keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Limb proportion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455014/cilostazol-improves-wound-healing-in-patients-undergoing-open-bypass-for-ischemic-tissue-loss-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#1
Shinsuke Mii, Atsushi Guntani, Eisuke Kawakubo, Kiyoshi Tanaka, Ryoichi Kyuragi
BACKGROUND: Few reports have described the effects of medication on the wound healing of ischemic ulcers after revascularization. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of cilostazol on wound healing in patients who underwent infrainguinal bypass for ischemic tissue loss. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-three limbs undergoing de novo infrainguinal bypass for tissue loss from January 2004 to December 2015 were divided into two groups based on whether or not cilostazol was administered after surgery...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453490/goal-directed-reaching-the-allocentric-coding-of-target-location-renders-an-offline-mode-of-control
#2
Joseph Manzone, Matthew Heath
Reaching to a veridical target permits an egocentric spatial code (i.e., absolute limb and target position) to effect fast and effective online trajectory corrections supported via the visuomotor networks of the dorsal visual pathway. In contrast, a response entailing decoupled spatial relations between stimulus and response is thought to be primarily mediated via an allocentric code (i.e., the position of a target relative to another external cue) laid down by the visuoperceptual networks of the ventral visual pathway...
February 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443850/does-an-algorithmic-approach-to-using-brachytherapy-and-external-beam-radiation-result-in-good-function-local-control-rates-and-low-morbidity-in-patients-with-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#3
Jason Klein, Alex Ghasem, Samuel Huntley, Nathan Donaldson, Martin Keisch, Sheila Conway
BACKGROUND: High-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) and external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) are two modalities used in the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. Previous work at our institution showed early complications and outcomes for patients treated with HDR-BT, EBRT, or a combination of both radiation therapy modalities. As the general indications for each of these approaches to radiation therapy differ, it is important to evaluate the use of each in an algorithmic way, reflecting how they are used in contemporary practice at sites that use these treatments...
March 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436719/artificial-selection-sheds-light-on-developmental-mechanisms-of-limb-elongation
#4
Marta Marchini, Campbell Rolian
Species diversity in limb lengths and proportions is thought to have evolved adaptively in the context of locomotor and habitat specialization, but the heritable cellular processes that drove this evolution within species are poorly understood. In this study, we take a novel "micro-evo-devo" approach, using artificial selection on relative limb length to amplify phenotypic variation in a population of mice, known as Longshanks, to examine the cellular mechanisms of postnatal limb development that contribute to intraspecific limb length variation...
February 13, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435726/thalidomide-induces-apoptosis-during-early-mesodermal-differentiation-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#5
Saoko Tachikawa, Maho Shimizu, Kenshiro Maruyama, Kiyoshi Ohnuma
Thalidomide was once administered to pregnant women as a mild sedative; however, it was subsequently shown to be strongly teratogenic. Recently, there has been renewed interest in thalidomide because of its curative effects against intractable diseases. However, the teratogenicity of thalidomide is manifested in various ways and is still not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of thalidomide on early mesodermal differentiation by examining the differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)...
February 12, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430981/the-diabetic-foot-attack-tis-too-late-to-retreat
#6
Prashanth R J Vas, Michael Edmonds, Venu Kavarthapu, Hisham Rashid, Raju Ahluwalia, Christian Pankhurst, Nikolaos Papanas
The "diabetic foot attack" is one of the most devastating presentations of diabetic foot disease, typically presenting as an acutely inflamed foot with rapidly progressive skin and tissue necrosis, at times associated with significant systemic symptoms. Without intervention, it may escalate over hours to limb-threatening proportions and poses a high amputation risk. There are only best practice approaches but no international protocols to guide management. Immediate recognition of a typical infected diabetic foot attack, predominated by severe infection, with prompt surgical intervention to debride all infected tissue alongside broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy is vital to ensure both limb and patient survival...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430814/sglt-2-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-lower-limb-amputation-is-this-a-class-effect
#7
Charles Khouri, Jean-Luc Cracowski, Matthieu Roustit
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitors of the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) are a novel class of glucose lowering agents showing promising results. However, the use of canagliflozin has been associated with an increased risk of lower-limb amputation. Whether this risk concerns other SGLT-2 inhibitors is unclear. METHODS: We performed a disproportionality analysis using the WHO global database of individual case safety reports (VigiBase®) to address this issue. RESULTS: Among the 8,293,886 reports available between January 2013 and December 2017, we identified 79 reports of lower-limb amputations associated with SGLT-2 inhibitors...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430624/phylogenetic-and-environmental-effects-on-limb-bone-structure-in-gorillas
#8
Christopher B Ruff, M Loring Burgess, Juho-Antti Junno, Antoine Mudakikwa, Christophe P E Zollikofer, Marcia S Ponce de León, Shannon C McFarlin
OBJECTIVES: The effects of phylogeny and locomotor behavior on long bone structural proportions are assessed through comparisons between adult and ontogenetic samples of extant gorillas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 281 wild-collected individuals were included in the study, divided into four groups that vary taxonomically and ecologically: western lowland gorillas (G. g. gorilla), lowland and highland grauer gorillas (G. b. graueri), and Virunga mountain gorillas (G...
