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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103822/emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-availability-use-and-quality-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-city-of-lubumbashi-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-2011
#1
Abel Mukengeshayi Ntambue, Françoise Kaj Malonga, Karen D Cowgill, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Philippe Donnen
BACKGROUND: While emergency obstetric and neonatal care (EmONC) is a proxy indicator for monitoring maternal and perinatal mortalities, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), data on this care is rarely available. In the city of Lubumbashi, the second largest in DRC with an estimated population of 1.5 million, the availability, use and quality of EmONC are not known. This study aimed to assess these elements in Lubumbashi. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in April and May 2011...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103620/a-novel-and-effective-delivery-method-for-polyglycolic-acid-sheets-to-post-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-ulcers
#2
Toshitatsu Takao, Yoshitaka Takegawa, Hiroyuki Ono, Madoka Takao, Shiro Oka, Noriko Shinya, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takeshi Azuma
Background and aims Shielding methods for post-endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) ulcers have delivery-related problems. We developed an enveloped device for this purpose and evaluated its usefulness. Materials and methods Polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets were delivered to six 3.0-cm ulcers in two resected porcine stomachs and six 5.0-cm ulcers in another three stomachs. In the regular method group, small PGA sheets were delivered via forceps. In the novel method group, a large PGA sheet was delivered via the new device...
January 19, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099742/does-breech-delivery-in-an-upright-position-instead-of-on-the-back-improve-outcomes-and-avoid-cesareans
#3
Frank Louwen, Betty-Anne Daviss, Kenneth C Johnson, Anke Reitter
OBJECTIVE: To compare breech outcomes when mothers delivering vaginally are upright, on their back, or planning cesareans. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken of all women who presented for singleton breech delivery at a center in Frankfurt, Germany, between January 2004 and June 2011. RESULTS: Of 750 women with term breech delivery, 315 (42.0%) planned and received a cesarean. Of 269 successful vaginal deliveries of neonates, 229 in the upright position were compared with 40 in the dorsal position...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#4
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092853/operative-vaginal-delivery-and-invasive-procedures-in-pregnancy-among-women-living-with-hiv
#5
Helen Peters, Kate Francis, Kate Harding, Pat A Tookey, Claire Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and outcomes of operative delivery and invasive procedures in pregnancy amongst women living with HIV. STUDY DESIGN: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) is a comprehensive population-based surveillance study in the UK and Ireland. The NSHPC has collected data on operative delivery since 2008, and invasive procedures in pregnancy (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, chorionic villus sampling) from 2012. Descriptive analyses were conducted on 278 pregnancies expected to deliver from 1 January 2008 with outcome reported to the NSHPC by 31 March 2016...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040134/site-and-incidence-of-birth-canal-lacerations-from-instrumental-delivery-with-mediolateral-episiotomy
#6
Kenro Chikazawa, Junko Ushijima, Kenjiro Takagi, Eishin Nakamura, Koki Samejima, Kanako Kadowaki, Isao Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: Instrument-assisted vaginal delivery is a significant risk factor for birth canal lacerations. Although many obstetricians recently are recommending restrictive rather than a routine episiotomy, reports have shown restrictive episiotomy to be associated with more extensive anterior birth canal trauma compared with routine episiotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 110 cases of forceps and vacuum deliveries and investigated the site of birth canal lacerations...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035441/continuous-recording-of-intrarectal-pressures-during-the-second-phase-of-labour-correlations-with-postpartum-pelvic-floor-complaints-a-biomechanical-clinical-study
#7
Sylvain Meyer, François Salchli, Patrick Hohlfeld, David Baud, Yvan Vial, Chahin Achtari
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We correlated intrarectal pressure parameter recordings during the second phase of labour in primiparous women with postpartum pelvic floor (PF) complaints to try to define a critical pressure threshold for the occurrence of permanent PF injury. METHODS: Using a microsystem device, the duration of bearing-down efforts, the area under the pressure curve and the peak pressure during bearing-down efforts were continuously recorded in 43 women with spontaneous delivery (group one) and in 17 women with forceps-assisted delivery (group two)...
December 29, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018784/efficient-method-for-transfer-of-microinjected-eggs-to-mouse-ampulla-for-generating-transgenic-mice
#8
Guang Wen, Jing Di, Qian Li, Jianling Chen, Ling Jin, Cheng Wang, Sanqing Xu
BACKGROUND: The new method described here is highly efficient in transferring microinjected mouse eggs (MEs) through the bursa membrane of a surrogate mother mouse to the ampulla of the oviduct without damaging the blood vessels on the bursa membrane. RESULTS: This method causes no loss of blood, and it produces newborn pups/founders from approximately 70% of the transferred MEs, because only a small hole is made on the blood vessel-free area of the bursa membrane and ampulla of the surrogate mother mouse...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003175/design-of-a-serious-game-for-handling-obstetrical-emergencies
#9
Estelle Jean Dit Gautier, Virginie Bot-Robin, Aurélien Libessart, Guillaume Doucède, Michel Cosson, Chrystèle Rubod
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new technologies in the obstetrical field should lead to the development of learning applications, specifically for obstetrical emergencies. Many childbirth simulations have been recently developed. However, to date none of them have been integrated into a serious game. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to design a new type of immersive serious game, using virtual glasses to facilitate the learning of pregnancy and childbirth pathologies...
