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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340500/advanced-practice-registered-nurses-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#1
Patricia J Kelly, An-Lin Cheng, Kimberly Carlson, Jacki Witt
INTRODUCTION: Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) are in an excellent position to address the high rates of unintended pregnancy in the United States by providing long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). These methods are significant in their effectiveness in preventing pregnancy in individual women and in having population-level effects on unintended pregnancy. The aim of this study was to learn more about APRN practices around long-acting reversible contraception and influences on those practices...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340442/neurocognitive-performance-as-an-endophenotype-for-mood-disorder-subgroups
#2
Alison K Merikangas, Lihong Cui, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that neurocognitive function may be an endophenotype for mood disorders. The goal of this study is to examine the specificity and familiality of neurocognitive functioning across the full range of mood disorder subgroups, including Bipolar I (BP-I), Bipolar II (BP-II), Major Depressive Disorders (MDD), and controls in a community-based family study. METHODS: A total of 310 participants from 137 families with mood spectrum disorders (n=151) and controls (n=159) completed the University of Pennsylvania's Computerized Neurocognitive Battery (CNB) that assessed the accuracy and speed of task performance across five domains...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340384/effects-of-waste-eggshells-and-sic-addition-on-specific-strength-and-thermal-expansion-of-hybrid-green-metal-matrix-composite
#3
Satpal Sharma, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi
Chicken eggshell waste is an industrial byproduct, and its disposal constitutes a serious environmental hazard. Chicken eggshell can be used in commercial products to produce new materials with low cost and density. Low density material which can sustain at higher temperature is a remarkable area of research. Keeping these facts in the mind, the present investigation aims to study the physical behaviour, specific strength and thermal expansion of AA2014/SiC/carbonized eggshell hybrid green metal matrix composites...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340367/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-diabetic-subjects-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-elsa-brasil-cohort-baseline
#4
Itamar S Santos, Márcio S Bittencourt, Alessandra C Goulart, Maria Inês Schmidt, Maria de Fátima H S Diniz, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies have analyzed the association between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and insulin resistance, glucose levels or glycated hemoglobin with mixed results. We aimed to evaluate the association between CIMT and homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), fasting and post-load plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. METHODS: We included 8028 participants (aged 35-74 years) without diabetes or overt cardiovascular disease who had complete CIMT data at baseline...
March 10, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340365/emotion-regulation-strategies-mediate-the-associations-of-positive-and-negative-affect-to-upper-extremity-physical-function
#5
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. METHODS: We enrolled 107 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness in this cross-sectional study. They completed self-report measures of positive and negative affect, emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), upper extremity physical function, pain intensity, and demographics...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340321/exploring-the-relationship-between-cognition-and-functional-verbal-reasoning-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-six-months-post-injury
#6
Petra Avramović, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Louise Hunt, Sheila MacDonald, Rob Heard, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to determine the association between cognitive impairment and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), at six months post-injury. METHOD(S): 38 participants with severe TBI were assessed using the four tasks on the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) [1] and a battery of neuropsychological tests at 6 months post injury in a cross-sectional observational study...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340316/quality-of-relationship-between-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-family-members
#7
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty
OBJECTIVES: The quality of the relationship between patients with many illnesses and their family members has been shown to affect the well-being of both. Yet, relationship quality has not been studied in traumatic brain injury (TBI), and giving and receiving aspects have not been distinguished. The present study of veterans with TBI examined associations between relationship quality and caregiver burden, satisfaction with caregiving, and veterans' competence in interpersonal functioning, rated by veterans and family members...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340314/ocular-manifestations-in-children-with-juvenile-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
Ghada Gawdat, Dina El-Fayoumi, Huda Marzouk, Yomna Farag
PURPOSE: To study the ocular manifestations of juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), including the ocular side-effects of the systemic medications used. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on 40 children diagnosed with JSLE was conducted. Ophthalmological and laboratory investigations as well as a calculation of the Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) were performed. RESULTS: Forty consecutive children, 32 females and 8 males, with JSLE were examined...
