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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429111/health-risk-assessment-of-drinking-arsenic-containing-groundwater-in-hasilpur-pakistan-effect-of-sampling-area-depth-and-source
#1
Riaz Ahmad Tabassum, Muhammad Shahid, Camille Dumat, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Sana Khalid, Noor Samad Shah, Muhammad Imran, Samina Khalid
Currently, several news channels and research publications have highlighted the dilemma of arsenic (As)-contaminated groundwater in Pakistan. However, there is lack of data regarding groundwater As content of various areas in Pakistan. The present study evaluated As contamination and associated health risks in previously unexplored groundwater of Hasilpur-Pakistan. Total of 61 groundwater samples were collected from different areas (rural and urban), sources (electric pump, hand pump, and tubewell) and depths (35-430 ft or 11-131 m)...
February 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424264/youth-resistance-training-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-the-year-that-was-2017
#2
Avery D Faigenbaum
The good news is that a growing body of evidence recognizes resistance training as foundational to long-term physical development. Original research and reviews published in 2017 conclude that early exposure to developmentally appropriate resistance training can improve markers of health, increase muscular fitness, enhance physical literacy, and reduce the risk of injury in young athletes. Although the papers discussed in the commentary add to our understanding of the pleiotropic benefits of youth resistance training, they also raise concerns...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423365/exploring-the-feelings-of-iranian-women-of-reproductive-age-about-health-care-seeking-behavior-a-qualitative-study
#3
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Tahereh Rahimi, Tahmineh Farajkhoda, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Siamak Mohebi
Background: Despite the important role of feelings in health care seeking behavior (HCSB), this subject has not yet been adequately investigated. HCSB-related feelings begin with the onset of disease symptoms and persist in different forms after treatment. The aim of current study was to explore the feelings that women of reproductive age experience when they seek health care. Methods: In this deductive, qualitative content analysis, participants were selected by purposeful sampling. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 17 women of reproductive age and 5 health care staffs in Qom, Iran were carried out until data saturation was achieved...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417952/beyond-journalism-theorizing-the-transformation-of-journalism
#4
Mark Deuze, Tamara Witschge
Journalism has enjoyed a rich and relatively stable history of professionalization. Scholars coming from a variety of disciplines have theorized this history, forming a consistent body of knowledge codified in national and international handbooks and canonical readers. However, recent work and analysis suggest that the supposed core of journalism and the assumed consistency of the inner workings of news organizations are problematic starting points for journalism studies. In this article, we challenge the consensual (self-)presentation of journalism - in terms of its occupational ideology, its professional culture, and its sedimentation in routines and organizational structures (cf...
February 2018: Journalism (Lond)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415047/does-engagement-predict-research-use-an-analysis-of-the-conversation-annual-survey-2016
#5
Pauline Zardo, Adrian G Barnett, Nicolas Suzor, Tim Cahill
The impact of research on the world beyond academia has increasingly become an area of focus in research performance assessments internationally. Impact assessment is expected to incentivise researchers to increase engagement with industry, government and the public more broadly. Increased engagement is in turn expected to increase translation of research so decision-makers can use research to inform development of policies, programs, practices, processes, products, and other mechanisms, through which impact can be realised...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410643/psychopathological-processes-involved-in-social-comparison-depression-and-envy-on-facebook
#6
REVIEW
Aurel Pera
Is Facebook utilization beneficial or detrimental for psychological well-being? I draw on outstanding research (e.g., Chou and Edge, 2012; Lin and Utz, 2015; Appel et al., 2016; Ehrenreich and Underwood, 2016; Vogel and Rose, 2016; Hu et al., 2017) to substantiate that examining other individuals' positively presented material on Facebook may have detrimental consequences. Increasing comparisons on Facebook may generate feelings of envy, the latter being a significant process determining the effect of growing social comparison on psychological well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409088/-news-about-copd-the-current-gold-recommendations-2017
#7
Michael Pfeifer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407717/everyday-false-memories-in-older-persons-with-depressive-disorder
#8
Karolina Sejunaite, Claudia Lanza, Matthias W Riepe
Generally we tend to think that memory in daily living is complete and accurate in healthy persons. However, current memory research has revealed inconspicuous memory faults. Rarely omissions and distortions of memory are researched with tasks resembling everyday life. We investigated healthy older control subjects (HC) and patients with depressive disorder (DD). Cognitive function was assessed with a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery and mood with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Scale (MADRS)...
