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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324570/long-term-outcomes-after-overlapping-sphincteroplasty-for-cloacal-like-deformities
#1
Pedro A Maldonado, Donald Mcintire, Marlene M Corton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report subjective, long-term outcomes and describe patient demographics, presenting symptoms, perioperative management, and complications after overlapping sphincteroplasty repair for chronic fourth-degree lacerations (cloacal-like deformities). METHODS: In this retrospective study, hospital records were reviewed for women who underwent overlapping anal sphincteroplasty for a cloacal-like deformity of the perineum at a single institution from 1996 to 2013...
January 10, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316070/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-severe-lacerations-during-forceps-delivery-in-a-single-teaching-hospital-where-simulation-training-is-held-annually
#2
Yasuko Sano, Chihiro Hirai, Shintaro Makino, Xianglan Li, Jun Takeda, Atsuo Itakura, Satoru Takeda
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of severe lacerations during forceps delivery and the risk factors associated with such delivery in a hospital where simulation training is held annually. METHODS: The medical records of 857 women who underwent forceps delivery at term with singleton cephalic presentation from 2010 to 2015 were reviewed. The relationship between clinical characteristics and birth canal trauma was analyzed. Birth canal trauma included third and fourth degree perineal lacerations...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277626/longitudinal-study-of-quantitative-changes-in-pelvic-organ-support-among-parous-women
#3
Victoria L Handa, Joan L Blomquist, Jennifer Roem, Alvaro Muňoz
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is more common among parous (versus nulliparous) women and also more common after vaginal (versus cesarean) birth. However, very little is known about how childbirth affects the course and progression of pelvic organ prolapse across a woman's lifespan. OBJECTIVE: To investigate longitudinal, quantitative changes in pelvic organ support after childbirth, focusing on the impact of vaginal versus cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which parous women were recruited 5-10 years from first delivery and followed annually...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155777/transurethral-instillation-procedure-in-adult-male-mouse
#4
Sanghee Lee, Alonso Carrasco, Randall B Meacham, Anna P Malykhina
Transurethral instillation can be used to deliver different solutions with active ingredients (e.g., drugs, chemicals, bacteria, and viruses) locally into the urinary bladder to either induce animal models of bladder pathologies or evaluate the effectiveness of intravesical treatments. Most rodent models of lower urinary tract (LUT) pathologies are induced in female mice due to ease of intravesical instillation of the substances via the female urethra. However, due to anatomical differences between the female and male LUT, transurethral instillation in a male mouse has been deemed a very challenging procedure, and it has not been previously described...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155140/pregnancy-and-parturition-negatively-impact-vaginal-angle-and-alter-expression-of-vaginal-mmp-9
#5
Sallie Oliphant, Timothy Canavan, Stacy Palcsey, Leslie Meyn, Pamela Moalli
BACKGROUND: Parity is the greatest risk factor for the development of pelvic organ prolapse. The normally supported vagina is pulled up and back over the levator ani. Loss of vaginal angulation has been associated with prolapse and may represent injury to the vaginal supportive tissues. OBJECTIVE: We proposed and examined the following hypotheses: (1) pregnancy and delivery impact vaginal support, leading to loss of vaginal angle; (2) vaginal angulation is restored postpartum; and (3) uncomplicated vaginal delivery (VD) is associated with accelerated remodeling of the vaginal fibrillar matrix...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150230/cesarean-birth-what-s-in-a-name
#6
L Ni, A Elsaharty, I McConachie
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth is known as both cesarean section (CS) or cesarean delivery (CD). The International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia (IJOA) is the leading obstetric anesthesia journal, and a barometer of attitudes within the profession. The journal recently published the hundredth issue, spanning 25 years (to December 2016). It is an opportune time to examine the evolution of surgical birth terminology (CS versus CD) during that period. METHODS: We examined 1583 articles in IJOA, subdividing them into editorials, papers, review articles, debates and case reports...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135695/short-term-impact-of-assisted-deliveries-evaluation-based-on-behavioral-pain-scoring-and-heart-rate-variability
#7
Thameur Rakza, Laura Butruille, Ms Lucille Thirel, Veronique Houfflin-Debarge, Régis Logier, Laurent Storme, Julien DE Jonckheere
