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Golfers Elbow

Jae-Yoon Song, Jae-Wan Park, Chan-Bok Lee, Denny Eun, Jung-Hoon Jang, Ho-Jin Lee, Gwang-Suk Hyun, Jung-Min Park, Jun-Youl Cha, Nam-Heung Cho, Il-Gyu Ko, Jun-Jang Jin, Yong-Yun Jin, Do-Woong Ham, Yong-Seok Jee
The number of injuries that force golfers to quit is also increasing. In particular, the upper body injuries are concerns for amateur golfers. This study was conducted not only to investigate muscular balance, such as ipsilateral and bilateral ratios of the upper body, but to also evaluate the possible problems of muscular joints in amateur golfers. Male golfers (n=10) and a healthy control group (n=10) were recruited for the assessment of muscular function in the upper body, which was measured by an isokinetic dynamometer at 60°/sec...
April 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Joseph T Nelson, Richard E Jones, Michael Runstrom, Jolene Hardy
BACKGROUND: Disc golf is a sport played much like traditional golf, but rather than using a ball and club, players throw flying discs with various throwing motions. It has been played by an estimated 8 to 12 million people in the United States. Like all sports, injuries sustained while playing disc golf are not uncommon. Although formalized in the 1970s, it has grown at a rapid pace; however, disc golf-related injuries have yet to be described in the medical literature. PURPOSE: To describe the most common injuries incurred by disc golf players while comparing the different types of throwing styles...
June 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Nirav H Amin, Neil S Kumar, Mark S Schickendantz
Medial epicondylitis, often referred to as "golfer's elbow," is a common pathology. Flexor-pronator tendon degeneration occurs with repetitive forced wrist extension and forearm supination during activities involving wrist flexion and forearm pronation. A staged process of pathologic change in the tendon can result in structural breakdown and irreparable fibrosis or calcification. Patients typically report persistent medial-sided elbow pain that is exacerbated by daily activities. Athletes may be particularly symptomatic during the late cocking or early acceleration phases of the throwing motion...
June 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Mateusz Łasecki, Cyprian Olchowy, Aleksander Pawluś, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
BACKGROUND: Ulnar neuropathy is the second most common peripheral nerve neuropathy after median neuropathy, with an incidence of 25 cases per 100 000 men and 19 cases per 100 000 women each year. Skipping (snapping) elbow syndrome is an uncommon cause of pain in the posterior-medial elbow area, sometimes complicated by injury of the ulnar nerve. One of the reason is the dislocation of the abnormal insertion of the medial triceps head over the medial epicondyle during flexion and extension movements...
2014: Polish Journal of Radiology
Allan Mishra, Joseph M Pirolo, Taco Gosens
Medial epicondylar tendinopathy, also known as golfer's elbow, is less common than lateral elbow tendinopathy. Overhead throwing athletes and those participating in sports that require repeated forearm pronation and wrist flexion are most commonly affected by this disorder. This problem predominates in amateur as opposed to professional athletes and is also seen more commonly in patients over 40 years of age. This review will begin by outlining the incidence, history, and physical examination of medial epicondylar tendinopathy, including a new clinical test...
September 2014: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Marius Sommer, Charlotte Häger, Louise Rönnqvist
The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible effects of synchronized metronome training (SMT) on movement dynamics during golf-swing performance, as captured by kinematic analysis. A one-group, between-test design was applied on 13 male golfers (27.5 +/- 4.6 years old, 12.7 +/- 4.9 handicap) who completed 12 sessions of SMT over a four-week period. Pre- and post-assessments of golf swings with three different clubs (4-iron, 7-iron, and pitching wedge) were performed using a three-dimensional motion capture system...
March 2014: Sports Biomechanics
Timothy F Tyler, Stephen J Nicholas, Brandon M Schmitt, Michael Mullaney, Daniel E Hogan
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Eccentric training of the wrist extensors has been shown to be effective in treating chronic lateral epicondylosis. However, its efficacy in the treatment of medial epicondylosis has yet to be demonstrated. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a novel eccentric wrist flexor exercise added to standard treatment for chronic medial epicondylosis in patients who did not respond to previous therapeutic interventions for this disorder. NUMBER OF SUBJECTS: 20...
May 2014: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Michelle A Sandrey
REFERENCE: de Vos RJ, van Veldhoven PLJ, Moen MH, Weir A, Tol JL. Autologous growth factor injections in chronic tendinopathy: a systematic review. Br Med Bull. 2010;95:63-77. CLINICAL QUESTION: The authors of this systematic review evaluated the literature to critically consider the effects of growth factors delivered through autologous whole-blood and platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) injections in managing wrist-flexor and -extensor tendinopathies, plantar fasciopathy, and patellar tendinopathy...
May 2014: Journal of Athletic Training
J Rehm, F Zeifang, M-A Weber
This review article discusses the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and pathological changes of muscles, nerves and the synovial lining of the elbow joint. Typical imaging findings are illustrated and discussed. In addition, the cross-sectional anatomy and anatomical variants, such as accessory muscles and plicae are discussed. Injuries of the muscles surrounding the elbow joint, as well as chronic irritation are particularly common in athletes. Morphological changes in MRI, for example tennis or golfer's elbow are typical and often groundbreaking...
March 2014: Der Radiologe
Stephanie L Carey, Matthew M Wernke, Derek J Lura, Jason T Kahle, Rajiv V Dubey, M Jason Highsmith
BACKGROUND: Typical upper limb prostheses may limit sports participation; therefore, specialized terminal devices are often needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of transradial amputees to play golf using a specialized terminal device. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Club head speed, X-factor, and elbow motion of two individuals with transradial amputations using an Eagle Golf terminal device were compared to a non-amputee during a golf swing...
