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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353390/image-based-analysis-of-emotional-facial-expressions-in-full-face-transplants
#1
Merve Bedeloglu, Çagdas Topcu, Arzu Akgul, Ela Naz Döger, Refik Sever, Ozlenen Ozkan, Omer Ozkan, Hilmi Uysal, Ovunc Polat, Omer Halil Çolak
In this study, it is aimed to determine the degree of the development in emotional expression of full face transplant patients from photographs. Hence, a rehabilitation process can be planned according to the determination of degrees as a later work. As envisaged, in full face transplant cases, the determination of expressions can be confused or cannot be achieved as the healthy control group. In order to perform image-based analysis, a control group consist of 9 healthy males and 2 full-face transplant patients participated in the study...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353379/coagulase-negative-staphylococci-are-associated-to-the-mild-inflammatory-pattern-of-healthcare-associated-meningitis-a-retrospective-study
#2
S Couffin, D Lobo, F Cook, P H Jost, V Bitot, R Birnbaum, B Nebbad, B Aït-Mamar, W Lahiani, M Martin, G Dhonneur, R Mounier
The epidemiology of healthcare-associated meningitis (HAM) is dominated by commensal bacteria from the skin, as coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS). We hypothesized that the pauci-symptomatic and mild inflammatory patterns of HAM are related to the low pathogenic state of CoNS. Our aim was to describe clinical and biological features of CoNS HAM, compared to other HAM. All consecutive patients with HAM admitted in our hospital were retrospectively included from 2007 to 2014. HAM due to CoNS were compared to HAM caused by other bacteria (controls) for clinical and laboratory patterns...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353274/postoperative-immobilization-following-occipitocervical-fusion-in-the-pediatric-population-outcome-evaluation-and-review-of-literature
#3
Alexandre R Pingarilho, Paulo M Porto de Melo, Samer K Elbabaa
The scientific literature does not have a consensus about the role and method of postoperative immobilization after occipitocervical fusion in the pediatric population. The primary goal of this study is to review the medical literature and evaluate different immobilization methods and their impact on fusion, following the surgical management of craniocervical instability in children. It started with an extensive research of randomized controlled trials, series of cases and case reports, describing occipitocervical junction pathologies, clinical, epidemiological characteristics, and treatment...
January 20, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353152/tgf%C3%AE-c-509t-tgf%C3%AE-t869c-xrcc1-arg194trp-ikb%C3%AE-c642t-il4-c-590t-genetic-polymorphisms-combined-with-socio-economic-lifestyle-diet-factors-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-in-south-indian-population
#4
Dhayalan Pavithra, Majumdar Gautam, Ranganathan Rama, Rajaraman Swaminathan, Gopisetty Gopal, Ayyalur Seshadri Ramakrishnan, Thangarajan Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is worldwide the third major cause of cancer related death. Risk factors for gastric cancer includes Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric ulcer, less hygienic condition, use of tobacco, alcohol consumption, use of salted, smoked food, genetic alterations etc. In order to identify the risk factors associated with gastric cancer in South Indian population a case-control study involving 200 proven gastric cancer cases and 400 controls was conducted. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to interview all the subjects who participated in our study...
January 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353131/dermatoglyphic-patterns-on-fingers-and-gynecological-cancers
#5
Sakineh Abbasi, Mina Rasouli
OBJECTIVES: Fingerprints have so far been used for determining the basis of certain malignant diseases, with positive outcomes. Considering the high rates of cancer-related mortality in Iran, this study was conducted for the purpose of examining the dermatoglyphic pattern of fingers in patients with gynecological cancers as compared to healthy people. STUDY DESIGN: The present study was conducted on 151 women with gynecological cancers as the case group and 152 healthy women with no history of such cancers as control group...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353127/physical-comorbidities-increase-the-risk-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-immune-mediated-inflammatory-disease
#6
Ruth Ann Marrie, Randy Walld, James M Bolton, Jitender Sareen, John R Walker, Scott B Patten, Alexander Singer, Lisa M Lix, Carol A Hitchon, Renée El-Gabalawy, Alan Katz, John D Fisk, Charles N Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested the association between physical comorbidity and incident depression, anxiety disorder and bipolar disorder in three immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID): inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) versus age-, sex- and geographically-matched controls. METHODS: Using population-based administrative data we identified 6119 persons with IBD, 3514 persons with MS, 10,206 persons with RA and 97,727 matched controls...
