keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Competency-based medical education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#1
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549405/twelve-tips-for-the-implementation-of-epas-for-assessment-and-entrustment-decisions
#2
Harm Peters, Ylva Holzhausen, Christy Boscardin, Olle Ten Cate, H Carrie Chen
The concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) reframes the approach to assessment in competency-based medical education. Key to this concept is the linking of assessment to decision making about entrusting learners with clinical responsibilities. Based on recent literature and the authors' experiences with implementing EPAs, this article provides practical recommendations for how to implement EPAs for assessment and entrustment decisions in the workplace. Tips for supervising clinicians include talking to learners about trust, using EPA descriptions to guide learning and teaching, providing learners with greater ad hoc responsibilities, using EPAs to identify/create opportunities for assessment and feedback, including case-based discussions and acknowledging gut feelings about learner readiness for more autonomy...
May 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538983/assocation-of-a-surgical-task-during-training-with-team-skill-acquisition-among-surgical-residents-the-missing-piece-in-multidisciplinary-team-training
#3
Jessica L Sparks, Dustin L Crouch, Kathryn Sobba, Douglas Evans, Jing Zhang, James E Johnson, Ian Saunders, John Thomas, Sarah Bodin, Ashley Tonidandel, Jeff Carter, Carl Westcott, R Shayn Martin, Amy Hildreth
Importance: The human patient simulators that are currently used in multidisciplinary operating room team training scenarios cannot simulate surgical tasks because they lack a realistic surgical anatomy. Thus, they eliminate the surgeon's primary task in the operating room. The surgical trainee is presented with a significant barrier when he or she attempts to suspend disbelief and engage in the scenario. Objective: To develop and test a simulation-based operating room team training strategy that challenges the communication abilities and teamwork competencies of surgeons while they are engaged in realistic operative maneuvers...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534277/how-do-small-groups-make-decisions-a-theoretical-framework-to-inform-the-implementation-and-study-of-clinical-competency-committees
#4
Saad Chahine, Sayra Cristancho, Jessica Padgett, Lorelei Lingard
In the competency-based medical education (CBME) approach, clinical competency committees are responsible for making decisions about trainees' competence. However, we currently lack a theoretical model for group decision-making to inform this emerging assessment phenomenon. This paper proposes an organizing framework to study and guide the decision-making processes of clinical competency committees.This is an explanatory, non-exhaustive review, tailored to identify relevant theoretical and evidence-based papers related to small group decision-making...
May 22, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532631/competency-based-medical-education-and-assessment-of-training-review-of-selected-national-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-curricula
#5
Milena Garofalo, Rajesh Aggarwal
There are global variations in obstetrics and gynaecology (OBGYN) training curricula, both in length and in their structure and content. The ultimate goal for all residency programs is to ensure a skilled, competent physician, capable of independent practice by the end of his or her training. An online search was used for nationally recognized OBGYN training curricula. The curricula of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States were individually reviewed and evaluated for their use of competency-based medical education and methods of assessment, including simulation...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532552/nephrology-education-and-continuing-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#6
REVIEW
Tushar J Vachharajani, Aminu K Bello, Rhys Evans, Gavin Dreyer, Quentin Eichbaum
Nephrology training programs in high-income countries have transitioned from an apprenticeship model to a well-structured, resource-driven model that supports continual professional development. In contrast, in low- and middle-income countries, medical training and in particular nephrology training has lagged behind owing to resource limitations. Some of the challenges to adequately provide training to health care professionals in low- and middle-income countries include shortage of teaching faculty, difficulty in developing curricula to meet regional needs, and a lack of resources to provide competency-based medical education...
