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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236547/the-impact-of-smokeless-tobacco-risk-information-on-smokers-risk-perceptions-and-use-intentions-a-news-media-experiment
#1
Olivia A Wackowski, Michelle T Bover Manderski, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo
Little research exists on the impact of risk information comparing smokeless tobacco (SLT) use, particularly snus, to cigarette smoking. This study explored this topic using a communication channel where smokers may be exposed to such information-the news media. We randomly assigned 1008 current smokers to read one of three constructed news stories or to a control group (no article). The "favorable" story framed snus as a "safer" smoking alternative while the "cautious" story described snus risks. The "mixed" version described potential risks and harm-reduction benefits...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235919/fake-news-a-technological-approach-to-proving-the-origins-of-content-using-blockchains
#2
Steve Huckle, Martin White
In this article, we introduce a prototype of an innovative technology for proving the origins of captured digital media. In an era of fake news, when someone shows us a video or picture of some event, how can we trust its authenticity? It seems that the public no longer believe that traditional media is a reliable reference of fact, perhaps due, in part, to the onset of many diverse sources of conflicting information, via social media. Indeed, the issue of "fake" reached a crescendo during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election, when the winner, Donald Trump, claimed that The New York Times was trying to discredit him by pushing disinformation...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217685/scale-free-amplitude-modulation-of-neuronal-oscillations-tracks-comprehension-of-accelerated-speech
#3
Ana Filipa Teixeira Borges, Anne-Lise Giraud, Huibert D Mansvelder, Klaus Linkenkaer-Hansen
Speech comprehension is preserved up to a three-fold acceleration but rapidly deteriorates at higher speeds. Current models posit that perceptual resilience to accelerated speech is limited by the brain's ability to parse speech into syllabic units using delta/theta oscillations. Here, we ask whether the involvement of neuronal oscillations in processing accelerated speech also relates to their scale-free amplitude modulation as indexed by the strength of long-range temporal correlations (LRTC). We recorded magnetoencephalography (MEG) while 24 human subjects (12 females) listened to radio news uttered at different comprehensible rates, at a mostly unintelligible rate, and at this same speed interleaved with silence gaps...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189647/the-use-of-simulation-in-physician-assistant-programs-a-national-survey
#4
Donald Coerver, Nina Multak, Ashley Marquardt, Eric H Larson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a national-level description of the current use of simulation activities in physician assistant (PA) education and to assess the degree to which the use of simulation varies by PA program size and institutional type. METHODS: An electronic survey on medical simulation was sent to 177 PA program directors or to a designated simulation activities coordinator, using the directory on the Physician Assistant Education Association website...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138539/patient-reported-benefits-from-patient-organization-magazines-and-internet-based-peer-support-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#5
Vinaya Manchaiah, Ilmari Pyykkö, Jing Zou, Hilla Levo, Erna Kentala
Objectives: To facilitate self-help, the Finnish Ménière's Federation (FMF) provides various kinds of support to persons with Ménière's disease (MD), which includes patient magazines (PM) and Internet-based peer support (iPS). The current study aimed to evaluate the benefits reported by MD patients in terms of PM and iPS. Method: The study used a cross-sectional survey design with a mixture of structured and open-ended questions administered online. A sample of 185 patients from the FMF membership database provided complete data...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108986/-i-just-don-t-know-an-exploration-of-women-s-ambivalence-about-a-new-pregnancy
#6
Abigail Cutler, Blair McNamara, Neena Qasba, Holly Powell Kennedy, Lisbet Lundsberg, Aileen Gariepy
PURPOSE: We sought to examine how ambivalence manifests in women's lives after confirmation of a new pregnancy by exploring women's feelings, attitudes, and experiences regarding pregnancy intentions, the news itself, and related pregnancy decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited women aged 15 to 44 and at less than 24 completed weeks of gestational age from urban, walk-in pregnancy testing clinics in New Haven, Connecticut, from June 2014 to June 2015. We obtained quantitative and qualitative data via an enrollment survey and face-to-face, semistructured interviews, respectively...
