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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532095/antitumor-activity-and-safety-evaluation-of-nanaparticle-based-delivery-of-quercetin-through-intravenous-administration-in-mice
#1
Jian Li, Ming Shi, Baoling Ma, Ruixu Niu, Haizhao Zhang, Li Kun
The present study focused on the inhibition effects and the safety evaluation of the quercetin when it was loaded into the nanoliposomes on cervical cancer in vitro and in vivo. Quercetin loaded nanoliposomes (Que-NLs) were first prepared by thin film hydration method and the characterizations of Que-NLs were measured with TEM and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. Then the anti-cervical cancer efficiencies were evaluated by MTT and U14 tumor-bearing mice models in vitro and in vivo respectively. The body changes, organ index, biochemical criterions and histopathological of livers and kidneys in tumor-bearing mice were further assayed to evaluate the safety of Que-NLs...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530822/synthesis-and-membrane-properties-of-sulfonated-poly-arylene-ether-sulfone-statistical-copolymers-for-electrolysis-of-water-influence-of-meta-and-para-substituted-comonomers
#2
Amin Daryaei, Gregory C Miller, Jason Willey, Shreya Roy-Choudhury, Britannia Vondrasek, Dana Kazerooni, Matthew Russell Burtner, Cortney Kenneth Mittelsteadt, John J Lesko, Judy S Riffle, James E McGrath
Two series of high molecular weight disulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) random copolymers were synthesized as proton exchange membranes for high temperature water electrolyzers. These copolymers differ based on the position of the ether bonds on the aromatic rings. One series is comprised of fully para-substituted hydroquinone comonomer and the other series incorporated 25 mole % of a meta-substituted comonomer, resorcinol, and 75 mole % hydroquinone. The influence of the substitution position on water uptake and electrochemical properties of the membranes were investigated and compared to that of the state-of-the-art membrane, Nafion™...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530818/metal-foam-based-ultrafast-electronucleation-of-hydrates-at-low-voltages
#3
Arjang Shahriari, Palash Vadiraj Acharya, Katherine Carpenter, Vaibhav Bahadur
The induction time for the nucleation of hydrates can be significantly reduced by electronucleation, which consists of applying an electrical potential across the hydrate precursor solution. This study reveals that open-cell aluminum foam electrodes can reduce the electronucleation induction time by 150X, when compared to non-foam electrodes. Experiments with tetrahydrofuran hydrates show that aluminum foam electrodes trigger near-instantaneous nucleation (in only 10's of seconds) at low voltages. Furthermore, this study suggests that two distinct interfacial mechanisms influence electronucleation, namely electrolytic bubble generation, and the formation of metal ion complex-based coordination compounds...
May 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530816/quantitative-temperature-dependence-of-the-microscopic-hydration-structures-investigated-by-ultraviolet-photodissociation-spectroscopy-of-hydrated-phenol-cations
#4
Haruki Ishikawa, Itaru Kurusu, Reona Yagi, Ryota Kato, Yasutoshi Kasahara
To discuss the temperature effect on microscopic hydration structures in clusters, relative populations of the isomers having different hydration structures at well-defined temperatures are quite important. In the present study, we measured ultraviolet photodissociation spectra of the temperature-controlled hydrated phenol cation, [PhOH(H2O)5](+), trapped in the 22-pole ion trap. Two isomers having a distinct hydration motif with each other are identified in the spectra and a clear change in the relative populations is observed in temperature range from 30 K to 150 K...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530729/what-are-the-key-factors-governing-the-nucleation-of-co2-hydrate
#5
Zhongjin He, Praveen Linga, Jianwen Jiang
Microsecond molecular dynamics simulations were performed to provide molecular insights into the nucleation of CO2 hydrate. The adsorption of sufficient CO2 molecules around CO2 hydration shells is revealed to be crucial to effectively stabilize the hydrogen bonds formed therein, catalyzing the hydration shells into hydrate cages and inducing the nucleation. Moreover, a high aqueous CO2 concentration is found to be another key factor governing the nucleation of CO2 hydrate, and only above a critical concentration can the nucleation of CO2 hydrate occur...
May 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530720/collective-dehydration-of-ions-in-nano-pores
#6
M P Heuberger, Z Zachariah, N D Spencer, R M Espinosa-Marzal
Hydrated ions can enter nanometre pores that are smaller than the hydrated ion diameter - the associated dehydration mechanism is still poorly understood. Using an adjustable model slit pore between negatively charged mica surfaces, we have followed the dehydration of highly confined Na(+) counter-ions as a function of salt concentration. We applied external load to the slit pore and resolved the induced sub-nanometre film-thickness transitions, in order to gain information about any structural elements present...
