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Newcastle disease virus

Ekaterina G Viktorova, Sunil K Khattar, Diana Kouiavskaia, Majid Laassri, Tatiana Zagorodnyaya, Eugenia Dragunsky, Siba Samal, Konstantin Chumakov, George A Belov
Poliovirus eradication initiative spawned global immunization infrastructure and dramatically decreased the disease, yet the original virus eradication goal has not been met. The suboptimal properties of the existing vaccines are among the major reasons why the program repeatedly missed eradication deadlines. Oral live poliovirus vaccine (OPV), while affordable and effective, occasionally causes the disease in the primary recipients, and the attenuated viruses rapidly regain virulence and can cause poliomyelitis outbreaks...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Virology
Rania F El Naggar, Mohammed A Rohaim, AbdelHamid H Bazid, Kawkab A Ahmed, Hussein A Hussein, Muhammad Munir
Newcastle disease virus (NDV), the type member of the species Avian avulavirus 1 (formerly known as avian paramyxovirus serotype 1), causes a highly contagious and economically important disease in a myriad of avian species around the globe. While extensive vaccination programs have been implemented in ND-endemic countries, the disease is continuously spreading in commercial, backyard, and wild captive poultry. In order to investigate the evolution of the virus and assess the efficiency of the vaccine regimens that are currently being applied in commercial poultry, four wild-bird-origin NDV strains were characterized biologically, based on mean death time and intracerebral pathogenicity index, and genetically, based on the cleavage motif (112 RRQKRF117 ) in the fusion (F) protein...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Virology
Lucia S Triosanti, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, Rini Widayanti
Background and Aim: Newcastle disease (ND) caused by avian paramyxovirus serotype-1 (APMV-1) is long known as an acute contagious and infectious disease of various bird species. Prior studies have acknowledged that the virus could cause up to 100% morbidity and mortality as well as reducing eggs production. In theory, hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) in ND virus (NDV) is one of the surface glycoproteins that functions during the attachment, assembly, and maturation of the virus. On the fields, Indonesia has been recognized as an endemic country for ND where continuous outbreaks of ND in commercial chicken farms have been reported despite the implementation of periodical vaccination programs...
May 2018: Veterinary World
Asok Kumar Mariappan, Palanivelu Munusamy, Deepak Kumar, Shyma K Latheef, Shambu Dayal Singh, Rajendra Singh, Kuldeep Dhama
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) belongs to genus Avulavirus and family Paramyxoviridae. There are thirteen serotypes named APMV-I (Avian Paramyxovirus-I) to APMV-13 of which NDV has been designated as APMV-1. The disease has been reported worldwide affecting both domestic and wild avian species. Morbidity and mortality rates up to 100% have been reported in cases of unvaccinated flocks. Stringent vaccination schedule is practiced in endemic/disease prone areas in order to prevent the disease. Despite this, NDV outbreaks have been reported even in cases of vaccinated populations...
June 2018: Virusdisease
P A van Rijn, J Boonstra, H G P van Gennip
Since February 1st 2011, rinderpest (RP) has been officially declared eradicated worldwide. National authorities have been requested to destroy all their RP related materials. Nonetheless, their national reference laboratories performing real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR diagnostics) need RP positive control samples, since some countries still prefer to maintain diagnostic capability for RP for several reasons. In the future, a similar situation will arise for peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as the ambition has been expressed to eradicate PPR...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
Ehud Shahar, Ruth Haddas, Dana Goldenberg, Avishai Lublin, Itai Bloch, Noa Bachner Hinenzon, Jacob Pitcovski
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a major cause of infectious mortality and morbidity in poultry worldwide. It is an enveloped virus with two outer-membrane proteins-hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and fusion protein (F)-that induce neutralizing antibodies. All NDV strains belong to one serotype. Yet, NDV vaccines, derived from genotype II, do not fully prevent infection or shedding of viruses from other genotypes. The aim of this study was to test if an updated vaccine is required. For this purpose, NDVs isolated from infected, albeit heavily vaccinated flocks, were genetically and immunologically characterized...
June 13, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Vinoth K Manoharan, Sunil K Khattar, Celia C LaBranche, David C Montefiori, Siba K Samal
SIV infection in macaques is a relevant animal model for HIV pathogenesis and vaccine study in humans. To design a safe and effective vaccine against HIV, we evaluated the suitability of naturally-occurring avirulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains and several modified versions of NDV as vectors for the expression and immunogenicity of SIV envelope protein gp160. All the NDV vectors expressed gp160 protein in infected cells. The gp160 expressed by these vectors formed oligomers and was incorporated into the NDV envelope...
