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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432693/multimodal-neurophysiological-monitoring-in-healthy-infants-born-at-term-normative-continuous-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-data
#1
Silvia Lori, Simonetta Gabbanini, Maria Bastianelli, Giovanna Bertini, Iuri Corsini, Carlo Dani
AIM: To describe accurate, standardized 1h-multimodal neurophysiological monitoring (1h-MNM), while simultaneously recording VEEG, aEEG, and SEP-C bilaterally from median nerves, and to collect neonatal normative SEP-C data related to behavioural states. METHOD: Twenty healthy, term newborn infants (13 males, 7 females; gestational age 37-42wks; mean 39.6wks, standard deviation [SD] 1.3wks) underwent 1h-MNM within 2 days of life, with focus on recording of the SEP-C (band-pass setting 1-100 Hz, rate of stimulation 1...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432372/evaluation-of-the-auditory-pathway-in-traffic-policemen
#2
Vipul Indora, Farah Khaliq, Neelam Vaney
BACKGROUND: Traffic policemen working at heavy traffic junctions are continuously exposed to high level of noise and its health consequences. OBJECTIVE: To assess the hearing pathway in traffic policemen by means of brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA), mid-latency response (MLR), and slow vertex response (SVR). METHODS: In this observational comparative study, BERA, MLR, and SVR were tested in 35 male traffic policemen with field posting of more than 3 years...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432188/magnetic-resonance-neurography-visualizes-abnormalities-in-sciatic-and-tibial-nerves-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-neuropathy
#3
Michael Vaeggemose, Mirko Pham, Steffen Ringgaard, Hatice Tankisi, Niels Ejskjaer, Sabine Heiland, Per L Poulsen, Henning Andersen
This study evaluates whether diffusion-tensor-imaging MR-Neurography (DTI-MRN), T2-relaxation-time and proton-spin-density can detect and grade neuropathic abnormalities in patients with type 1 diabetes.Forty-nine patients with type 1 diabetes (11 with severe polyneuropathy (sDPN), 13 with mild polyneuropathy (mDPN) and 25 without polyneuropathy (nDPN)) and 30 healthy controls (HC) were included. Clinical examinations, nerve-conduction-studies and vibratory-perception-thresholds determined the presence and severity of DPN...
April 21, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430843/carotid-body-denervation-markedly-improves-survival-in-rats-with-hypertensive-heart-failure
#4
Kana Fujii, Keita Saku, Takuya Kishi, Yasuhiro Oga, Takeshi Tohyama, Takuya Nishikawa, Takafumi Sakamoto, Masataka Ikeda, Tomomi Ide, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Kenji Sunagawa
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of heart failure. Excessive sympathoexcitation in patients with heart failure leads to poor prognosis. Since carotid body denervation (CBD) has been shown to reduce sympathetic nerve activity in animal models of hypertension and heart failure, we examined if bilateral CBD attenuates the progression of hypertensive heart failure and improves survival. METHODS: We randomly allocated Dahl salt-sensitive rats fed a high-salt diet from 6 weeks of age into CBD (n = 31) and sham-operation (SHAM; n = 50) groups, and conducted CBD or SHAM at 7 weeks of age...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430724/the-effect-of-lithotomy-position-on-nerve-stretch-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Nicolette E Deveneau, Courtney Forbis, Lioudmilla Lipetskaia, Casey L Kinman, Anubhav Agrawal, Nicole R Herring, Sean L Francis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to design a method to measure nerve stretch in cadaveric subjects and then use the method to assess femoral nerve stretch in the lithotomy position with varying degrees of flexion and extension. METHODS: A university-based, cadaveric observational study of femoral nerve stretch was conducted. In 6 cadaveric subjects, femoral nerve near the inguinal ligament was dissected in each cadaveric subject. The nerve was marked, and digital images of the nerve were obtained in the supine position and lithotomy position in both flexion and extension...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429469/high-body-mass-and-kidney-dysfunction-relate-to-worse-nerve-function-even-in-adults-without-neuropathy
#6
Rens Hanewinckel, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Albert Hofman, Judith Drenthen, Pieter A van Doorn
Polyneuropathy is a prevalent and disabling disorder. Despite extensive evaluation, the cause often remains unknown. Factors that predispose for the development of polyneuropathy need to be identified. We investigated the effect of anthropometric and metabolic factors on peripheral nerve function in 908 participants of the population-based Rotterdam Study without any symptoms or signs of polyneuropathy. Participants underwent nerve conduction studies of the sural and peroneal nerve. Data on age, height, weight, waist circumference, diabetes, lipid levels, hypertension and kidney function were collected...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427125/-the-clinical-value-of-sudoscan-in-diagnosis-of-diabetic-distal-symmetrical-peripheral-neuropathy
#7
J J Ma, S L Hao, X T Cheng, Y Yuan
Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of SUDOSCAN in diagnosis of diabetic distal symmetrical peripheral neuropathy. Methods: According to the diagnostic criteria for multiple diabetic distal symmetrical peripheral neuropathy, a total of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Department of Endocrinology, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University between August 2015 and July 2016 were divided into two groups, diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (DPN group, 50 cases) and non-diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (NDPN group, 80 cases)...
