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Newcastle disease virus

A Sedaghat, M A Karimi Torshizi
This study aimed to investigate the effect of supplemental camphor on the performance and immune functions of Japanese quail by feeding graded levels (0 (control), 250, 500, 750, 1000, 5000 or 10 000 ppm) of camphor during a 42-day feeding trial. In all, 280 1-day-old quail chicks were randomly assigned into 28 cages of 10 chicks each with separate feeders. The results clearly demonstrated that camphor did not have a significant effect on BW, BW gain, total experimental average daily feed intake, feed conversion ratio, internal organ relative weights and biochemical parameters such as uric acid, albumin, total protein and triglyceride; however, plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly different in a linear manner, in which 500 ppm of camphor resulted in a lower level of cholesterol...
May 23, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Wen-Ting Chen, Hao-Kai Chang, Cheng-Chung Lin, Shan-Min Yang, Hsien-Sheng Yin
The use of cytokines as adjuvants in poultry is promising because they may enhance immune responses to antigens. In this study, we created two mutants, chicken interleukin-1 beta (ChIL-1β) Q19A and R140A, which exhibited significantly increased in vivo biological activity compared with wild-type ChIL-1β. The potential mucosal adjuvant activity of the mutants Q19A and R140A was evaluated in chickens through the intranasal coadministration of a single dose of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine with Q19A or R140A...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Immunology
Volker Schirrmacher
Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most important diseases of poultry worldwide. In the last decades, molecular research has gained a lot of new information about its causative agent, newcastledisease virus (NDV). In poultry industry, certain strains of NDV have been used for preventive vaccination for more than 60 years. NDV has also been applied to cancer patients with beneficial effects for about 50 years, but this is less well known. The molecular basis for these differential effects of NDV in birds and man have been elucidated in the last decades and are explained in this review...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ahmad Nazaktabar, Mohammad Soleimani Lashkenari, Atefeh Araghi, Mohsen Ghorbani, Hannaneh Golshahi
Evaluation of the potential cytotoxicity of polyrhodanine nanoparticles is an important factor for its biological applications. In current study, for the first time histopathological and biochemical analysis of polyrhodanine besides of its antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) were examined on chicken embryo model. Polyrhodanine was synthesized by the chemical oxidative polymerization method. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Claudio L Afonso
Reverse genetics allows for the generation of recombinant viruses or vectors used in functional studies, vaccine development, and gene therapy. This technique enables genetic manipulation and cloning of viral genomes, gene mutation through site-directed mutagenesis, along with gene insertion or deletion, among other studies. An in vitro infection-based system including the highly attenuated vaccinia virus Ankara strain expressing the T7 RNA polymerase from bacteriophage T7, with co-transfection of three helper plasmids and a full-length cDNA plasmid, was successfully developed to rescue genetically modified Newcastle disease viruses in 1999...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Dwi Desmiyeni Putri, Ekowati Handharyani, Retno Damajanti Soejoedono, Agus Setiyono, Ni Luh Putu Ika Mayasari, Okti Nadia Poetri
AIM: This research was conducted to differentiate and characterize eight Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates collected from vaccinated chicken at commercial flocks in West Java, Indonesia, in 2011, 2014 and 2015 by pathotype specific primers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eight NDV isolates collected from clinical outbreaks among commercial vaccinated flocks in West Java, Indonesia, in 2011, 2014, and 2015 were used in this study. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect and differentiate virulence of NDV strains, using three sets of primers targeting their M and F gene...
