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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224686/addiction-research-and-theory-a-commentary-on-the-surgeon-general-s-report-on-alcohol-drugs-and-health
#1
Aldo Badiani, Kent C Berridge, Markus Heilig, David J Nutt, Terry E Robinson
The Office of the Surgeon General recently produced its first Report on the consequences of alcohol and drug abuse on health, making several very laudable policy recommendations. The Report also emphasizes the importance of adequate funding for biomedical research, which is good news for both researchers and patients. However, the Report is marred by a biased viewpoint on the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction. We highlight here four controversial issues that were depicted as facts in the Report, thereby potentially misleading non-expert readers about the current state-of-the-art understanding of the psychology and neurobiology of drug addiction...
February 21, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148236/how-did-the-public-respond-to-the-2015-expert-consensus-public-health-guidance-statement-on-workplace-sedentary-behaviour-a-qualitative-analysis
#2
Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith, Louise Mansfield
BACKGROUND: In June 2015, an expert consensus guidance statement was published recommending that office workers accumulate 2-4 h of standing and light activity daily and take regular breaks from prolonged sitting. This paper describes public responses to media coverage of the guidance, so as to understand public acceptability of the recommendations within the guidance, and perceptions of sitting and standing as health behaviours. METHODS: UK news media websites that had reported on the sedentary workplace guidance statement, and permitted viewers to post comments responding to the story, were identified...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116925/ethnic-newspapers-and-low-income-spanish-speaking-adults-influence-of-news-consumption-and-health-motivation-on-cancer-prevention-behaviors
#3
Andy J King, Jakob D Jensen, Lisa M Guntzviller, Debora Perez Torres, Melinda Krakow
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic newspapers have the potential to reach and influence various cultural and ethnic subpopulations traditionally underserved in the United States. The current study sought to explore how ethnic news consumption interacts with health motivation to predict cancer prevention behaviors in a sample of Spanish-speaking adults. DESIGN: Participants (N = 100) completed a survey in Spanish, with items measuring demographics, acculturation, health literacy, health motivation, ethnic newspaper consumption (for two papers: La Viva and La Raza), and cancer prevention behaviors...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107106/news-reports-and-their-role-in-child-agricultural-injury-prevention
#4
Barbara Marlenga, Richard L Berg, Susan S Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: The news media can be important sources of health information. We examined news reports of child agricultural injuries to assess what was reported and to evaluate potential implications for health communication and surveillance efforts. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of a convenience sample of 113 US news reports from 2012 to 2014 involving agricultural injuries to children less than 18 years-of-age. The data collection instrument included basic elements of injury surveillance, as well as variables related to injury causation and prevention...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097527/breast-cancer-screening-and-social-media-a-content-analysis-of-evidence-use-and-guideline-opinions-on-twitter
#5
Anthony Nastasi, Tyler Bryant, Joseph K Canner, Mark Dredze, Melissa S Camp, Neeraja Nagarajan
There is ongoing debate regarding the best mammography screening practices. Twitter has become a powerful tool for disseminating medical news and fostering healthcare conversations; however, little work has been done examining these conversations in the context of how users are sharing evidence and discussing current guidelines for breast cancer screening. To characterize the Twitter conversation on mammography and assess the quality of evidence used as well as opinions regarding current screening guidelines, individual tweets using mammography-related hashtags were prospectively pulled from Twitter from 5 November 2015 to 11 December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094613/we-need-our-admiral-nurses
#6
(no author information available yet)
Despite the current emphasis on the importance of dementia care, it is disappointing to see Admiral Nurses falling victim to budget cuts (news online, 23 December).
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044621/paradoxes-of-an-assimilation-politics-media-production-of-gay-male-belonging-in-the-canadian-vital-public-from-the-tainted-blood-scandal-to-the-present
#7
Rory Crath, Cristian Rangel
Canadian media discourses on gay men's sexuality and political inclusion serve as a rich site for understanding current tensions in debates on sexual citizenship under biopolitical regimes. This paper addresses how public health reporting in one health news media source, Canada's leading newspaper The Globe and Mail, discursively produced contiguous understandings of the moral, social and biological dimensions of gay male subjectivity and sexuality within the context of HIV risk discourses. Specifically, we critically examine the newspaper's coverage of what constitutes the public good when national blood supplies are at stake...
