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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240683/development-and-validation-of-the-brief-folate-specific-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-young-women-s-diet-assessment
#1
Dominika Głąbska, Aneta Książek, Dominika Guzek
The tools enabling brief assessment of folate intake may be of great value for public health purposes. The aim of the presented study was to design a brief folate-specific food frequency questionnaire for Central and Eastern European population of women, as well as to assess the validity and reproducibility of the designed Folate-Intake Calculation-Food Frequency Questionnaire (Fol-IC-FFQ) on a group of Polish women aged 20-30 years. Participants collected 3-day dietary records and completed the Fol-IC-FFQ twice (FFQ1: directly after the dietary record; and FFQ2: six weeks later)...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216999/characteristics-predictors-and-mechanisms-of-thrombosis-in%C3%A2-coronary-bioresorbable-scaffolds-differences-between-early-and-late-events
#2
Tommaso Gori, Melissa Weissner, Svenja Gönner, Franziska Wendling, Helen Ullrich, Stephen Ellis, Remzi Anadol, Alberto Polimeni, Thomas Münzel
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to investigate the incidence, characteristics, predictors, and possible mechanisms of early and 3-year coronary scaffold thrombosis (ScT). BACKGROUND: An increased incidence of both early and late ScT has been shown in randomized trials. METHODS: Consecutive patients were enrolled in a single-center registry. Quantitative coronary angiography was performed. Incidence and predictors of ScT were assessed with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses...
December 11, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151051/subclinical-propionibacterium-acnes-infection-estimation-in-the-intervertebral-disc-spine-id-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort
#3
Nelson Astur, Delio E Martins, Marcelo Wajchenberg, Mario Ferretti, Fernando G Menezes, Andre M Doi, Laercio A Rosemberg, Durval C B Santos, Alexandre S Iutaka, Luciano M R Rodrigues, Marines D V Martino, Jorge R Pagura, Eduardo N Kihara Filho, Mario Lenza
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain and vertebral endplate abnormalities are common conditions within the population. Subclinical infection caused by indolent pathogens can potentially lead to these findings, with differentiation between them notably challenging from a clinical perspective. Progressive infection of the intervertebral disc has been extensively associated with increasing low back pain, with Propionibacterium acnes specifically implicated with in relation to sciatica. The main purpose of this study is to identify if the presence of an infective pathogen within the intervertebral disc is primary or is a result of intraoperative contamination, and whether this correlates to low back pain...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143090/pattern-of-lower-intestinal-ostomies-in-a-low-income-country-case-of-southeast-of-niger-republic
#4
Harissou Adamou, Oumarou Habou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Ousseini Adakal, Amadou Magagi, Maazou Halidou, Rachid Sani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ostomies are common surgical procedures performed in visceral surgery as part of management for several gastrointestinal diseases. This study aims to report the socio-demographic characteristics, indications and prognosis of intestinal ostomies in low-income country. METHODS: This was a 4-year retrospective study (January 2013 to December 2016) at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). All patients with a digestive ostomy on an ileum or colic segment were included in the study...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134292/simultaneous-determination-of-brazilin-and-protosappanin-b-in-caesalpinia-sappan-by-ionic-liquid-dispersive-liquid-phase-microextraction-method-combined-with-hplc
#5
Zhaoyang Xia, Dongdong Li, Qing Li, Yan Zhang, Wenyi Kang
The conditions of heating, ionic liquid-based ultrasonic-assisted extraction combined with reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography were optimized to simultaneously isolate and determinate brazilin and protosappanin B in Caesalpinia sappan. Ionic liquids, including [BMIM]Br, [BMIM]BF4, [BMIM]PF6 and [HMIM]PF6, were selected as extraction solvents while methanol, acetone, acetonitrile, ethanol and water were selected as dispersants. The chromatographic column was Purospher star RP-C18 (250 mm × 4...
November 13, 2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102246/quantification-of-isoflavonoids-and-triterpene-saponins-in-astragali-radix-the-root-of-astragalus-membranaceus-via-reverse-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-integrated-pulsed-amperometric-detection
#6
Seung-Min Lee, Ji-Seon Jeong, Ha-Jeong Kwon, Seon-Pyo Hong
Astragali Radix, the root of Astragalus membranaceus Bunge, is one of the most frequently used crude drugs in Asian medicine. We developed a quantification method for 6 components (calycosin, formononetin, astragaloside I-IV) of Astragali Radix and Hwanggi-gyeji-omul-tang (HGOT) using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with integrated pulsed amperometric detection (RP-HPLC-IPAD). The plants were extracted in 80% ethanol for 2h. All target components were detected with good sensitivity using sodium hydroxide (as a post-column eluent)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100451/comparison-of-the-efficacy-between-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-and-two-dimensional-conventional-radiotherapy-in-stage-ii-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#7
Xin-Bin Pan, Kai-Hua Chen, Shi-Ting Huang, Yan-Ming Jiang, Jia-Lin Ma, Zhong-Guo Liang, Song Qu, Ling Li, Long Chen, Xiao-Dong Zhu
We compared treatment outcomes in patients with stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or two-dimensional conventional radiotherapy (2D-CRT). Stage II (2010 UICC/AJCC staging system) NPC patients treated with IMRT (n = 178) or 2D-CRT (n = 73) between January 2007 and December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were matched using the propensity score-matching method. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints were local relapse-free survival (LRFS), regional relapse-free survival (RRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), and disease-free survival (DFS)...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077443/scalable-creation-of-long-lived-multipartite-entanglement
#8
H Kaufmann, T Ruster, C T Schmiegelow, M A Luda, V Kaushal, J Schulz, D von Lindenfels, F Schmidt-Kaler, U G Poschinger
We demonstrate the deterministic generation of multipartite entanglement based on scalable methods. Four qubits are encoded in ^{40}Ca^{+}, stored in a microstructured segmented Paul trap. These qubits are sequentially entangled by laser-driven pairwise gate operations. Between these, the qubit register is dynamically reconfigured via ion shuttling operations, where ion crystals are separated and merged, and ions are moved in and out of a fixed laser interaction zone. A sequence consisting of three pairwise entangling gates yields a four-ion Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state |ψ⟩=(1/sqrt[2])(|0000⟩+|1111⟩), and full quantum state tomography reveals a state fidelity of 94...
