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Competency-based medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343203/developing-the-professional-competence-of-future-doctors-in-the-instructional-setting-of-higher-medical-educational-institutions
#1
Halyna Yu Morokhovets, Yuliia V Lysanets
INTRODUCTION: The main objectives of higher medical education is the continuous professional improvement of physicians to meet the needs dictated by the modern world both at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. In this respect, the system of higher medical education has undergone certain changes - from determining the range of professional competences to the adoption of new standards of education in medicine. AIM: The article aims to analyze the parameters of doctor's professionalism in the context of competence-based approach and to develop practical recommendations for the improvement of instruction techniques...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333819/practice-bulletin-no-177-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#2
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333811/practice-bulletin-no-177-summary-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#3
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328976/high-school-science-fair-and-research-integrity
#4
Frederick Grinnell, Simon Dalley, Karen Shepherd, Joan Reisch
Research misconduct has become an important matter of concern in the scientific community. The extent to which such behavior occurs early in science education has received little attention. In the current study, using the web-based data collection program REDCap, we obtained responses to an anonymous and voluntary survey about science fair from 65 high school students who recently competed in the Dallas Regional Science and Engineering Fair and from 237 STEM-track, post-high school students (undergraduates, 1st year medical students, and 1st year biomedical graduate students) doing research at UT Southwestern Medical Center...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#5
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306323/a-feasibility-assessment-of-behavioral-based-interviewing-to-improve-candidate-selection-for-a-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-fellowship-program
#6
Geneva Tatem, Maria Kokas, Cathy L Smith, Bruno DiGiovine
Traditional interviews for residency and fellowship training programs are an important component in the selection process, but can be of variable value due to a non-standardized approach. We redesigned the candidate interview process for our large pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship program in the United States using a behavioral-based interview structure. The primary goal of this approach was to standardize the assessment of candidates within non-cognitive domains with the goal of selecting those with the best fit for our institution's fellowship program...
March 17, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298155/the-state-of-leadership-education-in-us-medical-schools-results-of-a-national-survey
#7
Sabrina M Neeley, Brian Clyne, Daniel Resnick-Ault
Over the past two decades, there have been increasing calls for physicians to develop the capabilities to lead health care transformation. Many experts and authors have suggested that leadership education should begin during medical school; however, little information exists regarding the presence or nature of undergraduate medical education leadership curricula in the USA. This study sought to determine the prevalence of formal leadership education in US undergraduate medical schools, as well as the delivery methods and degree of student participation...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293676/how-much-gk-is-in-the-nklm-a-comparison-between-the-catalogues-of-exam-relevant-topics-gk-and-the-german-national-competence-based-learning-objectives-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm
#8
Olaf Fritze, Jan Griewatz, Elisabeth Narciß, Thomas Shiozawa, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Maria Lammerding-Koeppel
Background: The German National Competence-Based Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) being adopted in 2015 is designed to contribute to improve the quality of teaching and learning in medicine with respect to competence orientation. For departments, the coherence between teaching, assessment and the content of the catalogues of exam-relevant topics (GK) is a crucial factor. Before making use of the NKLM seriously in curricular development, many faculties demand more transparency regarding the representation in the NKLM of GK topics and in what aspects the NKLM exceeds the GK...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293674/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-i-conducive-resources-and-structures
#9
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After passing of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine (Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, [NKLM, retrieved on 22.03.2016]), the German medical faculties must take inventory and develop their curricula. NKLM contents are expected to be present, but not linked well or sensibly enough in locally grown curricula. Learning and examination formats must be reviewed for appropriateness and coverage of the competences. The necessary curricular transparency is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping, combined with effective change management...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293673/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-ii-key-factors-for-motivating-the-faculty-during
#10
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After adoption of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine [Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, NKLM], the German medical faculties are asked to test the learning obejctives recorded in it and evaluate them critically. The faculties require curricular transparency for competence-oriented transition of present curricula, which is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping in comparison to the NKLM. Based on this inventory, curricula can be further developed target-oriented...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292501/indian-health-service-pharmacists-engaged-in-opioid-safety-initiatives-and-expanding-access-to-naloxone
#11
Hillary Duvivier, Samantha Gustafson, Morgan Greutman, Tenzin Jangchup, Ashlee Knapp Harden, Aimee Reinhard, Keith Warshany
OBJECTIVE: To develop effective pharmacy-based interventions to mitigate harm from opioid use disorders. Programs include responsible opioid prescribing, expanded access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT), naloxone, and community interventions. SETTING: Clinical pharmacists practicing at Indian Health Service (IHS) locations in the Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions. These pharmacists serve culturally diverse American Indian populations throughout the United States and interface with tribal and federal programs to impact the opioid epidemic in Indian Country...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#12
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291495/an-assessment-of-national-emt-certification-among-enlisted-military-medics
#13
Stephen Harper, Remle Crowe, Melissa Bentley, Chetan Kharod, Benjamin Walrath
BACKGROUND: Navy Hospital Corpsmen (HMs) are the Navy equivalent to Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) both in-garrison and on the battlefield. In 2000, the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Education Agenda for the Future highlighted the need for a single certification agency to provide consistent evaluation of entry level competence for each nationally recognized EMS provider level. Administered by the National Registry of EMTs (NREMT), National EMT Certification is currently utilized by 46 states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and six federal organizations as part of their processes for granting licensure...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290953/chief-of-residents-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-recipe-for-a-new-role-in-graduate-medical-education
#14
Kelly Ferraro, Randall Zernzach, Stephen Maturo, Christopher Nagy, Rebecca Barrett
INTRODUCTION: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) is the largest group of residency programs in the Department of Defense. In an effort to provide improved Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QI/PS) training for its residents, SAUSHEC created the position of Chief of QI/PS for Residents in the academic year 2014-2015. The Chief of QI/PS for Residents was based in the Internal Medicine residency program but also assisted with SAUSHEC-wide QI/PS projects...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290747/clinicians-perceptions-of-pharmacogenomics-use-in-psychiatry
#15
Christopher Yi Wen Chan
AIM: This study aims to assess the attitudes and opinions of clinicians practicing in psychiatry toward pharmacogenomic testing, and in so doing elicits possible barriers and risks to employ this technology in patient care. MATERIALS & METHODS: Doctors and pharmacists presently practicing in psychiatry were invited to participate in an anonymous web-based survey. Besides information on participant characteristics and experience in psychiatry, specific themes on pharmacogenomics including self-assessed competency, perceived usefulness in clinical situations, perceived risks and preferred mode of education were evaluated...
