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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434097/impact-of-a-complementary-integrative-medicine-program-on-the-need-for-supportive-cancer-care-related-medications
#1
Ilanit Shalom-Sharabi, Noah Samuels, Efraim Lev, Ofer Lavie, Lital Keinan-Boker, Elad Schiff, Eran Ben-Arye
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing evidence supporting the use of complementary/integrative medicine (CIM) in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced toxicities, little is known on CIM impact of these therapies regarding the use of medications for supportive cancer care. In this study, we examined the impact of CIM on the need for supportive cancer care-related medications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with breast or gynecological cancer referred to and attending an integrative physician (IP) consultation for gastrointestinal (GI) concerns were designated as the treatment group; those not attending as controls...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432939/the-association-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-with-treatment-completion-among-clients-admitted-to-substance-use-treatment-programs-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#2
Noa Krawczyk, Kenneth A Feder, Brendan Saloner, Rosa M Crum, Marc Kealhofer, Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders are highly comorbid with substance use disorders and play an important role in their course and recovery. However, the impact of comorbidity on treatment outcomes has not been examined in a U.S. national sample. This study explores the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on treatment completion among individuals admitted to publicly funded substance use treatment facilities across the United States. METHODS: Using data on first-time treatment episodes in the U...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431413/novel-oral-anticoagulants-and-trauma-the-results-of-a-prospective-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trial
#3
Leslie Kobayashi, Galinos Barmparas, Patrick Bosarge, Carlos V Brown, Marko Bukur, Matthew M Carrick, Richard D Catalano, Jan Holly-Nicolas, Kenji Inaba, Stephen Kaminski, Amanda L Klein, Tammy Kopelman, Eric J Ley, Ericca M Martinez, Forrest O Moore, Jason Murry, Raminder Nirula, Douglas Paul, Jacob Quick, Omar Rivera, Martin Schreiber, Raul Coimbra
BACKGROUND: The number of anticoagulated trauma patients is increasing. Trauma patients on warfarin have been found to have poor outcomes, particularly after intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). However, the effect of novel oral anticoagulants (NOAs) on trauma outcomes is unknown. We hypothesized that patients on NOAs would have higher rates of ICH, ICH progression, and death compared with patients on traditional anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. METHODS: This was a prospective observational trial across 16 trauma centers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429094/prospective-evaluation-of-scrotal-ultrasound-and-intratesticular-perfusion-by-color-coded-duplex-sonography-ccds-in-tese-patients-with-azoospermia
#4
Bora Altinkilic, Adrian Pilatz, Thorsten Diemer, Julia Wolf, Martin Bergmann, Sarah Schönbrunn, Uwe Ligges, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Wolfgang Weidner
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess whether CCDS might improve the outcome of testicular sperm retrieval in patients with azoospermia. Furthermore, we evaluated potential sonographic alterations of the testis before and after trifocal and Micro-TESE. METHODS: 78 patients were enrolled prospectively: 24 with obstructive azoospermia (OA) and 54 with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). 31 of 54 patients in the NOA group had negative surgical sperm retrieval...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428940/factors-influencing-sperm-retrieval-following-testicular-sperm-extraction-in-nonobstructive-azoospermia-patients
#5
Peyman Salehi, Marzieh Derakhshan-Horeh, Zakiye Nadeali, Majid Hosseinzadeh, Erfan Sadeghi, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Mansour Salehi
OBJECTIVE: Azoospermia owing to testicular disorders is the most severe manifestation of male infertility. The main concern for patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is the probability of successful sperm retrieval following testicular sperm extraction (TESE). Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine predictive factors correlated with sperm retrieval. METHODS: We assessed the testicular histopathological patterns, the choice of TESE surgical procedure, hormone levels, and chromosomal abnormalities in patients with NOA (n=170)...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423708/targeting-the-centriolar-replication-factor-stil-synergizes-with-dna-damaging-agents-for-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer
#6
Noa Rabinowicz, Lingegowda S Mangala, Kevin R Brown, Cintia Checa-Rodriguez, Asher Castiel, Oren Moskovich, Giulia Zarfati, Luba Trakhtenbrot, Adva Levy-Barda, Dahai Jiang, Cristian Rodriguez-Aguayo, Sunila Pradeep, Yael van Praag, Gabriel Lopez-Berestein, Ahuvit David, Ilya Novikov, Pablo Huertas, Robert Rottapel, Anil K Sood, Shai Izraeli
Advanced ovarian cancer is an incurable disease. Thus, novel therapies are required. We wished to identify new therapeutic targets for ovarian cancer. ShRNA screen performed in 42 ovarian cancer cell lines identified the centriolar replication factor STIL as an essential gene for ovarian cancer cells. This was verified in-vivo in orthotopic human ovarian cancer mouse models. STIL depletion by administration of siRNA in neutral liposomes resulted in robust anti-tumor effect that was further enhanced in combination with cisplatin...
