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Ginkgo biloba

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319499/similar-treatment-outcomes-with-ginkgo-biloba-extract-egb-761-and-donepezil-in-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-very-old-age-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Michael Rapp, Martin Burkart, Thomas Kohlmann, Jens Bohlken
OBJECTIVE: To provide pilot data for the safety and efficacy of EGb 761 in the oldest-old patients (aged 80 or older). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we compared treatment outcomes with EGb 761 or donepezil over 12 months in 189 patients aged 80 years or older suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD). RESULTS: Over 12 months, there was no significant difference in cognitive decline, measured with the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, between donepezil and EGb 761 (p = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306777/the-alveolar-bone-protective-effects-of-natural-products-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Irlan Almeida Freires, Gustavo Machado Santaella, Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review was carried out to identify which naturally-occurring agents and constituents isolated therefrom have effects in preventing bone loss in a ligature-induced periodontitis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for studies of experimental periodontitis. The data were extracted, analyzed, and the treatment outcomes were given scores based on the level of bone destruction as compared to their untreated induced-periodontitis control...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289576/botanicals-and-phytochemicals-active-on-cognitive-decline-the-clinical-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Maciej Banach
Beyond the well-known effects on cognitive impairment of the Mediterranean diet, a number of studies have investigated the possible action on cognitive decline of different botanicals and phytochemicals, most of which are well-known anti-inflammatory or antioxidant agents with a good tolerability and safety profile. In particular, the current literature supports the use of Ginkgo biloba, resveratrol, epigallocatechin-3-gallate and l-theanine, Theobroma cacao, Bacopa monnieri, Crocus sativus and curcumin, which might have a positive impact on cognitive impairment used alone or in combination with other nutraceuticals or traditional drugs...
December 28, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285133/effects-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaf-extract-on-local-renin-angiotensin-system-through-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-cardiac-myocyte
#4
Hua Jiang, Peng Qu
The present study investigated the effects of Ginkgo biloba leaf extract (GBE50) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway and its effects on angiotensinogen (ATG) and AT1a receptor, so as to explore the mechanism of GBE50 in prevention and treatment of left ventricular remodeling. In vitro cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) were divided into 4 groups including i) control group: DMEM medium; ii) LPS group: iii) LPS + GBE50 group; iv) LPS + caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE, specific inhibitor of NF-κB) group...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281744/antidiabetic-cataract-effects-of-gbe-rutin-and-quercetin-are-mediated-by-the-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-and-polyol-pathway
#5
Qian Lu, Meng Hao, Wenya Wu, Nan Zhang, Adelusi Temitope Isaac, Jiale Yin, Xia Zhu, Lei Du, Xiaoxing Yin
One of the earliest critical secondary complications of diabetes is the opacification of the eye lens - a condition strictly associated with diabetic cataract. The study presented here was designed to investigate the effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GbE), rutin and quercetin on streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic cataract (DC) rats. Ten weeks after administration of GbE, rutin and quercetin, the opacity of diabetic rats' lenseswasgraded under a slit lamp. Then, the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs), and the activities of aldose reductase (AR) were estimated...
December 28, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229334/broad-range-chemical-profiling-of-natural-deep-eutectic-solvent-extracts-using-a-high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-based-method
#6
Xiaojie Liu, Samantha Ahlgren, Henrie A A J Korthout, Luis F Salomé-Abarca, Lina M Bayona, Robert Verpoorte, Young Hae Choi
Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) made mainly with abundant primary metabolites are being increasingly applied in green chemistry. The advantages of NADES as green solvents have led to their use in novel green products for the food, cosmetics and pharma markets. However, one of the main difficulties encountered in the development of novel products and their quality control arises from their low vapour pressure and high viscosity. These features create the need for the development of new analytical methods suited to this type of sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207671/ginkgo-biloba-extract-egb-761-induced-upregulation-of-lincrna-p21-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-metastasis-by-associating-with-ezh2
#7
Tingting Liu, Junzhong Zhang, Zhongqiu Chai, Gang Wang, Naiqiang Cui, Bing Zhou
EGb 761, the standard ginkgo biloba extract, is frequently prescribed in traditional Chinese medicine. Currently, there is no research focusing on its role in human colorectal cancer progression. In our study, we determined the anti-metastatic effect of EGb 761 on colorectal cancer cells and further explored the potential underlying regulatory mechanism. The cell migration and invasion assay indicated that EGb 761 treatment of colorectal cancer cells induced inhibition of cell migration and invasion ability in a concentration-dependent manner...