May 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523117/evaluation-of-pediatric-residents-attitudes-toward-ethical-conflict-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#7
Maliheh Kadivar, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Shiva Shayestefar
Ethical conflicts are recognized as critical aspects in assessing competence in clinical communication. Moreover, pediatrics residents may face more problems, compared to other disciplines; due to the specific characteristics of the age group receiving services as well as the presence of their families. This study has been conducted with the aim of determining the attitude and perspective of pediatric residents toward ethical conflicts in the field of pediatrics. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on all residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (90 residents), selected through census method, in 2014...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521768/development-of-a-written-assessment-for-a-national-interprofessional-cardiotocography-education-program
#8
Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen, Jette Led Sorensen
BACKGROUND: To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the program. The aim of this article was to describe and discuss the test development process and to introduce a feasible method for written test development in general. METHODS: The test development was based on the unitary approach to validity. The process involved national consensus on learning objectives, standardized item writing, pilot testing, sensitivity analyses, standard setting and evaluation of psychometric properties using Item Response Theory models...
May 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516341/fairness-the-hidden-challenge-for-competency-based-postgraduate-medical-education-programs
#9
Colleen Y Colbert, Judith C French, Mary Elizabeth Herring, Elaine F Dannefer
Competency-based medical education systems allow institutions to individualize teaching practices to meet the needs of diverse learners. Yet, the focus on continuous improvement and individualization of curricula does not exempt programs from treating learners in a fair manner. When learners fail to meet key competencies and are placed on probation or dismissed from training programs, issues of fairness may form the basis of their legal claims. In a literature search, we found no in-depth examination of fairness...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511730/simulation-in-canadian-postgraduate-emergency-medicine-training-a-national-survey
#10
Evan Russell, Andrew Koch Hall, Carly Hagel, Andrew Petrosoniak, Jeffrey Damon Dagnone, Daniel Howes
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based education (SBE) is an important training strategy in emergency medicine (EM) postgraduate programs. This study sought to characterize the use of simulation in FRCPC-EM residency programs across Canada. METHODS: A national survey was administered to residents and knowledgeable program representatives (PRs) at all Canadian FRCPC-EM programs. Survey question themes included simulation program characteristics, the frequency of resident participation, the location and administration of SBE, institutional barriers, interprofessional involvement, content, assessment strategies, and attitudes about SBE...
May 17, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508802/knowledge-engineering-as-a-component-of-the-curriculum-for-medical-cybernetists
#11
Sergey Karas, Arthur Konev
According to a new state educational standard, students who have chosen medical cybernetics as their major must develop a knowledge engineering competency. Previously, in the course "Clinical cybernetics" while practicing project-based learning students were designing automated workstations for medical personnel using client-server technology. The purpose of the article is to give insight into the project of a new educational module "Knowledge engineering". Students will acquire expert knowledge by holding interviews and conducting surveys, and then they will formalize it...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502973/the-job-competency-of-radiological-technologists-in-korea-based-on-specialists-opinion-and-questionnaire-survey
#12
Chang-Seon Lim, Yang-Sub Lee, Yong-Dae Lee, Hyun-Soo Kim, Gye-Hwan Jin, Seong-Youl Choi, Yera Hur
Purpose: Although there are over 40,000 licensed radiological technologists (RTs) in Korea, job competency standards have yet to be defined. This study aims to clarify the job competency of Korean RTs. Methods: A task force team of 11 professional RTs were recruited in order to analyze the job competency of domestic and international RTs. A draft for the job competency of Korean RTs was prepared. A survey was then conducted sampling RTs and the attitudes of their competencies were recorded from May 21 to July 30, 2016...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498034/assessment-of-resident-physicians-communicator-and-collaborator-competencies-by-interprofessional-clinicians-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Lyn K Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Carol S Hodgson, YongQiang Yu, Sharla King
Phenomenon: As we move toward competency-based medical education, greater emphasis is being placed on assessing a more comprehensive skill set, including the ability to communicate and collaborate effectively in the workplace. Nonphysician members on interprofessional (IP) teams have valuable perspectives on actual resident performance and are often not adequately engaged in the provision of feedback to residents. Based on the educational theories of collaborative evaluation and social constructivism, this research examined the ability of IP clinicians to provide feedback to residents...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493429/trust-and-risk-a-model-for-medical-education
#14
Arvin Damodaran, Boaz Shulruf, Philip Jones
CONTEXT: Health care delivery, and therefore medical education, is an inherently risky business. Although control mechanisms, such as external audit and accreditation, are designed to manage risk in clinical settings, another approach is 'trust'. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) represents a deliberate way in which this is operationalised as a workplace-based assessment. Once engaged with the concept, clinical teachers and medical educators may have further questions about trust...