June 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
J G Patel, B J Patel, S S Patel, S H Raval, R S Parmar, D V Joshi, H C Chauhan, B S Chandel, B K Patel
In recent past, the respiratory infection has emerged as a great challenge to the poultry farmers. Various pathogens including Avian pneumovirus (APV), Avian influenza virus (AIV), Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and Newcastle disease virus (NDV), Avibacterium paragallinarum, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT), Mycoplasma synoviae (MS), Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are involved in the respiratory disease complex in birds [1], [2] (Bradbury, 1984; Roussan et al...
August 2018: Data in Brief
S P Yadav, T R Kannaki, R K Mahapatra, Chandan Paswan, T K Bhattacharya, S K Sarkar, R N Chatterjee
Birds (364) of both sexes, 11-wk-old, belonging to 2 native (Brown Nicobari and Ghagus) breeds and 1 exotic breed (Dahlem Red) were evaluated for cell-mediated immune response (CMI) by phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA-P), hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antigen (LaSota stock virus), flow cytometric analysis of CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), and hematology and biochemical assays. The cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity response PHA-P% increase in wattle thickness (mm) was highest in Ghagus (431...
June 8, 2018: Poultry Science
Mai Takamura-Ishii, Takaaki Nakaya, Katsuro Hagiwara
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an oncolytic virus. As immunogenicity of tumor cells is enhanced by NDV infection, recombinant NDV-infected tumor vaccines (rNDV-TV) are effective methods for inducing specific immunity. However, several tumor cells resist NDV infection, and tumor specific immunity is not sufficiently induced by rNDV-TV. Therefore, we clarified the factor contributing to the suppression of NDV infection and attempted to improve rNDV-TV. Initially we investigated the correlation between the NDV infection rate and interferon-related gene expression in six murine tumor cell lines...
June 6, 2018: Cancers
Yashar Sadigh, Claire Powers, Simon Spiro, Miriam Pedrera, Andrew Broadbent, Venugopal Nair
Live herpesvirus-vectored vaccines are widely used in veterinary medicine to protect against many infectious diseases. In poultry, three strains of herpesvirus vaccines are used against Marek's disease (MD). However, of these, only the herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT) has been successfully developed and used as a recombinant vaccine vector to induce protection against other avian viral diseases such as infectious bursal disease (IBD), Newcastle disease (ND) or avian influenza (AI). Although effective when administered individually, recombinant HVT vectors have limitations when combined in multivalent vaccines...
2018: NPJ Vaccines
Ning Cui, Xiaoying Huang, Zhengjie Kong, Yanyan Huang, Qinghua Huang, Shaohua Yang, Lin Zhang, Chuantian Xu, Xiumei Zhang, Yanshun Cui
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection leads to disproportion of intestinal tract microbiol population in chickens. Whether vertical infection of NDV affects the formation of a healthy and diverse intestinal community in newly hatched chicks, which might further perturb the establishment of a normal intestinal mucosal immunity, is unclear. This study examined the effects of NDV infection of chick embryos on the formation of the intestinal microbiome of chicks at hatch using 16S rRNA genes pyrosequencing. Eleven-day-old specific-pathogen-free chicken eggs were inoculated via intra-allantoic way with Class I NDV strain...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Abdul Wajid, William G Dundon, Tanveer Hussain, Masroor Ellahi Babar
Twenty-nine avian avulavirus-1 viruses (AAvV-1s) from healthy domestic and wild ducks, geese and black swans collected in Pakistan between 2014-2017 have been pathotyped and genetically characterized. A phylogenetic analysis revealed that 21 of the isolates belonged to sub-genotype VIIi, whereas eight isolates were highly similar to vaccine-like viruses of genotype II. In addition to confirming the continued presence of sub-genotype VIIi AAvV-1s in Pakistan, this study identifies the probable spill-over of vaccine-like viruses from vaccinated poultry to wild and domestic waterfowl and, as such, has important implications for the control and management of Newcastle disease in Pakistan...
