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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054033/hepatitis-c-antibody-prevalence-among-mexico-city-prisoners-injecting-legal-and-illegal-substances
#1
Omar Silverman-Retana, Edson Serván-Mori, Sandra I McCoy, Sarah Larney, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among prisoners and this prevalence estimates reach 64% among prisoners who inject illicit drugs. Prisons are important sites for HCV transmission in the absence of access to sterile injecting equipment; hence, it can be transmitted between prisoners who share contaminated needles and syringes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of risk factors for anti-HCV prevalence, with particular interest on injecting behavior, and to assess correlates of anti-HCV positivity among Mexico City prisoners...
October 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053999/correlations-and-adsorption-mechanisms-of-aromatic-compounds-on-biochars-produced-from-various-biomass-at-700%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c
#2
Kun Yang, Yuan Jiang, Jingjing Yang, Daohui Lin
Knowledge of adsorption behavior of organic contaminants on high heat temperature treated biochars is essential for application of biochars as adsorbents in wastewater treatment and soil remediation. In this study, isotherms of 25 aromatic compounds adsorption on biochars pyrolyzed at 700 °C from biomass including wood chips, rice straw, bamboo chips, cellulose, lignin and chitin were investigated to establish correlations between adsorption behavior and physicochemical properties of biochars. Isotherms were well fitted by Polanyi theory-based Dubinin-Ashtakhov (DA) model with three parameters, i...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053973/duration-of-moderate-to-vigorous-daily-activity-is-negatively-associated-with-slow-walking-speed-independently-from-step-counts-in-elderly-women-aged-75-years-or-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Takuji Adachi, Yuji Kono, Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuko Shimizu, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to examine whether objectively measured duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was associated with slow walking speed, independent from step counts, in elderly women aged 75 or over (old-old) and 2) to determine a possible cut-off value for duration of MVPA related to slow walking speed. METHODS: Participants were 350 community-dwelling old-old women. Slow walking speed was defined as usual walking speed <1.0m/s...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053907/motor-performance-deterioration-accelerates-after-50-years-of-age-in-charcot-marie-tooth-type-1a-patients
#4
Stefano Tozza, Dario Bruzzese, Chiara Pisciotta, Rosa Iodice, Marcello Esposito, Raffaele Dubbioso, Lucia Ruggiero, Antonietta Topa, Emanuele Spina, Lucio Santoro, Fiore Manganelli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to describe, by a case-control and cross-sectional design, the correlation between clinical impairment and age in CMT1A patients. METHODS: We enrolled seventy CMT1A patients and seventy sex- and age-matched healthy controls. Motor performance was assessed through 10-Meter Walk Test, 6-Minute Walk Test and 9-Hole Peg Test (9HPT) of dominant and non-dominant side, and muscle strength was measured by using the Medical Research Council Score...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053902/sonographic-evaluation-of-the-vagus-nerves-protocol-reference-values-and-side-to-side-differences
#5
Johann Otto Pelz, Elena Belau, Philipp Henn, Niels Hammer, Joseph Classen, David Weise
INTRODUCTION: Reported sonographic reference values for the vagus nerves (VNs) vary greatly. We aimed to generate reference values in a large cohort and to examine intra-rater-, inter-rater- and across-ultrasound systems agreement. METHODS: The VNs of 60 healthy subjects were examined by two sonographers and with two ultrasound systems. Cross-sectional areas (CSA) of each VN were assessed at the level of the carotid sinus (proximal measurement level [ML]) and at the level of the thyroid gland (distal ML)...
October 20, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053806/independent-association-of-plasma-hydroxysphingomyelins-with-physical-function-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#6
Danni Li, Jeffrey R Misialek, Fangying Huang, B Gwen Windham, Fang Yu, Alvaro Alonso
Background: Plasma metabolites such as phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and sphingomyelins (SMs) are associated with in age-related cognitive decline. However, their relations to age-related physical function decline remain largely unknown. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional relations of 12 plasma metabolites (including 4 PCs and 4 SMs) with physical function in 383 older adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study at the fifth exam (2011-13, mean age [standard deviation (SD)]: 78...
