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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522165/a-new-legal-treatment-for-psychopaths-perplexities-for-legal-thinkers
#1
REVIEW
Maria Isabel Gonzalez-Tapia, Ingrid Obsuth, Rachel Heeds
Public perception, fueled not only by popular and news media but also by expert claims that psychopaths are archetypes of evil: incorrigible, remorseless, cold-blooded criminals, whose crimes manifest in the most extreme levels of violence. But is there empirical evidence that psychopaths truly are what they are portrayed to be? If so, should the law respond, and adjust its treatment of psychopaths in court - permitting psychopathy to be admitted under an insanity defense and/or resulting in mitigation? In this paper, we demonstrate that fundamental questions from the law to science remain unanswered and must be addressed before any alternative treatment of psychopathy can be considered...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465272/global-diversity-and-academic-success-of-foreign-trained-academic-neurosurgeons-in-the-united-states
#2
Akshitkumar M Mistry, Nishant Ganesh Kumar, Rebecca A Reynolds, Andrew T Hale, John C Wellons, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the proportion of academic neurosurgeons in the United States (U.S.) who acquired residency training outside of the U.S. and compare their training backgrounds and academic success to those who received their residency training in the U.S. METHODS: We identified 1338 clinically-active academic neurosurgeons from 104 programs that participated in the neurosurgery residency match in the U.S. from January to February 2015. Their training backgrounds, current academic positions, and history of NIH grant awards from 2005-2014 were retrieved from publicly-accessible sources...
April 29, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451562/designing-a-medical-tourism-website-a-qualitative-study
#3
Mahnaz Samadbeik, Heshmatollah Asadi, Mohammad Mohseni, Afsaneh Takbiri, Ahmad Moosavi, Ali Garavand
BACKGROUND: Informing plays a prominent role in attracting medical tourists. The enjoyment of proper medical information systems is one of the most important tools for the attraction of medical tourists. Iran's ability in designing and implementing information networks has remained largely unknown. The current study aimed to explore information needs for designing a medical tourism website. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 2015 for designing Hospital Medical-Tourism Website (HMTW)...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450127/carcinogenicity-of-consumption-of-red-meat-and-processed-meat-a-review-of-scientific-news-since-the-iarc-decision
#4
REVIEW
José L Domingo, Martí Nadal
In October 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) issued a press release on the results of the evaluation of the carcinogenicity of red and processed meat. Based on the accumulated scientific literature, the consumption of red meat was classified as "probably carcinogenic to humans" and processed meat as "carcinogenic to humans". Given the importance of this topic, this review was aimed at revising the current state-of-the-art on the carcinogenicity of red and processed meat, some time after the IARC decision...
April 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443376/remote-ischemic-conditioning-and-renal-protection
#5
Georgios Giannopoulos, Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Vasiliki Panagopoulou, Manolis Vavuranakis, Michael W Cleman, Spyridon Deftereos
Over the course of the last 2 decades, the concept of remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has attracted considerable research interest, because RIC, in most of its embodiments offers an inexpensive way of protecting tissues against ischemic damage inflicted by a number of medical conditions or procedures. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common side effect in the context of various medical procedures, and RIC has been suggested as a means of reducing its incidence. Outcomes regarding kidney function have been reported in numerous studies that evaluated the effects of RIC in a variety of settings (eg, cardiac surgery, interventions requiring intravenous administration of contrast media)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431767/the-new-drug-conditional-approval-process-in-china-challenges-and-opportunities
#6
REVIEW
Xuefang Yao, Jinxi Ding, Yingfang Liu, Penghui Li
PURPOSE: Our aim was to characterize the newly established new drug conditional approval process in China and discuss the challenges and opportunities with respect to new drug research and development and registration. METHODS: We examined the new approval program through literature review, law analysis, and data analysis. Data were derived from published materials, such as journal articles, government publications, press releases, and news articles, along with statistical data from INSIGHT-China Pharma Databases, the China Food and Drug Administration website, the Center for Drug Evaluation website, the US Food and Drug Administration website, and search results published by Google...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407525/mind-the-gap-exploring-information-gaps-for-the-development-of-an-online-resource-hub-for-epilepsy-and-depression
#7
Rachel E Crooks, Meaghan Bell, Scott B Patten, Samuel Wiebe, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Andrew G Bulloch, Sophia Macrodimitris, Aaron Mackie, Khara M Sauro, Paolo Federico, Nathalie Jetté
