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Shoulder review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635084/primary-tumor-sites-in-relation-to-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-skin-visibility-correlate-with-survival-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#1
Daniela Gordon, Johan Hansson, Sandra Eloranta, Max Gordon, Peter Gillgren, Karin E Smedby
The prognostic value of detailed anatomic site and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure patterns has not been fully determined in cutaneous melanoma. Thus, we reviewed medical records for detailed site in a population-based retrospective Swedish patient cohort diagnosed with primary invasive melanoma 1976 - 2003 (n=5,973). We followed the patients from date of diagnosis until death, emigration or December 31(st) 2013, and evaluated melanoma-specific survival by subsite in a multivariable regression model adjusting for established prognostic factors...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630217/effectiveness-of-conservative-interventions-including-exercise-manual-therapy-and-medical-management-in-adults-with-shoulder-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#2
REVIEW
Ruedi Steuri, Martin Sattelmayer, Simone Elsig, Chloé Kolly, Amir Tal, Jan Taeymans, Roger Hilfiker
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of conservative interventions for pain, function and range of motion in adults with shoulder impingement. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. DATA SOURCES: Medline, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase and PEDro were searched from inception to January 2017. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials including participants with shoulder impingement and evaluating at least one conservative intervention against sham or other treatments...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624240/bipolar-bone-loss-in-patients-with-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-a-comparison-of-adolescents-versus-adult-patients
#3
Brian C Lau, Devin Conway, Patrick F Curran, Brian T Feeley, Nirav K Pandya
PURPOSE: To compare bipolar bone loss by evaluating the degree of glenoid bone loss, Hill-Sachs lesion size, and glenoid track in adolescents and adults with shoulder dislocations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review between 2012 and 2016 of surgical and nonsurgical patients with a history of anterior shoulder dislocations (primary or recurrent) who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the affected shoulder. The exclusion criteria included multidirectional instability, prior surgery, and posterior dislocation...
June 14, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624239/functional-outcome-and-healing-of-large-and-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-repaired-with-a-load-sharing-rip-stop-construct
#4
Matthew P Noyes, Alexandre Ladermann, Patrick J Denard
PURPOSE: To prospectively review functional outcomes and healing rates of large and massive rotator cuff tears repaired with a load-sharing rip-stop (LSRS) technique. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with an LSRS construct between January and December 2014. Seventeen patients with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up were included. Four patients did not complete clinical evaluations and functional outcome scores at a minimum of 2 years' follow-up and were lost to follow-up...
June 14, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623106/the-role-of-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-surgery-for-lung-cancer-a-literature-review
#6
F Kendall, P Abreu, P Pinho, J Oliveira, P Bastos
This review aims to appraise the role of physiotherapy care in patients submitted to pulmonary surgery, in preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative phases. Pulmonary surgery is the gold standard treatment for patients with lung cancer if it is completely resectable. However, the major impairments and complications induced by surgery are well known. Physiotherapy has been regularly used both in the preparation of the surgical candidates; in their functional recovery in the immediate postoperative period, and in the medium/long term but there is a lack of concise evidence-based recommendations...
June 13, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617519/pain-and-opioid-use-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-injectable-liposomal-bupivacaine-versus-interscalene-block
#7
Marc R Angerame, John A Ruder, Susan M Odum, Nady Hamid
Postoperative pain control is a significant concern after total shoulder arthroplasty. Injectable periarticular liposomal bupivacaine, which has been found to decrease opioid use after orthopedic procedures, has been proposed as a viable alternative to regional anesthesia. This study compared the efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine vs interscalene block among patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty. A retrospective review was conducted of 79 patients who underwent anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon between January 2013 and April 2015...