January 11, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353124/projecting-environmental-suitable-areas-for-malaria-transmission-in-china-under-climate-change-scenarios
#7
Samuel Hundessa, Shanshan Li, De Li Liu, Jinpeng Guo, Yuming Guo, Wenyi Zhang, Gail Williams
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of imported malaria cases in China has increased over recent years, and has presented challenges for the malaria elimination program in China. However, little is known about the geographic distribution and environmental suitability for malaria transmission under projected climate change scenarios. METHODS: Using the MaxEnt model based on malaria presence-only records, we produced environmental suitability maps and examined the relative contribution of topographic, demographic, and environmental risk factors for P...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353004/leishmania-tropica-isolates-from-non-healed-and-healed-patients-in-iran-a-molecular-typing-and-phylogenetic-analysis
#8
Mehdi Bamorovat, Iraj Sharifi, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi, Sana Eybpoosh, Saeid Nasibi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Ahmad Khosravi
The precise identification of the parasite species causing leishmaniasis is essential for selecting proper treatment modality. The present study aims to compare the nucleotide variations of the ITS1, 7SL RNA, and Hsp70 sequences between non-healed and healed anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) patients in major foci in Iran. A case-control study was carried out from September 2015 to October 2016 in the cities of Kerman and Bam, in the southeast of Iran. Randomly selected skin-scraping lesions of 40 patients (20 non-healed and 20 healed) were examined and the organisms were grown in a culture medium...
January 15, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352990/low-socioeconomic-condition-and-the-risk-of-dengue-fever-a-direct-relationship
#9
Elaine Cristina Farinelli, Oswaldo Santos Baquero, Celso Stephan, Francisco Chiaravalloti-Neto
This study aimed to characterize the first dengue fever epidemic in Várzea Paulista, São Paulo, Brazil, and its spatial and spatio-temporal distribution in order to assess the association of socioeconomic factors with dengue occurrence. We used autochthonous dengue cases confirmed in a 2007 epidemic, the first reported in the city, available in the Information System on Diseases of Compulsory Declaration database. These cases where geocoded by address. We identified spatial and spatio-temporal clusters of high- and low-risk dengue areas using scan statistics...
January 15, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352812/usefulness-of-a-visual-aid-in-achieving-optimal-positioning-for-spinal-anesthesia-a-randomized-trial
#10
Usha Gurunathan, Shakeel Meeran Kunju, Karen Elizabeth Hay, Sharyn van Alphen
BACKGROUND: Optimal patient positioning is perceived as an essential factor to increase the success of performing neuraxial blockade. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the benefit of using a visual image in addition to verbal instructions in order to optimize positioning for spinal block. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial on 85 adult patients undergoing lower limb joint replacements at a tertiary academic hospital. Group 1(n = 43) randomized to receive standardized verbal instructions; Group 2 (n = 42) received standardized verbal instructions in conjunction with visual aids to achieve positioning for spinal anesthesia...
January 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352755/a-mos1-transposase-in-vivo-assay-to-screen-new-hiv-1-integrase-inhibitors
#11
Mariana Cancian, Elgion L S Loreto
The integrase and transposase enzymes of retrovirus and transposons, respectively, share the catalytic DDE domain. In vitro assays showed that inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase generally inhibit the mariner Mos1 transposase. Using a Drosophila strain in which the mobilisation of the mariner element can be quantified by mosaic eyes, we showed that flies maintained in medium containing 210 µM to 4 mM of raltegravir, or 1 or 2 mM of dolutegravir, which are HIV-1 integrase inhibitor used in AIDS treatment, have 23-33% less somatic mobilisation in mosaic eyes when treated with raltegravir and 28-32% when treated with dolutegravir...
January 19, 2018: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352666/handling-processing-and-disposal-of-stem-cell-products-in-europe-a-survey-by-the-cellular-therapy-and-immunobiology-working-party-of-the-european-society-for-blood-and-marrow-transplantation
#12
Andreas Holbro, Helen Baldomero, Francesco Lanza, Christian Chabannon, John A Snowden, Andreas Buser, Laura Infanti, Nina Worel, Anna Sureda, Manuela Badoglio, Jakob Passweg, Chiara Bonini
BACKGROUND: There is considerable heterogeneity in processing of stem cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation across Europe. The Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy (FACT)-Joint Accreditation Committee International Society for Cellular Therapy and European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) (JACIE) standards provide minimum guidelines that, however, leave room for significant variations in practices at the individual transplantation center (TC)...
January 15, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352627/indications-and-limits-of-stereoelectroencephalography-seeg
#13
REVIEW
Lorella Minotti, Alexandra Montavont, Julia Scholly, Louise Tyvaert, Delphine Taussig
Epilepsy surgery is now an accepted treatment to achieve seizure control in carefully selected patients, both children and adults, suffering from drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Although surgical strategies can often be defined on the basis of non-invasive diagnostic procedures, and despite the recent advances in this field, an increasing number of more complex cases requires invasive EEG (iEEG) to provide precise information on the localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ), its relationships with eloquent cortex (EC), and the feasibility of a tailored surgical resection...
January 15, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352599/-detection-of-chlamydia-abortus-in-bovine-reproductive-losses-in-the-province-of-la-pampa-argentina
#14
María Del C Rojas, Marcelo Fort, Simone Bettermann, Carolina Entrocassi, Sixto R Costamagna, Konrad Sachse, Marcelo Rodríguez Fermepin
Reproductive losses linked to an infectious etiology in bovine cattle are a major economic concern worldwide. In Argentina, more than 50% of abortion cases have unknown causes. Species belonging to Chlamydiaceae family are frequent etiologic agents of abortion around the world; however, there is yet no information on their prevalence in Argentina. The objective of this work was to identify Chlamydia spp., and particularly C. abortus in reproductive losses from bovine cattle in La Pampa, Argentina. Real time PCR targeting Chlamydiaceae-specific DNA fragments was performed on 251 samples obtained from bovine abortions and stillborns, and ArrayTube was used for species identification on positive samples...