October 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206653/ginkgo-biloba-and-its-potential-role-in-glaucoma
#8
Jessica Minjy Kang, Shan Lin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study will review the research on the effect of ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on patients with glaucoma. RECENT FINDINGS: GBE appears to increase ocular blood flow in those with glaucoma. However, data on visual field outcomes are inconclusive. SUMMARY: GBE has been shown to have antioxidant and vascular effects, making it potentially effective in treating glaucoma. Published data are limited but show an increase in ocular blood flow after GBE administration...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197355/extract-of-ginkgo-biloba-exacerbates-liver-metastasis-in-a-mouse-colon-cancer-xenograft-model
#9
Huan Wang, Xia Wu, Stephane Lezmi, Qian Li, William G Helferich, Yueqing Xu, Hong Chen
BACKGROUND: Metastasis refers to the spread of a primary tumor cell from the primary site to other locations in the body and it is generally associated with the severity of a tumor. Extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGb) contains various bioactive compounds and it exerts beneficial effects including improvements in brain function and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. On the other hand, increased risk of thyroid and liver cancers by EGb have been reported in animals. METHODS: A colon cancer metastasis model was established using intrasplenic injection of a human colon cancer cell line, SW620-luc in athymic mice to investigate the potential impact of EGb on colon cancer progression...
December 2, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196903/concurrent-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-herbal-medicinal-products-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Taofikat B Agbabiaka, Barbara Wider, Leala K Watson, Claire Goodman
BACKGROUND: The use of herbal medicinal products (HMPs) is common among older adults; however, little is known about concurrent use with prescription drugs, as well as potential interactions associated with such combinations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the literature on concurrent prescription and HMP use among older adults to assess prevalence, patterns, potential interactions and factors associated with this use. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Web of Science and Cochrane databases from inception to May 2017 for studies reporting concurrent use of prescription medicines with HMPs in adults ≥ 65 years of age...
December 1, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190983/ginkgetin-induces-autophagic-cell-death-through-p62-sqstm1-mediated-autolysosome-formation-and-redox-setting-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#11
Jian-Shu Lou, Wen-Chuan Bi, Gallant K L Chan, Yan Jin, Chau-Wing Wong, Zhong-Yu Zhou, Huai-You Wang, Ping Yao, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Promoting cell death by autophagy could be a novel treatment for cancer. The major player in autophagy, p62, serves as a good therapeutic target. Ginkgetin, a biflavonoid from Ginkgo biloba leaves, exhibited promising anticancer activity in non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, with an IC50 lower than that of cisplatin. This anticancer effect of ginkgetin was illustrated in a xenograft nude mouse model. Ginkgetin induced autophagic cell death in A549 cells, and this effect was markedly reversed by chemical and genetic approaches...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188855/ginkgo-biloba-extract-consumption-and-long-term-occurrence-of-death-and-dementia
#12
J F Dartigues, L Grasset, C Helmer, C Féart, L Letenneur, H Jacqmin-Gadda, P Joly, H Amieva
OBJECTIVES: To study the benefit of Ginkgo Biloba Extract (GBe) consumption on the long term risk of dementia and death in elderly people. DESIGN: The Paquid study is a population-based cohort with regular follow-up screenings up to twenty-two years and systematic detection of incident cases of dementia. Statistical analysis was conducted with an illness-death model dealing with interval censoring of dementia and competing risk of death. SETTING: The sample was randomly selected from electoral rolls in two administrative areas of southwestern France in 1988-1989...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184939/consumption-of-plant-food-supplements-in-the-netherlands
#13
Suzanne M F Jeurissen, Elly J M Buurma-Rethans, Marja H Beukers, Martine Jansen-van der Vliet, Caroline T M van Rossum, R Corinne Sprong
The use of food supplements containing herbs or other botanical ingredients (plant food supplements, PFS) is on the rise. In some cases, PFS can contain compounds that are toxic and may pose a health risk. To assess the potential health risks, information on the consumption of PFS is required, however, this was lacking for the Netherlands. In the current study, the consumption of PFS was investigated for several subgroups in the Dutch population, including children. Data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Surveys were used to get a first impression on the consumption of PFS...
