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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909490/effects-of-atrial-fibrillation-cardioversion-after-percutaneous-mitral-balloon-valvuloplasty-on-echocardiographic-left-and-right-atrial-functions
#1
Ayman Morttada Md, Aly Ramzy Md, Said Khaled Md, Amal Ayoub Md, Sameh Samir Md, Hossam Zaki Md
Amongst patients with mitral stenosis (MS), the most common complication is AF.Our study aimed at evaluating the effect of AF cardioversion after Percutaneous Mitral Balloon Valvuloplasty (PMBV) on echocardiographic atrial functions. The study included 34 patients with MS and AF, presenting to Ain-shams University hospitals, who underwent successful PMBV then randomized into 2 different groups according to AF management strategy. Group-I patients (n=16) received DC cardioversion after amiodarone infusion (within 24 hours post-PMBV) in addition to anticoagulation...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859956/noninvasive-hepatic-fibrosis-staging-using-mr-elastography-the-usefulness-of-the-bayesian-prediction-method
#2
Shintaro Ichikawa, Utaroh Motosugi, Nobuyuki Enomoto, Masanori Matsuda, Hiroshi Onishi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of the Bayesian method for hepatic fibrosis staging with magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample of this retrospective study comprised patients with chronic liver disease (n = 309), in whom histopathological fibrosis staging and MRE using either a 1.5T (n = 214) or a 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system (n = 95) had been performed. The optimal cutoff stiffness value was determined and used to calculate the discrimination ability of fibrosis staging by the cutoff method...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853498/dosimetry-of-three-cone-beam-computerized-tomography-scanners-at-different-fields-of-view-in-terms-of-various-head-and-neck-organs
#3
Sima Nikneshan, Mahmood Reza Aghamiri, Ehsan Moudi, Nika Bahemmat, Hoora Hadian
BACKGROUND: Marketing new radiography devices necessitates documenting their absorbed X-ray doses. Since the current literature lacks studies on new devices, we assessed the doses of two new devices that had not previously been assessed. OBJECTIVES: The new devices were compared to the Promax three dimensional (3D) scanner at two fields of view (FOV) in nine critical head and neck tissues and organs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen thermoluminescence dosimeters positioned in an average-sized male RANDO phantom were used to determine the dosimetry of the three cone beam computerized tomography devices (NewTom VGi, NewTom 5G, and Promax 3D) at two field of views (FOVs), one small and one large...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843725/development-of-highly-transferable-microsatellites-for-panax-ginseng-araliaceae-using-whole-genome-data
#4
Peng Jiang, Feng-Xue Shi, Ya-Ling Li, Bao Liu, Lin-Feng Li
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Highly transferable expressed sequence tag (EST) microsatellites were developed for Panax ginseng (Araliaceae), one of the most celebrated traditional Chinese medicines and an endangered species in East Asia, using whole-genome data. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-one EST microsatellites were characterized from next-generation sequencing and were composed of di- and trinucleotide repeats. Polymorphisms and genetic diversity were evaluated for 45 accessions of three ginseng landraces...
November 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835932/treatment-of-frictional-dental-hypersensitivity-fdh-with-computer-guided-occlusal-adjustments
#5
Nick Yiannios, Robert B Kerstein, John Radke
OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of treating dentin/dental hypersensitivity (DH) to Cold Ice Water Swish testing before and after subjects undergo the Immediate Complete Anterior Guidance Development (ICAGD) computer-guided occlusal adjustment. METHODS: One hundred chronically dysfunctional patients with known cold sensitivity swished ice water intraorally to elicit a DH response scored on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The subjects then underwent the ICAGD coronoplasty, which was followed by a second ice water swish scored with a second VAS...
November 11, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834785/physiological-effects-of-a%C3%A2-single-chest-physiotherapy-session-in-mechanically-ventilated-and-extubated-preterm-neonates
#6
Y Mehta, J Shetye, R Nanavati, A Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changes on various physiological cardio-respiratory parameters with a single chest physiotherapy session in mechanically ventilated and extubated preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study in neonatal intensive care unit setting. Sixty preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, thirty mechanically ventilated and thirty extubated preterm neonates requiring chest physiotherapy were enrolled in the study...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832740/inter-and-intra-reproducibility-of-genotypes-from-sheep-technical-replicates-on-illumina-and-affymetrix-platforms
#7
Donagh P Berry, Aine O'Brien, Eamonn Wall, Kevin McDermott, Shane Randles, Paul Flynn, Stephen Park, Jenny Grose, Rebecca Weld, Noirin McHugh
BACKGROUND: Accurate genomic analyses are predicated upon access to accurate genotype input data. The objective of this study was to quantify the reproducibility of genotype data that are generated from the same genotype platform and from different genotyping platforms. METHODS: Genotypes based on 51,121 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for 84 animals that were each genotyped on Illumina and Affymetrix platforms and for another 25 animals that were each genotyped twice on the same Illumina platform were compared...