June 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616048/molecular-biology-of-frozen-shoulder-induced-limitation-of-shoulder-joint-movements
#8
REVIEW
Jiaming Cui, Wei Lu, Yong He, Luoyong Jiang, Kuokuo Li, Weimin Zhu, Daping Wang
Frozen shoulder is a chronic condition characterized by pain in the shoulder and restriction of movements in all directions. Some patients are left with long-term limitation of shoulder joint activity with various severities, which results in reduced quality of life. Currently, there is a paucity of literature on the molecular biology of frozen shoulder, and the molecular biological mechanism for periarthritis-induced limitation of shoulder joint movements remains unclear. Research in this field is focused on inflammation and cytokines associated with fibrosis...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609921/first-report-of-the-genus-i-tettigonia-i-linnaeus-orthoptera-tettigoniidae-tettigoniinae-and-record-of-i-tettigonia-i-i-caudata-i-i-caudata-i-charpentier-1842-from-india
#9
Rajendra Nagar, R Swaminathan
The genus Tettigonia Linnaeus (Tettigoniidae; Tettigoniinae) with the type species, Gryllus (Tettigonia) viridissima Linnaeus, 1758 belongs to the tribe Tettigoniini, which is represented by 15 genera and 27 species worldwide (Cigliano et al., 2017). According to the annotated checklist, the subfamily Tettigoniinae includes the only tribe Platycleidini Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1893 with 2 genera and 3 species as reported from India by Shishodia et al. (2010). In a review of Orthoptera from the Eastern Palearctic region, the genus Tettigonia Linnaeus was reported by Storozhenko (1994); additionally, some new species of Tettigonia have been described by Ogawa (2003), Greenwalt and Rust (2014), Chobanov et al...
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#10
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605734/cervical-spine-aneurysmal-bone-cysts-in-the-pediatric-population-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Matthew Protas, Lydia W Jones, Juan Pablo Sardi, Christian Fisahn, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Cervical spine aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) in pediatric patients have not been thoroughly studied. Using PubMed and Google Scholar, a systematic review of the literature was conducted for publications that included patients aged ≤15 years with a confirmed diagnosis of ABC in the cervical spine. Thirty-five studies with a total of 71 patients met the inclusion criteria. Nearly 80% of patients presented with neck or shoulder pain. The axis was the level most frequently involved (34.28%), followed by C5 (24...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603376/effectiveness-of-massage-therapy-for-shoulder-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Young-Ran Yeun
[Purpose] This study performed an effect-size analysis of massage therapy for shoulder pain. [Subjects and Methods] The database search was conducted using PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, RISS, NDSL, NANET, DBpia, and KoreaMed. The meta-analysis was based on 15 studies, covering a total of 635 participants, and used a random effects model. [Results] The effect size estimate showed that massage therapy had a significant effect on reducing shoulder pain for short-term efficacy (SMD: -1.08, 95% CI: -1.51 to -0...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601490/is-the-simple-shoulder-test-a-valid-outcome-instrument-for-shoulder-arthroplasty
#13
Jason E Hsu, Stacy M Russ, Jeremy S Somerson, Anna Tang, Winston J Warme, Frederick A Matsen
BACKGROUND: The Simple Shoulder Test (SST) is a brief, inexpensive, and widely used patient-reported outcome tool, but it has not been rigorously evaluated for patients having shoulder arthroplasty. The goal of this study was to rigorously evaluate the validity of the SST for outcome assessment in shoulder arthroplasty using a systematic review of the literature and an analysis of its properties in a series of 408 surgical cases. METHODS: SST scores, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey scores, and satisfaction scores were collected preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601489/is-the-subscapularis-normal-after-the-open-latarjet-procedure-an-isokinetic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation
#14
Alexandre Caubère, Damien Lami, Pascal Boileau, Sébastien Parratte, Matthieu Ollivier, Jean-Noël Argenson
BACKGROUND: The Latarjet procedure is considered to be a violation of the subscapularis muscle. This study evaluated the postoperative status of the subscapularis through isokinetic and magnetic resonance imaging analysis after splitting. We hypothesized that compared with a healthy contralateral shoulder, there would be satisfactory recovery of subscapularis strength at the cost of some fatigability and some mild fatty infiltration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control retrospective study of patients who underwent a Latarjet procedure between January 2013 and January 2015...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600371/the-optimal-screening-for-prediction-of-referral-and-outcome-ospro-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions-a-longitudinal-validation-cohort-from-the-usa
