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Adeline Janus, Christophe Waterlot, Sophie Heymans, Christophe Deboffe, Francis Douay, Aurélie Pelfrêne
Different remediation techniques have been used to restore metal-contaminated sites, including stabilizing metals by adding amendments to the soils. This study experimented three biochars, made from wood and miscanthus, cultivated on contaminated and uncontaminated soils, used as amendments at a 2% application rate on a metal-contaminated soil for 9 months in laboratory-controlled conditions. The objective was to evaluate whether biochars were able to decrease the availability and human oral bioaccessibility of metals in an alkaline soil...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Luchao Chen, Zhongxia Lu, Yongle Yang, Lijun Du, Xiaofang Zhou, Yitao Chen
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers globally with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Purified Omphalia lapidescens protein (pPe O p) is a protein extracted from the sclerotium of Omphalia lapidescens . The present study aimed to investigate the effects of pPe O p on the viability, migration, cell cycle progression and apoptosis of SGC-7901 cells. The expression of numerous proteins, namely matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)2, MMP9, p53, caspase-3, B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2, cyclin A2, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, cyclin dependent kinase (CDK)1, CDK2 and CDK4, were investigated using western blot analysis and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Laura Lopez-Sanz, Susana Bernal, Carlota Recio, Iolanda Lazaro, Ainhoa Oguiza, Ana Melgar, Luna Jimenez-Castilla, Jesus Egido, Carmen Gomez-Guerrero
Oxidative stress resulting from excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or impaired antioxidant defenses is closely related to the development of diabetic vascular complications, including nephropathy and atherosclerosis. Chronic activation of Janus kinase/Signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway contributes to diabetic complications by inducing expression of genes involved in cell proliferation, fibrosis, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family of endogenous JAK/STAT regulators is an attractive target for therapeutic intervention...
March 14, 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
István Z Bátai, Ádám Horváth, Erika Pintér, Zsuzsanna Helyes, Gábor Pozsgai
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) non-selective ligand-gated cation channels are mostly expressed in primary sensory neurons. Polysulfides (POLYs) are Janus-faced substances interacting with numerous target proteins and associated with both protective and detrimental processes. Activation of TRPA1 in sensory neurons, consequent somatostatin (SOM) liberation and action on sst4 receptors have recently emerged as mediators of the antinociceptive effect of organic trisulfide dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS)...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
M Palova, T Szotkowski, A Hlusi, K Indrak, J Navratilova, M Divoka, T Papajik
Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) is a chronic clonal myeloid disorder. Together with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV), it belongs to a group of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms. An integral part of laboratory tests carried out in this disease group is detecting the presence of mutations in the Janus kinase 2 gene at position 617 (JAK2 V617F) and in the gene encoding for the receptor for thrombopoietin (myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene, MPL) found in approximately 60% of PMF patients...
2018: Neoplasma
Khaoula Lebdioua, Anne Aimable, Manuella Cerbelaud, Arnaud Videcoq, Claire Peyratout
HYPOTHESIS: Pickering emulsions were prepared using wax and silica submicronic particles (650 nm), as a first step towards the synthesis of Janus particles. Surfactants added to silica particles control the emulsion stability and particles arrangement, i.e. their penetration depth into the wax and their ability to form a monolayer. Thus, a systematic study of surfactants is proposed. EXPERIMENTS: Zeta potential measurements and sedimentation tests are conducted to evaluate interactions of two cationic (CTAB: hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and DDAB: didodecyldimethylammonium bromide) and two polymeric surfactants with silica surface...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Terence A Imbery, Dan Tran, Mary A Baechle, Jennifer L Hankle, Charles Janus
PURPOSE: To determine if Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue Test, Perceptual Ability Test, gender, age, ethnicity, and time predict dental shade matching and value discernment in first-year dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Farnsworth-Munsell 100 Hue Test was administered to 95 first-year-dental students beneath a Judge II booth (color temperature of 6500°K, and color rendering index of 90). Students also arranged 16 masked shade tabs from a Vita Classic shade guide by value (lightest to darkest) and matched together 16 pairs of masked shade tabs from two Vita Classic shade guides...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Ji-Won Park, Han-Sol Lee, Yourim Lim, Jin-Hyub Paik, Ok-Kyoung Kwon, Jung-Hee Kim, Imam Paryanto, Prasetyawan Yunianto, Sangho Choi, Sei-Ryang Oh, Kyung-Seop Ahn
Rhododendron album Blume (RA) has traditionally been used as an herbal medicine and is considered to have anti‑inflammatory properties. It is a well‑known medicine for treatment of allergic or atopic diseases. In the present study, the biological effects of an RA methanol extract (RAME) on inflammation were investigated in tumor necrosis factor‑α (TNF‑α)/interferon‑γ (IFN‑γ)‑stimulated human keratinocytes. The present study aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms by which RAME inhibited TNF‑α/IFN‑γ‑induced expression of chemokines [thymus‑ and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) and macrophage‑derived chemokine (MDC)] and cytokines [interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑8] through the nuclear factor‑κB (NF‑κB) pathway in human keratinocytes...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Barbara J McClure, Susan L Heatley, Chung H Kok, Teresa Sadras, Jiyuan An, Timothy P Hughes, Richard B Lock, David Yeung, Rosemary Sutton, Deborah L White
BACKGROUND: Zinc-finger protein 384 (ZNF384) fusions are an emerging subtype of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (pre-B-ALL) and here we further characterised their prevalence, survival outcomes and transcriptome. METHODS: Bone marrow mononuclear cells from 274 BCR-ABL1-negative pre-B-ALL patients were immunophenotyped and transcriptome molecularly characterised. Transcriptomic data was analysed by principal component analysis and gene-set enrichment analysis to identify gene and pathway expression changes...