June 2015: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
M Ostreicher, M Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Joint structure damages due to overstrain often occur even in commonly not injury-prone golfing. Triggered by the golf swing's repetitive movement pattern and technique deficits of the player these structural damages are most likely to affect the lumbar spine as well as shoulder and elbow joint. As a synonym for shoulder impingement symptoms in golfers the term golf shoulder has been established in medical terminology. Despite this fact, currently there exist no studies addressing the relation between shoulder impingement syndrome and club head velocity...
May 2013: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Pablo Villaseñor-Ovies, Angélica Vargas, Karla Chiapas-Gasca, Juan J Canoso, Cristina Hernández-Díaz, Miguel Ángel Saavedra, José Eduardo Navarro-Zarza, Robert A Kalish
The elbow patients herein discussed feature common soft tissue conditions such as tennis elbow, golfers' elbow and olecranon bursitis. Relevant anatomical structures for these conditions can easily be identified and demonstrated by cross examination by instructors and participants. Patients usually present rotator cuff tendinopathy, frozen shoulder, axillary neuropathy and suprascapular neuropathy. The structures involved in tendinopathy and frozen shoulder can be easily identified and demonstrated under normal conditions...
December 2012: Reumatología Clinica
Erik P Meira, Jason Brumitt
CONTEXT: Golf is a popular sport, particularly in older populations. Regardless of age and skill level, golfers risk injury to the back, shoulder, wrist and hand, elbow, and knee. Because of the unique compressive, shear, rotational, and lateral bending forces created in the lumbar region during the golf swing, the primary sport-related malady experienced by amateurs and professionals is low back pain. Extrinsic and intrinsic injury risk factors have been reported in the literature. A growing body of evidence supports the prescription of strength training routines to enhance performance and reduce the risk of injury...
July 2010: Sports Health
Aaron Taylor Lee, Ayse L Lee-Robinson
BACKGROUND: Medial epicondylitis, or golfer's/pitcher's elbow, develops as a result of medial stress overload on the flexor muscles at the elbow and presents as pain at the medial epicondyle. Cervical radiculopathy has been associated with lateral epicondylitis, but few associations between the cervical spine and medial epicondylitis have been made. Researchers propose that there is an association, suggesting that the weakness and imbalance in the elbow flexor and extensor muscles from C6 and C7 radiculopathy allow for easy onset of medial epicondylitis...
July 2010: Sports Health
Erik A Yuill, Grant Lum
OBJECTIVE: To detail the progress of a young female amateur golfer who developed chronic left arm pain while playing golf 8 months prior to her first treatment visit. CLINICAL FEATURES: Findings included pain slightly distal to the lateral epicondyle of the elbow, decreased grip strength, and positive orthopedic testing. Diagnostic ultrasound showed thickening of the common extensor tendon origin indicating lateral epicondylosis. Radiographs revealed an oval shaped calcified density in the soft tissue adjacent to the lateral humeral epicondyle, indicating calcific tendonitis of the common extensor tendon origin...
December 2011: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Sean T Osis, Darren J Stefanyshyn
The influence of golf club stiffness on driving performance is currently unclear, and it is possible that this ambiguity is due in part to golfer adaptation to equipment. The purpose of the current study was to elucidate mechanisms of adaptation to club stiffness, during the golf swing, by employing tendon vibration to distort proprioceptive feedback. Vibration (∼50 Hz, ∼1 mm amplitude) was applied to the upper extremities of 24 golfers using DC motors with eccentric weights. Golfers hit golf balls in a laboratory setting using three clubs of varying shaft stiffness, and club kinematics were recorded using high speed (180 Hz) digital cameras...
February 2012: Human Movement Science
Oliver N Schipper, Jonathan H Dunn, Derek H Ochiai, J Skye Donovan, Robert P Nirschl
BACKGROUND: Combined lateral elbow tendinosis (tennis elbow) and medial elbow tendinosis (golfer's elbow) can be a disabling condition that, if unresponsive to nonoperative treatments, may be effectively treated surgically. The authors are not aware of any study that reports the outcome of a combined operation for lateral and medial elbow tendinosis (country club elbow) performed in the same operative setting. HYPOTHESIS: Combined surgical treatment of country club elbow in the same operative setting has similar outcomes to those seen in the literature for single operative procedures...
May 2011: American Journal of Sports Medicine
J A Hannafin, P H Schelkun
The essential exercises for a home rehabilitation program for tennis or golfer's elbow include stretching and strengthening (figure 1) to improve flexibility and range of motion, and to reduce forces on the affected tendon. Slow, passive stretching exercises and gentle strengthening exercises can be started right away.
February 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
J A Hannafin, P H Schelkun
Lateral and medial epicondylitis are common in sports and work activities that require repetitive gripping or exert acute forces on the forearm. Left untreated, epicondylitis may interfere with daily activities. Most patients respond to early conservative treatment consisting of activity modification, ice, anti-inflammatory medications, and rehabilitation exercises. Approximately 5% of patients will fail conservative treatment and require surgery. The outcome for most patients following surgery is excellent...
February 1996: Physician and Sportsmedicine
J P Metz
Proper golf technique and equipment and preventive measures can minimize golf-related injuries of the back, shoulders, elbows, and hands and wrists. Rotating the shoulder and hip a similar amount during the backswing and keeping the spine vertical during the follow-through can reduce lumbar spine strain. A rigid back support may lower the risk of vertebral compression fracture in osteoporotic patients. Shortening the backswing can decrease pressure on a degenerative acromioclavicular joint. Therapy for 'golfer's elbow' includes medial counterforce bracing, larger club grips, and graphite shafts...
July 1999: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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