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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232761/profile-of-ethnicity-living-arrangements-and-loneliness-amongst-older-adults-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#1
Hamish A Jamieson, Helen M Gibson, Rebecca Abey-Nesbit, Annabel Ahuriri-Driscoll, Sally Keeling, Philip J Schluter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the patterns of living arrangements, ethnicity and loneliness amongst older adults (aged 65+ years) living at home. METHODS: National interRAI-HC (International Residential Assessment Instrument-Home Care) assessments conducted between 1 September 2012 and 31 January 2016 were analysed. Analysis focused on the associations between loneliness and both ethnic groups and living arrangements. RESULTS: There were 71 859 eligible participants, with average age 82...
December 12, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232708/elimination-of-trachoma-as-a-public-health-problem-in-ghana-providing-evidence-through-a-pre-validation-survey
#2
Oscar Debrah, Ernest O Mensah, Laura Senyonjo, Dziedzom K de Souza, Tei E Hervie, David Agyemang, Didier Bakajika, Benjamin Marfo, Felix Ahorsu, Seth Wanye, Robin Bailey, Joseph B Koroma, Agatha Aboe, Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum
BACKGROUND: In order to achieve elimination of trachoma, a country needs to demonstrate that the elimination prevalence thresholds have been achieved and then sustained for at least a two-year period. Ghana achieved the thresholds in 2008, and since 2011 has been implementing its trachoma surveillance strategy, which includes community and school screening for signs of follicular trachoma and trichiasis, in trachoma-endemic districts. In 2015-2016, the country conducted a district level population-based survey to validate elimination of trachoma as a public health problem...
December 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232692/trachomatous-scarring-among-children-in-a-formerly-hyper-endemic-district-of-tanzania
#3
Jacob T Cox, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila K West
BACKGROUND: Associations between repeated ocular infections with Chlamydia trachomatis in childhood and conjunctival scarring in adulthood are well established. Trachomatous scarring (TS) in children has also been observed in hyper-endemic areas, but data are scant regarding childhood scarring in areas where trachoma has been reduced to hypo-endemic levels. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: In this cross-sectional study, a random sample of children, ages 1-9 years, were selected from 38 communities in the formerly hyper-endemic district of Kongwa, Tanzania...
December 12, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232673/association-between-urinary-alpha1-microglobulin-levels-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Juanwen Zhang, Xuyao Zhang, Ying Zhao, Guocai Lv
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the association between urinary alpha1-microglobulin (A1M) levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a Chinese population. STUDY: We performed a cross-sectional study among 2,215 Chinese who attended their annual health examination at First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University. Urinary A1M-creatinine ratio and other clinical and laboratory parameters were measured. RESULTS: A total of 20...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232604/identifying-gaps-in-the-implementation-of-naloxone-programs-for-laypersons-in-the-united-states
#5
Barrot H Lambdin, Jon Zibbell, Eliza Wheeler, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic in the United States (US) continues to generate significant increases in morbidity and mortality with no sign of decline. Overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs are highly effective at preventing opioid overdose mortality. We assessed the geographical distribution of overdose mortality and OEND programs in the US. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, ecological study of all 3142 counties in the United States...