January 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028047/content-analysis-of-uk-newspaper-and-online-news-representations-of-women-s-and-men-s-binge-drinking-a-challenge-for-communicating-evidence-based-messages-about-single-episodic-drinking
#8
C Patterson, C Emslie, O Mason, G Fergie, S Hilton
OBJECTIVES: In the UK, men's alcohol-related morbidity and mortality still greatly exceeds women's, despite an increase in women's alcohol consumption in recent decades. New UK alcohol guidelines introduce gender-neutral low-risk alcohol consumption guidance. This study explores how UK newspaper and online news represent women's and men's 'binge' drinking to identify opportunities to better align reporting of harmful drinking with evidence. DESIGN: Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of 308 articles published in 7 UK national newspapers and the BBC News website between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 27, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024166/an-east-asian-perspective-on-the-interaction-between-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-clopidogrel
#9
Duowu Zou, Khean-Lee Goh
Both proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel are widely prescribed in the Asia-Pacific population. PPIs are the mainstay therapeutic agents for prophylaxis against aspirin gastropathy and for ARDs (Acid Related Disorders) including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). They are also co-prescribed with oral anticoagulant agents (OAAs)and with dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for the treatment and prevention of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Clopidogrel belongs to the drug class of thienopyridines, and is currently the most widely prescribed OAA either alone or in combination with aspirin...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005902/animals-in-the-zika-virus-life-cycle-what-to-expect-from-megadiverse-latin-american-countries
#10
REVIEW
Marina Galvão Bueno, Nádia Martinez, Lívia Abdalla, Claudia Nunes Duarte Dos Santos, Marcia Chame
Zika virus (ZIKV) was first isolated in 1947 in primates in Uganda, West Africa. The virus remained confined to the equatorial regions of Africa and Asia, cycling between infecting monkeys, arboreal mosquitoes, and occasionally humans. The ZIKV Asiatic strain was probably introduced into Brazil in or around late 2013. Presently, ZIKV is in contact with the rich biodiversity in all Brazilian biomes, bordering on other Latin American countries. Infections in Brazilian primates have been reported recently, but the overall impact of this virus on wildlife in the Americas is still unknown...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996330/suicide-in-professional-american-football-players-in-the-past-95-years
#11
David Webner, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: To examine publicly-available information on all identified cases of suicide in active or former American professional football players between 1920 and the spring of 2015. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Professional American Football in the US. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 26 702 athletes who had died, retired or were currently playing in the NFL from nfl.com since 1920 was identified. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Internet queries identifying 26 professional football players who completed suicide...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939361/d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vecu-for-news-events-but-not-personal-events-a-dissociation-between-autobiographical-and-non-autobiographical-episodic-memory-processing
#12
Martha S Turner, E Arthur Shores, Nora Breen, Max Coltheart
In déjà vu, the feeling that what we are currently experiencing we have experienced before is fleeting and is not accepted as true. In contrast, in déjà vecu or "recollective confabulation", the sense of déjà vu is persistent and convincing, and patients genuinely believe that they have lived through the current moment at some previous time. In previous reports of cases of déjà vecu, both personal events and non-personal, world events gave rise to this experience. In this paper we describe a patient whose déjà vecu experiences are entirely restricted to non-personal events, suggesting that autobiographical and non-autobiographical episodic memory processing can dissociate...
November 18, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936831/correction-to-adams-et-al-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "How Readers Understand Causal and Correlational Expressions Used in News Headlines" by Rachel C. Adams, Petroc Sumner, Solveiga Vivian-Griffiths, Andrew Williams, Jacky Boivin, Christopher D. Chambers and Lewis Bott (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 3, 2016, np). The fourth author, Amy Barrington, the fourth author was inadvertently omitted from the advance online version. Also, the second paragraph of the author note should have included the following: "Amy Barrington contributed to the design and data collection for Experiments 2 and 3...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912778/medical-priority-dispatch-codes-comparison-with-national-early-warning-score
#14
Marko Hoikka, Sami Länkimäki, Tom Silfvast, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: In Finland, calls for emergency medical services are prioritized by educated non-medical personnel into four categories-from A (highest risk) to D (lowest risk)-following a criteria-based national dispatch protocol. Discrepancies in triage may result in risk overestimation, leading to inappropriate use of emergency medical services units and to risk underestimation that can negatively impact patient outcome. To evaluate dispatch protocol accuracy, we assessed association between priority assigned at dispatch and the patient's condition assessed by emergency medical services on the scene using an early warning risk assessment tool...