OBJECTIVES: Assisted deliveries are used in current practice by obstetrical teams during labor when the fetus is likely to face difficulties. In this study, we hypothesized that pain related to instrumental delivery could impair autonomic nervous system activity. METHODS: We investigated infants born by spontaneous delivery (SD group, n=35) and those whose deliveries were assisted by vacuum, forceps or both (AD group, n=35) between the 2 and 4 hours of life. Pain was evaluated using the EDIN behavioral pain scale (Neonatal Pain and Discomfort Scale)...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128850/exploring-the-newborn-head-diameters-in-relation-to-current-obstetric-forceps-dimensions-a-systematic-review
#8
Abdul-Qader T Ismail, Derick Yates, Jonathan Chester, Khaled M K Ismail
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically search the literature for studies that reported term neonate head size and shape, in an attempt to determine the most appropriate dimensions for the obstetric forceps. STUDY DESIGN: We searched the Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase and Ebscohost CINAHL databases from inception to February 2016. We predefined inclusion criteria to identify studies in which head width and length of asymptomatic, term neonates were measured soon after birth using direct, non-photographic methods A bespoke quality assessment score was used to evaluate the identified studies...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080696/women-s-experiences-with-immediate-postpartum-intrauterine-device-insertion-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Shannon L Carr, Rameet H Singh, Andrew L Sussman, Rebecca G Rogers, Brenda Pereda, Eve Espey
OBJECTIVE: To describe women's pain and experiences with immediate postpartum intrauterine device (IUD) insertion (IPPI) following vaginal delivery using a ring forceps insertion technique. STUDY DESIGN: This observational mixed-methods study included women who underwent successful IPPI using ring forceps, with and without epidural analgesia. To describe women's pain during the procedure, we recruited women during antenatal care and at the time of admission for delivery until we collected at least 30 sets of pain scores at two time points (preprocedure and immediately postprocedure) in both groups using two instruments: 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) and a 4-point Likert verbal rating scale (VRS) (0=none, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe)...
October 26, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062547/myasthaenia-gravis-clinical-management-issues-before-during-and-after-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Ali Hassan, Zakia M Yasawy
Myasthaenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder which is twice as common among women, often presenting in the second and third decades of life. Typically, the first trimester of pregnancy and first month postpartum are considered high-risk periods for MG exacerbations. During pregnancy, treatment for MG is usually individualised, thus improving its management. Plasma exchange and immunoglobulin therapies can be safely used to treat severe manifestations of the disease or myasthaenic crises. However, thymectomies are not recommended because of the delayed beneficial effects and possible risks associated with the surgery...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033113/a-new-facilitating-technique-for-postpartum-hysterectomy-at-full-dilatation-cervical-clamp
#11
Ozan Dogan, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Murat Yassa
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hysterectomy is a life saving emergency procedure in the management of uncontrollable severe maternal hemorrhage that every obstetrician should be closely acquainted with despite developments in medical and non-surgical interventions for obstetric hemorrhage. It can be difficult to detect the real boundaries of the cervix at full effacement and dilatation in patients who undergo emergency hysterectomy after vaginal delivery. METHODS: Hereby we propose a simple and effective method to ease the operation by placing two atraumatic ring forceps to the anterior and posterior sides of the cervix during the preoperative vaginal examination and leave the two ring forceps while taking the patient into surgery...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958167/age-at-menarche-and-the-risk-of-operative-delivery
#12
Hsu Phern Chong, J Frederik Frøen, Sylvia Richardson, Benoit Liquet, D Stephen Charnock-Jones, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the impact of later menarche on the risk of operative delivery. POPULATION: We studied 38,069 eligible women (first labors at term with a singleton infant in a cephalic presentation) from the Norwegian Mothers and Child Cohort Study. The main exposures were the age at menarche and the duration of the interval between menarche and the first birth. METHODS: Poisson's regression with a robust variance estimator...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943318/a-qualitative-study-showing-women-s-participation-and-empowerment-in-instrumental-vaginal-births
#13
Marie Sjödin, Ingela Rådestad, Sofia Zwedberg
BACKGROUND: An instrumental birth with a ventouse or forceps is a complicated birth, possibly resulting in fear of childbirth which could influence the entire birth experience negatively. Patients who are actively involved in their care have a stronger sense of satisfaction and a sense of participation can contribute to shorter hospital stays. AIM: To describe the experience of participation for women involved in an instrumental delivery with ventouse or forceps...