May 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530569/binding-selectivity-of-dietary-polyphenols-to-different-plant-cell-wall-components-quantification-and-mechanism
#7
Anh Dao T Phan, Bernadine M Flanagan, Bruce R D'Arcy, Michael J Gidley
Selected polyphenols exhibited binding selectivity to different cellulose-based composites and apple cell walls. For catechin, cellulose is the dominant binding component, whereas hemicelluloses (xyloglucan and arabinoxylan) apparently did not contribute to polyphenol adsorption in the presence of cellulose. In contrast, ferulic acid and cyanidin-3-glucoside bound to cellulose-based composites and apple cell walls with different affinities, showing that both electrostatic interactions and plant cell wall microstructure were important...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530400/probing-the-conformation-dependent-preferential-binding-of-ethanol-to-cationic-glycylalanylglycine-in-water-ethanol-by-vibrational-and-nmr-spectroscopy
#8
David DiGuiseppi, Bridget J Milorey, Gabrielle Lewis, Nina Kubatova, Stefanie Farrell, Harald Schwalbe, Reinhard Schweitzer-Stenner
The conformational propensity of amino acid residues is determined by an intricate balance of peptide-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions. In order to explore how the systematic replacement of water by a cosolvent affects the solvation of both amino acid backbone and side chains we, performed a combined vibrational spectroscopy and NMR study of cationic glycylalanylglycine (GAG) in different ethanol/water mixtures between 0 and 42 mole percent of ethanol. The classical model peptide N'-methylacetamide was used as a reference system to probe solvent-induced spectroscopic changes...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530202/effect-of-age-and-blood-pressure-on-determination-of-normal-fluid-status-in-a-general-population-using-whole-body-and-calf-bioimpedance-techniques
#9
Fansan Zhu, Samer R Abbas, Peter Kotanko, Nathan W Levin
Normal fluid status (dry weight) can be identified by hydration markers established in the healthy population. The general population average could be influenced by age with its accompanying physiological changes and/or illness. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the effect of age and systolic blood pressure (SBP) on these markers; (2) to compare mean values of hydration markers as assessed by different bioimpedance techniques. Subjects from the general population (n  =  212, males 105, 57...
June 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529791/crystal-structure-of-1-4-8-11-tetra-azonia-cyclo-tetra-decane-bis-dichromate-monohydrate-from-synchrotron-data
#10
Dohyun Moon, Jong-Ha Choi
The asymmetric unit of the hydrated title salt, (C10H28N4)[Cr2O7]2·H2O [C10H28N4 = H4(cyclam) = 1,4,8,11-tetra-azonia-cyclo-tetra-deca-ne], contains two half-cations (both completed by crystallographic inversion symmetry), two dichromate anions and one water mol-ecule. The two [CrO7](2-) anions exhibit a nearly staggered conformation, with bridging angles of 133.37 (11) and 136.28 (12)°. The distortions of the dichromate anions are due to their participation in hydrogen-bonding inter-actions with the water mol-ecule and the cations...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529783/crystal-structure-of-s-sec-butyl-ammonium-l-tartrate-monohydrate
#11
Ernlie A Publicover, Jennifer Kolwich, Darcie L Stack, Alyssa J Doué, Kai E O Ylijoki
The title hydrated mol-ecular salt, C4H12N(+)·C4H5O6(-)·H2O, was prepared by deprotonation of enanti-opure l-tartaric acid with racemic sec-butyl-amine in water. Only one enanti-omer was observed crystallographically, resulting from the combination of (S)-sec-butyl-amine with l-tartaric acid. The sec-butyl-ammonium moiety is disordered over two conformations related by rotation around the CH-CH2 bond; the refined occupancy ratio is 0.68 (1):0.32 (1). In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked through a network of O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, between the ammonium H atoms, the tartrate hy-droxy H atoms, and the inter-stitial water, forming a three-dimensional supra-molecular structure...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529763/characterisation-of-a-novel-poly-ether-ether-ketone-calcium-sulphate-composite-for-bone-augmentation
#12
Erik A B Hughes, Liam M Grover
BACKGROUND: Calcium sulphate (CS) has been used in bone grafting since the 1800s. It has not replaced autograft as the gold standard, however, since its dissolution occurs rapidly in bodily fluids, meaning that the material cannot support long-term bone growth. Here, the polymer poly (ether ether ketone) (PEEK) was used to slow dissolution in in vitro physiological environments and augment the mechanical properties of the material. METHODS: PEEK/CS specimens were fabricated by combining powders of PEEK and CS with water, resulting in a hardening paste...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529197/applications-of-nmr-to-membrane-proteins
#13
Stanley J Opella, Francesca M Marassi
Membrane proteins present a challenge for structural biology. In this article, we review some of the recent developments that advance the application of NMR to membrane proteins, with emphasis on structural studies in detergent-free, lipid bilayer samples that resemble the native environment. NMR spectroscopy is not only ideally suited for structure determination of membrane proteins in hydrated lipid bilayer membranes, but also highly complementary to the other principal techniques based on X-ray and electron diffraction...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528465/contrast-induced-nephropathy-cin-of-patients-with-renal-dysfunction-in-ct-examination
#14
Yasuhiro Fukushima, Hitomi Miyazawa, Junpei Nakamura, Ayako Taketomi-Takahashi, Takayuki Suto, Yoshito Tsushima
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) after contrast enhanced (CE) computed tomography (CT) in patients with renal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred sixteen inpatients with estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) underwent CE CT using iodine doses of 420 or 480 mg I/kg. Data of all enrolled patients was collected for baseline serum creatinine level (SCr), post-CE CT SCr within 3 days after CE CT, and conditions considered risk factors for CIN [renal dysfunction, contrast media dose, advanced age, diabetes mellitus, no intravenous hydration, cardiac dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction <60%) and intensive-care unit (ICU) admission]...