June 2, 2018: Archives of Virology
Haijin Liu, Renata Servan de Almeida, Patricia Gil, Natàlia Majó, Miquel Nofrarías, François-Xavier Briand, Véronique Jestin, Emmanuel Albina
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent class II avian paramyxovirus 1 (Newcastle disease virus, NDV), occurs sporadically in poultry despite their having been immunized with commercial vaccines. These vaccines were all derived from NDV strains isolated around 70 years ago. Since then, class II NDV strains have evolved into 18 genotypes. Whether the vaccination failure results from genotype mismatches between the currently used vaccine strains and field-circulating velogenic strains or from an impaired immune response in the vaccination remains unclear...
May 26, 2018: Vaccine
Rabia Bhardwaj, Ramneek Verma, Dipak Deka, P P Dubey, J S Arora, R S Sethi, T C Tolenkhomba, C S Mukhopadhyay
Background and Aim: Newcastle disease (ND) is considered one of the most important poultry diseases with chicken morbidity and mortality rates up to 100%. Current vaccination programs allow the use of live attenuated vaccines in the field to protect against the disease, which alone is inefficient and requires repeat booster doses. Toll-like receptor agonists (e.g., lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) as adjuvants are the ones, most extensively studied and have shown to be very promising in delivering a robust balanced immune response...
April 2018: Veterinary World
Jingjiao Ma, Jinhwa Lee, Haixia Liu, Ignacio Mena, A Sally Davis, Sun Young Sunwoo, Yuekun Lang, Michael Duff, Igor Morozov, Yuhao Li, Jianmei Yang, Adolfo García-Sastre, Juergen A Richt, Wenjun Ma
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/s41541-017-0034-4.].
2018: NPJ Vaccines
Yan Wang, Rui Wang, Yanrong Li, Yingjie Sun, Cuiping Song, Yuan Zhan, Lei Tan, Ying Liao, ChunChun Meng, Xusheng Qiu, Chan Ding
The cell cycle, as a basic cellular process, is conservatively regulated. Consequently, subversion of the host cell replication cycle is a common strategy employed by many viruses to create a cellular environment favorable for viral replication. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes disease in poultry and is also an effective oncolytic agent. However, the effects of NDV infection on cell cycle progression are unknown. In this study, we showed that NDV replication in asynchronized cells resulted in the accumulation of infected cells in the G0 /G1 phase of the cell cycle, which benefitted the proliferation of NDV...
May 21, 2018: Virology
Jessica L Grieves, Zhiwei Yin, Adolfo Garcia-Sastre, Ignacio Mena, Mark E Peeples, Heidi P Risman, Hannah Federman, Marvin J Sandoval, Russell K Durbin, Joan E Durbin
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower airway disease in infants worldwide and repeatedly infects immunocompetent individuals throughout life. Severe lower airway RSV infection during infancy can be life-threatening, but is also associated with important sequelae including development of asthma and recurrent wheezing in later childhood. The basis for the inadequate, short-lived adaptive immune response to RSV infection is poorly understood, but it is widely recognized that RSV actively antagonizes Type I interferon (IFN) production...
May 17, 2018: Vaccine
Shifa Yang, Guiming Li, Zengcheng Zhao, Zhongli Huang, Jian Fu, Minxun Song, Shuqian Lin, Ruiliang Zhu
Immunosuppressive virus, which can cause suppressed immunity and vaccination failure, frequently occurs in chicken flocks and seriously destroys the poultry industry. Our previous studies have reported that Taishan Pinus massoniana pollen polysaccharide (TPPPS) possess immunomodulatory effects and improve the immune effects of vaccines. In this study, avian leukosis virus subgroup B (ALV-B) was chosen as immunosuppressive virus to artificially establish immunosuppressive models in chickens, and the immune modulatory ability of TPPPS on the immune response of chickens was evaluated...
May 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Vinoth K Manoharan, Berin P Varghese, Anandan Paldurai, Siba K Samal
Newcastle disease (ND) causes severe economic loss to poultry industry worldwide. Frequent outbreaks of ND in commercial chickens vaccinated with live vaccines suggest a need to develop improved vaccines that are genetically matched against circulating Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains. In this study, the fusion protein cleavage site (FPCS) sequence of NDV strain Banjarmasin/010 (Banj), a genotype VII NDV, was individually modified using primer mutagenesis to those of avian paramyxovirus (APMV) serotypes 2, 7 and 8 and compared with the recombinant Banjarmasin (rBanj) with avirulent NDV LaSota cleavage site (rBanj-LaSota)...
2018: PloS One
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