April 18, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421205/the-preferential-impairment-of-pupil-constriction-stimulated-by-blue-light-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-autonomic-neuropathy
#8
Fukashi Ishibashi, Rie Kojima, Miki Taniguchi, Aiko Kosaka, Harumi Uetake, Mitra Tavakoli
The main aim of the present paper is to examine whether the pupillary light reflex (PLR) mediated by intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) is impaired in type 2 diabetic patients. One hundred and three diabetic patients without diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) and 42 age-matched controls underwent a series of detailed neurological examinations. The patients were stratified into three groups: stage I, no neuropathy; stage II, asymptomatic neuropathy; stage III, symptomatic but without DAN...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420906/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-ultrasound-plus-nerve-stimulator-guidance-axillary-plexus-block
#9
Gokhan Demirelli, Semih Baskan, Isil Karabeyoglu, Ismail Aytac, Dilsen Hatice Ornek, Alper Erdogmus, Mustafa Baydar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of axillary plexus blockade applied using ultrasound only and using ultrasound together with nerve stimulator in patients undergoing planned forearm, wrist or hand surgery. METHODS: This randomised, prospective, double-blinded, single-centre study was conducted at Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, from November 2014 to August 2015, and comprised patients undergoing forearm, wrist or hand surgery...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420434/the-neuroprotective-effects-of-human-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-are-dose-dependent-in-tnbs-colitis
#10
Ainsley M Robinson, Ahmed A Rahman, Sarah Miller, Rhian Stavely, Samy Sakkal, Kulmira Nurgali
BACKGROUND: The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is increasing worldwide with patients experiencing severe impacts on their quality of life. It is well accepted that intestinal inflammation associates with extensive damage to the enteric nervous system (ENS), which intrinsically innervates the gastrointestinal tract and regulates all gut functions. Hence, treatments targeting the enteric neurons are plausible for alleviating IBD and associated complications. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are gaining wide recognition as a potential therapy for many diseases due to their immunomodulatory and neuroprotective qualities...
April 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#11
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419532/electromyography-in-the-assessment-and-therapy-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Jan Krhut, Roman Zachoval, Peter F W M Rosier, Beth Shelly, Peter Zvara
AIM: To present the teaching module "Electromyography in the assessment and therapy of lower urinary tract dysfunction in adults." This teaching module embodies a presentation, in combination with this manuscript. This manuscript serves as a scientific background review; the evidence base made available on ICS website to summarize current knowledge and recommendations. METHODS: This review has been prepared by a Working Group of The ICS Urodynamics Committee. The methodology used included comprehensive literature review, consensus formation by the members of the Working Group, and review by members of the ICS Urodynamics Committee core panel...
April 18, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413892/amyloid-detection-in-the-transverse-carpal-ligament-of-patients-with-hereditary-attr-v30m-amyloidosis-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#13
Raquel Samões, Ricardo Taipa, Kátia Valdrez, Isabel Gonçalves, Manuel Melo Pires, Ana Martins da Silva, Teresa Coelho
INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a nonspecific manifestation of hereditary ATTR amyloidosis (ATTRm). Amyloid deposition of wild-type TTR (WT-ATTR) has been found in transverse carpal ligament (TCL) in idiopathic CTS. We retrospectively studied a group of patients with ATTRm and CTS submitted to carpal tunnel release surgery (CTRS). METHODS: From the nerve conduction studies performed in our Clinical Unit dedicated to hereditary amyloidosis between July 2009 and October 2013, we selected patients who fulfilled neurophysiological criteria for CTS, had been submitted to CTRS and whose TCL was available for pathology...