February 11, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430219/disease-control-on-lanreotide-autogel%C3%A2-120-mg-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-gastrinoma-a-case-report
#9
Maridi Aerts, Hendrik Reynaert
Gastrinomas are functionally active pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) secreting gastrin and are associated with local or regional metastases in 60% of the cases. Somatostatin analogs (SSAs) are currently recommended as a first-line treatment for the symptomatic treatment of NETs. Although antiproliferative activity of SSAs has been demonstrated in various cancer types in several in vivo and in vitro studies, clinical benefits with SSAs have been only achieved in a small proportion of patients. We report a disease control on a long-acting SSA lanreotide in a patient with metastatic gastrinoma...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427799/the-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-for-recurrent-severe-lower-limb-cellulitis-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
Jeffrey Cannon, John Dyer, Jonathan Carapetis, Laurens Manning
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and risk factors for recurrence of severe lower leg cellulitis (LLC) METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study using state-wide data of adults presenting with recurrent LLC following a primary episode occurring between January 2002 and December 2013. The incidence of recurrent LLC was estimated using the cumulative incidence function, accounting for mortality. Independent risk factors for recurrence were identified using Fine-Gray sub-distribution and Cox proportional hazards models...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425771/early-outcomes-with-fast-track-evar-in-teaching-and-nonteaching-hospitals
#11
Hiranya A Rajasinghe, Larry E Miller, Zvonimir Krajcer
PURPOSE: To determine feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of a fast-track endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) protocol at teaching and nonteaching hospitals. METHODS: Patients underwent a fast-track EVAR protocol comprised of bilateral percutaneous access using a 14 Fr stent graft, avoidance of general anesthesia and intensive care admission, and next-day discharge. Patients were followed through 1 month post-treatment. Participating hospitals were categorized by teaching status (teaching vs...
February 6, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424094/leg-length-sitting-height-and-body-proportions-references-for-achondroplasia-new-tools-for-monitoring-growth
#12
Mariana Del Pino, Rosario Ramos Mejía, Virginia Fano
Achondroplasia is the most common form of inherited disproportionate short stature. We report leg length, sitting height, and body proportion curves for achondroplasia. Seven centile format of sitting height, leg length, sitting height/leg length ratio, sitting height/height ratio, and head circumference/height ratio were estimated by the LMS method. The Q-test was applied to assess the goodness of fit. For comparison, centiles of sitting height and leg length were graphed using Argentine national growth references for achondroplasia and non-achondroplasia populations...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418114/anatomical-basis-of-differences-in-locomotor-behavior-in-martens-a-comparison-of-the-forelimb-musculature-between-two-sympatric-species-of-martes
#13
Christine Böhmer, Anne-Claire Fabre, Marc Herbin, Stéphane Peigné, Anthony Herrel
Arboreal locomotion imposes selective pressures that may affect the evolution of the locomotor apparatus. The limbs have to be mobile to reach across discontinuities, yet at the same time need to be forceful to move against gravity during climbing. However, as intermediaries between the arboreal and terrestrial environment, semi-arboreal mammals appear not extremely specialized and, thus, anatomical adaptations may be less evident than expected for arboreal climbers. Here, we present quantitative data on the muscle anatomy of the forelimbs (N = 14) of two closely related species of Mustelidae and relate the findings to their locomotor habits...
