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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691887/correlate-of-burden-and-coping-ability-of-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-chronic-illness-in-nigeria
#1
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi
AIM: Caring for older adults with chronic illness is associated with enormous physical and psychological stress on the informal caregivers. This study assessed burden experienced by caregivers of older adults with chronic illness, explored coping strategies of caregivers in relation to identified chronic conditions and determined the influence of caregiver's burden, caregiver's characteristics and older adult's characteristics on their coping ability. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study, and data were collected among 325 caregivers of older adults living with chronic illness in Osun State, Nigeria, using a checklist, Katz IADL, Zarit Burden Interview and Brief Cope Scale...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691869/hand-eczema-in-nurses-nursing-auxiliaries-and-cleaners-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-western-india
#2
Sanjeev B Gupta, Aayush Gupta, Bhavika Shah, Preeti Kothari, Sweety Darall, Dhara Boghara, Sukhnandan Sonkar, Kirti Deo
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers have a high risk of developing hand eczema. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and severity of dermatologist-determined hand eczema among healthcare workers, carry out patch testing, and correlate the findings with impairment in quality of life (QoL) and demographic and vocational factors. METHODS: Seven hundred and ten healthcare workers (279 nurses, 246 cleaners, and 185 nursing auxiliaries) were screened for the presence of hand eczema...
April 25, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691837/oral-health-status-associated-with-sociodemographic-factors-of-nepalese-schoolchildren-a-population-based-study
#3
Saujanya Karki, Marja-Liisa Laitala, Manoj Humagain, Marjo Seppänen, Jari Päkkila, Vuokko Anttonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health of Nepalese schoolchildren relative to their sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-, 12- and 15-year-old Nepalese children in 18 randomly selected districts of the 75 in Nepal. Clinical parameters were recorded according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Results were presented as mean (SD) and proportions; the chi-square test, t-test and one way-ANOVA were also performed...
April 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691836/early-life-regional-and-temporal-variation-in-filaggrin-derived-natural-moisturising-factor-filaggrin-processing-enzyme-activity-corneocyte-phenotypes-and-plasmin-activity-implications-for-atopic-dermatitis
#4
M A McAleer, I Jakasa, N Raj, C P F O'Donnell, M E Lane, A V Rawlings, R Voegeli, W H I McLean, S Kezic, A D Irvine
BACKGROUND: Filaggrin is central to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). The cheeks are a common initiation site of infantile AD. Regional and temporal expression of levels of filaggrin degradation products (natural moisturising factors, NMF), activities of filaggrin processing enzymes (bleomycin hydrolase; BH and calpain-1; C-1) and plasmin, and corneocyte envelope (CE) maturity in early life are largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We did a cross-sectional, observational study investigating regional and age dependent variations in NMF levels, activity of proteases and CE maturity in stratum corneum (SC) from infants to determine if these could explain the observed predilection sites for AD in early life...
April 25, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691779/nomogram-and-validity-of-a-model-for-predicting-malnutrition-in-patients-on-liver-transplant-lists
#5
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients. AIMS: Determine variables associated with malnutrition and create a nomogram in liver transplant candidates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n = 110). VARIABLES: demographic variables, imbalances due to the disease, transplant aetiology and analytical parameters...
April 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691772/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-its-association-with-disease-activity-functionality-mobility-and-structural-damage
#6
Clementina López-Medina, Juan L Garrido-Castro, Juan Castro-Jiménez, Cristina González-Navas, Jerusalem Calvo-Gutiérrez, M Carmen Castro-Villegas, Rafaela Ortega-Castro, Alejandro Escudero-Contreras, Pilar Font-Ugalde, Eduardo Collantes-Estévez
To evaluate quality of life (QoL) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and its association with disease activity, functionality, structural damage, and spinal mobility, using patient-reported outcomes. This was an observational, cross-sectional, and single-center study in which 100 consecutive patients with axSpA were included. We obtained from all patients' sociodemographic data and values related to disease activity, functionality, structural damage, mobility, and quality of life. The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL) was considered as the primary outcome...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691721/mild-cognitive-impairment-is-associated-with-poor-physical-function-but-not-bone-structure-or-density-in-late-adulthood-findings-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study
#7
A Patel, K A Jameson, M H Edwards, K Ward, C R Gale, C Cooper, Elaine M Dennison
This study investigated the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical function and bone health in older adults. MCI was associated with poor physical performance but not bone mineral density or bone microarchitecture. PURPOSE: Cross-sectional study to investigate the association between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and physical performance, and bone health, in a community-dwelling cohort of older adults. METHODS: Cognitive function of 222 men and 221 women (mean age 75...