October 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069957/investigating-the-relationship-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-thyroid-function-in-second-trimester-pregnant-women
#9
Ying Pan, Shao Zhong, Qin Liu, Cai-Bo Wang, Wen-Hua Zhu, Xian-An Shen, Bing Lu, Li-Wen Shen, Yanjun Zeng
This study aims to explore the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and thyroid hormones during the second trimester. In total, 277 pregnant women at 13-28 weeks of gestation were enrolled. According to the level of thyrotropic-stimulating hormone, they were divided into a reduced TSH group, a normal TSH group and an elevated TSH group. In this study, we found that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was as high as 94.58%. The 25-hydroxyvitamin D level in the reduced TSH group was lower than that in the normal thyroid function group (p = ...
October 26, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056069/quantifying-the-relationship-between-capability-and-health-in-older-people-can-t-map-won-t-map
#10
Matthew Franklin, Katherine Payne, Rachel A Elliott
BACKGROUND: Intuitively, health and capability are distinct but linked concepts. This study aimed to quantify the link between a measure of health status (EQ-5D-3L) and capability (ICECAP-O) using regression-based methods. METHODS: EQ-5D-3L and ICECAP-O data were collected from a sample of older people ( n = 584), aged over 65 years, requiring a hospital visit and/or care home resident, and recruited to one of 3 studies forming the Medical Crisis in Older People (MCOP) program in England...
October 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053220/adalimumab-and-postoperative-complications-of-elective-intestinal-resections-in-crohn-s-disease-a-propensity-score-case-matched-study
#11
Paulo Gustavo Kotze, Daniéla Oliveira Magro, Carlos Augusto Real Martinez, Barbara Saab, Mansur Paulo Saab, Lilian Vital Pinheiro, Marcia Olandoski, Takayuki Yamamoto, Claudio Saddy Rodrigues Coy
BACKGROUND: data are scarce regarding the effect of preoperative Adalimumab (ADA) in postoperative complications in Crohn's disease (CD) patients. AIM: to compare the rates of postoperative complications after intestinal resections in CD, with and without previous exposure to ADA. METHOD: case-matched retrospective observational study of patients submitted to intestinal resections for CD. The patients were allocated to 2 groups, according to their previous exposure to ADA before surgery...
October 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052566/analysis-on-inpatient-health-expenditures-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-grade-a-tertiary-hospital-in-beijing
#12
Xin Liu, Yong-Hui Mao, Xue-Mei He, Yan-Jing Zhang, Ying Sun
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of malignant renal tumors with a growing incidence in the recent years. This study aimed to investigate the influencing factors and variation trend of hospitalization expenditures among RCC patients in a single-centered hospital in Beijing during 5 consecutive years and to find the major cost items and fluctuation tendency of inpatient medical expenditures. METHODS: The information of medical expenditures among RCC patients in a Grade-A tertiary hospital during the years 2012-2016 was investigated to find the main cost items and changes affecting the medical cost structure...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046728/high-prevalence-of-berardinelli-seip-congenital-lipodystrophy-in-rio-grande-do-norte-state-northeast-brazil
#13
Lázaro Batista de Azevedo Medeiros, Verônica Kristina Cândido Dantas, Aquiles Sales Craveiro Sarmento, Lucymara Fassarella Agnez-Lima, Adriana Lúcia Meireles, Thaiza Teixeira Xavier Nobre, Josivan Gomes de Lima, Julliane Tamara Araújo de Melo Campos
BACKGROUND: Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare disease characterized by the almost complete absence of adipose tissue. Although a large number of BSCL cases was previously identified in Rio Grande do Norte (RN), a state in Northeast Brazil, its prevalence in RN regions and municipalities remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to better characterize the prevalence of BSCL in RN. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted using secondary data obtained from the Association of Parents and People with BSCL of RN to determine its prevalence...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030586/batrachochytrium-salamandrivorans-not-detected-in-u-s-survey-of-pet-salamanders
#14
Blake Klocke, Matthew Becker, James Lewis, Robert C Fleischer, Carly R Muletz-Wolz, Larry Rockwood, A Alonso Aguirre, Brian Gratwicke
We engaged pet salamander owners in the United States to screen their animals for two amphibian chytrid fungal pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal). We provided pet owners with a sampling kit and instructional video to swab the skin of their animals. We received 639 salamander samples from 65 species by mail, and tested them for Bd and Bsal using qPCR. We detected Bd on 1.3% of salamanders (95% CI 0.0053-0.0267) and did not detect Bsal (95% CI 0.0000-0.0071). If Bsal is present in the U...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992016/determining-the-effects-of-early-gestation-in-utero-heat-stress-on-postnatal-fasting-heat-production-and-circulating-biomarkers-associated-with-metabolism-in-growing-pigs
