Society of Primatologists (ASP), the Association of Primate Veterinarians (APV), and the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM) have come together to develop this position statement in which the term "functionally appropriate nonhuman primate environments" is proposed as a better descriptor and as an alternative to the previously used term, "ethologically appropriate environments" to describe environments that are suitable for nonhuman primates involved in biomedical research. In 2015, the United States Department of Agriculture requested comments on a petition which called for amending the Animal Welfare Act so that all research primates would be housed in "ethologically appropriate physical and social environments...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903630/comparison-of-results-of-bakri-balloon-tamponade-and-caesarean-hysterectomy-in-management-of-placenta-accreta-and-increta-a-retrospective-study
#10
Şehmus Pala, Remzi Atilgan, Melike Başpınar, Ebru Çelik Kavak, Şeyda Yavuzkır, Alparslan Akyol, Burçin Kavak
The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative results of the patients who were treated with Bakri balloon tamponade or hysterectomy for placenta accreta and increta. Patients who were diagnosed with placenta accreta or increta preoperatively and intraoperatively and treated with Bakri balloon tamponade (Group 1) or caesarean hysterectomy (Group 2) were compared in regards to the postoperative results. Among the 36 patients diagnosed with placenta accreta or increta, 19 patients were treated with Bakri balloon tamponade while 17 cases were treated with hysterectomy...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903602/role-of-maternal-serum-ferritin-in-prediction-of-preterm-labour
#11
Khaled Abdel-Malek, Mohamed Ahmed El-Halwagi, Bahaa Eldin Hammad, Osama Azmy, Omneya Helal, Marwa Eid, Mazen Abdel-Rasheed
The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of measurement of serum ferritin level in pregnant women to predict preterm labour. The study included 236 women whose haemoglobin (Hb) levels were ≥10.5 gm/dl and gestational age (GA) was less than 30 weeks. Serum ferritin levels were measured at 30 weeks of gestational age. At the end of the study, 23 women delivered with preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) and 17 women delivered before 37 weeks but without PROM (study group). The rest of the pregnant women (196 women) delivered between 37 and 40 weeks (control group)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#12
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901700/successful-long-term-maintenance-following-nutrition-care-process-terminology-implementation-across-a-state-wide-health-care-system
#13
Angela Vivanti, Therese A O'Sullivan, Jane Porter, Marion Hogg
AIM: Three years following a state-wide Nutrition Care Process Terminology (NCPT) implementation project, the present study aimed to (i) assess changes in NCPT knowledge and attitudes, (ii) identify implementation barriers and enablers and (iii) seek managers' opinions post-implementation. METHODS: Pre-implementation and three years post-implementation, all Queensland Government hospitals state-wide were invited to repeat a validated NCPT survey. Additionally, a separate survey sought dietetic managers' opinions regarding NCPT's use and acceptance, usefulness for patient care, role in service planning and continued use...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901558/-things-aren-t-so-bad-preschoolers-overpredict-the-emotional-intensity-of-negative-outcomes
#14
Leia Kopp, Cristina M Atance, Sean Pearce
Adults often overpredict the emotional intensity of future events, but little is known about whether this 'intensity bias' is present in early childhood. We asked 48 3- to 5-year-olds to (1) predict and (2) report their emotions concerning two desirable (receiving four stickers, scoring up to two points in a ball toss) and two undesirable (receiving one sticker, scoring no points) outcomes. Children showed the intensity bias by overpredicting how negatively they would feel if they received one sticker, but not for scoring no points...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894690/management-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-urinary-catheters-and-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-joint-replacement-a-position-paper-of-the-expert-group-infection-of-swissorthopaedics
#15
REVIEW
Parham Sendi, Olivier Borens, Peter Wahl, Martin Clauss, Ilker Uçkay
In this position paper, we review definitions related to this subject and the corresponding literature. Our recommendations include the following statements. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, asymptomatic leukocyturia, urine discolouration, odd smell or positive nitrite sediments are not an indication for antimicrobial treatment. Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria does not prevent periprosthetic joint infection, but is associated with adverse events, costs and antibiotic resistance development. Urine analyses or urine cultures in asymptomatic patients undergoing orthopaedic implants should be avoided...