PURPOSE: Depression is common in epilepsy, and is often under-detected and under-treated. The motivation to create a depression eHub for persons with epilepsy is to connect them to the best available online resources to effectively manage their depression. The study sought to: 1) identify facilitators and barriers to accessing resources related to management of epilepsy and/or depression and 2) discuss gaps in available resources (free and in the public domain) and 3) identify suggestions for future content...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406107/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-as-a-tool-to-increase-engagement-in-medical-education
#8
Basia Diug, Evie Kendal, Dragan Ilic
BACKGROUND: Social media is regularly used by undergraduate students. Twitter has a constant feed to the most current research, news and opinions of experts as well as organisations. Limited evidence exists that examines how to use social media platforms, such as Twitter, effectively in medical education. Furthermore, there is limited evidence to inform educators regarding social media's potential to increase student interaction and engagement. AIM: To evaluate whether social media, in particular Twitter, can be successfully used as a pedagogical tool in an assessment to increase student engagement with staff, peers and course content...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374641/why-highly-effective-drugs-are-not-enough-the-need-for-an-affordable-solution-to-eliminating-hcv
#9
C Nelson Hayes, Kazuaki Chayama
Because of the rapid pace of development of new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drugs, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is now increasingly considered curable. However, the emphasis on DAA therapies disregards key issues related to cost, availability, and antiviral resistance. Areas covered: This perspective provides an overview of current HCV therapies and the development of DAAs, followed by a discussion of the limitations of DAA therapy. A literature search was used to select relevant studies, and a web search for relevant news articles and press releases was conducted...
June 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372936/-every-person-s-just-different-women-s-experiences-with-counseling-for-early-pregnancy-loss-management
#10
Robin Wallace, Angela DiLaura, Christine Dehlendorf
BACKGROUND: Women have strong preferences for their choice of early pregnancy loss (EPL) management. However, current practice patterns suggest that some women may not be offered counseling about the full range of management options. To develop a foundation for quality counseling about EPL treatment, we elicited patients' perspectives regarding their preferences and values for communication during this decision-making process. METHODS: Twenty-one individual interviews were conducted with women who recently experienced EPL...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347594/the-training-of-specialists-in-family-and-community-health-nursing-according-to-the-supervisors-of-the-teaching-units
#11
Enrique Oltra-Rodríguez, José Ramón Martínez-Riera, María Isabel Mármol-López, Francisco Javier Pastor-Gallardo, Elvira Gras-Nieto, Ana Holgado-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current situation of the training of specialists in family and community nursing from the perspective of nurses responsible for teaching units. METHODS: Exploratory analysis using nominal group technique of the contributions made by representatives of 19 multidisciplinary teaching units in family and community care from 11 Spanish autonomous communities. They categorized and weighted those contributions. RESULTS: The emerging categories on the strengths and difficulties encountered related to the tutors, the environment where the training took place, the structure of the teaching unit, the organization of the teaching and the official programme of the speciality, the external supports and the theoretical training...
March 24, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347443/digital-disease-detection-a-systematic-review-of-event-based-internet-biosurveillance-systems
#12
Jesse O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Internet access and usage has changed how people seek and report health information. Meanwhile,infectious diseases continue to threaten humanity. The analysis of Big Data, or vast digital data, presents an opportunity to improve disease surveillance and epidemic intelligence. Epidemic intelligence contains two components: indicator based and event-based. A relatively new surveillance type has emerged called event-based Internet biosurveillance systems. These systems use information on events impacting health from Internet sources, such as social media or news aggregates...
May 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336082/-social-and-health-resources-in-catalonia-current-situation
#13
Ingrid Bullich-Marín, Pau Sánchez-Ferrín, Concepció Cabanes-Duran, Antoni Salvà-Casanovas
The network of social and health care has advanced since its inception. Furthermore, news services have been created and some resources have been adapted within the framework of respective health plans. This article presents the current situation of the different social and health resources in Catalonia, as well as the main changes that have occurred in recent years, more specifically in the period of the Health Plan 2011-2015. This period is characterised by an adaptation of the social and health network within the context of chronic care, for which the development of intermediate care resources has become the most relevant aspect...