#15
N M Chapel, C J Byrd, D W Lugar, G M Morello, L H Baumgard, J W Ross, T J Safranski, M C Lucy, J S Johnson
The study objective was to characterize effects of early gestation in utero heat stress (IUHS) on postnatal fasting heat production (FHP) and blood biomarkers associated with metabolism in growing pigs. Based on previous observation of increased postnatal core body temperature set point in IUHS pigs, we hypothesized that FHP would be altered during postnatal life because of IUHS. Pregnant first-parity gilts were exposed to thermoneutral (TN; = 4; 17.8 ± 0.1°C) or heat stress (HS; = 4; cyclical 28 to 38°C) conditions from d 30 to 60 of gestation...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985325/home-based-telerehabilitation-in-older-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Palmira Bernocchi, Michele Vitacca, Maria Teresa La Rovere, Maurizio Volterrani, Tiziana Galli, Doriana Baratti, Mara Paneroni, Giuseppe Campolongo, Barbara Sposato, Simonetta Scalvini
Background: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) frequently coexist in older people, reducing patients' quality of life (QoL) and increasing morbidity and mortality. Objective: we studied the feasibility and efficacy of an integrated telerehabilitation home-based programme (Telereab-HBP), 4 months long, in patients with combined COPD and CHF. The primary outcome was exercise tolerance evaluated at the 6-min walk test (6MWT)...
August 30, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980998/low-temperature-behaviour-of-k2sc-si2o6-f-determination-of-the-lock-in-phase-and-its-relationships-with-fresnoite-and-melilite-type-compounds
#17
C Hejny, L Bindi
K2Sc[Si2O6]F exhibits, at room temperature, a (3 + 2)-dimensional incommensurately modulated structure [a = 8.9878 (1), c = 8.2694 (2) Å, V = 668.01 (2) Å(3); superspace group P42/mnm(α,α,0)000s(-α,α,0)0000] with modulation wavevectors q1 = 0.2982 (4)(a* + b*) and q2 = 0.2982 (4)(-a* + b*). Its low-temperature behaviour has been studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Down to 45 K, the irrational component α of the modulation wavevectors is quite constant varying from 0.2982 (4) (RT), through 0...
October 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965050/trace-level-determination-of-chloroacetyl-chloride-and-degradation-products-by-derivatization-gas-chromatography
#18
Marie-France Morissette, Larry Wigman, Jerry Tso
A gas chromatographic procedure has been developed for the trace determination of chloroacetyl chloride (CAC) and two of its impurities: methyl chloroacetate (MCA) and chloroacetic acid (CAA). All three compounds are derivatized using piperidine in dichloroethane prior to their analysis via gas chromatography coupled with a flame ionization detection (GC-FID). Recoveries of each compound were assessed in two different pharmaceutical matrices (intermediate and final active pharmaceutical ingredient) and ranged from 75 to 125%...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963744/factors-associated-with-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-surgical-treatment-of-rectal-cancer
#19
Luis Miguel Jimenez-Gomez, Eloy Espin-Basany, Loris Trenti, Marc Martí-Gallostra, José Luis Sánchez-García, Francesc Vallribera-Valls, Esther Kreisler, Sebastiano Biondo, Manuel Armengol-Carrasco
AIM: To assess factors independently associated with low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) following resection or rectal cancer. METHOD: Cross-sectional study carried out in two acute-care teaching hospitals in Barcelona, Spain. Patients who had undergone sphincter preserving low anterior resection with curative intent, with total or partial mesorectal excision (with and without protective ileostomy) between January 2001 and December 2009 completed a self-administered questionnaire to assess bowel dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery...
September 29, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952360/migrant-elders-in-hainan-china-report-better-health-and-lower-depression-than-local-born-elderly-residents
#20
Wei Wang, Qingxia Wu, Xiaoyang Yang, Xin He, Xuefang An
BACKGROUND: The number of migrant elders is increasing due to ageing of the global population and increasing life expectancy. There is accumulating evidence of the impact of internal or international migration on health. AIM: To compare the health and depression of local and migrant elders in Hainan province. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Health and depression were assessed by the Self-Rated Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0 (SRHMS V1.0) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), respectively...
September 27, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
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