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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675114/a-comparative-study-of-conventional-physiotherapy-versus-robot-assisted-gait-training-associated-to-physiotherapy-in-individuals-with-ataxia-after-stroke
#1
Marcia Belas Dos Santos, Clarissa Barros de Oliveira, Arly Dos Santos, Cristhiane Garabello Pires, Viviana Dylewski, Ricardo Mario Arida
Objectives: To assess the influence of RAGT on balance, coordination, and functional independence in activities of daily living of chronic stroke survivors with ataxia at least one year of injury. Methods: It was a randomized controlled trial. The patients were allocated to either therapist-assisted gait training (TAGT) or robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT). Both groups received 3 weekly sessions of physiotherapy with an estimated duration of 60 minutes each and prescribed home exercises...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671653/genetic-diversity-analysis-of-the-oriental-river-prawn-macrobrachium-nipponense-in-huaihe-river
#2
Feng Cui, Yanyan Yu, Fangyin Bao, Song Wang, Ming Song Xiao
The oriental river prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) is an economically and nutritionally important species of decapod crustaceans in China. Genetic structure and demographic history of Macrobrachium nipponense were examined using sequence data from portions of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene. Samples of 191 individuals were collected from 10 localities in the upper to middle reaches of the Huaihe River. Variability was detected at a total of 42 nucleotide sites along 684 bp length of homologous sequence (6...
April 19, 2018: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668610/a-term-vaginal-delivery-by-a-patient-with-traumatic-tetraplegia-a-case-report
#3
Changfang Yao, Yongjuan Xu, Li Dai, Yan Lv, Xiaoli Xu, Wenfeng Ye
RATIONALE: About 60,0000 people are involved in traffic accident each year in China and spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs. Pregnant women with paraplegia is rare, and they face higher risk during pregnancy and childbirth. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 35-year-old patient with SCI, who had vaginal forceps delivery at 38 weeks and 5 days of gestation. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed with term pregnancy with traumatic tetraplegia...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643657/analysis-of-morphological-features-of-benign-and-malignant-breast-cell-extracted-from-fnac-microscopic-image-using-the-pearsonian-system-of-curves
#4
Nijara Rajbongshi, Kangkana Bora, Dilip C Nath, Anup K Das, Lipi B Mahanta
Context: Cytological changes in terms of shape and size of nuclei are some of the common morphometric features to study breast cancer, which can be observed by careful screening of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) images. Aims: This study attempts to categorize a collection of FNAC microscopic images into benign and malignant classes based on family of probability distribution using some morphometric features of cell nuclei. Materials and Methods: For this study, features namely area, perimeter, eccentricity, compactness, and circularity of cell nuclei were extracted from FNAC images of both benign and malignant samples using an image processing technique...
April 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625584/temporomandibular-joint-regeneration-proposal-of-a-novel-treatment-for-condylar-resorption-after-orthognathic-surgery-using-transplantation-of-autologous-nasal-septum-chondrocytes-and-the-first-human-case-report
#5
Ricardo de Souza Tesch, Esther Rieko Takamori, Karla Menezes, Rosana Bizon Vieira Carias, Cláudio Leonardo Milione Dutra, Marcelo de Freitas Aguiar, Tânia Salgado de Sousa Torraca, Alexandra Cristina Senegaglia, Cármen Lúcia Kuniyoshi Rebelatto, Debora Regina Daga, Paulo Roberto Slud Brofman, Radovan Borojevic
BACKGROUND: Upon orthognathic mandibular advancement surgery the adjacent soft tissues can displace the distal bone segment and increase the load on the temporomandibular joint causing loss of its integrity. Remodeling of the condyle and temporal fossa with destruction of condylar cartilage and subchondral bone leads to postsurgical condylar resorption, with arthralgia and functional limitations. Patients with severe lesions are refractory to conservative treatments, leading to more invasive therapies that range from simple arthrocentesis to open surgery and prosthesis...
April 7, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624952/an-audit-of-perineal-trauma-and-vertical-transmisson-of-hiv
#6
Amaka N Ocheke, Ephraim Samuels, Isaac E Ocheke, Patricia A Agaba, Clement Ekere, James Bitrus, Emmanuel I Agaba, Atiene S Sagay
Restrictive episiotomy is recommended for the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV. The study compared the frequency of episiotomy use and the occurrence of perineal tears; and related factors in HIV positive and HIV negative women and to assess their effect on Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV. A total of 110 HIV positive and 134 HIV negative parturients were enrolled in the study. The incidence of episiotomy was more in the HIV negative group (p=0.0000) while that of perineal tear was not affected by HIV status (p=0...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610620/evaluation-of-maximum-bite-force-in-patients-with-complete-dentures
#7
Kujtim Shala, Arlinda Tmava-Dragusha, Linda Dula, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Teuta Bicaj, Enis Ahmedi, Zana Lila
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate maximum bite forces (mBF) in dominant (DS) and non-dominant sides (NDS) at certain time periods after the insertion of new complete dentures based on prior experience and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 88 patients, complete denture wearers (CDWs), were examined. The maximum bite force at the intercuspal position between the first molars in 3 seconds was registered and recorded with piezoelectric gnathodynamometer...
