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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336082/-social-and-health-resources-in-catalonia-current-situation
#1
Ingrid Bullich-Marín, Pau Sánchez-Ferrín, Concepció Cabanes-Duran, Antoni Salvà-Casanovas
The network of social and health care has advanced since its inception. Furthermore, news services have been created and some resources have been adapted within the framework of respective health plans. This article presents the current situation of the different social and health resources in Catalonia, as well as the main changes that have occurred in recent years, more specifically in the period of the Health Plan 2011-2015. This period is characterised by an adaptation of the social and health network within the context of chronic care, for which the development of intermediate care resources has become the most relevant aspect...
March 20, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293758/news-of-biomedical-advances-in-hiv-relationship-to-treatment-optimism-and-expected-risk-behavior-in-us-msm
#2
Rick S Zimmerman, Allison L Kirschbaum
HIV treatment optimism and the ways in which news of HIV biomedical advances in HIV is presented to the most at-risk communities interact in ways that affect risk behavior and the incidence of HIV. The goal of the current study was to understand the relationships among HIV treatment optimism, knowledge of HIV biomedical advances, and current and expected increased risk behavior as a result of reading hypothetical news stories of further advances. Most of an online-recruited sample of MSM were quite knowledgeable about current biomedical advances...
March 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285693/high-risk-community-and-primary-care-providers-knowledge-about-and-barriers-to-low-dose-computed-topography-lung-cancer-screening
#3
Vani N Simmons, Jhanelle E Gray, Matthew B Schabath, Lauren E Wilson, Gwendolyn P Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Until recently, there has not been a valid and reliable screening test for lung cancer. As compared to chest X-ray, low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening has demonstrated greater sensitivity resulting in lung cancer diagnosis at an earlier stage, thereby reducing lung cancer mortality among high-risk individuals by 20%. In the current study, we sought to examine knowledge and attitudes about LDCT screening for lung cancer among an ethnically and racially diverse sample of high risk (HR) community members and primary care providers (PCP)...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278243/measuring-scientific-impact-beyond-academia-an-assessment-of-existing-impact-metrics-and-proposed-improvements
#4
James Ravenscroft, Maria Liakata, Amanda Clare, Daniel Duma
How does scientific research affect the world around us? Being able to answer this question is of great importance in order to appropriately channel efforts and resources in science. The impact by scientists in academia is currently measured by citation based metrics such as h-index, i-index and citation counts. These academic metrics aim to represent the dissemination of knowledge among scientists rather than the impact of the research on the wider world. In this work we are interested in measuring scientific impact beyond academia, on the economy, society, health and legislation (comprehensive impact)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257514/analysis-of-print-news-media-framing-of-ketamine-treatment-in-the-united-states-and-canada-from-2000-to-2015
#5
Melvyn W B Zhang, Ying X Hong, Syeda F Husain, Keith M Harris, Roger C M Ho
OBJECTIVES: There are multifaceted views on the use of ketamine, a potentially addictive substance, to treat mental health problems. The past 15 years have seen growing media coverage of ketamine for medical and other purposes. This study examined the print news media coverage of medical and other uses of ketamine in North America to determine orientations and trends over time. METHODS: Print newspaper coverage of ketamine from 2000 to 2015 was reviewed, resulting in 43 print news articles from 28 North American newspapers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235396/are-psychophysiological-arousal-and-self-reported-emotional-stress-during-an-oncological-consultation-related-to-memory-of-medical-information-an-experimental-study
#6
Leonie N C Visser, Marieke S Tollenaar, Jos A Bosch, Lorenz J P van Doornen, Hanneke C J M de Haes, Ellen M A Smets
Patients forget 20-80% of information provided during medical consultations. The emotional stress often experienced by patients during consultations could be one of the mechanisms that lead to limited recall. The current experimental study therefore investigated the associations between (analog) patients' psychophysiological arousal, self-reported emotional stress and their (long term) memory of information provided by the physician. One hundred and eighty one cancer-naïve individuals acted as so-called analog patients (APs), i...