April 2017: Veterinary World
Jemma Bergfeld, Joanne Meers, John Bingham, Jennifer Harper, Jean Payne, Sue Lowther, Glenn Marsh, Mary Tachedjian, Deborah Middleton
Newcastle disease is an important disease of poultry caused by virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV). During the 1998 to 2002 outbreaks of Newcastle disease in Australia, it was observed that the mild clinical signs seen in some chickens infected with NDV did not correlate with the viruses' virulent fusion protein cleavage site motifs or standard pathogenicity indices. The pathogenicity of 2 Australian NDV isolates was evaluated in experimentally challenged chickens based on clinical evaluation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and molecular techniques...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Shaoqi Qu, Cunchun Dai, Mei Qiu, Ruili Zhang, Chunyuan Wang, Liangliang Cui, Zhihui Hao
The aims of this study were to prepare pidotimod (PDM) soluble powder and to investigate the immune enhancement properties of PDM in chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus vaccine. In vivo experiment, 360 6-day-old chickens were averagely divided into 6 groups. The chickens, except blank control (BC) group, were vaccinated with Newcastle disease vaccine (NDV). At the same time of the vaccination, the chickens in three PDM groups were given water with PDM for 5days, respectively, with the PDM at low, medium and high concentrations (0...
May 6, 2017: Immunology Letters
Anto Vrdoljak, Máté Halas, Tamás Süli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a live attenuated vaccine against Newcastle disease in broilers with different levels of maternally derived antibodies (MDA). While vaccination remains the single most important means for controlling Newcastle disease, presence of MDA may interfere with the vaccination of young birds and decrease the efficacy of the vaccine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Day-old chicks with variable levels of MDA (negative, low and high) were vaccinated with a live attenuated vaccine against Newcastle disease...
May 8, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Mansour Mayahi, Masoud Reza Seyfi Abad Shapouri, Ramezan Ali Jafari, Mehrdad Khosravi Farsani
Characterization of isolated pigeon paramyxovirus-1 (PMV-1) and its pathogenicity in broiler chickens were studied. Two hundred and thirty-two samples collected from 50 unvaccinated pigeons lofts suspected to Newcastle disease from private houses and bird markets from Ahvaz, Iran. Swab samples from cloaca and oropharynx of live pigeons and from trachea, lung, liver, spleen, kidney, brain, proventriculus and cecal tonsil of dead pigeons suspected to ND were collected. Isolation of the PPMV-1 was performed through intra-allantoic inoculation of 9- to 11- day-old embryonated chicken eggs...
2017: Veterinary Research Forum
Asuka Yoshida, Siba K Samal
Avian paramyxovirus serotype 3 (APMV-3) causes infection in a wide variety of avian species, but it does not cause apparent diseases in chickens. On the contrary, APMV-1, also known as Newcastle disease virus (NDV), can cause severe disease in chickens. Currently, natural low virulence strains of NDV are used as live-attenuated vaccines throughout the world. NDV is also being evaluated as a vaccine vector against poultry pathogens. However, due to routine vaccination programs, chickens often possess pre-existing antibodies against NDV, which may cause the chickens to be less sensitive to recombinant NDV vaccines expressing antigens of other avian pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Umberto Molini, Gottlieb Aikukutu, Siegfried Khaiseb, Giovanni Cattoli, William G Dundon
The complete sequences of the fusion (F) protein genes of six Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates from backyard poultry in Namibia in 2016 have been determined. The F gene cleavage site motif for all of the isolates was (112)RRQKRF(117), indicating that the viruses are virulent. A phylogenetic analysis using the full F gene sequence revealed that the viruses belong to a novel subgenotype, VIIk. This is the first genetic characterization of NDV isolates from Namibia, and the findings have important implications for Newcastle disease management and control in the region...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Virology
Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Shambhu Dayal Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Obli Rajendran Vinodhkumar, Yashpal Singh Malik
The present study describes the exploitation of haemadsorption (HAd) property of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) for the development of a novel sensitive HAd technique based RT-PCR for detection of NDV from clinical samples of virus infected experimental birds. The NDV propagated allantoic fluid from the infected embryonated chicken eggs or supernatant of the processed clinical samples (tissue triturate, cloaca and tracheal swabs) from the experimentally infected birds were added with chicken red blood cells (RBC) to adsorb the virus on RBC's surface...
September 2016: Virusdisease
Vasudevan Gowthaman, Sambhu Dayal Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Perumal Aurumugam Desingu, Asok Kumar, Yashpal Singh Malik, Muhammad Munir
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infects at least 241 species of pet and free-living birds in addition to domesticated avian species. Wild, feral and domesticated birds are recognized reservoirs of NDV, and contribute to the epidemiology of NDV in the domesticated poultry. The biological and molecular characterization of velogenic NDV (vNDV) from emus is limited. In this study, 54 tissues were collected from eight Emu flocks between May 2010 and January 2012 from highly poultry-dense areas of India including Namakkal, Hyderabad and Bareilly regions...
