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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#1
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929090/echocardiographic-assessment-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-for-pediatricians-and-neonatologists
#2
REVIEW
Gregory James Skinner
There is a growing awareness of the role that increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) plays in many pathologies; therefore, assessment of pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) is an increasingly requested investigation in the critical care environment. This article will go through the basic concepts regarding PAP and PVR, then will go on to outline the various echocardiographic parameters which are used to assess them. Finally, an outline of how to undertake this assessment will be presented.
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#3
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927940/chronic-school-absenteeism-and-the-role-of-adverse-childhood-experiences
#4
Hilary Stempel, Matthew Cox-Martin, Michael Bronsert, L Miriam Dickinson, Mandy A Allison
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between chronic school absenteeism and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among school-aged children. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health including children 6-17 years old. The primary outcome variable was chronic school absenteeism (> 15 days absent in past year). We examined the association between chronic school absenteeism and ACEs using logistic regression with weighting for individual ACEs, summed ACE score, and latent class analysis of ACEs...
September 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927776/-gluten-is-the-information-available-on-the-internet-valid
#5
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927495/preventing-myopia
#6
Wolf A Lagrèze, Frank Schaeffel
BACKGROUND: Nearsightedness (myopia) has become more common around the world recently, mainly because of changes in visual, educational, and recreational behavior. The question arises how the risk of myopia and its progression can be reduced. This would lessen the prevalence and severity of myopia and also lower the risk of secondary diseases that impair visual acuity. METHODS: The PubMed/Medline database was selectively searched for pertinent literature. RESULTS: The risk of myopia is lowered by exposure to daylight and increased by activities performed at short visual distances (close-up work)...
September 4, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926775/geographic-and-demographic-correlates-of-autism-related-anti-vaccine-beliefs-on-twitter-2009-15
#7
Theodore S Tomeny, Christopher J Vargo, Sherine El-Toukhy
This study examines temporal trends, geographic distribution, and demographic correlates of anti-vaccine beliefs on Twitter, 2009-2015. A total of 549,972 tweets were downloaded and coded for the presence of anti-vaccine beliefs through a machine learning algorithm. Tweets with self-disclosed geographic information were resolved and United States Census data were collected for corresponding areas at the micropolitan/metropolitan level. Trends in number of anti-vaccine tweets were examined at the national and state levels over time...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924357/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-do-the-responsible-for-screening-know-what-to-do
#8
Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E Souza, Tiago Evangelista de Melo, Thiago Mattos Resende, Rafaela Clara Resende da Silva, Soraya Amanda Cruz, Valdeci Manoel de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge on developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by professionals involved in its diagnosis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to assess the knowledge about DDH. Orthopedic surgeons and pediatricians, residents and medical students from a tertiary teaching hospital were included in the study. RESULTS: We evaluated 142 medical students, eight orthopedic residents, ten pediatric residents, seven pediatricians, and nine orthopedic surgeons; 50% declared not having examined any DDH case in the last year and only three had diagnosed more than 10 cases during their career...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924063/adolescent-and-young-adult-tattooing-piercing-and-scarification
#9
Cora C Breuner, David A Levine
Tattoos, piercing, and scarification are now commonplace among adolescents and young adults. This first clinical report from the American Academy of Pediatrics on voluntary body modification will review the methods used to perform the modifications. Complications resulting from body modification methods, although not common, are discussed to provide the pediatrician with management information. Body modification will be contrasted with nonsuicidal self-injury. When available, information also is presented on societal perceptions of body modification...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#10
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924061/pediatrician-competency-in-breastfeeding-support-has-room-for-improvement
#11
Joan Younger Meek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#12
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916928/newborn-screening-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#13
Lan Yang, Jiajia Chen, Bairong Shen
As newborn screening success stories gained general confirmation during the past 50 years, scientists quickly discovered diagnostic tests for a host of genetic disorders that could be treated at birth. Outstanding progress in sequencing technologies over the last two decades has made it possible to comprehensively profile newborn screening (NBS) and identify clinically relevant genomic alterations. With the rapid developments in whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and whole-exome sequencing (WES) recently, we can detect newborns at the genomic level and be able to direct the appropriate diagnosis to the different individuals at the appropriate time, which is also encompassed in the concept of precision medicine...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914856/-the-russian-consensus-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-pancreatitis-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#14