October 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053713/a-longitudinal-study-of-facial-growth-of-southern-chinese-in-hong-kong-comprehensive-photogrammetric-analyses
#7
Yi Feng Wen, Hai Ming Wong, Colman Patrick McGrath
INTRODUCTION: Existing studies on facial growth were mostly cross-sectional in nature and only a limited number of facial measurements were investigated. The purposes of this study were to longitudinally investigate facial growth of Chinese in Hong Kong from 12 through 15 to 18 years of age and to compare the magnitude of growth changes between genders. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Standardized frontal and lateral facial photographs were taken from 266 (149 females and 117 males) and 265 (145 females and 120 males) participants, respectively, at all three age levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053712/reproductive-desire-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-central-brazil-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Marise Ramos de Souza, Waldemar Naves do Amaral, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Giovanni Rezza, Sandra Maria Brunini
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and examine the factors associated with reproductive desire among women living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in Central Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 274 WLWHA, aged 18 to 49 years, was conducted with the support of treatment services and non-governmental organizations that assist people living with HIV/AIDS. Data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, sexual behavior, and reproductive variables were collected through interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053654/retrospective-analysis-of-jaw-biopsies-in-young-adults-a-study-of-1599-cases-in-southern-brazil
#9
K Silva, A Alves, M Correa, A Etges, A-C Vasconcelos, A-P Gomes, S Tarquinio
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence and the characteristics of jaw lesions diagnosed in young adults aged 20 to 30 years in a southern Brazil reference center, over a period of 25 years. And to analyze the concordance between clinical and histological diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, the biopsies files from this center were retrieved and data regarding sex, age, bone localization, clinical and histological diagnosis were collected...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052928/relationship-between-physical-activity-levels-and-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-adults
#10
Songee Jung, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Masakazu Imaoka, Kazuhiro Harada, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to obtain data from 3191 community-dwelling older Japanese adults aged 70-95 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using self-reported scores on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15. PA was objectively measured using an accelerometer worn for a maximum of 40 days, and average daily durations of light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA) and step count were calculated...
October 20, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052915/disease-burden-of-mild-asthma-in-china
#11
Bo Ding, Mark Small
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The impact, treatment patterns and control of mild asthma are poorly understood for Chinese patients. This study describes the characteristics, therapeutic interventions and burden of mild asthma on patients residing in major cities of China. METHODS: The Respiratory Disease Specific Program 2015, a cross-sectional survey, was conducted with Chinese physicians and their patients. The survey assessed clinical characteristics, asthma symptoms, exacerbations, rescue inhaler usage, treatment adherence, asthma control, work and activity impairments and healthcare utilization for patients prescribed Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) Step 1 or 2 treatment defined mild asthma...
October 20, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052757/variation-in-occupational-exposure-associated-with-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-cross-sectional-study-among-professional-bassists
#12
Kees H Woldendorp, Anne M Boonstra, J Hans Arendzen, Michiel F Reneman
BACKGROUND: Variation in occupational exposure is assumed to have a protective effect against the development of musculoskeletal complaints (MSC), but this common assumption is not strongly supported by the literature. Among musicians, who have a high prevalence of MSC, many play more than one type of instrument (multi-instrumentalism) for many hours a day. Since multi-instrumentalism implies greater variation in ergonomic load of specific musculoskeletal areas than mono-instrumentalism, musicians are a suitable study population to test whether the above assumption is true...