March 20, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293758/news-of-biomedical-advances-in-hiv-relationship-to-treatment-optimism-and-expected-risk-behavior-in-us-msm
#14
Rick S Zimmerman, Allison L Kirschbaum
HIV treatment optimism and the ways in which news of HIV biomedical advances in HIV is presented to the most at-risk communities interact in ways that affect risk behavior and the incidence of HIV. The goal of the current study was to understand the relationships among HIV treatment optimism, knowledge of HIV biomedical advances, and current and expected increased risk behavior as a result of reading hypothetical news stories of further advances. Most of an online-recruited sample of MSM were quite knowledgeable about current biomedical advances...
March 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285693/high-risk-community-and-primary-care-providers-knowledge-about-and-barriers-to-low-dose-computed-topography-lung-cancer-screening
#15
Vani N Simmons, Jhanelle E Gray, Matthew B Schabath, Lauren E Wilson, Gwendolyn P Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Until recently, there has not been a valid and reliable screening test for lung cancer. As compared to chest X-ray, low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening has demonstrated greater sensitivity resulting in lung cancer diagnosis at an earlier stage, thereby reducing lung cancer mortality among high-risk individuals by 20%. In the current study, we sought to examine knowledge and attitudes about LDCT screening for lung cancer among an ethnically and racially diverse sample of high risk (HR) community members and primary care providers (PCP)...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278243/measuring-scientific-impact-beyond-academia-an-assessment-of-existing-impact-metrics-and-proposed-improvements
#16
James Ravenscroft, Maria Liakata, Amanda Clare, Daniel Duma
How does scientific research affect the world around us? Being able to answer this question is of great importance in order to appropriately channel efforts and resources in science. The impact by scientists in academia is currently measured by citation based metrics such as h-index, i-index and citation counts. These academic metrics aim to represent the dissemination of knowledge among scientists rather than the impact of the research on the wider world. In this work we are interested in measuring scientific impact beyond academia, on the economy, society, health and legislation (comprehensive impact)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257514/analysis-of-print-news-media-framing-of-ketamine-treatment-in-the-united-states-and-canada-from-2000-to-2015
#17
Melvyn W B Zhang, Ying X Hong, Syeda F Husain, Keith M Harris, Roger C M Ho
OBJECTIVES: There are multifaceted views on the use of ketamine, a potentially addictive substance, to treat mental health problems. The past 15 years have seen growing media coverage of ketamine for medical and other purposes. This study examined the print news media coverage of medical and other uses of ketamine in North America to determine orientations and trends over time. METHODS: Print newspaper coverage of ketamine from 2000 to 2015 was reviewed, resulting in 43 print news articles from 28 North American newspapers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235396/are-psychophysiological-arousal-and-self-reported-emotional-stress-during-an-oncological-consultation-related-to-memory-of-medical-information-an-experimental-study
#18
Leonie N C Visser, Marieke S Tollenaar, Jos A Bosch, Lorenz J P van Doornen, Hanneke C J M de Haes, Ellen M A Smets
Patients forget 20-80% of information provided during medical consultations. The emotional stress often experienced by patients during consultations could be one of the mechanisms that lead to limited recall. The current experimental study therefore investigated the associations between (analog) patients' psychophysiological arousal, self-reported emotional stress and their (long term) memory of information provided by the physician. One hundred and eighty one cancer-naïve individuals acted as so-called analog patients (APs), i...
January 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224686/addiction-research-and-theory-a-commentary-on-the-surgeon-general-s-report-on-alcohol-drugs-and-health
#19
Aldo Badiani, Kent C Berridge, Markus Heilig, David J Nutt, Terry E Robinson
The Office of the Surgeon General recently produced its first Report on the consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on health, making several very laudable policy recommendations. The Report also emphasizes the importance of adequate funding for biomedical research, which is good news for both researchers and patients. However, the Report is marred by a biased viewpoint on the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction. We highlight here four controversial issues that were depicted as facts in the Report, thereby potentially misleading non-expert readers about the current state-of-the-art understanding of the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction...
February 21, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148236/how-did-the-public-respond-to-the-2015-expert-consensus-public-health-guidance-statement-on-workplace-sedentary-behaviour-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith, Louise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, an expert consensus guidance statement was published recommending that office workers accumulate 2-4 h of standing and light activity daily and take regular breaks from prolonged sitting. This paper describes public responses to media coverage of the guidance, so as to understand public acceptability of the recommendations within the guidance, and perceptions of sitting and standing as health behaviours. METHODS: UK news media websites that had reported on the sedentary workplace guidance statement, and permitted viewers to post comments responding to the story, were identified...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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