January 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224686/addiction-research-and-theory-a-commentary-on-the-surgeon-general-s-report-on-alcohol-drugs-and-health
#7
Aldo Badiani, Kent C Berridge, Markus Heilig, David J Nutt, Terry E Robinson
The Office of the Surgeon General recently produced its first Report on the consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on health, making several very laudable policy recommendations. The Report also emphasizes the importance of adequate funding for biomedical research, which is good news for both researchers and patients. However, the Report is marred by a biased viewpoint on the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction. We highlight here four controversial issues that were depicted as facts in the Report, thereby potentially misleading non-expert readers about the current state-of-the-art understanding of the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction...
February 21, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148236/how-did-the-public-respond-to-the-2015-expert-consensus-public-health-guidance-statement-on-workplace-sedentary-behaviour-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith, Louise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, an expert consensus guidance statement was published recommending that office workers accumulate 2-4 h of standing and light activity daily and take regular breaks from prolonged sitting. This paper describes public responses to media coverage of the guidance, so as to understand public acceptability of the recommendations within the guidance, and perceptions of sitting and standing as health behaviours. METHODS: UK news media websites that had reported on the sedentary workplace guidance statement, and permitted viewers to post comments responding to the story, were identified...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116925/ethnic-newspapers-and-low-income-spanish-speaking-adults-influence-of-news-consumption-and-health-motivation-on-cancer-prevention-behaviors
#9
Andy J King, Jakob D Jensen, Lisa M Guntzviller, Debora Perez Torres, Melinda Krakow
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic newspapers have the potential to reach and influence various cultural and ethnic subpopulations traditionally underserved in the United States. The current study sought to explore how ethnic news consumption interacts with health motivation to predict cancer prevention behaviors in a sample of Spanish-speaking adults. DESIGN: Participants (N = 100) completed a survey in Spanish, with items measuring demographics, acculturation, health literacy, health motivation, ethnic newspaper consumption (for two papers: La Viva and La Raza), and cancer prevention behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#10
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097527/breast-cancer-screening-and-social-media-a-content-analysis-of-evidence-use-and-guideline-opinions-on-twitter
#11
Anthony Nastasi, Tyler Bryant, Joseph K Canner, Mark Dredze, Melissa S Camp, Neeraja Nagarajan
There is ongoing debate regarding the best mammography screening practices. Twitter has become a powerful tool for disseminating medical news and fostering healthcare conversations; however, little work has been done examining these conversations in the context of how users are sharing evidence and discussing current guidelines for breast cancer screening. To characterize the Twitter conversation on mammography and assess the quality of evidence used as well as opinions regarding current screening guidelines, individual tweets using mammography-related hashtags were prospectively pulled from Twitter from 5 November 2015 to 11 December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094613/we-need-our-admiral-nurses
#12
(no author information available yet)
Despite the current emphasis on the importance of dementia care, it is disappointing to see Admiral Nurses falling victim to budget cuts (news online, 23 December).
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044621/paradoxes-of-an-assimilation-politics-media-production-of-gay-male-belonging-in-the-canadian-vital-public-from-the-tainted-blood-scandal-to-the-present
#13
Rory Crath, Cristian Rangel
Canadian media discourses on gay men's sexuality and political inclusion serve as a rich site for understanding current tensions in debates on sexual citizenship under biopolitical regimes. This paper addresses how public health reporting in one health news media source, Canada's leading newspaper The Globe and Mail, discursively produced contiguous understandings of the moral, social and biological dimensions of gay male subjectivity and sexuality within the context of HIV risk discourses. Specifically, we critically examine the newspaper's coverage of what constitutes the public good when national blood supplies are at stake...
