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Calcific Tendonitis

Salvatore Gitto, Anna Guja Draghi, Chandra Bortolotto, Ferdinando Draghi
This review aims to provide the radiologist with simple and systematic guidelines for evaluation of the Achilles tendon after complete rupture repair. Currently, there is a plethora of nonsurgical and surgical treatments, but sonographic examination has shown no significant differences between them. A systematic analysis of several parameters (morphologic characteristics, structure, color Doppler vascularization, and mobility) should be undertaken. Morphologically, the repaired tendon is larger, wider, or both...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
S E Varitimidis, Z H Dailiana, D Christou, K Grafanaki, M G Ioannou, C Stathopoulos, K N Malizos
This study investigates the histological background of torn rotator cuff tendons, evaluates the stability of newly synthesized collagen by measuring the hydro-xyproline content and attempts to correlate these findings with the clinical outcome after reconstruction of the rotator cuff. Sixty-one patients underwent reconstruction for a -rotator cuff tear. They were evaluated preoperatively with the Constant-Murley score, MRI and ultrasound. Biopsy samples were taken from chronic rotator cuff tears and histological analysis was performed...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Yong-Taek Yt Lee, Kyung Jae Yoon, Chul-Hyun Ch Park, Joon-Youn Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Fernando Comba, Nicolás S Piuzzi, José Ignacio Oñativia, Gerardo Zanotti, Martín Buttaro, Francisco Piccaluga
BACKGROUND: Calcific deposits in tendon, muscles, and periarticular areas are very common. Heterotopic ossification of the rectus femoris (HORF) is a rare condition, and several theories exist regarding the etiopathogenesis, which appears to be multifactorial with traumatic, genetic, and local metabolic factors involved. Although HORF typically responds to nonoperative treatment, when this approach fails, endoscopic treatment is a minimally invasive technique to address the pathology...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Marco Becciolini, Giovanni Bonacchi, Stefano Galletti
Calcific tendinopathy of the shoulder is a common condition caused by calcium hydroxyapatite crystals, affecting the tendons of the rotator cuff. Among uncommon complication, one is the migration of the calcium in the subacromion-subdeltoid bursa. More rare is the intraosseous migration. We present four cases of an even more rare condition, not well described in literature yet, the intramuscular migration of calcium.
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
Johannes Zwerver, Charlotte Waugh, Henk van der Worp, Alex Scott
Shockwave treatments are commonly used in the management of tendon injuries and there is increasing evidence for its clinical effectiveness. There is a paucity of fundamental (in vivo) studies investigating the biological action of shockwave therapy. Destruction of calcifications, pain relief and mechanotransduction-initiated tissue regeneration and remodeling of the tendon are considered to be the most important working mechanisms. The heterogeneity of systems (focussed shockwave therapy vs. radial pressurewave therapy), treatment protocols and study populations, and the fact that there seem to be responders and non-responders, continue to make it difficult to give firm recommendations with regard to the most optimal shockwave therapy approach...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Jonathan Rees, Jamie E Gaida, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Johannes Zwerver, Joseph S Anthony, Alex Scott
Exercise is crucial in the management of diabetes mellitus and its associated complications. However, individuals with diabetes have a heightened risk of musculoskeletal problems, including tendon pathologies. Diabetes has a significant impact on the function of tendons due to the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products in the load-bearing collagen. In addition, tendon vascularity and healing may be reduced due to diabetes-induced changes in the peripheral vascular system, and impaired synthesis of collagen and glycosaminoglycan...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Francesco Oliva, Eleonora Piccirilli, Anna C Berardi, Umberto Tarantino, Nicola Maffulli
Tendinopathies have a multifactorial etiology driven by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Recent studies have elucidated the importance of thyroid hormones in the alteration of tendons homeostasis and in the failure of tendon healing after injury. The effects of thyroid hormones are mediated by receptors (TR)-α and -β that seem to be ubiquitous. In particular, T3 and T4 play an antiapoptotic role on tenocytes, causing an increase in vital tenocytes isolated from tendons in vitro and a reduction of apoptotic ones; they are also able to influence extra cellular matrix proteins secretion in vitro from tenocytes, enhancing collagen production...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Michele Abate, Vincenzo Salini, Isabel Andia
Congenital metabolic disorders are consequence of defects involving single genes that code for enzymes. Blocking metabolic pathways, the defect leads to the shortage of essential compounds, and/or to the accumulation of huge quantities of precursors, which interfere with normal functions. Only few of these diseases are characterized by a clinically significant tendon involvement.Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolaemia results from the inheritance of a mutant low-density lipoprotein receptor gene; patients show high cholesterol levels, precocious coronary artery disease, and may develop tendon xanthomata (mainly in Achilles tendon)...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Tadao Morino, Tadanori Ogata, Hideki Horiuchi, Shintaro Yamaoka, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Hiromasa Miura
BACKGROUND: We report 8 years of follow-up after decompression to treat cervical myelopathy in a patient with Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS). CLS is a rare X-linked semidominant syndrome associated with growth and psychomotor retardation, general hypotonia, and skeletal abnormalities. In this patient, the spinal cord was compressed by calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition in the cervical yellow ligament (YL). To date, only 1 report has described clinical features after surgery for calcified cervical YL in CLS...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Warwick Chan, Helen Emily Chase, John G Cahir, Neil Patrick Walton
A 37-year-old man presented to the acute knee and sports medicine clinic with atraumatic lateral knee pain. He had point tenderness over the lateral aspect of his knee which had not settled with anti-inflammatory medications. Imaging revealed a large opaque lesion lateral to the knee and although there was no clear mechanism, injury to the posterolateral corner was considered. An MRI subsequently revealed a rare case of calcific tendinitis to the biceps femoris tendon insertion. This condition was self-limiting and did not require interventions such as steroid injections...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Sevin Barghan, Mehrnaz Tahmasbi Arashlow, Madhu K Nair
Objective. To define the presence and prevalence of incidental findings in and around the base of skull from large field-of-view CBCT of the maxillofacial region and to determine their clinical importance. Methods. Four hundred consecutive large fields of view CBCT scans viewed from January 1, 2007, to January 1, 2014, were retrospectively evaluated for incidental findings of the cervical vertebrae and surrounding structures. Findings were categorized into cervical vertebrae, intracranial, soft tissue, airway, carotid artery, lymph node, and skull base findings...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
Jiaji Yue, Shanzi Jin, Yaqiang Li, Li Zhang, Wenwei Jiang, Chunxi Yang, Jiang Du
Tendon calcification has been widely regarded by researchers to result from the osteogenic differentiation of Tendon-Derived Stem Cells (TDSCs) and ectopic mineralization caused by the calcification of cellular matrix. Recent studies have revealed a correlation between the Mg(2+)/Ca(2+) balance and the degeneration or calcification of tendon tissues. Furthermore, the ATP-P2X/P2Y receptor pathway has been shown to play a decisive role in the process of calcification, with calcium exportation from mitochondria and calcium oscillations potentially representing the cohesive signal produced by this pathway...