November 29, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177601/streptomyces-ginkgonis-sp-nov-an-endophyte-from-ginkgo-biloba
#14
Xia Yan, Yanfang Li, Nana Wang, Yue Chen, Li-Li Huang
A novel endophytic actinomycete strain, designated KM-1-2T, was isolated from seeds of Ginkgo biloba at Yangling, China. A polyphasic approach was used to study the taxonomy of strain KM-1-2T and it was found to show a range of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic properties consistent with those of members of the genus Streptomyces. The diamino acid of the cell wall peptidoglycan was identified as LL-diaminopimelic acid. No diagnostic sugars were detected in whole cell hydrolysates. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8)...
November 24, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173156/identification-of-human-acetylcholine-esterase-inhibitors-from-the-constituents-of-egb761-by-modeling-docking-and-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#15
Lihu Zhang, Dongdong Li, Fuliang Cao, Wei Xiao, Linguo Zhao, Zhenzhong Wang, Gang Ding
EGb761, a standardized and well-defined product extract of Ginkgo biloba leaves, has beneficial effects on the treatment of multiple diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD). Identification of natural acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibitors from EGb761 would provide a novel therapeutic approach against the Alzheimer's disease. A series of 21 kinds of promising EGB761 compounds were selected, and subsequently evaluated for their potential ability to bind AChE enzyme by molecular docking and a deep analysis of protein surface pocket features...
November 23, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171642/dietary-supplements-for-cognitive-impairment
#16
Javier Olivera-Pueyo, Carmelo Pelegrín-Valero
Alzheimer disease and the other neurodegenerative dementias as yet have no curative treatment. For this reason, the prevention of these conditions and non-pharmacological treatments are important fields of research at present. The Mediterranean diet (rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, and olive oil, with regular fish consumption and low consumption of dairy products and meats) has been shown to reduce the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and, probably, the conversion of MCI to dementia. Vitamins, especially vitamin E and the vitamins of the B group, have also been associated with the prevention of cognitive impairment due to their antioxidant effects...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171241/-adverse-reaction-and-screening-of-sensitizing-substance-of-shuxuening-injection
#17
Yan Yi, Chun-Ying Li, Yu-Shi Zhang, Yong Zhao, Lian-Mei Wang, Chen Pan, Su-Yan Liu, Jing-Zhuo Tian, Jia-Yin Han, Ai-Hua Liang
In this study, by the means of the active systemic allergy test in guinea pigs, passive skin allergy test in rats and pseudoallergic test in mice, it was determined that the "allergic reaction" of Shuxuening injection(SXNI) may not be a true IgE-mediated allergic reactions, but mainly of pseudoallergic reaction. Further pseudoallergic test proved that the pseudoallergic reactions of SXNI had difference between batches and showed dose dependence, so it was recommended to establish SXNI pseudoallergic reaction detection method for timely detecting and controlling the product risk of each batch products...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168225/gaba-modulating-phytomedicines-for-anxiety-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-and-clinical-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Karen Savage, Joseph Firth, Con Stough, Jerome Sarris
Anxiety disorders are chronic and functionally disabling conditions with high psychological stress, characterised by cognitive symptoms of excessive worry and focus difficulties and physiological symptoms such as muscle tension and insomnia. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter within the central nervous system and is a key target of pharmacotherapies in the treatment of anxiety. Although current pharmaceutical treatments are often efficacious, they may cause undesirable side effects including cognitive decrements and withdrawal symptoms...
November 23, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166795/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-acute-mountain-sickness-a-network-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#19
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Individuals ascending to high altitude are at a risk of getting acute mountain sickness (AMS). The present study is a network meta-analysis comparing all the interventions available to prevent AMS. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized clinical trials evaluating the use of drugs to prevent AMS. Incidence of AMS was the primary outcome and incidence of severe AMS, paraesthesia (as side effect of acetazolamide use), headache and severe headache, and oxygen saturation were the secondary outcomes...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157082/radioprotective-efficacy-of-ginkgo-biloba-and-angelica-archangelica-extract-against-technetium-99m-sestamibi-induced-oxidative-stress-and-lens-injury-in-rats
#20
Mahmoud H Khedr, Medhat W Shafaa, Amany Abdel-Ghaffar, Ahmed Saleh
PURPOSE: Technetium-99m is a radioactive tracer that emits gamma rays. Its half-life time is 6 hours. Similar to other ionizing radiations, the main mechanism of radiation-induced effects is initiated through the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). The present study was designed to determine the possible protective effects of Ginkgo-Biloba and Angelica-Archangelica against oxidative organ damage that was induced by (99m)Tc-sestamibi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments were performed on thirty-six Wistar-rats which were subdivided into control groups and groups exposed to (99m)Tc-sestamibi...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
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