December 21, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002293/simulation-training-for-forceps-assisted-vaginal-delivery-and-rates-of-maternal-perineal-trauma
#10
Ross W McQuivey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924376/predicting-levator-avulsion-from-ics-pop-q-findings
#11
Alejandro Pattillo Garnham, Rodrigo Guzmán Rojas, Ka Lai Shek, Hans Peter Dietz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator avulsion is a common consequence of vaginal childbirth. It is associated with symptomatic female pelvic organ prolapse and is also a predictor of recurrence after surgical correction. Skills and hardware necessary for diagnosis by imaging are, however, not universally available. Diagnosis of avulsion may benefit from an elevated index of suspicion. The aim of this study was to examine the predictive value of the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (ICS POP-Q) for the diagnosis of levator avulsion by tomographic 4D translabial ultrasound...
December 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875462/obstetric-forceps-a-species-on-the-brink-of-extinction-andforceps-simulation-and-social-media-andsimulation-training-for-forceps-assisted-vaginal-delivery-and-rates-of-maternal-perineal-trauma
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868224/evaluation-of-levator-ani-muscle-throughout-the-different-stages-of-labor-by-transperineal-3d-ultrasound
#13
José Antonio García Mejido, Carmen M Suárez Serrano, Ana Fernández Palacín, Adriana Aquise Pino, María José Bonomi Barby, José Antonio Sainz Bueno
OBJECTIVE: Description and assessment by 3-D transperineal ultrasound of modifications suffered by pelvic floor muscles during the passage of the fetal head through the birth canal during the second stage of labor, as well as the identification of the precise moment in which levator ani muscle avulsion takes place. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included were 35 primigravidae, recruited during the first stage of labor, with at term pregnancy (37-42 weeks), without serious maternal-fetal pathology and cephalic presentation...
November 21, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843666/recurring-facial-erythema-in-an-infant
#14
Sam Hassan, Mary Jacqueline Saviour
Causes of facial rashes and erythema in infants are many but rarely only happen during feeding times which are commonly and sometimes wrongly attributed to food allergy. There is a rare condition called Auriculotemporal nerve syndrome that is characterized by recurrent episodes of gustatory facial flushing and sweating along the cutaneous distribution of Auriculotemporal nerve: the so-called Frey syndrome. This condition is most frequently observed in adults usually after parotid surgery. It is rare in children and is mostly attributed to forceps assisted delivery...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829881/moyamoya-disease-in-pregnancy-and-delivery-planning-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Erica Weston, Niharika Mehta
Moyamoya disease is a rare condition characterized by stenosis or occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid arteries leading to the development of fragile collateral vessels. Disruption of these vessels can lead to both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. As such, these patients are sensitive to changes in intracranial pressure and pose a challenge in pregnancy and delivery planning. Two cases of a parturients with moyamoya disease are presented, and the literature regarding safe method of delivery in similar patients is reviewed...
December 2016: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829879/hermansky-pudlak-syndrome-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#16
Lydia Yusuf, Srivasavi Dukka, Etienne Ciantar
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder estimated to affect 1 in 500,000 to 1,000,000 individuals worldwide. Clinically, it presents as oculocutaneous albinism combined with bleeding diathesis. This is due to the absence of dense bodies in platelets causing a delayed secondary response resulting in prolonged bleeding time despite normal platelet count and coagulation factors. This has consequences for major bleeding, the risk of which is high at delivery. In the longer term, the condition is also associated with the development of pulmonary fibrosis, inflammatory bowel disorders caused by granulomatous colitis and renal failure...
December 2016: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802555/promote-study-safety-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-during-the-third-trimester-by-labor-and-delivery-outcomes
#17
Kendi L Hensel, Brandy M Roane, Anita Vikas Chaphekar, Peggy Smith-Barbaro
BACKGROUND: Few quality data exist on the safety of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) during pregnancy. The Pregnancy Research on Osteopathic Manipulation Optimizing Treatment Effects (PROMOTE) study was a randomized controlled clinical trial that studied the application of an OMT protocol to manage pain and dysfunction in pregnant patients during their third trimester. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of an OMT protocol applied during the third trimester of pregnancy by analyzing incidence of high-risk status and labor and delivery outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766973/factors-associated-with-maternal-near-miss-in-childbirth-and-the-postpartum-period-findings-from-the-birth-in-brazil-national-survey-2011-2012
#18
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Marcos Augusto Bastos Dias, Arthur Orlando Corrêa Schilithz, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Maternal near-miss (MNM) audits are considered a useful approach to improving maternal healthcare. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with maternal near-miss cases in childbirth and the postpartum period in Brazil. METHODS: The study is based on data from a nationwide hospital-based survey of 23,894 women conducted in 2011-2012. The data are from interviews with mothers during the postpartum period and from hospital medical files...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677194/the-effect-of-prostaglandin-induced-labor-and-selected-factors-on-the-occurrence-and-extent-of-birth-canal-injuries
#19
A Kacvinska, M Drab, A Totka, K Holoman, M Gabor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of labor induction using prostaglandin, gestation period and delivery type on the cause and extent of birth-canal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study based on the records of II. GPK UNB Ružinov. The total set (n = 1377) consisted of patients who went into labor in second half of the year 2014 at this clinic. The research used categorical data divided into groups of factors (induction, week of delivery, type of delivery) and birth injuries...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591346/temporal-and-regional-variations-in-operative-vaginal-delivery-in-canada-by-pelvic-station-2004-2012
#20
Giulia M Muraca, Yasser Sabr, Rollin Brant, Geoffrey W Cundiff, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To describe temporal and regional variations in Canada in the use of operative vaginal delivery (OVD) at term for singleton pregnancies by pelvic station between 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Rates of OVD among term singleton pregnancies in Canada (excluding Quebec) were estimated using information from the Discharge Abstract Database of the Canadian Institute for Health Information for the years 2004-2012 (n = 2 284 109). Deliveries were stratified by pelvic station...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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