March 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421333/identification-of-putative-second-genetic-hits-in-schizophrenia-carriers-of-high-risk-copy-number-variants-and-resequencing-in-additional-samples
#7
Julio Rodríguez-López, Beatriz Sobrino, Jorge Amigo, Noa Carrera, Julio Brenlla, Santiago Agra, Eduardo Paz, Ángel Carracedo, Mario Páramo, Manuel Arrojo, Javier Costas
Copy number variants (CNVs) conferring risk of schizophrenia present incomplete penetrance, suggesting the existence of second genetic hits. Identification of second hits may help to find genes with rare variants of susceptibility to schizophrenia. The aim of this work was to search for second hits of moderate/high risk in schizophrenia carriers of risk CNVs and resequencing of the relevant genes in additional samples. To this end, ten patients with risk CNVs at cytobands 15q11.2, 15q11.2-13.1, 16p11.2, or 16p13...
April 18, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409473/peroxisome-mini-libraries-systematic-approaches-to-study-peroxisomes-made-easy
#8
Noa Dahan, Maya Schuldiner, Einat Zalckvar
High-throughput methodologies have been extensively used in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, to uncover fundamental principles of cell biology. Over the years, several collections of yeast strains (libraries) were built to enable systematic exploration of cellular functions. However, using these libraries experimentally is often labor intensive and restricted to laboratories that hold high throughput platforms. Utilizing the available full genome libraries we handpicked a subset of strains that represent all known and predicted peroxisomal proteins as well as proteins that have central roles in peroxisome biology...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407076/differential-gene-expression-and-transport-functionality-in-the-bundle-sheath-versus-mesophyll-a-potential-role-in-leaf-mineral-homeostasis
#9
Noa Wigoda, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Tianyuan Yang, Ling Yu, Menachem Moshelion, Nava Moran
Under fluctuating ambient conditions, the ability of plants to maintain hydromineral homeostasis requires the tight control of long distance transport. This includes the control of radial transport within leaves, from veins to mesophyll. The bundle sheath is a structure that tightly wraps around leaf vasculature. It has been suggested to act as a selective barrier in the context of radial transport. This suggestion is based on recent physiological transport assays of bundle sheath cells (BSCs), as well as the anatomy of these cells...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401440/coherence-and-content-of-relating-emotions-to-life-events-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-typical-development-a-cross-sectional-age-study
#10
Esther Ben-Itzchak, Michal Kirzon, Noa Peled, Ditza A Zachor
Understanding one's own emotions is an important part of social-emotional development in early childhood. Few studies have looked at the ability of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to relate their own emotions to previous life events. Our previous study showed that the description of events that elicited specific emotions is qualitatively and quantitatively different in ASD in comparison to typically developing (TD) pre-adolescents. The current study evaluated differences in coherence and content of responses to questions on emotions in ASD and TD in two age groups...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399442/spatio-temporal-dynamics-of-working-memory-maintenance-and-scanning-of-verbal-information
#11