January 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386372/supplemental-surveillance-a-review-of-2015-and-2016-agricultural-injury-data-from-news-reports-on-aginjurynews-org
#9
Bryan Weichelt, Serap Gorucu
BACKGROUND: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting industry is the most hazardous occupational sector in the USA. Even with this level of occupational risk, several national and state-level occupational injury surveillance programmes have been eliminated, leaving regional efforts to analyse multiple sources and compile data on agricultural injuries and fatalities. No up-to-date centralised national database for agricultural injuries/fatalities in the USA currently exists. OBJECTIVE: Using the public data on AgInjuryNews...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379381/malaysian-journal-of-medical-sciences-performance-status-in-2016
#10
EDITORIAL
Nour Azimah Zulkapli, Jafri Malin Abdullah
This editorial aims to report on the performance of the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS) in the year 2016. The performance report is based on an analysis of the auto-generated data compiled from the ScholarOne Manuscripts™. It will specifically focus on the pattern of manuscript submission, geographical distribution of contributors, manuscript submission by month and the acceptance-rejection rate of post-review manuscripts. It will also discuss the effects of the decision to raise the article acceptance standards...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369303/report-from-the-international-conference-on-viral-hepatitis-2017
#11
Vicente Soriano, Benjamin Young, Nancy Reau
The International Conference on Viral Hepatitis 2017 brought exciting news on the treatment of viral hepatitis. The most recent estimates of the burden for hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections were presented. The current gaps and prospects for regional and global eradication of viral hepatitis were discussed on the light of the WHO roadmap until 2030. Debates focused on hepatitis C and expectations using the new approved HCV pan-genotypic, once daily, oral direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), glecaprevir-pibrentasvir, and sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir...
January 25, 2018: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359690/from-latent-tuberculosis-infection-to-tuberculosis-news-in-diagnostics-quantiferon-plus
#12
Dagmara I Borkowska, Agnieszka M Napiórkowska, Sylwia A Brzezińska, Monika Kozińska, Anna T Zabost, Ewa M Augustynowicz-Kopeć
It is estimated that one third of the world's population have latent tuberculosis infection and that this is a significant reservoir for future tuberculosis cases. Most cases occur within two years following initial infection. The identification of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection is difficult due to the lack of an ideal diagnostic assay and incomplete understanding of latent infection. Currently, there are three tests: the oldest tuberculin skin test, T-SPOT.TB and the latest QuantiFERON-Plus for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection...