December 9, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232567/mapping-network-connectivity-among-symptoms-of-social-anxiety-and-comorbid-depression-in-people-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#6
Alexandre Heeren, Payton J Jones, Richard J McNally
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and depressive symptoms often covary. Yet, uncertainty still abounds vis-à-vis the individual symptom-to-symptom associations between these two disorders. Inspired by the network approach to psychopathology that conceptualizes comorbidity as a natural consequence arising from bridge symptoms that can transmit activation from one disorder to the other, we applied network analytic methods to characterize the associations among core symptoms of SAD-i...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232566/association-of-total-zinc-iron-copper-and-selenium-intakes-with-depression-in-the-us-adults
#7
Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014 in the present study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were applied to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232565/parental-bonding-and-adolescents-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-in-pakistan
#8
Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W Y Chan, Matthias Schwannauer
INTRODUCTION: A quantitative cross sectional study was carried out to investigate the role of parental bonding in relation to depressive and anxious symptoms among secondary school adolescents in Pakistan. The study also aimed to investigate the construct validity of the parental bonding inventory in the cultural context of Pakistan. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1124 adolescents recruited from eight secondary schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Urdu translated versions of Parental Bonding Instrument (Qadir et al...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232462/incidence-and-spectrum-of-health-problems-among-travellers-to-myanmar
#9
Jutarmas Olanwijitwong, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Thitiya Ponam, Preechapol Puengpholpool, Chollasap Sharma, Lapakorn Chatapat, Vichan Pawan, Chatporn Kittitrakul, Watcharapong Piyaphanee
Background: The number of international travellers visiting Myanmar increases each year. However, information about pre-travel preparation and incidence of health problems among these travellers is limited. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at three international airports in Thailand. Travellers returning from Myanmar completed questionnaires querying demographic profile, pre-travel health preparations and health problems during their stay in Myanmar...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232388/more-than-the-eyes-can-see-the-worrying-scenario-of-canine-leishmaniasis-in-the-brazilian-side-of-the-triple-border
#10
Vanete Thomaz Soccol, Aline Kuhn Sbruzzi Pasquali, Eliane Maria Pozzolo, André de Souza Leandro, Luciana Chiyo, Rafael Antunes Baggio, Mario Sergio Michaliszyn, Carlos Silva, Patrícia Hoerner Cubas, Ricardo Peterlle, Otacilio Lopes de Souza Paz, Ivana Lucia Belmonte, Alceu Bisetto-Junior
A cross-sectional epidemiological study in the extreme-west of the state of Paraná was carried out to access the prevalence, distribution, and risk variables of canine Visceral Leishmaniases (cVL). This study was conducted in three areas, two cities of far west of Parana state: Foz do Iguaçu (FI) and Santa Terezinha de Itaipu (STI), and along two transects between these two municipalities. To sample the entire urban area, the cities (FI and STI) were divided into a grid of squares of 400 m2 (patch). Among the 526 patches, 123 in FI, 40 in the transects and 33 in STI were selected according to the 'worst scenario' criterion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232377/association-between-infrastructure-and-observed-quality-of-care-in-4-healthcare-services-a-cross-sectional-study-of-4-300-facilities-in-8-countries
#11
Hannah H Leslie, Zeye Sun, Margaret E Kruk
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly apparent that access to healthcare without adequate quality of care is insufficient to improve population health outcomes. We assess whether the most commonly measured attribute of health facilities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)-the structural inputs to care-predicts the clinical quality of care provided to patients. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Service Provision Assessments are nationally representative health facility surveys conducted by the Demographic and Health Survey Program with support from the US Agency for International Development...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232322/incidence-of-antidrug-antibodies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-argentina-treated-with-adalimumab-etanercept-or-infliximab-in-a-real-world-setting
#12
Pablo J Maid, Ricardo Xavier, Rosa M Real, Ron Pedersen, Qi Shen, Lisa Marshall, Gaston Solano, Cecilia Elena Borlenghi, Rodolfo Pardo Hidalgo
BACKGROUND: Biologic agents may induce immune responses that could impact drug action. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess antidrug antibodies (ADAs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Argentina treated with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab at a single visit and correlate it with efficacy outcomes. METHODS: In this subset analysis of a noninterventional, multinational, cross-sectional study (NCT01981473), adult patients with RA treated continuously for 6 to 24 months with etanercept, adalimumab, or infliximab were evaluated for ADAs and trough drug concentrations of 2 days or less prior to the next scheduled dose...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232320/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-the-functioning-and-health-status-of-a-low-income-population-an-example-of-a-disability-paradox
#13
Jorge A Esquivel-Valerio, Wendy Marisol Orzua-de la Fuente, Brenda R Vázquez-Fuentes, Mario Alberto Garza-Elizondo, Roberto Negrete-López, Daniel O Treviño-Montes, Rebeca Thelma Martínez-Villarreal, Jaqueline Rodríguez-Amado, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas, Adalberto Loyola-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the impact of osteoarthritis on the functioning and health status of individuals living in a low-income urban community in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, community-based study from December 2014 to November 2015, using the Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases methodology to identify cases of musculoskeletal disease in a sample of adults older than 18 years in Pueblo Nuevo, Apodaca, Mexico...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232319/knowledge-of-the-warning-signs-of-foot-ulcer-deterioration-among-patients-with-diabetes