Toshimune Kambara, Erik C Brown, Jeong-Won Jeong, Noa Ofen, Yasuo Nakai, Eishi Asano
OBJECTIVE: During verbal communication, humans briefly maintain mental representations of speech sounds conveying verbal information, and constantly scan these representations for comparison to incoming information. We determined the spatio-temporal dynamics of such short-term maintenance and subsequent scanning of verbal information, by intracranially measuring high-gamma activity at 70-110Hz during a working memory task. METHODS: Patients listened to a stimulus set of two or four spoken letters and were instructed to remember those letters over a two-second interval, following which they were asked to determine if a subsequent target letter had been presented earlier in that trial's stimulus set...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394935/enos-s-nitrosylates-%C3%AE-actin-on-cys374-and-regulates-pkc-%C3%AE-at-the-immune-synapse-by-impairing-actin-binding-to-profilin-1
#12
Almudena García-Ortiz, Noa B Martín-Cofreces, Sales Ibiza, Ángel Ortega, Alicia Izquierdo-Álvarez, Antonio Trullo, Víctor M Victor, Enrique Calvo, Begoña Sot, Antonio Martínez-Ruiz, Jesús Vázquez, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid, Juan M Serrador
The actin cytoskeleton coordinates the organization of signaling microclusters at the immune synapse (IS); however, the mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. We show here that nitric oxide (NO) generated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) controls the coalescence of protein kinase C-θ (PKC-θ) at the central supramolecular activation cluster (c-SMAC) of the IS. eNOS translocated with the Golgi to the IS and partially colocalized with F-actin around the c-SMAC. This resulted in reduced actin polymerization and centripetal retrograde flow of β-actin and PKC-θ from the lamellipodium-like distal (d)-SMAC, promoting PKC-θ activation...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392002/does-cryopreservation-of-sperm-affect-fertilization-in-nonobstructive-azoospermia-or-cryptozoospermia
#13
Natali Schachter-Safrai, Gilad Karavani, Eliahu Levitas, Michael Friger, Atif Zeadna, Eitan Lunenfeld, Iris Har-Vardi
OBJECTIVE: To compare intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes with the use of fresh or frozen-thawed ejaculated or testicular sperm in patients with cryptozoospermia or nonobstructive azoospermia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary medical center IVF unit. PATIENT(S): A total of 274 patients evaluated from 1999 to 2011. INTERVENTION(S): A total of 103 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction (TESE) because of nonobstructive azoospermia, and 171 patients were diagnosed with cryptozoospermia...
April 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388405/trade-off-between-transcriptome-plasticity-and-genome-evolution-in-cephalopods
#14
Noa Liscovitch-Brauer, Shahar Alon, Hagit T Porath, Boaz Elstein, Ron Unger, Tamar Ziv, Arie Admon, Erez Y Levanon, Joshua J C Rosenthal, Eli Eisenberg
RNA editing, a post-transcriptional process, allows the diversification of proteomes beyond the genomic blueprint; however it is infrequently used among animals for this purpose. Recent reports suggesting increased levels of RNA editing in squids thus raise the question of the nature and effects of these events. We here show that RNA editing is particularly common in behaviorally sophisticated coleoid cephalopods, with tens of thousands of evolutionarily conserved sites. Editing is enriched in the nervous system, affecting molecules pertinent for excitability and neuronal morphology...