March 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403288/overexpression-of-lbh-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Jiewei Chen, Chuqiang Huang, Keming Chen, Shuman Li, Xinke Zhang, Jun Cheng, Muyan Cai, Yongbo Xiao
Purpose: Limb-bud and heart (LBH) levels are correlated with adverse survival in several malignancies; however, their significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the association between LBH status and clinical outcomes. Methods: We selected 226 patients with HCC who were treated surgically between 2003 and 2010 at a single academic center. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the protein expression of LBH in HCC samples...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402720/a-review-of-upper-limb-injuries-in-bear-maul-victims-consistent-pattern-and-inverse-relation-in-severity-with-facial-and-scalp-injuries
#15
Towseef Ahmad Bhat, Amara Gulzar, Aejaz Ahmad Bhat, Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Zameer Ali
PURPOSE: Bear maul injuries are the most common wild animal inflicted injuries in India. More than 300 bear maul injuries report to our hospital per year. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients over a period of 1 year reported to our department for orthopaedic management of bear maul injuries. All the patients were referred either from peripheral hospitals or from other surgical departments of our hospital. RESULTS: All the patients had facial/scalp injuries of variable severity...
November 24, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402310/fnirs-based-neurorobotic-interface-for-gait-rehabilitation
#16
Rayyan Azam Khan, Noman Naseer, Nauman Khalid Qureshi, Farzan Majeed Noori, Hammad Nazeer, Muhammad Umer Khan
BACKGROUND: In this paper, a novel functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) framework for control of prosthetic legs and rehabilitation of patients suffering from locomotive disorders is presented. METHODS: fNIRS signals are used to initiate and stop the gait cycle, while a nonlinear proportional derivative computed torque controller (PD-CTC) with gravity compensation is used to control the torques of hip and knee joints for minimization of position error...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396499/movement-strategies-for-countermovement-jumping-are-potentially-influenced-by-elastic-energy-stored-and-released-from-tendons
#17
Logan Wade, Glen Lichtwark, Dominic James Farris
The preferred movement strategies that humans choose to produce work for movement are not fully understood. Previous studies have demonstrated an important contribution of elastic energy stored within the Achilles tendon (AT) during jumping. This study aimed to alter energy available for storage in the AT to examine changes in how jumpers distribute work among lower limb joints. Participants (n = 16) performed maximal and sub-maximal jumps under two paradigms, matched for increasing total work output by manipulating jump height or adding body mass...
February 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393607/blood-flow-changes-in-pelvic-vessels-associated-with-the-application-of-an-abdominal-compression-belt-in-healthy-postpartum-women
#18
T Dias, M Patabendige,, R P Herath, T I Garvik, F Liland, S Arulkumaran
Introduction: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) accounts for a high proportion of maternal mortality and morbidity throughout the world. A uterine compression belt which has been developed recently represents a very low tech, low cost solution in managing postpartum haemorrhage. Objectives: To evaluate the blood flow changes in pelvic vessels following application of the postpartum haemorrhage compression belt (Laerdal Global Health, Stavanger, Norway). Methods: The sample included healthy postpartum women within 6 hours of vaginal delivery...
December 26, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391829/the-potential-role-of-angiogenesis-in-the-development-of-shoulder-pain-shoulder-dysfunction-and-lymphedema-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Trevor S Mafu, Alison V September, Delva Shamley
Shoulder morbidity is a well-documented sequela of breast cancer treatment, which includes various manifestations such as pain, reduced range of motion, and lymphedema, among others. The multifactorial nature of such morbidities has long been appreciated, and research on reliable risk predictors of development thereof still continues. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential of different types of physical therapy to treat such shoulder problems, and the integration of such interventions into routine care for breast cancer survivors is a requirement in most high-income countries...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386709/the-psychological-morbidity-in-the-long-term-after-war-related-bilateral-lower-limb-amputation
#20
Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Mohammadreza Soroush, Shekoufe Shahriar, Ali Firoozabadi
Background: To determine the psychological morbidity in the long term after war related bilateral lower limb amputation. Methods: Mental health status was determined by the Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R) and a structured psychiatrist interview using Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders-IV (SCID-IV) in 327 male amputees. The survey was 22.3 (SD = 3.9) years after amputation. A one-sample t-test was conducted to compare our results with a survey carried out in a rural Iranian population...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
keyword
keyword
7121
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"