January 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028047/content-analysis-of-uk-newspaper-and-online-news-representations-of-women-s-and-men-s-binge-drinking-a-challenge-for-communicating-evidence-based-messages-about-single-episodic-drinking
#14
C Patterson, C Emslie, O Mason, G Fergie, S Hilton
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, men's alcohol-related morbidity and mortality still greatly exceeds women's, despite an increase in women's alcohol consumption in recent decades. New UK alcohol guidelines introduce gender-neutral low-risk alcohol consumption guidance. This study explores how UK newspaper and online news represent women's and men's 'binge' drinking to identify opportunities to better align reporting of harmful drinking with evidence. DESIGN: Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 308 articles published in 7 UK national newspapers and the BBC News website between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 27, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024166/an-east-asian-perspective-on-the-interaction-between-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-clopidogrel
#15
Duowu Zou, Khean-Lee Goh
Both proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel are widely prescribed in the Asia-Pacific population. PPIs are the mainstay therapeutic agents for prophylaxis against aspirin gastropathy and for ARDs (Acid Related Disorders) including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). They are also co-prescribed with oral anticoagulant agents (OAAs)and with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for the treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Clopidogrel belongs to the drug class of thienopyridines, and is currently the most widely prescribed OAA either alone or in combination with aspirin...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005902/animals-in-the-zika-virus-life-cycle-what-to-expect-from-megadiverse-latin-american-countries
#16
REVIEW
Marina Galvão Bueno, Nádia Martinez, Lívia Abdalla, Claudia Nunes Duarte Dos Santos, Marcia Chame
Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in 1947 in primates in Uganda, West Africa. The virus remained confined to the equatorial regions of Africa and Asia, cycling between infecting monkeys, arboreal mosquitoes, and occasionally humans. The ZIKV Asiatic strain was probably introduced into Brazil in or around late 2013. Presently, ZIKV is in contact with the rich biodiversity in all Brazilian biomes, bordering on other Latin American countries. Infections in Brazilian primates have been reported recently, but the overall impact of this virus on wildlife in the Americas is still unknown...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996330/suicide-in-professional-american-football-players-in-the-past-95-years
#17
David Webner, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: To examine publicly-available information on all identified cases of suicide in active or former American professional football players between 1920 and the spring of 2015. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Professional American Football in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 26 702 athletes who had died, retired or were currently playing in the NFL from nfl.com since 1920 was identified. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Internet queries identifying 26 professional football players who completed suicide...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939361/d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vecu-for-news-events-but-not-personal-events-a-dissociation-between-autobiographical-and-non-autobiographical-episodic-memory-processing
#18
Martha S Turner, E Arthur Shores, Nora Breen, Max Coltheart
In déjà vu, the feeling that what we are currently experiencing we have experienced before is fleeting and is not accepted as true. In contrast, in déjà vecu or "recollective confabulation", the sense of déjà vu is persistent and convincing, and patients genuinely believe that they have lived through the current moment at some previous time. In previous reports of cases of déjà vecu, both personal events and non-personal, world events gave rise to this experience. In this paper we describe a patient whose déjà vecu experiences are entirely restricted to non-personal events, suggesting that autobiographical and non-autobiographical episodic memory processing can dissociate...
November 18, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936831/-how-readers-understand-causal-and-correlational-expressions-used-in-news-headlines-correction-to-adams-et-al-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "How Readers Understand Causal and Correlational Expressions Used in News Headlines" by Rachel C. Adams, Petroc Sumner, Solveiga Vivian-Griffiths, Amy Barrington, Andrew Williams, Jacky Boivin, Christopher D. Chambers and Lewis Bott (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 3, 2016, np). In the article, the fourth author was inadvertently omitted from the advance online version. Also, the second paragraph of the author note should have included the following: "Amy Barrington contributed to the design and data collection for Experiments 2 and 3...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912778/medical-priority-dispatch-codes-comparison-with-national-early-warning-score
#20
Marko Hoikka, Sami Länkimäki, Tom Silfvast, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: In Finland, calls for emergency medical services are prioritized by educated non-medical personnel into four categories-from A (highest risk) to D (lowest risk)-following a criteria-based national dispatch protocol. Discrepancies in triage may result in risk overestimation, leading to inappropriate use of emergency medical services units and to risk underestimation that can negatively impact patient outcome. To evaluate dispatch protocol accuracy, we assessed association between priority assigned at dispatch and the patient's condition assessed by emergency medical services on the scene using an early warning risk assessment tool...
December 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
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