March 13, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Hsien-Tzung Liao, Tzu-Hao Li, Chun-Hsiung Chen, Hung-An Chen, Wei-Sheng Chen, Chien-Chih Lai, Chung-Tei Chou, Chang-Youh Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To investigate the Janus kinase-1 and 3 (JAK-1 and 3) expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: The levels of JAK-1 and JAK-3 mRNA in PBMCs, CD3+ T cells and CD14+ monocytes were measured by RT-PCR in 52 AS patients and 31 healthy controls (HCs). The demographic features, BASDAI, BASFI, HLA-B27, ESR, CRP and serum immunoglobulin A (IgA) level were recorded and correlated with the JAK-1 & JAK-3 transcripts in patients and HCs as appropriate...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Noel Lugan, Dmitry A Valyaev, Alina A Grineva, Vincent César, Oleg A Filippov, Victor N Khrustalev, Sergei N Nefedov
The oxidative coupling of anionic imidazol-4-ylidenes protected at the C2 position with [MnCp(CO)2] or BH3 leads to the corresponding 4,4'-bis(2H-imidazol-2-ylidenes) complexes or adducts, in which the two carbenic moieties are connected through a single C-C bond. Subsequent acidic treatment of the later species leads to the corresponding 4,4'-bis(imidazolium) salts in good yields, the overall procedure offering a practical access to a novel class of Janus-type bis(NHC)s. Strikingly, the coplanarity of the two NHC rings within the mesityl derivative 4,4'-bis(IMes), favored by steric hindrance along with stabilizing intramolecular C-H...
March 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Qian Qian, Yuetao Lv, Peng Li
Suppressors of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is a member of SOCS family and acts as negative regulators of cytokine signaling by direct inhibition of receptor-associated janus kinases. The clinical significance and biological function of SOCS1 in variant tumor tissues and at variant tumor stages is still controversial. The aim of our study is to confirm the expression status of SOCS1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) tissues and cell lines, and explore the clinical value and biological function of SOCS1 in TNBC...
March 12, 2018: IUBMB Life
Xiaoxu Chen, Xiaoke Nie, Jiamin Mao, Yan Zhang, Kaizhi Yin, Shengyang Jiang
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS)-containing compounds are widely used in all aspects of industrial and consumer products. Recent studies indicated that PFOS is ubiquitous in environments and is considered to be a new type of persistent organic pollutant (POP). This has raised concerns regarding its adverse effects on human health. The nervous system is regarded as a sensitive target of environmental contaminants, including PFOS. Previous findings showed that PFOS can induce neurobehavioral deficits. However, the molecular mechanism underlying PFOS neurotoxicity remains obscure...
March 8, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Baojin Ma, Jing Han, Shan Zhang, Feng Liu, Shicai Wang, Jiazhi Duan, Yuanhua Sang, Huaidong Jiang, Dong Li, Shaohua Ge, Jinghua Yu, Hong Liu
Controllable osteoinduction maintained in the original defect area is the key to precise bone repair. To meet the requirement of precise bone regeneration, a hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanobelt/polylactic acid (PLA) (HAp/PLA) Janus membrane has been successfully prepared in this study by coating PLA on a paper-like HAp nanobelt film by a casting-pervaporation method. The Janus membrane possesses dual functions: excellent osteoinduction from the hydrophilic HAp nanobelt side and barrier function originating from the hydrophobic PLA film...