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894080/the-portuguese-society-of-rheumatology-position-paper-on-the-use-of-biosimilars-2017-update
#16
Filipe C Araújo, Alexandre Sepriano, Filipa Teixeira, Diogo Jesus, Teresa Martins Rocha, Patrícia Martins, Catarina Tenazinha, Ana Cordeiro, Ana Filipa Mourão, Cândida Silva, Carlos Vaz, Cátia Duarte, Cristina Ponte, Fernando Pimentel Dos Santos, Helena Canhão, Helena Santos, José Bravo Pimentão, José Canas da Silva, Joaquim Pereira, José António Pereira da Silva, Luís Cunha Miranda, Margarida Oliveira, Maria João Saavedra, Pedro Gonçalves, Sandra Falcão, Susana Capela, João Eurico Fonseca
Biosimilars are new and more affordable similar versions of previously approved reference biological drugs. Following the approval of the first monoclonal antibody biosimilar in 2013, the Portuguese Society of Rheumatology issued a position paper on the use of biosimilars in rheumatic conditions covering efficacy, safety, extrapolation, interchangeability, substitution and pharmacovigilance. However, as this is a rapidly evolving field, it was felt that the knowledge and evidence gathered since then justified an update of these statements...
July 21, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893193/light-emitting-diode-fluorescent-microscopy-and-xpert-mtb-rif%C3%A2-assay-for-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-patients-attending-ambo-hospital-west-central-ethiopia
#17
Alemu Gadissa Gelalcha, Abebaw Kebede, Hassen Mamo
BACKGROUND: The relatively simple and cheaper light-emitting diode fluorescent microscopy (LED-FM) was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to replace the conventional tuberculosis (TB) microscopy in both high- and low-volume laboratories. More recently the WHO also endorsed one more technique, Xpert MTB/RIF® assay (Xpert), for improved TB diagnosis particularly among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cases. However, the relative performance of both of these tools differs from setting to setting in reference to the conventional TB diagnostics...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891101/the-interstitial-lung-disease-multidisciplinary-meeting-a-position-statement-from-the-thoracic-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand-and-the-lung-foundation-australia
#18
Jyotika D Prasad, Annabelle Mahar, Jane Bleasel, Samantha J Ellis, Daniel C Chambers, Fiona Lake, Peter M A Hopkins, Tamera J Corte, Heather Allan, Ian N Glaspole
Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) are a diverse group of pulmonary diseases for which accurate diagnosis is critical for optimal treatment outcomes. Diagnosis of ILD can be challenging and a multidisciplinary approach is recommended in international guidelines. The purpose of this position paper is to review the evidence for the use of the multidisciplinary meeting (MDM) in ILD and suggest an approach to its governance and constitution, in an attempt to provide a standard methodology that could be applied across Australia and New Zealand...
September 10, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890409/the-strocss-statement-strengthening-the-reporting-of-cohort-studies-in-surgery
#19
Riaz Ahmed Agha, Mimi R Borrelli, Martinique Vella-Baldacchino, Rachel Thavayogan, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The development of reporting guidelines over the past 20 years represents a major advance in scholarly publishing with recent evidence showing positive impacts. Whilst over 350 reporting guidelines exist there are few that are specific to surgery. Here we describe the development of the STROCSS guideline (Strengthening the Reporting of Cohort Studies in Surgery). METHODS: and analysis: We published our protocol apriori. Current guidelines for case series (PROCESS), cohort studies (STROBE) and randomised controlled trials (CONSORT) were analysed to compile items which were used as baseline material for developing a list of suitable items for surgical cohort guidelines...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890279/ebcog-position-statement-on-caesarean-section-in-europe
#20
REVIEW
European Board And College Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology Ebcog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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