I E Khatkov, I V Maev, D S Bordin, Yu A Kucheryavyi, S R Abdulkhakov, S A Alekseenko, E I Alieva, R B Alikhanov, I G Bakulin, A Yu Baranovsky, E V Beloborodova, E A Belousova, I M Buriev, E V Bystrovskaya, S V Vertyankin, L V Vinokurova, E I Galperin, A V Gorelov, V B Grinevich, M V Danilov, V V Darvin, E A Dubtsova, T G Dyuzheva, V I Egorov, M G Efanov, N V Zakharova, V E Zagainov, V T Ivashkin, R E Izrailov, N V Korochanskaya, E A Kornienko, V L Korobka, N Yu Kokhanenko, M A Livzan, I D Loranskaya, K A Nikolskaya, M F Osipenko, A V Okhlobystin, V D Pasechnikov, E Yu Plotnikova, S I Polyakova, O A Sablin, V I Simanenkov, N I Ursova, V V Tsvirkun, V V Tsukanov, A V Shabunin
Pancreatology Club Professional Medical Community, 1A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 2A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow; 3Kazan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Kazan; 4Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan; 5Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Khabarovsk; 6Morozov City Children's Clinical Hospital, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 7I...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914731/academic-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-faculty-at-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-research-network-sites-changing-composition-and-interests
#15
Nancy Roizen, Ruth E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Pamela High, Marilyn C Augustyn, Nathan J Blum
OBJECTIVE: To obtain and review workforce data, given the critical demand for developmental pediatricians (DPs). METHODS: Survey of demographics and professional activities of DP physician faculty at Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) Research Network fellowship training sites. RESULTS: Of the eligible providers at 12 centers, 76% (n = 50) completed surveys. They were on average 50 years old and mostly female (86%), white (82%), and working full time (74%)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913814/child-with-abdominal-pain
#16
Rajalakshmi Iyer, Karthi Nallasamy
Abdominal pain is one of the common symptoms reported by children in urgent care clinics. While most children tend to have self-limiting conditions, the treating pediatrician should watch out for underlying serious causes like intestinal obstruction and perforation peritonitis, which require immediate referral to an emergency department (ED). Abdominal pain may be secondary to surgical or non-surgical causes, and will differ as per the age of the child. The common etiologies for abdominal pain presenting to an urgent care clinic are acute gastro-enteritis, constipation and functional abdominal pain; however, a variety of extra-abdominal conditions may also present as abdominal pain...
September 15, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906253/latest-insights-on-food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-an-emerging-medical-condition
#17
REVIEW
L Vila Sexto
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity, characterized by profuse vomiting, frequently associated to pallor or/and lethargy that appears within 1 to 3 hours after ingestion of the offending food. There is a less frequent chronic form of FPIES, presenting with protracted vomiting, diarrhea or both, accompanied by poor growth. Although FPIES is considered a rare allergic disorder, in the last few years there have been an increasing number of reports about it indicating if not a real increase in incidence, at least an increased awareness of this condition by pediatricians...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900771/health-concerns-and-health-service-utilization-in-a-population-cohort-of-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Jonathan A Weiss, Barry Isaacs, Heidi Diepstra, Andrew S Wilton, Hilary K Brown, Caitlin McGarry, Yona Lunsky
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have many health needs that place demands on the health service sector. This study used administrative data to compare health profiles in young adults 18-24 years of age with ASD to peers with and without other developmental disability. Young adults with ASD were more likely to have almost all the examined clinical health issues and health service use indicators compared to peers without developmental disability. They were more likely to have at least one psychiatric diagnosis, and visit the family physician, pediatrician, psychiatrist, and emergency department for psychiatric reasons, compared to peers with other developmental disability...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899531/sleep-disorders-and-allergic-diseases-in-chinese-toddlers
#19
Xu Wang, Xiang Gao, Qian Yang, Xia Wang, Shenghui Li, Fan Jiang, Jun Zhang, Fengxiu Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: Optimal sleep is important for child growth, development, and immune function. We aimed to explore whether sleep disorders were associated with the risk of allergic diseases in Chinese toddlers. METHODS: This study included 566 children (aged 23.9 ± 0.7 months; 51.1% boys) in Shanghai, China. Sleep parameters (total sleep time, sleep onset latency, nocturnal awaking and snoring) were assessed by an expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ-expanded)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895712/-recommendations-for-the-prevention-of-organic-foreign-bodies-aspiration
#20
Hugo Rodríguez, Giselle Cuestas, Darío Gregori, Giulia Lorenzoni, Susana Tortosa, Máximo Rodríguez D'Aquila, Juan A Rodríguez D'Aquila, Sandra Carrera, Desiderio Passali
Foreign body aspiration remains a common and potentially serious pediatric problem. Most aspirated foreign bodies are food. The education of parents and caregivers about choking hazards and how to avoid them is critical to reduce the incidence of these events. The pediatricians play a key role in promoting injury prevention. We indicate the main characteristics of hazardous food and we present recommendations on age-appropriate meals, adequate forms of food preparation and behavioral rules at mealtimes in order to reduce food choking...
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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