April 24, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691658/associations-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-with-health-outcomes-quality-of-care-and-intentions-to-leave-the-profession-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-physician-assistants-in-germany
#8
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Jian Li, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies among health care staff have documented associations of adverse psychosocial working conditions with poorer health-related outcomes, a reduced quality of patient care and intentions to leave the profession. The evidence for physician assistants in Germany remains limited though. METHODS: We surveyed a total of 994 physician assistants between September 2016 and April 2017. Psychosocial working conditions were measured by the established effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire and by a questionnaire specifically developed to capture psychosocial working conditions among physicians...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691657/does-the-psychosocial-quality-of-unpaid-family-work-contribute-to-educational-disparities-in-mental-health-among-employed-partnered-mothers
#9
Bonnie Janzen, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten
PURPOSE: The contribution of unpaid family work quality to understanding social inequalities in women's mental health has been understudied and further limited by a scarcity of psychometrically sound instruments available to measure family work. Therefore, using a multi-item scale of family work quality with evidence of validity and reliability, the overall aim of the present study was to determine whether psychosocial qualities of unpaid family work contribute to educational inequities in women's mental health...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691654/the-association-between-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentration-physical-performance-and-frailty-status-in-older-adults
#10
Anouk M M Vaes, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Nicole Toussaint, Margot de Regt, Michael Tieland, Luc J C van Loon, Lisette C P G M de Groot
PURPOSE: Sufficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations might prevent a decline in physical performance, and are considered important for the prevention of frailty. This study investigates the association of serum 25(OH)D concentration with physical performance and frailty status in Dutch older adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 756 men and women, aged ≥ 65 years. Serum 25(OH)D concentration and frailty status (Fried criteria) were assessed in the total population...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691467/low-bilirubin-levels-indicate-a-high-risk-of-cerebral-deep-white-matter-lesions-in-apparently-healthy-subjects
#11
Satoshi Higuchi, Yusuke Kabeya, Junko Uchida, Kiyoe Kato, Nobuhiro Tsukada
Recent studies have reported that deep white matter lesions (DWMLs) on magnetic resonance imaging scans are related to the risk of developing impaired cognitive function in future. Bilirubin exhibits a potent antioxidant effect and an inverse relationship has been reported between bilirubin levels and the risk of several atherosclerotic diseases; however, there is limited evidence with regard to the effect of bilirubin levels on cerebrovascular diseases including DWMLs. This cross-sectional study included 1121 apparently healthy Japanese adults...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691247/sex-differences-in-macronutrient-intake-and-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#12
Elizabeth Bennett, Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward
OBJECTIVES: To characterise sex differences in macronutrient intakes and adherence to dietary recommendations in the UK Biobank population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: UK Biobank Resource. PARTICIPANTS: 210 106 (52.5% women) individuals with data on dietary behaviour. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Women-to-men mean differences in nutrient intake in grams and as a percentage of energy and women-to-men ORs in non-adherence, adjusting for age, socioeconomic status and ethnicity...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691245/health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-inpatients-with-lung-cancer-treatedin-large-general-hospitals-across-sectional-study
#13
Wen Gu, Yan-Min Xu, Bao-Liang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: In China, psychosocial problems of patients with cancer are under-recognised and undertreated in medical oncology practice. This study examined the health-related quality of life (QOL) in inpatients with lung cancer treated in large general hospitals and explored the demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Altogether, 148 inpatients with lung cancer were consecutively recruited from two large general hospitals in Tianjin, China...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691244/cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-hiv-discordant-relationships-in-a-rural-rakai-cohort-uganda
#14