#14
Yen-Fan Chin, Jiun-Ting Yeh, Hsing-Yi Yu, Li-Chueh Weng
BACKGROUND: Seeking treatment in a timely manner may prevent lower limb amputation subsequent to diabetic foot ulcers. Knowledge regarding the warning signs is one important factor that is related to the timely treatment seeking of patients with diabetic foot ulcers. However, there is no previous research on which aspects of such knowledge that patients with diabetes are lacking. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire that was designed to assess the knowledge of the warning signs of diabetic foot ulcer deterioration and to determine the knowledge of these warning signs among patients with a history of diabetic foot ulcers...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232317/attitude-of-nursing-students-toward-scientific-research-a-cross-sectional-study-in-turkey
#15
Seher Ünver, Remziye Semerci, Zeynep Kizilcik Özkan, Ilker Avcibaşi
BACKGROUND: Nursing, a social applied science, is a dynamic profession. Professional nurses must be curious, investigative, and open to learning as well as practice critical and analytic thinking to sustain their professionalism. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the attitudes of nursing students toward scientific research. METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study design was used. This study was conducted at a nursing department of a university in Turkey...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232214/the-comparison-between-effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-above-versus-below-the-median-nerve-in-mild-to-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Nadere Nikbakht, Bijan Forogh, Gholam Reza Raissi, Tannaz Ahadi, Safoora Ebadi, Peyman Roomizadeh, Hamid Reza Fadavi, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Bina Eftekharsadat
OBJECTIVE: In this study the clinical effectiveness of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection "above" versus "below" the median nerve for treatment of patients with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) was compared. DESIGN: This prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial included 44 patients with mild to moderate CTS. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups to receive ultrasound-guided injection of 40 mg triamcinolone either "above" or "below" the involved median nerve...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232170/correlates-of-never-testing-for-hiv-among-sexually-active-internet-recruited-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#17
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Kristi E Gamarel, Michael P Carey, Jane M Simoni
In the United States, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are disproportionately affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite great strides in HIV prevention, including biobehavioral HIV prevention strategies such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention, there has been relatively low uptake of these strategies. The success of biobehavioral prevention strategies requires HIV testing but a subset of GBMSM have never been tested. To optimize prevention efforts, we sought to understand the characteristics of GBMSM who report never testing for HIV...
December 12, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232054/high-speed-microscopy-for-in-vivo-monitoring-of-lymph-dynamics
#18
Mustafa Sarimollaoglu, Amanda J Stolarz, Dmitry A Nedosekin, Brittney R Garner, Terry W Fletcher, Ekaterina I Galanzha, Nancy J Rusch, Vladimir P Zharov
The lymphatic system contributes to body homeostasis by clearing fluid, lipids, plasma proteins, and immune cells from the interstitial space. Many studies have been performed to understand lymphatic function under normal conditions and during disease. Nevertheless, a further improvement in quantification of lymphatic behavior is needed. Here, we present advanced bright-field microscopy for in vivo imaging of lymph vessels and automated quantification of lymphatic function at temporal resolution of 2 ms. Full frame videos were compressed and recorded continuously at up to 540 frames per second...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231984/evidence-for-increased-chylomicron-remnants-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Benjamin Burggraaf, Deborah F van Breukelen-van der Stoep, Jendé van Zeben, Noelle van der Meulen, Gert-Jan M van de Geijn, Anho Liem, Pedro Valdivielso, José Rioja Villodres, José Ramírez-Bollero, Ellen van der Zwan, Manuel Castro Cabezas
BACKGROUND: Levels of apolipoprotein (apo) B48 may be increased in conditions associated with systemic inflammation and increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We aimed to evaluate apo B48 levels in patients with RA in relation to subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: Patients with RA (without CVD) and controls without RA but with high CVD risk (based on the presence of diabetes mellitus or a history of CVD) and healthy controls, were included in this cross-sectional study...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231963/body-composition-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-diagnosed-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-focus-on-sarcopenic-obesity
#20
Christopher J C Marriott, Lesley F Beaumont, Troy H Farncombe, Amy N Cranston, Uma H Athale, Valerie N Yakemchuk, Colin E Webber, Ronald D Barr
BACKGROUND: The late effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include disordered body composition, especially obesity. Less attention has been focused on the loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and the combined morbidity of sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of body composition was undertaken via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 75 long-term survivors of ALL (more than 10 years after the diagnosis). Measures were obtained of the fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (equivalent to the lean body mass [LBM]), and whole-body bone mineral content...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
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