October 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052707/the-spectrum-of-subclinical-primary-aldosteronism-and-incident-hypertension-a-cohort-study
#13
Jenifer M Brown, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Miguel Angel Luque-Fernandez, Matthew A Allison, Rene Baudrand, Joachim H Ix, Bryan Kestenbaum, Ian H de Boer, Anand Vaidya
Background: Primary aldosteronism is recognized as a severe form of renin-independent aldosteronism that results in excessive mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activation. Objective: To investigate whether a spectrum of subclinical renin-independent aldosteronism that increases risk for hypertension exists among normotensive persons. Design: Cohort study. Setting: National community-based study. Participants: 850 untreated normotensive participants in MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) with measurements of serum aldosterone and plasma renin activity (PRA)...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052562/clinical-profile-and-significance-of-mucocutaneous-lesions-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-large-cross-sectional-study-with-874-patients
#14
Lei Xuan, Yi-Dong Zhang, Li Li, Yue-Ping Zeng, Hao-Ze Zhang, Jing Wang, Zhen-Hua Dong
BACKGROUND: Mucocutaneous lesions are common features of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), but only a few studies have focused on them. To demonstrate the profile of mucocutaneous lesions of pSS and further explore their potential clinical significance, we performed a cross-sectional study on 874 patients. METHODS: Demographic data, clinical manifestations, and laboratory results of 874 pSS patients were collected. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of mucocutaneous lesions...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052467/the-effect-of-level-of-injury-and-physical-activity-on-heart-rate-variability-following-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Athanasios Kyriakides, Dimitrios Poulikakos, Angeliki Galata, Dimitrios Konstantinou, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Elisabeth Chroni
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To assess frequency domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters at rest and in response to postural autonomic provocations in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate the autonomic influences on the heart of different physical activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Ten subjects with complete cervical SCI and fourteen subjects with complete low thoracic SCI were prospectively recruited from the community and further divided in sedentary and physically active groups, the latter defined as regular weekly 4 hour physical activity for the preceding 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052463/hot-and-cool-executive-function-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-cross-sectional-developmental-trajectories
#16
Evangelia-Chrysanthi Kouklari, Stella Tsermentseli, Claire P Monks
The development of executive function (EF) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has only been investigated using "cool"-cognitive-EF tasks. Little is known about the development of "hot"-affective-EF and whether it follows a similar developmental pathway. This study employed a cross-sectional developmental trajectories approach to examine the developmental changes in cool (working memory, inhibition, and planning) and hot EF (delay discounting and affective decision-making) of ASD participants (n = 79) and controls (n = 91) relative to age and IQ, shedding more light on the hot-cool EF organization...
October 20, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052432/suicidal-risk-following-the-termination-of-romantic-relationships
#17
Heather A Love, David P Nalbone, Lorna L Hecker, Kathryn A Sweeney, Prerana Dharnidharka
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if specific risk markers for suicide are related to an individual's commitment level to the romantic relationship prior to its dissolution. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to examine if commitment and investment are linked with suicidal risk in a sample of adults (n = 208) in the United States ages 18-64 who experienced the break-up of a significant romantic relationship within the past 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052276/association-of-spiritual-religious-coping-with-depressive-symptoms-in-high-and-low-risk-pregnant-women
#18
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Raíssa Chiaradia, Gail Low, Jonas Prepossi Cruz, Kenneth I Pargament, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of spiritual/religious coping (SRC) on depressive symptoms in high- and low-risk pregnant women. BACKGROUND: SRC is associated with physical and mental health outcomes. However, only few studies investigated the role of these strategies during pregnancy and whether low- and high-risk pregnant women have different coping mechanisms. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional comparative study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052273/the-relationship-of-interpersonal-sensitivity-and-depression-among-patients-with-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-the-mediating-role-of-coping-styles
#19
Xia Zhao, Menglian Wu, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Yang Yang, Hui Xie, Yonggang Su, Jihui Jia, Shuhong Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The current study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression and the relationship among interpersonal sensitivity, coping styles and depression in patients with Chronic Atrophic Gastritis (CAG), and explore the mediating role of coping styles between interpersonal sensitivity and depression. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 101 patients diagnosed with CAG aged 33 to 83 years. All the participants were surveyed face to face and given the informed consent...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052116/patients-knowledge-on-oral-anticoagulant-treatment-in-hungary
#20
Reka Viola, Helga Fekete, Ildiko Csoka
Background A key element for an effective and safe oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT) is to have the relevant information delivered to patients in an easy-to-understand way and thus have them apply this knowledge in their own therapy. Objective To assess knowledge about OAT, reveal knowledge gaps and identify at-risk patients in terms of limited knowledge about their anticoagulant therapy. Setting Community pharmacies in Hungary. Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study used a structured, validated, self-developed questionnaire to assess patients' knowledge about OAT...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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