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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527411/trends-in-reports-of-driving-following-illicit-drug-consumption-among-regular-drug-users-in-australia-2007-2013-has-random-roadside-drug-testing-had-a-deterrent-effect
#1
Danielle Horyniak, Paul Dietze, Simon Lenton, Rosa Alati, Raimondo Bruno, Allison Matthews, Courtney Breen, Lucy Burns
INTRODUCTION: Driving following illicit drug consumption ('drug-driving') is a potential road safety risk. Roadside drug testing (RDT) is conducted across Australia with the dual aims of prosecuting drivers with drugs in their system and deterring drug-driving. We examined trends over time in self-reported past six-month drug-driving among sentinel samples of regular drug users and assessed the impact of experiences of RDT on drug-driving among these participants. METHODS: Data from 1913 people who inject drugs (PWID) and 3140 regular psychostimulant users (RPU) who were first-time participants in a series of repeat cross-sectional sentinel studies conducted in Australian capital cities from 2007 to 2013 and reported driving in the past six months were analysed...
May 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527271/self-rated-health-multimorbidity-and-depression-in-mexican-older-adults-proposal-and-evaluation-of-a-simple-conceptual-model
#2
Eduardo Bustos-Vázquez, Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health is an individual and subjective conceptualization involving the intersection of biological, social and psychological factors. It provides an invaluable and unique evaluation of a person's general health status. OBJECTIVE: To propose and evaluate a simple conceptual model to understand self-rated health and its relationship to multimorbidity, disability and depressive symptoms in Mexican older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a national representative sample of 8,874 adults of 60 years of age and older...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527264/-adverse-drug-reactions-in-neonates-hospitalized-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-barranquilla-colombia
#3
Roxana De Las Salas, Daniela Díaz-Agudelo
INTRODUCTION: The appearance of adverse drug reactions in neonates is an important issue due to the lack of drug safety data. OBJECTIVE: To identify the behavior of adverse drug reactions (ADR) in hospitalized neonates at two intensive care units in Barranquilla, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional prospective descriptive study based on patientcentered intensive pharmacosurveillance. We followed up and monitored the appearance of ADRs for six months...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527253/-prevalence-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-resistance-to-quinolones-and-injectables-in-colombia-2012-2013
#4
Claudia Llerena, Angie Zabaleta, Angélica Valbuena, Martha Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a health problem worldwide. The World Health Organization estimated 9.6 million new cases and 480,000 multirresistant cases for 2014. The assessment of resistance to quinolones and injectables was implemented only a few years ago, so its prevalence is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of resistance to amikacin, capreomycin and ofloxacin in cases of tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid and/or rifampin during 2012-2013...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527227/correlation-of-the-gait-speed-with-the-quality-of-life-and-the-quality-of-life-classified-according-to-speed-based-community-ambulation-in-thai-stroke-survivors
#5
Phichamon Khanittanuphong, Suttipong Tipchatyotin
BACKGROUND: Gait abnormality commonly resulted from stroke which affected patients living and probably quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between gait speed and the QOL in Thai stroke patients and to compare the QOL among three patient groups that were categorized by gait speed: i) household ambulators <0.4 m/s, ii) limited community ambulators 0.4-0.8 m/s and iii) community ambulators >0.8 m/s. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive research study...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527205/moderate-physical-activity-is-associated-with-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-in-adults-at-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Ryan J Dougherty, Stephanie A Schultz, Taylor K Kirby, Elizabeth A Boots, Jennifer M Oh, Dorothy Edwards, Catherine L Gallagher, Cynthia M Carlsson, Barbara B Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Mark A Sager, Bruce P Hermann, Bradley T Christian, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) and glucose metabolism in asymptomatic late-middle-aged adults. Ninety-three cognitively healthy late-middle-aged adults from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this cross-sectional study. They underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging and wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X+) to measure free-living PA. Accelerometer data yielded measures of light (LPA), moderate (MPA), and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527187/quantitative-stereological-analysis-of-the-highly-porous-hydroxyapatite-scaffolds-using-x-ray-cm-and-sem
#7
Justyna Zygmuntowicz, Aneta Zima, Joanna Czechowska, Karol Szlazak, Anna Ślosarczyk, Katarzyna Konopka
BACKGROUND: Material properties of the scaffolds as well as their microstructure are vital in determining in vivo cellular response. Three-dimensional (3D), highly porous scaffolds are used in tissue engineering to provide a suitable microenvironment and to support regeneration of bone. Both pore sizes and their architecture, in particular interconnection density, impact functionality of scaffold during its biomedical applications. OBJECTIVE: In this paper a comparative study of the microstructure of highly porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds produced via gelcasting of foamed slurries and replication of polyurethane sponge were carried out...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527146/real-time-elastography-rte-a-valuable-sonography-based-non-invasive-method-for-the-assessment-of-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-b
#8
Tianyi Wang, Cuiping Shao, Guosheng Zhang, Youqing Xu
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic usefulness of real-time elastography (RTE) for liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS: 89 CHB patients were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous liver biopsies, RTE, and blood testing were performed in all patients. Areas under receiver operating characteristic curves (AUROC) were used to examine the diagnostic performance of liver fibrosis index (LFI) for the assessment of liver fibrosis...