November 10, 2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808037/patient-are-satisfied-one-year-after-decompression-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#8
Rune Tendal Paulsen, Jamal Bech Bouknaitir, Søren Fruensgaard, Leah Carreron, Mikkel Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a clinical syndrome of buttock or lower extremity pain, which may occur with or without back pain. The syndrome is associated with diminished space available for the neural and vascular elements in the lumbar spine. LSS is typically seen in elderly patients, its prevalence is estimated to be 47% in people over the age 60 years. LSS is the most common reason for spine surgery in Denmark and the number of surgical procedures is likely to increase due to demographic changes...
November 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805332/reticulocyte-hemoglobin-vis-a-vis-serum-ferritin-as-a-marker-of-bone-marrow-iron-store-in-iron-deficiency-anemia
#9
Sudhir Mehta, Laxmi Kant Goyal, Debashish Kaushik, Sandhya Gulati, Nidhi Sharma, L Harshvardhan, Naveen Gupta
AIM: To evaluate reticulocyte hemoglobin (RET-He) vis-a-vis serum ferritin as a marker of bone marrow iron store in iron deficiency anemia (IDA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A hospital based analytic study was conducted among patients (age group 15-65 years) with newly diagnosed and untreated IDA admitted in medicine ward and not suffering from any inflammatory disorders (excluded by C-reactive protein). Patient having other forms of anemia/ hemoglobinopathies/ malignancy, MCV > 80 fL and pregnant female were excluded...
November 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787387/effects-of-saxagliptin-add-on-therapy-to-insulin-on-blood-glycemic-fluctuations-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-control-open-labeled-trial
#10
Feng-Fei Li, Lan-Lan Jiang, Reng-Na Yan, Hong-Hong Zhu, Pei-Hua Zhou, Dan-Feng Zhang, Xiao-Fei Su, Jin-Dan Wu, Lei Ye, Jian-Hua Ma
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether saxagliptin add-on therapy to continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) further improve blood glycemic control than CSII therapy in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This was a single-center, randomized, control, open-labeled trial. Newly diagnosed T2D patients were recruited between February 2014 and December 2015. Subjects were divided into saxagliptin add-on therapy to CSII group (n = 31) and CSII therapy group (n = 38)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783980/application-of-an-ultrahigh-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-orbitrap-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-for-the-rapid-screening-identification-and-quantification-of-illegal-adulterated-glucocorticoids-in-herbal-medicines
#11
Shuiqing Zhou, Changchuan Guo, Feng Shi, Wei Jiang, Lei Wang
In this work, the ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS) was applied to the rapid screening, identification and quantification of the illegal adulterated glucocorticoids in herbal medicines. The mass spectrometer was operated in positive ion mode and Full MS/dd-MS(2) (data-dependent MS(2)) mode, where selected ions were subjected to a dd-MS(2) scan with given fragmentation energy following a Full MS scan. The application of 70 000 FWHM mass resolution and narrow mass windows (5ppm) effectively improve the selectivity of the method, and a single injection was sufficient to perform the simultaneous screening and identification/quantification of 14 glucocorticoids in 15min...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781248/-application-of-multidisciplinary-treatment-in-patients-with-liver-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer
#12
Hao Li, Xiaohui Du, Shaoyou Xia, Songyan Li, Jian Xu, Guijun Zou, Shidong Hu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the application of multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) in patients with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer(CLM). METHODS: Clinical data of 118 patients with liver metastasis of colorectal cancer, including 32 patients with MDT (MDT group) and 86 patients without MDT (control group), from February 2014 to April 2015 in PLA General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Compliance of preoperative examination and adjuvant therapy, and efficacy-associated indexes were compared between the two groups...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760775/invited-commentary-little-steps-lead-to-huge-steps-it-s-time-to-make-physical-inactivity-our-number-1-public-health-enemy
#13
Timothy S Church
The analysis plan and article in this issue of the Journal by Evenson et al. (Am J Epidemiol 2016;184(9):621-632) is well-conceived, thoughtfully conducted, and tightly written. The authors utilized the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data set to examine the association between accelerometer-measured physical activity level and mortality and found that meeting the 2013 federal Physical Activity Guidelines resulted in a 35% reduction in risk of mortality. The timing of these findings could not be better, given the ubiquitous nature of personal accelerometer devices...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737674/effects-of-eight-weeks-of-time-restricted-feeding-16-8-on-basal-metabolism-maximal-strength-body-composition-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-resistance-trained-males
#14
Tatiana Moro, Grant Tinsley, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, Quirico Francesco Pacelli, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Palma, Paulo Gentil, Marco Neri, Antonio Paoli
