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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212816/social-science-s-curious-war-with-pop-culture-and-how-it-was-lost-the-media-violence-debate-and-the-risks-it-holds-for-social-science
#1
REVIEW
Christopher J Ferguson, Eugene Beresin
For nearly half a century, psychologists, pediatricians and psychiatrists have studied the potential impact of media violence on aggression and societal violence, particularly among youth. Despite hundreds of studies, scholars have failed to find consensus on potential effects. Nonetheless, professional organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Psychological Association have released policy statements conclusively linking violent media to societal concerns. In reaction, some scholars have accused these professional groups of distorting evidence and failing to inform the public of the inconsistent nature of studies in this field...
February 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#2
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209546/pyogenic-granuloma-possible-cause-for-macroscopic-hematuria-in-children
#3
Fadi Zu'bi, Akram Assadi, Benjamin Hardak, Yaniv Zohar, Ina Naroditsky, Sobhi Abadi, Pinhas M Livne
Pyogenic Granuloma is a benign vascular tumor that rarely reported in the urinary tract of pediatric population. Herein we present a case of a child followed for recurrent painless macroscopic hematuria. We performed ureteroscopy, and a whitish lesion was discovered in the upper calyx of the right kidney. The lesion resected endoscopically, and microscopic examination of the lesion was consistent with Pyogenic Granuloma. It is important for pediatricians and urologists to properly recognize Pyogenic Granuloma as a possible source of hematuria in the pediatric population...
February 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209292/cholesterol-screening-and-treatment-practices-and-preferences-a-survey-of-united-states-pediatricians
#4
Sarah D de Ferranti, Angie Mae Rodday, Susan K Parsons, William L Cull, Karen G O'Connor, Stephen R Daniels, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVES: To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds. STUDY DESIGN: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled. RESULTS: Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable about the 2008 AAP cholesterol statement; fewer were well-informed about 2011 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Guidelines or 2007 US Preventive Service Task Force review (both 26%)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198791/influenza-vaccination-rate-and-reasons-for-non-vaccination-in-children-with-cardiac-disease
#5
Gilat Livni, Alina Wainstein, Einat Birk, Gabriel Chodick, Itzhak Levy
BACKGROUND: Influenza is major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide. It poses a risk of complications in children with cardiac disease. Influenza vaccine is considered the most effective and safe means of preventing the disease. The aims of this study were to determine the rate of influenza vaccination in children with cardiac disease and to identify the reasons for failure to vaccinate in this patient population. METHODS: The study group included 186 children and their parents who attended the cardiology institute of a tertiary pediatric medical center between September and October 2012...
February 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193109/child-neurology-education-for-pediatric-residents
#6
Dara V F Albert, Anup D Patel, Maria Behnam-Terneus, Beatriz Cunill-De Sautu, Nicole Verbeck, Alisa McQueen, H Barrett Fromme, John D Mahan
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the current state of child neurology education during pediatric residency provides adequate preparation for pediatric practice. A survey was sent to recent graduates from 3 pediatric residency programs to assess graduate experience, perceived level of competence, and desire for further education in child neurology. Responses from generalists versus subspecialists were compared. The response rate was 32%, half in general pediatric practice. Only 22% feel very confident in approaching patients with neurologic problems...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192579/infectious-diseases-and-immunizations-in-international-adoption
#7
Emily Obringer, Linda Walsh
Children who are adopted internationally have an increased risk of infectious diseases due to endemic conditions and variable access to preventive health care, such as vaccines, in their country of origin. Pediatricians and other providers who care for children should be familiar with the recommended screening for newly arrived international adoptees. Testing for gastrointestinal pathogens, tuberculosis, hepatitis, syphilis, and HIV should be routinely performed. Other endemic diseases and common skin infections may need to be assessed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188950/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-in-a-neonate-case-report
#8
Pari Zarrini, Ziba Mosayebi, Asghar Ramyar, Hosein Dalili
 Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a syndrome of pathologic immune activation, occurring as either a familial disorder or a sporadic condition, in association with a variety of triggers. This article will introduce a neonate with HLH in Iran. We report a case of HLH presenting with respiratory distress and fever, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice and pancytopenia on the second day of life. Typical clinical and laboratory findings were detected in the neonate. HLH was diagnosed according to HLH-2004 guidelines...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188943/evaluating-awareness-of-pediatricians-and-general-practitioners-on-transformation-of-the-health-system-in-iran
#9
Sepideh Masoud, Gilda Rajabi, Farnaz Delavari, Nima Rezaei
In orders to promote the level of healthcare in societies, governments try to have different policies to transform the health system. The aim of this study was to measure the level of awareness of practitioners in Iran, after initiating the new transformation of the health system in the country, starting from May 2014. This is a descriptive-cross-sectional study, which was inducted in October 2014. The study population consists of 208 physicians who attended the 26th International Congress of Pediatrics in Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186713/fetal-alcohol-research-caring-for-patients-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-a-needs-assessment
#10
Vincent C Smith, Phillip Matthias, Yasmin N Senturias, Renee M Turchi, Janet F Williams
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is the United States' most common preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and developmental disabilities collectively referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify gaps in pediatric providers' knowledge and practices regarding FASD patient identification, diagnosis, management and referral, and to inform needs-based FASD resource development. METHODS: Pediatric providers (pediatricians, trainees, nurse practitioners) were exposed to survey links embedded in newsletters electronically distributed to the membership of two national professional societies...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186051/evaluation-of-electronic-prescribing-decision-support-system-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital-the-user-acceptance-perspective
#11
Abdurahman Omar, Johan Ellenius, Synnöve Lindemalm
This study aims to evaluate pediatrician's acceptance, perception and use of Electronic Prescribing Decision Support Systems (EPDSS) at a tertiary care using Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM2). Qualitative research methodology was applied. Semi-structured questions were developed according to TAM2 model. Pediatricians perceived that the EPDSS is useful and they showed a favorable attitude. However, perceived ease of use and output quality appeared to affect use of EPDSS. Concerns were expressed about complicated screens, difficulty to read and view medication overview of the patient, the navigation requires many clicks and medication system don't meet their need...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185760/why-we-need-a-higher-suspicion-index-of-urolithiasis-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Stefano Guarino, Andrea Apicella, Angela La Manna, Cesare Polito
BACKGROUND: Most children with symptoms of urolithiasis and urinary solute excretion abnormalities leading to stone formation have no calculi revealed by ultrasound or X-ray plain film ("occult urolithiasis"). This covers a large group of children presenting with common symptoms such as abdominal pain, hematuria, and dysuria, often faced by general practitioners and pediatricians. However, half or more of children with urolithiasis could present with abdominal/flank pain without specific urinary symptoms...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185294/coexistence-of-subdural-hematoma-and-a-rare-cardiopathy-in-an-infant-etiological-and-french-medicolegal-discussion
#13
Lucile Tuchtan, Catherine Lebreton-Chakour, Barthélemy Tosello, Marjolaine Oger, Marie-Dominique Piercecchi-Marti, Christophe Bartoli
During legal proceedings following the unexpected death of an infant, the magistrate calls on an expert to clarify the causes of death and to decide on the course to be taken. A report was made following the death of a 7-month-old baby girl after recovery from cardiac arrest when investigations of the cause revealed a subdural hematoma (SDH). We discuss the interconnection of these two entities and their role in the lethal process. In this infant, two distinct lesions with medicolegal implications were simultaneously present: on the one hand histiocytoid cardiopathy, and on the other hand SDH, which could result from ill-treatment...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183190/online-information-seeking-behaviors-of-parents-of-children-with-adhd
#14
Adam Sage, Delesha Carpenter, Robyn Sayner, Kathleen Thomas, Larry Mann, Sandy Sulzer, Adrian Sandler, Betsy Sleath
This article describes ( a) parent questions about ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder), ( b) parent Internet use to seek ADHD information, and ( c) associations between type of Internet access and ADHD information-seeking. Seventy parents of children (ages 7-17 years) with ADHD completed questionnaires after their child's visit with their pediatrician. Bivariate relationships were assessed using chi-square statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients, or t tests. Parents identified an average of 8...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178434/fever-phobia-as-a-reason-for-pediatric-emergency-department-visits-does-the-primary-care-physician-make-a-difference