May 19, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527105/association-between-lumbar-bone-mineral-density-and-serum-uric-acid-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-of-healthy-chinese-population
#9
Wen Han, Xiaojuan Bai, Nan Wang, Lulu Han, Xuefeng Sun, Xiangmei Chen
Partial correlation and regression analyses were used in this study. We showed that there is a linear relationship between bone mineral density and serum uric acid within the normal physiologic range, and higher serum uric acid levels had a protective effect on bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis. PURPOSE: The significance of the relationship between lumbar bone mineral density (()BMD) and serum uric acid (SUA) levels is unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate on a population-level the association between lumbar BMD and SUA within the normal physiologic range and to determine whether SUA plays a protective role in bone loss in healthy postmenopausal Chinese women...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527104/low-income-as-a-multiplicative-risk-factor-for-oral-pain-and-dental-problems-among-u-s-veteran-smokers
#10
Terrell A Hicks, Sarah M Wilson, Shaun P Thomas, Paul A Dennis, Julia M Neal, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U.S. veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans Health and Needs Study, a study of U...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527066/community-pharmacies-as-epidemiological-sentinels-of-headache-first-experience-in-italy
#11
Paola Brusa, Marco Parente, Gianni Allais, Sara Rolando, Giuseppe Costa, Roberto Gnavi, Teresa Spadea, Mario Giaccone, Andrea Mandelli, Massimo Mana, Francesca Baratta, Chiara Benedetto, Gennaro Bussone
Migraine is a disabling neurovascular syndrome which affects 12-15% of the global population and it represents the third cause in years lived with disability in both males and females aged 15-49 years. Among migraineurs, the symptomatic drug abuse may be a risk factor in the development of medication overuse headache (MOH). Detecting cases of MOH is not straightforward; community pharmacists may, therefore, be in a strategic position to identify individuals who self-medicate, particularly with respect to prevent the development of MOH...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526987/assessment-of-antibiotic-use-in-farm-animals-in-rwanda
#12
Rosine Manishimwe, Kizito Nishimwe, Lonzy Ojok
The irrational use of antibiotics in humans and animals is highly related to the emergence and increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria worldwide. A cross-sectional survey aimed at evaluating the current level of practices regarding antibiotic use in farm animals in Rwanda was carried out countrywide. Interviews were conducted on 229 farmers rearing different types of animals. The study has revealed that almost all respondent farmers could name at least one antibiotic used in farm animals and peni-streptomycin was named by most of them (95...
May 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526972/patient-experiences-attitudes-and-expectations-towards-receiving-information-about-anti-tnf-medication-a-quantitative-study
#13
Jon Packham, Paul Arkell, Tom Sheeran, Ann Brownfield, Anthony Cadwgan, Sarah Ryan
The objective of the study was to measure patient attitudes and experience of information received during drug counselling for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) medications. This is a cross-sectional UK postal questionnaire study. Three RA patient groups-disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) only, first anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and failed anti-TNF-were sent postal questionnaires. Data on patient history/demographics, drug counselling experience, knowledge of drug side effects, attitudes to vaccinations, cancer screening and blood borne virus testing was collected; 264/679 (39%) patients responded (median age 65 years, 66% female, median disease duration 15 years)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526939/awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-barriers-to-help-seeking-a-national-survey
#14
Mohammad Al Qadire
About 27% of cancer patients in Jordan are discovered in advanced stages; this resulted in poor prognosis and survival rates. One possible cause of late presentation is lack of awareness of warning signs and risk factors of cancer. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of awareness of cancer warning signs, risk factors, and barriers to seeking medical advice among the Jordanian public. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A convenience sample of 2292 participants from the Jordanian public was included in the study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526926/higher-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-german-pregnant-women-compared-to-non-pregnant-women
#15
Sandra Gellert, Alexander Ströhle, Norman Bitterlich, Andreas Hahn
PURPOSE: Adequate vitamin D status is crucial for normal development of the fetus and for maternal health. As data on vitamin D status (25-hydroxyvitamin D, 25(OH)D) in German women of different states of pregnancy were not available, this study compared the vitamin D status of German women in all trimesters of pregnancy with that of non-pregnant women. METHODS: The study sample of 858 women (18-45 years) was recruited from April 2013 to March 2015 as a part of the cross-sectional Germany-wide VitaMinFemin study...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526644/simple-tumor-localization-scale-for-estimating-management-outcome-of-intracranial-meningioma
#16
Bruno Splavski, Irina Bagic, Vjenceslav Vrtaric, Brano Splavski
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial meningiomas are typically benign extracerebral tumors derived from dural arachnoid cells. Predominantly, these tumors are effectively managed surgically, but the prognosis is heavily dependent on tumors' histological heterogeneity and its location. It is known that reproductive and hormonal factors increase the risk for meningioma in adult females, but their prognostic value still remains controversial. This study's aim was to examine possible correlation between tumor location and outcome, and to evaluate prognostic value of the proposed simple tumor localization scale in predicting the management outcome of intracranial meningioma...