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Anette Agardh, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the prevalence of pregnancy in serodiscordant couples and identifies predictors associated with pregnancy in rural Rakai, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the RCCS survey round 17 (2015-2016), which included 488 women in serodiscordant relationships. This study was conducted in Rakai district, located in south-western Uganda...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691241/modern-contraceptive-use-among-hiv-infected-women-attending-hiv-care-centres-in-togo-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Issifou Yaya, Akouda Akessiwè Patassi, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Essodjèlouna Manani Bignandi, Kanfitine Kolani, Abdel-Daim Daou Namoro, P'Niwè Massoubayo Patchali, Lihanimpo Djalogue, Didier Koumavi Ekouevi, Bayaki Saka
INTRODUCTION: Contraceptive use among HIV-infected women in Togo is poorly documented. We aim at assessing the prevalence of modern contraceptive use and associated factors among HIV-infected women in Togo. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The study was conducted in five HIV care centres in the Centrale and Kara regions in Togo. PARTICIPANTS: We included 461 HIV-positive women aged between 15 and 49 years and who were sexually active...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691162/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-as-a-practical-tool-for-the-early-detection-and-prevention-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Marta Arias-Guillén, Eduardo Perez, Patricia Herrera, Bárbara Romano, Raquel Ojeda, Manel Vera, José Ríos, Néstor Fontseré, Francisco Maduell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether body composition monitor (BCM) could be a practical instrument for nephrologists to assess nutritional status in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and whether it is more effective in identifying patients at highest risk of developing protein-energy wasting (PEW) alone or in combination with other tools currently used for that purpose. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study in 91 HD patients (60 ± 14 years, 70.3% male, 24 ± 4...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691159/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-prevalence-of-exercise-induced-hypertension-in-childhood-following-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#17
Taryn L Luitingh, Melissa G Y Lee, Bryn Jones, Remi Kowalski, Sofia Weskamp Aguero, Jane Koleff, Diana Zannino, Michael M H Cheung, Yves d'Udekem
BACKGROUND: Exercise-testing may be a more tolerable method of detecting hypertension in children after coarctation repair compared to gold-standard 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM). This study aims to determine the prevalence of exercise-induced hypertension and end-organ damage in children after coarctation repair, and the effectiveness of exercise-testing compared to 24-hour ABPM in this population. METHODS: Exercise-testing (Bruce protocol), transthoracic echocardiogram, 24-hour ABPM, and pulse wave velocity were performed in 41 patients aged 8 to 18 years with previous coarctation repair...
March 27, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691135/order-entry-protocols-are-an-amenable-target-for-workflow-automation
#18
James Tudor, Chad Klochko, Milind Patel, Daniel Siegal
PURPOSE: Order entry protocol selection of advanced imaging studies is labor-intensive, can disrupt workflow, and may displace staff from more valuable tasks. The aim of this study was to explore and compare the behaviors of radiologic technologists and radiologists when determining protocol to identify opportunities for workflow automation. METHODS: A data set of over 273,000 cross-sectional examination orders from four hospitals within our health system was created...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691102/how-baby-s-first-shot-determines-the-development-of-maternal-attitudes-towards-vaccination
#19
Cornelia Betsch, Birte Bödeker, Philipp Schmid, Ole Wichmann
BACKGROUND: The attitude towards vaccination is a major determinant of vaccination behavior; this also includes parents' attitudes towards the immunization of their child. Negative attitudes have been associated with vaccine hesitancy and outbreaks of infectious diseases throughout the globe. This study aimed to assess how and why attitudes become more pro-vaccine or vaccine-skeptical over time, and which sources are especially influential in this process. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with measurements at time of recruitment during pregnancy and at +3, +6 and +14 months after childbirth with cross-sectional control groups...
April 21, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690971/clinical-spectrum-and-outcome-of-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis-in-children
#20
Iram Javed, Tipu Sultan, Zia Ur Rehman, Muhammad Rizwan Yaseen
OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical spectrum, neuroimaging finding and outcome of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive and cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Paediatric Neurology, Children's Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, from 2015 to 2016. METHODOLOGY: Data was collected in a predesigned proforma by non-probability purposive sampling technique from all enrolled 32 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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