November 3, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107976/piecing-together-the-puzzle-improving-event-content-coverage-for-real-time-sub-event-detection-using-adaptive-microblog-crawling
#7
Laurissa Tokarchuk, Xinyue Wang, Stefan Poslad
In an age when people are predisposed to report real-world events through their social media accounts, many researchers value the benefits of mining user generated content from social media. Compared with the traditional news media, social media services, such as Twitter, can provide more complete and timely information about the real-world events. However events are often like a puzzle and in order to solve the puzzle/understand the event, we must identify all the sub-events or pieces. Existing Twitter event monitoring systems for sub-event detection and summarization currently typically analyse events based on partial data as conventional data collection methodologies are unable to collect comprehensive event data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104409/two-wrongs-make-a-right-addressing-underreporting-in-binary-data-from-multiple-sources
#8
Scott J Cook, Betsabe Blas, Raymond J Carroll, Samiran Sinha
Media-based event data-i.e., data comprised from reporting by media outlets-are widely used in political science research. However, events of interest (e.g., strikes, protests, conflict) are often underreported by these primary and secondary sources, producing incomplete data that risks inconsistency and bias in subsequent analysis. While general strategies exist to help ameliorate this bias, these methods do not make full use of the information often available to researchers. Specifically, much of the event data used in the social sciences is drawn from multiple, overlapping news sources (e...
April 2017: Political Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070915/sentiment-analysis-of-political-communication-combining-a-dictionary-approach-with-crowdcoding
#9
Martin Haselmayer, Marcelo Jenny
Sentiment is important in studies of news values, public opinion, negative campaigning or political polarization and an explosive expansion of digital textual data and fast progress in automated text analysis provide vast opportunities for innovative social science research. Unfortunately, tools currently available for automated sentiment analysis are mostly restricted to English texts and require considerable contextual adaption to produce valid results. We present a procedure for collecting fine-grained sentiment scores through crowdcoding to build a negative sentiment dictionary in a language and for a domain of choice...
2017: Quality & Quantity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034096/evaluating-the-impact-of-brexit-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#10
REVIEW
Fawz Kazzazi, Cleo Pollard, Paul Tern, Alejandro Ayuso-Garcia, Jack Gillespie, Inesa Thomsen
INTRODUCTION: The UK Pharmaceutical Industry is arguably one of the most important industries to consider in the negotiations following the Brexit vote. Providing tens of thousands of jobs and billions in tax revenue and research investment, the importance of this industry cannot be understated. At stake is the global leadership in the sector, which produces some of the field's most influential basic science and translation work. However, interruptions and losses may occur at multiple levels, affecting patients, researchers, universities, companies and government...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019352/hot-news-gene-therapy-with-crispr-cas9-coming-to-age-for-hiv-cure
#11
Vicente Soriano
The huge success of current antiretroviral therapy is mediated by a triple effect: (i) Halting progression to AIDS in infected persons; (ii) reducing the risk of transmission to contacts (treatment as prevention); and (iii) minimizing the risk of HIV acquisition treating uninfected persons at risk (pre-exposure prophylaxis). However, UNAIDS has estimated that only 70% of infected people globally are diagnosed, only 53% are treated, and overall 44% have undetectable viral load, which is the necessary request for ensuring any antiretroviral benefit...
October 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990667/the-%C3%A3-ndice-flesch-szigriszt-and-spanish-lexile-analyzer-to-evaluate-spanish-patient-education-materials-in-otolaryngology
#12
Samih J Nassif, Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the reading difficulty of Spanish patient education materials using the validated Índice Flesch-Szigriszt (INFLESZ) and Spanish Lexile Analyzer, and to identify relationships between English and Spanish readability formulas. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All otolaryngology-related patient education articles written in Spanish from the health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked hospitals, top 10 Doximity-ranked otolaryngology residencies, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery website, and the US National Library of Medicine online section on ears, nose and throat were collected...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951776/hepatitis-b-in-patients-with-hematological-diseases-an-update
#13
REVIEW
Chiara Coluccio, Paola Begini, Alfredo Marzano, Adriano Pellicelli, Barbara Imperatrice, Giulia Anania, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Massimo Marignani
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation (HBVr) in patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy is still a hot topic worldwide. Its prevention and management still represents a challenge for specialists dealing with immunosuppressed patients. Aim of this paper is to provide a critical review of the relevant information emerged in the recent literature regarding HBV reactivation following immunosuppressive treatments for oncohematological tumors. A computerized literature search in MEDLINE was performed using appropriate terms arrangement, including English-written literature only or additional relevant articles...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934352/global-reaction-to-the-recent-outbreaks-of-zika-virus-insights-from-a-big-data-analysis