April 16, 2017: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413117/structure-specific-movement-patterns-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-dysfunction-using-lumbar-combined-movement-examination
#14
Aubrey P Monie, Roger I Price, Christopher R P Lind, Kevin P Singer
OBJECTIVE: A test-retest cohort study was conducted to assess the use of a novel computer-aided, combined movement examination (CME) to measure change in low back movement after pain management intervention in 17 cases of lumbar spondylosis. Additionally we desired to use a CME normal reference range (NRR) to compare and contrast movement patterns identified from 3 specific structural pathologic conditions: intervertebral disc, facet joint, and nerve root compression. METHODS: Computer-aided CME was used before and after intervention, in a cohort study design, to record lumbar range of movement along with pain, disability, and health self-report questionnaires in 17 participants who received image-guided facet, epidural, and/or rhizotomy intervention...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412985/active-surveillance-management-of-head-and-neck-paragangliomas-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
L Harrison, R Corbridge
BACKGROUND: Head and neck paragangliomas are rare. They are usually slow-growing, benign, non-catecholamine secreting tumours, traditionally treated with surgical excision. Complications of surgical excision include lower cranial nerve palsies, stroke and death. METHOD: A retrospective case note analysis was conducted of patients with head and neck paragangliomas treated with a watch-and-scan policy from March 2003 to September 2015, and the relevant literature was reviewed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412542/reduction-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-vigabatrin-exposed-patients-a-meta-analysis
#16
Yingqian Peng, Yinan Zhao, Wenyu Hu, Yongmei Hu, Yan He, Yedi Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Vigabatrin (VGB) is currently served as an effective adjunctive therapy for patients with partial epilepsy worldwide. In this study, meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the changes in peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in epilepsy patients who were treated by VGB. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Publications on PubMed, Wiley Online Library and the Elsevier Science databases were searched by September 2016...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411387/prophylactic-dissection-of-level-v-in-primary-mucosal-scc-in-the-clinically-n-positive-neck-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Timothy McLean, Stephen J Kerr, Charles E B Giddings
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence for level V dissection in the management of previously untreated mucosal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck presenting with nodal metastasis when level V is clinically uninvolved. DATA SOURCE: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) were used to conduct a systematic review of the current literature, including all English language articles published after 1990. A literature search was performed on November 29, 2015, of Medline, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the Cochrane Library...
April 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410828/early-onset-symptomatic-neuropathy-in-a-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Obeid Mohammad Shafi, Muzamil Latief
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a major complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). It is usually subclinical in childhood, but can cause significant impairment with its progression through to adulthood. Current guidelines vary in their recommendation regarding screening for DN in children with T1DM, with some advocating starting screening 5 years after the diagnosis of T1DM. Clinical assessment comprising of history and neurological examination is the most commonly used method for screening, though Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS) provide better sensitivity in picking up early subclinical diabetic neuropathy...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410280/long-term-impacts-of-orthokeratology-treatment-on-sub-basal-nerve-plexus-and-corneal-sensitivity-responses-and-their-reversibility
#19
María Nombela-Palomo, Gema Felipe-Marquez, Miguel Angel Teus, Jose Luis Hernandez-Verdejo, Amelia Nieto-Bona
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of one year of overnight orthokeratology (OK) treatment on the sub-basal nerve plexus (SBNP) and corneal sensitivity and to assess the reversibility of these effects one month after treatment interruption. METHODS: Thirty-two subjects with low-moderate myopia underwent OK treatment for one year. Fifteen non-contact lens wearers served as controls. At the time points baseline, one year of treatment, and one month after removing the OK lenses, two tests were conducted: corneal sensitivity (Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer) and SBNP imaging by in vivo confocal microscopy...
April 13, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409134/anatomical-variations-of-pronator-teres-muscle-predispositional-role-for-nerve-entrapment
#20
Edie Benedito Caetano, Luiz Ângelo Vieira, Fábio Antonio Anversa Sprovieri, Guilherme Camargo Petta, Maurício Tadeu Nakasone, Bárbara Lívia Correa Serafim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomical variations of the pronator teres muscle (PTM) and its implication in the compression of the median nerve, which passes through the humeral and ulnar heads of the PTM. METHODS: For the present study, 100 upper limbs from human cadavers from the anatomy laboratory were dissected. Forty-six specimens were male and four, female, whose aged ranged from 28 to 77 years; 27 were white and 23, non-white. A pilot study consisting of six hands from three fresh cadaver dissections was conducted to familiarize the authors with the local anatomy; these were not included in the present study...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
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