March 14, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281837/competency-milestones-for-medical-students-design-implementation-and-analysis-at-one-medical-school
#16
Kimberly D Lomis, Regina G Russell, Mario A Davidson, Amy E Fleming, Cathleen C Pettepher, William B Cutrer, Geoffrey M Fleming, Bonnie M Miller
Competency-based assessment seeks to align measures of performance directly with desired learning outcomes based upon the needs of patients and the healthcare system. Recognizing that assessment methods profoundly influence student motivation and effort, it is critical to measure all desired aspects of performance throughout an individual's medical training. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) defined domains of competency for residency; the subsequent Milestones Project seeks to describe each learner's progress toward competence within each domain...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281137/corr-%C3%A2-curriculum-orthopaedic-education-competency-based-medical-education-how-do-we-get-there
#17
Paul J Dougherty, Pamela Andreatta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275609/the-domains-of-human-nutrition-the-importance-of-nutrition-education-in-academia-and-medical-schools
#18
Lorenzo M Donini, Francesco Leonardi, Mariangela Rondanelli, Giuseppe Banderali, Maurizio Battino, Enrico Bertoli, Alessandra Bordoni, Furio Brighenti, Riccardo Caccialanza, Giulia Cairella, Antonio Caretto, Hellas Cena, Manuela Gambarara, Maria Gabriella Gentile, Marcello Giovannini, Lucio Lucchin, Pietro Migliaccio, Francesco Nicastro, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Luca Piretta, Danilo Radrizzani, Carla Roggi, Giuseppe Rotilio, Luca Scalfi, Roberto Vettor, Federico Vignati, Nino C Battistini, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Human nutrition encompasses an extremely broad range of medical, social, commercial, and ethical domains and thus represents a wide, interdisciplinary scientific and cultural discipline. The high prevalence of both disease-related malnutrition and overweight/obesity represents an important risk factor for disease burden and mortality worldwide. It is the opinion of Federation of the Italian Nutrition Societies (FeSIN) that these two sides of the same coin, with their sociocultural background, are related to a low "nutritional culture" secondary, at least in part, to an insufficient academic training for health-care professionals (HCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274982/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-clinical-pharmacology-selective-learning-experience-for-pharmacy-residents-and-medical-students
#19
Garrett E Schramm, Prasanna P Narayanan, Darryl S Chutka, Wayne T Nicholson
PURPOSE: The implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective (CPS) learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students is described. SUMMARY: The opportunity for pharmacy residents to provide didactic lectures at a college of pharmacy and to develop teaching and preceptor skills with experiential pharmacy students may be limited by institution-specific affiliations and geographic location. In order to overcome these barriers, the Mayo Clinic Hospital postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency program implemented an interprofessional learning experience in which pharmacy residents serve the role of preceptors for first- and second-year medical students on a CPS...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272535/european-registration-process-for-clinical-laboratory-geneticists-in-genetic-healthcare
#20
Thomas Liehr, Isabel M Carreira, Dilek Aktas, Egbert Bakker, Marta Rodríguez de Alba, Domenico A Coviello, Lina Florentin, Hans Scheffer, Martina Rincic
Tremendous progress in genetics and genomics led to a wide range of healthcare providers, genetic tests, and more patients who can benefit from these developments. To guarantee and improve the quality of genetic testing, a unified European-based registration for individuals qualified in biomedicine was realized. Therefore a Europe-wide recognition of the profession 'European registered Clinical Laboratory Geneticist (ErCLG)' based on a syllabus of core competences was established which allows for harmonization in professional education...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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