April 6, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384919/unusual-presentation-of-porencephalic-cyst-in-an-adult
#15
Abel Thomas Oommen, Ganeswar Sethy, Noas Tobias Minz, Jogendra Patra, Swayang Sudha Panda
Porencephalic cyst is quite a rare entity in adults with only a few cases reported so far. It is usually congenital and seen in neonates. Here, we report a 28-year-old female who presented with post-ictal confusion following a new onset of focal seizures with secondary generalisation. She was diagnosed to have porencephalic cyst in left posterior parietal lobe on brain imaging. She was started on anti-epileptic drugs and is on follow up.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384615/airborne-asbestos-fibres-monitoring-in-tunnel-excavation
#16
Laura Gaggero, Elisa Sanguineti, Adrián Yus González, Gaia Maria Militello, Alberto Scuderi, Giovanni Parisi
Tunnelling across ophiolitic formation with Naturally Occurring Asbestos (NOA) can release fibres into the environment, exposing workers, and the population, if fibres spread outside the tunnel, leading to increased risk of developing asbestos-related disease. Therefore, a careful plan of environmental monitoring is carried out during Terzo Valico tunnel excavation. In the present study, data of 1571 samples of airborne dust, collected between 2014 and 2016 inside the tunnels, and analyzed by SEM-EDS for quantification of workers exposure, are discussed...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380030/reduced-left-precentral-regional-responses-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-history-of-suicide-attempts
#17
Noa Tsujii, Wakako Mikawa, Emi Tsujimoto, Toru Adachi, Atsushi Niwa, Hisae Ono, Osamu Shirakawa
Previous neuroimaging studies have revealed frontal and temporal functional abnormalities in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and a history of suicidal behavior. However, it is unknown whether multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signal changes among individuals with MDD are associated with a history of suicide attempts and a diathesis for suicidal behavior (impulsivity, hopelessness, and aggression). Therefore, we aimed to explore frontotemporal hemodynamic responses in depressed patients with a history of suicide attempts using 52-channel NIRS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363992/mtlax2-a-functional-homologue-of-the-auxin-importer-ataux1-is-required-for-nodule-organogenesis
#18
Sonali Roy, Fran C Robson, Jodi Lorraine Stewart Lilley, Chengwu Liu, Xiaofei Cheng, Jiangqi Wen, Caitlin Bone, Simon Walker, Jongho Sun, Donna Cousins, Malcolm J Bennett, J Allan Downie, Ranjan Swarup, Giles E Oldroyd, Jeremy D Murray
The plant hormone auxin is a critical signal during root growth and development. A role for auxin in the formation of nodules, specialized lateral organs that form on roots and house nitrogen-fixing rhizobia, has been suggested by numerous studies. We report that auxin influx inhibitors 1-naphthoxyacetic acid (1-NOA) and 2-NOA reduced nodulation of Medicago truncatula, suggesting potential involvement of the AUX/LAX family of auxin influx transporters in nodulation. Gene expression studies identified MtLAX2, an ortholog of Arabidopsis AUX1, as being induced at early stages of nodule development...
March 31, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363467/investigation-of-the-electrostatic-and-hydration-properties-of-dna-minor-groove-binding-by-a-heterocyclic-diamidine-by-osmotic-pressure
#19
Noa Erlitzki, Kenneth Huang, Suela Xhani, Abdelbasset A Farahat, Arvind Kumar, David W Boykin, Gregory M K Poon
Previous investigations of sequence-specific DNA binding by model minor groove-binding compounds showed that the ligand/DNA complex was destabilized in the presence of compatible co-solutes. Inhibition was interpreted in terms of osmotic stress theory as the uptake of significant numbers of excess water molecules from bulk solvent upon complex formation. Here, we interrogated the AT-specific DNA complex formed with the symmetric heterocyclic diamidine DB1976 as a model for minor groove DNA recognition using both ionic (NaCl) and non-ionic cosolutes (ethylene glycol, glycine betaine, maltose, nicotinamide, urea)...
March 20, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361811/predictive-value-of-fsh-testicular-volume-and-histopathological-findings-for-the-sperm-retrieval-rate-of-microdissection-tese-in-nonobstructive-azoospermia-a-meta-analysis
#20
Hao Li, Li-Ping Chen, Jun Yang, Ming-Chao Li, Rui-Bao Chen, Ru-Zhu Lan, Shao-Gang Wang, Ji-Hong Liu, Tao Wang
We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the predictive value of different parameters in the sperm retrieval rate (SRR) of microdissection testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). All relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and EBSCO. We chose three parameters to perform the meta-analysis: follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testicular volume, and testicular histopathological findings which included three patterns: hypospermatogenesis (HS), maturation arrest (MA), and Sertoli-cell-only syndrome (SCOS)...
March 24, 2017: Asian Journal of Andrology
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