BACKGROUND: Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular dietary approach used for weight loss and overall health. While there is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating beneficial effects of IF on blood lipids and other health outcomes in the overweight and obese, limited data are available about the effect of IF in athletes. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effects of a modified IF protocol (i.e. time-restricted feeding) during resistance training in healthy resistance-trained males...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730776/cardiac-diastolic-dysfunction-and-regional-body-fat-distribution-in-insulin-resistant-peripubertal-obese-males
#15
A V Sahasrabuddhe, S U Pitale, Dhoble, J Shivalkar, M M Sagdeo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate presence of diastolic dysfunction in obese peripubertal males (8-18 years of age). To correlate diastolic dysfunction with insulin resistance, insulin levels and omental and epicardial fat. METHODS: Obese males (n=46) and age matched healthy lean controls (n=50) in the age group of 8-18 years were included in this study. Anthropometric measurements were recorded. Investigations done: Fasting blood sugar and serum insulin levels, lipid profile, 2-D Echocardiography to assess left ventricular diastolic function and epicardial fat, abdominal CT scan to measure omental fat and ultrasound for NAFLD...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725276/augmented-superior-rectus-transposition-with-medial-rectus-recession-in-patients-with-abducens-nerve-palsy
#16
Preeti Patil-Chhablani, Krishnapriya Kothamasu, Ramesh Kekunnaya, Virender Sachdeva, Vivek Warkad
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical outcome of augmented superior rectus transposition (SRT) and medial rectus recession (MRc) in patients with abducens nerve palsy. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients with abducens nerve palsy who underwent unilateral or bilateral simultaneous SRT with MRc from January 2012 to December 2014. Patients with previous strabismus surgery or botulinum toxin injection were excluded. Primary outcome measures were esotropia in primary position and abduction deficit...
October 7, 2016: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711137/comparison-study-between-conventional-sequence-and-slice-encoding-metal-artifact-correction-semac-in-the-diagnosis-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-receiving-lumbar-inter-body-fusion-and-pedicle-screw-fixation-surgery
#17
Sol Bee Han, Young Cheol Yoon, Jong Won Kwon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Slice-Encoding Metal Artifact Correction (SEMAC) sequence is one of the metal artifact reduction techniques of anatomical structure, but there has been no report about evaluation of post-operative complications. The purpose of this article is to compare the anatomical visibility between fast spin echo (FSE) and FSE-SEMAC and to evaluate the additional value of FSE-SEMAC in diagnostic confidence of the complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study with 54 patients who received lumbar spinal surgery and MR images including FSE-SEMAC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692107/predictive-variables-of-open-reduction-in-intertrochanteric-fracture-nailing-a-report-of-210-cases
#18
Verónica Jiménez Díaz, Alfonso Carlos Prada Cañizares, Ismael Auñón Martín, Miguel Aroca Peinado, Pedro Caba Doussoux
BACKGROUND: Factors that impede closed reduction in intertrochanteric fractures remain unknown. This study was designed with the aim of establishing radiological variables that can predict an open reduction when nailing those type of fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational prospective study carried out between March 2013 and March 2015. Patients of both gender who suffered an intertrochanteric fracture, and who were surgically treated by intramedullary nailing (PFN-A), were included...
September 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676807/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-low-back-pain-among-hospital-staff-in-a-university-hospital-in-lebanon
#19
Khalil Ghoussoub, Alain El Asmar, Gaby Kreichati, Sawma Wakim, Mayla Bakhache, Maria Baz, Zakhia Naoum
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the prevalence and risk factors of low back pain occurred in health care workers in a Lebanese Hospital, and the impact of gestural and postural education in prevention. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A transversal survey with retrospective data collection was conducted at the University Hospital Center Hôtel-Dieu de France (HDF) Beirut in November 2015. It was based on a questionnaire of 29 items exploring the demographic, anthropometric and social data subjects and data for low back pain: duration, trigger back pain, risk factors, low back pain history, and the role of staff training to handling...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663309/antifungal-prophylaxis-of-patients-undergoing-allogenetic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-china-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#20
Lei Gao, Yuqian Sun, Fanyi Meng, Mingzhe Han, He Huang, Depei Wu, Li Yu, Hanyun Ren, Xiaojun Huang, Xi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Antifungal prophylaxis is currently regarded as the gold standard in situations with allo-genetic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, the epidemiological information regarding prophylaxis of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) is not clear in China. METHODS: We report the first large-scale (1053 patients) observational study of the prophylaxis and management of IFDs among patients with allo-HSCT in China. RESULTS: The incidence rates of IFD after primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP), secondary antifungal prophylaxis (SAP), and non-prophylaxis were 22...
2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
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