September 9, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
U Dorn, F Landauer, T Hofstaedter
Gluteal tendinopathy as well as partial and full-thickness tears of gluteal tendons (gluteus minimus and/or medius tendon) were underestimated as a cause of chronic pain in the past, and treatment was most commonly based on the diagnosis of trochanteric bursitis. Tendinous pathologies can either stay asymptomatic or cause pain and muscular dysfunction, not necessarily being associated with osteoarthritis of the hip 1. As the terminus "rotator cuff tear of the hip" was published in 1997 2, its aetiopathogenesis was reconsidered, resulting in improvements in diagnosis and treatment...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Ariel A Williams, Thomas S Stang, Jan Fritz, Derek F Papp
Calcific tendinitis is a relatively rare condition in which calcium is inappropriately deposited in tendons, resulting in a local inflammatory reaction that can cause severe symptoms in certain cases. The cause of this disease process is not completely understood, although repetitive microtrauma likely plays a role in its development. Although the disorder most often involves the rotator cuff, it can affect other structures throughout the body, such as the tendons about the ankle and hip-including the rectus femoris and gluteus maximus...
September 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Kristian Johansson, Lasse Lempainen, Janne Sarimo, Tiina Laitala-Leinonen, Sakari Orava
BACKGROUND: the origin of chronic Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is currently unclear and epidemiological factors, such as ethnicity, may be associated. METHODS: intraoperative findings from the treatment of 865 Finnish and 156 Italian athletic patients with chronic Achilles tendon related pain were evaluated, retrospectively. The mean age was 34 years (range, 18 to 65 years) in the Finnish and 29 years (range, 17-63 years) in the Italian patients. In total, 786 patients were males and 226 females of which 84 and 87% Finnish, respectively...
January 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Kim Gordon Ingwersen, John Hjarbaek, Henrik Eshoej, Camilla Marie Larsen, Jette Vobbe, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
AIM: To evaluate the inter-rater reliability of measuring structural changes in the tendon of patients, clinically diagnosed with supraspinatus tendinopathy (cases) and healthy participants (controls), on ultrasound (US) images captured by standardised procedures. METHODS: A total of 40 participants (24 patients) were included for assessing inter-rater reliability of measurements of fibrillar disruption, neovascularity, as well as the number and total length of calcifications and tendon thickness...
2016: BMJ Open
Hannae Jo, Gowun Kim, Sora Baek, Hee-Won Park
We report a case of calcific tendinopathy of the gluteus medius initially misdiagnosed as a lumbar herniated intervertebral disc. It was successfully treated with barbotage under ultrasonographic guidance finally. A 56-year-old woman was referred to interventional pain clinic for right hip pain due to an L5-S1 disc herniation. Serial L5 and S1 spinal nerve root blocks and epidural steroid injections were administered. However, pain relief was sustained only for a very short period. Plain radiography of the right hip revealed a solid calcific nodule at adjacent to the insertion site of the gluteus medius tendon...
April 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jong Wook Park, Ji Hye Hwang, Yoo Seong Choi, Sang Jun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To assess the therapeutic effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in lateral epicondylopathy with calcification, and compare it to the effect of ESWT in lateral epicondylopathy without calcification. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Forty-three patients (19 with calcific and 24 with noncalcific lateral epicondylopathy in ultrasound imaging) were included. Clinical evaluations included the 100-point score, Nirschl Pain Phase scale before and after ESWT, and Roles and Maudsley (R&M) scores after ESWT...
April 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chi-Fen Hsieh, Paolo Alberton, Eva Loffredo-Verde, Elias Volkmer, Matthias Pietschmann, Peter Müller, Matthias Schieker, Denitsa Docheva
AIM: Currently there is no effective approach to enhance tendon repair, hence we aimed to identify a suitable cell source for tendon engineering utilizing an established clinically relevant animal model for tendon injury. MATERIALS & METHODS: We compared, by in-depth histomorphometric evaluation, the regenerative potential of uncommitted human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) and Scleraxis (Scx)-programmed tendon progenitors (hMSC-Scx) in the healing of a full-size of rat Achilles tendon defect...
May 2016: Nanomedicine
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