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C Foguem, M Lemdani, C Huart
BACKGROUND: Human nasal chemosensation is mediated by two separate, though interacting sensory pathways: the trigeminal and olfactory systems. Trigeminal sensitivity and olfacto-trigeminal interactions have not yet been well studied in idiopathic Parkinsons disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess odour detection thresholds in elderly IPD patients, and compare them to the odour detection thresholds of healthy controls. Finally, we investigated potential interactions between trigeminal and olfactory sensitivity...
March 18, 2018: Rhinology
Yaping Chu, Aron S Buchman, C W Olanow, Jeffrey H Kordower
BACKGROUND: Understanding the pathological changes underlying mild motor features of the eldery and defining a patient population with prodromal Parkinson's disease (PD) are of great clinical importance. It remains unclear, however, how to accurately and specifically diagnose prodromal PD. We examined whether older adults with minimal parkinsonian motor features have nigrostriatal degeneration and α-synuclein pathology consistent with prodromal PD. METHODS: Brain sections were obtained from older adults with a clinical diagnosis of PD (N=21) and without a clinical diagnosis of PD (N=27) who underwent motor examination proximate to death...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Gregory A Poland, Richard B Kennedy, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Ricardo Palacios, Paulo Lee Ho, Jorge Kalil
Zika virus is an emerging pathogen of substantial public health concern to human beings. Although most infections are asymptomatic or present with benign, self-limited symptoms, a small percentage of patients have complications, such as congenital anomalies in the developing fetus of pregnant women infected with the virus and neurological complications (eg, Guillain-Barré syndrome). To date, there is no vaccine, antiviral drug, or other modality available to prevent or treat Zika virus infection. In this Review, we examine vaccine development efforts for Zika virus to date and research gaps in the development of candidate vaccines against Zika virus...
January 25, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Hack-Lyoung Kim, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim, Joo-Hee Zo
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction and subsequent overt heart failure are more prevalent in elderly women. Close interaction between arterial stiffness and LV morphology/function has been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an age- and gender-dependent relationship between arterial stiffness and LV diastolic function. A total of 819 subjects (58.6 ± 13.3 years, 50.2% men) without structural heart disease (LV ejection fraction ≥50%) were retrospectively analyzed...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Magdalena Andrzejczak-Karbowska, Robert Irzmański
Chronic heart failure (CHF), despite the preventive measures taken is the most common problem of modern cardiology. The aging of the body predisposes to the development of PNS, because qualitative changes taking place in the heart of the patient in the elderly are similar to those occurring among patients with heart failure. A growing problem of eldery patients becomes a deterioration of physical fitness leading to the reduction of activity and sedentary lifestyle. There is no doubt that increasing physical activity in the elderly should aim not only to restore the patient to a previous level of functioning, but also improve their physical resources to a higher level of efficiency and to facilitate independent functioning in everyday life...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Pedro Arroyo, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo
The aim of this review is to present scientific evidence on the biological, dietary, cultural and economic advantages of cow´s milk and dairy products intake in adults, with emphasis on the elderly. The role of milk and dairy products as part of the regular diet, as well as their contribution to a healthy diet for the aged population is described. The updated scientific references on the importance of milk and dairy products on the dietary management of the most prevalent diseases of the eldery -among these energy-protein malnutrition, sarcopenia, obesity, sarcopenic obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases- are presented...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Ahmad Elderie, Abhi Reddy, Farhan Zafar, Russel Hirsch, David L S Morales
When the interventricular septum is intact, a well-formed non-systemic ventricle with no outlet is prone to hypertension and hypertrophy after Fontan operation. Herein, we report a patient who had a complex d-transposition of the great arteries palliated over 14 years ago with a Fontan operation and presented with a hypertensive left ventricle (LV) contributing to heart failure. He underwent surgical creation of a ventricular septal defect to decompress the LV and was able to resume his desired lifestyle.
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Ying Jiang, Yu-xiu Ma, Liu Hong-bin, Bing Zhu, Liang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the pulse pressure (PP) and atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) in middle-age and eldery paients with hyperensio, so as to provide the basis for the diagnosis and treatment of ARAS. METHODS: We tetro spectively analyzed the data of 257 patients with hypertension undergoing renal arteriography at General Hospital of PLA between 2009 and 2014. Their mean age was (64.09 +/- 7.81) years. According the results of arteriography, they were divided into two groups: ARAS group (n = 145), and non-ARAS group (n = 112)...
September 2015: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Vladimir Bancević, Predrag Aleksić, Novak Milović, Aleksandar Spasić, Bozidar Kovacević, Perica Tosevski, Zoran Campara, Radovan Milosević, Snezana Cerović
BACKGROUND/AIM: Radical cystectomy is the method of choice for the treatment of muscle invasive bladder cancer. This major surgery is associated with many complications, especially in older patients. The aim of this study was to analyze preoperative comorbidity, and intraoperative and postoperative complicatons in patients older than 75 years. METHODS: This clinical, retrospective study included 46 patients over 75 years, who underwent radical cystectomy. Indications for surgery, and complications during and after the surgery were followed up...
February 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
Seizo Yamamoto
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of arthritis, and is associated with significant pain and disability. Epidemiological study showed a large number of the eldery in Japan suffered OA, especially OA of the knee. Rapid diagnosis and conservative treatments those includes patient education, weight loss, exercise, physical and occupational therapy are effective at early stage. Pharmacologic treatment are acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective agents...