March 7, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
John Mascarenhas, Ronald Hoffman, Moshe Talpaz, Aaron T Gerds, Brady Stein, Vikas Gupta, Anita Szoke, Mark Drummond, Alexander Pristupa, Tanya Granston, Robert Daly, Suliman Al-Fayoumi, Jennifer A Callahan, Jack W Singer, Jason Gotlib, Catriona Jamieson, Claire Harrison, Ruben Mesa, Srdan Verstovsek
Importance: Myelofibrosis is a hematologic malignancy characterized by splenomegaly and debilitating symptoms. Thrombocytopenia is a poor prognostic feature and limits use of Janus kinase 1 (JAK1)/Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) inhibitor ruxolitinib. Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of JAK2 inhibitor pacritinib with that of best available therapy (BAT), including ruxolitinib, in patients with myelofibrosis and thrombocytopenia. Design, Setting, and Participants: For this phase 3 randomized international multicenter study-the PERSIST-2 study-of pacritinib vs BAT, 311 patients with myelofibrosis and platelet count 100 × 109/L or less were recruited for analysis...
March 8, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Yu Shuang Tian, Di Zhong, Qing Qing Liu, Xiu Li Zhao, Hong Xue Sun, Jing Jin, Hai Ning Wang, Guo Zhong Li
OBJECTIVE Ischemic stroke remains a significant cause of death and disability in industrialized nations. Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway play important roles in the downstream signal pathway regulation of ischemic stroke-related inflammatory neuronal damage. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as major regulators in cerebral ischemic injury; therefore, the authors aimed to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism between miRNAs and ischemic stroke, which may provide potential therapeutic targets for ischemic stroke...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ekarat Rattarittamrong, Adisak Tantiworawit, Noppamas Kumpunya, Ornkamon Wongtagan, Ratchanoo Tongphung, Arunee Phusua, Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sasinee Hantrakool, Thanawat Rattanathammethee, Lalita Norasetthada, Pimlak Charoenkwan, Suree Lekawanvijit
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of calreticulin (CALR) mutation in patients with non-JAK2V617F mutated essential thrombocythemia (ET). The secondary objectives were to evaluate the accuracy of CALR mutation analysis by high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) compared with DNA sequencing and to compare clinical characteristics of CALR mutated and JAK2V617F mutated ET. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving ET patients registered at Chiang Mai University in the period September 2015-September 2017 who were aged more than 2 years, and did not harbor JAK2V617F mutation...
March 9, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Felipe Fantuzzi, Caroline B Coutinho, Ricardo R Oliveira, Marco Antonio Chaer Nascimento
Different families of nanomaterials produced from the stabilization of diboryne (B≡B) units by multitopic N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs), such as nanowires, nanorings, and nanotents, were studied by computational methods. Density functional theory calculations with and without periodic boundary conditions were applied to estimate the dependence of the electronic and thermochemical properties of different diboryne macromolecules with respect to the nature of the bridging ligand. Our results show that all diboryne nanostructures studied herein are viable candidates for synthesis...
March 9, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Z X Yu, L Q Zhong, H M Song, C Y Wang, W Wang, J Li, M S Ma
Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics and treatment efficacy of the first reported case of a Chinese boy with stimulator of interferon genes (STING) associated vasculopathy with onset in infancy (SAVI). Methods: Sanger sequencing of the gene TMEM173 was performed based on systemic evaluation and clinical analysis of a highly suspected SAVI child admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital. A literature search (search terms included 'STING''SAVI''autoinflammatory diseases' and 'interferonopathy') was conducted using Chinese literature database, EMBASE and PubMed to include recently published SAVI studies (searched from January 2010 to December 2017)...
March 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Kent J Weinhold, Jack F Bukowski, Todd V Brennan, Robert J Noveck, Janet S Staats, Liwen Lin, Linda Stempora, Constance Hammond, Ann Wouters, Christopher F Mojcik, John Cheng, Mark Collinge, Michael I Jesson, Anasuya Hazra, Pinaki Biswas, Shuping Lan, James D Clark, Jennifer A Hodge
This study evaluated the short-term effects of tofacitinib treatment on peripheral blood leukocyte phenotype and function, and the reversibility of any such effects following treatment withdrawal in healthy volunteers. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive subjects received oral tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily for 4 weeks and were followed for 4 weeks after drug withdrawal. There were slight increases in total lymphocyte and total T-cell counts during tofacitinib treatment, and B-cell counts increased by up to 26%...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
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