#15
Erella Elkon-Tamir, Ayelet Rimon, Dennis Scolnik, Miguel Glatstein
BACKGROUND: Fever is a source of considerable parental anxiety. Numerous studies have also confirmed similar anxiety among health care workers. This study analyzed caregiver knowledge of fever, and beliefs concerning children with a febrile illness, with an emphasis on the referring physician. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 caregivers of children 3 months to 12 years old, treated at an urban tertiary care pediatric emergency department for fever...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170312/problem-video-gaming-among-children-enrolled-in-tertiary-weight-management-programs
#16
Sam Stubblefield, George Datto, Thao-Ly T Phan, Lloyd N Werk, Kristin Stackpole, Robert Siegel, William Stratbucker, Jared M Tucker, Amy L Christison, Jobayer Hossain, Douglas A Gentile
Prior studies show seven percent to nine percent of children demonstrate gaming behaviors that affect a child's ability to function (e.g., problem gaming), but none have examined the association between problem gaming and weight status. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of problem gaming among children enrolled in tertiary weight management programs. We administered a computer-based survey to a convenience sample of children aged 11-17 years enrolled in five geographically diverse pediatric weight management (PWM) programs in the COMPASS (Childhood Obesity Multi-Program Analysis and Study System) network...
February 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167006/development-and-evaluation-of-the-littlears-%C3%A2-early-speech-production-questionnaire-leespq
#17
Bianka Wachtlin, Joanna Brachmaier, Edda Amann, Vanessa Hoffmann, Annerose Keilmann
OBJECTIVE: Universal Newborn Hearing Screening programs, now instituted throughout the German-speaking countries, allow hearing loss to be detected and treated much earlier than ever before. With this earlier detection, arises the need for tools fit for assessing the very early speech and language production development of today's younger (0-18 month old) children. We have created the LittlEARS(®) Early Speech Production Questionnaire, with the aim of meeting this need. METHODS: 600 questionnaires of the pilot version of the LittlEARS(®) Early Speech Production Questionnaire were distributed to parents via pediatricians' practices, day care centers, and personal contact...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166593/impact-of-rare-bleeding-disorders-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-review-of-29-pregnancies-at-a-single-center
#18
Gokcen Orgul, Fatih Aktoz, M Sinan Beksac
Objective This study aims to give information about the relationship between different types of factor deficiencies and maternal/obstetric outcomes. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of eight women with factor deficiency disorders. The demographic and clinical features of the patients after their last pregnancies were registered retrospectively. Results There were 29 pregnancies among the 8 patients. The spontaneous abortion rate was relatively high in two patients with factor XIII deficiency (80% and 57...
February 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163788/a-cross-sectional-study-of-happiness-and-smoking-cessation-among-parents
#19
Jeremy E Drehmer, Bethany Hipple, Deborah J Ossip, Emara Nabi-Burza, Jonathan P Winickoff
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation among adults is associated with increased happiness. This association has not been measured in parents, a subset of adults who face uniquely stressful and challenging circumstances that can affect happiness. AIMS: To determine if parental smoking cessation is associated with increased happiness and to identify characteristics of parental quitters who experience increased happiness. METHODS: 1355 parents completed a 12-month follow-up interview from a U...
March 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161816/identification-of-clinicopathological-spectrum-platelet-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-complex-and-platelet-antibodies-in-egyptian-children-with-glanzmann-s-thrombasthenia
#20
Asmaa M Zahran, Khaled Saad, Khalid I Elsayh, Mohamd A Alblihed, Mostafa Embaby
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare genetic bleeding disorder. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinicopathological spectrum of this syndrome and to study the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex and platelet antibodies by flow cytometry in a cohort of children with GT in a tertiary care center in Upper Egypt. Forty children with GT were assessed for the expression of GPIIb-IIIa on the platelet surface and platelet antibodies by using flow cytometry, to determine the most common GT subtypes among Egyptian children...
February 4, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
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