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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319674/assessment-of-circulating-betatrophin-concentrations-in-lean-glucose-tolerant-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Onur Erol, Mustafa Kemal Özel, Hamit Yaşar Ellidağ, Tayfun Toptaş, Aysel Uysal Derbent, Necat Yılmaz
The aims of the current study were to investigate the betatrophin levels in lean glucose-tolerant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and to explore the relationships between these levels and antropometric, hormonal and metabolic parameters. The study population consisted of 50 lean (body mass index [BMI] < 25 kg/m(2)) women diagnosed with PCOS using the Rotterdam criteria, and 60 age- and BMI-matched healthy controls without any features of clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism. Before recruitment, glucose tolerance was evaluated in all of the subjects using the 2-h 75 g oral glucose-tolerance test, and only those exhibiting normal glucose tolerance were enrolled...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317518/uncertainty-risk-norms-and-evidence-the-inebria-position-statement
#2
Sven Andréasson, Jim McCambridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317517/letter-to-the-editor-of-jsad-regarding-the-inebria-position-statement
#3
Marc A Schuckit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306159/positioning-the-principles-of-precision-medicine-in-care-pathways-for-allergic-rhinitis-and-chronic-rhinosinusitis-an-euforea-aria-epos-airways-icp-statement
#4
P W Hellings, W J Fokkens, C Bachert, C A Akdis, T Bieber, I Agache, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, G W Canonica, P Gevaert, G Joos, V Lund, A Muraro, M Onerci, T Zuberbier, B Pugin, S F Seys, J Bousquet
Precision medicine (PM) is increasingly recognized as the way forward for optimizing patient care. Introduced in the field of oncology, it is now considered of major interest in other medical domains like allergy and chronic airway diseases, which face an urgent need to improve the level of disease control, enhance patient satisfaction and increase effectiveness of preventive interventions. The combination of personalized care, prediction of treatment success, prevention of disease and patient participation in the elaboration of the treatment plan is expected to substantially improve the therapeutic approach for individuals suffering from chronic disabling conditions...
March 17, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304196/a-limited-survey-of-dark-chocolate-bars-obtained-in-the-united-states-for-undeclared-milk-and-peanut-allergens
#5
Binaifer Bedford, Ye Yu, Xue Wang, Eric A E Garber, Lauren S Jackson
Undeclared allergens in chocolate products have been responsible for numerous allergen-related recalls in the United States. A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of undeclared milk and peanut in 88 and 78 dark chocolate bars, respectively. Concentrations of milk (as nonfat dry milk) or peanut in three samples of each chocolate product were determined with two milk- or peanut-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. In 75% of the chocolate bar products with a milk advisory statement, milk concentrations were above the limit of quantitation (2...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303452/should-genetic-testing-be-offered-for-children-the-perspectives-of-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-in-families-with-li-fraumeni-syndrome
#6
Melissa A Alderfer, Robert B Lindell, Claire I Viadro, Kristin Zelley, Jessica Valdez, Belinda Mandrell, Carol A Ford, Kim E Nichols
Whether children should be offered genetic testing for cancer risk is much debated but young voices are rarely heard in these conversations. The current study explored perspectives of genetic testing held by adolescents and emerging adults in families with Li Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). Twelve 12- to 25-year-olds in families with LFS completed qualitative interviews for this study. All believed that testing should be offered for children but many qualified this statement saying parental approval would be needed and testing should be optional...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302309/best-practices-for-chiropractic-care-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-update
#7
Cheryl Hawk, Michael J Schneider, Mitchell Haas, Paul Katz, Paul Dougherty, Brian Gleberzon, Lisa Z Killinger, John Weeks
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update evidence-based recommendations on the best practices for chiropractic care of older adults. METHODS: The project consisted of a systematic literature review and a consensus process. The following were searched from October 2009 through January 2016: MEDLINE, Index to Chiropractic Literature, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Alt HealthWatch, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Registry of Controlled Trials...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301011/research-reporting-guidelines-in-dentistry-a-survey-of-editors
#8
Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, David Moher, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
The use of reporting guidelines has an important role in the development of health research, improving the quality and precision of the publications. This study evaluated how dental journals use reporting guidelines. All editors of dental journals registered on the 2013 Journal Citation Reports list (n=81) were invited to participate. The data were collected by a self-reported web-based questionnaire. Information about the profile of journal/editor and on the use of reporting guidelines by journals was gathered...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293488/aesthetic-applications-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-asians-an-international-multidisciplinary-pan-asian-consensus
#9