May 20, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528195/repulsive-surfaces-and-lamellar-lubrication-of-synovial-joints
#15
Zenon Pawlak, Kehinde Q Yusuf, Raghuvir Pai, Wieslaw Urbaniak
Surface-active phospholipid (SAPL) secreted in the synovial joint plays an important role in cartilage integrity. In healthy joints, phospholipid multibilayers coat the cartilage surface, providing boundary lamellar-repulsive hydration lubrication. Current mechanism for lubrication of synovial joints, as well as the physical and chemical nature of the cartilage surface is discussed. Friction between phospholipid (PL) bilayers attached to cartilage surfaces is considered including a discussion on the recent observation of an extreme friction reduction as a consequence of a less charged hydrophilic cartilage surface...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528129/prophylactic-hydration-to-prevent-contrast-induced-nephropathy-much-ado-about-nothing
#16
Christina M Wyatt, Marianne Camargo, Steven G Coca
Clinical guidelines recommend prophylactic hydration to reduce the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy in high-risk patients, including those with chronic kidney disease. A recent single-center randomized trial showed no significant difference in the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy in ambulatory patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease who were randomized to no prophylactic hydration versus normal saline hydration. While these results may identify patients who are less likely to benefit from prophylactic hydration, nephrologists and interventionalists should carefully consider the generalizability of these results to individual patients...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527993/feasible-protein-aggregation-of-phosphorylated-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-derivative-from-bacillus-subtilis-natto
#17
Osamu Kurita, Toru Sago, Kaori Umetani, Yasushi Kokean, Chizuru Yamaoka, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Iwamoto
Poly-γ-glutamic acid (PGA) was modified with phosphorylating agents such as sodium metaphosphate and potassium metaphosphate in the culture medium of Bacillus subtilis (natto). The highly phosphorylated PGA derivatives were prepared and investigated for their chemical and physicochemical properties. The PGA derivatives had approximately 7% (W/W) inorganic phosphorus and characteristic absorbance PO2(-) bands at 1082cm(-1) and 1260cm(-1) by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. The derivative modified by sodium metaphosphate (J-5) was easily hydrated in water and had extremely low viscosity...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527981/an-identification-of-the-soft-polyelectrolyte-gel-like-layer-on-silica-colloids-using-atomic-force-and-electron-microscopy
#18
Jiří Škvarla, Juraj Škvarla
A procedure is introduced for measuring the radius of spherical colloid particles from the curvature of upper parts of their central cross-sectional profiles obtained by atomic force microscopy (AFM). To minimize the possible compression and displacement of the spheres, AFM is operated in a mode rendering a constant ultralow pN force on the tip. The procedure allows us to evaluate the mean radius of nearly monodisperse submicrometer spheres of silica in their natively hydrated state in aqueous electrolyte solutions, irrespective of whether they are coagulated or not...
May 16, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527468/insight-into-electric-field-induced-rupture-mechanism-of-water-in-toluene-emulsion-films-from-a-model-system
#19
Desislava Dimova, Stoyan Pisov, Nikolay Panchev, Miroslava Nedyalkova, Sergio Madurga, Ana Proykova
This paper presents a model, which we have designed to get insight into the development of electro-induced instability of a thin toluene emulsion film in contact with the saline aqueous phase. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations demonstrate the role of charge accumulation in the toluene-film rupture induced by a DC electric field. Two ensembles-NVT and NPT-are used to determine the critical value of the external field at which the film ruptures, the charge distribution and capacitance of the thin film, number densities, and the film structure...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527296/performances-and-working-mechanism-of-a-novel-polycarboxylate-superplasticizer-synthesized-through-changing-molecular-topological-structure
#20
Xiao Liu, Jianan Guan, Guanghong Lai, Ziming Wang, Jie Zhu, Suping Cui, Mingzhang Lan, Huiqun Li
A novel star-shaped polycarboxylate superplasticizer (SPCE) was synthesized through a simple two-step method. (1)H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ((1)H NMR) and Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) measurements were used for structural characterization. SPCE and comb-shaped polycarboxylate superplasticizer (CPCE) with same molecular weights were designed and synthesized. The cement paste containing SPCE exhibited better fluidity, fluidity retention, water reduction, 25% lower saturated dosage of PCE, 10% longer setting time, lower hydration heat, more delayed hydration heat evolution and lower amount of hydration products at early ages...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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