March 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599184/rapid-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-by-combined-molecular-and-immunological-methods
#8
Claudia Jafari, Ioana D Olaru, Franziska Daduna, Martin Ernst, Jan Heyckendorf, Christoph Lange, Barbara Kalsdorf
Diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) may be delayed until culture results become available.We ascertained the accuracy of a stepwise diagnostic algorithm for the rapid diagnosis of pulmonary TB by GeneXpert from sputum and/or bronchoalveolar-lavage (BAL) followed by a M. tuberculosis- specific BAL-enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) assay in patients with a suspected diagnosis of pulmonary TB at a clinical referral center in Germany.Among 166 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of pulmonary TB, 81 cases were confirmed by M...
March 29, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594373/comparison-of-dimeglio-and-pirani-score-in-predicting-number-of-casts-and-need-for-tenotomy-in-clubfoot-correction-using-the-ponseti-method
#9
Manuele Lampasi, Caterina Novella Abati, Camilla Bettuzzi, Stefano Stilli, Giovanni Trisolino
PURPOSE: The Dimeglio and the Pirani scores are largely used to rate clubfoot at presentation and monitor correction. To date, the accuracy of these scores in predicting appropriate treatment is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of Dimeglio and Pirani scores in predicting the number of casts and the need for tenotomy in clubfoot correction using the Ponseti method. METHODS: Ninety-one consecutive feet (54 patients; mean age at presentation: 28 ± 15 days) undergoing clubfoot correction using the Ponseti method were prospectively followed from first casting to correction...
March 29, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582607/-determination-of-6-benzylaminopurine-in-edible-mushrooms-by-solid-liquid-extraction-with-low-temperature-partition-and-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#10
Kun Hou, Masaki Watanabe, Dali Wang, Jing Han, Yonglu Li, Hong Huo
A simple method based on solid liquid extraction with low-temperature partition (SLE-LTP) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) was developed for the determination of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) in edible mushrooms. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile followed by low-temperature partition at -30℃ for 4 h. The separation was performed on a Hitachi LaChrom C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) with 0.02 mol/L ammonium acetate (containing 0.1% (v/v) glacial acetic acid)-methanol (6:4, v/v) as the mobile phases with isocratic elution...
January 8, 2018: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576640/short-term-outcome-of-varus-derotation-osteotomy-in-late-presenting-perthes-disease
#11
Narendra Joshi, Soumya Shrikanta Mohapatra, Mahaveer Prasad Goyal, Shiv Kumar Goyal, Rakesh Kumar, Mukesh Saini
Background: Untreated Perthes disease can lead to osteoarthritis by the fourth decade. The treatment is conservative for children <6 years, operative within the age group of 6-9 years. Late onset Perthes, older than 9 years or more, are notorious with the aggressive course with poor outcome. However, literature do not come to a consensus between conservative and operative management. This study evaluates the clinical and radiological outcome of varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO) in Perthes disease presenting late with age 8 years or more...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563972/quality-of-life-after-antegrade-intramedullary-nail-fixation-of-humeral-fractures-a-survey-in-a-selected-cohort-of-brazilian-patients
#12
Luiz Fernando Cocco, Benno Ejnisman, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Moises Cohen, Fernando Baldy Dos Reis
Background: The treatment of humeral fractures remains controversial. Systematic reviews demonstrate similar results between dynamic compression plating and locked intramedullary nailing in the surgical treatment of these fractures. However, it appears that antegrade intramedullary nailing causes higher residual pain in the shoulder. The proposal of this work is to evaluate through the WORC protocol (Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index) the consequences in the quality of life of patients submitted to osteosynthesis of the humerus with antegrade locked intramedullary nailing...
2018: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557600/screen-use-among-young-children-in-a-city-of-argentina
#13
Ingrid Waisman, Elisa Hidalgo, María L Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The use of mobile devices has become ubiquitous in the family, across all social strata, and from an early age. OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of mobile and fixed screens among young children, the time spent doing traditional childhood activities, and the relationship to the maternal level of education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional design. POPULATION: Children aged 6 months to 5 years seen in Río Cuarto, Córdoba, between July and September 2016...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554696/clozapine-induced-dress-syndrome-a-case-series-from-the-amsp-multicenter-drug-safety-surveillance-project
#14
B Sanader, R Grohmann, P Grötsch, T Schumann, S Toto, P Fernando, S Stübner
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an infrequent, but severe, adverse drug-induced reaction which occurs due to massive T-cell stimulation resulting in cytotoxicity and eosinophil activation and recruitment. The incidence is 0.4 cases per 100, 0000 in the general population; the mortality rate is up to 10%. Therefore, we believe that recognizing this syndrome is of particular importance. The problem we notice is that DRESS is often seen and described in patients receiving rheumatologic or anticonvulsant drugs, but very rarely in psychiatric hospitals, where Clozapine is frequently used, and that is the importance of this paper...