#15
Steven Z George, Jason M Beneciuk, Trevor A Lentz, Samuel S Wu
PURPOSE: There is an increased need for determining which patients with musculoskeletal pain benefit from additional diagnostic testing or psychologically informed intervention. The Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome (OSPRO) cohort studies were designed to develop and validate standard assessment tools for review of systems and yellow flags. This cohort profile paper provides a description of and future plans for the validation cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=440) with primary complaint of spine, shoulder or knee pain were recruited into the OSPRO validation cohort via a national Orthopaedic Physical Therapy-Investigative Network...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594082/acneiform-eruptions-caused-by-vitamin-b12-a-report-of-five-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stefano Veraldi, Susanna Benardon, Marco Diani, Mauro Barbareschi
We describe five cases of acneiform eruption caused by vitamin B12 in five females aged 37, 32, 62, 29, and 21 years, respectively. The eruption appeared from 1 week to 5 months after the beginning of the therapy with i.m. or oral vitamin B12. Clinical picture was characterized by papules and pustules located on the face. In three patients, similar lesions were also present on the neck, shoulders, chest, and upper portion of the back. Comedones and cysts were absent. In two patients, serum vitamin B12 levels were very high...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588656/measurement-of-combined-glenoid-and-hill-sachs-lesions-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#17
Dominique M Rouleau, Laurianne Garant-Saine, Fanny Canet, Emilie Sandman, Jérémie Ménard, Julien Clément
BACKGROUND: Recurrent glenohumeral anterior instability (RGAI) frequently induces combined glenoid and Hill-Sachs bone lesions and is a risk factor for soft tissue repair failure. This cohort study describes a simple preoperative quantification method for bone loss, the Clock method, the first that combines glenoid and humeral lesions. METHODS: Computed tomography scans of 34 shoulders with RGAI were twice reviewed by three independent observers, who measured bone lesions using the new Clock method and existing validated methods...
July 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588655/how-should-i-fixate-the-subscapularis-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-of-pertinent-subscapularis-repair-biomechanics
#18
REVIEW
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Charles T Crellin, Eric C McCarty, Jonathan T Bravman
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to review the biomechanical outcomes of subscapularis repair techniques during total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) to assist in clinical decision making. METHODS: A systematic review of multiple databases was performed by searching PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and all databases within EBSCOhost to find biomechanical studies of subscapularis repair techniques in cadaveric models of TSA. RESULTS: Nine studies met the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588109/finnish-subacromial-impingement-arthroscopy-controlled-trial-fimpact-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial-comparing-arthroscopic-subacromial-decompression-and-diagnostic-arthroscopy-placebo-control-with-an-exercise-therapy-control-in-the-treatment-of-shoulder
#19
Mika Paavola, Antti Malmivaara, Simo Taimela, Kari Kanto, Teppo Ln Järvinen
INTRODUCTION: Arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) is the most commonly performed surgical intervention for shoulder pain, yet evidence on its efficacy is limited. The rationale for the surgery rests on the tenet that symptom relief is achieved through decompression of the rotator cuff tendon passage. The primary objective of this superiority trial is to compare the efficacy of ASD versus diagnostic arthroscopy (DA) in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS), where DA differs only by the lack of subacromial decompression...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585076/redefining-anterior-shoulder-impingement-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Gregory Cunningham, Alexandre Lädermann
Many different types of impingements have been described in the shoulder. Inasmuch as the term 'shoulder impingement' usually refers to subacromial impingement, anterior impingement usually refers to subcoracoid impingement. However, there are many different subtypes of anterior impingements in the shoulder, and awareness of their existence is critical as they vary in their nature and treatment. Recent advances in biomechanical research and arthroscopic exploration of the anterior structures of the shoulder have brought new insights on the various potential impingements, warranting a revision and update of the current definitions of anterior shoulder impingement...
June 6, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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