March 30, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350694/collaborative-practice-model-improving-the-delivery-of-bad-news
#13
Pamela N Bowman, Kim Slusser, Deborah Allen
Ideal bad news delivery requires skilled communication and team support. The literature has primarily focused on patient preferences, impact on care decisions, healthcare roles, and communication styles, without addressing systematic implementation. This article describes how an interdisciplinary team, led by advanced practice nurses, developed and implemented a collaborative practice model to deliver bad news on a unit that had struggled with inconsistencies. Using evidence-based practices, the authors explored current processes, role perceptions and expectations, and perceived barriers to developing the model, which is now the standard of care and an example of interprofessional team collaboration across the healthcare system...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349263/worldviews-and-trust-of-sources-for-health-information-on-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-effects-on-risk-perceptions-and-use
#14
Scott R Weaver, Amelia Jazwa, Lucy Popova, Paul Slovic, Richard B Rothenberg, Michael P Eriksen
Public health agencies, the news media, and the tobacco/vapor industry have issued contradictory statements about the health effects of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). We investigated the levels of trust that consumers place in different information sources and how trust is associated with cultural worldviews, risk perceptions, ENDS use, and sociodemographic characteristics using a nationally representative sample of 6051 U.S. adults in 2015. Seventeen percent of adults were uncertain about their trust for one or more potential sources...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344805/salivary-biomarkers-for-oral-cancer-and-pre-cancer-screening-a-review
#15
REVIEW
J Kaur, R Jacobs, Y Huang, N Salvo, C Politis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature assessing potential salivary biomarkers of oral cancer and pre-cancer and discuss emerging issues and challenges in relation to oral cancer and pre-cancer diagnostics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search for articles involved the Medline, PubMed, and EMBASE. Specific terms were used from January 1995 to March 2017 by three experts. RESULTS: This search collected 270 articles, of which 105 articles such as reviews, case reports, news, letter to editor, etc...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#16
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314118/frequency-of-risk-related-news-media-messages-in-2016-coverage-of-zika-virus
#17
Tara Kirk Sell, Crystal Watson, Diane Meyer, Marissa Kronk, Sanjana Ravi, Laura E Pechta, Keri M Lubell, Dale A Rose
News media plays a large role in the information the public receives during an infectious disease outbreak, and may influence public knowledge and perceptions of risk. This study analyzed and described the content of U.S. news media coverage of Zika virus and Zika response during 2016. A random selection of 800 Zika-related news stories from 25 print and television news sources was analyzed. The study examined 24 different messages that appeared in news media articles and characterized them using theories of risk perception as messages with characteristics that could increase perception of risk (risk-elevating messages; n = 14), messages that could decrease perception of risk (risk-minimizing messages; n = 8), or messages about travel or testing guidance (n = 2)...
January 3, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294999/when-a-wife-says-no-wife-sexual-refusal-as-a-factor-in-husband-wife-homicides-in-ghana
#18
Mensah Adinkrah
In Ghana, wife sexual refusal is a key factor in uxoricides or husband-to-wife murders. Despite this, there is a dearth of systematic research that examines sexual strife as a precipitant of domestic violence and spousal murder. The present article addresses the current lack of research by systematically examining 25 cases of homicides and attempted homicides where wives were lethally and nonlethally assaulted by their husbands following the former's refusal to engage in husband-initiated sexual intercourse...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285638/the-use-of-online-posts-to-identify-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparison-to-a-systematic-review-of-the-peer-reviewed-literature
#19
Alisse Hannaford, Madeleine Lipshie-Williams, Joanna L Starrels, Julia H Arnsten, Jessica Rizzuto, Phillip Cohen, Damon Jacobs, Viraj V Patel
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains an under-utilized HIV prevention tool among men who have sex with men (MSM). To more comprehensively elucidate barriers and facilitators to PrEP use among US MSM, we conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed published articles and content analysis of online posts about PrEP. We searched peer-reviewed databases (Medline, Web of Science, Google Scholar) using MESH headings and keywords about PrEP and/or HIV prevention from 2005 to 2015. We included original studies among MSM in the US that reported on barriers, facilitators, or other factors related to PrEP use...
December 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250700/ethical-dilemmas-in-communicating-bad-news-following-histopathology-examination
#20
Dan Alexandru Constantin, IonuŢ Horia Cioriceanu, Marilena Monica ţânŢu, Daniela Popa, Dana Bădău, Victoria Burtea, Gabriela CodruŢa Nemet, Liliana Marcela Rogozea
PURPOSE: The study proposes an analysis of the ethical aspects that occur in communicating bad news following histopathology laboratory tests in medical practice, in particular in the case of the anatomical pathology diagnosis confirming a medical condition of poor prognosis. BACKGROUND: Over the last decades, the progress of science and technology in the medical field, as well as the explosive increase of specialist information available on the Internet have led to unprecedented ethical issues related to the communication modality of histopathology test results to patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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