Hema Sundaram, Po-Han Huang, Nai-Jen Hsu, Chang Hun Huh, Woffles T L Wu, Yan Wu, Daniel Cassuto, Martina J Kerscher, Kyle Koo-Il Seo
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A remains the most popular nonsurgical aesthetic treatment worldwide. Previous consensus statements have focused on Caucasians and on Koreans as generally representative of Asians. However, indications and dosages vary among different ethnic groups. This publication reports the results of a multidisciplinary, pan-Asian consensus focusing on incobotulinumtoxinA. METHODS: A consensus group of plastic surgeons and dermatologists from Asia, Europe, and the United States convened for a live meeting in Asia, followed by a questionnaire-based Delphi procedure...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293079/pediatric-gastrointestinal-bleeding-perspectives-from-the-italian-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology
#10
REVIEW
Claudio Romano, Salvatore Oliva, Stefano Martellossi, Erasmo Miele, Serena Arrigo, Maria Giovanna Graziani, Sabrina Cardile, Federica Gaiani, Gian Luigi de'Angelis, Filippo Torroni
There are many causes of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in children, and this condition is not rare, having a reported incidence of 6.4%. Causes vary with age, but show considerable overlap; moreover, while many of the causes in the pediatric population are similar to those in adults, some lesions are unique to children. The diagnostic approach for pediatric GIB includes definition of the etiology, localization of the bleeding site and determination of the severity of bleeding; timely and accurate diagnosis is necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290115/sonication-of-arthroplasty-implants-improves-accuracy-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-cultures
#11
REVIEW
Adam C Rothenberg, Alan E Wilson, John P Hayes, Michael J O'Malley, Brian A Klatt
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that sonication of explanted prosthetic hip and knee arthroplasty components with culture of the sonication fluid may enhance diagnostic sensitivity. Previous studies on the use of implant sonicate cultures have evaluated diagnostic thresholds but did not elaborate on the clinical importance of positive implant sonicate cultures in the setting of presumed aseptic revisions and did not utilize consensus statements on periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) diagnosis when defining their gold standard for infection...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286995/date-fruit-consumption-at-term-effect-on-length-of-gestation-labour-and-delivery
#12
Nuguelis Razali, Siti Hayati Mohd Nahwari, Sofiah Sulaiman, Jamiyah Hassan
Labour induction and augmentation with Prostaglandin and Oxytocin are well established as standard practice worldwide. They are safe when used judiciously, but may be associated with maternal and neonatal morbidities. Other safer alternatives have been studied including dates consumption during late pregnancy with various outcomes. The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to investigate the effect of date fruit consumption during late pregnancy on the onset of labour and need for induction or augmentation of labour...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286066/the-emerging-impact-of-malnutrition-on-surgical-patients-literature-review-and-potential-implications-on-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Conrad M Tobert, Jill M Hamilton-Reeves, Lyse A Norian, Chermaine Hung, Nathan A Brooks, Jeff M Holzbeierlein, Tracy M Downs, Douglas P Robertson, Ruth Grossman, Kenneth G Nepple
PURPOSE: Malnutrition is emerging as a significant factor in patient outcomes. A contemporary review of malnutrition for the urologist has not been performed. We provide a review of the available literature and current standards of care for malnutrition screening, assessment, and intervention with a focus on patients with bladder cancer treated with cystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our multi-disciplinary team conducted a PubMed search of available literature on malnutrition focusing on: definition and significance, importance to urologists, screening, assessment, diagnosis, immunologic and economic impact, and interventions...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285865/application-of-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-strobe-statement-to-publications-on-endoscopic-treatment-for-vesicoureteral-reflux
#14
M K Farrugia, A J Kirsch
OBJECTIVE: Following an increasing number of submissions on endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), the Journal of Pediatric Urology sought to establish a quality guideline that would enable reviewers to select the best papers for publication in the journal. The "Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology" (STROBE) Statement, established in 2007, is a 22-item checklist designed to assist with clear reporting of observational studies. This checklist includes a description of methodological items and instructions on how to use them to transparently report observational studies...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285235/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-mothers-of-children-with-epilepsy-a-study-in-a-teaching-hospital
#15
Ali-Asghar Kolahi, Mohsen Abbasi-Kangevari, Pouya Bakhshaei, Farhad Mahvelati-Shamsabadi, Seyed-Hassan Tonekaboni, Ahmad-Reza Farsar
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge about epilepsy and attitudes towards patients with epilepsy can affect measures taken to manage epilepsy and seizures. Support and understanding of mothers is invaluable in enabling children with epilepsy to develop normal life skills in living with epilepsy. In order to identify the educational needs of mothers of children with epilepsy, their knowledge, attitudes, and practices should be assessed. Therefore, we interviewed a group of mothers of children with epilepsy who were referred to a pediatric neurology clinic in a teaching hospital...