May 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526635/arsenic-exposures-alter-clinical-indicators-of-anemia-in-a-male-population-of-smokers-and-non-smokers-in-bangladesh
#17
Faruque Parvez, Sebastian Medina, Regina Santella, Tariqul Islam, Fredine T Lauer, Nur Alam, Mahbubul Eunus, Mizanour Rahman, Pam Factor-Litvak, Habib Ahsan, Joseph Graziano, Ke Jian Liu, Scott W Burchiel
Drinking water arsenic (WAs) exposure has been linked to a number of detrimental health outcomes including anemia, primarily among pregnant women. Little is known about the effects of arsenic (As) on hematological disorders among men. We have examined the role of As exposure on hematological indicators of anemia in a group of men exposed to a wide range of As in their drinking water. We conducted a cross-sectional investigation among 119 healthy men in the Health Effects of As Longitudinal Study (HEALS) cohort, in rural Bangladesh...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526629/the-ultra-structural-organization-of-the-elastic-network-in-the-intra-and-inter-lamellar-matrix-of-the-intervertebral-disc
#18
J Tavakoli, D M Elliott, J J Costi
The inter-lamellar matrix (ILM) -located between adjacent lamellae of the annulus fibrosus- consists of a complex structure of elastic fibres, while elastic fibers of the intra-lamellar region are aligned predominantly parallel to the collagen fibers. The organization of elastic fibres under low magnification, in both inter- and intra-lamellar regions, was studied by light microscopic analysis of histologically prepared samples; however, little is known about their ultrastructure. An ultrastructural visualization of elastic fibres in the inter-lamellar matrix is crucial for describing their contribution to structural integrity, as well as mechanical properties of the annulus fibrosus...
May 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526626/longevity-and-healthy-ageing-genes-foxo3a-and-sirt3-serum-protein-marker-and-new-road-map-to-burst-oxidative-stress-by-withania-somnifera
#19
Rashmita Pradhan, Rahul Kumar, Shashank Shekhar, Nitish Rai, Akash Ambashtha, Joyita Banerjee, Mona Pathak, S N Dwivedi, Sharmistha Dey, Aparajit B Dey
BACKGROUND: Ageing process is characterized by a decline in function; different age related diseases and excessive age associated mortality. There has always been a quest for easily accessible biomarkers to monitor and identify the development of age-associated stress for providing new anti-ageing strategies. Forkhead box protein O3A (FOXO3A) and Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) are such potential markers which plays important role in a wide variety of cellular mechanisms and has been proposed to be an ideal candidate to study longevity and are potential candidate for healthy ageing by oxidative burst...
May 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526551/assessment-of-vertical-ridge-augmentation-in-anterior-aesthetic-zone-using-onlay-xenografts-with-titanium-mesh-versus-the-inlay-bone-grafting-technique-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
M Mounir, S Mounir, A A Elfetouh, M A Shaker
The aim of this study was to evaluate the final vertical gain at the deficient anterior maxillary alveolar ridges using onlay bone grafts with titanium mesh versus inlay bone grafting. This was a single institutional randomized comparative clinical trial. The study population included 16 patients, with edentulous anterior maxillary alveolar ridges (40 implant sites) who were presented and treated at the Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine in Cairo University from September 2013 to August 2015. Selected patients were randomly divided into two equal groups...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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