September 2016: Virusdisease
Hongjun Huang, Na Zhang, Qingqing Xiong, Ruoyu Chen, Chengfei Zhang, Ning Wang, Li Wang, Hua Ren, Mingyao Liu, Min Qian, Bing Du
As the most important host defense against viral infection, interferon (IFN) stimulates hundreds of antiviral genes (ISGs) that together establish an "antiviral state". However, the antiviral function of most ISGs in viral infection still need further exploration. Here, we demonstrated that the expression of G-protein-coupled receptor 146 (GPR146) is highly increased by both IFN-β and IFN-γ in a STAT1-dependent signaling pathway. Most importantly, overexpression of GPR146 protects the host cells from Vesicular stomatitis virus and Newcastle disease virus infection but not Herpes simplex virus...
May 2, 2017: Immunology
Y Berhane, T Hisanaga, W Xu, N A Mosos Campos, H Kehler, C P Calderón Parra, J Pasick
Newcastle disease (ND) still remains one of the most important diseases affecting domestic poultry in Colombia. Here, for the first time, we report on the molecular characterization of 12 virulent and 12 avirulent or lentogenic avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) strains that were isolated from commercial, backyard, and game poultry in Colombia from 2008 to 2010. The 12 virulent isolates had a fusion (F) protein cleavage site with basic amino acids at positions 113, 115, and 116 and a phenylalanine at position 117 ((112)RRQKR*F(117)), characteristic of virulent strains...
April 27, 2017: Virus Genes
Barnali Nath, Sachin Kumar
Northeast India with its rich and diverse avifauna acts as a hotbed for emerging virulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains. The present work describes the molecular and pathogenic characterization of NDV strain isolated from Pandu, Assam, India. Clinicopathological and genetic analysis showed the virulent nature of NDV strain Pandu. On molecular phylogenetic and evolutionary distance analysis, the NDV strain Pandu formed a distinct clade within the genotype XIII of class II NDV, suggesting a new sub-genotype XIIIc...
April 24, 2017: Acta Tropica
R Jahanian, M Khalifeh-Gholi
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of different levels of dietary arginine (Arg) and methionine (Met) on performance, immune responses, and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens. A total of 540 day-old Ross 308 broiler chicks were randomly assigned into the nine experimental diets, consisting five replicates of 12 birds each. Dietary treatments included three different levels (90%, 100%, and 110% of National Research Council [NRC] specifications) of either dietary Arg or Met, which were fed to the birds according to a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments during a 42 days feeding trial...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Jianchang Wang, Jinfeng Wang, Ping Chen, Libing Liu, Wanzhe Yuan
Twelve serotypes of fowl aviadenovirus, namely, FAdV-(1-8a and 8b-11), have been identified, among which FAdV-4 is the aetiologic agent of hepatitis hydropericardium syndrome (HHS) in chickens. Outbreaks of HHS have been documented in many countries, causing significant economic losses. Real-time PCR methods described so far in the literature cross-detect different serotypes of FAdVs. In this study, we aimed to develop a TaqMan-based real-time PCR assay for the specific detection of FAdV-4. A pair of primers targeting the hexon gene and a TaqMan probe were designed...
June 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
V S Dhaygude, G K Sawale, M M Chawak, N R Bulbule, S D Moregaonkar, D S Gavhane
AIM: Diagnosis of velogenic viscerotropic Ranikhet disease from six different flocks of desi chicken in and around Mumbai by gross and histopathological examination, isolation of virus and molecular methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 carcasses (varying between 2 and 6 carcasses from each flock) of six different flocks of adult desi chicken were subjected to necropsy examination for diagnosis of the disease during the span of a year (2014-2015). After thorough gross examination, the tissue samples were collected and processed for virus isolation and histopathological examination...
March 2017: Veterinary World
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