March 24, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340250/improving-safety-culture-in-hospitals-facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementation-of-systemic-falls-investigative-method-sfim
#9
Aleksandra A Zecevic, Alvin Ho-Ting Li, Charity Ngo, Michelle Halligan, Anita Kothari
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the facilitators and barriers to implementation of the Systemic Falls Investigative Method (SFIM) on selected hospital units. Design: A cross-sectional explanatory mixed methods design was used to converge results from a standardized safety culture survey with themes that emerged from interviews and focus groups. Findings were organized by six elements of the Ottawa Model of Research Use framework. Setting: A geriatric rehabilitation unit of an acute care hospital and a neurological unit of a rehabilitation hospital were selected purposefully due to the high frequency of falls...
March 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340237/pain-and-cognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#10
R Scherder, N Kant, E Wolf, A C M Pijnenburg, E Scherder
Objective. : The goal of the present study was to examine the relationship between pain and cognition in patients with multiple sclerosis. Design. : Cross-sectional. Setting. : Nursing home and personal environment of the investigators. Subjects. : Two groups of participants were included: 91 patients with multiple sclerosis and 80 matched control participants. Methods. : The level of pain was measured by the following pain scales: Number of Words Chosen-Affective, Colored Analogue Scale for pain intensity and suffering from pain, and the Faces Pain Scale...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340233/increase-in-drug-overdose-deaths-involving-fentanyl-rhode-island-january-2012-march-2014
#11
Melissa C Mercado, Steven A Sumner, M Bridget Spelke, Michele K Bohm, David E Sugerman, Christina Stanley
Objective.:  This study identified sociodemographic, substance use, and multiple opioid prescriber and dispenser risk factors among drug overdose decedents in Rhode Island, in response to an increase in overdose deaths (ODs) involving fentanyl. Methods.:  This cross-sectional investigation comprised all ODs reviewed by Rhode Island's Office of the State Medical Examiners (OSME) during January 2012 to March 2014. Data for 536 decedents were abstracted from OSME's charts, death certificates, toxicology reports, and Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) databases...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340230/determinants-of-opioid-prescribing-for-nonmalignant-chronic-pain-in-us-outpatient-settings
#12
Rafia S Rasu, Maureen E Knell
Study Objectives.:  Identify prescribing trends for opioid use in non-malignant chronic pain (NMCP) from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS). Determine predictors of opioid use based on patient-specific factors. Design.:  This cross-sectional study analyzed NAMCS data from 2000 to 2007. Pain medications prescribed were retrieved using NAMCS drug codes. Multivariate logistic models examined determinants of opioid prescribing among NMCP patients...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340208/health-care-on-equal-terms-assessing-horizontal-equity-in-health-care-use-in-northern-sweden
#13
Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A Mosquera, Nawi Ng, Per E Gustafsson
The Swedish health care system has successively moved toward increased market-orientation, which has raised concerns as to whether Sweden still offers health on equal terms. To explore this issue, this study aimed (i) to assess if the principles of horizontal equity (equal access for equal need regardless of socio-economic factors) are met in Northern Sweden 2006-14; and (ii) to explore the contribution of different factors to the inequalities in access along the same period. Data came from cross sectional surveys known in 2006, 2010 and 2014 targeting 16-84-year-old residents in the four northern-most counties in Sweden...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340149/individual-and-regional-determinants-for-physical-therapy-utilization-in-germany-multilevel-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#14
Alexander Rommel, Lars Eric Kroll
Background: Physical therapy (PT) is included in many clinical guidelines and a commonly used health service. However, access to its benefits should not strongly depend on social or demographic factors. Objective: The present study used the Andersen model to explain to what extent PT utilization in Germany depends on factors beyond medical need. Methods: The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS, 2008-2011; target population, 18-79 years) is part of the German health-monitoring system...