October 2014: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Muhittin Ertilav, Aykut Ozkul, Ayşın Zeytinoğlu, Sait Sen, Savaş Sipahi, Hüseyin Töz, Omer Kitiş, Cenk Eraslan
West Nile virus (WNV) infection which is asymptomatic or mild in normal population, it may cause serious clinical conditions leading to death in eldery and immunosupressed patients. The virus is mainly transmitted by mosquito bites, however transfusion, transplantation, transplasental and nosocomial ways have also been reported to be responsible for viral transmission. It is known that WNV may cause life-threatining conditions such as central nervous system (CNS) infections especially in bone marrow and solid organ transplant recipients...
October 2014: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Ana Azevedo, Brenda Domingues, Raquel Pimenta da Rocha, Rita Eiriz, Vanessa Xavier
INTRODUCTION: The growing concern surrounding health safety issues makes it essential that everyone, in particular the elderly due to their commonly prescribed multiple drugs, has a complete and up to date list of prescriptions. We planned to assess the quality of the electronic records of prolonged medication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational, transversal and descriptive study, with an analytical component, in which we assessed the technical quality of prolonged medication records of elderly patients of four primary health care, before and after a guided intervention...
September 2014: Acta Médica Portuguesa
G G aminova, D E Grigorenko, M R Sapin, V A Mkhitarov
Using histological methods, the esophageal wall structure and the cytoarchitectonics of mucous membrane were studied in the individuals of elderly (n = 5) and senile (n = 10) age. The control group included the individuals of I (n = 3) and II (n = 3) periods of mature age. It was demonstrated that with advancing age in most cases the destructive processes took place in the epithelium (delamination of the layer, separation of large fragments, formation of microerosions etc.) in most of the studied cases. Lymphocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils were found between the epithelial cells; the numbers of infiltrating cells was increased 2-3 times during aging...
2014: Morfologi︠a︡
Jun Le Liu, Xiao Lin Wang, Mao Wei Gong, Hai Xing Mai, Shu Jun Pei, Wei Xiu Yuan, Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures have unacceptably high rates of postoperative complications and mortality. Whether anesthesia type can affect the outcomes has still been inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: We compared general anesthesia (GA) and peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) on postoperative complications and mortality in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures (FNF) undergoing hemiarthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study involved data collection from an electronic database...
2014: Patient Preference and Adherence
N Avramovic, V Dragutinovic, D Krstic, Mb Colovic, A Trbovic, S de Luka, I Milovanovic, T Popovic
BACKGROUND: The omega 3 fatty acids play an important role in many physiological processes. Their effect is well documented in neurodegenerative diseases and inflammatory diseases. Also, aging as a biophysiological process could be influenced by eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) components of fish oil. However there are not many studies showing the effect of PUFA (polyunsaturated FA) suplementation in eldery brain functions and the response to oxidative strees. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on levels of lipid peroxidation and oxidant/antioxidant status of brain tissue in aged (24 months old) Wistar rats...
July 2012: Hippokratia
Ayumi Saito, Yasuo Terayama
Seizure is defined as "a strong shrinkage state of the skeletal muscle which is involuntary, and occurs spasmodically" and it is often accompanied by disturbance of consciousness. The typical disease which causes seizure is epilepsy. But there is many conditions causing seizure. Therefore, diagnosis of epilepsy should be careful. Seizure among eldery increases in an era of an aging population in Japan. The risk of recurrence of seizure or epilepsy in elderly is higher than that in youth. In considering of the treatment of seizure among elderly, differential diagnosis from various condition must be done...
June 2013: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Martin Wiesholzer
The number of elderly patients with end stage renal disease is constantly increasing. Conventional hämodiaylsis as the mainstay of renal replacement therapy is often poorly tolerated by frail eldery patients with multiple comorbidities. Although many of these patients would prefer a home based dialysis treatment, the number of elderly patients using peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still low. Impaired physical and cognitive function often generates insurmountable barriers for self care peritoneal dialysis. Assisted peritoneal dialysis can overcome many of these barriers and give elderly patients the ability of a renal replacement therapy in their own homes respecting their needs...
June 2013: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
M Van Steenkiste
Streptococcus pneumoniae is responsible for a large number of invasive infections and upper respiratory tract infections in infants, elderly and patients with high complication risk. Currently, two types of vaccine are available on the Belgian market. In the context of pharmaceutical care, it is important for pharmacists to know their specific characteristics and differences. In this article we try to explain these and to motivate their use in different patient populations. The 23-valent vaccine is different from the 13-valent vaccine, not only in number of serotypes, but also in its presentation as respectively polysaccharide- and conjugated vaccine which affects the immunogenicity...
March 2013: Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique
Lai-Yi Wong, Ping-Chung Leung, Suet-Yee Pang, King-Fai Cheng, Chun-Kwok Wong, Wai-Kei Lam, Kwok-Pui Fung, Tak-Fai Lau, Yee-Kit Tse, Chi-Yui Kwok
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a herbal formula in the prevention of influenza or influenza-like syndrome among elderies residing in old-people's home in Hong Kong. The secondary objectives are to investigate the quality of life (QOL) and symptomology changes among the herbal users and to evaluate the safety of this formula. METHODS: In ten old people's home or community centres in New Territories, Hong Kong, 740 eligible subjects agreed to join the study and were randomized to receive a herbal formula or a placebo on alternate days over 8 weeks...
April 2013: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Dorota Walczak, Aneta Kowal, Renata Jankowska
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most frequent chronic diseases. Slightly reversable and progressive decrease in airflow through the airways is characteristic for the disease. It has been brought up last years that COPD course influences not only pulmonary system status but also many co-existing diseases in the eldery, especially cardio-vascular diseases, such as: ischaemic heart disease, hypertension, heart arrythmias, heart infarction. Wide usage and established position in the treatment of cardio-vascular diseases have the antagonists of beta-adrenergic receptors (beta-blockers)...
December 2012: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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