January 16, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352556/what-causes-psychosis-an-umbrella-review-of-risk-and-protective-factors
#15
Joaquim Radua, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, John P A Ioannidis, Abraham Reichenberg, Nacharin Phiphopthatsanee, Taha Amir, Hyi Yenn Thoo, Dominic Oliver, Cathy Davies, Craig Morgan, Philip McGuire, Robin M Murray, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Psychosis is a heterogeneous psychiatric condition for which a multitude of risk and protective factors have been suggested. This umbrella review aimed to classify the strength of evidence for the associations between each factor and psychotic disorders whilst controlling for several biases. The Web of Knowledge database was searched to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies which examined associations between socio-demographic, parental, perinatal, later factors or antecedents and psychotic disorders, and which included a comparison group of healthy controls, published from 1965 to January 31, 2017...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352460/pelvic-floor-muscle-function-and-quality-of-life-in-post-menopausal-women-with-and-without-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#16
Isabella Parente Ribeiro Frota, Adriana Bombonato Oliveira Rocha, José Ananias Vasconcelos Neto, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Thais Fontes De Magalhaes, Sara Arcanjo Lino Karbage, Kathiane Lustosa Augusto, Simony Lira Do Nascimento, Jorge Millem Haddad, Leonardo Robson Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
This study aims to compare pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function in post-menopause women with and without pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) and the relationship between PFM function and quality of life MATERIAL AND METHODS: a case-control study with 216 post-menopause women with (n=126) and without PFD (n=90). PFM function was assessed by digital vaginal palpation using PERFECT scale. Specific quality of life was evaluated by King's Health Questionnaire for women with urinary incontinence and Prolapse Quality-of-Life Questionnaire for women with pelvic organ prolapse...
January 20, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352394/scarce-evidence-of-ozone-effect-on-recent-health-and-productivity-of-alpine-forests-a-case-study-in-trentino-n-italy
#17
Marco Ferretti, Giovanni Bacaro, Giorgio Brunialti, Mauro Confalonieri, Fabiana Cristofolini, Antonella Cristofori, Luisa Frati, Angelo Finco, Giacomo Gerosa, Simona Maccherini, Elena Gottardini
We investigated the significance of tropospheric ozone as a factor explaining recent tree health (in terms of defoliation) and productivity (in terms of basal area increment, BAI) in 15 ICP Forests level I and one level II plots in alpine forests in Trentino (N. Italy). Mean daily ozone summer concentrations varied between 30 and 72 parts per billion (ppb) leading to large exceedance of concentration-based critical levels set to protect forest trees. Phytoxic ozone dose (POD0) estimated at the level II plot over the period 1996-2009 was 31-61 mmol m-2 projected leaf area (PLA)...
January 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352350/groundwater-quality-assessment-in-semi-arid-regions-using-integrated-approaches-the-case-of-grombalia-aquifer-ne-tunisia
#18
Siwar Kammoun, Rim Trabelsi, Viviana Re, Kamel Zouari, Jihed Henchiri
As many arid and semi-arid regions in the Mediterranean Basin, the Grombalia coastal aquifer (NE Tunisia) is affected by severe groundwater exploitation and contamination. Therefore, quality assessments are becoming increasingly important as the long-term protection of water resources is at stake. Multidisciplinary investigations, like the one presented in this paper, are particularly effective in identifying the different origins of mineralization within an aquifer and investigating the impact of anthropogenic activities on groundwater quality...
January 19, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352322/qportal-a-platform-for-data-driven-biomedical-research
#19
Christopher Mohr, Andreas Friedrich, David Wojnar, Erhan Kenar, Aydin Can Polatkan, Marius Cosmin Codrea, Stefan Czemmel, Oliver Kohlbacher, Sven Nahnsen
Modern biomedical research aims at drawing biological conclusions from large, highly complex biological datasets. It has become common practice to make extensive use of high-throughput technologies that produce big amounts of heterogeneous data. In addition to the ever-improving accuracy, methods are getting faster and cheaper, resulting in a steadily increasing need for scalable data management and easily accessible means of analysis. We present qPortal, a platform providing users with an intuitive way to manage and analyze quantitative biological data...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352278/factors-associated-with-cervical-precancerous-lesions-among-women-screened-for-cervical-cancer-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#20
Hirut Teame, Adamu Addissie, Wondimu Ayele, Selamawit Hirpa, Alem Gebremariam, Gdiom Gebreheat, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women in the developing countries including Ethiopia. Precancerous lesions can be developed and risk to the development of cervical cancer over time. Early identification of the precancerous lesion and its risk factor is paramount in preventing cervical cancer. However, the determinants of cervical precancerous lesions are not well documented in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is conducted to determine factors associated with cervical precancerous lesion among women screened for cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
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