March 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340134/primary-motor-cortex-organization-is-altered-in-persistent-patellofemoral-pain
#15
Maxine Te, Abrahão F Baptista, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
Objective.:  Reorganization of the primary motor cortex (M1) may be a feature of persistent patellofemoral pain (PFP), but no studies have investigated M1 organization in this condition. Here we aimed to examine the organization of the M1 representation of the quadriceps muscles in people with PFP and healthy controls. Design.:  Using a cross-sectional design, the M1 representation of the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis was mapped using transcranial magnetic stimulation in 11 individuals with PFP and 11 controls...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340107/association-between-the-application-of-iso-9001-2008-alone-or-in-combination-with-health-specific-standards-and-quality-related-activities-in-hungarian-hospitals
#16
Viktor Dombrádi, Orsolya Karola Csenteri, János Sándor, Sándor Godény
Objective: To investigate how International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001 and the Hungarian Health Care Standards (HHCS) certifications are associated with quality management, patient safety, patient rights and human resource management activities. Design: A cross-sectional study was implemented using the 2009 Hungarian hospital survey's database. Setting: Hungary. Participants: Fifty-three general hospitals were included in the statistical analysis...
March 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340102/impact-of-unrestricted-access-to-pregabalin-on-the-use-of-opioids-and-other-cns-active-medications-a-cross-sectional-time-series-analysis
#17
Herman Kwok, Wayne Khuu, Kimberly Fernandes, Diana Martins, Mina Tadrous, Samantha Singh, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
Objective. : Access to pregabalin via Ontario's public drug insurance program was expanded to an unrestricted model on April 1, 2013, from a prior authorization model. This study aims to identify the effect of expanded access on the rate of pregabalin use by publicly insured persons and to assess the characteristics of new patients initiating pregabalin following this expanded access. Methods. : We conducted a cross-sectional time series analysis using the linked health administrative records of residents of Ontario, Canada, with public drug coverage who were dispensed a prescription for pregabalin between April 1, 2006, and December 31, 2014...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340069/the-association-of-post-traumatic-and-postmigration-stress-with-pain-and-other-somatic-symptoms-an-explorative-analysis-in-traumatized-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#18
Naser Morina, Alexa Kuenburg, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
Objective.:  Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatic symptoms, such as pain, are frequently seen in refugees. Their relationship is poorly understood, and the treatment of these comorbid conditions can be very challenging. The current cross-sectional study examined pain and other somatic symptoms and their relationship with trauma history, PTSD symptom clusters, and current living difficulties among treatment-seeking refugees. Methods.:  One hundred thirty-four treatment-seeking traumatized refugees (78% male, mean age = 42 years) were assessed regarding lifetime traumatic experiences, symptoms of post-traumatic stress, overall pain and somatic symptoms, and postmigration living difficulties...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340051/protective-factors-for-work-ability-in-preschool-teachers
#19
I Sottimano, S Viotti, G Guidetti, D Converso
Background: Work ability (WA) describes the physical and intellectual resources on which individuals can rely to respond to work demands. While several studies have investigated the protective role of work-related psychosocial factors on WA, only a few have examined differences across age cohorts. Moreover, few studies have investigated WA in the educational context and most of those did not consider preschool teachers. Aims: To examine the role of psychosocial factors (support from colleagues, support from supervisors, work meaning, reward, skill discretion and autonomy) in sustaining WA among preschool teachers in different age cohorts...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340045/age-related-patterns-in-cancer-pain-and-its-psychosocial-impact-investigating-the-role-of-variability-in-physical-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#20
Lynn R Gauthier, Robert H Dworkin, David Warr, Rebecca Pillai Riddell, Alison K Macpherson, Gary Rodin, Camilla Zimmermann, S Lawrence Librach, Malcolm Moore, Frances A Shepherd, Lucia Gagliese
Objective. : Age-related patterns in cancer pain remain equivocal. Most studies ignore heterogeneity across multiple domains of well-being, and the potential role of physical (PH) and mental health (MH) quality of life (QOL) in these age-related patterns is unknown. We investigated the relationships between age and cancer pain intensity, qualities, and interference, and physical and psychosocial adaptation and the interaction between age and PH and MH QOL on pain and adaptation to cancer pain...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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