December 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907062/sepsis-prevalence-and-outcome-on-the-general-wards-and-emergency-departments-in-wales-results-of-a-multi-centre-observational-point-prevalence-study
#15
Tamas Szakmany, Robert M Lundin, Ben Sharif, Gemma Ellis, Paul Morgan, Maja Kopczynska, Amrit Dhadda, Charlotte Mann, Danielle Donoghue, Sarah Rollason, Emma Brownlow, Francesca Hill, Grace Carr, Hannah Turley, James Hassall, James Lloyd, Llywela Davies, Michael Atkinson, Molly Jones, Nerys Jones, Rhodri Martin, Yousef Ibrahim, Judith E Hall
Data on sepsis prevalence on the general wards is lacking on the UK and in the developed world. We conducted a multicentre, prospective, observational study of the prevalence of patients with sepsis or severe sepsis on the general wards and Emergency Departments (ED) in Wales. During the 24-hour study period all patients with NEWS≥3 were screened for presence of 2 or more SIRS criteria. To be eligible for inclusion, patients had to have a high clinical suspicion of an infection, together with a systemic inflammatory response (sepsis) and evidence of acute organ dysfunction and/or shock (severe sepsis)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890720/the-lawa-model-a-sustainable-integrated-opisthorchiasis-control-program-using-the-ecohealth-approach-in-the-lawa-lake-region-of-thailand
#16
Banchob Sripa, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Thinnakorn Sangnikul
Opisthorchiasis caused by the carcinogenic liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is a major foodborne parasitic zoonotic disease in Thailand and neighboring Mekong countries. The infection is associated with several hepatobiliary diseases including cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The rates of CCA in regions where the parasite is endemic are unprecedented. Extensive research on various aspects of opisthorchiasis has been conducted in recent decades. However, the current status of O. viverrini infection in the country is approaching 85% prevalence in certain endemic areas even after more than 30years of control programs in Thailand...
November 24, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885362/current-rural-drug-use-in-the-us-midwest
#17
Kirk Dombrowski, Devan Crawford, Bilal Khan, Kimberly Tyler
The nature and challenge of illicit drug use in the United States continues to change rapidly, evolving in reaction to myriad social, economic, and local forces. While the use of illicit drugs affects every region of the country, most of our current information about drug use comes from large urban areas. Data on rural drug use and its harms justify greater attention. Record overdose rates, unexpected outbreaks of HIV, and a dearth of treatment facilities point to a rapidly worsening health situation. While health sciences have made considerable progress in understanding the etiology of drug use and uncovering the link between drug use and its myriad associated harms, this promising scientific news has not always translated to better health outcomes...
2016: Journal of Drug Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849669/hospital-rating-systems-and-implications-for-patient-travel-to-better-rated-hospitals
#18
Arun Subramanian, Joel T Adler, Nilay D Shah, Joseph A Hyder
Publicly reported hospital ratings aim to encourage transparency, spur quality improvement, and empower patient choice. Travel burdens may limit patient choice, particularly for older adults (aged 65 years and more) who receive most medical care. For 3 major hospital ratings systems, we estimated travel burden as the additional 1-way travel distance to receive care at a better-rated hospital.Distances were estimated from publicly available data from the US Census, US News Top Hospitals, Society of Thoracic Surgeons composite rating for coronary artery bypass grafting (STS-CABG), and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Services (HCAHPS)...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830258/some-innovative-approaches-for-public-health-and-epidemiology-informatics
#19
L Toubiana, N Griffon
OBJECTIVES: Summarize excellent current research published in 2015 in the field of Public Health and Epidemiology Informatics. METHODS: The complete 2015 literature concerning public health and epidemiology informatics has been searched in PubMed and Web of Science, and the returned references were reviewed by the two section editors to select 14 candidate best papers. These papers were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers to allow the editorial team an enlightened selection of the best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808530/how-readers-understand-causal-and-correlational-expressions-used-in-news-headlines
#20
Rachel C Adams, Petroc Sumner, Solveiga Vivian-Griffiths, Amy Barrington, Andrew Williams, Jacky Boivin, Christopher D Chambers, Lewis Bott
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied on Dec 12 2016 (see record 2016-59631-001). The fourth author, Amy Barrington, the fourth author was inadvertently omitted from the advance online version. Also, the second paragraph of the author note should have included the following: "Amy Barrington contributed to the design and data collection for Experiments 2 and 3. We thank the following undergraduate students for contributions to Experiment 1 and pilot work leading up to the project: Laura Benjamin, Cecily Donnelly, Cameron Dunlop, Rebecca Emerson, Rose Fisher, Laura Jones, Olivia Manship, Hannah McCarthy, Naomi Scott, Eliza Walwyn-Jones, Leanne Whelan, and Joe Wilton...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
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