September 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940875/pressure-and-traction-on-a-model-fetal-head-and-neck-associated-with-the-use-of-forceps-kiwi%C3%A2-ventouse-and-the-bd-odon-device%C3%A2-in-operative-vaginal-birth-a-simulation-study
#14
S M O'Brien, C Winter, C A Burden, M Boulvain, T J Draycott, J F Crofts
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pressure and traction forces exerted on a model fetal head by the BD Odon Device, forceps and Kiwi ventouse during simulated births. DESIGN: Simulation study. SETTING: Simulated operative vaginal birth. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Eighty-four simulated operative vaginal births. METHODS: A bespoke fetal mannequin with pressure sensors around the head and strain gauge across the neck was used to investigate pressure applied over the head, and traction across the neck during 84 simulated births using the BD Odon Device, non-rotational forceps and Kiwi ventouse...
September 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889406/intrapartum-transperineal-ultrasound-used-to-predict-cases-of-complicated-operative-vacuum-and-forceps-deliveries-in-nulliparous-women
#15
José Antonio Sainz, José Antonio García-Mejido, Adriana Aquise, María José Bonomi, Carlota Borrero, Paloma De la Fuente, Ana Fernández-Palacín
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of intrapartum transperineal ultrasound in the identification of complicated operative(vacuum or forceps) deliveries in nulliparous women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational study of nulliparous women with an indication for operative-delivery who underwent intrapartum transperineal ultrasound before fetal extraction. Managing obstetricians were blinded to the ultrasound data...
September 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851252/fetal-heart-rate-changes-observed-on-the-ctg-trace-during-instrumental-vaginal-delivery
#16
Wanying Xie, Abigail Archer, Chao Li, Hongyan Cui, Edwin Chandraharan
INTRODUCTION: Instrumental vaginal delivery (IVD) helps expedite delivery during second stage of labour so as to avoid a second stage caesarean section. However, due to mechanical effects on the fetal head, vacuum and forceps may cause cardiotocograph (CTG) abnormalities due to vigal stimulation as well as increased intracranial pressure. OBJECTIVE: To determine the features observed on the CTG during IVD in term pregnancy and correlate them to perinatal outcomes...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826801/postplacental-intrauterine-device-expulsion-by-12-weeks-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Lisa M Goldthwaite, Jeanelle Sheeder, Jennifer Hyer, Kristina Tocce, Stephanie B Teal
BACKGROUND: An intrauterine device placed immediately following a delivery can serve as an effective and safe contraceptive strategy in the postpartum period. There is limited evidence that the levonorgestrel intrauterine system may have a higher rate of expulsion compared to the copper intrauterine device; however, rates of expulsion for these 2 intrauterine device types have not been compared directly. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare expulsion rates by 12 weeks' postpartum for the levonorgestrel intrauterine system and copper intrauterine device...
December 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783742/validation-of-maternal-reported-pregnancy-and-birth-characteristics-against-the-medical-birth-registry-of-norway
#18
Svein Magne Skulstad, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Marianne Lønnebotn, Ernst Reidar Omenaas, Cecilie Svanes, Francisco Gomez Real
Studies using mothers' self-reported information on birth and pregnancy characteristics are common, but the validity of such data is uncertain. We evaluated questionnaire data from the RHINE III study on reproductive health provided by 715 mothers from Bergen, Norway, about their 1629 births between 1967 and 2010, using the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) as gold standard. Validity of dichotomous variables (gender, preterm birth [<37 weeks' gestation], postterm birth [>42 weeks' gestation], induction of labour, forceps delivery, vacuum delivery, caesarean section, were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) and Cohen's kappa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782264/anal-sphincter-defects-and-faecal-incontinence-15-24-years-after-first-delivery-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rodrigo A Guzmán Rojas, Kjell Å Salvesen, Ingrid Volløyhaug
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of external (EAS) and internal anal sphincter (IAS) defects 15-24 years after childbirth in association to mode of delivery and faecal incontinence (FI), and compare the proportion of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) reported at delivery with defects on ultrasound. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 563 women, who delivered their first child from 1990-97. Women responded to a validated questionnaire (PFDI) in 2013-14...
August 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776641/the-great-divide-country-of-birth-as-a-risk-factor-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#20
James Brown, Supuni Kapurubandara, Emma Gibbs, Jennifer King
BACKGROUND: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) can complicate up to 6% of births and are a major contributor to preventable maternal morbidity. Asian women have a risk of third and fourth degree perineal tears up to four times greater than women of other ethnicities in the same community, but the lack of differentiation of Asian women into regional groups has limited insight into the reasons behind their increased risk. AIMS: To investigate risk of OASIS associated with country of birth...
August 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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