#14
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Mariano Martini, Laura Sticchi, Eugen Trinka, Francesco Brigo, Filippo Ansaldi, Giancarlo Icardi, Andrea Orsi
OBJECTIVE: The recent spreading of Zika virus represents an emerging global health threat. As such, it is attracting public interest worldwide, generating a great amount of related Internet searches and social media interactions. The aim of this research was to understand Zika-related digital behavior throughout the epidemic spreading and to assess its consistence with real-world epidemiological data, using a behavioral informatics and analytics approach. METHODS: In this study, the global web-interest and reaction to the recently occurred outbreaks of the Zika Virus were analyzed in terms of tweets and Google Trends (GT), Google News, YouTube, and Wikipedia search queries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911989/u-47700-a-clinical-review-of-the-literature
#15
Kerry Anne Rambaran, Steven W Fleming, Jie An, Samantha Burkhart, Jakub Furmaga, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, A Michael Spiekerman, Saeed K Alzghari
BACKGROUND: U-47700 is a synthetic opioid developed by The Upjohn Company in the 1970s, which has recently appeared in the news and medical literature due to its toxicity. Currently, there are no clinical trial data assessing the safety of U-47700. OBJECTIVE: To describe the signs and symptoms of ingestion, laboratory testing, and treatment modalities for U-47700 intoxication. DISCUSSION: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and EBSCO for articles using the term "U-47700" and "47700...
October 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885319/getting-the-word-out-new-approaches-for-disseminating-public-health-science
#16
Ross C Brownson, Amy A Eyler, Jenine K Harris, Justin B Moore, Rachel G Tabak
The gap between discovery of public health knowledge and application in practice settings and policy development is due in part to ineffective dissemination. This article describes (1) lessons related to dissemination from related disciplines (eg, communication, agriculture, social marketing, political science), (2) current practices among researchers, (3) key audience characteristics, (4) available tools for dissemination, and (5) measures of impact. Dissemination efforts need to take into account the message, source, audience, and channel...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866287/dangerous-arachnids-fake-news-or-reality
#17
REVIEW
Tobias J Hauke, Volker Herzig
The public perception of spiders and scorpions is skewed towards the potential harm they can inflict in humans, despite recent scientific evidence that arachnid venom components might be useful as bioinsecticides or even human therapeutics. Nevertheless, arachnids are becoming more popular as pets in Europe, America and Asia, raising the question for regulatory agencies in these regions as to whether they need to take measurements to protect their citizens. In order to decide upon the necessary regulatory steps, they first need to determine which arachnids are actually dangerous to humans...
November 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857062/online-media-coverage-of-air-pollution-risks-and-current-policies-in-india-a-content-analysis
#18
Nandita Murukutla, Nalin S Negi, Pallavi Puri, Sandra Mullin, Lesley Onyon
Background Air pollution is of particular concern in India, which contains 11 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world. Media coverage of air pollution issues plays an important role in influencing public opinion and increasing citizen demand for action on clean air policy. Hence, this study was designed to assess news coverage of air pollution in India and its implications for policy advancement. Methods Articles published online between 1 January 2014 and 31 October 2015 that discussed air pollution in India were systematically content analysed...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855953/work-participation-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-is-this-addressed-in-physical-therapy-practice
#19
Wiebke Oswald, Nathan Hutting, Josephine A Engels, J Bart Staal, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are the main complaints for visiting a physical therapist (PT) in primary health care; they have a negative effect on an individual's quality of life and result in a major cost to society. Qualitative research has shown that physical therapists (PTs) treating patients with these disorders experience barriers in the integration of occupational factors within their practice, and also revealed a lack of cooperation between PTs and (other) occupational healthcare providers...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855771/surgery-goes-social-the-extent-and-patterns-of-social-media-utilization-by-major-trauma-acute-and-critical-care-surgery-societies
#20
Jawad M Khalifeh, Haytham M A Kaafarani
CONTEXT AND AIMS: The evolving influence of social media in trauma, acute, and critical care surgery (TACCS) cannot be ignored. We sought to investigate the extent and patterns of use of social networks by major regional, national and international TACCS societies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two leading social networking sites, Facebook (FB) and Twitter (TW), were thoroughly examined for the presence of official accounts for each of the major TACCS societies. An official FB or TW account was defined as one which has a blue verified badge and/or is linked the society's official website...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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