March 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277706/user-identified-positive-outcome-expectancies-of-electronic-cigarette-use-a-concept-mapping-study
#16
Eric K Soule, Sarah F Maloney, Mignonne C Guy, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan
Electronic cigarette (ECIG) use is growing in popularity, but little is known about the perceived positive outcomes of ECIG use. This study used concept mapping (CM) to examine positive ECIG outcome expectancies. Sixty-three past 30-day ECIG users (38.1% female) between the ages of 18 and 64 (M = 37.8, SD = 13.3) completed a CM module. In an online program, participants provided statements that completed a prompt: "A specific positive, enjoyable, or exciting effect (i.e., physical or psychological) that I have experienced WHILE USING or IMMEDIATELY AFTER USING an electronic cigarette/electronic vaping device is...
March 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275696/surgical-management-of-squamous-cell-vulvar-cancer-without-clitoris-urethra-or-anus-involvement
#17
REVIEW
Alpaslan Kaban, Işık Kaban, Selim Afşar
Vulvar cancers, which constitute 5% of all gynecologic cancers, are the fourth most common female genital cancers, preceded by uterine, ovarian and cervical cancers. The treatment methods employed for vulvar cancers have changed over the years, with previously applied radical surgical approaches, such as en bloc resection, being gradually suspended in favor of treatment approaches that require dissection of less tissue. While the removal of less tissue, which today's approaches have focused on, prevents morbidity, this method seems to result in higher risks of recurrence...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274125/training-generalist-doctors-for-rural-practice-in-new-zealand
#18
Garry Nixon, Katharina Blattner, Martyn Williamson, Patrick McHugh, James Reid
Targeted postgraduate training increases the likelihood young doctors will take up careers in rural generalist medicine. This article describes the postgraduate pathways that have evolved for these doctors in New Zealand. The Cairns consensus statement 2014 defined rural medical generalism as a scope of practice that encompasses primary care, hospital or secondary care, emergency care, advanced skill sets and a population-based approach to the health needs of rural communities. Even as work goes on to define this role different jurisdictions have developed their own training pathways for these important members of the rural healthcare workforce...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271302/pediatric-osteoporosis-diagnosis-and-treatment-considerations
#19
REVIEW
Edoardo Marrani, Teresa Giani, Gabriele Simonini, Rolando Cimaz
Osteoporosis is now increasingly recognized in children due to the increased prevalence of disorders associated with bone loss. Fragility fractures represent the cardinal clinical features of pediatric osteoporosis and children presenting with fragility fractures deserve an accurate assessment to rule out a secondary cause. Indeed, in the pediatric population, a low bone mass is often a consequence of a chronic disease or its treatment; genetic bone disorders represent the cause of only a small fraction of cases...
March 7, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271022/-take-in-two-parks-and-call-me-in-the-morning-perception-of-parks-as-an-essential-component-of-our-healthcare-system
#20
A J Mowen, A G Barrett, A R Graefe, J L Kraschnewski, C N Sciamanna
As a feature of the built neighborhood environment, parks have been associated with a range of positive health outcomes. Recognition of these contributions has prompted advocates to suggest parks are a part of our healthcare system. Despite these developments, park investments have declined over the past decade nationally, lagging behind expenditures on other community services such as health. Perhaps the idea of parks as a solution to the nation's health concerns has not diffused across the population. To date, however, public perception of parks' role in healthcare has not been documented...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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