March 19, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548611/circadian-calcium-feeding-regime-in-laying-hens-related-to-zinc-concentration-gene-expression-of-circadian-clock-calcium-transporters-and-oxidative-status
#15
Xue Lin, Yilin Liu, Tiantian Meng, Chunyan Xie, Xin Wu, Yulong Yin
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of different circadian calcium feeding regimes on parameters of Zn status and gene expression of circadian clock, calcium transporters and oxidative status in laying hens. In total, 180 of 41-weeks Brown Hy-line laying hens were assigned randomly into three groups, 1-CON group (Control Ca, diets contained 3.4% Ca at both 0730 and 1530 h), 2-HL group (High-low Ca, diets contained 3.6%-3.2% Ca respectively) and 3-LH group (Low-high Ca, diets contained 3.2%-3...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526212/inactivation-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-salmonella-during-washing-of-contaminated-gloves-in-levulinic-acid-and-sodium-dodecyl-sulfate-solutions
#16
Marilyn C Erickson, Jye-Yin Liao, Mussie Y Habteselassie, Jennifer L Cannon
Field workers often wear gloves harvesting ready-to-eat produce; however, fields are not sterile environments and gloves may become contaminated numerous times during a working shift. This study explored the potential for inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella when contaminated gloves were washed in levulinic acid (LV) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solutions. Washing nitrile gloves with increasing concentrations of LV above 1.0% led to a decreased prevalence of glove contamination by Salmonella (P = 0...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524853/a-novel-technique-for-determination-of-the-fructose-glucose-and-sucrose-distribution-in-nectar-from-orchids-by-hplc-elsd
#17
Dan Nybro Lindqvist, Henrik Ærenlund Pedersen, Lars Holm Rasmussen
The dominant components in floral nectar is fructose, glucose and sucrose. The concentration and the ratio between the sugars are indicative for plant species and play an important part in the interplay between plants and pollinators. In this paper we present a novel HPLC-ELSD based analytical method for sugar characterization of nectar from orchids. Nectar was collected on Whatman No. 1 paper and preserved in the field by 70 v/v% ethanol. The analytical method had a linear range up to at least 3000 mg L-1 for all 3 sugars with a precision of 1...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520295/genetic-variation-of-the-endangered-neotropical-catfish-steindachneridion-scriptum-siluriformes-pimelodidae
#18
Rômulo V Paixão, Josiane Ribolli, Evoy Zaniboni-Filho
Steindachneridion scriptum is an important species as a resource for fisheries and aquaculture; it is currently threatened and has a reduced occurrence in South America. The damming of rivers, overfishing, and contamination of freshwater environments are the main impacts on the maintenance of this species. We accessed the genetic diversity and structure of S. scriptum using the DNA barcode and control region (D-loop) sequences of 43 individuals from the Upper Uruguay River Basin (UUR) and 10 sequences from the Upper Paraná River Basin (UPR), which were obtained from GenBank...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513970/socio-economic-constrains-faced-by-tb-patients-that-lead-to-non-compliance-a-cross-sectional-study-in-southern-punjab-pakistan
#19
Aubid Allah Khan, Naveed Akhtar, Asadullah Madni, Nayab Tahir, Mubashar Rehman, Ahmed Raza, Aurangzeb Qadir
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is communicable from one person to another. Pakistan stands forefront among few unfortunate countries that still have heavy burden of TB infection. Being a developing country, TB patients in Pakistan have to face different socio-economic constraints that upset life of the patients as well as their families. A cross sectional survey was conducted in three selected districts, Lodharan, Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar during February 2011 to June 2011. From three hundred selected patients 210 Were enrolled in study after receiving written consents...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513802/radiological-study-of-megacolon-in-trypanosoma-cruzi-infected-rats
#20
Carlos Edmundo Rodrigues Fontes, Ana Paula de Abreu, Aretuza Zaupa Gasparim
BACKGROUND: Researches on Chagas disease still use several animals and rats, due to size and susceptibility were preferred by many authors. AIM: To develop an experimental model of megacolon in rats inoculated with the strain Y of Trypanosoma cruzi. METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats were distributed in three groups inoculated with different inoculants: Group A: 600000, Group B: 1000000 and Group C: 1500000 blood trypomastigotes of T. cruzi...
March 1, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
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