May 10, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472986/multiple-strategy-peer-taught-evidence-based-medicine-course-in-a-poor-resource-setting
#15
Ammar Sabouni, Yamama Bdaiwi, Saad L Janoudi, Lubaba O Namous, Tarek Turk, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Fatima Abbas, Ruba Zuhri Yafi
BACKGROUND: Teaching Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is becoming a priority in the healthcare process. For undergraduates, it has been proved that integrating multiple strategies in teaching EBM yields better results than a single, short-duration strategy. However, there is a lack of evidence on applying EBM educational interventions in developing countries. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a multiple strategy peer-taught online course in improving EBM awareness and skills among medical students in two developing countries, Syria and Egypt...
May 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472417/the-impact-of-specific-fertility-treatments-on-cognitive-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#16
Alice R Rumbold, Vivienne M Moore, Melissa J Whitrow, Tassia K Oswald, Lisa J Moran, Renae C Fernandez, Kurt T Barnhart, Michael J Davies
STUDY QUESTION: Does fertility treatment influence cognitive ability in school aged children, and does the impact vary with the type of treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: The available high-quality evidence indicates that specific treatments may give rise to different effects on cognitive development, with certain treatments, including ICSI, associated with cognitive impairment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous reviews of the literature concerning cognitive outcomes among children conceived with medical assistance have concluded that study findings are generally 'reassuring', but limited attention has been paid to the quality of this research...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471581/training-physicians-toward-a-dignifying-approach-in-adolescents-health-care-a-promising-simulation-based-medical-education-program
#17
Daniel Hardoff, Assaf Gefen, Doron Sagi, Amitai Ziv
BACKGROUND: Human dignity has a pivotal role within the health care system. There is little experience using simulation-based medical education (SBME) programs that focus on human dignity issues in doctor-patient relationships. OBJECTIVES: To describe and assess a SBME program aimed at improving physicians' competence in a dignifying approach when encountering adolescents and their parents. METHODS: A total of 97 physicians participated in 8 one-day SMBE workshops that included 7 scenarios of typical adolescent health care dilemmas...
August 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469315/fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-an-entrustable-professional-activity-in-cytopathology-postgraduate-training
#18
Harresh B Kumar, Amir M Khan, Vinod K Arora, Navjeevan Singh
CONTEXT: In the context of competency-based medical education being advocated worldwide, fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is considered as an entrustable professional activity (EPA). There is no information regarding how much time and training are required to achieve a "competent level" for performing and documenting FNAB in the Indian context. AIM: To determine the time taken by an average postgraduate pathology trainee to become competent in performing FNAB with respect to history taking, clinical examination, and fine needle aspirate adequacy...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464300/accp-clinical-pharmacist-competencies
#19
Joseph J Saseen, Toni L Ripley, Deborah Bondi, John M Burke, Lawrence J Cohen, Sarah McBane, Karen J McConnell, Bryan Sackey, Cynthia Sanoski, Anahit Simonyan, Jodi Taylor, Joseph P Vande Griend
The purpose of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) is to advance human health by extending the frontiers of clinical pharmacy. Consistent with this mission and its core values, ACCP is committed to ensuring that clinical pharmacists possess the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors necessary to deliver comprehensive medication management (CMM) in team-based, direct patient care environments. These components form the basis for the core competencies of a clinical pharmacist and reflect the competencies of other direct patient care providers...
May 2, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463897/how-do-thresholds-of-principle-and-preference-influence-surgeon-assessments-of-learner-performance
#20
Tavis Apramian, Sayra Cristancho, Alp Sener, Lorelei Lingard
OBJECTIVE: The present study asks whether intraoperative principles are shared among faculty in a single residency program and explores how surgeons' individual thresholds between principles and preferences might influence assessment. BACKGROUND: Surgical education continues to face significant challenges in the implementation of intraoperative assessment. Competency-based medical education assumes the possibility of a shared standard of competence, but intersurgeon variation is prevalent and, at times, valued in surgical education...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
keyword
keyword
71238
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"